Search results for 'Fallacies (Logic' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  41
    David Hitchcock (2000). Fallacies and Formal Logic in Aristotle. History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (3):207-221.
    The taxonomy and analysis of fallacies in Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations pre-date the formal logic of his Prior Analytics A4-6. Of the 64 fully described examples of ?sophistical refutations? which are fallacious because they are only apparently valid, 49 have the wrong number of premisses or the wrong form of premiss or conclusion for analysis by the Prior Analytics theory of the categorical syllogism. The rest Aristotle either frames so that they do not look like categorical syllogisms or analyses in (...)
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  2.  6
    Momme von Sydow (forthcoming). Towards a Pattern-Based Logic of Probability Judgements and Logical Inclusion “Fallacies”. Thinking and Reasoning:1-39.
    ABSTRACTProbability judgements entail a conjunction fallacy if a conjunction is estimated to be more probable than one of its conjuncts. In the context of predication of alternative logical hypothesis, Bayesian logic provides a formalisation of pattern probabilities that renders a class of pattern-based CFs rational. BL predicts a complete system of other logical inclusion fallacies. A first test of this prediction is investigated here, using transparent tasks with clear set inclusions, varying in observed frequencies only. Experiment 1 uses data (...)
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  3. Alfred Sidgwick (1883). Fallacies a View of Logic From the Practical Side. K. Paul, Trench.
  4. J. Woods, A. Irvine & D. Walton (2002). Argument: Critical Thinking, Logic and the Fallacies (M. Hogan). Philosophical Books 43 (1):43-45.
     
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  5.  15
    Henry Bradford Smith (1921). On Certain Supposed Fallacies of the Classical Logic. The Monist 31 (2):304-309.
  6.  3
    Pieter Sjoerd Hasper (2009). Logic and Linguistics: Aristotle's Account of the Fallacies of Combination and Division in the Sophistical Refutations. Apeiron 42 (2):105-152.
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  7.  20
    Douglas Walton (2000). File of Fallacies: Alfred Sidgwick: A Little-Known Precursor of Informal Logic and Argumentation. [REVIEW] Argumentation 14 (2):175-179.
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  8.  47
    David Bell (1971). Fallacies in Predicate Logic? Mind 80 (317):145-147.
  9.  5
    Louis O. Mink (1971). David Hackett Fischer, "Historians' Fallacies; Toward a Logic of Historical Thought". [REVIEW] History and Theory 10 (1):107.
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  10.  14
    Leon J. Goldstein (1972). Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. Philosophia 2 (3):261-264.
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  11.  5
    Wesley Raymond Wells (1917). Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (24):653-660.
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  12.  4
    Edgar Sheffield Brightman (1918). Some Remarks on "Two Common Fallacies in the Logic of Religion". Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (3):71-76.
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  13. Alfred Sidgwick (1884). The Fallacies, a view of logic from the practical side. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 18:107-116.
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  14.  3
    T. Ball (1976). Book Reviews : Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. By David Hackett Fischer. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Pp. XXII + 338. $10.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):89-91.
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  15.  2
    George Englebretsen (1983). Argument: The Logic of the Fallacies John Woods and Douglas Walton Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1982. Pp. Xiv, 273. $12.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 22 (2):353-356.
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  16. Terence Ball (1976). "Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought" by David Hackett Fischer. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):89.
     
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  17. Ebbesen Sten (2001). The Way Fallacies Were Treated in Scholastic Logic. Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 55:107-134.
     
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  18.  7
    Frederick Rosen (2006). The Philosophy of Error and Liberty of Thought: J.S. Mill on Logical Fallacies. Informal Logic 26 (2):121-147.
    Most recent discussions of John Stuart Mill’s System of Logic (1843) neglect the fifth book concerned with logical fallacies. Mill not only follows the revival of interest in the traditional Aristotelian doctrine of fallacies in Richard Whately and Augustus De Morgan, but he also develops new categories and an original analysis which enhance the study of fallacies within the context of what he calls ‘the philosophy of error’. After an exploration of this approach, the essay relates the (...)
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  19.  51
    C. L. Hamblin (1970/1993). Fallacies. Vale Press.
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  20.  69
    Christopher W. Tindale (2007). Fallacies and Argument Appraisal. Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of (...), Tindale provides fuller treatments that recognize the dialectical and rhetorical contexts in which fallacies arise. This volume analyzes major fallacies through accessible, everyday examples. Critical questions are developed for each fallacy to help the student identify them and provided considered evaluations. (shrink)
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  21.  14
    Nancy Cavender (1978/2010). Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life. Wadsworth Pub. Co..
    This logic book puts critical-thinking skills into a context that you'll remember and use throughout your life.
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  22. Douglas N. Walton (1984). Logical Dialogue-Games and Fallacies. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  23. Douglas N. Walton (1987). Informal Fallacies: Towards a Theory of Argument Criticisms. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..
     
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  24.  31
    Howard Kahane (2001). Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life. Wadsworth Thomson Learning.
    [This book offers] compilation of examples from TV, newspapers, magazines, advertisements, and our nation's political dialogue.
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  25.  9
    David Hitchcock (2000). The Significance of Informal Logic for Philosophy. Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Informal logic is a new sub-discipline of philosophy, roughly definable as the philosophy of argument. Contributors have challenged the traditional concept of an argument as a premiss-conclusion complex, in favour of speech-act, functional and dialogical conceptions; they have identified as additional components warrants, modal qualifiers, rebuttals, and a dialectical tier. They have objected that "soundness" is neither necessary nor sufficient for a good argument. Alternative proposals include acceptability, relevance and sufficiency of the premisses; conformity to a valid argument schema; conformity (...)
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  26.  3
    Christopher Kirwan (1978). Logic and Argument. New York University Press.
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  27. Lambertus Marie de Rijk (1962). Logica Modernorum a Contribution to the History of Early Terminist Logic. Van Gorcum H. J. & H. M. G. Prakke.
     
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  28.  35
    Sten Ebbesen (1981). Commentators and Commentaries on Aristotle's Sophistici Elenchi: A Study of Post-Aristotelian Ancient and Medieval Writings on Fallacies. E.J. Brill.
    v. 1. The Greek tradition -- v. 2. Greek texts and fragments of the Latin translation of "Alexander's" commentary -- v. 3. Appendices, Danish summary, indices.
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  29. Aristotle (1866/1987). Aristotle on Fallacies, or, the Sophistici Elenchi. Garland.
  30. Nandita Bandyopadhyay (1977). The Concept of Logical Fallacies: Problems of Hetvābhāsa in Navya-Nyāya in the Light of Gaṅgeśa and Raghunātha Śiromaṇi. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
     
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  31. Steven Goldberg (2003). Fads and Fallacies in the Social Sciences. Humanity Books.
  32. Stephen Read (1993). Sophisms in Medieval Logic and Grammar Acts of the Ninth European Symposium for Medieval Logic and Semantics, Held at St. Andrews, June 1990.
  33.  55
    Audrey Yap (2013). Ad Hominem Fallacies, Bias, and Testimony. Argumentation 27 (2):97-109.
    An ad hominem fallacy is committed when an individual employs an irrelevant personal attack against an opponent instead of addressing that opponent’s argument. Many discussions of such fallacies discuss judgments of relevance about such personal attacks, and consider how we might distinguish those that are relevant from those that are not. This paper will argue that the literature on bias and testimony can helpfully contribute to that analysis. This will highlight ways in which biases, particularly unconscious biases, can (...)
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  34.  49
    Steven W. Patterson (2009). Review of Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. [REVIEW] Cogency 1 (1):139-147.
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  35.  50
    Bradley Dowden, Fallacies. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  36.  9
    Frans H. Van Eemeren (1995). A World of Difference: The Rich State of Argumentation Theory. Informal Logic 17 (2).
    This paper surveys the contributions to the study of argumentation in the two decades since the work of Toulmin and Perelman. Developments include Radical Argumentativism (Anscombre and Ducot), Communication and Rhetoric (American Speech Communication Theory), Informal Logic (Johnson and Blair), Formal Analyses of Fallacies (Woods and Walton), Formal Dialectics (Barth and Krabbe), and Pragma-Dialectics (van Eemeren and Grootendorst). From the survey it is concluded that argumentation theory has been considerably enriched. If the contributions can be made to converge, a (...)
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  37. J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson (1981). Informal Logic: The First International Symposium. Philosophy and Rhetoric 14 (4):251-253.
     
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  38. S. Morris Engel (1982). With Good Reason an Introduction to Informal Fallacies.
     
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  39. Stuart Chase (1959). Guides to Straight Thinking with Thirteen Common Fallacies. Phoenix House.
     
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  40. Robert Baum (1975). Logic. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    For more than twenty years, introductory logic students have relied on this text to provide clear lessons as well as practical applications of the discipline. Robert Baum emphasizes formal logic and utilizes such elements of popular culture as cartoons and advertisements to illustrate technical concepts. Logic, 4/e addresses all the basic concepts, including informal analysis of statements, arguments, Aristotelian logic, propositional logic, quantificational logic, enumerative induction, the scientific method, probability, informal fallacies, definitions, and applied logic. As with previous editions, (...)
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  41.  4
    Ralph Johnson (2011). The Coherence of Hamblin's Fallacies. Informal Logic 31 (4):305-317.
    Hamblin’s Fallacies remains one of the crucial documents in the development of informal logic and argumentation theory. His critique of traditional approaches to the fallacies (what he dubbed ‘The Standard Treatment’) helped to revitalize the study of fallacies. Recently I had occasion to reread Fallacies and came to the conclusion that some of my earlier criticisms (1989, 1990) had missed the real force of what was going on there, that I and others have perhaps not fully (...)
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  42. Frances Howard-Snyder (2012). The Power of Logic. Mcgraw-Hill.
    Basic concepts -- Identifying arguments -- Logic and language -- Informal fallacies -- Categorical logic: statements -- Categorical logic: syllogisms -- Statement logic: truth tables -- Statement logic: proofs -- Predicate logic -- Induction -- Probability.
     
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  43.  4
    Magdalena Kacprzak & Olena Yaskorska (2014). Dialogue Protocols for Formal Fallacies. Argumentation 28 (3):349-369.
    This paper presents a dialogue system called Lorenzen–Hamblin Natural Dialogue (LHND), in which participants can commit formal fallacies and have a method of both identifying and withdrawing formal fallacies. It therefore provides a tool for the dialectical evaluation of force of argument when players advance reasons which are deductively incorrect. The system is inspired by Hamblin’s formal dialectic and Lorenzen’s dialogical logic. It offers uniform protocols for Hamblin’s and Lorenzen’s dialogues and adds a protocol for embedding them. This (...)
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  44.  49
    John Corcoran, Meanings of Non Sequitur.
    Contrary to dictionaries, a non sequitur isn’t “any statement that doesn’t follow logically from previous statements”. Otherwise, every opening statement would be a non sequitur: a non sequitur is a statement claimed to follow from previous statements but that doesn’t follow. If the sentence making a given statement doesn’t contain ‘thus’, ‘so’, ‘hence’, ‘therefore’, or something else indicating an implication claim, the statement isn’t a non sequitur in this sense. But this is only one of several senses of that expression, (...)
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  45. Douglas N. Walton (2008). Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. Cambridge University Press.
    Informal Logic is an introductory guidebook to the basic principles of constructing sound arguments and criticizing bad ones. Non-technical in approach, it is based on 186 examples, which Douglas Walton, a leading authority in the field of informal logic, discusses and evaluates in clear, illustrative detail. Walton explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical responses. Among the (...)
     
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  46. Susanne Bobzien (2006). The Stoics on Fallacies of Equivocation. In D. Frede & B. Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press
    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the Stoic treatment of fallacies that are based on lexical ambiguities. It provides a detailed analysis of the relevant passages, lays bare textual and interpretative difficulties, explores what the Stoic view on the matter implies for their theory of language, and compares their view with Aristotle’s. In the paper I aim to show that, for the Stoics, fallacies of ambiguity are complexes of propositions and sentences and thus straddle the realms of meaning (...)
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  47. Douglas N. Walton (1992). Slippery Slope Arguments. Oxford University Press.
    A "slippery slope argument" is a type of argument in which a first step is taken and a series of inextricable consequences follow, ultimately leading to a disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Walton argues that used correctly in some cases, they can be a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. (...) identifies and analyzes four types of slippery slope argument. Walton presents guidelines that show how each type of slippery slope argument can be used correctly or incorrectly, using over fifty case studies of argumentation on controversial issues. These include abortion, medical research on human embryos, euthanasia, the decriminalization of marijuana, pornography, and censorship, and banning of American flag burning. (shrink)
     
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  48.  20
    Frans H. Eemeren & Rob Grootendorst (1987). Fallacies in Pragma-Dialectical Perspective. Argumentation 1 (3):283-301.
    In the pragma-dialectical approach, fallacies are considered incorrect moves in a discussion for which the goal is successful resolution of a dispute. Ten rules are given for effective conduct at the various stages of such a critical discussion (confrontation, opening, argumentation, concluding). Fallacies are discussed as violations of these rules, taking into account all speech acts which are traditionally recognized as fallacies. Special attention is paid to the role played by implicitness in (...) in everyday language use. It is stressed that identifying and acknowledging fallacies in ordinary discussions always has a conditional character. Differences between the pragma-dialectical perspective, the Standard Treatment, and the formal logic approach to fallacy analysis are discussed. (shrink)
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  49.  27
    Douglas Walton (2000). The Place of Dialogue Theory in Logic, Computer Science and Communication Studies. Synthese 123 (3):327-346.
    Dialogue theory, although it has ancient roots, was put forward in the 1970s in logic as astructure that can be useful for helping to evaluate argumentation and informal fallacies.Recently, however, it has been taken up as a broader subject of investigation in computerscience. This paper surveys both the historical and philosophical background of dialoguetheory and the latest research initiatives on dialogue theory in computer science. The main components of dialogue theory are briefly explained. Included is a classification of the (...)
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  50. Aristotle (2007). Le Confutazioni Sofistiche: Organon Vi. Laterza.
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