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  1. Frank van der Velde (2013). Consciousness as a Process of Queries and Answers in Architectures Based on in Situ Representations. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (1):27-45.
  2. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2006). From Neural Dynamics to True Combinatorial Structures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):88-104.
    Various issues concerning the neural blackboard architectures for combinatorial structures are discussed and clarified. They range from issues related to neural dynamics, the structure of the architectures for language and vision, and alternative architectures, to linguistic issues concerning the language architecture. Particular attention is given to the nature of true combinatorial structures and the way in which information can be retrieved from them in a productive and systematic manner.
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  3. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2006). Neural Blackboard Architectures of Combinatorial Structures in Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):37-70.
    Human cognition is unique in the way in which it relies on combinatorial (or compositional) structures. Language provides ample evidence for the existence of combinatorial structures, but they can also be found in visual cognition. To understand the neural basis of human cognition, it is therefore essential to understand how combinatorial structures can be instantiated in neural terms. In his recent book on the foundations of language, Jackendoff described four fundamental problems for a neural instantiation of combinatorial structures: the massiveness (...)
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  4. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2002). Involvement of a Visual Blackboard Architecture in Imagery. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):213-214.
    We discuss a visual blackboard architecture that could be involved in imagery. In this architecture, networks that process identity information interact with networks that process location information, in a manner that produces structural (compositional) forms of representation. Architectures of this kind can be identified in the visual cortex, but perhaps also in prefrontal cortex areas related with working memory.
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  5. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2002). Synchrony in the Eye of the Beholder: An Analysis of the Role of Neural Synchronization in Cognitive Processes. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):291-312.
    We discuss the role of synchrony of activationin higher-level cognitive processes. Inparticular, we analyze the question of whethersynchrony of activation provides a mechanismfor compositional representation in neuralsystems. We will argue that synchrony ofactivation does not provide a mechanism forcompositional representation in neural systems.At face value, one can identify a level ofcompositional representation in the models thatintroduce synchrony of activation for thispurpose. But behavior in these models isalways produced by means conjunctiverepresentations in the form of coincidencedetectors. Therefore, models that rely onsynchrony (...)
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  6. Frank van der Velde (1999). A Spy to Spy on a Spy: From Type to Token Representation with Cell Assemblies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):306-307.
    The idea of representing words with cell assemblies is very appealing. However, syntactic sequences need to be represented as well. This cannot be done by using the activity levels of assemblies. Instead, structural relations and operations between assemblies are needed to achieve serial order in syntactic word strings.
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  7. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (1998). Toward a Synthesis of Dynamical Systems and Classical Computation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):652-653.
    Cognitive agents are dynamical systems but not quantitative dynamical systems. Quantitative systems are forms of analogue computation, which is physically too unreliable as a basis for cognition. Instead, cognitive agents are dynamical systems that implement discrete forms of computation. Only such a synthesis of discrete computation and dynamical systems can provide the mathematical basis for modeling cognitive behavior.
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  8. Frank van der Velde, Gezinus Wolters & A. H. C. van der Heijden (1994). Marr Versus Marr: On the Notion of Levels. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):681.
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