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Profile: Frank Zenker (Lund University)
  1. Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (2013). Theory Change as Dimensional Change: Conceptual Spaces Applied to the Dynamics of Empirical Theories. Synthese 190 (6):1039-1058.
    This paper offers a novel way of reconstructing conceptual change in empirical theories. Changes occur in terms of the structure of the dimensions—that is to say, the conceptual spaces—underlying the conceptual framework within which a given theory is formulated. Five types of changes are identified: (1) addition or deletion of special laws, (2) change in scale or metric, (3) change in the importance of dimensions, (4) change in the separability of dimensions, and (5) addition or deletion of dimensions. Given (...)
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  2.  3
    Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker, Applications of Conceptual Spaces.
    This chapter makes use of two data sources, terminological schemas for wine descriptions and actual wine reviews, for the investigation of how experiences of sensory perceptions of vision, smell, taste and touch are described. In spite of all the great challenges involved in describing perceptions, professional wine reviewers are expected to be able to give an understandable account of their experiences. The reviews are explored with focus on the different types of descriptors and the ways their meanings are construed. It (...)
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  3.  6
    Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (2015). Communication, Rationality, and Conceptual Changes in Scientific Theories. In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer International Publishing
    This article outlines how conceptual spaces theory applies to modeling changes of scientific frameworks when these are treated as spatial structures rather than as linguistic entities. The theory is briefly introduced and five types of changes are presented. It is then contrasted with Michael Friedman’s neo-Kantian account that seeks to render Kuhn’s “paradigm shift” as a communicatively rational historical event of conceptual development in the sciences. Like Friedman, we refer to the transition from Newtonian to relativistic mechanics as an example (...)
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  4.  24
    Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (2013). Modeling Diachronic Changes in Structuralism and in Conceptual Spaces. Erkenntnis 79 (S8):1-15.
    Our aim in this article is to show how the theory of conceptual spaces can be useful in describing diachronic changes to conceptual frameworks, and thus useful in understanding conceptual change in the empirical sciences. We also compare the conceptual space approach to Moulines’s typology of intertheoretical relations in the structuralist tradition. Unlike structuralist reconstructions, those based on conceptual spaces yield a natural way of modeling the changes of a conceptual framework, including noncumulative changes, by tracing the changes to the (...)
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  5.  54
    Holger Andreas & Frank Zenker (2014). Basic Concepts of Structuralism. Erkenntnis 79 (S8):1367-1372.
    Primarily addressed to readers unfamiliar with the structuralist approach in philosophy of science, we introduce the basic concepts that the contributions to this special issue presuppose. By means of examples, we briefly review set-theoretic structures and predicates, the potential and actual models of an empirical theory, intended applications, as well as links and specializations that are applied, among others, in reconstructing the empirical claim associated with a theory element.
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  6.  19
    Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (2011). Using Conceptual Spaces to Model the Dynamics of Empirical Theories. In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer 137--153.
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  7.  34
    Graciana Petersen & Frank Zenker (2014). From Euler to Navier–Stokes: A Spatial Analysis of Conceptual Changes in Nineteenth-Century Fluid Dynamics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):235-253.
    This article provides a spatial analysis of the conceptual framework of fluid dynamics during the nineteenth century, focusing on the transition from the Euler equation to the Navier–Stokes equation. A dynamic version of Peter Gärdenfors's theory of conceptual spaces is applied which distinguishes changes of five types: addition and deletion of special laws; change of metric; change in importance; change in separability; addition and deletion of dimensions. The case instantiates all types but the deletion of dimensions. We also provide a (...)
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  8.  17
    David Godden & Frank Zenker (2015). Denying Antecedents and Affirming Consequents: The State of the Art. Informal Logic 35 (1):88-134.
    Recent work on conditional reasoning argues that denying the antecedent [DA] and affirming the consequent [AC] are defeasible but cogent patterns of argument, either because they are effective, rational, albeit heuristic applications of Bayesian probability, or because they are licensed by the principle of total evidence. Against this, we show that on any prevailing interpretation of indicative conditionals the premises of DA and AC arguments do not license their conclusions without additional assumptions. The cogency of DA and AC inferences rather (...)
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  9. Frank Zenker, Pragma-Dialectic’s Necessary Conditions for a Critical Discussion.
    I present a “reduced” version of the fifteen Pragma-dialectical rules and inquire into their theoretical status as necessary conditions for a critical discussion. Questions: In what respect is PD’s non-sufficiency a deficiency, can and must it be remedied? Brief answers: with respect to defining the concept ‘critical discussion,’ possibly, yes, if, and only if, one seeks to identify the concept ‘critical discussion’; no, if PD is for fallacy-detection.
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  10.  3
    Frank Zenker (2010). Analyzing Social Policy Argumentation: A Case Study on the Opinion of the German National Ethics Council on an Amendment of the Stem Cell Law. Informal Logic 30 (1):62-91.
    This paper analyzes and evaluates the 2007 majority opinion of the German National Ethics Council which seeks to establish new information (as to the inferior quality of legally procurable human embryonic stem cells) as a sufficient reason for a relaxation of the 2002 Stem Cell Law. A micro-level analysis of the opinion’s central section is conducted and evaluated vis à vis the strongest known opponent position in the national debate at that time. The argumentation is claimed to rely on an (...)
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  11.  24
    Frank Zenker (2012). Review of Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman. [REVIEW] Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 27 (2):54-57.
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  12.  19
    Frank Zenker & Holger Andreas (2013). Perspectives on Structuralism, Munich, Germany, 16–18 February 2012. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):227-234.
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  13.  51
    Frank Zenker (2006). Lakatos's Challenge? Auxiliary Hypotheses and Non-Monotonous Inference. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):405 - 415.
    Gerhard Schurz [2001, Journal for General Philosophy of Science, 32, 65-107] has proposed to reconstruct auxiliary hypothesis addition, e.g., postulation of Neptune to immunize Newtonian mechanics, with concepts from non-monotonous inference to avoid the retention of false predictions that are among the consequence-set of the deductive model. However, the non-monotonous reconstruction retains the observational premise that is indeed rejected in the deductive model. Hence, his proposal fails to do justice to Lakatos' core-belt model, therefore fails to meet what Schurz coined (...)
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  14.  19
    Holger Andreas & Frank Zenker (2014). Perspectives on Structuralism. Erkenntnis 79 (S8):1365-1365.
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  15.  1
    Frank Zenker, Treating Kuhn’s Gap with Critical Contextualism. Review of William Rehg . Cogent Science in Context. The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory and Habermas, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. [REVIEW]
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  16.  12
    Frank Zenker & Carlo Proietti (2014). Editors’ Introduction: Social Dynamics and Collective Rationality. Synthese 191 (11):2353-2358.
    We provide a brief introduction to this special issue on social dynamics and collective rationality, and summarize the gist of the papers collected therein.
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  17.  3
    Frank Zenker (forthcoming). Workshop on Bayesian Argumentation. The Reasoner.
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  18.  22
    Frank Zenker (2011). Parmenides as Secret Hero. Gregor Betz's Theorie Dialektischer Strukturen (Theory of Dialectical Structures). Argumentation 25 (4):513-525.
    Parmenides as Secret Hero. Gregor Betz’s Theorie Dialektischer Strukturen (Theory of Dialectical Structures) Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-13 DOI 10.1007/s10503-011-9213-z Authors Frank Zenker, Department of Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Lund University, Kungshuset, Lundagård, 222 22 Lund, Sweden Journal Argumentation Online ISSN 1572-8374 Print ISSN 0920-427X.
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  19.  1
    Frank Zenker (2007). Lakatos’s Challenge? Auxiliary Hypotheses and Non-Monotonous Inference. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):405-415.
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  20.  2
    Frank Zenker, Know Thy Biases! Bringing Argumentative Virtues to the Classroom.
    We present empirical evidence from social psychological research which suggests that standard methods employed when teaching the heuristics and biases program in the context of critical thinking instruction are likelier to facilitate the discernment and correction of biases in others’ reasoning than to have a similar effect in the self-monitoring case. Exemplified by the social phenomenon of false polarization, we suggest that CT instruction may be improved by fostering student’s abilities at counterfactual meta-cognition, and present a corresponding teaching and learning (...)
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  21.  10
    Frank Zenker (2011). Experts and Bias: When is the Interest-Based Objection to Expert Argumentation Sound? [REVIEW] Argumentation 25 (3):355-370.
    I discuss under what conditions the objection that an expert’s argument is biased by her self-interest can be a meaningful and sound argumentative move. I suggest replacing the idea of bias qua self-interest by that of a conflict of interests, exploit the distinction between an expert context and a public context, and hold that the objection can be meaningful. Yet, the evaluation is overall negative, because the motivational role of self-interest for human behavior remains unclear. Moreover, if recent social-psychological (...)
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  22.  2
    Frank Zenker (2009). Review of FH van Eemeren & B. Garssen (Eds)(2008). Controversy and Confrontation. Amsterdam: John Benjamis. [REVIEW] Informal Logic 29 (4):447-475.
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  23.  1
    Frank Zenker (2009). Eemeren & Garssen's Controversy and Confrontation: Relating Controversy Analysis with Argumentation Theory. Informal Logic 29 (4):449-479.
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  24.  1
    Frank Zenker & Fred Kauffeld, Foundations for Nothing and Facts for Free?
    According to Michael Rescorla’s recent defense of dialectical egalitarianism reasoned discourse lacks a foundational structure, but saves the foundational intuition that some propositions are basic. On this view, I may select the reasons forwarded in support of a claim according to their being accepted by particular communities/audiences. I discuss the epistemic risk of doing so, and clarify if Rescorla’s is an epistemic approach in disguise.
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  25.  2
    Frank Zenker (2013). What Do Normative Approaches to Argumentation Stand to Gain From Rhetorical Insights? Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):415-436.
    Rhetorical analyses typically characterize structural, topical, and stylistic features of written or spoken argumentative text, and may also consider the context of interaction as well as the epistemic and social standing of participants as these relate to the goals of gaining, sustaining, and strengthening an audience’s adherence to a thesis or a course of action. Such considerations, broadly conceived, are taken to constitute rhetorical insights, insofar as they bear on effecting audience persuasion or, for that matter, fail to do so. (...)
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  26.  1
    Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (eds.) (2015). Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer International Publishing.
    Why is a red face not really red? How do we decide that this book is a textbook or not? Conceptual spaces provide the medium on which these computations are performed, but an additional operation is needed: Contrast. By contrasting a reddish face with a prototypical face, one gets a prototypical ‘red’. By contrasting this book with a prototypical textbook, the lack of exercises may pop out. Dynamic contrasting is an essential operation for converting perceptions into predicates. The existence of (...)
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  27. Ulrike Hahn, Frank Zenker & Roland Bluhm (forthcoming). Causal Argument. In Michael R. Waldmann (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning. Oxford University Press
    In this chapter, we outline the range of argument forms involving causation that can be found in everyday discourse. We also survey empirical work concerned with the generation and evaluation of such arguments. This survey makes clear that there is presently no unified body of research concerned with causal argument. We highlight the benefits of a unified treatment both for those interested in causal cognition and those interested in argumentation, and identify the key challenges that must be met (...)
     
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  28. Frank Zenker (ed.) (2011). Argumentation: Cognition & Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18--21, 2011. [REVIEW] OSSA.
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  29. Frank Zenker (ed.) (2012). Argumentation: Cognition & Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation [CD-ROM]. Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
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  30. Frank Zenker (ed.) (2011). Argument Cultures: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA) (University of Windsor, ON 18-21 May 2011). OSSA.
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  31. Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (eds.) (2015). Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer International Publishing.
    Why is a red face not really red? How do we decide that this book is a textbook or not? Conceptual spaces provide the medium on which these computations are performed, but an additional operation is needed: Contrast. By contrasting a reddish face with a prototypical face, one gets a prototypical ‘red’. By contrasting this book with a prototypical textbook, the lack of exercises may pop out. Dynamic contrasting is an essential operation for converting perceptions into predicates. The existence of (...)
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  32.  1
    Frank Zenker (ed.) (2013). Bayesian Argumentation – The Practical Side of Probability. Springer.
    Relevant to, and drawing from, a range of disciplines, the chapters in this collection show the diversity, and applicability, of research in Bayesian argumentation.
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  33. Frank Zenker, Commentary On: Mark Battersby and Sharon Bailin's "Critical Thinking and Cognitive Biases".
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  34. Frank Zenker, Commentary on Plug.
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  35. Frank Zenker, Deduction, Induction, Conduction. An Attempt at Unifying Natural Language Argument Structures.
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  36. Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (2015). Editors’ Introduction: Conceptual Spaces at Work. In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer International Publishing
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  37. Frank Zenker, Editor's Preface.
    Editor's Preface from the 9th OSSA Conference.
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  38. Frank Zenker (2006). Monotonicity and Reasoning with Exceptions. Argumentation 20 (2):227-236.
    A proposal by Ferguson [2003, Argumentation 17, 335–346] for a fully monotonic argument form allowing for the expression of defeasible generalizations is critically examined and rejected as a general solution. It is argued that (i) his proposal reaches less than the default-logician’s solution allows, e.g., the monotonously derived conclusion is one-sided and itself not defeasible. (ii) when applied to a suitable example, his proposal derives the wrong conclusion. Unsuccessful remedies are discussed.
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  39. Frank Zenker, Money, Money, Money.
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  40. Frank Zenker, Reconstructive Charity, Soundness and the RSA-Criteria of Good Argumentation.
    This paper discusses an example of social policy argumentation from an opinion of the 2007 majority among the German National Ethics Council . It is employed to problematize argument reconstruction with respect to the Informal Logic quality criteria relevance, sufficiency, acceptability . The main thesis is conditional and rather weak: If the RSA criteria are sub-stitutes for the notion of soundness, then—next to premise-truth and validity—they also substitute recon-structive charity.
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