Search results for 'Eyal Sagi' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Eyal Sagi, Dedre Gentner & Andrew Lovett (2012). What Difference Reveals About Similarity. Cognitive Science 36 (6):1019-1050.score: 240.0
    Detecting that two images are different is faster for highly dissimilar images than for highly similar images. Paradoxically, we showed that the reverse occurs when people are asked to describe how two images differ—that is, to state a difference between two images. Following structure-mapping theory, we propose that this disassociation arises from the multistage nature of the comparison process. Detecting that two images are different can be done in the initial (local-matching) stage, but only for pairs with low overlap; thus, (...)
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  2. Eyal Sagi, Stefan Kaufmann & Brady Clark (2011). Tracing Semantic Change with Latent Semantic Analysis. In Kathryn Allan & Justyna A. Robinson (eds.), Current Methods in Historical Semantics. De Gruyter Mouton. 73--161.score: 240.0
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  3. Nir Eyal (2005). ‘Perhaps the Most Important Primary Good’: Self-Respect and Rawls’s Principles of Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):195-219.score: 30.0
    The article begins by reconstructing the just distribution of the social bases of self-respect, a principle of justice that is covert in Rawls’s writing. I argue that, for Rawls, justice mandates that each social basis for self-respect be equalized (and, as a second priority, maximized). Curiously, for Rawls, that principle ranks higher than Rawls’s two more famous principles of justice - equal liberty and the difference principle. I then recall Rawls’s well-known confusion between self-respect and another form of self-appraisal, namely, (...)
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  4. Avi Sagi (1999). Religious Pluralism Assessed. Sophia 38 (2):93-115.score: 30.0
    Exclusivism is a highly appealing option in religious terms. It reflects the believers’ commitment to their religion as well as their conviction that their religion is true, and that other religions are therefore false. My central argument is that the justification of inter-religious pluralism, while not less well established than that of exclusivism, successfully preserves the social intuitions of religious devotion and commitment. The effect of this justification, which remains valid despite objections raised against various forms of inter-religious pluralism, is (...)
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  5. Nir Eyal (2009). Is the Body Special? Review of Cécile Fabre, Whose Body is It Anyway? Justice and the Integrity of the Person. Utilitas 21 (2):233-245.score: 30.0
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  6. Nir Eyal (2006). Egalitarian Justice and Innocent Choice. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (1).score: 30.0
    This article argues that, in its standard formulation, luck-egalitarianism is false. In particular, I show that disadvantages that result from perfectly free choice can constitute egalitarian injustice. I also propose a modified formulation of luck-egalitarianism that would withstand my criticism. One merit of the modification is that it helps us to reconcile widespread intuitions about distributive justice with equally widespread intuitions about punitive justice.
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  7. Avi Sagi (1997). Yeshayahu Leibowitz – a Breakthrough in Jewish Philosophy: Religion Without Metaphysics. Religious Studies 33 (2):203-216.score: 30.0
    This article is an analysis of the theological-philosophical revolution that Leibowitz's thought represents in the philosophy of religion in general and in Jewish philosophy in particular. This revolution relies on a positivist viewpoint, which denies any possibility of making statements about God. In his approach, statements about God are interpreted as statements denoting the relationship between the individual and God. Conventional religious beliefs -- such as the belief in the creation or in revelation -- become meaningless. Leibowitz therefore suggests a (...)
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  8. Alumit Ishai & D. Sagi (1998). Visual Imagery and Visual Perception: The Role of Memory and Conscious Awareness. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. 2--321.score: 30.0
  9. Gil Sagi (forthcoming). Models and Logical Consequence. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-22.score: 30.0
    This paper deals with the adequacy of the model-theoretic definition of logical consequence. Logical consequence is commonly described as a necessary relation that can be determined by the form of the sentences involved. In this paper, necessity is assumed to be a metaphysical notion, and formality is viewed as a means to avoid dealing with complex metaphysical questions in logical investigations. Logical terms are an essential part of the form of sentences and thus have a crucial role in determining logical (...)
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  10. Nir Eyal & Samia A. Hurst (2008). Physician Brain Drain: Can Nothing Be Done? Public Health Ethics 1 (2):180-192.score: 30.0
    Next SectionAccess to medicines, vaccination and care in resource-poor settings is threatened by the emigration of physicians and other health workers. In entire regions of the developing world, low physician density exacerbates child and maternal mortality and hinders treatment of HIV/AIDS. This article invites philosophers to help identify ethical and effective responses to medical brain drain. It reviews existing proposals and their limitations. It makes a case that, in resource-poor countries, ’locally relevant medical training’—teaching primarily locally endemic diseases and practice (...)
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  11. Avi Sagi (1997). L. E. Goodman. God of Abraham. Pp. 364 (New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.). Religious Studies 33 (3):349-360.score: 30.0
  12. Gil Sagi (forthcoming). Formality in Logic: From Logical Terms to Semantic Constraints. Logique Et Analyse.score: 30.0
    In the paper I discuss a prevailing view by which logical terms determine forms of sentences and arguments and therefore the logical validity of arguments. This view is common to those who hold that there is a principled distinction between logical and nonlogical terms and those holding relativistic accounts. I adopt the Tarskian tradition by which logical validity is determined by form, but reject the centrality of logical terms. I propose an alternative framework for logic where logical terms no longer (...)
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  13. Avi Sagi & Daniel Statman (1995). Divine Command Morality and Jewish Tradition. Journal of Religious Ethics 23 (1):39 - 67.score: 30.0
    Given the religious appeal of divine command theories of morality (DCM), and given that these theories are found in both Christianity and Islam, we could expect DCM to be represented in Judaism, too. In this essay, however, we show that hardly any echoes of support for this thesis can be found in Jewish texts. We analyze texts that appear to support DCM and show they do not. We then present a number of sources clearly opposed to DCM. Finally, we offer (...)
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  14. Nir Eyal (2005). Justice, Luck, and Knowledge, by Susan L. Hurley. Harvard University Press, 2003. VIII + 341 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):164-171.score: 30.0
  15. Nir Eyal & Neema Sofaer (2010). The Diverse Ethics of Translational Research. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):19-30.score: 30.0
    Commentators on the ethics of translational research find it morally problematic. Types of translational research are said to involve questionable benefits, special risks, additional barriers to informed consent, and severe conflicts of interest. Translational research conducted on the global poor is thought to exploit them and increase international disparities. Some commentators support especially stringent ethical review. However, such concerns are grounded only in pre-approval translational research (now called T1 ). Whether or not T1 has these features, translational research beyond approval (...)
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  16. Gábor Sági (2000). A Completeness Theorem for Higher Order Logics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):857-884.score: 30.0
    Here we investigate the classes RCA $^\uparrow_\alpha$ of representable directed cylindric algebras of dimension α introduced by Nemeti[12]. RCA $^\uparrow_\alpha$ can be seen in two different ways: first, as an algebraic counterpart of higher order logics and second, as a cylindric algebraic analogue of Quasi-Projective Relation Algebras. We will give a new, "purely cylindric algebraic" proof for the following theorems of Nemeti: (i) RCA $^\uparrow_\alpha$ is a finitely axiomatizable variety whenever α ≥ 3 is finite and (ii) one can obtain (...)
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  17. N. Eyal (2012). Why Treat Noncompliant Patients? Beyond the Decent Minimum Account. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (6):572-588.score: 30.0
    Patients’ medical conditions can result from their own avoidable risk taking. Some lung diseases result from avoidable smoking and some traffic accidents result from victims’ reckless driving. Although in many nonmedical areas we hold people responsible for taking risks they could avoid, it is normally harsh and inappropriate to deny patients care because they risked needing it. Why? A popular account is that protecting everyone’s "decent minimum," their basic needs, matters more than the benefits of holding people accountable. This account (...)
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  18. A. Bitton & N. Eyal (2011). Too Poor To Treat? The Complex Ethics of Cost-Effective Tobacco Policy in the Developing World. Public Health Ethics 4 (2):109-120.score: 30.0
    The majority of deaths due to tobacco in the twenty-first century will occur in the developing world, where over 80% of current tobacco users live. In November 2010 guidelines were adopted for implementing Article 14 of the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The guidelines call on all countries to promote tobacco treatment programs. Nevertheless, some experts argue for a strict focus, at least in developing countries, on population-based measures such as taxes and indoor air laws, which (...)
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  19. Nir Eyal & Alex Voorhoeve (2011). Inequalities in HIV Care: Chances Versus Outcomes. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):42-44.score: 30.0
    We analyse three moral dilemmas involving resource allocation in care for HIV-positive patients. Ole Norheim and Kjell Arne Johansson have argued that these cases reveal a tension between egalitarian concerns and concerns for better population health. We argue, by contrast, that these cases reveal a tension between, on the one hand, a concern for equal *chances*, and, on the other hand, both a concern for better health and an egalitarian concern for equal *outcomes*. We conclude that, in these cases, there (...)
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  20. Ole Fritjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Alex Voorhoeve, Bonah Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall & Frehiwot Defaye (2014). Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage. World Health Organisation.score: 30.0
    This report by the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage addresses how countries can make fair progress towards the goal of universal coverage. It explains the relevant tradeoffs between different desirable ends and offers guidance on how to make these tradeoffs.
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  21. Neema Sofaer & Nir Eyal (2010). Translational Research Beyond Approval: A Two-Stage Ethics Review. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):W1-W3.score: 30.0
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  22. Maria Sagi (1997). Holistic Healing as Fresh Evidence for Collective Consciousness. World Futures 48 (1):151-160.score: 30.0
    (1997). Holistic healing as fresh evidence for collective consciousness. World Futures: Vol. 48, The Concept of Collective Consiousness: Research Perspectives, pp. 151-160.
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  23. N. Eyal (forthcoming). Using Informed Consent to Save Trust. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-100490.score: 30.0
    Increasingly, bioethicists defend informed consent as a safeguard for trust in caretakers and medical institutions. This paper discusses an ‘ideal type’ of that move. What I call the trust-promotion argument for informed consent states: 1. Social trust, especially trust in caretakers and medical institutions, is necessary so that, for example, people seek medical advice, comply with it, and participate in medical research. 2. Therefore, it is usually wrong to jeopardise that trust.3. Coercion, deception, manipulation and other violations of standard informed (...)
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  24. Gábor Sági & Saharon Shelah (2006). On Weak and Strong Interpolation in Algebraic Logics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (1):104 - 118.score: 30.0
    We show that there is a restriction, or modification of the finite-variable fragments of First Order Logic in which a weak form of Craig's Interpolation Theorem holds but a strong form of this theorem does not hold. Translating these results into Algebraic Logic we obtain a finitely axiomatizable subvariety of finite dimensional Representable Cylindric Algebras that has the Strong Amalgamation Property but does not have the Superamalgamation Property. This settles a conjecture of Pigozzi [12].
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  25. István Németi & Gábor Sági (2000). On the Equational Theory of Representable Polyadic Equality Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1143-1167.score: 30.0
    Among others we will prove that the equational theory of ω dimensional representable polyadic equality algebras (RPEA ω 's) is not schema axiomatizable. This result is in interesting contrast with the Daigneault-Monk representation theorem, which states that the class of representable polyadic algebras is finite schema-axiomatizable (and hence the equational theory of this class is finite schema-axiomatizable, as well). We will also show that the complexity of the equational theory of RPEA ω is also extremely high in the recursion theoretic (...)
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  26. Avi Sagi (1992). The Suspension of the Ethical and the Religious Meaning of Ethics in Kierkegaard's Thought. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 32 (2):83 - 103.score: 30.0
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  27. N. Eyal (2012). Reconciling Informed Consent with Prescription Drug Requirements. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):589-591.score: 30.0
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  28. Nir Eyal & Neema Sofaer (2010). Translational Research Beyond Approval: A Two-Stage Ethics Review. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):W1-W3.score: 30.0
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  29. Daniel Wikler & Nir Eyal (2013). Nudges and Noodges: The Ethics of Health Promotion—New York Style. Public Health Ethics 6 (3):pht033.score: 30.0
    Michael Bloomberg's three terms in New York City's mayoral office are coming to a close. His model of governance for public health influenced cities and governments around the world. What should we make of that model? This essay introduces a symposium in which ethicists Sarah Conly, Roger Brownsword and Alex Rajczi discuss that legacy.
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  30. Nir Eyal (forthcoming). Informed Consent, the Value of Trust, and Hedons. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-101208.score: 30.0
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  31. Nir Eyal (forthcoming). Paternalism, French Fries and the Weak-Willed Witness. Journal of Medical Ethics.score: 30.0
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  32. Maria Sagi (1994). Editor's Foreword. World Futures 39 (1):1-2.score: 30.0
    (1994). Editor's foreword. World Futures: Vol. 39, The Evolution of European Identity: Surveys of the Growing Edge A Report by the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 1-2.
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  33. Gábor Sági (2002). A Note on Algebras of Substitutions. Studia Logica 72 (2):265-284.score: 30.0
    We will study the class RSA of -dimensional representable substitution algebras. RSA is a sub-reduct of the class of representable cylindric: algebras, and it was an open problem in Andréka [1] that whether RSA can be finitely axiomatized. We will show, that the answer is positive. More concretely, we will prove, that RSA is a finitely axiomatizable quasi-variety. The generated variety is also described. We note that RSA is the algebraic counterpart of a certain proportional multimodal logic and it is (...)
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  34. Nir Eyal & Till Bärnighausen (2012). Precommitting to Serve the Underserved. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):23-34.score: 30.0
    In many countries worldwide, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, a shortage of physicians limits the provision of lifesaving interventions. One existing strategy to increase the number of physicians in areas of critical shortage is conditioning medical school scholarships on a precommitment to work in medically underserved areas later. Current practice is usually to demand only one year of service for each year of funded studies. We show the effectiveness of scholarships conditional on such precommitment for increasing physician supplies in underserved areas. (...)
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  35. Gil Eyal (1996). The Discursive Origins of Israeli Separatism: The Case of the Arab Village. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 25 (3):389-429.score: 30.0
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  36. Maria Sagi (1994). A Survey in Hungary. World Futures 39 (1):47-64.score: 30.0
    (1994). A survey in Hungary. World Futures: Vol. 39, The Evolution of European Identity: Surveys of the Growing Edge A Report by the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 47-64.
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  37. Avi Sagi (1992). Halakhic Praxis and the Word of God: A Study of Two Models. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 1 (2):305-329.score: 30.0
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  38. Avi Sagi (1991). The Art of Existence. International Philosophical Quarterly 31 (4):473-484.score: 30.0
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  39. Gil Eyal (2000). Anti-Politics and the Spirit of Capitalism: Dissidents, Monetarists, and the Czech Transition to Capitalism. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 29 (1):49-92.score: 30.0
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  40. Gil Eyal (2002). Dangerous Liaisons Between Military Intelligence and Middle Eastern Studies in Israel. Theory and Society 31 (5):653-693.score: 30.0
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  41. Nir Eyal & Axel Gosseries (2013). Obamacare and Conscientious Objection. Ethical Perspectives 20 (1):109-117.score: 30.0
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  42. Gil Eyal, Iván Szélényi & Eleanor Townsley (2003). On Irony: An Invitation to Neoclassical Sociology. Thesis Eleven 73 (1):5-41.score: 30.0
    This article proffers an invitation to neoclassical sociology. This is understood as a Habermasian reconstruction of the fundamental vision of the discipline as conceptualized by classical theorists, particularly Weber. Taking the cases of Eastern and Central Europe as a laboratory, we argue against the idea of a single, homogenizing globalizing logic. Currently and historically what we see instead is a remarkable diversity of capitalist forms and destinations. Neither sociological theories of networks and embeddedness nor economic models of rational action adequately (...)
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  43. Nir Eyal (2008). What is It Like to Be a Bird? : Wikler and Brock on the Ethics of Population Health. In Ronald Michael Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
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  44. Avi Sagi (1991). The Existential Meaning of the Art of Theatre in Kierkegaard's Philosophy. Man and World 24 (4):461-470.score: 30.0
  45. Maria Sagi (1994). The Evolution of European Identity in Hungary. World Futures 39 (1):65-92.score: 30.0
    (1994). The evolution of European identity in Hungary. World Futures: Vol. 39, The Evolution of European Identity: Surveys of the Growing Edge A Report by the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 65-92.
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  46. Gábor Sági (2002). Ultraproducts and Higher Order Formulas. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (2):261-275.score: 30.0
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  47. Gábor Sági & Zalán Gyenis (2013). Upward Morley's Theorem Downward. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 59 (4-5):303-331.score: 30.0
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  48. Y. Tanaka & D. Sagi (1996). Long-Lasting Detection Facilitation Induced by Gabor Flankers. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. 53-54.score: 30.0
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  49. Gérard Bonnet, Mary Canning, Kai-Ming Cheng, Terry J. Crooks, Luis Crouch, Ori Eyal, Eva Forsberg, Phyllis Ghim-Lian Chew, Ratna Ghosh, Martin Gustafsson, Batia P. Horsky, Dan Inbar, Barbara M. Kehm, Stephen T. Kerr, Allan Luke, Ulf P. Lundgren, Robert W. McMeekin, Adam Nir, Peter Schrag, Hasan Simsek, Ryo Watanabe, Alison Wolf & Ali Yildirim (2010). Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform. R&L Education.score: 30.0
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  50. Dan Brock, Eric Cavallero, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Iwao Hirose, Adi Koplovitz, Martin McIvor, David Miller, Ole Norheim & Daniel Schwartz (2011). Shlomi Segall. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
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