Search results for 'Figure Ground Discrimination' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  61
    Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (eds.) (2014). Color and Figure-Ground: From Signals to Qualia. Routledge.
    The laws which predict how the perceptual quality of figure-ground can be extracted from the most elementary visual signals were discovered by the Gestaltists, and form an essential part of their movement (see especially Metzger, 1930, and Wertheimer, 1923 translated and re-edited by Lothar Spillmann, 2009 and 2012, respectively). Distinguishing figure from ground is a prerequisite for perception of both form and space (the relative positions, trajectories, and distances of objects in the visual field. The human (...)
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  2.  28
    Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (2014). Effects of Saturation and Contrast Polarity on the Figure-Ground Organization of Color on Gray. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1136):1-9.
    Poorly saturated colors are closer to a pure grey than strongly saturated ones and, therefore, appear less “colorful”. Color saturation is effectively manipulated in the visual arts for balancing conflicting sensations and moods and for inducing the perception of relative distance in the pictorial plane. While perceptual science has proven quite clearly that the luminance contrast of any hue acts as a self-sufficient cue to relative depth in visual images, the role of color saturation in such figure-ground organization (...)
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  3.  28
    Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz (2001). The Hot Fringes of Consciousness: Perceptual Fluency and Affect. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):223-231.
    High figure-ground contrast usually results in more positive evaluations of visual stimuli. This may either reflect that high figure-ground contrast per se is a desirable attribute or that this attribute facilitates fluent processing. In the latter case, the influence of high figure-ground contrast should be most pronounced under short exposure times, that is, under conditions where the facilitative influence on perceptual fluency is most pronounced. Supporting this hypothesis, ratings of the prettiness of visual stimuli (...)
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  4.  2
    Christina Bermeitinger, Michael Kuhlmann & Dirk Wentura (2012). Reading a Standing Wave: Figure-Ground-Alternation Masking of Primes in Evaluative Priming. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1109-1121.
    We propose a new masking technique for masking word stimuli. Drawing on the phenomena of metacontrast and paracontrast, we alternately presented two prime displays of the same word with the background color in one display matching the font color in the other display and vice versa. The sequence of twenty alterations was sandwich-masked by structure masks. Using this masking technique, we conducted evaluative priming experiments with positive and negative target and prime words. Significant priming effects were found – for primes (...)
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  5.  2
    Stanley Coren (1969). Brightness Contrast as a Function of Figure-Ground Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):517.
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  6.  10
    R. Schafer & G. Murphy (1943). The Role of Autism in a Visual Figure-Ground Relationship. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):335.
  7.  5
    Martin S. Lindauer & Judith G. Lindauer (1970). Brightness Differences and the Perception of Figure-Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):291.
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  8.  1
    Julian E. Hochberg (1950). Figure-Ground Reversal as a Function of Visual Satiation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (5):682.
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  9.  5
    Bernard Weitzman (1963). A Threshold Difference Produced by a Figure-Ground Dichotomy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):201.
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  10.  3
    Henry G. Cornwell (1964). Effect of Training on Figure-Ground Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (1):108.
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  11.  2
    Lawrence T. Alexander (1951). The Influence of Figure-Ground Relationships in Binocular Rivalry. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (5):376.
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  12.  3
    W. Ehrenstein (1940). The Region of the Vision-Field, Within Which Arbitrary Reversion of Ambivalent Figure-Ground Patterns is Possible. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (6):699.
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  13.  3
    Henry G. Cornwell (1963). Prior Experience as a Determinant of Figure-Ground Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):156.
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  14.  2
    Tadasu Oyama (1960). Figure-Ground Dominance as a Function of Sector Angle, Brightness, Hue, and Orientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (5):299.
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  15.  2
    Irvin Rock & Frederick S. Fleck (1950). A Re-Examination of the Effect of Monetary Reward and Punishment on Figure-Ground Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):766.
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  16.  1
    L. T. Alexander & P. D. Bricker (1952). Figure-Ground Contrast and Binocular Rivalry. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (6):452.
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  17. G. L. Mangan (1959). The Role of Punishment in Figure-Ground Reorganization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (5):369.
  18.  9
    W. Todd DeKay, Martie G. Haselton & Lee A. Kirkpatrick (2000). Reversing Figure and Ground in the Rationality Debate: An Evolutionary Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):670-671.
    A broad evolutionary perspective is essential to fully reverse figure and ground in the rationality debate. Humans' evolved psychological architecture was designed to produce inferences that were adaptive, not normatively logical. This perspective points to several predictable sources of errors in modern laboratory reasoning tasks, including inherent, systematic biases in information-processing systems explained by Error Management Theory.
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  19.  10
    Lawrence D. Roberts (1986). The Figure-Ground Model for the Explanation of the Determination of Indexical Reference. Synthese 68 (3):441 - 486.
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  20.  5
    Mary A. Peterson & Bradley S. Gibson (1991). The Initial Identification of Figure-Ground Relationships: Contributions From Shape Recognition Processes. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):199-202.
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  21.  2
    Martin S. Lindauer (1989). Expectation and Satiation Accounts of Ambiguous Figure-Ground Perception. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):227-230.
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  22.  2
    E. Kim, J. Lee & W. Jung (2004). The Effect of Figure-Ground Segregation on Visual Search and Implicit Learning. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 137-137.
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  23.  2
    Jan C. Bouman (1968). The Figure-Ground Phenomenon in Experimental and Phenomenological Psychology. Solna, Seelig.
  24.  2
    H. E. King, C. Landis & J. Zubin (1944). Visual Subliminal Perception Where a Figure is Obscured by the Illumination of the Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (1):60.
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  25. Barbara Johnson (1989). Is Female to Male as Ground is to Figure? In Richard Feldstein & Judith Roof (eds.), Feminism and Psychoanalysis. Cornell University Press 255--67.
     
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  26.  3
    Elan Barenholtz & Jacob Feldman (2006). Determination of Visual Figure and Ground in Dynamically Deforming Shapes. Cognition 101 (3):530-544.
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  27.  5
    Elizabeth Moignard (1994). J. H. Oakley: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, USA Fasc. 28. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland: Attic Red-Figure and White-Ground Vases. (CVA.) Pp. X+81; 18 Figs., 60 Plates. Baltimore, MD: The Walters Art Gallery/Union Académique Internationale, 1992. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (01):228-.
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  28.  5
    Patrick A. Cabe & Margaret L. Healey (1979). Figure-Background Color Differences and Transfer of Discrimination From Objects to Line Drawings with Pigeons. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (3):124-126.
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  29.  7
    Phil Turner (2014). The Figure and Ground of Engagement. AI and Society 29 (1):33-43.
  30.  2
    Lucilla Burn, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, I. Wehgartner & J. H. Oakley (1994). Deutschland, 62. Berlin, Antikenmuseum Ehemals Antiquarium, 8USA, 28.1. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Attic Red-Figure and White-Ground Vases. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:227.
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  31.  1
    Barry T. Jones (2012). Relational and Absolute Discrimination Learning by Squirrel Monkeys: Establishing a Common Ground with Human Cognition. In David McFarland, Keith Stenning & Maggie McGonigle (eds.), The Complex Mind. Palgrave Macmillan 12.
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  32.  1
    Ronald E. Shor (1979). Application of a Phenomenological Method To the Faces-Goblet Stimulus Display: I. Initiating the Inquiry and Defining Figure and Ground. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 10 (2):189-231.
    "I don't want to hurry it ... When you want to hurry something, that means you no longer care about it and want to get on to other things. I just want to get at it slowly, but carefully and thoroughly, with the same attitude I remember was present just before . It is that attitude that found it, nothing else.".
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  33. K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West, W. T. DeKay, M. G. Haselton & La Kirkpatrick (2000). Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Reversing Figure and Ground in the Rationality Debate: An Evolutionary Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):670-670.
     
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  34.  4
    P. Wurtz, R. RebeR & T. Zimmermann (2008). The Feeling of Fluent Perception: A Single Experience From Multiple Asynchronous Sources☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):171-184.
    Zeki and co-workers recently proposed that perception can best be described as locally distributed, asynchronous processes that each create a kind of microconsciousness, which condense into an experienced percept. The present article is aimed at extending this theory to metacognitive feelings. We present evidence that perceptual fluency—the subjective feeling of ease during perceptual processing—is based on speed of processing at different stages of the perceptual process. Specifically, detection of briefly presented stimuli was influenced by figure-ground contrast, but not (...)
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  35.  20
    Giovanni Bruno Vicario (2003). On Simultaneous Masking in the Visual Field. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):399-432.
    The concept of simultaneous masking in visual field is discussed, in the light of classical examples, of the various kinds of the phenomenon, of a modal completion, of the figure/ground phenomenon, of ambiguous and reversible figures, of mimicry and camouflage and eventually of the complexity of the stimulus. There is some reference to masking in auditory field. The “reality” of the masked configuration is discussed, drawing the conclusion that it is perceptually unreal. The fact that the masking phenomenon (...)
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  36.  12
    Giovanni Bruno Vicario (2002). On Simultaneous Masking in the Visual Field. Axiomathes 13 (3/4):399-432.
    The concept of simultaneous masking in visual field is discussed, in the light of classical examples, of the various kinds of the phenomenon, of a modal completion, of the figure/ground phenomenon, of ambiguous and reversible figures, of mimicry and camouflage and eventually of the complexity of the stimulus. There is some reference to masking in auditory field. The reality of the masked configuration is discussed, drawing the conclusion that it is perceptually unreal. The fact that the masking phenomenon (...)
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  37.  25
    Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2003). Sfondo e figura. Rivista di Estetica 43 (24):38-40.
    A dialogue between a figure and its background, illustrating that the perceptual conditions that determine which is which are not as clear as standard Gestalt theory dictates.
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  38.  18
    Dominic Smith (2015). On Technological Ground: The Art of Torsten Lauschmann. Evental Aesthetics 4 (2):138-170.
    This essay considers the relationship between the work of contemporary artist Torsten Lauschmann and themes in a growing area of research: philosophy of technology. Themes considered include relations between technology and contemporary urban dwelling, technology and the “everyday,” and Heidegger’s problematic but canonical understanding of technology not as a set of “mere means” but as a “way of revealing.” I argue that Lauschmann’s art renders these themes relevant for our increasingly technologically mediated forms of everyday experience by engaging in a (...)
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  39.  7
    Stephen Grossberg (1983). The Quantized Geometry of Visual Space: The Coherent Computation of Depth, Form, and Lightness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):625.
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  40.  60
    Santiago Echeverri (forthcoming). Object Files, Properties, and Perceptual Content. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-25.
    Object files are mental representations that enable perceptual systems to keep track of objects as numerically the same. How is their reference fixed? A prominent approach, championed by Zenon Pylyshyn and John Campbell, makes room for a non-satisfactional use of properties to fix reference. This maneuver has enabled them to reconcile a singularist view of reference with the intuition that properties must play a role in reference fixing. This paper examines Campbell’s influential defense of this strategy. After criticizing it, a (...)
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  41.  33
    Shaun P. Vecera (2000). Toward a Biased Competition Account of Object-Based Segregation and Attention. Brain and Mind 1 (3):353-384.
    Because the visual system cannot process all of the objects, colors, and features present in a visual scene, visual attention allows some visual stimuli to be selected and processed over others. Most research on visual attention has focused on spatial or location-based attention, in which the locations occupied by stimuli are selected for further processing. Recent research, however, has demonstrated the importance of objects in organizing (or segregating) visual scenes and guiding attentional selection. Because of the long history of spatial (...)
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  42.  24
    Gert J. Van Tonder & Michael J. Lyons (2005). Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design. Axiomathes 15 (3):353-371.
  43.  51
    Stephen Grossberg (2006). The Art of Seeing and Painting. Technical Report.
    The human urge to represent the three-dimensional world using two-dimensional pictorial representations dates back at least to Paleolithic times. Artists from ancient to modern times have struggled to understand how a few contours or color patches on a flat surface can induce mental representations of a three-dimensional scene. This article summarizes some of the recent breakthroughs in scientifically understanding how the brain sees that shed light on these struggles. These breakthroughs illustrate how various artists have intuitively understand paradoxical properties about (...)
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  44.  3
    Jacob Beck (1966). Effect of Surround Size on the Perception of Texture Patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):68.
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  45.  2
    Birgitta Dresp (1998). Area, Surface, and Contour: Psychophysical Correlates of Three Classes of Pictorial Completion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):755-756.
    A simple working taxonomy with three classes of pictorial completion is proposed as an alternative to Pessoa et al.'s classification: area, surface, and contour completion. The classification is based on psychophysical evidence, not on the different phenomenal attributes of the stimuli, showing that pictorial completion is likely to involve mechanistic interactions in the visual system at different levels of processing. Whether the concept of “filling-in” is an appropriate metaphor for the visual mechanisms that may underlie perceptual completion is questioned.
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  46.  21
    Jean-Luc Nancy (2005). The Ground of the Image. Fordham University Press.
    If anything marks the image, it is a deep ambivalence. Denounced as superficial, illusory, and groundless, images are at the same time attributed with exorbitant power and assigned a privileged relation to truth. Mistrusted by philosophy, forbidden and embraced by religions, manipulated as “spectacle” and proliferated in the media, images never cease to present their multiple aspects, their paradoxes, their flat but receding spaces.What is this power that lies in the depths and recesses of an image—which is always only an (...)
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  47.  52
    Simon Dierig (2010). The Discrimination Argument Revisited. Erkenntnis 72 (1):73 - 92.
    The first explicit argument for the incompatibility of externalism in the philosophy of mind and a priori self-knowledge is Boghossian’s discrimination argument. In this essay, I oppose the third premise of this argument, trying to show by means of a thought experiment that possessing the “twater thought” is not an alternative, a fortiori not a relevant alternative, to having the “water thought.” I then examine a modified version of Boghossian’s argument. The attempt is made to substantiate the claim that (...)
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  48.  12
    C. C. Camosy (2008). Common Ground on Surgical Abortion?--Engaging Peter Singer on the Moral Status of Potential Persons. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):577-593.
    The debate over surgical abortion is certainly one of the most divisive in ethical discourse and for many it seems interminable. However, this paper argues that a primary reason for this is confusion with regard to what issues are actually under dispute. When looking at an entrenched and articulate figure on one side of the debate, Peter Singer, and comparing his views with those of his opponents, one finds that the disputed issue is actually quite a narrow one: the (...)
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  49.  4
    Charles C. Camosy (2008). Common Ground on Surgical Abortion?—Engaging Peter Singer on the Moral Status of Potential Persons. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):577-593.
    The debate over surgical abortion is certainly one of the most divisive in ethical discourse and for many it seems interminable. However, this paper argues that a primary reason for this is confusion with regard to what issues are actually under dispute. When looking at an entrenched and articulate figure on one side of the debate, Peter Singer, and comparing his views with those of his opponents, one finds that the disputed issue is actually quite a narrow one: the (...)
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  50.  4
    Oran Doyle (2007). Direct Discrimination, Indirect Discrimination and Autonomy. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 27 (3):537-553.
    Western liberal democracies tend to impose duties on public and private bodies that are often formulated as an obligation not to discriminate. For instance, the European Union prohibits direct and indirect discrimination on certain grounds in certain contexts. Under this model, indirect discrimination involves a measure that, although it does not directly (i.e. explicitly) discriminate on the basis of a proscribed ground, produces a disparate impact that correlates with such a proscribed ground. Indirect discrimination is (...)
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