Search results for 'Figure Ground Discrimination' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ko Sakai Nobuhiko Wagatsuma, Megumi Oki (2013). Feature-Based Attention in Early Vision for the Modulation of FigureGround Segregation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 224.0
    We investigated psychophysically whether feature-based attention modulates the perception of figureground (F–G) segregation and, based on the results, we investigated computationally the neural mechanisms underlying attention modulation. In the psychophysical experiments, the attention of participants was drawn to a specific motion direction and they were then asked to judge the side of figure in an ambiguous figure with surfaces consisting of distinct motion directions. The results of these experiments showed that the surface consisting of the attended (...)
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  2. Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz (2001). The Hot Fringes of Consciousness: Perceptual Fluency and Affect. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):223-231.score: 222.0
    High figure-ground contrast usually results in more positive evaluations of visual stimuli. This may either reflect that high figure-ground contrast per se is a desirable attribute or that this attribute facilitates fluent processing. In the latter case, the influence of high figure-ground contrast should be most pronounced under short exposure times, that is, under conditions where the facilitative influence on perceptual fluency is most pronounced. Supporting this hypothesis, ratings of the prettiness of visual stimuli (...)
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  3. Eunice L. Jung, Asieh Zadbood, Sang-Hun Lee, Andrew J. Tomarken & Randolph Blake (2013). Individual Differences in the Perception of Biological Motion and Fragmented Figures Are Not Correlated. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 198.0
    We live in a cluttered, dynamic visual environment that poses a challenge for the visual system: for objects, including those that move about, to be perceived, information specifying those objects must be integrated over space and over time. Does a single, omnibus mechanism perform this grouping operation, or does grouping depend on separate processes specialized for different feature aspects of the object? To address this question, we tested a large group of healthy young adults on their abilities to perceive static (...)
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  4. R. Schafer & G. Murphy (1943). The Role of Autism in a Visual Figure-Ground Relationship. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):335.score: 196.0
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  5. Martin S. Lindauer & Judith G. Lindauer (1970). Brightness Differences and the Perception of Figure-Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):291.score: 196.0
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  6. Bernard Weitzman (1963). A Threshold Difference Produced by a Figure-Ground Dichotomy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):201.score: 196.0
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  7. Henry G. Cornwell (1963). Prior Experience as a Determinant of Figure-Ground Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):156.score: 196.0
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  8. Henry G. Cornwell (1964). Effect of Training on Figure-Ground Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (1):108.score: 196.0
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  9. W. Ehrenstein (1940). The Region of the Vision-Field, Within Which Arbitrary Reversion of Ambivalent Figure-Ground Patterns is Possible. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (6):699.score: 196.0
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  10. Tadasu Oyama (1960). Figure-Ground Dominance as a Function of Sector Angle, Brightness, Hue, and Orientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (5):299.score: 196.0
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  11. Irvin Rock & Frederick S. Fleck (1950). A Re-Examination of the Effect of Monetary Reward and Punishment on Figure-Ground Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):766.score: 196.0
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  12. L. T. Alexander & P. D. Bricker (1952). Figure-Ground Contrast and Binocular Rivalry. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (6):452.score: 196.0
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  13. Lawrence T. Alexander (1951). The Influence of Figure-Ground Relationships in Binocular Rivalry. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (5):376.score: 196.0
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  14. Stanley Coren (1969). Brightness Contrast as a Function of Figure-Ground Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):517.score: 196.0
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  15. Julian E. Hochberg (1950). Figure-Ground Reversal as a Function of Visual Satiation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (5):682.score: 196.0
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  16. G. L. Mangan (1959). The Role of Punishment in Figure-Ground Reorganization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (5):369.score: 196.0
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  17. W. Todd DeKay, Martie G. Haselton & Lee A. Kirkpatrick (2000). Reversing Figure and Ground in the Rationality Debate: An Evolutionary Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):670-671.score: 144.0
    A broad evolutionary perspective is essential to fully reverse figure and ground in the rationality debate. Humans' evolved psychological architecture was designed to produce inferences that were adaptive, not normatively logical. This perspective points to several predictable sources of errors in modern laboratory reasoning tasks, including inherent, systematic biases in information-processing systems explained by Error Management Theory.
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  18. Christina Bermeitinger, Michael Kuhlmann & Dirk Wentura (2012). Reading a Standing Wave: Figure-Ground-Alternation Masking of Primes in Evaluative Priming. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1109-1121.score: 140.0
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  19. E. Kim, J. Lee & W. Jung (2004). The Effect of Figure-Ground Segregation on Visual Search and Implicit Learning. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 137-137.score: 140.0
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  20. Mary A. Peterson & Bradley S. Gibson (1991). The Initial Identification of Figure-Ground Relationships: Contributions From Shape Recognition Processes. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):199-202.score: 140.0
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  21. Lawrence D. Roberts (1986). The Figure-Ground Model for the Explanation of the Determination of Indexical Reference. Synthese 68 (3):441 - 486.score: 140.0
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  22. Jan C. Bouman (1968). The Figure-Ground Phenomenon in Experimental and Phenomenological Psychology. Solna, Seelig.score: 140.0
     
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  23. [deleted]Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (2014). Effects of Saturation and Contrast Polarity on the Figure-Ground Organization of Color on Gray. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 140.0
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  24. Martin S. Lindauer (1989). Expectation and Satiation Accounts of Ambiguous Figure-Ground Perception. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):227-230.score: 140.0
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  25. Tilbe Göksun, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Haruka Konishi & Hiroyuki Okada (2011). Who is Crossing Where? Infants' Discrimination of Figures and Grounds in Events. Cognition 121 (2):176-195.score: 135.0
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  26. H. E. King, C. Landis & J. Zubin (1944). Visual Subliminal Perception Where a Figure is Obscured by the Illumination of the Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (1):60.score: 132.0
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  27. Lucilla Burn, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, I. Wehgartner & J. H. Oakley (1994). Deutschland, 62. Berlin, Antikenmuseum Ehemals Antiquarium, 8USA, 28.1. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Attic Red-Figure and White-Ground Vases. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:227.score: 120.0
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  28. Patrick A. Cabe & Margaret L. Healey (1979). Figure-Background Color Differences and Transfer of Discrimination From Objects to Line Drawings with Pigeons. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (3):124-126.score: 120.0
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  29. Phil Turner (2014). The Figure and Ground of Engagement. AI and Society 29 (1):33-43.score: 120.0
  30. Elizabeth Moignard (1994). J. H. Oakley: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, USA Fasc. 28. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland: Attic Red-Figure and White-Ground Vases. (CVA.) Pp. X+81; 18 Figs., 60 Plates. Baltimore, MD: The Walters Art Gallery/Union Académique Internationale, 1992. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (01):228-.score: 120.0
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  31. Ronald E. Shor (1979). Application of a Phenomenological Method To the Faces-Goblet Stimulus Display: I. Initiating the Inquiry and Defining Figure and Ground. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 10 (2):189-231.score: 120.0
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  32. Elan Barenholtz & Jacob Feldman (2006). Determination of Visual Figure and Ground in Dynamically Deforming Shapes. Cognition 101 (3):530-544.score: 120.0
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  33. Barbara Johnson (1989). Is Female to Male as Ground is to Figure? In Richard Feldstein & Judith Roof (eds.), Feminism and Psychoanalysis. Cornell University Press. 255--67.score: 120.0
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  34. Barry T. Jones (2012). Relational and Absolute Discrimination Learning by Squirrel Monkeys: Establishing a Common Ground with Human Cognition. In David McFarland, Keith Stenning & Maggie McGonigle (eds.), The Complex Mind. Palgrave Macmillan. 12.score: 120.0
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  35. K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West, W. T. DeKay, M. G. Haselton & La Kirkpatrick (2000). Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Reversing Figure and Ground in the Rationality Debate: An Evolutionary Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):670-670.score: 120.0
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  36. Mazyar Fallah Carolyn J. Perry (2012). Color Improves Speed of Processing But Not Perception in a Motion Illusion. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 87.0
    When two superimposed surfaces of dots move in different directions, the perceived directions are shifted away from each other. This perceptual illusion has been termed direction repulsion and is thought to be due to mutual inhibition between the representations of the two directions. It has further been shown that a speed difference between the two surfaces attenuates direction repulsion. As speed and direction are both necessary components of representing motion, the reduction in direction repulsion can be attributed to the additional (...)
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  37. Giovanni Bruno Vicario (2003). On Simultaneous Masking in the Visual Field. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):399-432.score: 84.0
    The concept of simultaneous masking in visual field is discussed, in the light of classical examples, of the various kinds of the phenomenon, of a modal completion, of the figure/ground phenomenon, of ambiguous and reversible figures, of mimicry and camouflage and eventually of the complexity of the stimulus. There is some reference to masking in auditory field. The “reality” of the masked configuration is discussed, drawing the conclusion that it is perceptually unreal. The fact that the masking phenomenon (...)
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  38. Giovanni Bruno Vicario (2002). On Simultaneous Masking in the Visual Field. Axiomathes 13 (3/4):399-432.score: 84.0
    The concept of simultaneous masking in visual field is discussed, in the light of classical examples, of the various kinds of the phenomenon, of a modal completion, of the figure/ground phenomenon, of ambiguous and reversible figures, of mimicry and camouflage and eventually of the complexity of the stimulus. There is some reference to masking in auditory field. The reality of the masked configuration is discussed, drawing the conclusion that it is perceptually unreal. The fact that the masking phenomenon (...)
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  39. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2011). Causal Asymmetry Across Cultures: Assigning Causal Roles in Symmetric Physical Settings. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 84.0
    In the cognitive sciences, causal cognition in the physical domain has featured as a core research topic, but the impact of culture has been rarely ever explored. One case in point for a topic on which this neglect is pronounced is the pervasive tendency of people to consider one of two (equally important) entities as more important for bringing about an effect. In order to scrutinize how robust such tendencies are across cultures, we asked German and Tongan participants to assign (...)
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  40. Allan J. Nash & Kenneth M. Michels (1966). Squirrel Monkeys and Discrimination Learning: Figural Interactions, Redundancies, and Random Shapes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):132.score: 70.0
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  41. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2003). Sfondo e figura. Rivista di Estetica 43 (24):38-40.score: 62.0
    A dialogue between a figure and its background, illustrating that the perceptual conditions that determine which is which are not as clear as standard Gestalt theory dictates.
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  42. Stephen Grossberg (2006). The Art of Seeing and Painting. Technical Report.score: 56.0
    The human urge to represent the three-dimensional world using two-dimensional pictorial representations dates back at least to Paleolithic times. Artists from ancient to modern times have struggled to understand how a few contours or color patches on a flat surface can induce mental representations of a three-dimensional scene. This article summarizes some of the recent breakthroughs in scientifically understanding how the brain sees that shed light on these struggles. These breakthroughs illustrate how various artists have intuitively understand paradoxical properties about (...)
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  43. Shaun P. Vecera (2000). Toward a Biased Competition Account of Object-Based Segregation and Attention. Brain and Mind 1 (3):353-384.score: 56.0
    Because the visual system cannot process all of the objects, colors, and features present in a visual scene, visual attention allows some visual stimuli to be selected and processed over others. Most research on visual attention has focused on spatial or location-based attention, in which the locations occupied by stimuli are selected for further processing. Recent research, however, has demonstrated the importance of objects in organizing (or segregating) visual scenes and guiding attentional selection. Because of the long history of spatial (...)
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  44. Jacob Beck (1966). Effect of Surround Size on the Perception of Texture Patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):68.score: 56.0
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  45. Gert J. Van Tonder & Michael J. Lyons (2005). Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design. Axiomathes 15 (3):353-371.score: 56.0
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  46. Stephen Grossberg (1983). The Quantized Geometry of Visual Space: The Coherent Computation of Depth, Form, and Lightness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):625.score: 56.0
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  47. [deleted]Mark M. Schira & Branka Spehar (2011). Differential Effect of Contrast Polarity Reversals in Closed Squares and Open L-Junctions. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 56.0
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  48. Simon Dierig (2010). The Discrimination Argument Revisited. Erkenntnis 72 (1):73 - 92.score: 54.0
    The first explicit argument for the incompatibility of externalism in the philosophy of mind and a priori self-knowledge is Boghossian’s discrimination argument. In this essay, I oppose the third premise of this argument, trying to show by means of a thought experiment that possessing the “twater thought” is not an alternative, a fortiori not a relevant alternative, to having the “water thought.” I then examine a modified version of Boghossian’s argument. The attempt is made to substantiate the claim that (...)
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  49. Jean-Luc Nancy (2005). The Ground of the Image. Fordham University Press.score: 54.0
    If anything marks the image, it is a deep ambivalence. Denounced as superficial, illusory, and groundless, images are at the same time attributed with exorbitant power and assigned a privileged relation to truth. Mistrusted by philosophy, forbidden and embraced by religions, manipulated as “spectacle” and proliferated in the media, images never cease to present their multiple aspects, their paradoxes, their flat but receding spaces.What is this power that lies in the depths and recesses of an image—which is always only an (...)
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  50. C. C. Camosy (2008). Common Ground on Surgical Abortion?--Engaging Peter Singer on the Moral Status of Potential Persons. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):577-593.score: 54.0
    The debate over surgical abortion is certainly one of the most divisive in ethical discourse and for many it seems interminable. However, this paper argues that a primary reason for this is confusion with regard to what issues are actually under dispute. When looking at an entrenched and articulate figure on one side of the debate, Peter Singer, and comparing his views with those of his opponents, one finds that the disputed issue is actually quite a narrow one: the (...)
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