Search results for 'Feminism and science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. in Postcolonial Feminism (1996). The Science Question. In Paul R. Gross, N. Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.), The Flight From Science and Reason. The New York Academy of Sciences.score: 420.0
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  2. Bonnie Spanier (2000). Transforming Science Curricula in Higher Education: Feminist Contributions. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):467-480.score: 216.0
    Feminist contributions to the science curricula in higher education constitute invaluable but often overlooked resources for truly effective communication about science. Here I share a sampling of feminist science studies and discuss the origins of this effort to create inclusive and less biased science curricula that serve all students and citizens. Challenges from scientists center on assumptions and values about the appropriate relationship between science and politics, while challenges from educators extend to assumptions about how (...)
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  3. Evelyn Fox Keller & Helen E. Longino (eds.) (1996). Feminism and Science. Oxford University Press.score: 204.0
    (Series copy) The new Oxford Readings in Feminism series maps the dramatic influence of feminist theory on every branch of academic knowledge. Offering feminist perspectives on disciplines from history to science, each book assembles the most important articles written on its field in the last ten to fifteen years. Old stereotypes are challenged and traditional attitudes upset in these lively-- and sometimes controversial--volumes, all of which are edited by feminists prominent in their particular field. Comprehensive, accessible, and intellectually (...)
     
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  4. Sharon Crasnow (2008). Feminist Philosophy of Science: 'Standpoint' and Knowledge. [REVIEW] Science and Education 17 (10):1089-1110.score: 198.0
    Feminist philosophy of science has been criticized on several counts. On the one hand, it is claimed that it results in relativism of the worst sort since the political commitment to feminism is prima facie incompatible with scientific objectivity. On the other hand, when critics acknowledge that there may be some value in work that feminists have done, they comment that there is nothing particularly feminist about their accounts. I argue that both criticisms can be addressed through a (...)
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  5. Monica Aufrecht (2011). The Context Distinction: Controversies Over Feminist Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):373-392.score: 198.0
    The “context of discovery” and “context of justification” distinction has been used by Noretta Koertge and Lynn Hankinson Nelson in debates over the legitimacy of feminist approaches to philosophy of science. Koertge uses the context distinction to focus the conversation by barring certain approaches. I contend this focus masks points of true disagreement about the nature of justification. Nonetheless, Koertge raises important questions that have been too quickly set aside by some. I conclude that the context distinction should not (...)
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  6. Janet A. Kourany (2010). Philosophy of Science After Feminism. Oxford University Press.score: 198.0
    A feminist primer for philosophers of science -- The legacy of twentieth century philosophy of science -- What feminist science studies can offer -- Challenges from every direction -- The prospects of twenty-first century philosophy of science.
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  7. Sharyn Clough (2004). Having It All: Naturalized Normativity in Feminist Science Studies. Hypatia 19 (1):102-118.score: 192.0
    : The relationship between facts and values—in particular, naturalism and normativity—poses an ongoing challenge for feminist science studies. Some have argued that the fact/value holism of W.V. Quine's naturalized epistemology holds promise. I argue that Quinean epistemology, while appropriately naturalized, might weaken the normative force of feminist claims. I then show that Quinean epistemic themes are unnecessary for feminist science studies. The empirical nature of our work provides us with all the naturalized normativity we need.
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  8. Sharon Crasnow (2013). Feminist Philosophy of Science: Values and Objectivity. Philosophy Compass 8 (4):413-423.score: 192.0
    Feminist philosophy of science appears to present problems for the ideal of value-free science. These difficulties also challenge a traditional understanding of the objectivity of science. However, feminist philosophers of science have good reasons for desiring to retain some concept of objectivity. The present essay considers several recent and influential feminist approaches to the role of social and political values in science, with particular focus on feminist empiricism and feminist standpoint theory. The similarities and difference, (...)
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  9. Sharyn Clough (2013). Pragmatism and Embodiment as Resources for Feminist Interventions in Science. Contemporary Pragmatism 10 (2):121-134.score: 192.0
    Feminist theorists have shown that knowledge is embodied in ways that make a difference in science. Intemann properly endorses feminist standpoint theory over Longino’s empiricism, insofar as the former better addresses embodiment. I argue that a pragmatist analysis further improves standpoint theory: Pragmatism avoids the radical subjectivity that otherwise leaves us unable to account for our ability to share scientific knowledge across bodies of different kinds; and it allows us to argue for the inclusion, not just of the knowledge (...)
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  10. Sandra G. Harding & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.) (2003). Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 192.0
    This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Marx; on (...)
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  11. Elizabeth Potter (2006). Feminism and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 192.0
    Feminist perspectives have been increasingly influential on philosophy of science. Feminism and Philosophy of Science is designed to introduce the newcomer to the central themes, issues and arguments of this burgeoning area of study. Elizabeth Potter engages in a rigorous and well-organized study that takes in the views of key feminist theorists - Nelson, Wylie, Anderson, Longino and Harding - whose arguments exemplify contemporary feminist philosophy of science. The book is divided into six chapters looking at (...)
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  12. Matthew J. Brown & Joyce C. Havstad, The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change: A Feminist Pragmatist Perspective.score: 192.0
    We offer a critical analysis of the science and politics of global climate change from a feminist pragmatist perspective, with special attention to the interactions between science and policy. We find the current state of play in all three areas (science, policy, and the space of interaction between them) to be lacking. We attribute mutual responsibility for the current impasse in addressing the climate crisis. What is called for is an alternative framework for thinking about science (...)
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  13. Jane Duran (1998). Philosophies of Science/Feminist Theories. Westview Press.score: 192.0
    This book presents the current feminist critique of science and the philosophy of science in such a way that students of philosophy of science, philosophers, feminist theorists, and scientists will find the material accessible and intellectually rigorous.Contemporary feminist debate, as well as the debate brought on by the radical critics of science, assumes—incorrectly—that certain movements in philosophy of science and science-driven theory are understood in their dynamics as well as in their details. All too (...)
     
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  14. Bonnie Shulman (2000). Commentary on “Transforming Science Curricula in Higher Education: Feminist Contributions” (B. Spanier). Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):481-484.score: 186.0
  15. Margret Grebowicz (2005). Consensus, Dissensus, and Democracy: What Is at Stake in Feminist Science Studies? Philosophy of Science 72 (5):989-1000.score: 186.0
    If feminists argue for the irreducibility of the social dimensions of science, then they ought to embrace the idea that feminist and non-feminist scientists are not in collaboration, but in fact defend different interests. Instead, however, contemporary feminist science studies literature argues that feminist research improves particular, existing scientific enterprises, both epistemically (truer claims) and politically (more democratic methodologies and applications). I argue that the concepts of empirical success and democracy at work in this literature from Longino (1994) (...)
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  16. Kirsten Campbell (2004). The Promise of Feminist Reflexivities: Developing Donna Haraway's Project for Feminist Science Studies. Hypatia 19 (1):162-182.score: 180.0
    : This paper explores models of reflexive feminist science studies through the work of Donna Haraway. The paper argues that Haraway provides an important account of science studies that is both feminist and constructivist. However, her concepts of "situated knowledges" and "diffraction" need further development to be adequate models of feminist science studies. To develop this constructivist and feminist project requires a collective research program that engages with feminist reflexivity as a practice.
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  17. Helen E. Longino (1987). Can There Be A Feminist Science? Hypatia 2 (3):51 - 64.score: 180.0
    This paper explores a number of recent proposals regarding "feminist science" and rejects a content-based approach in favor of a process-based approach to characterizing feminist science. Philosophy of science can yield models of scientific reasoning that illuminate the interaction between cultural values and ideology and scientific inquiry. While we can use these models to expose masculine and other forms of bias, we can also use them to defend the introduction of assumptions grounded in feminist political values.
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  18. Maya J. Goldenberg, Resituating Evidence in Feminist Science Studies.score: 180.0
    This paper examines the conclusions that one must draw from the finding that there are values in science. The value-ladenness of scientific claims puts the nature and role of empirical evidence into question, as seen in recent discussions in the philosophy of medicine regarding evidence-based medicine and feminist science studies, which maintains the normativity of its feminist claims. Within the critical literature and debates surrounding evidence-based medicine (EBM), one finds a championing of the lessons learned from post-positivist (...) studies: the evidence-based effort to ground medical decision-making in the most rigorous sources of scientific evidence obscures the social values that necessarily enter into all decision-making contexts, the complex social context of clinical practice being no exception. The critics of EBM claim that to try to derive a formal methodology governed by pre-established rules, guidelines, and hierarchies of information misplaces the contextual and social features of biomedical knowledge and practice, thereby obscuring the power interests that so problematically dictate large factions of biomedical research and practice. Yet possible relativist implications follow from this finding, and we find that the EBM critics amply criticize EBM’s tacit theory of evidence, but then fail to formulate a constructive alternative theory of evidence within this fact-value interplay. After overviewing some such criticisms of evidence-based medicine, I turn to contemporary critical science studies, especially the feminist empiricism of Lynn Hankinson Nelson and Helen Longino, for workable alternative theories of evidence within a framework of normative scientific claims. I will suggest these theories fail to guide medical decision-making because of some undesirable consequences of Quinean fact-value holism: the denial that our values have logical content and are therefore not empirically examinable relativises even these nuanced conceptions of evidence. A naturalized look at how facts and values actually interact in medical decision-making suggests that this fact/value holism is not realistic. I provide an illustrative example of a physician devising a treatment recommendation for a patient to demonstrate that in practice, facts and values intermingle in the decision-making process without indeterminacy and subsequent appeals to moral and political frameworks, as feminist empiricism suggests. In the end, value-laden evidence can retain its adjudicative force and normativity. (shrink)
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  19. Lisa L. Stenmark (2006). Going Public: Feminist Epistemologies, Hannah Arendt, and the Science and Religion Discourse. In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oup Oxford. 821-835.score: 174.0
    Accession Number: ATLA0001712286; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 821-835.; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 835.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  20. Lynn Hankinson Nelson & Alison Wylie (2004). Introduction: Special Issue on Feminist Science Studies. Hypatia 19 (1).score: 174.0
    Feminist analyses of science have grown dramatically in scope, diversity, and impact in the years since Nancy Tuana edited the two-volume issue of Hypatia on “Feminism and Science” (Fall 1987, Spring 1988). What had begun in the 1960s and 1970s as a “trickle of scholarship on feminism and science” had widened by the mid-1980s “into a continuous stream” (Rosser 1987, 5). Fifteen years later, the stream has become something of a torrent. The essays assembled for (...)
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  21. Mariamne Whatley (1986). Taking Feminist Science to the Classroom: Where Do We Go From Here. In Ruth Bleier (ed.), Feminist Approaches to Science. Pergamon Press. 181--190.score: 174.0
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  22. Susan Haack (1992). Science 'From a Feminist Perspective'. Philosophy 67 (259):5 - 18.score: 168.0
    Women themselves, for the most part, think of themselves as the sensible sex, whose business it is to undo the harm that comes of men's impetuous follies. For my part, I distrust all generalizations about women, favourable and unfavourable, masculine and feminine, ancient and modern; all alike, I should say, result from paucity of experience.
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  23. Matthew Drabek (2012). Philosophy of Science After Feminism. By Janet Kourany. (Oxford UP, 2010. Pp. Ix. + 149. Price US$99.00.). Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):631-633.score: 168.0
  24. Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.) (2012). Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 168.0
  25. Judith A. Little (ed.) (2007). Feminist Philosophy and Science Fiction: Utopias and Dystopias. Prometheus Books.score: 168.0
     
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  26. Lynda I. A. Birke (1994). Feminism, Animals, and Science: The Naming of the Shrew. Open University Press.score: 168.0
  27. Paul R. Gross & Norman Levitt (1999). A Critique of Feminist Science Criticism. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. 306.score: 156.0
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  28. Sandra Harding (1999). Feminist Science Criticism. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. 274.score: 156.0
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  29. Cassandra L. Pinnick (1994). Feminist Epistemology: Implications for Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):646-657.score: 150.0
    This article examines the best contemporary arguments for a feminist epistemology of scientific knowledge as found in recent works by S. Harding. I argue that no feminist epistemology of science is worthy of the name, because such an epistemology fails to escape well-known vicissitudes of epistemic relativism. But feminist epistemology merits attention from philosophers of science because it is part of a larger relativist turn in the social sciences and humanities that now aims to extend its critique to (...)
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  30. Barry R. Gross (1994). What Could A Feminist Science Be? The Monist 77 (4):434-444.score: 150.0
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  31. Catherine Hundleby (2006). Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies Sharyn Clough Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003, Viii + 166 Pp., $65.00, $24.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 45 (04):782-.score: 150.0
  32. Angela Potochnik (2012). Feminist Implications of Model-Based Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):383-389.score: 150.0
    Recent philosophy of science has witnessed a shift in focus, in that significantly more consideration is given to how scientists employ models. Attending to the role of models in scientific practice leads to new questions about the representational roles of models, the purpose of idealizations, why multiple models are used for the same phenomenon, and many more besides. In this paper, I suggest that these themes resonate with central topics in feminist epistemology, in particular prominent versions of feminist empiricism, (...)
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  33. Sarah S. Richardson (2009). The Left Vienna Circle, Part 2. The Left Vienna Circle, Disciplinary History, and Feminist Philosophy of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):167-174.score: 150.0
    This paper analyzes the claim that the Left Vienna Circle (LVC) offers a theoretical and historical precedent for a politically engaged philosophy of science today. I describe the model for a political philosophy of science advanced by LVC historians. They offer this model as a moderate, properly philosophical approach to political philosophy of science that is rooted in the analytic tradition. This disciplinary-historical framing leads to weaknesses in LVC scholars' conception of the history of the LVC and (...)
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  34. Lynn Hankinson Nelson (1995). A Feminist Naturalized Philosophy of Science. Synthese 104 (3):399 - 421.score: 150.0
    Building on developments in feminist science scholarship and the philosophy of science, I advocate two methodological principles as elements of a naturalized philosophy of science. One principle incorporates a holistic account of evidence inclusive of claims and theories informed by and/or expressive of politics and non-constitutive values; the second takes communities, rather than individual scientists, to be the primary loci of scientific knowledge. I use case studies to demonstrate that these methodological principles satisfy three criteria for naturalization (...)
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  35. Alessandra Tanesini (2005). Review of Sharyn Clough, Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7).score: 150.0
  36. Petra Vriedes (2004). Book Review: Maralee Mayberry, Banu Subramaniam, and Lisa H. Weasel. Feminist Science Studies: A New Generation. New York: Routledge. 2001. [REVIEW] Hypatia 19 (1):303-305.score: 150.0
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  37. Janet A. Kourany (2009). The Place of Standpoint Theory in Feminist Science Studies. Hypatia 24 (4):209 - 218.score: 150.0
  38. Edrie Sobstyl (2005). Book Review: Sharyn Clough. Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003. [REVIEW] Hypatia 20 (4):216-220.score: 150.0
  39. Catherine Hundleby (2006). Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies. Dialogue 45 (4):782-784.score: 150.0
  40. Gabriele Lakomski (1989). Against Feminist Science: Harding and the Science Question in Feminism. Educational Philosophy and Theory 21 (2):1–11.score: 150.0
  41. Michael Ruse (1984). Biological Science and Feminist Values. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:525 - 542.score: 150.0
    Feminist writers argue that values permeate science. Using Ernan McMullin's discussion of values in science as a guide, the feminist position is accepted and an attempt is made to show why their position is one which should be noted by conventional philosophers of science.
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  42. Elizabeth Potter (1994). Methodological Norms in Traditional and Feminist Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:101 - 108.score: 150.0
    I argue against the assumption that the influence of non-cognitive values must lead to bad science and against the methodological norm that seems to some philosophers to follow from it, viz. that a good philosophy of science should analyze the morally and politically neutral production of good science. Against these, I argue for the assumption that non-cognitive values are compatible with good science and for the metaphilosophical norm that a good philosophy of science should allow (...)
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  43. Edrie Sobstyl (2005). Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies (Review). Hypatia 20 (4):216-220.score: 150.0
  44. Petra de Vries (2004). Feminist Science Studies: A New Generation (Review). Hypatia 19 (1):302-304.score: 150.0
  45. Sandra Harding (1996). Multicultural and Global Feminist Philosophies of Science: Resources and Challenges. In Lynn Hankinson Nelson & Jack Nelson (eds.), Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science. 263--287.score: 150.0
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  46. Noretta Koertge (1980). Methodology, Ideology and Feminist Critiques of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:346 - 359.score: 150.0
    This paper deals with two questions. First, if all scientists were perfect Popperians, how much influence could their background values and experiences have? It is argued that background can play a role in problem choice and in the constructing and testing of hypotheses. Second, do the ideals of feminism suggest the need for a new methodology and epistemology for science? In answering this question, Harding's paper in this volume is discussed.
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  47. Ronald N. Giere (1996). The Feminism Question in the Philosophy of Science. In Lynn Hankinson Nelson & Jack Nelson (eds.), Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science. 3--15.score: 150.0
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  48. Sharyn Clough (2003). Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 150.0
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  49. Peter Corrigan (1996). Dressing in Imaginary Communities: Clothing, Gender and the Body in Utopian Texts From Thomas More to Feminist Science Fiction. Body and Society 2 (3):89-106.score: 150.0
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