Search results for 'Fertilization in vitro, Human Law and legislation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Zelman Cowen (1985/1986). Reflections on Medicine, Biotechnology, and the Law. Distributed by the University of Nebraska Press.score: 1380.0
     
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  2. Jan Stepan (ed.) (1990). International Survey of Laws on Assisted Procreation. Schulthess Polygraphischer Verlag.score: 1344.0
  3. Albin Eser, Hans-Georg Koch & Carola Seith (eds.) (2007). Internationale Perspektiven Zu Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Rechtliche Regelungen Und Stand der Debatte Im Ausland = International Perspectives on the Status and Protection of the Extracorporeal Embryo. Nomos.score: 1326.0
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  4. Ana Cláudia Brandão de Barros Correia Ferraz (2009). Reprodução Humana Assistida E Suas Consequências Nas Relações de Família: A Filiação E a Origem Genética Sob a Perspectiva da Repersonalização. Juruá Editora.score: 1326.0
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  5. Brigitte Feuillet-Liger (ed.) (2008). Procréation Médicalement Assistée Et Anonymat, Panorama International. Bruylant.score: 1326.0
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  6. Andrés Ollero (2006). Bioderecho: Entre la Vida y la Muerte. Thomson/Aranzadi.score: 1326.0
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  7. Carola Seith (2007). Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Eine Rechtsvergleichende Studie. Nomos.score: 1326.0
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  8. Prof Dr H. W. Michelmann & B. Hinney (1995). Ethical Reflections on the Status of the Preimplantation Embryo Leading to the German Embryo Protection Act. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (2):145-150.score: 1140.0
    Ethical conflicts have always been connected with new techniques of reproductive medicine such as in-vitro fertilization. The fundamental question is: When does human life begin and from which stage of development should the embryo be protected? This question cannot be solved by scientific findings only. In prenatal ontogenesis there is no moment during the development from the fertilized oocyte to a human being which could be recognized as an orientation point for all ethical problems connected with the (...)
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  9. Uwe Koerner (1989). Policy Positions on in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer in Human Individuals (German Democratic Republic, 1985). Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):355-358.score: 1115.0
    Recommandations have been formulated in 1985 with reference to socialist morality and law and as a result of interdisciplinary discussion by the IAME (Interdisciplinary Working Party on Medical Ethics at the GDR Academy of Postgraduate Medical Education) for clinical application of in vitro fertilization and for the use of human oocytes and early embryonic stages.
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  10. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.score: 708.0
     
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  11. Marc Germond (1998). Ethical Problems in Medically Assisted Procreation. Ethik in der Medizin 10 (1):34-45.score: 663.3
    The risks associated with the techniques of medically assisted procreation (MAP) rapidly became well-known, and in such a short space of time that no biomedical domain remained untouched by the great deal of thinking and the expression of a multitude of opinions it provoked. MAP is evolving between two poles: quality/misuse (even violation) and evidence/fantasy. The ethics will be evoked in the clinical reality from which they spring and where their justification lies. The three objects common to these ethics, the (...)
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  12. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.score: 636.0
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on human subjects (...)
     
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  13. Mircea Leabu (2012). Christianity and Bioethics. Seeking Arguments for Stem Cell Research in Genesis. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):72-87.score: 624.0
    Many Christian scholars, if not all of them, consider Genesis to be foundational texts of the Bible and the spring for all the other doctrines of the Scripture. Therefore, I'm considering the attempt to search and find arguments for cell therapy ethical issues in the fundamental text of Genesis as a challenging and educative task. Moreover, this could be the first step in analyzing the relationships between Christian religions and bioethics, in terms of finding reasonable decisions for ethical challenges, raised (...)
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  14. Eric Sills & Sarah Murphy (2009). Determining the Status of Non-Transferred Embryos in Ireland: A Conspectus of Case Law and Implications for Clinical IVF Practice. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):8.score: 590.0
    The development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) as a treatment for human infertilty was among the most controversial medical achievements of the modern era. In Ireland, the fate and status of supranumary (non-transferred) embryos derived from IVF brings challenges both for clinical practice and public health policy because there is no judicial or legislative framework in place to address the medical, scientific, or ethical uncertainties. Complex legal issues exist regarding informed consent and ownership of embryos, particularly the use of (...)
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  15. Godfrey B. Tangwa (2008). Third Party Assisted Conception: An African Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):297-306.score: 588.0
    The central importance of reproduction in all human cultures has given rise to many methods and techniques of assisting reproduction or overcoming infertility. Such methods and techniques have achieved spectacular successes in the Western world, where processes like in vitro fertilization (IVF) constitute a remarkable breakthrough. In this paper, the author attempts to reflect critically on assisted reproduction technologies (ART) from the background and perspective of African culture, a culture within which human reproduction is given the highest (...)
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  16. Jennifer Gunning, Veronica English & Max Charlesworth (1996). Human In Vitro Fertilization: A Case Study in the Regulation of Medical Innovation. Bioethics-Oxford 10 (2):156-157.score: 588.0
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  17. Leroy Walters (1979). Human In Vitro Fertilization: A Review of the Ethical Literature. [REVIEW] Hastings Center Report 9 (4):23-43.score: 588.0
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  18. Lee M. Silver (1990). New Reproductive Technologies in the Treatment of Human Infertility and Genetic Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).score: 560.0
    In this paper I will discuss three areas in which advances in human reproductive technology could occur, their uses and abuses, and their effects on society. First is the potential to drastically increase the success rate and availability of in vitro fertilization and embryo freezing. Second is the ability to perform biopsies on embryos prior to the onset of pregnancy. Finally, I will consider the adding or altering of genes in embryos, commonly referred to as genetic engineering.As new (...)
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  19. David W. Meyers (2006). The Human Body and the Law: A Medico-Legal Study. Aldine Transaction.score: 548.0
    Thus, Meyers provides a valuable account, not only of current medical attitudes, but also of relevant case and statute law as it stands at present.
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  20. E. Christian Brugger (2009). “Other Selves”: Moral and Legal Proposals Regarding the Personhood of Cryopreserved Human Embryos. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):105-129.score: 540.7
    This essay has two purposes. The first is to argue that our moral duties towards human embryos should be assessed in light of the Golden Rule by asking the normative question, “how would I want to be treated if I were an embryo?” Some reject the proposition “I was an embryo” on the basis that embryos should not be recognized as persons. This essay replies to five common arguments denying the personhood of human embryos: (1) that early (...) embryos lack ontological individuation; (2) that they are members of the species Homo sapiens but not yet human persons; (3) that the argument for personhood commits the “heap argument” fallacy; (4) that since human procreation in nature is inefficient, human embryos cannot be persons; and (5) the “burning building” scenario proves that all arguments for personhood are irrational or inconsistent. The second purpose is to set forth and criticize in light of the normative judgement defended in part one the present legal situation of cryo-preserved embryos in the U.S. The essay ends by proposing legislative reforms to protect ex utero human embryos. (shrink)
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  21. Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.score: 540.0
    Since its inception as an international requirement to protect patients and healthy volunteers taking part in medical research, informed consent has become the primary consideration in research ethics. Despite the ubiquity of consent, however, scholars have begun to question its adequacy for contemporary biomedical research. This book explores this issue, reviewing the application of consent to genetic research, clinical trials, and research involving vulnerable populations. For example, in genetic research, information obtained from an autonomous research participant may have significant bearing (...)
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  22. Stefan Kirchner (2013). Natural Law as Biolaw. Jurisprudence 20 (1):23-39.score: 536.0
    This article investigates the use of natural law in biolaw from the specific perspective of an attorney practising before the European Court of Human Rights. Starting from an exploration of the question of who is a human and thereby to be protected under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), particular emphasis is placed on the right to life under Art. 2(1) ECHR. It is shown that natural law can – and should – impact the interpretation of (...)
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  23. Aaron L. Mackler (1997). An Expanded Partnership with God? In Vitro Fertilization in Jewish Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (2):277 - 304.score: 532.0
    Judaism has understood procreation as representing a partnership between God and humans, calling for both human reverence and action. The development of in vitro fertilization raises questions about the implications of this partnership and applications of this technology. A holistic approach to Jewish ethics, drawing on traditional sources, suggests that it can be appropriate for an infertile couple to utilize IVF using their own sperm and egg to have a child. The use of donated sperm, eggs, and embryos (...)
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  24. C. Richie (2012). Applying Catholic Responsibility to In Vitro Fertilization: Obligations to the Spouse, the Body, and the Common Good. Christian Bioethics 18 (3):271-286.score: 532.0
    After the typical theological and bioethical questions about in vitro fertilization (IVF) are vetted, there remains a three-dimensional understanding of responsibility that is not typically considered in Christian bioethics. This paper will explore responsibility to the spouses’ loving union, their bodies, and society in order to ascertain the morality of IVF. In a marriage partnership, the spouses’ primary responsibility is to each other. Although in matrimony physical union is essential to marriage, children are not. The second dimension of responsibility (...)
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  25. Evan Fox-Decent, The Charter and Administrative Law: Cross-Fertilization in Public Law.score: 528.0
    The relationship between Canadian administrative law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is complex and still unfolding. If a decision touches a Charter right, frontline decision-makers and reviewing courts alike determine the requirements of legality using the Charter, administrative law principles, or some combination of the two. There is an emerging consensus that the Charter does not replace the common law, but rather embodies and supplements fundamental legal principles contained within it.This chapter sets out various ways in which (...)
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  26. David W. Meyers (1990). The Human Body and the Law. Stanford University Press.score: 520.0
    Mother and Fetus: Rights in Conflict A. INTRODUCTION After fertilization of the female egg (ovum) with male sperm the resulting zygote may implant ...
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  27. Marius Jonaitis & Albertas Milinis (2011). Human Life as Legal Value and its Protection in the Roman Law (article in Lithuanian). Jurisprudence 18 (3):821-840.score: 504.0
    Right to life is an essential natural right protected and defended by law. The aim of this publication is to discuss the main issues regarding human right to life and its protection in the Roman law. Article deals with the problems of beginning and end of the human life and legal capacity in Rome, elements of legal protection of slaves and family members subject to pater familias life as well as the principle crimes attempting to human life. (...)
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  28. Ulf Schmidt (2004). Justice at Nuremberg: Leo Alexander and the Nazi Doctors' Trial. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 492.0
    Justice at Nuremberg traces the history of the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial held in 1946-47, as seen through the eyes of the Austrian bliogemigrbliogé psychiatrist Leo Alexander. His investigations helped the United States to prosecute twenty German doctors and three administrators for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The legacy of Nuremberg was profound. In the Nuremberg code--a landmark in the history of modern medical ethics--the judges laid down, for the first time, international guidelines for permissible experiments on humans. One of (...)
     
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  29. Pierre Mallia (2010). Problems Faced with Legislating for IVF Technology in a Roman Catholic Country. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):77-87.score: 470.0
    Malta traditionally enjoys a Roman Catholic Society, with the official religion of the country being cited in the second article of the constitution. Recently the government proposed to legislate to regulate human reproductive technology, in particular In Vitro Fertilization, which has been practiced for over two decades without controlling legislation. A Parliamentary Committee for social affairs was set up to study the situation inviting most stakeholders. The arguments gravitated mostly on issues of the status of the embryo (...)
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  30. Hazel Biggs (2010). Healthcare Research Ethics and Law: Regulation, Review and Responsibility. Routledge-Cavendish.score: 468.0
    The book explores and explains the relationship between law and ethics in the context of medically related research in order to provide a practical guide to ...
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  31. Thérèse Murphy (ed.) (2009). New Technologies and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.score: 468.0
    The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than 20 years later, we had cloning and GM food, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. In 2000, the human genome was sequenced. More recently, there has been much discussion of the economic and social benefits of nanotechnology, and synthetic biology has also been generating controversy. This important volume is a timely contribution to increasing calls for regulation - or better regulation - of these and other (...)
     
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  32. Carolyn Mcleod & Françoise Baylis (2007). Donating Fresh Versus Frozen Embryos to Stem Cell Research: In Whose Interests? Bioethics 21 (9):465–477.score: 456.0
    Some stem cell researchers believe that it is easier to derive human embryonic stem cells from fresh rather than frozen embryos and they have had in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinicians invite their infertility patients to donate their fresh embryos for research use. These embryos include those that are deemed 'suitable for transfer' (i.e. to the woman's uterus) and those deemed unsuitable in this regard. This paper focuses on fresh embryos deemed suitable for transfer - hereafter 'fresh embryos'- which (...)
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  33. Anne T. Gallagher (2011). Improving the Effectiveness of the International Law of Human Trafficking: A Vision for the Future of the US Trafficking in Persons Reports. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 12 (3):381-400.score: 456.0
    In 2000, the United States Congress passed the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act requiring its State Department to issue annual Trafficking in Persons Reports (TIP Reports) describing “the nature and extent of severe forms of trafficking in persons” and assessing governmental efforts across the world to combat such trafficking against criteria established by US law. This article examines the opportunities and risks presented by the TIP Reports, tracing their evolution over the past decade and considering their impact on (...)
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  34. John Harris (1983). In Vitro Fertilization: The Ethical Issues (I). Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):217-237.score: 448.0
    In vitro embryology not only makes possible the growing of human tissue to remedy infertility but also for many other experimental purposes. This paper examines the ethical issues involved in such work and outlines the circumstances in which such work is morally permissible and those in which it is not.
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  35. Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth R. Faden & Daniel D. Federman (eds.) (1994). Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies. National Academy Press.score: 420.0
    Executive Summary There is a general perception that biomedical research has not given the same attention to the health problems of women that it has given ...
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  36. Pamela A. Andanda (2006). The Law and Regulation of Clinical Research: Interplay with Public Policy and Bioethics. Focus Publilshers.score: 420.0
     
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  37. André den Exter (ed.) (2010). Human Rights and Biomedicine. Maklu.score: 420.0
     
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  38. Aurora Plomer (2005). The Law and Ethics of Medical Research: International Bioethics and Human Rights. Cavendish.score: 408.0
    This book examines the controversies surrounding biomedical research in the twenty-first century from a human rights perspective, analyzing the evolution and ...
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  39. Edward McWhinney, Sienho Yee & Jacques-Yvan Morin (eds.) (2009). Multiculturalism and International Law: Essays in Honour of Edward Mcwhinney. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.score: 408.0
    This volume examines the role and influence of multiculturalism in general theories of international law; in the composition and functioning of international ...
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  40. Jerry Menikoff (2006). What the Doctor Didn't Say: The Hidden Truth About Medical Research. Oxford University Press.score: 404.0
    Most people know precious little about the risks and benefits of participating in a clinical trial--a medical research study involving some innovative treatment for a medical problem. Yet millions of people each year participate anyway. Patients at Risk explains the reality: that our current system intentionally hides much of the information people need to make the right choice about whether to participate. Witness the following scenarios: -Hundreds of patients with colon cancer undergo a new form of keyhole surgery at leading (...)
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  41. Robert J. Levine (1986). Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research. Urban & Schwarzenberg.score: 404.0
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  42. Nikolaus Knoepffler (2012). Der Beginn der Menschlichen Person Und Bioethische Konfliktfälle: Anfragen an Das Lehramt. Herder.score: 400.0
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  43. Solveiga Cirtautienė (2013). Impact of Human Rights on Private Law in Lithuania and Other European Countries: Problematic Aspects. Jurisprudence 20 (1):77-90.score: 396.0
    The aim of this article is to investigate the problem how and to what extent human rights affect the relationships between private parties and what consequences this effect has for the development of private law in Lithuania and other European countries. Because Lithuanian legal doctrine lacks relevant research on this subject-matter, the author seeks to start and invoke the beginning of conceptual academic discourse on the matter. It is argued that despite the fact that in many countries the impact (...)
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  44. G. Albarellos & A. Laura (2007). Bioética Con Trazos Jurídicos. Editorial Porrúa.score: 384.0
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  45. Philippe Amiel (2011). Des Cobayes Et des Hommes: Expérimentation Sur l'Être Humain Et Justice. Belles Lettres.score: 384.0
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  46. Manuel Atienza (2004). Bioética, Derecho y Argumentación. Temis.score: 384.0
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  47. Jesús Ballesteros & Encarna Fernández (eds.) (2007). Biotecnología y Posthumanismo. Editorial Aranzadi.score: 384.0
    La obra recoge, desde una perspectiva interdisciplinar, las aportaciones de un grupo de investigadores españoles e italianos que han trabajado conjuntamente durante varios años en distintas cuestiones en torno a las posibilidades y riesgos de los avances biotecnológicos y su incidencia en el campo de los derechos humanos. Los estudios y debates se han realizado en el marco del programa de doctorado internacional sobre "Derechos humanos: Problemas actuales" encabezado por las Universidades de Valencia y Palermo. El Profesor Jesús Ballesteros, Catedrático (...)
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  48. Omar Campohermoso Rodríguez (2007). Etica, Bioética y Derecho Genético. Elite Impresiones.score: 384.0
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  49. Ralf H. W. Hägele (2004). Arzneimittelprüfung Am Menschen: Ein Strafrechtlicher Vergleich Aus Deutscher, Österreichischer, Schweizerischer Und Internationaler Sicht. Nomos.score: 384.0
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  50. Ralf Müller-Terpitz (ed.) (2006). Das Recht der Biomedizin: Textsammlung Mit Einführung. Springer.score: 384.0
    Die Textsammlung bietet eine Zusammenstellung aller wichtigen Rechtstexte völkerrechtlicher, gemeinschaftsrechtlicher und nationaler Natur aus dem Bereich der humanen Biomedizin.
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