Search results for 'Fred Weinstein' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fred Weinstein (1990). History and Theory After the Fall: An Essay on Interpretation. University of Chicago Press.score: 540.0
    In this ambitious work, Fred Weinstein confronts the obstacles that have increasingly frustrated our attempts to explain social and historical reality. Traditionally, we have relied on history and social theory to describe the ways people understand the world they live in. But the ordering explanations we have always used--derived from the classical social theories originally forged by Marx, Tocqueville, Weber, Durkheim, Freud--have collapsed. In the wake of this collapse or "fall," the rival claims of fiction, psychoanalysis, sociology, anthropology, (...)
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  2. Abninder Litt, Chris Eliasmith, Fred Kroon, Steven Weinstein & Paul Thagard (2006). Is the Brain a Quantum Computer? Cognitive Science 30 (3):593-603.score: 300.0
    We argue that computation via quantum mechanical processes is irrelevant to explaining how brains produce thought, contrary to the ongoing speculations of many theorists. First, quantum effects do not have the temporal properties required for neural information processing. Second, there are substantial physical obstacles to any organic instantiation of quantum computation. Third, there is no psychological evidence that such mental phenomena as consciousness and mathematical thinking require explanation via quantum theory. We conclude that understanding brain function is unlikely to require (...)
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  3. Fred Weinstein (forthcoming). Psychohistory and the Crisis of the Social Sciences. History and Theory.score: 240.0
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  4. Mark Weinstein (1988). Weinstein, From P. 3. Inquiry 2 (1):7-8.score: 180.0
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  5. Mark Weinstein (1990). Weinstein, From Page 1. Inquiry 6 (2):19-19.score: 180.0
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  6. Mark Weinstein (1993). Weinstein, From Page One. Inquiry 11 (3):16-22.score: 180.0
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  7. Mark Weinstein (1988). Weinstein, From P. 8. Inquiry 2 (1):12-12.score: 180.0
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  8. Mark Weinstein (1991). Weinstein (From Page 1). Inquiry 7 (1):14-14.score: 180.0
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  9. Mark Weinstein (1992). Weinstein, From Page 3. Inquiry 9 (1):17-22.score: 180.0
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  10. Eileen Barner (1975). Ideology and Social Knowledge. Harold J. Bershady. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, I973. Pp. I78. £3.25. Psychoanalytic Sociology : An Essay on the Interpretation of Historical and the Phenomena of Collective Behaviour. Fred Weinstein and Gerald M. Platt. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, I973. Pp. XI+I24. $8.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5 (2):215-221.score: 150.0
  11. Ben Eggleston, Dale E. Miller & D. Weinstein (eds.) (2011). John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    The 'Art of Life' is John Stuart Mill's name for his account of practical reason. In this volume, eleven leading scholars elucidate this fundamental, but widely neglected, element of Mill's thought. Mill divides the Art of Life into three 'departments': 'Morality, Prudence or Policy, and Æsthetics'. In the volume's first section, Rex Martin, David Weinstein, Ben Eggleston, and Dale E. Miller investigate the relation between the departments of morality and prudence. Their papers ask whether Mill is a rule utilitarian (...)
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  12. Lawrence Weinstein (2012). Guesstimation 2.0: Solving Today's Problems on the Back of a Napkin. Princeton University Press.score: 60.0
    "This is an absolutely great book, a worthy sequel to "Guesstimation." The breadth of scope of the problems is truly impressive. Weinstein's arguments are always convincing and, in many cases, very clever.
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  13. Michael A. Weinstein (1978). Meaning and Appreciation: Time and Modern Political Life. Purdue University Press.score: 60.0
    In Meaning and Appreciation, Michael Weinstein traces the history of the failure of historical meaning, showing how the disappearance of collective purpose has ...
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  14. Steven Weinstein, Anthropic Reasoning in Multiverse Cosmology and String Theory.score: 30.0
    Anthropic arguments in multiverse cosmology and string theory rely on the weak anthropic principle (WAP). We show that the principle, though ultimately a tautology, is nevertheless ambiguous. It can be reformulated in one of two unambiguous ways, which we refer to as WAP_1 and WAP_2. We show that WAP_2, the version most commonly used in anthropic reasoning, makes no physical predictions unless supplemented by a further assumption of "typicality", and we argue that this assumption is both misguided and unjustified. WAP_1, (...)
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  15. Steven Weinstein (1999). Gravity and Gauge Theory. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):155.score: 30.0
    Gauge theories are theories that are invariant under a characteristic group of "gauge" transformations. General relativity is invariant under transformations of the diffeomorphism group. This has prompted many philosophers and physicists to treat general relativity as a gauge theory, and diffeomorphisms as gauge transformations. I argue that this approach is misguided.
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  16. S. I. Benn & W. L. Weinstein (1971). Being Free to Act, and Being a Free Man. Mind 80 (318):194-211.score: 30.0
  17. Steven Weinstein (2006). Superluminal Signaling and Relativity. Synthese 148 (2):381 - 399.score: 30.0
    Special relativity is said to prohibit faster-than-light (superluminal) signaling, yet controversy regularly arises as to whether this or that physical phenomenon violates the prohibition. I argue that the controversy is a result of a lack of clarity as to what it means to ‘signal’, and I propose a criterion. I show that according to this criterion, superluminal signaling is not prohibited by special relativity.
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  18. Bruce D. Weinstein (1993). What is an Expert? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).score: 30.0
    Experts play an important role in society, but there has been little investigation about the nature of expertise. I argue that there are two kinds of experts: those whose expertise is a function of what theyknow (epistemic expertise), or what theydo (performative expertise). Epistemic expertise is the capacity to provide strong justifications for a range of propositions in a domain, while performative expertise is the capacity to perform a skill well according to the rules and virtues of a practice. Both (...)
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  19. Steven Weinstein (2001). Absolute Quantum Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):67-73.score: 30.0
    Whereas one can conceive of a relational classical mechanics in which absolute space and time do not play a fundamental role, quantum mechanics does not readily admit any such relational formulation.
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  20. Bruce D. Weinstein (1994). The Possibility of Ethical Expertise. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).score: 30.0
    Can we legitimately speak of ethicsexperts? Recent literature in philosophy and medical ethics addresses this important question but does not offer a satisfactory answer. Part of the problem is the absence of an examination of what it means to be an expert in general. I therefore begin by reviewing my analysis of expertise which appeared earlier in this journal. We speak of two kinds of experts: persons whose expertise is in virtue of what theyknow (epistemic expertise), or what theydo (performative (...)
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  21. Steven Weinstein, Quantum Gravity. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  22. Scott Weinstein (1974). Truth and Demonstratives. Noûs 8 (2):179-184.score: 30.0
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  23. Steven Weinstein (2003). Objectivity, Information, and Maxwell's Demon. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1245-1255.score: 30.0
    This paper examines some common measures of complexity, structure, and information, with an eye toward understanding the extent to which complexity or information‐content may be regarded as objective properties of individual objects. A form of contextual objectivity is proposed which renders the measures objective, and which largely resolves the puzzle of Maxwell's Demon.
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  24. Daniel Osherson & Scott Weinstein (1995). On the Danger of Half-Truths. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (1):85 - 115.score: 30.0
    Criteria of approximate scientific success are defined within a formal paradigm of empirical inquiry. One consequence of aiming for less than perfect truth is examined.
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  25. Haim Gaifman, Daniel N. Osherson & Scott Weinstein (1990). A Reason for Theoretical Terms. Erkenntnis 32 (2):149 - 159.score: 30.0
    The presence of nonobservational vocabulary is shown to be necessary for wide application of a conservative principle of theory revision.
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  26. Steven Weinstein, Review of Palle Yourgrau's "Gödel Meets Einstein: Time Travel in the Gödel Universe.". [REVIEW]score: 30.0
    This is a review of Yourgrau's book, the second edition of his "The Disappearance of Time.".
     
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  27. Jack Weinstein (2006). Sympathy, Difference, and Education: Social Unity in the Work of Adam Smith. Economics and Philosophy 22 (1):79-111.score: 30.0
    In this article, I examine Adam Smith's theory of the ways individuals in society bridge social and biological difference. In doing so, I emphasize the divisive effects of gender, race, and class to see if Smith's account of social unity can overcome such fractious forces. My discussion uses the metaphor of “proximity” to mean both physical and psychological distance between moral actors and spectators. I suggest that education – both formal and informal in means – can assist moral judgment by (...)
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  28. Jack Weinstein, Adam Smith. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    entry for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy at http://www.iep.utm.edu/s/smith.htm.
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  29. Jack Weinstein (2004). Neutrality, Pluralism, and Education: Civic Education as Learning About the Other. Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (4):235-263.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this article is to investigate appropriate methods for educating students into citizenship within a pluralistic state and to explain why civic education is itself important. In this discussion, I will offer suggestions as to how students might be best prepared for their future political roles as participants in a democracy, and how we, as theorists, ought to structure institutions and curricula in order to ensure that students are adequately trained for political decision making. The paper is divided (...)
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  30. Steven Weinstein (1996). Strange Couplings and Space-Time Structure. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):70.score: 30.0
    General relativity is commonly thought to imply the existence of a unique metric structure for space-time. A simple example is presented of a general relativistic theory with ambiguous metric structure. Brans-Dicke theory is then presented as a further example of a space-time theory in which the metric structure is ambiguous. Other examples of theories with ambiguous metrical structure are mentioned. Finally, it is suggested that several new and interesting philosophical questions arise from the sorts of theories discussed.
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  31. Steven Weinstein (1996). Undermind. Synthese 106 (2):241 - 251.score: 30.0
    David Albert and Barry Loewer have proposed a new interpretation of quantum mechanics which they call the Many Minds interpretation, according to which there are infinitely many minds associated with a given (physical) state of a brain. This interpretation is related to the family of many worlds interpretations insofar as it assumes strictly unitary (Schrödinger) time-evolution of quantum-mechanical systems (no reduction of the wave-packet). The Many Minds interpretation itself is principally motivated by an argument which purports to show that the (...)
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  32. Jack Weinstein, Aliens,Traitors, and Elitists: University Values and the Faculty.score: 30.0
    My intent in this discussion is to offer a glimpse into our popular and political culture and to unpack some of the values inherent in our university system. Educational institutions evolve because of changes in our cultural relationship to knowledge. Only by understanding this relationship can we respond coherently to criticism aimed at the university and its population.
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  33. Daniel N. Osherson & Scott Weinstein (1989). Paradigms of Truth Detection. Journal of Philosophical Logic 18 (1):1 - 42.score: 30.0
    Alternative models of idealized scientific inquiry are investigated and compared. Particular attention is devoted to paradigms in which a scientist is required to determine the truth of a given sentence in the structure giving rise to his data.
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  34. Steven Weinstein (2008). The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity, D. Rickles, S. French, J. Saatsi (Eds.). Clarendon Press, Oxford (2006), 288 Pp., ISBN-13 978-0-19-926969-3, Hardback, $99.00. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):88-89.score: 30.0
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  35. Mark Weinstein (1991). Critical Thinking and Education for Democracy. Educational Philosophy and Theory 23 (2):9–29.score: 30.0
  36. Scott Weinstein (1983). The Intended Interpretation of Intuitionistic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 12 (2):261 - 270.score: 30.0
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  37. Daniel N. Osherson & Scott Weinstein (1990). On Advancing Simple Hypotheses. Philosophy of Science 57 (2):266-277.score: 30.0
    We consider drawbacks to scientific methods that prefer simple hypotheses to complex ones that cover the same data. The discussion proceeds in the context of a precise model of scientific inquiry.
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  38. Jack Weinstein, Obituary for John Rawls.score: 30.0
    John Rawls, the Harvard Professor, died rights open to any and all challenges, even stupid last month. He was, without question, the most ones. important political philosopher of the Twentieth What does a country do when faced century. It is a terrible time to lose him because with a person, group, or nation that claims that America, and the world, is faced with dire such rights are not obvious but dubious? What questions of justice, rights, and political stability. do we (...)
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  39. Daniel N. Osherson, Michael Stob & Scott Weinstein (1988). Mechanical Learners Pay a Price for Bayesianism. Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1245-1251.score: 30.0
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  40. Deena Weinstein & Michael A. Weinstein (1978). An Existential Approach to Society: Active Transcendence. [REVIEW] Human Studies 1 (1):38 - 47.score: 30.0
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  41. Michael A. Weinstein (1992). Photographic Realism as a Moral Practice. Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (2):175-188.score: 30.0
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  42. Daniel N. Osherson, Michael Stob & Scott Weinstein (1991). A Universal Inductive Inference Machine. Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (2):661-672.score: 30.0
    A paradigm of scientific discovery is defined within a first-order logical framework. It is shown that within this paradigm there exists a formal scientist that is Turing computable and universal in the sense that it solves every problem that any scientist can solve. It is also shown that universal scientists exist for no regular logics that extend first-order logic and satisfy the Löwenheim-Skolem condition.
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  43. Daniel Osherson & Scott Weinstein (1986). Identification in the Limit of First Order Structures. Journal of Philosophical Logic 15 (1):55 - 81.score: 30.0
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  44. D. N. Osherson, M. Stob & S. Weinstein (1987). Social Learning and Collective Choice. Synthese 70 (3):319 - 347.score: 30.0
    To be pertinent to democratic practice, collective choice functions need not apply to all possible constellations of individual preference, but only to those that are humanly possible in an appropriate sense. The present paper develops a theory of humanly possible preference within the context of the mathematical theory of learning. The theory of preference is then exploited in an attempt to resolve Arrow's voting paradox through restriction of the domain of majoritarian choice functions.
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  45. Jack Weinstein, Adam Smith's Marketplace of Life, by James R. Otteson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 352. H/B £50.00, $70.00, P/B £19.95, $26.00. [REVIEW]score: 30.0
    James Otteson’s Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life is the latest instalment in a wave of new scholarship signalling a renewed interest in Adam Smith. These works share several characteristics. First, they present Smith as a philosopher and not an economist. Second, they take seriously The Theory of Moral Senti- ments (TMS), Smith’s first book, by suggesting that his moral theory holds..
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  46. Steven Weinstein, Naive Quantum Gravity.score: 30.0
    In this paper we consider a naive conception of what a quantum theory of gravity might entail: a quantum-mechanically fluctuating gravitational field at each spacetime point. We argue that this idea is problematic both conceptually and technically.
     
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  47. Deena Weinstein & Michael A. Weinstein (1982). On the Possibility of Society: Classical Sociological Thought. [REVIEW] Human Studies 5 (1):1 - 12.score: 30.0
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