Search results for 'Fernando Pereira' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stuart M. Shieber, Fernando C. N. Pereira & Mary Dalrymple (1996). Interactions of Scope and Ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (5):527 - 552.score: 240.0
    Systematic semantic ambiguities result from the interaction of the two operations that are involved in resolving ellipsis in the presence of scoping elements such as quantifiers and intensional operators: scope determination for the scoping elements and resolution of the elided relation. A variety of problematic examples previously noted - by Sag, Hirschbüihler, Gawron and Peters, Harper, and others - all have to do with such interactions. In previous work, we showed how ellipsis resolution can be stated and solved in equational (...)
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  2. Mary Dalrymple, Stuart M. Shieber & Fernando C. N. Pereira (1991). Ellipsis and Higher-Order Unification. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (4):399 - 452.score: 240.0
    We present a new method for characterizing the interpretive possibilities generated by elliptical constructions in natural language. Unlike previous analyses, which postulate ambiguity of interpretation or derivation in the full clause source of the ellipsis, our analysis requires no such hidden ambiguity. Further, the analysis follows relatively directly from an abstract statement of the ellipsis interpretation problem. It predicts correctly a wide range of interactions between ellipsis and other semantic phenomena such as quantifier scope and bound anaphora. Finally, although the (...)
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  3. Mary Dalrymple, John Lamping, Fernando Pereira & Vijay Saraswat (1997). Quantifiers, Anaphora, and Intensionality. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (3):219-273.score: 240.0
    The relationship between Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) functional structures (f-structures) for sentences and their semanticinterpretations can be formalized in linear logic in a way thatcorrectly explains the observed interactions between quantifier scopeambiguity, bound anaphora and intensionality.Our linear-logic formalization of the compositional properties ofquantifying expressions in natural language obviates the need forspecial mechanisms, such as Cooper storage, in representing thescoping possibilities of quantifying expressions. Instead, thesemantic contribution of a quantifier is recorded as a linear-logicformula whose use in a proof will establish the (...)
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  4. Rodrigo B. Ferreira, Fernando C. Coelli, Wagner C. A. Pereira & Renan M. V. R. Almeida (2008). Optimizing Patient Flow in a Large Hospital Surgical Centre by Means of Discrete‐Event Computer Simulation Models. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (6):1031-1037.score: 240.0
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  5. Fernando C. Coelli, Renan M. V. R. Almeida & Wagner C. A. Pereira (2010). A Cost Simulation for Mammography Examinations Taking Into Account Equipment Failures and Resource Utilization Characteristics. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1198-1202.score: 240.0
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  6. Antonio Carlos Sequeira Fernandes, Ricardo Pereira, Ismar de Souza Carvalho, Débora de Almeida Azevedo, Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires, Gerda Maísa Jensen, Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins, Lourdes Della Justina & Ana Maria de Andrade Caldeira (2010). Filosofia e História da Biologia. Filosofia 5 (1).score: 240.0
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  7. Paula Cristina Moreira da Silva Pereira & Fernando Manuel Brandão Alves (2011). The Eulogy of Urbanity. Cultura:217-236.score: 240.0
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  8. Jeremy Fernando (2013). Sitting in the Dock of the Bay, Watching …. Continent 3 (2):8-12.score: 60.0
    This piece, included in the drift special issue of continent. , was created as one step in a thread of inquiry. While each of the contributions to drift stand on their own, the project was an attempt to follow a line of theoretical inquiry as it passed through time and the postal service(s) from October 2012 until May 2013. This issue hosts two threads: between space & place and between intention & attention . The editors recommend that to experience the (...)
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  9. Berit Soli-Holt, April Vannini & Jeremy Fernando (2012). Introducing Drift, a Special Issue of Continent. Continent 2 (3):182-185.score: 60.0
    Two continents. Three countries. Mountains, archipelago, a little red dot & more to come. BERIT SOLI-HOLT (Editor): When I think of introductory material, I think of that Derrida documentary when he is asked about what he would like to know about other philosophers. He simply states: their love life. APRIL VANNINI (Editor): And as far as introductions go, I think Derrida brought forth a fruitful discussion on philosophy and thinking with this statement. First, he allows philosophy to open up the (...)
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  10. Tim Fernando, Inertia in Temporal Modification.score: 30.0
    Inertia is enshrined in Newton’s first law of motion, a body at rest or in uniform motion remains in that state unless a force is applied to it. Now, consider (1). (1) Pat stopped the car before it hit the tree. Can we conclude from (1) that the car struck the tree? Not without further information such as that supplied in (2). (2) But the bus behind kept going. A post-condition for Pat stopping the car is that the car be (...)
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  11. Tim Fernando (2009). Situations as Indices and as Denotations. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (2):185-206.score: 30.0
    A distinction is drawn between situations as indices required for semantically evaluating sentences and situations as denotations resulting from such evaluation. For atomic sentences, possible worlds may serve as indices, and events as denotations. The distinction is extended beyond atomic sentences according to formulae-as-types and applied to implicit quantifier domain restrictions, intensionality and conditionals.
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  12. Alfredo Pereira (2008). Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind Series. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 18 (3):421-423.score: 30.0
  13. Gregory Wheeler & Luís Moniz Pereira (2008). Methodological Naturalism and Epistemic Internalism. Synthese 163 (3):315 - 328.score: 30.0
    Epistemic naturalism holds that the results or methodologies from the cognitive sciences are relevant to epistemology, and some have maintained that scientific methods are more compatible with externalist theories of justification than with internalist theories. But practically all discussions about naturalized epistemology are framed exclusively in terms of cognitive psychology, which is only one of the cognitive sciences. The question addressed in this essay is whether a commitment to naturalism really does favor externalism over internalism, and we offer reasons for (...)
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  14. Tim Fernando, Information and Computation.score: 30.0
    Situations serving as worlds as well as events in linguistic semantics are formulated as strings recording observations over discrete time. This formulation is applied to a linear temporal logic, in line with L. Schubert’s distinction between described and characterized situations. The distinction is developed topologically and computationally, and linked to the opposition between truth-conditional and proof-conditional semantics. For a finitary handle on quantification, strings are associated with situations not only on the basis of observation but also through derivation and constraint (...)
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  15. Alfredo Pereira (2003). The Quantum Mind/Classical Brain Problem. Neuroquantology.score: 30.0
  16. R. Aldrovandi, P. B. Barros & J. G. Pereira (2003). The Equivalence Principle Revisited. Foundations of Physics 33 (4):545-575.score: 30.0
    A precise fomulation of the strong Equivalence Principle is essential to the understanding of the relationship between gravitation and quantum mechanics. The relevant aspects are reviewed in a context including General Relativity but allowing for the presence of torsion. For the sake of brevity, a concise statement is proposed for the Principle: An ideal observer immersed in a gravitational field can choose a reference frame in which gravitation goes unnoticed. This statement is given a clear mathematical meaning through an accurate (...)
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  17. Tim Fernando, Representing Events and Discourse: Comments on Hamm, Kamp and Van Lambalgen.score: 30.0
    In [HKL00] (henceforth HKL), Hamm, Kamp and van Lambalgen declare ‘‘there is no opposition between formal and cognitive semantics,’’ notwithstanding the realist/mentalist divide. That divide separates two sides Jackendo¤ has (in [Jac96], following Chomsky) labeled E(xternalized)-semantics, relating language to a reality independent of speakers, and I(nternalized)-semantics, revolving around mental representations and thought. Although formal semanticists have (following David Lewis) traditionally leaned towards E-semantics, it is reasonable to apply formal methods also to I-semantics. This point is made clear in HKL via (...)
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  18. Tim Fernando, Temporal Propositions as Vague Predicates.score: 30.0
    The idea that temporal propositions are vague predicates is examined with attention to the nature of the objects over which the predicates range. These objects should not, it is argued, be identified once and for all with points or intervals in the real line (or any fixed linear order). Context has an important role to play not only in sidestepping the Sorites paradox (Gaifman 2002) but also in shaping temporal moments/extent (Landman 1991). The Russell-Wiener construction of time from events (Kamp (...)
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  19. R. A. Marques Pereira (1989). Real and Holomorphic SuSy Algebras. Foundations of Physics 19 (6):755-782.score: 30.0
    We propose a new constructive scheme for real SuSy algebras within the general formalism of real Clifford algebra theory, and use it to characterize a natural holomorphic extension admitted by a subclass of real SuSy algebras in signaturess−t=3 mod 4. The resulting holomorphic SuSy algebras are the abstract models of a new type of supersymmetry algebras, already known to be relevant in the development of canonical or Hamiltonian methods in superspace.
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  20. R. Aldrovandi, A. L. Barbosa, M. Calçada & J. G. Pereira (2003). Kinematics of a Spacetime with an Infinite Cosmological Constant. Foundations of Physics 33 (4):613-624.score: 30.0
    A solution of the sourceless Einstein's equation with an infinite value for the cosmological constant Λ is discussed by using Inönü–Wigner contractions of the de Sitter groups and spaces. When Λ→∞, spacetime becomes a four-dimensional cone, dual to Minkowski space by a spacetime inversion. This inversion relates the four-cone vertex to the infinity of Minkowski space, and the four-cone infinity to the Minkowski light-cone. The non-relativistic limit c→∞ is further considered, the kinematical group in this case being a modified Galilei (...)
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  21. Tim Fernando, Compositionality and Context.score: 30.0
    This course aims to assess the principle of compositionality (CP) and how it fits with recent developments in natural language interpretation, especially those that stress the role of context. We first try to lay down a suitable formal framework for CP, reviewing proposals by Montague, Janssen, Hendriks, Kracht and Hodges. Versions of CP of varying strength are formulated, and some recent results on the existence of compositional semantics and the (much debated) issue of the empirical import of CP discussed. Complementing (...)
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  22. Tim Fernando (2011). Constructing Situations and Time. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (3):371 - 396.score: 30.0
    Situations serving as partial worlds as well as events in natural language semantics are constructed from a type-theoretic interpretation of firstorder formulae and (after a type reduction) temporal formulae. Limitations of the Russell-Wiener-Kamp derivation of time from events are discussed and overcome to give a more widely applicable account of temporal granularity. Finite situations are formulated as strings of observations, conceptualized to persist inertially (in the absence of forces).
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  23. Mario Fernando, Shyamali Dharmage & Shamika Almeida (2008). Ethical Ideologies of Senior Australian Managers: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):145 - 155.score: 30.0
    Forsyth’s (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire and Hunt et al.’s (1989) Corporate Ethical Value Questionnaire are used to examine the ethical ideologies of senior managers from organizations listed in the Australian Stock Exchange. The results indicate how corporate ethical values, religion, gender, and age are related to the idealism and relativism of senior Australian managers. After discussing the results, limitations of the study are offered. Finally, managerial implications are provided and recommendations for future research are given.
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  24. Tim Fernando (2007). Observing Events and Situations in Time. Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (5):527-550.score: 30.0
    Events and situations are represented by strings of temporally ordered observations, on the basis of which the events and situations are recognized. Allen’s basic interval relations are derived from superposing strings that mark interval boundaries, and Kamp’s event structures are constructed as projective limits of strings. Observations are generalized to temporal propositions, leading to event-types that classify event-instances. Working with sets of strings built from temporal propositions, we obtain natural notions of bounded entailment from set inclusions. These inclusions are decidable (...)
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  25. Tim Fernando, Three Processes in Natural Language Interpretation.score: 30.0
    To address complications involving ambiguity, presupposition and implicature, three processes underlying natural language interpretation are isolated: translation, entailment and attunement. A meta-language integrating these processes is outlined, elaborating on a proof-theoretic approach to presupposition.
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  26. Timothy E. O'Connor, Julien S. Murphy, Irving H. Anellis, Pavel Kovaly, Nigel Gibson, N. G. O. Pereira, Fred Seddon, Oliva Blanchette & Friedrich Rapp (1996). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 48 (2-4):135-137.score: 30.0
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  27. R. Aldrovandi, J. G. Pereira & K. H. Vu (2007). The Nonlinear Essence of Gravitational Waves. Foundations of Physics 37 (10):1503-1517.score: 30.0
    A critical review of gravitational wave theory is made. It is pointed out that the usual linear approach to the gravitational wave theory is neither conceptually consistent nor mathematically justified. Relying upon that analysis it is argued that—analogously to a Yang-Mills propagating field, which must be nonlinear to carry its gauge charge—a gravitational wave must necessarily be nonlinear to transport its own charge—that is, energy-momentum.
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  28. Tim Fernando (1997). Ambiguity Under Changing Contexts. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (6):575-606.score: 30.0
    Notions of disambiguation supporting a compositional interpretation ofvambiguous expressions and reflecting intuitions about how sentences combinevin discourse are investigated. Expressions are analyzed both inductively byvbreaking them apart, and co-inductively by embedding them within larger contexts.
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  29. Tim Fernando, Conservative Generalized Quantifiers and Presupposition.score: 30.0
    Conservativity in generalized quantifiers is linked to presupposition filtering, under a propositions-as-types analysis extended with dependent quantifiers. That analysis is underpinned by modeltheoretically interpretable proofs which inhabit propositions they prove, thereby providing objects for quantification and hooks for anaphora.
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  30. Tim Fernando, Situations From Events to Proofs.score: 30.0
    String representations of events are applied to Robin Cooper’s proposal that propositions in natural language semantics are types of situations. Links with the higher types of prooftheoretic semantics are forged, deepening type-theoretic interpretations of Discourse Representation Structures to encompass event structures.
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  31. Tim Fernando, Entailments in Finite-State Temporality.score: 30.0
    The “surge in use of finite-state methods” ([10]) in computational linguistics has largely, if not completely, left semantics untouched. The present paper is directed towards correcting this situation. Techniques explained in [1] are applied to a fragment of temporal semantics through an approach we call finite-state temporality. This proceeds from the intuition of an event as “a series of snapshots” ([15]; see also [12]), equating snapshots with symbols that collectively form our alphabet. A sequence of snapshots then becomes a string (...)
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  32. Ruth M. Kempson, Tim Fernando & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (2012). Philosophy of Linguistics. North Holland.score: 30.0
    This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of linguistics ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out both the foundational assumptions set during the second half of ...
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  33. Alfredo Pereira (2007). Peter Gärdenfors, Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 17 (4):493-496.score: 30.0
  34. Alfredo Pereira (2001). Coexisting Spatio-Temporalsscales in Neuroscience. Minds and Machines 11 (4).score: 30.0
    In this study I propose an epistemological discussion of multiple spatio-temporal scales in neuroscience. Are such scales merely convenient levels of description of structure and function, or do they correspond to irreducible levels of brain organization? What criteria should we employ in order to reduce one level to another, or to identify levels that are not reducible to others? Should we think of these criteria as based on empirical and/or theoretical reasons? Beginning with an empirical criterion – the necessity of (...)
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  35. Luís Pereira (2008). The PCF Conjecture and Large Cardinals. Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):674 - 688.score: 30.0
    We prove that a combinatorial consequence of the negation of the PCF conjecture for intervals, involving free subsets relative to set mappings, is not implied by even the strongest known large cardinal axiom.
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  36. Luiz Carlos Pereira (1997). Review of Michael Detlefsen (Ed.), Proof, Logic and Formalization; and Michael Detlefsen (Ed.), Proof and Knowledge in Mathematics. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 47 (2):245-254.score: 30.0
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  37. Mario Fernando & Rafi M. M. I. Chowdhury (2010). The Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Ethical Orientations in Decision Making: An Empirical Study with Business Executives in Australia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):211 - 225.score: 30.0
    The relationship between spiritual wellbeing and ethical orientations in decision making is examined through a survey of executives in organizations listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. The four domains of spiritual well-being, personal, communal, environmental and transcendental (Fisher, Spiritual health: its nature and place in the school curriculum, PhD thesis, University of Melbourne, 1998; Gomez and Fisher, Pers Individ Differ 35:1975–1991, 2003) are examined in relation to idealism and relativism (Forsyth, J Pers Soc Psychol 39(1): 175–184, 1980). Results reveal that (...)
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  38. Alfredo Pereira & Gene Johnson (2003). Toward an Explanation of the Genesis of Ketamine-Induced Perceptual Distortions and Hallucinatory States. Brain and Mind 4 (3):307-326.score: 30.0
    The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) channel has been proposed to function as a coincidence-detection mechanism for afferent and reentrant signals, supporting conscious perception, learning, and memory formation. In this paper we discuss the genesis of distorted perceptual states induced by subanesthetic doses of ketamine, a well-known NMDA antagonist. NMDAR blockage has been suggested to perturb perceptual processing in sensory cortex, and also to decrease GABAergic inhibition in limbic areas (leading to an increase in dopamine excitability). We propose that perceptual distortions and (...)
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  39. Tim Fernando, Comic Relief for Anankastic Conditionals.score: 30.0
    Anankastic conditionals are analyzed in terms of events conceived as sequences of snapshots – roughly, comics. Quantification is applied not to worlds (sets of which are customarily identified with propositions) but to strings that record observations of actions. The account generalizes to other types of conditionals, sidestepping certain well-known problems that beset possible worlds treatments, such as logical omniscience and irrelevance. A refinement for anankastic conditionals is considered, incorporating action relations.
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  40. Tim Fernando, 'The Proper Treatment of Events' in Comics.score: 30.0
    ‘The proper treatment of events’ is the title of a recent book [LH04] by M. van Lambalgen and F. Hamm, applying the event calculus from [Sha97] to natural language semantics. Some basic ideas behind that treatment are presented in a technically different form below, shaped by a concrete formulation of events as strings of sets of fluents ([Fer04]). These strings can be read as comic strips that are (I think) easy to grasp and work with, providing a friendly (if not (...)
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  41. R. Aldrovandi & J. G. Pereira (2009). De Sitter Relativity: A New Road to Quantum Gravity? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (1):1-19.score: 30.0
    The Poincaré group generalizes the Galilei group for high-velocity kinematics. The de Sitter group is assumed to go one step further, generalizing Poincaré as the group governing high-energy kinematics. In other words, ordinary special relativity is here replaced by de Sitter relativity. In this theory, the cosmological constant Λ is no longer a free parameter, and can be determined in terms of other quantities. When applied to the whole universe, it is able to predict the value of Λ and to (...)
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  42. Carlos Viegas Damásio & Luís Moniz Pereira (2002). Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs as Residuated Logic Programs. Studia Logica 72 (1):113 - 138.score: 30.0
    In this paper we show the embedding of Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs into the rather general framework of Residuated Logic Programs, where the main results of (definite) logic programming are validly extrapolated, namely the extension of the immediate consequences operator of van Emden and Kowalski. The importance of this result is that for the first time a framework encompassing several quite distinct logic programming semantics is described, namely Generalized Annotated Logic Programs, Fuzzy Logic Programming, Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs, and Possibilistic (...)
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  43. Alicia M. Evans, David A. Pereira & Judith M. Parker (2008). Occupational Distress in Nursing: A Psychoanalytic Reading of the Literature. Nursing Philosophy 9 (3):195-204.score: 30.0
    Abstract Occupational stress in nursing has attracted considerable attention as a focus for research and as a consequence multiple objects of nurses' stress, or 'stressors', have been identified. This paper puts into question the dominant conceptual and methodological approach to occupational stress in nursing research by both foregrounding the notion of anxiety and juxtaposing it with the notion of 'stress'. It is argued that the notion of 'stress' and the domination of the questionnaire have produced a narrow reading of the (...)
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  44. Tim Fernando (1994). Bisimulations and Predicate Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):924-944.score: 30.0
    are considered with a view toward analyzing operational semantics from the perspective of predicate logic. The notion of a bisimulation is employed in two distinct ways: (i) as an extensional notion of equivalence on programs (or processes) generalizing input/output equivalence (at a cost exceeding II' ,over certain transition predicates computable in log space). and (ii) as a tool for analyzing the dependence of transitions on data (which can be shown to be elementary or nonelementary. depending on the formulation of the (...)
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  45. Tim Fernando, Strings Over Intervals.score: 30.0
    Intervals and the events that occur in them are encoded as strings, elaborating on a conception of events as “intervals cum description.” Notions of satisfaction in interval temporal logics are formulated in terms of strings, and the possibility of computing these via finite-state machines/transducers is investigated. This opens up temporal semantics to finite-state methods, with entailments that are decidable insofar as these can be reduced to inclusions between regular languages.
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  46. Tim Fernando, The Yale Shooting Problem.score: 30.0
    The Yale Shooting Problem introduced by Steve Hanks & Drew McDermott (1987) is a well-known test case of non-monotonic temporal reasoning. There is a sequence of situations. In the initial situation a gun is not loaded and the target is alive. In the next situation the gun is loaded. Eventually, a shot is fired, perhaps with fatal consequences. In this scenario there are two "fluents", alive and loaded, and two actions, load and shoot. Being loaded and being alive are inert (...)
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  47. Leonardo Dorneles Gonçalves & Vilmar Alves Pereira (2013). A extensão universitária a partir de Jürgen Habermas e Enrique Leff // The university extension from Jürgen Habermas and Enrique Leff. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18 (2):13-27.score: 30.0
    O debate sobre modernidade e racionalidade consiste num referencial que ocupa espaço no campo das ciências humanas e demais campos do saber. Este estudo pretende discutir essa relação aproximando-a do terreno da Educação Ambiental. Desse modo num primeiro momento o texto situa a modernidade e a racionalidade; num segundo, apresentar a contribuição de Habermas sobre a temática e finalmente busca fazer algumas aproximações com Enrique Leff a partir do conceito de racionalidade ambiental. Interessa-nos também nessa parte buscar compreender em que (...)
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  48. Newton Gomes Pereira (2013). A realidade dos direitos humanos na democracia: Um diálogo entre O pensamento de Arendt E de tocqueville. Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 22:122-128.score: 30.0
    This paper aims at pointing out the parallel between the contradictions within the foundations of the Theory of Human Rights, according to Hannah Arendt’s approach, and the paradoxes in the democratic societies, in Alexis de Tocqueville’s and Claude Lefort’s points of view. Moreover, I would like to state the importance of the concrete efetiveness of human rights in contemporary democratic societies.
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  49. Roberto Horácio Sá Pereira (2012). Uma Defesa da Concepção Existencial do Conteúdo da Percepção. Doispontos 9 (2).score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is twofold: to consider in detail the objections against the existentialist view of the content of visual experience and to develop and defend a version of it that avoids these objections, solving, specifically, the so-called "particularity problem." The main thesis is that the existential content of visual experience must be understood as relativized, incomplete content (rather than a classical, complete proposition), modeled as a function of the sextuple of object, agent, time, location, causal relation, and (...)
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