Search results for 'Francisco Calvo Garzoan' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Francisco Calvo Garzoan (2003). Connectionist Semantics and the Collateral Information Challenge. Mind and Language 18 (1):77-94.score: 870.0
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  2. Francisco Calvo Garzóan (2003). Connectionist Semantics and the Collateral Information Challenge. Mind and Language 18 (1):77–94.score: 870.0
  3. Mohammed Bedjaoui, Gaetan Naudi, Jacques Chirac, George W. Bush, Carmen Calvo, Inocencio Arias, Alejandro Font de Mora Turón, Concepción Gómez Ocaña, Francisco Camps & Alberto Fabra (2006). Sueños comunes= Common dreams. Contrastes: Revista Cultural 44:69-77.score: 240.0
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  4. Félix Neefjes, Reynaldo Luiz Calvo & Daniel José Fernandes Rocha (2009). O monoteísmo (Judaísmo, Cristianismo, Islamismo) religiões intolerantes? Horizonte 1 (2):17-27.score: 60.0
    O presente artigo procura sintetizar o debate entre três autores sobre o Cristianismo e Religiões. Sendo o Cristianismo o tema central, a sua atitude em relação a outras religiões é apresentada numa forma mais ampla por Frei Félix Neefjes. Depois discute-se o Judaísmo (Reynaldo Luiz Calvo) e o Islamismo (Daniel José Fernandes Rocha) e as atitudes recíprocas entre essas três religiões.
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  5. Paco Calvo & John Symons, Radical Embodiment and Morphological Computation: Against the Autonomy of (Some) Special Sciences.score: 30.0
    An asymmetry between the demands at the computational and algorithmic levels of description furnishes the illusion that the abstract profile at the computational level can be multiply realized, and that something is actually being shared at the algorithmic one. A disembodied rendering of the situation lays the stress upon the different ways in which an algorithm can be implemented. However, from an embodied approach, things look rather different. The relevant pairing, I shall argue, is not between implementation and algorithm, but (...)
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  6. Aarre Laakso & Paco Calvo (2011). How Many Mechanisms Are Needed to Analyze Speech? A Connectionist Simulation of Structural Rule Learning in Artificial Language Acquisition. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1243-1281.score: 30.0
    Some empirical evidence in the artificial language acquisition literature has been taken to suggest that statistical learning mechanisms are insufficient for extracting structural information from an artificial language. According to the more than one mechanism (MOM) hypothesis, at least two mechanisms are required in order to acquire language from speech: (a) a statistical mechanism for speech segmentation; and (b) an additional rule-following mechanism in order to induce grammatical regularities. In this article, we present a set of neural network studies demonstrating (...)
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  7. Calvo, P. & Keijzer, F. A., Cognition in Plants.score: 30.0
    To what extent can plants be considered cognitive from the perspective of embodied cognition? Cognition is interpreted very broadly within embodied cognition, and the current evidence for plant intelligence might find an important theoretical background here. However, embodied cognition does stress the presence of animal-like perception-action coupling as a key feature for cognitive systems to arise. In this paper, we discuss whether, or to what extent, plants may qualify as cognitive systems, given this criterion.
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  8. Tomás Calvo (1977). Truth and Doxa in Parmenides. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 59 (3):245-260.score: 30.0
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  9. Jorge Curiel-Esparza, Julian Canto-Perello & Maria A. Calvo (2004). Establishing Sustainable Strategies in Urban Underground Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):523-530.score: 30.0
    Growth of urban areas, the corresponding increased demand for utility services and the possibility of new types of utility systems are overcrowding near surface underground space with urban utilities. Available subsurface space will continue to diminish to the point where utilidors (utility tunnels) may become inevitable. Establishing future sustainable strategies in urban underground engineering consists of the ability to lessen the use of traditional trenching. There is an increasing interest in utility tunnels for urban areas as a sustainable technique to (...)
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  10. D. Rodríguez-Arias, G. Moutel, M. P. Aulisio, A. Salfati, J. C. Coffin, J. L. Rodríguez-Arias, L. Calvo & C. Hervé (2007). Advance Directives and the Family: French and American Perspectives. Clinical Ethics 2 (3):139-145.score: 30.0
    Several studies have explored differences between North American and European doctor patient relationships. They have focused primarily on differences in philosophical traditions and historic and socioeconomic factors between these two regions that might lead to differences in behaviour, as well as divergent concepts in and justifications of medical practice. However, few empirical intercultural studies have been carried out to identify in practice these cultural differences. This lack of standard comparative empirical studies led us to compare differences between France and the (...)
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  11. Federico Peinado, Virginia Francisco, Raquel Hervás & Pablo Gervás (2010). Assessing the Novelty of Computer-Generated Narratives Using Empirical Metrics. Minds and Machines 20 (4):565-588.score: 30.0
    Novelty is a key concept to understand creativity. Evaluating a piece of artwork or other creation in terms of novelty requires comparisons to other works and considerations about the elements that have been reused in the creative process. Human beings perform this analysis intuitively, but in order to simulate it using computers, the objects to be compared and the similarity metrics to be used should be formalized and explicitly implemented. In this paper we present a study on relevant elements for (...)
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  12. José Mariá Calvo (1991). Critical Thinking and American People. Inquiry 7 (3):22-22.score: 30.0
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  13. John Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.) (2009). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.score: 30.0
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology is an invaluable guide and major reference source to the major topics, problems, concepts and debates in philosophy of psychology and is the first companion of its kind. A team of renowned international contributors provide forty-two chapters organised into eight clear parts: historical background the status of psychological theories models of the mind behaviour, development and the brain thought and language perception and consciousness the inner world psychology and the Self. The Companion covers (...)
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  14. P. Calvo & J. Symons (eds.) (2009). Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.score: 30.0
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  15. Adam S. Francisco (2011). Natural Law : A Basis for Christian : Muslim Civil Discourse? In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.score: 30.0
     
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  16. Charles Francisco (2009). Thomas Paine: A Most Un-Common Man. In Joyce Chumbley (ed.), Thomas Paine: In Search of the Common Good. Spokesman Books.score: 30.0
  17. J. Symons & P. Calvo (eds.) (forthcoming). Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.score: 30.0
  18. Francisco Calvo Garzon & Angel Garcia Rodriguez (2009). Where is Cognitive Science Heading? Minds and Machines 19 (3):301-318.score: 28.0
    According to Ramsey (Representation reconsidered, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007), only classical cognitive science, with the related notions of input–output and structural representations, meets the job description challenge (the challenge to show that a certain structure or process serves a representational role at the subpersonal level). By contrast, connectionism and other nonclassical models, insofar as they exploit receptor and tacit notions of representation, are not genuinely representational. As a result, Ramsey submits, cognitive science is taking a U-turn from representationalism (...)
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  19. Francisco Calvo Garzón & Ángel García Rodríguez (2009). Where is Cognitive Science Heading? Minds and Machines 19 (3):301-318.score: 28.0
    According to Ramsey (Representation reconsidered, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007 ), only classical cognitive science, with the related notions of input–output and structural representations, meets the job description challenge (the challenge to show that a certain structure or process serves a representational role at the subpersonal level). By contrast, connectionism and other nonclassical models, insofar as they exploit receptor and tacit notions of representation, are not genuinely representational. As a result, Ramsey submits, cognitive science is taking a U-turn from (...)
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  20. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2008). Towards a General Theory of Antirepresentationalism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):259 - 292.score: 28.0
    This work represents an attempt to stake out the landscape for dynamicism based on a radical dismissal of the information-processing paradigm that dominates the philosophy of cognitive science. In Section 2, after setting up the basic toolkit of a theory of minimal representationalism, I introduce the central tenets of dynamic systems theory (DST) by discussing recent research in the dynamics of embodiment (Thelen et al. [2001]) in the perseverative-reaching literature. A recent proposal on the dynamics of representation—the dynamic field approach (...)
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  21. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2001). Can We Turn a Blind Eye to Eliminativism? International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (4):485 – 498.score: 28.0
    In this paper I shall reply to two arguments that Stephen Stich (1990; 1991; 1996) has recently put forward against the thesis of eliminative materialism. In a nutshell, Stich argues that (i) the thesis of eliminative materialism, according to which propositional attitudes don't exist, is neither true nor false, and that (ii) even if it were true, that would be philosophically uninteresting. To support (i) and (ii) Stich relies on two premises: (a) that the job of a theory of reference (...)
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  22. Francisco Calvo Garzon (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.score: 28.0
  23. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2005). Rules, Similarity, and the Information-Processing Blind Alley. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):17-18.score: 28.0
    Pothos's revision of rules and similarity in the area of language illustrates the impression that the classicist/connectionist debate is in a blind alley. Under his continuum proposal, both hypotheses fall neatly within the information-processing paradigm. In my view, the paradigm shift that dynamic systems theory represents (Spencer & Thelen 2003) should be submitted to critical scrutiny. Specific formalizations of the Rules versus Similarity distinction may not lead to a form of unification under Generalized Context Models or connectionist networks.
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  24. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2004). Issues of Implementation Matter for Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):397-398.score: 28.0
    I argue that a dynamical framing of the emulation theory of representation may be at odds with its articulation in Grush's information-processing terms. An architectural constraint implicit in the emulation theory may have consequences not envisaged in the target article. In my view, “how the emulator manages to implement the forward mapping” is pivotal with regard to whether we have an emulation theory of representation, as opposed to an emulation theory of (mere) applied forces.
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  25. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2003). Nonclassical Connectionism Should Enter the Decathlon. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):603-604.score: 28.0
    In this commentary I explore nonclassical connectionism (NCC) as a coherent framework for evaluation in the spirit of the Newell Test. Focusing on knowledge integration, development, real-time performance, and flexible behavior, I argue that NCC's “within-theory rank ordering” would place subsymbolic modeling in a better position. Failure to adopt a symbolic level of thought cannot be interpreted as a weakness.
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  26. Francisco Calvo Garz& X. 000 F. 3 N. (2001). Can We Turn a Blind Eye to Eliminativism? International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (4):485-498.score: 28.0
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  27. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2000). State Space Semantics and Conceptual Similarity: Reply to Churchland. Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):77-95.score: 24.0
    Jerry Fodor and Ernest Lepore [(1992) Holism: a shopper's guide, Oxford: Blackwell; (1996) in R. McCauley (Ed.) The Churchlands and their critics , Cambridge: Blackwell] have launched a powerful attack against Paul Churchland's connectionist theory of semantics--also known as state space semantics. In one part of their attack, Fodor and Lepore argue that the architectural and functional idiosyncrasies of connectionist networks preclude us from articulating a notion of conceptual similarity applicable to state space semantics. Aarre Laakso and Gary Cottrell [(1998) (...)
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  28. Daniel Schwartz (2008). Francisco Suárez on Consent and Political Obligation. Vivarium 46 (1):59-81.score: 24.0
    Interpreters disagree on the origin that Francisco Suárez assigns to political obligation and correlative political subjection. According to some, Suárez, as other social contract theorists, believes that it is the consent of the individuals that causes political obligation. Others, however, claim that for Suárez, political obligation is underived from the individuals' consent which creates the city. In support of this claim they invoke Suárez's view that political power emanates from the city by way of "natural resultancy". I argue that (...)
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  29. Ángel García Rodríguez & Francisco Calvo Garzón (2010). Is Cognition a Matter of Representations?: Emulation, Teleology, and Time-Keeping in Biological Systems. Adaptive Behavior 18 (5):400-415.score: 24.0
    Contemporary literature distinguishes two ways to defend the claim that cognition is a matter of representations: one, cognition involves representation-hungry tasks; two, cognition involves a complex form of informational covariation between subcomponents of a system with an adaptive function. Each of these conceptions involves a different notion of representation, and promotes a particular view of the architecture of cognition. But despite the differences, each of them aims to support the claim that cognition is a matter of representations on architectural constraints. (...)
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  30. Andreas Wagner (2011). Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili on the Legal Character of the Global Commonwealth. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 31 (3):565-582.score: 24.0
    In discussing the works of 16th-century theorists Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, this article examines how two different conceptions of a global legal community affect the legal character of the international order and the obligatory force of international law. For Vitoria the legal bindingness of ius gentium necessarily presupposes an integrated character of the global commonwealth that leads him to as it were ascribe legal personality to the global community as a whole. But then its legal status and (...)
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  31. Norbert Brieskorn Sj (2009). Pensar a substância em Francisco Suárez – a respeito da Disputatio Metaphysica XXXIII. Veritas 54 (3).score: 24.0
    Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) publicou em 1597 sua obra-prima em metafísica, as Disputationes metaphysicae. Na trigésima terceira Disputa – o objeto deste artigo – Suárez defende primeiramente a substância sobtrês aspectos: como “ens per se” (uma entidade independente), como o que permanece no tempo, e como o suporte fundamental de acidentes. Secundariamente, ele utiliza três distinções com o objetivo de articular a noção de substância: substâncias completas e incompletas, substâncias perfeitas e imperfeitas, e a distinção entre substância primeira e substância (...)
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  32. Francisco Calvo Garzon (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.score: 24.0
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  33. Juliana de Mello Moraes (2011). As celebrações nas igrejas da ordem terceira de São Francisco: festas e cultura entre os seculares franciscanos no Império português, século XVIII (The celebrations in the churches of the Third Ord. of St. Francis) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p306. [REVIEW] Horizonte 8 (21):306-320.score: 24.0
    Resumo As festas, durante o século XVIII, desempenhavam um importante papel no cotidiano das associações de leigos e religiosas. As ordens terceiras franciscanas organizavam distintas celebrações no intuito de promover a instituição no campo religioso local, difundir suas devoções e, ao mesmo tempo, ampliar o seu recrutamento. Este artigo analisa alguns elementos constituintes das celebrações realizadas pelas ordens terceiras de São Francisco em diferentes cidades do império português (Braga e São Paulo), visando compreender o significado e a valorização atribuídos (...)
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  34. Lucas Soares Portela (2014). CAMAROTTI, Gerson. Segredos do Conclave: os bastidores da eleição do papa Francisco e a operação do Vaticano para estancar a hemorragia de fiéis na América Latina. 1ª ed. São Paulo: Geração Editorial, 2013. [REVIEW] Horizonte 12 (33):264-269.score: 24.0
    RESENHA: CAMAROTTI, Gerson. Segredos do Conclave: os bastidores da eleição do papa Francisco e a operação do Vaticano para estancar a hemorragia de fiéis na América Latina. 1ª ed. São Paulo: Geração Editorial, 2013.
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  35. Rafael V. Orden Jiménez (2003). La teoría de la casualidad natural de Francisco Sánchez el escéptico. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 20:247-267.score: 24.0
    La obra más popular de Francisco Sánchez, Quod nihil scitur (1581), transmite un pensamiento completamente escéptico. No obstante, otros escritos como Carmen de Corneta anni MDLXXVII (1578), nos ofrecen diversas ideas de cómo consideraba Sánchez que era posible el conocimiento científico como, por ejemplo, su pensamiento sobre las relaciones causales entre objetos naturales.
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  36. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.score: 24.0
  37. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2008). On the Cognitive Architecture of Insects and Other Information-Processing Systems. Análisis Filosófico 28 (1):13-33.score: 24.0
    According to Carruthers (2004) ants and bees have minds. This claim is to be understood realistically. We do not interpret the overt behaviour of ants and bees by ascribing to them beliefs and desires in an instrumental manner. They rather possess minds in the relevant cognitive sense. In this paper, I propose to pave the way for a reductio against such a polemic view. In particular, I shall argue that if ants and bees have minds, by the same token, plants (...)
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  38. A. Jiménez García (1989). Suárez Dobarrio, F., Francisco Sánchez y el escepticismo de su tiempo. Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 23 (12):293.score: 24.0
    The most popular work of Francisco Sánchez, Quo nihil scitur (1581), transmits an absolutely sceptic thought. However, other writings like Carmen de Cometa anni M.D.LXXVII (1578), offer us different ideas about how Sánchez considers possible the scientific knowledge like, for example, his idea about the casual relations between natural objects.
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  39. Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp (2009). Ius est idem quod dominium: Conrado Summenhart, Francisco de Vitoria y la conquista de América. Veritas 54 (3).score: 24.0
    This article intends to argue that Francisco de Vitoria’s conception of the Spanish Conquest of America is based upon notions that stem from various sources of the 14th and 15th Century. One of his most important source is the Opus septipertitum de contractibus, written by the German theologian Conradus Summenhart, whom Vitoria quotes frequently. By comparing both thinkers it can be shown that Vitoria’s basic terminology concerning rights and dominion is in greatly indebted to Summenhart’s account.
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  40. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2003). Connectionist Semantics and the Collateral Information Challenge. Mind and Language 18 (1):77-94.score: 24.0
     
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  41. Francisco Calvo Garzón (2003). Nonclassical Connectionism Should Enter the Decathlon. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):603-604.score: 24.0
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  42. Francisco Calvo GarzóN. (2000). Semantic Perversity. Teorema 19 (2):65-77.score: 24.0
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  43. Tecnico Acfs (2006). A Don francisco Ayala, con reconocimiento Y afecto. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 40:243-253.score: 21.0
    Don Francisco Ayala cumple los cien años de edad; ésta ha sido la excusa para hacerle una serie de homenajes que se le debían en el ámbito académico y también en el extra-académico. Los Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez ya publicaron un texto de don Francisco en esta misma sección de “Documentos” hace algunos años (“Los derechos individuales como garantía de la libertad”, Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez, núm. 36, 2002, págs. 329-341), como modesto (...)
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  44. Francisco J. Varela & Bernhard Poerksen (2006). Truth is What Works : Francisco J. Varela on Cognitive Science, Buddhism, the Inseparability of Subject and Object, and the Exaggerations of Constructivism--A Conversation. Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (1):35-53.score: 18.0
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  45. Evan Thompson (2004). Life and Mind: From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology. A Tribute to Francisco Varela. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):381-398.score: 18.0
    This talk, delivered at De l''autopoièse à la neurophénoménologie: un hommage à Francisco Varela; from autopoiesis to neurophenomenology: a tribute to Francisco Varela, June 18–20, at the Sorbonne in Paris, explicates several links between Varela''s neurophenomenology and his biological concept of autopoiesis.
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  46. John Protevi, Beyond Autopoiesis: Inflections of Emergence and Politics in the Work of Francisco Varela.score: 18.0
    Francisco Varela’s work is a monumental achievement in 20th century biological and biophilosophical thought. After his early collaboration in neo-cybernetics with Humberto Maturana (“autopoiesis”), Varela made fundamental contributions to immunology (“network theory”), Artificial Life (“cellular automata”), cognitive science (“enaction”), philosophy of mind (“neurophenomenology”), brain studies (“the brainweb”), and East- West dialogue (the Mind and Life conferences). In the course of his career, Varela influenced many important collaborators and interlocutors, formed a generation of excellent students, and touched the lives of (...)
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  47. Damian Caluori (2007). The Scepticism of Francisco Sanchez. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (1):30-46.score: 18.0
    The Renaissance sceptic and medical doctor Francisco Sanchez has been rather unduly neglected in scholarly work on Renaissance scepticism. In this paper I discuss his scepticism against the background of the ancient distinction between Academic and Pyrrhonian scepticism. I argue that Sanchez was a Pyrrhonist rather than, as has been claimed in recent years, a mitigated Academic sceptic. In keeping with this I shall also try to show that Sanchez was crucially influenced by the ancient medical school of empiricism, (...)
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