Search results for 'Frederick S. Ellett Jr' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1986). Correlation, Partial Correlation, and Causation. Synthese 67 (2):157 - 173.score: 532.5
    Philosophers and scientists have maintained that causation, correlation, and "partial correlation" are essentially related. These views give rise to various rules of causal inference. This essay considers the "claims of several philosophers and social scientists for causal systems with dichotomous variables. In section 2 important commonalities and differences are explicated among four major conceptions of correlation. In section 3 it is argued that whether correlation can serve as a measure of A's causal influence on B depends upon the conception of (...)
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  2. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1986). An Analysis of Probabilistic Causation in Dichotomous Structures. Synthese 67 (2):175 - 193.score: 502.5
    During the past decades several philosophers of science and social scientists have been interested in the problems of causation. Recently attention has been given to probabilistic causation in dichotomous causal systems. The paper uses the basic features of probabilistic causation to argue that the causal modeling approaches developed by such researchers as Blalock (1964) and Duncan (1975) can provide, when an additional assumption is added, adequate qualitative measures of one variableś causal influence upon another. Finally, some of the difficulties and (...)
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  3. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1983). The Logic of Causal Methods in Social Science. Synthese 57 (1):67 - 82.score: 502.5
    Two kinds of causal inference rules which are widely used by social scientists are investigated. Two conceptions of causation also widely used are explicated -- the INUS and probabilistic conceptions of causation. It is shown that the causal inference rules which link correlation, a kind of partial correlation, and a conception of causation are invalid. It is concluded a new methodology is required for causal inference.
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  4. Edgar C. Boedeker Jr (2001). Individual and Community in Early Heidegger: Situating Das Man, the Man-Self, and Self-Ownership in Dasein's Ontological Structure. Inquiry 44 (1):63 – 99.score: 240.0
    In Sein und Zeit, Heidegger claims that (1) das Man is an 'existential' i.e. a necessary feature of Dasein's Being; and (2) Dasein need not always exist in the mode of the Man-self, but can also be eigentlich, which I translate as 'self-owningly'. These apparently contradictory statements have prompted a debate between Hubert Dreyfus, who recommends abandoning (2), and Frederick Olafson, who favors jettisoning (1). I offer an interpretation of the structure of Dasein's Being compatible with both (1) and (...)
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  5. Michael Anthony Istvan Jr (2011). Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson's Basic Argument. Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399 - 420.score: 150.0
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson's Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  6. Richard G. Heck Jr (1997). Finitude and Hume's Principle. Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (6):589 - 617.score: 150.0
    The paper formulates and proves a strengthening of 'Frege's Theorem', which states that axioms for second-order arithmetic are derivable in second-order logic from Hume's Principle, which itself says that the number of Fs is the same as the number of Gs just in case the Fs and Gs are equinumerous. The improvement consists in restricting this claim to finite concepts, so that nothing is claimed about the circumstances under which infinite concepts have the same number. 'Finite Hume's Principle' also suffices (...)
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  7. John Wingard Jr (2010). Reliability in Plantinga´s Account of Epistemic Warrant. Principia 6 (2):249-278.score: 150.0
    In das paper 1 ccmstder the rehabday condaton in Atm PlanungaS's proper functionabst account of eptstemtc warrant I begm by reviewing m some detail the features of the rehabdity condition as Planunga lias aruculated a From there, 1 consider what is needed to ground or secure the sort of rehability whzch Plantinga has m mind, and argue that what is needed is a significant causai condam which has generally been overlooked Then, after identifying eight verstons of the relevant sort of (...)
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  8. Mylan Engel Jr (2004). What's Wrong with Contextualism, and a Noncontextualist Resolution of the Skeptical Paradox. Erkenntnis 61 (2/3):203 - 231.score: 150.0
    Skeptics try to persuade us of our ignorance with arguments like the following: 1. I don't know that I am not a handless brain-in-a-vat [BIV]. 2. If I don't know that I am not a handless BIV, then I don't know that I have hands. Therefore, 3. I don't know that I have hands. The BIV argument is valid, its premises are intuitively compelling, and yet, its conclusion strikes us as a absurd. Something has to go, but what? Contextualists contend (...)
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  9. Niels C. Nielsen Jr (1952). Przywara's Philosophy of the "Analogia Entis". Review of Metaphysics 5 (4):599 - 620.score: 120.0
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  10. Daniel M. Bell Jr (2007). Badiou's Faith and Paul's Gospel. Angelaki 12 (1):97 – 111.score: 120.0
  11. Eugene V. Torisky Jr (2000). Dalton Trumbo's Johnny Got His Gun. Teaching Philosophy 23 (3):255-268.score: 120.0
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  12. Henry E. Kyburg Jr (1965). Salmon's Paper. Philosophy of Science 32 (2):147 - 151.score: 120.0
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  13. John Knox Jr (1975). A. C. Ewing: A Critical Survey of Ewing's Recent Work. Religious Studies 11 (2):229 - 255.score: 120.0
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  14. Henry E. Kyburg Jr (1965). Comments on Salmon's "Inductive Evidence". American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):274 - 276.score: 120.0
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  15. Nuel D. Belnap Jr (1972). S-P Interrogatives. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):331 - 346.score: 120.0
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  16. Rulon Wells, Richard Brandt, Henry W. Johnstone Jr, Manley Thompson & Gustav Bergmann (1952). Comments on Mr. Raab's Theses. Review of Metaphysics 6 (1):124 - 129.score: 120.0
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  17. Nuel D. Belnap Jr (1982). Gupta's Rule of Revision Theory of Truth. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (1):103 - 116.score: 120.0
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  18. James L. Werth Jr (1999). When is a Mental Health Professional Competent to Assess a Person's Decision to Hasten Death? Ethics and Behavior 9 (2):141 – 157.score: 120.0
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  19. D. S. Clarke Jr (1972). A Defence of the No-Ownership Theory. Mind 81 (321):97 - 101.score: 120.0
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  20. John Jay Osborn Jr (1995). : Kill All the Lawyers?: Shakespeare's Legal Appeal . Daniel J. Kornstein. Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 7 (1):73-77.score: 120.0
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  21. Thomas E. Hill Jr (1989). Kant's Theory of Practical Reason. The Monist 72 (3):363 - 383.score: 120.0
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  22. Ivan W. Kelly (2011). Critical Thinking Education and Assessment: Can Higher Order Thinking Be Tested? Edited by Jan Sobocan and Leo Groarke (with Ralph H. Johnson and Frederick S. Ellet Jr.) Alymer, ON: Althouse, 2009, Xv + 355 Pp., $42.95 (Paperback). [REVIEW] Dialogue 50 (1):227-229.score: 87.8
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  23. Russell M. Dancy (1966). Frederick J. E. Woodbridge, Aristotle's Vision of Nature. Edited with an Introduction by John Hermann Randall Jr., with the Assistance of Charles H. Kahn and Harold A. Larrabee. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1965. [REVIEW] Dialogue 5 (02):272-276.score: 81.0
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  24. Richard J. Blackwell (1966). "Aristotle's Vision of Nature," by Frederick J. E . Woodbridge, Ed. With Introd. By John Herman Randall, Jr. The Modern Schoolman 43 (3):298-299.score: 81.0
  25. Osvaldo Pessoa Jr (1997). Can the Decoherence Approach Help to Solve the Measurement Problem? Synthese 113 (3):323 - 346.score: 60.0
    This work examines whether the environmentally-induced decoherence approach in quantum mechanics brings us any closer to solving the measurement problem, and whether it contributes to the elimination of subjectivism in quantum theory. A distinction is made between 'collapse' and 'decoherence', so that an explanation for decoherence does not imply an explanation for collapse. After an overview of the measurement problem and of the open-systems paradigm, we argue that taking a partial trace is equivalent to applying the projection postulate. A criticism (...)
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  26. Henry E. Kyburg Jr (1992). Getting Fancy with Probability. Synthese 90 (2):189 - 203.score: 60.0
    There are a number of reasons for being interested in uncertainty, and there are also a number of uncertainty formalisms. These formalisms are not unrelated. It is argued that they can all be reflected as special cases of the approach of taking probabilities to be determined by sets of probability functions defined on an algebra of statements. Thus, interval probabilities should be construed as maximum and minimum probabilities within a set of distributions, Glenn Shafer's belief functions should be construed as (...)
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  27. Edward P. Stabler Jr (1987). Kripke on Functionalism and Automata. Synthese 70 (1):1 - 22.score: 60.0
    Saul Kripke has proposed an argument to show that there is a serious problem with many computational accounts of physical systems and with functionalist theories in the philosophy of mind. The problem with computational accounts is roughly that they provide no noncircular way to maintain that any particular function with an infinite domain is realized by any physical system, and functionalism has the similar problem because of the character of the functional systems that are supposed to be realized by organisms. (...)
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  28. Richard G. Heck Jr (2011). Ramified Frege Arithmetic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (6):715 - 735.score: 60.0
    Øystein Linnebo has recently shown that the existence of successors cannot be proven in predicative Frege arithmetic, using Frege's definitions of arithmetical notions. By contrast, it is shown here that the existence of successor can be proven in ramified predicative Frege arithmetic.
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  29. John B. Cobb Jr (2008). Memory in a Whiteheadian Perspective. World Futures 64 (2):116 – 124.score: 60.0
    Whitehead does not provide us with a systematic account of the various types of experience to which the word “memory” is applied. Nevertheless, he does provide us with a way of understanding the world, and living creatures who inhabit it, that places the discussion in a different context from the usual one: the diverse features of human experience that we call memory are developed forms of basic patterns of relationship that characterize all actual entities. I will first review the relevant (...)
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  30. Hélio Rebello Cardoso Jr (2012). Ontopolítica e diagramas históricos do poder: maioria e minoria segundo Deleuze e a Teoria das Multidões segundo Peirce. Veritas 57 (1).score: 60.0
    Este artigo procura desenvolver o âmbito da assim chamada ontopolítica como contribuição original do pensamento do G. Deleuze para a filosofia política contemporânea. Com este objetivo, veremos que Deleuze toma o conceito de poder em Foucault e lhe confere alçada ontológica. Este conceito de poder dá acesso a outro elemento importante da filosofia política deleuzeana, ou seja, o estudo dos diagramas históricos do poder nas denominadas sociedades disciplinar e de controle. Com o diagrama de funcionamento das mesmas podemos entender qual (...)
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  31. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1985). Causal Laws and Laws of Association. Noûs 19 (4):537 - 549.score: 49.5
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  32. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Erickson (2010). Motivation and Learning. In Richard Bailey (ed.), The Sage Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Sage Publication.score: 49.5
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  33. Ø Grøn (1981). Special-Relativistic Resolution of Ehrenfest's Paradox: Comments on Some Recent Statements by T. E. Phipps, Jr. Foundations of Physics 11 (7-8):623-631.score: 48.0
    It is shown how a consistent kinematic resolution of Ehrenfest's paradox may be given in accordance with the special theory of relativity. Some statements by T. E. Phipps, Jr., connected with these matters, are commented upon. Problems connected with the relation between stress and strain are solved by a manifestly covariant formulation of Hooke's law.
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  34. Charles Muller, Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr.score: 48.0
    This is a review of the book Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wŏnhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamādhi-Sūtra , by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., published by the Univeristy of Hawaii Press (2008). This volume, the first to be published in the Collected Works of Wŏnhyo series, contains the translation of a single text by Wŏnhyo, the Kŭmgang Sammaegyŏng Non.
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  35. Susan Martinelli-Fernandez (2005). George R. Lucas, Jr. & W. Rick Rubel's (Eds) Ethics and the Military Profession: The Moral Foundations of Leadership and Case Studies in Military Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Military Ethics 4 (3):214-219.score: 48.0
    (2005). George R. Lucas, Jr. & W. Rick Rubel's (Eds) Ethics and the Military Profession: The Moral Foundations of Leadership and Case Studies in Military Ethics. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 214-219. doi: 10.1080/15027570500197453.
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  36. Christine Overall (1989). Review: The Politics of Communities: A Review of H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.'S "The Foundations of Bioethics". [REVIEW] Hypatia 4 (2):179 - 185.score: 48.0
    This review essay examines H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.'s The Foundations of Bioethics, a contemporary nonfeminist text in mainstream biomedical ethics. It focuses upon a central concept, Engelhardt's idea of the moral community and argues that the most serious problem in the book is its failure to take account of the political and social structures of moral communities, structures which deeply affect issues in biomedical ethics.
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  37. Jean Goodwin (2001). Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Still-Unacknowledged Contributions to Contemporary Argumentation Theory. Informal Logic 21 (1).score: 45.0
    Given the pragmatic tum recently taken by argumentation studies, we owe renewed attention to Henry Johnstone's views on the primacy of process over product. In particular, Johnstone's decidedly non-cooperative model is a refreshing alternative to the current dialogic theories of arguing, one which opens the way for specifically rhetorical lines of inquiry.
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  38. James Crosswhite (2001). Con Amore: Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Philosophy of Argumentation. Informal Logic 21 (1).score: 45.0
    Henry Johnstone's philosophical development was guided by a persistent need to reform the concept of validity -either by reinterpreting it or by finding a substitute for it. This project lead Johnstone into interesting confrontations with the concept of rhetoric and especiaUy with the work of Chaim Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca. The project culminated in a failed attempt to develop a formal ethics of rhetoric and argumentation, but this attempt was itself not consistent with some of Johnstone's other characterizations ofan ethics of (...)
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  39. Gerald Dworkin (1987). Book Review:Nuclear Ethics. Joseph S. Nye, Jr. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (4):876-.score: 40.5
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  40. Keith McGary (1953). Book Review:How to Develop Your Thinking Ability Kenneth S. Keyes, Jr. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 20 (2):164-.score: 40.5
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  41. Michael H. Robins (1987). Book Review:Practical Inferences. D. S. Clarke, Jr. [REVIEW] Ethics 98 (1):178-.score: 40.5
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  42. Mark B. Brown (2008). Review of Roger S. Pielke, Jr., The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (4):485-489.score: 40.5
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  43. Alan H. Sommerstein (1991). A Study of Ecclesiazusae Kenneth S. Rothwell Jr.: Politics and Persuasion in Aristophanes' Ecclesiazusae. (Mnemosyne Suppl. 111.) Pp. Xii + 118. Leiden, New York, Copenhagen and Cologne: Brill, 1990. Paper, Fl. 55. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (01):22-23.score: 40.5
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  44. Islwyn Blythin (1983). David R. Kinsley. Hinduism: A Cultural Perspective. Pp. Xi, 164. (Prentice-Hall Series in World Religions: Robert S. Ellwood, Jr, Ed., 1982.),£5.95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 19 (1):123.score: 40.5
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  45. Erik J. Hammerstrom (2010). Book Review: Buddhism & Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, by Donald S. Lopez, Jr. University of Chicago Press, 2008. 278 Pp., Hb. $25.00/£ 17.50, ISBN-13: 780226493121; Pb. [REVIEW] Buddhist-Christian Studies 27:249-251.score: 40.5
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  46. Etienne Lamotte (1990). Reviews the bookBuddhist Hermeneutics,'Edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr. Philosophy East and West 40 (2):258-262.score: 40.5
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  47. David R. Loy (1999). Elaborations on Emptiness: Uses of the Heart Sutra, by Donald S. Lopez, Jr. Philosophy East and West 49:520-524.score: 40.5
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  48. N. Marres (2008). Book in Review: In a Shade of Blue: Pragmatism and the Politics of Black America, by Eddie S. Glaude Jr. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. 189 Pp. $25.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Political Theory 36 (2):339-342.score: 40.5
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  49. B. Moore-Gilbert (2000). Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism Under Colonialism. Edited by Donald S. Lopez, Jr. The European Legacy 5 (1):125-125.score: 40.5
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  50. Geoffrey Samuel (2013). The Tibetan Book of the Dead: A Biography. By Donald S. Lopez, Jr. The European Legacy 18 (1):113-114.score: 40.5
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