Search results for 'Fertilization in vitro, Human Law and legislation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Uwe Koerner (1989). Policy Positions on in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer in Human Individuals (German Democratic Republic, 1985). Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):355-358.
    Recommandations have been formulated in 1985 with reference to socialist morality and law and as a result of interdisciplinary discussion by the IAME (Interdisciplinary Working Party on Medical Ethics at the GDR Academy of Postgraduate Medical Education) for clinical application of in vitro fertilization and for the use of human oocytes and early embryonic stages.
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  2. Zelman Cowen (1985). Reflections on Medicine, Biotechnology, and the Law. Distributed by the University of Nebraska Press.
     
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  3. Jan Stepan (ed.) (1990). International Survey of Laws on Assisted Procreation. Schulthess Polygraphischer Verlag.
  4. Albin Eser, Hans-Georg Koch & Carola Seith (eds.) (2007). Internationale Perspektiven Zu Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Rechtliche Regelungen Und Stand der Debatte Im Ausland = International Perspectives on the Status and Protection of the Extracorporeal Embryo. Nomos.
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  5. Ana Cláudia Brandão de Barros Correia Ferraz (2009). Reprodução Humana Assistida E Suas Consequências Nas Relações de Família: A Filiação E a Origem Genética Sob a Perspectiva da Repersonalização. Juruá Editora.
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  6. Brigitte Feuillet-Liger (ed.) (2008). Procréation Médicalement Assistée Et Anonymat, Panorama International. Bruylant.
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  7. Andrés Ollero (2006). Bioderecho: Entre la Vida y la Muerte. Thomson/Aranzadi.
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  8. Carola Seith (2007). Status Und Schutz des Extrakorporalen Embryos: Eine Rechtsvergleichende Studie. Nomos.
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  9.  5
    Prof Dr H. W. Michelmann & B. Hinney (1995). Ethical Reflections on the Status of the Preimplantation Embryo Leading to the German Embryo Protection Act. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (2):145-150.
    Ethical conflicts have always been connected with new techniques of reproductive medicine such as in-vitro fertilization. The fundamental question is: When does human life begin and from which stage of development should the embryo be protected? This question cannot be solved by scientific findings only. In prenatal ontogenesis there is no moment during the development from the fertilized oocyte to a human being which could be recognized as an orientation point for all ethical problems connected with the (...)
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  10. Leroy Walters (1979). Human In Vitro Fertilization: A Review of the Ethical Literature. [REVIEW] Hastings Center Report 9 (4):23-43.
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  11. Jennifer Gunning, Veronica English & Max Charlesworth (1996). Human In Vitro Fertilization: A Case Study in the Regulation of Medical Innovation. Bioethics 10 (2):156-157.
     
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  12. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.
     
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  13.  4
    C. Richie (2012). Applying Catholic Responsibility to In Vitro Fertilization: Obligations to the Spouse, the Body, and the Common Good. Christian Bioethics 18 (3):271-286.
    After the typical theological and bioethical questions about in vitro fertilization (IVF) are vetted, there remains a three-dimensional understanding of responsibility that is not typically considered in Christian bioethics. This paper will explore responsibility to the spouses’ loving union, their bodies, and society in order to ascertain the morality of IVF. In a marriage partnership, the spouses’ primary responsibility is to each other. Although in matrimony physical union is essential to marriage, children are not. The second dimension of responsibility (...)
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  14.  6
    Evan Fox-Decent, The Charter and Administrative Law: Cross-Fertilization in Public Law.
    The relationship between Canadian administrative law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is complex and still unfolding. If a decision touches a Charter right, frontline decision-makers and reviewing courts alike determine the requirements of legality using the Charter, administrative law principles, or some combination of the two. There is an emerging consensus that the Charter does not replace the common law, but rather embodies and supplements fundamental legal principles contained within it.This chapter sets out various ways in which (...)
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  15. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on human subjects (...)
     
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  16.  7
    Eric Sills & Sarah Murphy (2009). Determining the Status of Non-Transferred Embryos in Ireland: A Conspectus of Case Law and Implications for Clinical IVF Practice. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):8.
    The development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) as a treatment for human infertilty was among the most controversial medical achievements of the modern era. In Ireland, the fate and status of supranumary (non-transferred) embryos derived from IVF brings challenges both for clinical practice and public health policy because there is no judicial or legislative framework in place to address the medical, scientific, or ethical uncertainties. Complex legal issues exist regarding informed consent and ownership of embryos, particularly the use of (...)
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  17.  27
    Lee M. Silver (1990). New Reproductive Technologies in the Treatment of Human Infertility and Genetic Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).
    In this paper I will discuss three areas in which advances in human reproductive technology could occur, their uses and abuses, and their effects on society. First is the potential to drastically increase the success rate and availability of in vitro fertilization and embryo freezing. Second is the ability to perform biopsies on embryos prior to the onset of pregnancy. Finally, I will consider the adding or altering of genes in embryos, commonly referred to as genetic engineering.As new (...)
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  18.  61
    John Harris (1983). In Vitro Fertilization: The Ethical Issues (I). Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):217-237.
    In vitro embryology not only makes possible the growing of human tissue to remedy infertility but also for many other experimental purposes. This paper examines the ethical issues involved in such work and outlines the circumstances in which such work is morally permissible and those in which it is not.
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  19.  1
    Marius Jonaitis & Albertas Milinis (2011). Human Life as Legal Value and its Protection in the Roman Law (article in Lithuanian). Jurisprudence 18 (3):821-840.
    Right to life is an essential natural right protected and defended by law. The aim of this publication is to discuss the main issues regarding human right to life and its protection in the Roman law. Article deals with the problems of beginning and end of the human life and legal capacity in Rome, elements of legal protection of slaves and family members subject to pater familias life as well as the principle crimes attempting to human life. (...)
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  20.  3
    Mircea Leabu (2012). Christianity and Bioethics. Seeking Arguments for Stem Cell Research in Genesis. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):72-87.
    Many Christian scholars, if not all of them, consider Genesis to be foundational texts of the Bible and the spring for all the other doctrines of the Scripture. Therefore, I'm considering the attempt to search and find arguments for cell therapy ethical issues in the fundamental text of Genesis as a challenging and educative task. Moreover, this could be the first step in analyzing the relationships between Christian religions and bioethics, in terms of finding reasonable decisions for ethical challenges, raised (...)
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  21.  13
    David W. Meyers (2006). The Human Body and the Law: A Medico-Legal Study. Aldine Transaction.
    Thus, Meyers provides a valuable account, not only of current medical attitudes, but also of relevant case and statute law as it stands at present.
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  22.  17
    David W. Meyers (1990). The Human Body and the Law. Stanford University Press.
    Mother and Fetus: Rights in Conflict A. INTRODUCTION After fertilization of the female egg (ovum) with male sperm the resulting zygote may implant ...
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  23.  50
    Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
    Since its inception as an international requirement to protect patients and healthy volunteers taking part in medical research, informed consent has become the primary consideration in research ethics. Despite the ubiquity of consent, however, scholars have begun to question its adequacy for contemporary biomedical research. This book explores this issue, reviewing the application of consent to genetic research, clinical trials, and research involving vulnerable populations. For example, in genetic research, information obtained from an autonomous research participant may have significant bearing (...)
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  24.  4
    Aaron L. Mackler (1997). An Expanded Partnership with God? In Vitro Fertilization in Jewish Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (2):277-304.
    Judaism has understood procreation as representing a partnership between God and humans, calling for both human reverence and action. The development of in vitro fertilization raises questions about the implications of this partnership and applications of this technology. A holistic approach to Jewish ethics, drawing on traditional sources, suggests that it can be appropriate for an infertile couple to utilize IVF using their own sperm and egg to have a child. The use of donated sperm, eggs, and embryos (...)
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  25.  15
    Anne T. Gallagher (2011). Improving the Effectiveness of the International Law of Human Trafficking: A Vision for the Future of the US Trafficking in Persons Reports. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 12 (3):381-400.
    In 2000, the United States Congress passed the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act requiring its State Department to issue annual Trafficking in Persons Reports (TIP Reports) describing “the nature and extent of severe forms of trafficking in persons” and assessing governmental efforts across the world to combat such trafficking against criteria established by US law. This article examines the opportunities and risks presented by the TIP Reports, tracing their evolution over the past decade and considering their impact on (...)
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  26.  28
    Godfrey B. Tangwa (2008). Third Party Assisted Conception: An African Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):297-306.
    The central importance of reproduction in all human cultures has given rise to many methods and techniques of assisting reproduction or overcoming infertility. Such methods and techniques have achieved spectacular successes in the Western world, where processes like in vitro fertilization (IVF) constitute a remarkable breakthrough. In this paper, the author attempts to reflect critically on assisted reproduction technologies (ART) from the background and perspective of African culture, a culture within which human reproduction is given the highest (...)
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  27.  3
    Marc Germond (1998). Ethical Problems in Medically Assisted Procreation. Ethik in der Medizin 10 (1):34-45.
    The risks associated with the techniques of medically assisted procreation (MAP) rapidly became well-known, and in such a short space of time that no biomedical domain remained untouched by the great deal of thinking and the expression of a multitude of opinions it provoked. MAP is evolving between two poles: quality/misuse (even violation) and evidence/fantasy. The ethics will be evoked in the clinical reality from which they spring and where their justification lies. The three objects common to these ethics, the (...)
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  28.  3
    Brian Jones (2015). Securing the Rational Foundations of Human Living:” The Pedagogical Nature of Human Law in St. Thomas Aquinas”. New Blackfriars 96 (1065):602-620.
    Every form of government, whether by its action or inaction, encourages certain forms of behavior and discourages others. The moral well being of a society necessitates its consideration of civil law's legitimate role in shaping moral character. In this paper, I will attepmt to argue that the Thomistic account of civil law is not merely negative, but entails a positive pedagogy that seeks to nurture the moral virtue of its citizens, for both the viciously inclined and those who are already (...)
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  29.  2
    Michael Sean Pepper & M. Nőthling Slabbert (2015). Human Tissue Legislation in South Africa: Focus on Stem Cell Research and Therapy. South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 8 (2):4.
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  30.  1
    John A. Robertson & Theodore J. Schneyer (1997). Professional Self-Regulation and Shared-Risk Programs for In Vitro Fertilization. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 25 (4):283-291.
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  31. John A. Robertson & Theodore J. Schneyer (1997). Professional Self-Regulation and Shared-Risk Programs for In Vitro Fertilization. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):283-291.
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  32. Linda S. Williams (1989). No Relief Until the End: The Physical and Emotional Costs of In Vitro Fertilization. In Christine Overall (ed.), The Future of Human Reproduction. Women's Press 120--137.
     
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  33.  8
    Stefan Kirchner (2013). Natural Law as Biolaw. Jurisprudence 20 (1):23-39.
    This article investigates the use of natural law in biolaw from the specific perspective of an attorney practising before the European Court of Human Rights. Starting from an exploration of the question of who is a human and thereby to be protected under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), particular emphasis is placed on the right to life under Art. 2(1) ECHR. It is shown that natural law can – and should – impact the interpretation of (...)
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  34.  4
    Solveiga Cirtautienė (2013). Impact of Human Rights on Private Law in Lithuania and Other European Countries: Problematic Aspects. Jurisprudence 20 (1):77-90.
    The aim of this article is to investigate the problem how and to what extent human rights affect the relationships between private parties and what consequences this effect has for the development of private law in Lithuania and other European countries. Because Lithuanian legal doctrine lacks relevant research on this subject-matter, the author seeks to start and invoke the beginning of conceptual academic discourse on the matter. It is argued that despite the fact that in many countries the impact (...)
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  35.  8
    Yuval Shany (2013). Taking Universality Seriously: A Functional Approach to Extraterritoriality in International Human Rights Law. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 7 (1):47-71.
    International human rights law has struggled to define a standard for determining the extraterritorial applicability of its norms that would reconcile the ethos of universal entitlement, on the one hand, with the centrality of borders in delineating state powers and responsibilities under international law, on the other hand. The case law of the UN Human Rights Committee and the European Court of Human Rights favors barring states from engaging in conduct outside their borders that would be impermissible (...)
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  36.  5
    Indrė Pukanasytė (2009). Some Aspects Related to the Interpretation of the Right to Free Elections in the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. Jurisprudence 115 (1):155-182.
    The paper focuses on the general principles established in the caselaw of the European Court of Human Rights while applying and interpreting the Article 3 of the First Protocol of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms which provides: „The High Contracting Parties undertake to hold free elections at reasonable intervals by secret ballot, under conditions which will ensure the free expression of the opinion of the people in the choice of the legislature.“ Article (...)
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  37.  26
    Jill Marshall (2008). Women's Right to Autonomy and Identity in European Human Rights Law: Manifesting One's Religion. Res Publica 14 (3):177-192.
    Freedom of religious expression is to many a fundamental element of their identity. Yet the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights on the Islamic headscarf issue does not refer to autonomy and identity rights of the individual women claimants. The case law focuses on Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which provides a legal human right to freedom of religious expression. The way that provision is interpreted is critically contrasted here with the (...)
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  38.  1
    Viktoras Justickis & Vidmantas Egidijus Kurapka (2009). Criminogenic Security of Law in the EU and Lithuanian Legislation. Jurisprudence 117 (3):217-238.
    The study focuses on the phenomenon of crime-causing (criminogenic) law. It includes a review of related studies on such laws and their criminal side-effects, the change in the legislator’s liability for effects of enacted laws, and the effects of the legislator’s afflatus on the potential criminogenic effects of law. Of special concern are cases where the legislator is aware of the potential criminogenic side-effects of a new law but carelessly neglects them. The study evaluates the tool for detection of probable (...)
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  39.  10
    Edward McWhinney, Sienho Yee & Jacques-Yvan Morin (eds.) (2009). Multiculturalism and International Law: Essays in Honour of Edward Mcwhinney. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
    This volume examines the role and influence of multiculturalism in general theories of international law; in the composition and functioning of international ...
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  40.  26
    Edward W. Keyserlingk (1981). Artificial Insemination and in Vitro Fertilization. Bioethics Quarterly 3 (1):35-49.
    This paper explores some of the ethical (and legal) implications of artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization. In both cases the emphasis is on the interests of the potential child. It concludes that in neither case is great optimism or great pessimism appropriate. About AID, much of the legal and ethical concern has been other than child-centered, and has focused mainly on the interests of parents and donors. Three aspects expecially remain troubling: donor selection, record-keeping and disclosure and the (...)
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  41.  2
    Maria Grazia Martino (2015). The Right to Mission in Human Rights Law, “Mission to Amish People” and “Jews for Jesus”. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 14 (42):78-99.
    This paper examines the position of international human rights law towards missionary or proselytizing activities with a special focus on the American context. By evaluating UN legal acts such as the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1960 Arcot Krishnaswami Study and the 1981 Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief and the American Convention of Human Rights, it investigates the extent to which such activities fall within (...)
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  42.  19
    Judith Lorber (1989). Choice, Gift, or Patriarchal Bargain? Women's Consent to in Vitro Fertilization in Male Infertility. Hypatia 4 (3):23 - 36.
    This paper explores the reasons why women who are themselves fertile might consent to undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) with an infertile male partner. The reasons often given are desire to have that particular man's child, or altruism, giving a gift to the partner. Although ethically, the decision should be completely woman's prerogative, because IVF programs usually treat the couple as a unit, she may be offered few other options by the medical staff. In social terms, whether the woman (...)
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  43.  9
    L. Perla (2001). Is In-Vitro Fertilization for Older Women Ethical? A Personal Perspective. Nursing Ethics 8 (2):152-158.
    Fertility treatments raise a range of social and ethical issues regarding self-identity for family, sexual intimacy, and the interests and welfare of potential children. Eggs and sperm are combined to produce fertilized eggs. These eggs are then implanted as embryos and grow into viable fetuses, which are carried by the original mother or a surrogate mother. This artificial form of conception can challenge religious values and family structures. In-vitro fertilization (IVF) can be considered either as a medical miracle or (...)
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  44.  7
    Urban Wiesing (1993). In Vitro Fertilization: Regulations in Germany. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (3):321.
    In Germany — as probably worldwide — in vitro fertilization has provoked disapproval, fears, and dread, but it also raises hope and gives feelings of pride and satisfaction in a new scientific achievement. Critics look for convincing argu- ments that could ban IVF completely or at least restrict it considerably. Some of the most important arguments are outlined below.The main aspect of IVF that was new to society was that conception could take place outside the female body. Although this (...)
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  45.  11
    Aurora Plomer (2005). The Law and Ethics of Medical Research: International Bioethics and Human Rights. Cavendish.
    This book examines the controversies surrounding biomedical research in the twenty-first century from a human rights perspective, analyzing the evolution and ...
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  46.  6
    Dalia Vitkauskaitė-Meurice (2011). The Scope and Limits of the Freedom of Religion in International Human Rights Law. Jurisprudence 18 (3):841-857.
    The article examines the practice of the applicability of the Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (hereinafter—ICCPR) and Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (hereinafter—ECHR). Through the case—law of the European Court on Human Rights (hereinafter—ECtHR) and insights of the Human Rights Committee the author is investigating the content and limits of the freedom of religion. The article examines in detail the limiting clauses to the freedom (...)
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  47.  10
    Wentian Li (2012). Menzerath's Law at the Gene‐Exon Level in the Human Genome. Complexity 17 (4):49-53.
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  48.  45
    E. Christian Brugger (2009). “Other Selves”: Moral and Legal Proposals Regarding the Personhood of Cryopreserved Human Embryos. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):105-129.
    This essay has two purposes. The first is to argue that our moral duties towards human embryos should be assessed in light of the Golden Rule by asking the normative question, “how would I want to be treated if I were an embryo?” Some reject the proposition “I was an embryo” on the basis that embryos should not be recognized as persons. This essay replies to five common arguments denying the personhood of human embryos: (1) that early (...) embryos lack ontological individuation; (2) that they are members of the species Homo sapiens but not yet human persons; (3) that the argument for personhood commits the “heap argument” fallacy; (4) that since human procreation in nature is inefficient, human embryos cannot be persons; and (5) the “burning building” scenario proves that all arguments for personhood are irrational or inconsistent. The second purpose is to set forth and criticize in light of the normative judgement defended in part one the present legal situation of cryo-preserved embryos in the U.S. The essay ends by proposing legislative reforms to protect ex utero human embryos. (shrink)
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  49.  4
    Thomas A. Faunce (2007). Nanotechnology in Global Medicine and Human Biosecurity: Private Interests, Policy Dilemmas, and the Calibration of Public Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (4):629-642.
    This paper considers how best to approach dilemmas posed to global health and biosecurity policy by increasing advances in practical applications of nanotechnology. The type of nano-technology policy dilemmas discussed include: expenditure of public funds, public-funded research priorities, public confidence in government and science and, finally, public safety. The article examines the value in this context of a legal obligation that the development of relevant public health law be calibrated against less corporate-infuenced norms issuing from bioethics and international human (...)
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  50.  4
    Grady Jessup (2006). Development Law: Squaring the Circle, Advancing Human Rights in Africa. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 7 (3):96-111.
    Development law is an ethos-driven law reform paradigm that examines conditions from within the country and provides a frame of reference in which to evaluate the legal regime in the political, economic, social and cultural context. Moreover, development law provides a fresh approach to assessing existing national laws effectiveness generally; it assesses whether modifications are required to promote economic, political, and social progress, including protecting the rights of minority ethnic groups and disenfranchised peoples. By protecting rights, law can be an (...)
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