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Profile: Fernando Martinez-Manrique (Universidad de Granada)
  1. Fernando Martínez-Manrique & Agustin Vicente (2010). What The...! The Role of Inner Speech in Conscious Thought. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (9-10):141-67.
    Abstract: Introspection reveals that one is frequently conscious of some form of inner speech, which may appear either in a condensed or expanded form. It has been claimed that this speech reflects the way in which language is involved in conscious thought, fulfilling a number of cognitive functions. We criticize three theories that address this issue: Bermúdez’s view of language as a generator of second-order thoughts, Prinz’s development of Jackendoff’s intermediate-level theory of consciousness, and Carruthers’s theory of inner speech as (...)
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    Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martinez-Manrique (forthcoming). The Nature of Unsymbolized Thinking. Philosophical Explorations.
    Using the method of Descriptive Experience Sampling, some subjects report experiences of thinking that do not involve words or any other symbols (Hurlburt and Heavey 2006; Hurlburt and Akhter 2008). Even though the possibility of this unsymbolized thinking has consequences for the debate on the phenomenological status of cognitive states, the phenomenon is still insufficiently examined. This paper analyzes the main properties of unsymbolized thinking and advances an explanation of its origin. According to our analysis, unsymbolized thoughts appear as propositional (...)
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  3. Fernando Martinez-Manrique & Agustin Vicente (2013). What is Said by a Metaphor: The Role of Salience and Conventionality. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):304-328.
    Contextualist theorists have recently defended the views (a) that metaphor-processing can be treated on a par with other meaning changes, such as narrowing or transfer, and (b) that metaphorical contents enter into “what is said” by an utterance. We do not dispute claim (a) but consider that claim (b) is problematic. Contextualist theorists seem to leave in the hands of context the explanation about why it is that some meaning changes are directly processed, and thus plausibly form part of “what (...)
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  4. Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2011). Inner Speech: Nature and Functions. Philosophy Compass 6 (3):209-219.
    We very often discover ourselves engaged in inner speech. It seems that this kind of silent, private, speech fulfils some role in our cognition, most probably related to conscious thinking. Yet, the study of inner speech has been neglected by philosophy and psychology alike for many years. However, things seem to have changed in the last two decades. Here we review some of the most influential accounts about the phenomenology and the functions of inner speech, as well as the methodological (...)
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  5. Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martinez-Manrique (2013). The Influence of Language in Conceptualization: Three Views. Protosociology 20:89-106.
    Different languages carve the world in different categories. They also encode events in different ways, conventionalize different metaphorical mappings, and differ in their rule-based metonymies and patterns of meaning extensions. A long-standing, and controversial, question is whether this variability in the languages generates a corresponding variability in the conceptual structure of the speakers of those languages. Here we will present and discuss three interesting general proposals by focusing on representative authors of such proposals. The proposals are the following: first, that (...)
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    Fernando Martinez-Manrique (2014). Systematicity and Conceptual Pluralism. In Paco Calvo John Symons (ed.), The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge. MIT Press 305-334.
    The systematicity argument only challenges connectionism if systematicity is a general property of cognition. I examine this thesis in terms of properties of concepts. First, I propose that Evans's Generality Constraint only applies to attributions of belief. Then I defend a variety of conceptual pluralism, arguing that concepts share two fundamental properties related to centrality and belief-attribution, and contending that there are two kinds of concepts that differ in their compositional properties. Finally, I rely on Dual Systems Theory and on (...)
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  7. Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martinez-Manrique (2010). On Relevance Theory's Atomistic Commitments. In Belen Soria & Esther Romero (eds.), Explicit Communication: Essays on Robyn Carston’s Pragmatics. Palgrave McMillan
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  8. Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martinez-Manrique, Semantic Minimalism. Oxford Bibliographies On-Line.
  9. Agustín Vicente & Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2008). Thought, Language, and the Argument From Explicitness. Metaphilosophy 39 (3):381–401.
    This article deals with the relationship between language and thought, focusing on the question of whether language can be a vehicle of thought, as, for example, Peter Carruthers has claimed. We develop and examine a powerful argument—the "argument from explicitness"—against this cognitive role of language. The premises of the argument are just two: (1) the vehicle of thought has to be explicit, and (2) natural languages are not explicit. We explain what these simple premises mean and why we should believe (...)
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  10.  15
    Fernando Martinez-Manrique & Agustin Vicente (2009). On the Psychological Reality of the Minimal Proposition. In Philippe de Brabanter & Mikhail Kissine (eds.), Utterance Interpretation and Cognitive Models. Emmerald Publishers 1.
  11.  11
    Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2010). Lexical Concepts: From Contextualism to Concept Decompositionalism. In Erich Rast & Luiz Carlos Baptista (eds.), Meaning and Context. Peter Lang
  12. Fernando Martínez-Manrique & Agustín Vicente (2004). Overhearing a Sentence: Recanati and the Cognitive View of Language. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 12 (2):219-251.
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    Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2010). On the Distinction Between Semantic and Conceptual Representation. Dialectica 64 (1):57-78.
    I address the problem of the distinction between semantic and conceptual representations from general considerations about how to distinguish a representational kind. I consider three different ways of telling representational kinds apart – in terms of structure, processing and content – and I examine if semantic representations may constitute a distinct kind with respect to each of them. I argue that the best options for semantic representation to be regarded as a distinct representational kind with respect to each of the (...)
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  14. Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2000). Radu J. Bogdan, Minding Minds: Evolving A Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 20 (6):392-394.
     
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    Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2004). Explicitness and Nonconnectionist Vehicle Theories of Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):302-303.
    O'Brien & Opie's connectionist vehicle theory of consciousness is heavily dependent on their notion of explicitness as (1) structural and (2) necessary and sufficient for consciousness. These assumptions unnecessarily constrain their position: the authors are forced to find an intrinsic property of patterns that accounts for the distinction between conscious and unconscious states. Their candidate property, stability, does not capture this distinction. Yet, I show that we can drop assumptions (1) and (2) and still develop a vehicle theory of consciousness. (...)
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  16. Fernando Martínez-Manrique & Agustín Vicente (2013). What is Said by a Metaphor: The Role of Salience and Conventionality. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):304-328.
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