Search results for 'Fetal' (try it on Scholar)

447 found
Order:
  1.  16
    Ruth Walker & Liezl van Zyl (2015). Surrogate Motherhood and Abortion for Fetal Abnormality. Bioethics 29 (8):529-535.
    A diagnosis of fetal abnormality presents parents with a difficult – even tragic – moral dilemma. Where this diagnosis is made in the context of surrogate motherhood there is an added difficulty, namely that it is not obvious who should be involved in making decisions about abortion, for the person who would normally have the right to decide – the pregnant woman – does not intend to raise the child. This raises the question: To what extent, if at all, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  2.  15
    Lisa Campo-Engelstein (2014). Paternal-Fetal Harm and Men’s Moral Duty to Use Contraception: Applying the Principles of Nonmaleficence and Beneficence to Men’s Reproductive Responsibility. Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):1-13.
    Discussions of reproductive responsibility generally draw heavily upon the principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence. However, these principles are typically only applied to women due to the incorrect belief that only women can cause fetal harm. The cultural perception that women are likely to cause fetal and child harm is reflected in numerous social norms, policies, and laws. Conversely, there is little public discussion of men and fetal and child harm, which implies that men do not cause such (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3.  15
    Anne Drapkin Lyerly & Mary Briody Mahowald (2001). Maternal-Fetal Surgery: The Fallacy of Abstraction and the Problem of Equipoise. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 9 (2):151-165.
    When surgery is performed on pregnant women forthe sake of the fetus (MFS or maternal fetalsurgery), it is often discussed in terms of thefetus alone. This usage exemplifies whatphilosophers call the fallacy of abstraction: considering a concept as if it were separablefrom another concept whose meaning isessentially related to it. In light of theirpotential separability, research on pregnantwomen raises the possibility of conflictsbetween the interests of the woman and those ofthe fetus. Such research should meet therequirement of equipoise, i.e., a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  4.  10
    Katherine L. Waller, Anthony Volk & Vernon L. Quinsey (2004). The Effect of Infant Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Facial Features on Adoption Preference. Human Nature 15 (1):101-117.
    Infant facial characteristics may affect discriminative parental solicitude because they convey information about the health of the offspring. We examined the effect of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) infant facial characteristics on hypothetical adoption preferences, ratings of attractiveness, and ratings of health. As expected, potential parents were more likely to adopt “normal” infants, and they rated the FAS infants as less attractive and less healthy. Cuteness/attractiveness was the best predictor of adoption likelihood.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  19
    H. C. M. L. Rodrigues & P. P. van den Berg (2014). Randomized Controlled Trials of Maternal‐Fetal Surgery: A Challenge to Clinical Equipoise. Bioethics 28 (8):405-413.
    This article focuses on maternal-fetal surgery (MFS) and on the concept of clinical equipoise that is a widely accepted requirement for conducting randomized controlled trials (RCT). There are at least three reasons why equipoise is unsuitable for MFS. First, the concept is based on a misconception about the nature of clinical research and the status of research subjects. Second, given that it is not clear who the research subject/s in MFS is/are, if clinical equipoise is to be used as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  8
    Carla Meurk, Jayne Lucke & Wayne Hall (2014). A Bio-Social and Ethical Framework for Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Neuroethics 7 (3):337-344.
    The diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is embedded in a matrix of biological, social and ethical processes, making it an important topic for crossdisciplinary social and ethical research. This article reviews different branches of research relevant to understanding how FASD is identified and defined and outlines a framework for future social and ethical research in this area. We outline the character of scientific research into FASD, epidemiological discrepancies between reported patterns of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  4
    Julie Vedder (2005). Constructing Prevention: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and the Problem of Disability Models. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (2-3):107-120.
    Both the medical model and the social model of disability have substantial drawbacks for the project of creating better lives for people with disabilities; the first denies the value of difference and the effects of discrimination, and the second denies any place for prevention and cure. Using fictional and non-fictional parental narratives of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, this article argues that a third model–a morphological model of disability–can best help us think about respectfully and effectively intervening in disability.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  14
    Sonia Meyers (2010). Invisible Waves of Technology: Ultrasound and the Making of Fetal Images. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (3):197-209.
    Since the introduction of ultrasound technology in the 1960s as a tool to visibly articulate the interiors of the pregnant body, feminist scholars across disciplines have provided extensive critique regarding the visual culture of fetal imagery. Central to this discourse is the position that fetal images occupy- as products of a visualizing technology that at once penetrates and severs pregnant and fetal bodies. This visual excision, feminist scholars describe, has led not only to an erasure of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  13
    Sam N. Pennington & Ivan A. Shibley (1998). Historical Misrepresentation in Science: The Case of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):427-435.
    The history of the fetal alcohol syndrome provides a microcosm in which to explore the larger ramifications of historical citations in biomedical publications. Though some historical references such as Biblical writings may hint at a rudimentary understanding of the relationship between maternal drinking and fetal development, no definitive case can be made for an understanding of FAS dating back hundreds of years. Authors who claim an impressive history for FAS misrepresent that history. The modern history of FAS raises (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  28
    S. Derbyshire (2001). Fetal Pain: An Infantile Debate. Bioethics 15 (1):77-84.
  11.  2
    Jörg‐Detlef Drenckhahn (2009). Growth Plasticity of the Embryonic and Fetal Heart. Bioessays 31 (12):1288-1298.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  1
    A. F. Rawdon-Smith, L. Carmichael & B. Wellman (1938). Electrical Responses From the Cochlea of the Fetal Guinea Pig. Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (5):531.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Aaron S. Kesselheim, Martin T. November, Karen L. Lifford, Thomas F. McElrath, Ann L. Puopolo, E. John Orav & David M. Studdert (2010). Using Malpractice Claims to Identify Risk Factors for Neurological Impairment Among Infants Following Non‐Reassuring Fetal Heart Rate Patterns During Labour. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):476-483.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  7
    Howard Minkoff & Mary Faith Marshall (2016). Fetal Risks, Relative Risks, and Relatives' Risks. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):3-11.
    Several factors related to fetal risk render it more or less acceptable in justifying constraints on the behavior of pregnant women. Risk is an unavoidable part of pregnancy and childbirth, one that women must balance against other vital personal and family interests. Two particular issues relate to the fairness of claims that pregnant women are never entitled to put their fetuses at risk: relative risks and relatives' risks. The former have been used—often spuriously—to advance arguments against activities, such as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  15. Robert William Fischer (2014). Disgust and the Collection of Bovine Fetal Blood. In Elisa Aaltola & John Hadley (eds.), Animal Ethics and Philosophy: Questioning the Orthodoxy. Rowman & Littlefield International 151-164.
    At many slaughterhouses, if a pregnant cow is killed, then medical companies pay to harvest the fetus's blood. When you communicate the details of this process to people, many of them are disgusted. I submit that those who are repulsed thereby acquire a reason to believe that this practice is morally wrong. However, it is controversial to maintain that disgust can provide moral guidance. So, I develop a theory of disgust’s moral salience that fits with the empirical work that’s been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16.  71
    Anna Smajdor (2011). Ethical Challenges in Fetal Surgery. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (2):88-91.
    Fetal surgery has been practised for some decades now. However, it remains a highly complex area, both medically and ethically. This paper shows how the routine use of ultrasound has been a catalyst for fetal surgery, in creating new needs and new incentives for intervention. Some of the needs met by fetal surgery are those of parents and clinicians who experience stress while waiting for the birth of a fetus with known anomalies. The paper suggests that the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17.  77
    J. M. Berkowitz (1995). Mummy Was a Fetus: Motherhood and Fetal Ovarian Transplantation. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):298-304.
    Infertility affects 15 per cent of the world's couples. Research at Edinburgh University has been directed at transplanting fetal ovarian tissue into infertile women, thus enabling them to bear children. Fetal ovary transplantation (FOT) has generated substantial controversy; in fact, one ethicist deemed the procedure 'so grotesque as to be unbelievable' (1). Some have suggested that fetal eggs may harbour unknown chromosomal abnormalities: however, there is no evidence that these eggs possess a higher incidence of genetic anomaly (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. E. Christian Brugger (2012). The Problem of Fetal Pain and Abortion: Toward an Ethical Consensus for Appropriate Behavior. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (3):263-287.
    This essay concerns what people should do in conflict situations when a doubt of fact bears on settling whether an alternative under consideration is legitimate or not. Its principal audience are those who believe that abortion can be legitimate when not having an abortion gives rise to serious harms that can be avoided by having one, but who are concerned that fetuses might feel pain when being aborted, and who believe that causing unnecessary pain should be avoided when doing so (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  28
    Francis J. Beckwith (2014). Does Judith Jarvis Thomson Really Grant the Pro-Life View of Fetal Personhood in Her Defense of Abortion? International Philosophical Quarterly 54 (4):443-451.
    In her ground-breaking 1971 article, “A Defense of Abortion,” Judith Jarvis Thomson argues that even if one grants to the prolifer her most important premise—that the fetus is a person—the prolifer’s conclusion, the intrinsic wrongness of abortion, does not follow. However, in her 1995 article, “Abortion: Whose Right?,” Thomson employs Rawlsian liberalism to argue that even though the prolifer’s view of fetal personhood is not unreasonable, the prochoice advocate is not unreasonable in rejecting it. Thus, because we should err (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  50
    H. C. M. L. Rodrigues, P. P. van den Berg & M. Duwell (2013). Dotting the I's and Crossing the T's: Autonomy and/or Beneficence? The 'Fetus as a Patient' in Maternal–Fetal Surgery. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):219-223.
    Chervenak and McCullough, authors of the most acknowledged ethical framework for maternal–fetal surgery, rely on the ‘ethical–obstetrical’ concept of the fetus as a patient in order to determine what is morally owed to fetuses by both physicians and the women who gestate them in the context of prenatal surgery. In this article, we reconstruct the argumentative structure of their framework and present an internal criticism. First, we analyse the justificatory arguments put forward by the authors regarding the moral status (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  18
    Gracia Barr & Harold Herzogl (2000). Fetal Pig:The High School Dissection Experience. Society and Animals 8 (1):53-69.
    Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class.The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  3
    Lynn Gillam (1997). Arguing by Analogy in the Fetal Tissue Debate. Bioethics 11 (5):397-412.
    In the debate over fetal tissue use, an analogy is often drawn between removing organs from the body of a person who has been murdered to use for transplantation, and collecting tissue from an aborted fetus to use for the same purpose. The murder victim analogy is taken by its proponents to show that even if abortion is the moral equivalent of murder, there is still no good reason to refrain from using the fetal tissue, since as a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  23.  44
    C. Strong (1991). Fetal Tissue Transplantation: Can It Be Morally Insulated From Abortion? Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):70-76.
    Ethical controversy over transplantation of human fetal tissue has arisen because the source of tissue is induced abortions. Opposition to such transplants has been based on various arguments, including the following: rightful informed consent cannot be obtained for use of fetal tissue from induced abortions, and fetal tissue transplantation might result in an increase in the number of abortions. These arguments were not accepted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Research Panel. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24.  41
    Roland R. Brusseau & George A. Mashour (2007). Subcortical Consciousness: Implications for Fetal Anesthesia and Analgesia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):86-87.
    In this commentary we discuss the possibility of subcortical consciousness and its implications for fetal anesthesia and analgesia. We review the neural development of structural and functional elements that may participate in conscious representation, with a particular focus on the experience of pain. (Published Online May 1 2007).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  8
    M. S. Raucher (2009). What They Mean by "Good Science': The Medical Community's Response to Boutique Fetal Ultrasounds. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (5):528-544.
    Since 1994, when the first fetal imaging boutique appeared in Texas, many sites have been established around the country for parents to receive nonmedical fetal imaging using three- and four-dimensional ultrasound machines. These businesses boast the benefits they offer to parental-fetal bonding, but the medical community objects to the use of ultrasound machines for nonmedical purposes. In this article, I present the statements released by the medical community, highlighting the alarmist strategies used to paint boutique ultrasounds as (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26.  55
    M. C. Reid & G. Gillett (1997). The Case of Medea--A View of Fetal-Maternal Conflict. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (1):19-25.
    Medea killed her children to take away the smile from her husband's face, according to Euripides, an offence against nature and morality. What if Medea had still been carrying her two children, perhaps due to give birth within a week or so, and had done the same? If this would also have been morally reprehensible, would that be a judgment based on her motives or on her action? We argue that the act has multiple and holistic moral features and that, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  10
    Harold Herzogl & Gracia Barr (2000). Fetal Pig:The High School Dissection Experience. Society and Animals 8 (1):53-69.
    Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class.The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  3
    Mejebi T. Mayor & Amina White (2015). “Lethal” Fetal Anomalies and Elective Cesarean. Hastings Center Report 45 (6):13-14.
    Deborah is a thirty-three-year-old who presented to labor and delivery at thirty-seven weeks gestation with complaints of contractions. Upon arrival, she explained that her fetus, Nathan, had been diagnosed with a “lethal” condition by her primary obstetrician. At twenty-two weeks gestation, an amniocentesis confirmed trisomy 13, a chromosomal abnormality leading to miscarriage or stillbirth in nearly one-half of affected pregnancies. During the admission process, Deborah voices the worry that due to Nathan's brain and heart structure, vaginal delivery could be traumatic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Andrea L. Bonnicksen (1997). Fetal Motherhood: Toward a Compulsion to Generate Lives? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):19-30.
    A scientist at Edinburgh University announced in 1994 that he had removed ovaries from, mouse fetuses and transplanted them, to adult mice. The ovaries released eggs, and conceptions occurred. Although this was not the first such attempt with mice, the study attracted attention because the researcher suggested, that fetal to adult ovarian transplants were a theoretical possibility for humans. If aborted, fetuses were used, as egg sources in assisted conception, a new entity would arise: the never-born genetic mother. Using (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30.  7
    R. L. Albin (2002). Sham Surgery Controls: Intracerebral Grafting of Fetal Tissue for Parkinson's Disease and Proposed Criteria for Use of Sham Surgery Controls. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (5):322-325.
    Sham surgery is a controversial and rarely used component of randomised clinical trials evaluating surgical interventions. The recent use of sham surgery in trials evaluating efficacy of intracerebral fetal tissue grafts in Parkinson’s disease has highlighted the ethical concerns associated with sham surgery controls. Macklin, and Dekkers and Boer argue vigorously against use of sham surgery controls. Macklin presents a broad argument against sham surgery controls while Dekkers and Boer present a narrower argument that sham surgery is unnecessary in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31.  17
    Lynn M. Morgan (1996). Fetal Relationality in Feminist Philosophy: An Anthropological Critique. Hypatia 11 (3):47 - 70.
    This essay critiques feminist treatments of maternal-fetal "relationality" that unwittingly replicate features of Western individualism (for example, the Cartesian division between the asocial body and the social-cognitive person, or the conflation of social and biological birth). I argue for a more reflexive perspective on relationality that would acknowledge how we produce persons through our actions and rhetoric. Personhood and relationality can be better analyzed as dynamic, negotiated qualities realized through social practice.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32.  27
    I. Glenn Cohen & Sadath Sayeed (2011). Fetal Pain, Abortion, Viability, and the Constitution. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (2):235-242.
    In early 2010, the Nebraska state legislature passed a new abortion restricting law asserting a new, compelling state interest in preventing fetal pain. In this article, we review existing constitutional abortion doctrine and note difficulties presented by persistent legal attention to a socially derived viability construct. We then offer a substantive biological, ethical, and legal critique of the new fetal pain rationale.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  3
    T. A. Shannon (1997). Fetal Status: Sources and Implications. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (5):415-422.
    This essay considers the ways in which the various contexts – abortion, prenatal diagnosis, fetal research, and the use of fetuses in transplantation – shape the American debate on the moral standing of the fetus. This discussion gives rise to several philosophical debates on the status of the preimplantation embryo, particularly the debate over when the preimplantation embryo becomes individuated. How that question is resolved has critical ethical and policy implications.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  2
    Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds & Eric Racine (2016). It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies. Public Health Ethics 9 (1):65-77.
    Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a leading cause of developmental delay in North America. Understanding the effects of public health practices and policies on stigma is imperative. We reviewed social science and biomedical literatures to understand the nature of stigma in FASD and its relevance from an ethics standpoint in matters of health practices and policies. We propose a descriptive model of stigma in FASD and note current knowledge gaps; discuss the ethical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  6
    Keith A. Crutcher (1995). The Ethics of Fetal Tissue Grafting Should Be Considered Along with the Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):53-54.
    In addition to the scientific and medical issues surrounding the use of fetal tissue transplants, the ethical implications should be considered. Two major ethical issues are relevant. The first of these is whether this experimental procedure can be justified on the basis of potential benefit to the patient. The second is whether the use of tissue obtained from intentionally aborted fetuses can be justified in the context of historical and existing guidelines for the protection of human subjects. The separation (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  15
    S. Woods & K. Taylor (2008). Ethical and Governance Challenges in Human Fetal Tissue Research. Clinical Ethics 3 (1):14-19.
    Genetics holds the key to understanding normal human biology and possibly many of the major causes of human disease and impairment. Research into human developmental genetics seems, therefore, to be both necessary and justified. However, such research requires the use of embryonic and fetal tissue obtained from spontaneous abortions and elective termination of pregnancy. This paper examines the arguments in favour of using tissue from elective terminations and the evolution of regulatory frameworks for this research. The paper argues that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  13
    G. de Wert, R. L. P. Berghmans, G. J. Boer, S. Andersen, B. Brambati, A. S. Carvalho, K. Dierickx, S. Elliston, P. Nunez, W. Osswald & M. Vicari (2002). Ethical Guidance on Human Embryonic and Fetal Tissue Transplantation: A European Overview. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):79-90.
    This article presents an overview ofregulations, guidelines and societal debates ineight member states of the EC about a)embryonic and fetal tissue transplantation(EFTT), and b) the use of human embryonic stemcells (hES cells) for research into celltherapy, including `therapeutic' cloning. Thereappears to be a broad acceptance of EFTT inthese countries. In most countries guidance hasbeen developed. There is a `strong' consensusabout some of the central conditions for `goodclinical practice' regarding EFTT.International differences concern, amongstothers, some of the informed consent issuesinvolved, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  2
    Paul Ramsey (1975). The Ethics of Fetal Research. Yale University Press.
    "The Ethics of Fetal Research" distinguishes between the legal and ethical questions raised by experimentation on still-living human fetuses.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39.  5
    Donald G. Stein & Marylou M. Glasier (1995). Are Fetal Brain Tissue Grafts Necessary for the Treatment of Brain Damage? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):86-107.
    Despite some clinical promise, using fetal transplants for degenerative and traumatic brain injury remains controversial and a number of issues need further attention. This response reexamines a number of questions. Issues addressed include: temporal factors relating to neural grafting, the role of behavioral experience in graft outcome, and the relationship of rebuilding of neural circuitry to functional recovery. Also discussed are organization and type of transplanted tissue, the of transplant viability, and whether transplants are really needed to obtain functional (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  13
    R. M. McMillen (1998). Antenatal Screening and Abortion for Fetal Abnormality: Medical and Ethical Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):136-137.
    Proceedings of a one day symposium for medical professionals with an interest in, or with a responsibility for, the development of ante-natal screening, fetal medicine and the provision of termination of pregnancy, held on 26 September 1996 at the Royal Society of Medicine, London. The objectives of the symposium were: to provide an occasion for the discussion of the clinical and ethical issues involved in screening for fetal abnormality and in providing the options of continuing the pregnancy or (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  4
    John Lai Yin Leung & Samantha Mei Che Pang (2009). Ethical Analysis of Non-Medical Fetal Ultrasound. Nursing Ethics 16 (5):637-646.
    Obstetric ultrasound is the well-recognized prenatal test used to visualize and determine the condition of a pregnant woman and her fetus. Apart from the clinical application, some businesses have started promoting the use of fetal ultrasound machines for nonmedical reasons. Non-medical fetal ultrasound (also known as ‘keepsake’ ultrasound) is defined as using ultrasound to view, take a picture, or determine the sex of a fetus without a medical indication. Notwithstanding the guidelines and warnings regarding ultrasound safety issued by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  11
    D. Dickenson (1995). At Women's Expense: State Power and the Politics of Fetal Rights. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (1):61-61.
    Review of Cynthia Daniels, 'At Women's Expense: State Power and the Politics of Fetal Rights'.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  14
    Ira Sprotzer & Ilene V. Goldberg (1992). Fetal Protection: Law, Ethics and Corporate Policy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (10):731-735.
    Corporate fetal protection policies are designed to protect unborn children from exposure to harmful substances in the workplace. In recent years, a number of corporations have instituted fetal protection policies which excluded all fertile female employees from jobs which exposed them to hazardous substances. Critics argued that these policies discriminated against women, and several lawsuits were filed.The United States Supreme Court recently decided a case involving the fetal protection policy of Johnson Controls, Inc. This article will analyze (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  9
    F. Anderson, A. Glasier, J. Ross & D. T. Baird (1994). Attitudes of Women to Fetal Tissue Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):36-40.
    The use of human fetal tissue for scientific research has enormous potential but is subject to government legislation. In the United Kingdom the Polkinghorne Committee's guidelines were accepted by the Department of Health in 1990. These guidelines set out to protect women undergoing termination of pregnancy from exploitation but in so doing may significantly restrict potential research. Although the committee took evidence from a wide variety of experts they did not seek the views of the general public. We asked (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  8
    C. C. Heuser, A. G. Eller & J. L. Byrne (2012). Survey of Physicians' Approach to Severe Fetal Anomalies. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):391-395.
    Objective Standards of care regarding obstetric management of life-threatening anomalies are not defined. It is hypothesised that physicians' management of these pregnancies is variable and influenced by demographic factors. Design A questionnaire was mailed to members of the Society of Maternal–Fetal Medicine with valid US addresses assessing obstetric management of both ‘uniformly lethal’ (eg, anencephaly, renal agenesis) and ‘uniformly severe, commonly lethal’ (eg, trisomy 13 and 18) anomalies. Respondents were asked to answer as if not limited by state/institutional restrictions. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  10
    Richard B. Miller (1989). On Transplanting Human Fetal Tissue: Presumptive Duties and the Task of Casuistry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (6):617-640.
    The procurement of fetal tissue for transplantation may promise great benefit to those suffering from various pathologies, e.g., neural disorders, diabetes, renal problems, and radiation sickness. However, debates about the use of fetal tissue have proceeded without much attention to ethical theory and application. Two broad moral questions are addressed here, the first formal, the second substantive: Is there a framework from other moral paradigms to assist in ethical debates about the transplantation of fetal tissue? Does the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  7
    S. Squier (1996). Fetal Subjects and Maternal Objects: Reproductive Technology and the New Fetal/Maternal Relation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (5):515-535.
    This essay examines three tendencies nurtured in the practices of reproductive technology – tendencies with profoundly disturbing implications for us as individuals and as social beings. They are: 1) the increasing subjectification of the fetus (that is, the increasing tendency to posit a fetal subject), 2) the increasing objectification of the gestating woman, leading to her representation as interchangeable object rather than unique subject, and 3) the increasing tendency to conceive of the fetus and the mother as social, medical, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  3
    Rida Usman Khalafzai (2008). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (2):9.
    Khalafzai, Rida Usman Harms of alcohol consumption are not limited to the consumer. For women, it poses a significant threat to their unborn child. This article discusses one type of alcohol-related harm to the fetus: the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  5
    D. Wilkinson (2012). Fatal Fetal Paternalism. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):396-397.
    Heuser and colleagues' survey of obstetricians provides a valuable insight into the current management of severe fetal anomalies in the United States. Their survey reveals two striking features - that counselling for these anomalies is far from neutral, and that there is significant variability between clinicians in their approach to management. In this commentary I outline the reasons to be concerned about both of these. Directiveness in counselling arguably represents a form of paternalism, and the evident variability in practice (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  6
    H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (1989). The Use of Fetal and Anencephalic Tissue for Transplantation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):25-43.
    Advances in transplantation have extended the life and relieved the suffering of thousands of individuals. The prospect of being able to use tissues from embryos, as well as from anencephalic newborns, offers the promise of further relief of suffering. However, these possibilities raise significant moral and public policy issues. The question arises of the extent to which those who disapprove of abortion may make use of tissues derived from abortion in order to treat serious diseases. This essay argues that, with (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 447