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  1. Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold, Iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii.
    There are hundreds of indications leading us to conclude that at every moment there is in us an infinity of perceptions, unaccompanied by awareness or reflection; that is, of alterations in the soul itself, of which we are unaware because the impressions are either too minute or too numerous, or else too unvarying, so that they are not sufficiently distinctive on their own. But when they are combined with others they do nevertheless have their effect and make themselves felt, at (...)
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  2. Eyal M. Reingold, Beyond Perception: Conceptual.
    Whenever knowledge of the possible interpretation or conceptualization of some- thing helps in perceiving that thing, we say the processing is conceptually driven. That is, the process starts with conceptualization of what might be present and then looks for confirming evidence, biasing the processing mechanisms to give the expected result... Conceptually driven processing and data-driven processing almost always occur together, with each direction of processing contributing something to the total analysis. (Lindsay and Norman 1977, p. 13).
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  3. Eyal M. Reingold, Lester C. Loschky.
    Salience of Peripheral 2 Abstract The three experiments reported document a slowing of peripheral target acquisition associated with the presence of a gaze-contingent window. This window effect was shown for displays using either moving video or still images. The window effect was similar across a resolutiondefined window condition and a luminance-defined window condition suggesting that peripheral image degradation is not a prerequisite of this effect. The window effect was also unaffected by the type of window boundary used (sharp or blended). (...)
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  4. Eyal M. Reingold & Jiye Shen, Peripheral and Parafoveal Cueing and Masking Effects on Saccadic Selectivity in a Gaze-Contingent Window Paradigm.
    The present study employed the gaze-contingent window paradigm to investigate parafoveal and peripheral cueing and masking effects on saccadic selectivity in a triple-conjunction visual search task. In the cueing conditions, the information shown outside the gaze-contingent window was restricted to the feature or feature pair shared between the target and a particular distractor type. In the masking conditions, no stimulus features were shown outside the window. Significant cueing and masking effects on saccadic selectivity were observed for saccades directed at items (...)
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  5. Eyal M. Reingold & Dave M. Stampe, Saccadic Inhibition in Reading.
    In 5 experiments, participants read text that was briefly replaced by a transient image for 33 ms at random intervals. A decrease in saccadic frequency, referred to as saccadic inhibition, occurred as early as 60 –70 ms following the onset of abrupt changes in visual input. It was demonstrated that the saccadic inhibition was influenced by the saliency of the visual event (Experiment 3) and was not produced in response to abrupt but irrelevant auditory stimuli (Experiment 1). Display changes restricted (...)
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  6. Eyal M. Reingold & Dave M. Stampe, Saccadic Inhibition in Voluntary and Reflexive Saccades.
    & The present study investigated saccadic inhibition in both voluntary and stimulus-elicited saccades. Two experiments examined saccadic inhibition caused by an irrelevant flash occurring subsequent to target onset. In each trial, participants were required to perform a single saccade following the presentation of a black target on a gray background, 48 to the left or to the right of screen center. In some trials (flash trials), after a variable delay, a 33-msec flash was displayed at the top and bottom third (...)
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  7. Eyal M. Reingold & Larry L. Jacoby, Necessary?
    In a recent paper, Graf and Komatsu (1994) argued that the process dissociation procedure (Jacoby, 1991) is limited in its ability to separate and measure conscious and unconscious forms of memory and so should be "handIed with caution". Given that the study of unconscious influences has always posed a difficult problem for memory researchers, we agree with the general emphasis on caution. In this paper, we too advocate caution, especially as it applies to the use of indirect tests, assessing Graf (...)
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  8. Eyal M. Reingold & Keith Rayner, Research Report.
    A critical prediction of the E-Z Reader model is that experimental manipulations that disrupt early encoding of visual and orthographic features of the fixated word without affecting subsequent lexical processing should influence the processing difficulty of the fixated word without affecting the processing of the next word. We tested this prediction by monitoring participants’ eye movements while they read sentences in which a target word was presented either normally or altered. In the critical condition, the contrast between the target word (...)
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  9. Eyal M. Reingold & Dave M. Stampe, Saccadic Inhibition in Complex Visual Tasks.
    Several gaze contingent studies that used a fixed delay between physical eye movements and a display change documented a dip in the fixation duration distributions (e.g., Blanchard et al. 1984; McConkie et al. 1985; van Diepen et al. 1995). In a study by van Diepen et al. (1995), a moving mask paradigm was employed in which subjects searched line drawings of everyday scenes for non-objects. The appearance of the mask was delayed relative to the end of a saccade (beginning of (...)
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  10. Erik D. Reichle & Eyal M. Reingold (2013). Neurophysiological Constraints on the Eye-Mind Link. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  11. Heather Sheridan & Eyal M. Reingold (2012). Levels of Processing Influences Both Recollection and Familiarity: Evidence From a Modified Remember–Know Paradigm. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):438-443.
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  12. Heather Sheridan & Eyal M. Reingold (2012). Perceptually Specific and Perceptually Non-Specific Influences on Rereading Benefits for Spatially Transformed Text: Evidence From Eye Movements. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1739-1747.
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  13. Jessica J. Ellis, Mackenzie G. Glaholt & Eyal M. Reingold (2011). Eye Movements Reveal Solution Knowledge Prior to Insight. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):768-776.
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  14. Heather Sheridan & Eyal M. Reingold (2011). Recognition Memory Performance as a Function of Reported Subjective Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1363-1375.
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  15. Eyal M. Reingold (2004). Unconscious Perception: Assumptions and Interpretive Difficulties. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):117-122.
    Reingold and MerikleÕs (1988, 1990) critique of the classic dissociation paradigm identified several issues as inherent problems that severely undermine the utility of this paradigm. Erdelyi (2004) extending his prior analysis (Erdelyi, 1985, 1986) points out several additional factors that may complicate the interpretation of empirically obtained dissociations. The goal of the present manuscript is to further discuss some of these commonly neglected interpretive difficulties. Ó 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  16. Eyal M. Reingold (2004). Unconscious Perception and the Classic Dissociation Paradigm: A New Angle? Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):882-887.
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  17. Marc Pomplun, Eyal M. Reingold & Jiye Shen (2003). Area Activation: A Computational Model of Saccadic Selectivity in Visual Search. Cognitive Science 27 (2):299-312.
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  18. Eyal M. Reingold (2003). Eye-Movement Control in Reading: Models and Predictions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):500-501.
    It is argued here that a critical prediction of the E-Z Reader model is that experimental manipulations that disrupt early encoding of visual and orthographic features of the fixated word without affecting subsequent lexical processing should influence the processing difficulty of the fixated word without producing any processing effect on the next word. This prediction is explained and illustrated.
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  19. Eyal M. Reingold & Colleen A. Ray (2002). Implicit Cognition. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
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  20. Marc Pomplun, Eyal M. Reingold, Jiye Shen, Vittorio Girotto, Markus Kemmelmeier, Dan Sperber, Jean-Baptiste van der Henst, Edward Munnich, Barbara Landau & Barbara Anne Dosher (2001). ELIZABETH S. SPELKE (MIT) Children's Use of Geometry and Landmarks to Reorient in an Open Space, 119±148 JENNY R. SAFFRAN (University of Wisconsin±Madison) Words in a Sea of Sounds: The Output of Infant Statistical Learning, 149±169 Brief Articles. [REVIEW] Cognition 81 (249):249-251.
     
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  21. Eyal M. Reingold & Jiye Shen (2001). Investigating the Visual Span in Comparative Search: The Effects of Task Difficulty and Divided Attention. Cognition 81 (2):57-67.
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  22. Eyal M. Reingold & Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein (1996). Automatic Retrieval of New Associations Under Shallow Encoding Conditions. Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):117-130.
  23. Eyal M. Reingold & Jeffrey Toth (1996). Process Dissociations Versus Task Dissociations: A Controversy in Progress. In G. Underwood (ed.), Implicit Cognition. Oxford University Press. 159-202.
  24. J. P. Toth & Eyal M. Reingold (1996). Beyond Perception: Conceptual Contributions to Unconscious Influences of Memory. In G. Underwood (ed.), Implicit Cognition. Oxford University Press. 41--84.
  25. Eyal M. Reingold (1995). Facilitation and Interference in Indirect/Implicit Memory Tests and in the Process Dissociation Paradigm: The Letter Insertion and the Letter Deletion Tasks. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):459-482.
  26. Jeffrey Toth, Eyal M. Reingold & Larry Jacoby (1995). A Response to Graf and Komatsu's (1994) Critique of the Process-Dissociation Procedure: When is Caution Necessary? European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 7:113-130.
  27. Jeffrey Toth, Eyal M. Reingold & Larry Jacoby (1994). Toward a Redefinition of Implicit Memory: Process Dissociations Following Elaborative Processing and Self-Generation. Journal Of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):290-303.
  28. Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold (1992). Measuring Unconscious Processes. In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
     
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  29. Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold (1992). Measuring Unconscious Perceptual Processes. In R.F. Bornstein & T.S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. New York: Guilford Press. 55-80.
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  30. Eyal M. Reingold (1992). Conscious Versus Unconscious Processes: Are They Qualitatively Different? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):218-219.
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  31. Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold (1991). Comparing Direct (Explicit) to Indirect (Implicit) Measures to Study Unconscious Memory. Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition 17 (2):224-233.
  32. Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle (1991). Theory and Measurement in the Study of Unconscious Processes. Mind and Language 5:9-28.
     
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  33. Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold (1990). Recognition and Lexical Decision Without Detection: Unconscious Perception? Journal of Experimental Psychology 16:574-83.
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  34. Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle (1990). On the Inter-Relatedness of Theory and Measurement in the Study of Unconscious Processes. Mind and Language 5 (1):9-28.
  35. Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle (1988). Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Study Perception Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 44:563-575.
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