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  1. Gordon G. Sollars & Fred Englander (forthcoming). Sweatshops: Kant and Consequences. Business Ethics Quarterly.
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  2. Alan Fask, Fred Englander & Zhaobo Wang (2014). Do Online Exams Facilitate Cheating? An Experiment Designed to Separate Possible Cheating From the Effect of the Online Test Taking Environment. Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (2):101-112.
    Despite recent growth in distance education, there has been relatively little research on whether online examinations facilitate student cheating. The present paper utilizes an experimental design to assess the difference in student performance between students taking a traditional, proctored exam and those taking an online, unproctored exam. This difference in performance is examined in a manner which considers both the effect of the different physical test environments and the possible effect of a difference in the opportunity for students to cheat. (...)
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  3. Fred Englander (2007). Sweatshops. Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):115-133.
    Arnold and Bowie (2003) attempt to derive ethical constraints on the actions of the managers of multinational enterprises (MNEs), orthe MNEs themselves, from a Kantian perspective. We contest Arnold and Bowie’s claims regarding MNE duties, in particular that MNEs have a duty to pay a subsistence wage above market levels. We conclude that even within Arnold and Bowie’s Kantian framework such a duty does not properly emerge. In addition, we argue that the account of coercion used by Arnold and Bowie (...)
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  4. Tim Duvall, Fred Englander, Valerie Englander, Thomas J. Hodson & Mark Marpet (2002). Ethical and Economic Issues in the Use of Zero-Emission Vehicles as a Component of an Air-Pollution Mitigation Strategy. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):561-578.
    The air pollution generated by motor vehicles and by static sources is, in certain geographic areas, a very serious problem, a problem that exists because of a failure of the marketplace. To address this marketplace failure, the State of California has mandated that by 2003, 10% of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (LDV) be composed of Zero-Emission Vehicles (ZEVs). However, the policy-making process that was utilized to generate the ZEV mandate was problematic and the resulting ZEV mandate is economically unsound. Moreover, (...)
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  5. Thomas J. Hodson, Fred Englander & Valerie Englander (1999). Ethical, Legal and Economic Aspects of Employer Monitoring of Employee Electronic Mail. Journal of Business Ethics 19 (1):99 - 108.
    This paper examines ethical, legal and economic dimensions of the decision facing employers regarding whether it is appropriate to monitor the electronic mail (e-mail) communications of its employees. We review the question of whether such monitoring is lawful. Recent e-mail monitoring cases are viewed as a progression from cases involving more established technologies (i.e., phone calls, internal memoranda, faxes and voice mail).The central focus of the paper is on the extent to which employer monitoring of employee e-mail presents a structure (...)
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