42 found
Sort by:
See also:
Profile: Francesco Berto (University of Amsterdam, University of Aberdeen)
  1. Francesco Berto (2014). Absolute Contradiction, Dialetheism, and Revenge. Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):193-207.
    Is there a notion of contradiction—let us call it, for dramatic effect, “absolute”—making all contradictions, so understood, unacceptable also for dialetheists? It is argued in this paper that there is, and that spelling it out brings some theoretical benefits. First it gives us a foothold on undisputed ground in the methodologically difficult debate on dialetheism. Second, we can use it to express, without begging questions, the disagreement between dialetheists and their rivals on the nature of truth. Third, dialetheism has an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Francesco Berto (2014). On Conceiving the Inconsistent. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 114 (1pt1):103-121.
    I present an approach to our conceiving absolute impossibilities—things which obtain at no possible world—in terms of ceteris paribus intentional operators: variably restricted quantifiers on possible and impossible worlds based on world similarity. The explicit content of a representation plays a role similar in some respects to the one of a ceteris paribus conditional antecedent. I discuss how such operators invalidate logical closure for conceivability, and how similarity works when impossible worlds are around. Unlike what happens with ceteris paribus counterfactual (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Francesco Berto & Jacopo Tagliabue (2014). The World is Either Digital or Analogue. Synthese 191 (3):481-497.
    We address an argument by Floridi (Synthese 168(1):151–178, 2009; 2011a), to the effect that digital and analogue are not features of reality, only of modes of presentation of reality. One can therefore have an informational ontology, like Floridi’s Informational Structural Realism, without commitment to a supposedly digital or analogue world. After introducing the topic in Sect. 1, in Sect. 2 we explain what the proposition expressed by the title of our paper means. In Sect. 3, we describe Floridi’s argument. In (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Francesco Berto (2013). Coincident Entities and Question-Begging Predicates: An Issue in Meta-Ontology. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 14 (1):1-15.
    Meta-ontology (in van Inwagen's sense) concerns the methodology of ontology, and a controversial meta-ontological issue is to what extent ontology can rely on linguistic analysis while establishing the furniture of the world. This paper discusses an argument advanced by some ontologists (I call them unifiers) against supporters of or coincident entities (I call them multipliers) and its meta-ontological import. Multipliers resort to Leibniz's Law to establish that spatiotemporally coincident entities a and b are distinct, by pointing at a predicate F (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Francesco Berto (2013). Impossible Worlds. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2013).
    It is a venerable slogan due to David Hume, and inherited by the empiricist tradition, that the impossible cannot be believed, or even conceived. In Positivismus und Realismus, Moritz Schlick claimed that, while the merely practically impossible is still conceivable, the logically impossible, such as an explicit inconsistency, is simply unthinkable. -/- An opposite philosophical tradition, however, maintains that inconsistencies and logical impossibilities are thinkable, and sometimes believable, too. In the Science of Logic, Hegel already complained against “one of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Francesco Berto (2013). Wittgenstein on Incompleteness Makes Paraconsistent Sense. In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. 257--276.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.) (2013). Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer.
    A logic is called 'paraconsistent' if it rejects the rule called 'ex contradictione quodlibet', according to which any conclusion follows from inconsistent premises. While logicians have proposed many technically developed paraconsistent logical systems and contemporary philosophers like Graham Priest have advanced the view that some contradictions can be true, and advocated a paraconsistent logic to deal with them, until recent times these systems have been little understood by philosophers. This book presents a comprehensive overview on paraconsistent logical systems to change (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Francesco Berto (2012). Buone scartoffie, cattive intenzioni: una piccola nota su Documentalita. Rivista di Estetica 52 (50):29-35.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Francesco Berto (2012). Existence as a Real Property. Synthèse Library, Springer.
    This book is both an introduction to and a research work on Meinongianism. “Meinongianism” is taken here, in accordance with the common philosophical jargon, as a general label for a set of theories of existence – probably the most basic notion of ontology. As an introduction, the book provides the first comprehensive survey and guide to Meinongianism and non-standard theories of existence in all their main forms. As a research work, the book exposes and develops the most up-to-date Meinongian theory (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Francesco Berto (2012). Formal Ontology Modal Meinongianism and Fiction: The Best of Three Worlds. Rivista di Estetica 52 (1):73-97.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Francesco Berto (2012). Good Paperwork, Bad Intentions: A Small Note on Documentalita. Rivista di Estetica 52 (2):29-35.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Francesco Berto (2012). How to Rule Out Things with Words: Strong Paraconsistency and the Algebra of Exclusion1. In Greg Restall & Gillian Kay Russell (eds.), New Waves in Philosophical Logic. Palgrave Macmillan. 169.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Francesco Berto (2012). 2.1. Meinonghianismo modale e fiction: il meglio di tre mondi. Rivista di Estetica 52 (49):73-97.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Francesco Berto (2012). Non-Normal Worlds and Representation. In Michal Peliš & Vít Punčochář (eds.), The Logica Yearbook. College Publications.
    World semantics for relevant logics include so-called non-normal or impossible worlds providing model-theoretic counterexamples to such irrelevant entailments as (A ∧ ¬A) → B, A → (B∨¬B), or A → (B → B). Some well-known views interpret non-normal worlds as information states. If so, they can plausibly model our ability of conceiving or representing logical impossibilities. The phenomenon is explored by combining a formal setting with philosophical discussion. I take Priest’s basic relevant logic N4 and extend it, on the syntactic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Francesco Berto (2012). The Selection Problem. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 262:519-37.
    In 'Fiction and Fictionalism', Mark Sainsbury has recently dubbed “Selection Problem” a serious trouble for Meinongian object theories. Typically, Meinongianism has been phrased as a kind of realism on nonexistent objects : these are mind-independent things, not mental simulacra, having the properties they have independently from the activity of any cognitive agent. But how can one single out an object we have no causal acquaintance with, and which is devoid of spatiotemporal location, picking it out from a pre-determined, mind-independent set (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Francesco Berto & Jacopo Tagliabue (2012). Cellular Automata. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Cellular automata (henceforth: CA) are discrete, abstract computational systems that have proved useful both as general models of complexity and as more specific representations of non-linear dynamics in a variety of scientific fields. Firstly, CA are (typically) spatially and temporally discrete: they are composed of a finite or denumerable set of homogeneous, simple units, the atoms or cells. At each time unit, the cells instantiate one of a finite set of states. They evolve in parallel at discrete time steps, following (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Francesco Berto (2011). Modal Meinongianism and Fiction: The Best of Three Worlds. Philosophical Studies 152 (3):313-35.
    We outline a neo-Meinongian framework labeled as Modal Meinongian Metaphysics (MMM) to account for the ontology and semantics of fictional discourse. Several competing accounts of fictional objects are originated by the fact that our talking of them mirrors incoherent intuitions: mainstream theories of fiction privilege some such intuitions, but are forced to account for others via complicated paraphrases of the relevant sentences. An ideal theory should resort to as few paraphrases as possible. In Sect. 1, we make this explicit via (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Francesco Berto (2010). Impossible Worlds and Propositions: Against the Parity Thesis. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):471-486.
    Accounts of propositions as sets of possible worlds have been criticized for conflating distinct impossible propositions. In response to this problem, some have proposed to introduce impossible worlds to represent distinct impossibilities, endorsing the thesis that impossible worlds must be of the same kind; this has been called the parity thesis. I show that this thesis faces problems, and propose a hybrid account which rejects it: possible worlds are taken as concrete Lewisian worlds, and impossibilities are represented as set-theoretic constructions (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Francesco Berto (2010). L'esistenza Non È Logica: Dal Quadrato Rotondo Ai Mondi Impossibili. Laterza.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Koji Tanaka, Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares & Francesco Paoli (2010). Guest Editors' Introduction. Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (1-2):5-6.
    A logic is said to be paraconsistent if it doesn’t license you to infer everything from a contradiction. To be precise, let |= be a relation of logical consequence. We call |= explosive if it validates the inference rule: {A,¬A} |= B for every A and B. Classical logic and most other standard logics, including intuitionist logic, are explosive. Instead of licensing you to infer everything from a contradiction, paraconsistent logic allows you to sensibly deal with the contradiction.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Francesco Berto, Strong Paraconsistency and Exclusion Negation.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Francesco Berto (2009). The Gödel Paradox and Wittgenstein's Reasons. Philosophia Mathematica 17 (2):208-219.
    An interpretation of Wittgenstein’s much criticized remarks on Gödel’s First Incompleteness Theorem is provided in the light of paraconsistent arithmetic: in taking Gödel’s proof as a paradoxical derivation, Wittgenstein was drawing the consequences of his deliberate rejection of the standard distinction between theory and metatheory. The reasoning behind the proof of the truth of the Gödel sentence is then performed within the formal system itself, which turns out to be inconsistent. It is shown that the features of paraconsistent arithmetics match (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Francesco Berto (2009). There's Something About Gödel: The Complete Guide to the Incompleteness Theorem. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Gödelian symphony -- Foundations and paradoxes -- This sentence is false -- The liar and Gödel -- Language and metalanguage -- The axiomatic method or how to get the non-obvious out of the obvious -- Peano's axioms -- And the unsatisfied logicists, Frege and Russell -- Bits of set theory -- The abstraction principle -- Bytes of set theory -- Properties, relations, functions, that is, sets again -- Calculating, computing, enumerating, that is, the notion of algorithm -- Taking numbers (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Francesco Berto & Massimiliano Carrara (2009). To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View. Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full-fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full-fledged objects. But whatever one takes "full-fledged object" to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this makes mereology look counterintuitive (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Francesco Berto (2008). Adynaton and Material Exclusion. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (2):165 – 190.
    Philosophical dialetheism, whose main exponent is Graham Priest, claims that some contradictions hold, are true, and it is rational to accept and assert them. Such a position is naturally portrayed as a challenge to the Law of Non-Contradiction (LNC). But all the classic formulations of the LNC are, in a sense, not questioned by a typical dialetheist, since she is (cheerfully) required to accept them by her own theory. The goal of this paper is to develop a formulation of the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Francesco Berto (2008). Modal Meinongianism for Fictional Objects. Metaphysica 9 (2):205-218.
    Drawing on different suggestions from the literature, we outline a unified metaphysical framework, labeled as Modal Meinongian Metaphysics (MMM), combining Meinongian themes with a non-standard modal ontology. The MMM approach is based on (1) a comprehension principle (CP) for objects in unrestricted, but qualified form, and (2) the employment of an ontology of impossible worlds, besides possible ones. In §§1–2, we introduce the classical Meinongian metaphysics and consider two famous Russellian criticisms, namely (a) the charge of inconsistency and (b) the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Francesco Berto & Graham Priest (2008). Dialetheism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008).
    A dialetheia is a sentence, A, such that both it and its negation, ¬A, are true (we shall talk of sentences throughout this entry; but one could run the definition in terms of propositions, statements, or whatever one takes as her favourite truth-bearer: this would make little difference in the context). Assuming the fairly uncontroversial view that falsity just is the truth of negation, it can equally be claimed that a dialetheia is a sentence which is both true and false.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Francesco Altea & Francesco Berto (eds.) (2007). Scenari dell’impossibile. La contraddizione nel pensiero contemporaneo. Il Poligrafo.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Francesco Berto (2007). Hegel's Dialectics as a Semantic Theory: An Analytic Reading. European Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):19–39.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Francesco Berto (2007). How to Sell a Contradiction. College Publications.
    There is a principle in things, about which we cannot be deceived, but must always, on the contrary, recognize the truth – viz. that the same thing cannot at one and the same time be and not be": with these words of the Metaphysics, Aristotle introduced the Law of Non-Contradiction, which was to become the most authoritative principle in the history of Western thought. However, things have recently changed, and nowadays various philosophers, called dialetheists, claim that this Law does not (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Francesco Berto (2007). Is Dialetheism an Idealism? The Russellian Fallacy and the Dialetheist's Dilemma. Dialectica 61 (2):235–263.
    In his famous work on vagueness, Russell named “fallacy of verbalism” the fallacy that consists in mistaking the properties of words for the properties of things. In this paper, I examine two (clusters of) mainstream paraconsistent logical theories – the non-adjunctive and relevant approaches –, and show that, if they are given a strongly paraconsistent or dialetheic reading, the charge of committing the Russellian Fallacy can be raised against them in a sophisticated way, by appealing to the intuitive reading of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Francesco Berto & Enrico Bellinelli (2007). Quale barba per il rasoio di ockham?: Problemi del riduzionismo metafisico. Divus Thomas 110 (2):9-28.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Francesco Berto (2006). Characterizing Negation to Face Dialetheism. Logique Et Analyse 49 (195):241-263.
  34. Francesco Berto (2006). Meaning, Metaphysics, and Contradiction. American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):283-297.
  35. Francesco Berto (2006). Teorie Dell'assurdo: I Rivali Del Principio di Non-Contraddizione. Carocci.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. José Eduardo Marques Baioni, Marilena de Souza Chauí, Frederick C. Beiser, Corrado Bertani, Francesco Berto, Bernard Bourgeois, David Carlson & Allegra De Laurentiis (2005). Agossou, Mèdéwalé-Kodjo-Jacob, Hegel Et la Philosophie Africaine: Une Lecture Interprétative de la Dialectique Hégélienne (Paris: Karthala, 2005). Alves, João Lopes, O Estado da Razão: Da Ideia Hegeliana de Estado Ao Estado Segunda a Ideia Hegeliana:(Sobre Os Principios de Filosofia Do Direito de Hegel (Lisboa: Edições Colibri, 2004). [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 36 (2).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Corrado Bertani, Francesco Berto, Alfred Dunshirn, Nicolas Füzesi, Max Gottschlich, Michael Wladika, Marco Haase, G. W. F. Hegel & J. C. Horn (2005). Due to a Printing Error, the Titles or Publication Information for Several Works in the New Books Section in The Owl of Minerva 36: 2 Were Incorrect. The Correct Entries Are Given Below. Arndt, Andreas, and Ernst Müller, Hegels 'Phänomenologie des Geistes' Heute (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2004). [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 37 (1):06.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Francesco Berto (2005). Some Topics Concerning Identity and Contradiction in Philosophical Logic. Epistemologia:219-238.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Francesco Berto (2004). Il primo teorema di Gödel e l'indeterminabilità del riferimento (incompletezza sintattica, insaturabilità semantica). Epistemologia 27:29-54.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Francesco Berto (2004). Un'interpretazione analitica della dialettica hegeliana. Iride 17 (3):569-592.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Francesco Berto (2003). Dialettica Come Semantica. Epistemologia 26 (1):5-44.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Francesco Berto (2003). Modus Tollerns. Kant, Hegel e la critica della nozione logica di sostanza. Giornale di Metafisica: Revista Bimestrale di Filosofia 25 (2):287-304.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation