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Profile: Frederick Ayala (Eindhoven University of Technology)
  1. Francisco J. Ayala, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory: On Stephen Jay Gould's Monumental Masterpiece.
    Stephen Jay Gould’s monumental The Structure of Evolutionary Theory ‘‘attempts to expand and alter the premises of Darwinism, in order to build an enlarged and distinctive evolutionary theory . . . while remaining within the tradition, and under the logic, of Darwinian argument.’’ The three branches or ‘‘fundamental principles of Darwinian logic’’ are, according to Gould: agency (natural selection acting on individual organisms), efficacy (producing new species adapted to their environments), and scope (accumulation of changes that through geological time yield (...)
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  2. C. J. Cela-Conde, E. Aguirre, F. J. Ayala, P. V. Tobias, D. Turbon, L. C. Aiello, M. Collard, M. Goodman, C. P. Groves & F. Clark Howell (forthcoming). Systematics of Humankind. Palma 2000: An International Working Group on Systematics in Human Paleontology. Ludus Vitalis.
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  3. Francisco Ayala (2010). What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics. In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to the capacity for ethics (i.e., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moral norms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. I herein propose: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution. Humans exhibit ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup (...)
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  4. Francisco J. Ayala (2010). Darwin and Intelligent Design. In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. 749-766.
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  5. Francisco J. Ayala (2010). Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  6. Francisco J. Ayala (2010). The Biological Foundations of Ethics. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (3):523 - 537.
    Erect posture and large brain are two of the most significant anatomical traits that distinguish us from nonhuman primates. But humans are also different from chimpanzees and other animals, and no less importantly, in their behavior, both as individuals and socially. Distinctive human behavioral attributes include tool-making and technology; abstract thinking, categorizing, and reasoning; symbolic (creative) language; self-awareness and death-awareness; science, literature, and art; legal codes, ethics and religion; complex social organization and political institutions. These traits may all be said (...)
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  7. Francisco J. Ayala (2010). There is No Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology : Intelligent Design is Not Science. In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell Pub.. 364--390.
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  8. Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) (2010). Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
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  9. F. Ayala (2009). En el centenario de Darwin. Ludus Vitalis 17 (32):1-16.
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  10. Francisco J. Ayala (2009). Masters. Causality and Design : Teleological Explanations in the Living World. In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.
     
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  11. Francisco J. Ayala (2008). Ensayo sobre las bases biológicas del comportamiento moral. Estudios Filosóficos 57 (165):225-246.
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  12. Francisco J. Ayala (2008). Icons of Evolution An Encyclopedia of People, Evidence, and Controversies.(2008). Editor Brian Regal. Greenwood Press. Hardback, 687 Pp. ISBN: 978‐0‐313‐33911‐0. [REVIEW] Bioessays 30 (11‐12):1252-1253.
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  13. Vladimir Cachón, Ana Barahona & Francisco J. Ayala (2008). The Rhetorical Construction of Eldredge and Gould's Article on the Theory of Punctuated Equilibria in 1972. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3/4):317 - 337.
    This article seeks to show how several rhetorical tools were used and, in fact, played a central role in the argumentation advanced by Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould in their 1972 seminal article on the theory of Punctuated Equilibria. It is analyzed how Eldredge and Gould proceeded through three steps that, sequentially integrated, made their argument compelling. It is shown how they made use of analogies, metaphors and other rhetorical tools. It is sustained that they began by priming the (...)
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  14. Francisco J. Ayala (2007). Human Evolution: The Three Grand Challenges of Human Biology. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  15. Francisco J. Ayala (2007). The Vatican and Evolution. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):225 - 229.
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  16. John S. Wilkins, Walter M. Fitch & Francisco J. Ayala (2007). Systematics and the Origin of Species: On Ernst Mayr's 100th Anniversary. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):603-610.
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  17. Francisco Ayala (2006). Biology to Ethics: An Evolutionist's View of Human Nature. In Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. Cambridge University Press. 141--158.
     
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  18. Francisco J. Ayala (2006). Evolution Vs. Creationism. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (1):71 - 82.
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  19. Francisco J. Ayala (2006). The Blasphemy of Intelligent Design. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (3):409 - 421.
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  20. Francisco J. Ayala (2006). The Politics of Science. BioScience 56 (1):78.
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  21. Fernando Caloca Ayala & María Teresa Padilla Longoria (2005). HG Gadamer, La filosofía griega y el pensamiento moderno (1978). la Lámpara de Diógenes 6 (11):131-136.
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  22. Fernando Caloca Ayala & María Teresa Padilla Longoria (2005). HG Gadamer, Verdad y Método, introducción. la Lámpara de Diógenes 6 (11):137-141.
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  23. Francisco J. Ayala (2005). Life: The Short(Er) Version. BioScience 55 (9):801.
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  24. Ana Barahonas, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala (2005). Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273 - 299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  25. Jessica L. Green, Alan Hastings, Peter Arzberger, Francisco J. Ayala, Kathryn L. Cottingham, Kim Cuddington, Frank Davis, Jennifer A. Dunne, Marie-josée Fortin, Leah Gerber & Michael Neubert (2005). Complexity in Ecology and Conservation: Mathematical, Statistical, and Computational Challenges. BioScience 55 (6):501.
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  26. Francisco Rodríguez‐Trelles, Rosa Tarrío & Francisco J. Ayala (2005). Is Ectopic Expression Caused by Deregulatory Mutations or Due to Gene‐Regulation Leaks with Evolutionary Potential? Bioessays 27 (6):592-601.
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  27. F. J. Ayala (2004). Ernst Mayr 1904. Ludus Vitalis 12:1-245.
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  28. Francisco Ayala (2004). In William Paley's Shadow: Darwin's Explanation of Design. Ludus Vitalis 12 (21):50-66.
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  29. Francisco Ayala (2004). What Makes Biology Unique? Ernst Mayr at 100. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):243 - 256.
  30. Francisco J. Ayala (2003). Intelligent Design: The Original Version. Theology and Science 1 (1):9-32.
    William Paley ( Natural Theology , 1802) developed the argument-from-design. The complex structure of the human eye evinces that it was designed by an intelligent Creator. The argument is based on the irreducible complexity ("relation") of multiple interacting parts, all necessary for function. Paley adduces a wealth of biological examples leading to the same conclusion; his knowledge of the biology of his time was profound and extensive. Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is an extended argument demonstrating that the "design" of (...)
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  31. Francisco J. Ayala (2000). An American Malaise: The Debate Between Darwin and Christian Fundamentalism. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):273 - 293.
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  32. Francisco J. Ayala (2000). Debating Darwin. Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):559-573.
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  33. Francisco J. Ayala (2000). Evolution of Biological Diversity. Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
  34. Francisco José Ayala (2000). ¿ Desde África? Una perspectiva de los elementos poblacionales en la aparición de los seres humanos modernos. Ludus Vitalis 8 (13):135-156.
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  35. Francisco J. Ayala (1999). Adaptation and Novelty: Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (1):3 - 33.
    Knives, birds' wings, and mountain slopes are used for certain purposes: cutting, flying, and climbing. A bird's wings have in common with knives that they have been 'designed' for the purpose they serve, which purpose accounts for their existence, whereas mountain slopes have come about by geological processes independently of their uses for climbing. A bird's wings differ from a knife in that they have not been designed or produced by any conscious agent; rather, the wings, like the slopes, are (...)
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  36. Francisco J. Ayala (1999). Molecular Clock Mirages. Bioessays 21 (1):71-75.
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  37. Francisco J. Ayala (1998). Biology Precedes, Culture Transcends: An Evolutionist's View of Human Nature. Zygon 33 (4):507-523.
  38. Francisco J. Ayala (1998). Teleological Explanations Versus Teleology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):41 - 50.
  39. Francisco J. Ayala (1997). Genetics and the Origin of Species: National Academy of Sciences Colloquium, Irvine, California, 30 January‐1 February, 1997. [REVIEW] Bioessays 19 (7):651-652.
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  40. Francisco J. Ayala (1995). Adam, Eve, and Other Ancestors: A Story of Human Origins Told by Genes. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):303 - 313.
  41. Francisco J. Ayala (1994). Las reglas del juego de la vida, o¿ existe progreso en la evolución biológica? Ludus Vitalis 2 (2):5-233.
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  42. Francisco J. Ayala (1994). On the Scientific Method, Its Practice and Pitfalls. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):205 - 240.
    This paper sets forth a familiar theme, that science essentially consists of two interdependent episodes, one imaginative, the other critical. Hypotheses and other imaginative conjectures are the initial stage of scientific inquiry because they provide the incentive to seek the truth and a clue as to where to find it. But scientific conjectures must be subject to critical examination and empirical testing. There is a dialogue between the two episodes; observations made to test a hypothesis are the inspiration for new (...)
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  43. A. A. Abrahamsen, D. M. Armstrong, V. H. Auerbach, R. Avenarius, F. J. Ayala, Ke Von Baer, D. A. Bantz, H. Barlow, E. Buchner & T. Burge (1992). Cleeremans, A. 282 Cotman, CW 229 Creary, LG 59 F.(N. 16), 70 (N. 26) Crick, F. 227 Crow, TJ 233. In Ansgar Beckermann, H. Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism. W. De Gruyter.
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  44. Michel Tibayrenc, Finn Kjellberg & Francisco J. Ayala (1991). The Clonal Theory of Parasitic Protozoa. BioScience 41 (11):767-774.
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  45. Francisco J. Ayala (1989). Genetic Mixing. BioScience 39 (1):45-46.
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  46. Francisco J. Ayala (1989). Genetic Mixing Origins of Sex: Three Billion Years of Genetic Recombination L. Margulis D. Sagan. BioScience 39 (1):45-46.
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  47. Francisco J. Ayala (1989). Thermodynamics, Information, and Evolution: The Problem of Reductionism. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 11 (1):115 - 120.
  48. Francisco J. Ayala (1988). Creation/Evolution Controversies Science and Earth History: The Evolution/Creation Controversy A. N. Strahler. BioScience 38 (10):705-707.
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  49. Francisco J. Ayala (1988). Darwin and the Bible. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (1):137 - 144.
  50. Francisco J. Ayala (1988). The Nature of Scientific Discovery. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (1):129 - 136.
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