Search results for 'Fernando Dias Avila-Piredes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sofia Dias, Cristina Queirós, Mary Sandra Carlotto, Fernando C. Derenusson, Bernardo Jablonski, Rhaniele Sodré Ferreira, Cristal Oliveira Moniz de Aragão, Angela Arruda, Makilim Nunes Baptista & Fabián Javier Marin Rueda (2010). Aletheia, Revista Quadrimestral Editada Pelo Curso de Psicologia da Universidade Luterana Do Brasil, Publica Artigos Originais, Relacionados À Psicologia, Pertencentes Às Seguintes Categorias: Artigos de Pesquisa, Artigos de Atualização, Resenhas E Comunicações. Os Artigos São de Responsabilidade Exclusiva Dos Autores E as Opiniões E Julgamentos Neles Contidos Não Expressam Necessariamente o Pensamento Dos Editores Ou Conselho Editorial. Aletheia 32:1.score: 240.0
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  2. Fernando Solar Dias (2013). Gred Ibscher Roth (1906-1996). Areté. Revista de Filosofía 8 (2):383-391.score: 240.0
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  3. Márcio Antônio de Paiva & Luiz Fernando Pires Dias (2010). Deus: além do nome, além da significação (God: beyond the name, beyond the meaning) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2010v8n16p47. [REVIEW] Horizonte 8 (16):47-61.score: 240.0
    A história do pensamento ocidental, desde seus primórdios na Grécia Antiga até os tempos atuais, é transpassada pela questão de Deus, que mantém a sua relevância mesmo no contexto pós-metafísico no qual estamos inseridos. A busca pelo significado derradeiro da existência humana justapõe a questão do homem à questão de Deus, que adquire, dessa forma, um status imperativo. Mas, como articular o discurso sobre Deus na atual conjuntura, caracterizada por uma visão materialista e imediatista da existência humana? Em nossa reflexão, (...)
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  4. Márcio Antônio de Paiva & Luiz Fernando Pires Dias (2012). O Enigma Do Mal No Pensamento de Emmanuel Lévinas. Filosofia Unisinos 13 (2).score: 240.0
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  5. Fernando Dias Avila-Piredes, Luiz Carlos Mior, Vilênia Porto Aguiar & Susana Regina de Mello Schlemper (2000). The Concept of Sustainable Development Revisited. Foundations of Science 5 (3):261-268.score: 198.0
    The concept of sustainable development is here revised in the light of a brief historical analysis, followed by a semantic analysis of the expressions development and sustainability. The authors criticize the common use of this concept in a loose way or in wide generalizations, to conclude, based on the principles of human ecology, that it is only possible to make it operational in limited spans of time and in limited spatial units.
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  6. Virginia Fernández Aguinaco (2010). Yo Fui El Médico de Santa Teresa de Avila, de Fernando Lorente Arenas. Critica 60 (967):109.score: 120.0
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  7. Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires, Luiz Carlos Mior, Vilênia Porto Aguiar & Susana Regina Mello Schlempeder (2000). The Concept of Sustainable Development Revisited. Foundations of Science 5 (3).score: 85.5
    The concept of sustainable development is here revised in the light of a brief historical analysis, followed by a semantic analysis of the expressions development and sustainability. The authors criticize the common use of this concept in a loose way or in wide generalizations, to conclude, based on the principles of human ecology, that it is only possible to make it operational in limited spans of time and in limited spatial units.
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  8. Antonio Carlos Sequeira Fernandes, Ricardo Pereira, Ismar de Souza Carvalho, Débora de Almeida Azevedo, Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires, Gerda Maísa Jensen, Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins, Lourdes Della Justina & Ana Maria de Andrade Caldeira (2010). Filosofia e História da Biologia. Filosofia 5 (1).score: 85.5
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  9. Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires (2008). Robinson Crusoe's Illness: Literature and Medicine. The European Legacy 13 (6):715-724.score: 85.5
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  10. Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires (2008). Robinson Crusoe's Illness: Literature and Medicine. The European Legacy 13 (6):715-724.score: 85.5
    This essay originated from a re-reading of Umberto Eco's Six Walks in the Fictional Woods (1994) and from discussions of Charles Darwin's illnesses. The question of historical truth arises whenever we seek to validate a scientific analysis of a fictional incident. Whereas Darwin may actually have suffered from several health conditions, Robinson Crusoe's illness is the product of Daniel Defoe's imagination. But the search for a medical diagnosis must follow the same methods in both cases. After eight months as sole (...)
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  11. Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires, Luiz Carlos Mior, Vilênia Porto Aguiar & Susana Regina de Mello Schlemper (2000). The Concept of Sustainable Development Revisited. Foundations of Science 5 (3):261-268.score: 85.5
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  12. Jeremy Fernando (2013). Sitting in the Dock of the Bay, Watching …. Continent 3 (2):8-12.score: 60.0
    This piece, included in the drift special issue of continent. , was created as one step in a thread of inquiry. While each of the contributions to drift stand on their own, the project was an attempt to follow a line of theoretical inquiry as it passed through time and the postal service(s) from October 2012 until May 2013. This issue hosts two threads: between space & place and between intention & attention . The editors recommend that to experience the (...)
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  13. Andréia Christina Nascimento Dias (2014). Religião e Ciência: sustentação e entraves acerca do debate. Horizonte 12 (34):604-605.score: 60.0
    DIAS, Andréia Christina do Nascimento. Religião e Ciência: sustentação e entraves acerca do debate. 2014. Dissertação (Mestrado), Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte. Palavras-Chave: Religião. Ciência. Razão. Psicologia. Moral. Educação. Keywords : Religion. Science. Reason. Psychology. Morals. Education.
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  14. Berit Soli-Holt, April Vannini & Jeremy Fernando (2012). Introducing Drift, a Special Issue of Continent. Continent 2 (3):182-185.score: 60.0
    Two continents. Three countries. Mountains, archipelago, a little red dot & more to come. BERIT SOLI-HOLT (Editor): When I think of introductory material, I think of that Derrida documentary when he is asked about what he would like to know about other philosophers. He simply states: their love life. APRIL VANNINI (Editor): And as far as introductions go, I think Derrida brought forth a fruitful discussion on philosophy and thinking with this statement. First, he allows philosophy to open up the (...)
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  15. Fernando do Nascimento Gonçalves, Andre Gomes & Ana Paula Santos (2012). A desrepresentação do "outro" nos trabalhos de vídeo-arte de Maurício Dias e Walter Riedweg. Logos 18 (2).score: 42.0
    0 0 1 135 717 UERJ 13 2 850 14.0 96 800x600 Normal 0 false false false PT-BR JA X-NONE Este artigo analisa alguns trabalhos de arte pública e de vídeo-instalação dos artistas Maurício Dias e Walter Riedweg do ponto de vista dos jogos que fazem com a representação do Outro. O objetivo é discutir como em seus trabalhos as imagens que servem de base para a produção das obras não buscam “captar melhor” aquilo que Outro supostamente seria, mas (...)
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  16. Enzo Ariza de Ávila (2008). Liberalismo, Igualdad y Democracia: Un Desafío de la Modernidad y Aún Para Nuestros Días. Universidad de la Salle, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras.score: 36.0
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  17. Tim Fernando, Finite-State Representations of Time.score: 30.0
    Finite-state methods are applied to the Russell-Wiener notion of time (based on events) and developed into an account of interval relations and temporal propositions. Strings are formed and collected in regular languages and regular relations that are argued to embody temporal relations in their various underspecified guises. The regular relations include retractions that reduce computations by projecting strings down to an appropriate level of granularity, and non-deterministic relations defining notions of partiality within and across such levels.
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  18. Tim Fernando, Compositionality Inductively, Co-Inductively and Contextually.score: 30.0
    with the meaning function [[·]] appearing on both sides. (1) is commonly construed as a prescription for computing the meaning of a based on the parts of a and their mode of combination. As equality is symmetric, however, we can also read (1) from right to left, as a constraint on the meaning [[b]] of a term b that brings in the wider context where b may occur, in accordance with what Dag Westerst˚ahl has recently described as “one version of (...)
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  19. Tim Fernando (2011). Constructing Situations and Time. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (3):371 - 396.score: 30.0
    Situations serving as partial worlds as well as events in natural language semantics are constructed from a type-theoretic interpretation of firstorder formulae and (after a type reduction) temporal formulae. Limitations of the Russell-Wiener-Kamp derivation of time from events are discussed and overcome to give a more widely applicable account of temporal granularity. Finite situations are formulated as strings of observations, conceptualized to persist inertially (in the absence of forces).
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  20. Tim Fernando, Inertia in Temporal Modification.score: 30.0
    Inertia is enshrined in Newton’s first law of motion, a body at rest or in uniform motion remains in that state unless a force is applied to it. Now, consider (1). (1) Pat stopped the car before it hit the tree. Can we conclude from (1) that the car struck the tree? Not without further information such as that supplied in (2). (2) But the bus behind kept going. A post-condition for Pat stopping the car is that the car be (...)
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  21. Tim Fernando, Strings Over Intervals.score: 30.0
    Intervals and the events that occur in them are encoded as strings, elaborating on a conception of events as “intervals cum description.” Notions of satisfaction in interval temporal logics are formulated in terms of strings, and the possibility of computing these via finite-state machines/transducers is investigated. This opens up temporal semantics to finite-state methods, with entailments that are decidable insofar as these can be reduced to inclusions between regular languages.
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  22. Tim Fernando, Representing Events and Discourse: Comments on Hamm, Kamp and Van Lambalgen.score: 30.0
    In [HKL00] (henceforth HKL), Hamm, Kamp and van Lambalgen declare ‘‘there is no opposition between formal and cognitive semantics,’’ notwithstanding the realist/mentalist divide. That divide separates two sides Jackendo¤ has (in [Jac96], following Chomsky) labeled E(xternalized)-semantics, relating language to a reality independent of speakers, and I(nternalized)-semantics, revolving around mental representations and thought. Although formal semanticists have (following David Lewis) traditionally leaned towards E-semantics, it is reasonable to apply formal methods also to I-semantics. This point is made clear in HKL via (...)
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  23. Tim Fernando, Information and Computation.score: 30.0
    Situations serving as worlds as well as events in linguistic semantics are formulated as strings recording observations over discrete time. This formulation is applied to a linear temporal logic, in line with L. Schubert’s distinction between described and characterized situations. The distinction is developed topologically and computationally, and linked to the opposition between truth-conditional and proof-conditional semantics. For a finitary handle on quantification, strings are associated with situations not only on the basis of observation but also through derivation and constraint (...)
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  24. Alfrancio Ferreira Dias (2012). Redistribuição E reconhecimento de gênero na perspectiva de Axel Honneth E Nancy Fraser. Saberes Em Perspectiva 2 (1):93-107.score: 30.0
    As teorias feministas de gênero passaram nas ultimas décadas de uma concepção pós-marxistas a partir dos novos estudos de cultura e identidade, baseando-se no movimento de redistribuição, para o de reconhecimento. Este artigo mostra esse processo de mudança de paradigma. Nele não se procura uma análise de gênero ampla o bastante para abrigar todas as variedades das preocupações feministas. Mostra a concepção de justiça de Nancy Fraser que abrange tanto a redistribuição quanto o reconhecimento, pois reparar a injustiça certamente requer (...)
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  25. Tim Fernando, Temporal Propositions as Vague Predicates.score: 30.0
    The idea that temporal propositions are vague predicates is examined with attention to the nature of the objects over which the predicates range. These objects should not, it is argued, be identified once and for all with points or intervals in the real line (or any fixed linear order). Context has an important role to play not only in sidestepping the Sorites paradox (Gaifman 2002) but also in shaping temporal moments/extent (Landman 1991). The Russell-Wiener construction of time from events (Kamp (...)
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  26. Tim Fernando, Situations From Events to Proofs.score: 30.0
    String representations of events are applied to Robin Cooper’s proposal that propositions in natural language semantics are types of situations. Links with the higher types of prooftheoretic semantics are forged, deepening type-theoretic interpretations of Discourse Representation Structures to encompass event structures.
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  27. Priyan Dias (2011). Aesthetics and Ethics in Engineering: Insights From Polanyi. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):233-243.score: 30.0
    Polanyi insisted that scientific knowledge was intensely personal in nature, though held with universal intent. His insights regarding the personal values of beauty and morality in science are first enunciated. These are then explored for their relevance to engineering. It is shown that the practice of engineering is also governed by aesthetics and ethics. For example, Polanyi’s three spheres of morality in science—that of the individual scientist, the scientific community and the wider society—has parallel entities in engineering. The existence of (...)
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  28. Tim Fernando, Entailments in Finite-State Temporality.score: 30.0
    The “surge in use of finite-state methods” ([10]) in computational linguistics has largely, if not completely, left semantics untouched. The present paper is directed towards correcting this situation. Techniques explained in [1] are applied to a fragment of temporal semantics through an approach we call finite-state temporality. This proceeds from the intuition of an event as “a series of snapshots” ([15]; see also [12]), equating snapshots with symbols that collectively form our alphabet. A sequence of snapshots then becomes a string (...)
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  29. Tim Fernando (2005). Schedules in a Temporal Interpretation of Modals. Journal of Semantics 22 (2):211-229.score: 30.0
    Eventualities and worlds are analysed uniformly as schedules of certain descriptions of eventuality-types (reversing the reduction of eventuality-types to eventualities). The temporal interpretation of modals in Condoravdi 2002 is reformulated to bring out what it is about eventualities and worlds that is essential to the account. What is essential, it is claimed, can be recovered from schedules that may or may not include worlds.
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  30. Tim Fernando, Finite-State Representations Embodying Temporal Relations.score: 30.0
    Finite-state methods are applied to the Russell-Wiener-Kamp notion of time (based on events) and developed into an account of interval relations and semi-intervals. Strings are formed and collected in regular languages and regular relations that are argued to embody temporal relations in their various underspecified guises. The regular relations include retractions that reduce computations by projecting strings down to an appropriate level of granularity, and notions of containment for partiality within and across such levels.
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  31. Tim Fernando, Finite-State Temporal Projection.score: 30.0
    Finite-state methods are applied to determine the consequences of events, represented as strings of sets of fluents. Developed to flesh out events used in natural language semantics, the approach supports reasoning about action in AI, including the frame problem and inertia. Representational and inferential aspects of the approach are explored, centering on conciseness of language, context update and constraint application with bias.
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  32. Tim Fernando, Reichenbach's E, R and S in a Finite-State Setting.score: 30.0
    Reichenbach's event, reference and speech times are interpreted semantically by stringing and superposing sets of temporal formulae, structured within regular languages. Notions of continuation branches and of inertia, bound (in a precise sense) by reference time, are developed and applied to the progressive and the perfect.
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  33. Tim Fernando, A Finite-State Approach to Event Semantics.score: 30.0
    Events employed in natural language semantics are characterized in terms of regular languages, each string in which can be regarded as a motion picture. The relevant finite automata then amount to movie cameras/projectors, or more formally, to finite Kripke structures with par- tial valuations. The usual regular constructs (concatena- tion, choice, etc) are supplemented with superposition of strings/automata/languages, realized model-theoretically as conjunction.
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  34. Tim Fernando, Conservative Generalized Quantifiers and Presupposition.score: 30.0
    Conservativity in generalized quantifiers is linked to presupposition filtering, under a propositions-as-types analysis extended with dependent quantifiers. That analysis is underpinned by modeltheoretically interpretable proofs which inhabit propositions they prove, thereby providing objects for quantification and hooks for anaphora.
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  35. Tim Fernando, Comic Relief for Anankastic Conditionals.score: 30.0
    Anankastic conditionals are analyzed in terms of events conceived as sequences of snapshots – roughly, comics. Quantification is applied not to worlds (sets of which are customarily identified with propositions) but to strings that record observations of actions. The account generalizes to other types of conditionals, sidestepping certain well-known problems that beset possible worlds treatments, such as logical omniscience and irrelevance. A refinement for anankastic conditionals is considered, incorporating action relations.
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  36. Tim Fernando, Three Processes in Natural Language Interpretation.score: 30.0
    To address complications involving ambiguity, presupposition and implicature, three processes underlying natural language interpretation are isolated: translation, entailment and attunement. A meta-language integrating these processes is outlined, elaborating on a proof-theoretic approach to presupposition.
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  37. T. Fernando, Regular Relations for Temporal Propositions.score: 30.0
    Relations computed by finite-state transducers are applied to interpret temporal propositions in terms of strings representing finite contexts or situations. Carnap–Montague intensions mapping indices to extensions are reformulated as relations between strings that can serve as indices and extensions alike. Strings are related according to information content, temporal span and granularity, the bounds on which reflect the partiality of natural language statements. That partiality shapes not only strings-as-extensions (indicating what statements are about) but also strings-as-indices (underlying truth conditions).
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  38. Tim Fernando, Temporal Propositions as Regular Languages.score: 30.0
    Temporal propositions are mapped to sets of strings that witness (in a precise sense) the propositions over discrete linear Kripke frames. The strings are collected into regular languages to ensure the decidability of entailments given by inclusions between languages. (Various notions of bounded entailment are shown to be expressible as language inclusions.) The languages unwind computations implicit in the logical (and temporal) connectives via a system of finite-state constraints adapted from finite-state morphology. Applications to Hybrid Logic and non-monotonic inertial reasoning (...)
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  39. Tim Fernando, Ambiguous Discourse in a Compositional Context.score: 30.0
    The processing of sequences of (English) sentences is analyzed compositionally through transitions that merge sentences, rather than decomposing them. Transitions that are in a precise sense inertial are related to disjunctive and non-deterministic approaches to ambiguity. Modal interpretations are investigated, inducing various equivalences on sequences.
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  40. Tim Fernando (1994). Bisimulations and Predicate Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):924-944.score: 30.0
    are considered with a view toward analyzing operational semantics from the perspective of predicate logic. The notion of a bisimulation is employed in two distinct ways: (i) as an extensional notion of equivalence on programs (or processes) generalizing input/output equivalence (at a cost exceeding II' ,over certain transition predicates computable in log space). and (ii) as a tool for analyzing the dependence of transitions on data (which can be shown to be elementary or nonelementary. depending on the formulation of the (...)
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  41. Tim Fernando, Finite-State Descriptions for Temporal Semantics.score: 30.0
    Finite-state descriptions for temporal semantics are outlined through which to distinguish soft inferences reflecting manners of conceptualization from more robust semantic entailments defined over models. Just what descriptions are built (before being interpreted model-theoretically) and how they are grounded in models of reality explain (upon examination) why some inferences are soft.
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  42. Tim Fernando, Towards a Many-Dimensional Modal Logic for Semantic Processing.score: 30.0
    Notions of context for natural language interpretation are factored in terms of three processes: translation, entailment and attunement. The processes are linked by accessibility relations of the kind studied in many-dimensional modal logic, modulo complications from constraints between translation and entailment (violations in which may trigger re-attunement) and from refinement and underspecification.
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  43. Tim Fernando (2001). A Type Reduction From Proof-Conditional to Dynamic Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (2):121-153.score: 30.0
    Dynamic and proof-conditional approaches to discourse (exemplified by Discourse Representation Theory and Type-Theoretical Grammar, respectively) are related through translations and transitions labeled by first-order formulas with anaphoric twists. Type-theoretic contexts are defined relative to a signature and instantiated modeltheoretically, subject to change.
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  44. Tim Fernando (2009). Situations as Indices and as Denotations. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (2):185-206.score: 30.0
    A distinction is drawn between situations as indices required for semantically evaluating sentences and situations as denotations resulting from such evaluation. For atomic sentences, possible worlds may serve as indices, and events as denotations. The distinction is extended beyond atomic sentences according to formulae-as-types and applied to implicit quantifier domain restrictions, intensionality and conditionals.
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  45. Tim Fernando (1997). Ambiguity Under Changing Contexts. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (6):575-606.score: 30.0
    Notions of disambiguation supporting a compositional interpretation ofvambiguous expressions and reflecting intuitions about how sentences combinevin discourse are investigated. Expressions are analyzed both inductively byvbreaking them apart, and co-inductively by embedding them within larger contexts.
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  46. Tim Fernando, 'The Proper Treatment of Events' in Comics.score: 30.0
    ‘The proper treatment of events’ is the title of a recent book [LH04] by M. van Lambalgen and F. Hamm, applying the event calculus from [Sha97] to natural language semantics. Some basic ideas behind that treatment are presented in a technically different form below, shaped by a concrete formulation of events as strings of sets of fluents ([Fer04]). These strings can be read as comic strips that are (I think) easy to grasp and work with, providing a friendly (if not (...)
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  47. Mario Fernando, Shyamali Dharmage & Shamika Almeida (2008). Ethical Ideologies of Senior Australian Managers: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):145 - 155.score: 30.0
    Forsyth’s (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire and Hunt et al.’s (1989) Corporate Ethical Value Questionnaire are used to examine the ethical ideologies of senior managers from organizations listed in the Australian Stock Exchange. The results indicate how corporate ethical values, religion, gender, and age are related to the idealism and relativism of senior Australian managers. After discussing the results, limitations of the study are offered. Finally, managerial implications are provided and recommendations for future research are given.
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  48. W. P. S. Dias (2003). Heidegger's Relevance for Engineering: Questioning Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (3):389-396.score: 30.0
    Heidegger affirmed traditional technology, but was opposed to science-based modern technology, in which everything (including man) is considered to be a mere “resource”. This opposition was expressed in the form of deep questioning and a suspicion of superficial evaluation, because the true nature of things was often concealed, though disclosed at times. Ways in which engineers should question technology are proposed, highlighting some of the hazards and injustices associated with technology and also its subtle sociological and psychological influences. The demands (...)
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  49. Tim Fernando, Compositionality and Context.score: 30.0
    This course aims to assess the principle of compositionality (CP) and how it fits with recent developments in natural language interpretation, especially those that stress the role of context. We first try to lay down a suitable formal framework for CP, reviewing proposals by Montague, Janssen, Hendriks, Kracht and Hodges. Versions of CP of varying strength are formulated, and some recent results on the existence of compositional semantics and the (much debated) issue of the empirical import of CP discussed. Complementing (...)
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  50. Ruth M. Kempson, Tim Fernando & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (2012). Philosophy of Linguistics. North Holland.score: 30.0
    This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of linguistics ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out both the foundational assumptions set during the second half of ...
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