Search results for 'Facial Expressions' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Galina V. Paramei David L. Bimler, Slawomir J. Skwarek (2013). Processing Facial Expressions of Emotion: Upright Vs. Inverted Images. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 90.0
    We studied discrimination of briefly presented Upright vs. Inverted emotional facial expressions (FEs), hypothesising that inversion would impair emotion decoding by disrupting holistic FE processing. Stimuli were photographs of seven emotion prototypes, of a male and female poser (Ekman and Friesen, 1976), and eight intermediate morphs in each set. Subjects made speeded Same/Different judgements of emotional content for all Upright (U) or Inverted (I) pairs of FEs, presented for 500 ms, 100 times each pair. Signal Detection Theory revealed (...)
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  2. Luigi Trojano Massimiliano Conson, Marta Ponari, Eva Monteforte, Giusy Ricciato, Marco Sarà, Dario Grossi (2013). Explicit Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions is Shaped by Expertise: Evidence From Professional Actors. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 90.0
    Can reading others’ emotional states be shaped by expertise? We assessed processing of emotional facial expressions in professional actors trained either to voluntary activate mimicry to reproduce character’s emotions (as foreseen by the “Mimic Method”), or to infer others’ inner states from reading the emotional context (as foreseen by “Stanislavski Method”). In explicit recognition of facial expressions (Experiment 1), the two experimental groups differed from each other and from a control group with no acting experience: the (...)
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  3. Yossi Zana William E. Comfort, Meng Wang, Christopher P. Benton (2013). Processing of Fear and Anger Facial Expressions: The Role of Spatial Frequency. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 90.0
    Spatial frequency (SF) components encode a portion of the affective value expressed in face images. The aim of this study was to estimate the relative weight of specific frequency spectrum bandwidth on the discrimination of anger and fear facial expressions. The general paradigm was a classification of the expression of faces morphed at varying proportions between anger and fear images in which SF adaptation and SF subtraction are expected to shift classification of facial emotion. A series of (...)
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  4. Verena Willenbockel, Franco Lepore, Dang Khoa Nguyen, Alain Bouthillier & Frédéric Gosselin (2012). Spatial Frequency Tuning During the Conscious and Non-Conscious Perception of Emotional Facial Expressions – An Intracranial ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 90.0
    Previous studies have shown that complex visual stimuli, such as emotional facial expressions, can influence brain activity independently of the observers’ awareness. Little is known yet, however, about the “informational correlates” of consciousness—i.e., which low-level information correlates with brain activation during conscious vs. non-conscious perception. Here, we investigated this question in the spatial frequency (SF) domain. We examined which SFs in disgusted and fearful facial expressions modulate activation in the insula and amygdala over time and as (...)
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  5. Xiaoqing Gao, Daphne Maurer & Mayu Nishimura (2013). Altered Representation of Facial Expressions After Early Visual Deprivation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 78.0
    We investigated the effects of early visual deprivation on the underlying representation of the six basic emotions. Using multi-dimensional scaling (MDS), we compared the similarity judgments of adults who had missed early visual input because of bilateral congenital cataracts to control adults with normal vision. Participants made similarity judgments of the six basic emotional expressions, plus neutral, at three different intensities. Consistent with previous studies, the similarity judgments of typical adults could be modeled with four underlying dimensions, which can (...)
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  6. U. Dimberg, M. Thunberg & K. Elmehed (2000). Unconscious Facial Reactions to Emotional Facial Expressions. Psychological Science 11 (1):86-89.score: 75.0
  7. Catherine M. Herba, Maike Heining, Andrew W. Young, Michael Browning, Philip J. Benson, Mary L. Phillips & Jeffrey A. Gray (2007). Conscious and Nonconscious Discrimination of Facial Expressions. Visual Cognition 15 (1):36-47.score: 75.0
  8. John D. Eastwood & Daniel Smilek (2005). Functional Consequences of Perceiving Facial Expressions of Emotion Without Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):565-584.score: 75.0
  9. Robert P. Abelson & Vello Sermat (1962). Multidimensional Scaling of Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (6):546.score: 75.0
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  10. Harold Schlosberg (1952). The Description of Facial Expressions in Terms of Two Dimensions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):229.score: 75.0
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  11. Piia Astikainen, Fengyu Cong, Tapani Ristaniemi & Jari K. Hietanen (2013). Event-Related Potentials to Unattended Changes in Facial Expressions: Detection of Regularity Violations or Encoding of Emotions? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 75.0
  12. Trygg Engen & Nissim Levy (1956). Constant-Sum Judgments of Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (6):396.score: 75.0
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  13. Trygg Engen, Nissim Levy & Harold Schlosberg (1958). The Dimensional Analysis of a New Series of Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (5):454.score: 75.0
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  14. Elaine Fox (2002). Processing Emotional Facial Expressions: The Role of Anxiety and Awareness. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 2 (1):52-63.score: 75.0
  15. Silvia Magrelli, Patrick Jermann, Basilio Noris, François Ansermet, François Hentsch, Jacqueline Nadel & Aude Billard (2013). Social Orienting of Children with Autism to Facial Expressions and Speech: A Study with a Wearable Eye-Tracker in Naturalistic Settings. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 75.0
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  16. H. Scholsberg (1941). A Scale for the Judgment of Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (6):497.score: 75.0
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  17. Lennart Sjoberg (1968). Unidimensional Scaling of Multidimensional Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (3p1):429.score: 75.0
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  18. Eeva Anita Elliott & Arthur M. Jacobs (2013). Facial Expressions, Emotions, and Sign Languages. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 74.0
    Facial expressions are used by humans to convey various types of meaning in various contexts. The range of meanings spans basic possibly innate socio-emotional concepts such as ‘surprise’ to complex and culture specific concepts such as ‘carelessly’. The range of contexts in which humans use facial expressions spans responses to events in the environment to particular linguistic constructions within sign languages. In this mini review we summarize findings on the use and acquisition of facial (...) by signers and present a unified account of the range of facial expressions used by positing three dimensions; semantic, iconic and compositional. (shrink)
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  19. R. Kitada, Y. Okamoto, A. T. Sasaki, T. Kochiyama, M. Miyahara, S. J. Lederman & N. Sadato (2012). Early Visual Experience and the Recognition of Basic Facial Expressions: Involvement of the Middle Temporal and Inferior Frontal Gyri During Haptic Identification by the Early Blind. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:7-7.score: 74.0
    Face perception is critical for social communication. Given its fundamental importance in the course of evolution, the innate neural mechanisms can anticipate the computations necessary for representing faces. However, the effect of visual deprivation on the formation of neural mechanisms that underlie face perception is largely unknown. We previously showed that sighted individuals can recognize basic facial expressions by haptics surprisingly well. Moreover, the inferior frontal gyrus and posterior superior temporal sulcus in the sighted subjects are involved in (...)
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  20. Caterina Artuso, Paola Palladino & Paola Ricciardelli (2012). How Do We Update Faces? Effects of Gaze Direction and Facial Expressions on Working Memory Updating. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 72.0
    The aim of the study was to investigate how the biological binding between different facial dimensions, and their social and communicative relevance, may impact updating processes in working memory (WM). We focused on WM updating because it plays a key role in ongoing processing. Gaze direction and facial expression are crucial and changeable components of face processing. Direct gaze enhances the processing of approach-oriented facial emotional expressions (e.g. joy), while averted gaze enhances the processing of avoidance-oriented (...)
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  21. Paola Ricciardelli Caterina Artuso, Paola Palladino (2012). How Do We Update Faces? Effects of Gaze Direction and Facial Expressions on Working Memory Updating. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 72.0
    The aim of the study was to investigate how the biological binding between different facial dimensions, and their social and communicative relevance, may impact updating processes in working memory (WM). We focused on WM updating because it plays a key role in ongoing processing. Gaze direction and facial expression are crucial and changeable components of face processing. Direct gaze enhances the processing of approach-oriented facial emotional expressions (e.g. joy), while averted gaze enhances the processing of avoidance-oriented (...)
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  22. Geoff Hammond Michelle Marneweck, Andrea Loftus (2013). Psychophysical Measures of Sensitivity to Facial Expression of Emotion. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 66.0
    We report the development of two simple, objective, psychophysical measures of the ability to discriminate facial expressions of emotion that vary in intensity from a neutral facial expression and to discriminate between varying intensities of emotional facial expression. The stimuli were created by morphing photographs of models expressing four basic emotions, anger, disgust, happiness and sadness with neutral expressions. Psychometric functions were obtained for 15 healthy young adults using the Method of Constant Stimuli with a (...)
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  23. Pascal Vrticka, Samanta Simioni, Eleonora Fornari, Myriam Schluep, Patrik Vuilleumier & David Sander (2013). Neural Substrates of Social Emotion Regulation: A fMRI Study on Imitation and Expressive Suppression to Dynamic Facial Signals. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 63.0
    Emotion regulation is crucial for successfully engaging in social interactions. Yet, little is known about the neural mechanisms controlling behavioral responses to emotional expressions perceived in the face of other people, which constitute a key element of interpersonal communication. Here, we investigated brain systems involved in social emotion perception and regulation, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 20 healthy participants who saw dynamic facial expressions of either happiness or sadness, and were asked to either imitate the (...)
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  24. Axel Cleeremans, Change Blindness to Gradual Changes in Facial Expressions.score: 60.0
    Change blindness—our inability to detect changes in a stimulus—occurs even when the change takes place gradually, without disruption (Simons et al., 2000). Such gradual changes are more difficult to detect than changes that involve a disruption. In this experiment, we extend previous findings to the domain of facial expressions of emotions occurring in the context of a realistic scene. Even with changes occurring in central, highly relevant stimuli such as faces, gradual changes still produced high levels of change (...)
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  25. Carl L. von Baeyer (2002). Children's Facial Expressions of Pain in the Context of Complex Social Interactions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):473-474.score: 60.0
    In children experiencing pain, the study of the social context of facial expressions might help to evaluate evolutionary and conditioning hypotheses of behavioural development. Social motivations and influences may be complex, as seen in studies of children having their ears pierced, and in studies of everyday pain in children. A study of opposing predictions of the long-term effects of parental caregiving is suggested.
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  26. Zsófia Ruttkay (2009). Cultural Dialects of Real and Synthetic Emotional Facial Expressions. AI and Society 24 (3):307-315.score: 60.0
    In this article we discuss the aspects of designing facial expressions for virtual humans (VHs) with a specific culture. First we explore the notion of cultures and its relevance for applications with a VH. Then we give a general scheme of designing emotional facial expressions, and identify the stages where a human is involved, either as a real person with some specific role, or as a VH displaying facial expressions. We discuss how the display (...)
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  27. Roberto Caldara (2010). Beyond Smiles: The Impact of Culture and Race in Embodying and Decoding Facial Expressions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):438-439.score: 60.0
    Understanding the very nature of the smile with an integrative approach and a novel model is a fertile ground for a new theoretical vision and insights. However, from this perspective, I challenge the authors to integrate culture and race in their model, because both factors would impact upon the embodying and decoding of facial expressions.
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  28. Linda A. Camras & Jennifer M. Shutter (2010). Emotional Facial Expressions in Infancy. Emotion Review 2 (2):120-129.score: 60.0
    In this article, we review empirical evidence regarding the relationship between facial expression and emotion during infancy. We focus on differential emotions theory’s view of this relationship because of its theoretical and methodological prominence. We conclude that current evidence fails to support its proposal regarding a set of pre-specified facial expressions that invariably reflect a corresponding set of discrete emotions in infants. Instead, the relationship between facial expression and emotion appears to be more complex. Some (...) expressions may have different meanings in infants than in children and adults. In addition, nonemotion factors may sometimes lead to the production of “emotional” facial expressions. We consider alternative perspectives on the nature of emotion and emotional expression in infancy with particular focus on differentiation and dynamical systems approaches. (shrink)
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  29. Ran R. Hassin, Hillel Aviezer & Shlomo Bentin (2013). Inherently Ambiguous: Facial Expressions of Emotions, in Context. Emotion Review 5 (1):60-65.score: 60.0
    With a few yet increasing number of exceptions, the cognitive sciences enthusiastically endorsed the idea that there are basic facial expressions of emotions that are created by specific configurations of facial muscles. We review evidence that suggests an inherent role for context in emotion perception. Context does not merely change emotion perception at the edges; it leads to radical categorical changes. The reviewed findings suggest that configurations of facial muscles are inherently ambiguous, and they call for (...)
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  30. Andrea Kobiella, Tobias Grossmann, Vincent M. Reid & Tricia Striano (2008). The Discrimination of Angry and Fearful Facial Expressions in 7-Month-Old Infants: An Event-Related Potential Study. Cognition and Emotion 22 (1):134-146.score: 60.0
    (2008). The discrimination of angry and fearful facial expressions in 7-month-old infants: An event-related potential study. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 134-146.
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  31. Vanessa LoBue, Judy S. DeLoache & Jacob Miguel Vigil (2009). On the Detection of Emotional Facial Expressions: Are Girls Really Better Than Boys? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):397.score: 60.0
    One facet of Vigil's socio-relational framework of expressive behaviors (SRFB) suggests that females are more sensitive to facial expressions than are males, and should detect facial expressions more quickly. A re-examination of recent research with children demonstrates that girls do detect various facial expressions more quickly than do boys. Although this provides support for SRFB, further examination of SRFB in children would lend important support this evolutionary-based theory.
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  32. Silvia Rigato & Teresa Farroni (2013). The Role of Gaze in the Processing of Emotional Facial Expressions. Emotion Review 5 (1):36-40.score: 60.0
    Gaze plays a fundamental role in the processing of facial expressions from birth. Gaze direction is a crucial part of the social signal encoded in and decoded from faces. The ability to discriminate gaze direction, already evident early in life, is essential for the development of more complex socially relevant tasks, such as joint and shared attention. At the same time, facial expressions play a fundamental role in the encoding of gaze direction and, when combined, expression (...)
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  33. Jennifer M. Shutter & Linda A. Camras (2010). Complexities in the Study of Infant Emotional Facial Expressions. Emotion Review 2 (2):137-138.score: 60.0
    In the target article, we reviewed empirical evidence regarding the relationship between facial expressions and emotion in infancy. In our response to commentators, we make three main points. First, we concur with Hertenstein that the field has thus far relied too heavily on deductive reasoning, and suggest that future research strike a balance between inductive and deductive reasoning. Second, we maintain that infant recognition of discrete emotions remains an open question. Third, we state our position regarding the revised (...)
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  34. Paul J. Whalen, Hannah Raila, Randi Bennett, Alison Mattek, Annemarie Brown, James Taylor, Michelle van Tieghem, Alexandra Tanner, Matthew Miner & Amy Palmer (2013). Neuroscience and Facial Expressions of Emotion: The Role of Amygdala–Prefrontal Interactions. Emotion Review 5 (1):78-83.score: 60.0
    The aim of this review is to show the fruitfulness of using images of facial expressions as experimental stimuli in order to study how neural systems support biologically relevant learning as it relates to social interactions. Here we consider facial expressions as naturally conditioned stimuli which, when presented in experimental paradigms, evoke activation in amygdala–prefrontal neural circuits that serve to decipher the predictive meaning of the expressions. Facial expressions offer a relatively innocuous strategy (...)
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  35. Sherri C. Widen (2013). Children's Interpretation of Facial Expressions: The Long Path From Valence-Based to Specific Discrete Categories. Emotion Review 5 (1):72-77.score: 60.0
    According to a common sense theory, facial expressions signal specific emotions to people of all ages and therefore provide children easy access to the emotions of those around them. The evidence, however, does not support that account. Instead, children’s understanding of facial expressions is poor and changes qualitatively and slowly over the course of development. Initially, children divide facial expressions into two simple categories (feels good, feels bad). These broad categories are then gradually differentiated (...)
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  36. Anna Wierzbicka (2000). The Semantics of Human Facial Expressions. Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):147-184.score: 60.0
    This paper points out that a major shift of paradigm is currently going on in the study of the human face and it seeks to articulate and to develop the fundamental assumptions underlying this shift. The main theses of the paper are: 1) Facial expressions can convey meanings comparable to the meanings of verbal utterances. 2) Semantic analysis (whether of verbal utterances or of facial expressions) must distinguish between the context-independent invariant and its contextual interpretations. 3) (...)
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  37. Simon van Rysewyk (2009). Comment On: Unconscious Affective Processing and Empathy: An Investigation of Subliminal Priming on the Detection of Painful Facial Expressions [Pain 2009; 1–2: 71–75]. PAIN 145:364-366.score: 59.0
  38. Eva G. Krumhuber, Arvid Kappas & Antony S. R. Manstead (2013). Effects of Dynamic Aspects of Facial Expressions: A Review. Emotion Review 5 (1):41-46.score: 57.0
    A key feature of facial behavior is its dynamic quality. However, most previous research has been limited to the use of static images of prototypical expressive patterns. This article explores the role of facial dynamics in the perception of emotions, reviewing relevant empirical evidence demonstrating that dynamic information improves coherence in the identification of affect (particularly for degraded and subtle stimuli), leads to higher emotion judgments (i.e., intensity and arousal), and helps to differentiate between genuine and fake (...). The findings underline that using static expressions not only poses problems of ecological validity, but also limits our understanding of what facial activity does. Implications for future research on facial activity, particularly for social neuroscience and affective computing, are discussed. (shrink)
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  39. Jan Oliver Huelle, Benjamin Sack, Katja Broer, Irina Komlewa & Silke Anders (forthcoming). Unsupervised Learning of Facial Emotion Recognition: A Possible Mechanism for Life-Long Tuning of Facial Emotion Decoding Skills. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.score: 54.0
    Research on the neural mechanisms underlying human facial emotion recognition has long focussed on genetically determined neural algorithms and often neglected the question of how these algorithms might be tuned by social learning. Here we show that facial emotion decoding skills can be significantly and sustainably improved by practise without an external teaching signal. Participants saw video clips of dynamic facial expressions of five women and were asked to decide which of four possible emotions (anger, disgust, (...)
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  40. Michael A. Webster Igor Juricevic (2012). Selectivity of Face Aftereffects for Expressions and Anti-Expressions. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 54.0
    Adapting to a facial expression can alter the perceived expression of subsequently viewed faces. However, it remains unclear whether this adaptation affects each expression independently or transfers from one expression to another, and whether this transfer impedes or enhances responses to a different expression. To test for these interactions, we probed the basic expressions of anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, and disgust, adapting to one expression and then testing on all six. Each expression was varied in strength by (...)
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  41. Peter Weyers Katja U. Likowski, Andreas Mühlberger, Antje B. M. Gerdes, Matthias J. Wieser, Paul Pauli (2012). Facial Mimicry and the Mirror Neuron System: Simultaneous Acquisition of Facial Electromyography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 54.0
    Numerous studies have shown that humans automatically react with congruent facial reactions, i.e. facial mimicry, when seeing a vis-á-vis’ facial expressions. The current experiment is the first investigating the neuronal structures responsible for differences in the occurrence of such facial mimicry reactions by simultaneously measuring BOLD and facial EMG in an MRI scanner. Therefore, 20 female students viewed emotional facial expressions (happy, sad, and angry) of male and female avatar characters. During Differentiation (...)
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  42. Beatrice de Gelder Mariska E. Kret, Jeroen J. Stekelenburg, Karin Roelofs (2013). Perception of Face and Body Expressions Using Electromyography, Pupillometry and Gaze Measures. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 54.0
    Traditional emotion theories stress the importance of the face in the expression of emotions but bodily expressions are becoming increasingly important. Here we tested the hypothesis that similar physiological responses can be evoked by observing emotional face and body signals and that the reaction to angry signals is amplified in anxious individuals. We designed three experiments in which participants categorized emotional expressions from isolated facial and bodily expressions and from emotionally congruent and incongruent face-body compounds. Participants’ (...)
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  43. Isabelle Jalenques Martial Mermillod, Damien Devaux, Philippe Derost, Isabelle Rieu, Patrick Chambres, Catherine Auxiette, Guillaume Legrand, Fabienne Galland, Hélène Dalens, Louise Marie Coulangeon, Emmanuel Broussolle, Franck Durif (2013). Rapid Presentation of Emotional Expressions Reveals New Emotional Impairments in Tourette's Syndrome. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 54.0
    Objective: Based on a variety of empirical evidence obtained within the theoretical framework of embodiment theory, we considered it likely that motor disorders in Tourette’s syndrome (TS) would have emotional consequences for TS patients. However, previous research using emotional facial categorization tasks suggests that these consequences are limited to TS patients with obsessive-compulsive behaviors(OCB). Method: These studies used long stimulus presentations which allowed the participants to categorize the different emotional facial expressions (EFEs) on the basis of a (...)
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  44. Beatrice de Gelder Bernard M. C. Stienen (2011). Fear Modulates Visual Awareness Similarly for Facial and Bodily Expressions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 53.0
    Background Social interaction depends on a multitude of signals carrying information about the emotional state of others. Past research has focused on the perception of facial expressions while perception of whole body signals has only been studied recently. The relative importance of facial and bodily signals is still poorly understood. In order to better understand the relative contribution of affective signals from the face only or from the rest of the body we used a binocular rivalry experiment. (...)
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  45. W. S. Hulin & D. Katz (1935). The Frois-Wittmann Pictures of Facial Expression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (4):482.score: 51.0
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  46. Michela Balconi & Claudio Lucchiari (2007). Consciousness and Emotional Facial Expression Recognition: Subliminal/Supraliminal Stimulation Effect on N200 and P300 ERPs. [REVIEW] Journal of Psychophysiology 21 (2):100-108.score: 51.0
  47. Beatrice de Gelder (2005). Nonconscious Emotions: New Findings and Perspectives on Nonconscious Facial Expression Recognition and its Voice and Whole-Body Contexts. In Lisa Feldman Barrett, Paula M. Niedenthal & Piotr Winkielman (eds.), Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press. 123-149.score: 51.0
  48. Nissim Levy & Harold Schlosberg (1960). Woodworth Scale Values of the Lightfoot Pictures of Facial Expression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (2):121.score: 51.0
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  49. Kazuo Okanoya Yoshi-Taka Matsuda, Tomomi Fujimura, Kentaro Katahira, Masato Okada, Kenichi Ueno, Kang Cheng (2013). The Implicit Processing of Categorical and Dimensional Strategies: An fMRI Study of Facial Emotion Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 51.0
    Our understanding of facial emotion perception has been dominated by two seemingly opposing theories: the categorical and dimensional theories. However, we have recently demonstrated that hybrid processing involving both categorical and dimensional perception can be induced in an implicit manner (Fujimura et al., 2012). The underlying neural mechanisms of this hybrid processing remain unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that separate neural loci might intrinsically encode categorical and dimensional processing functions that serve as a basis for hybrid (...)
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  50. Paula M. Niedenthal, Martial Mermillod, Marcus Maringer & Ursula Hess (2010). The Simulation of Smiles (SIMS) Model: Embodied Simulation and the Meaning of Facial Expression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):417.score: 50.0
    Recent application of theories of embodied or grounded cognition to the recognition and interpretation of facial expression of emotion has led to an explosion of research in psychology and the neurosciences. However, despite the accelerating number of reported findings, it remains unclear how the many component processes of emotion and their neural mechanisms actually support embodied simulation. Equally unclear is what triggers the use of embodied simulation versus perceptual or conceptual strategies in determining meaning. The present article integrates behavioral (...)
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