Search results for 'Frederick S. Ellett Jr' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1986). Correlation, Partial Correlation, and Causation. Synthese 67 (2):157 - 173.
    Philosophers and scientists have maintained that causation, correlation, and "partial correlation" are essentially related. These views give rise to various rules of causal inference. This essay considers the "claims of several philosophers and social scientists for causal systems with dichotomous variables. In section 2 important commonalities and differences are explicated among four major conceptions of correlation. In section 3 it is argued that whether correlation can serve as a measure of A's causal influence on B depends upon the conception of (...)
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  2.  4
    Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1986). An Analysis of Probabilistic Causation in Dichotomous Structures. Synthese 67 (2):175 - 193.
    During the past decades several philosophers of science and social scientists have been interested in the problems of causation. Recently attention has been given to probabilistic causation in dichotomous causal systems. The paper uses the basic features of probabilistic causation to argue that the causal modeling approaches developed by such researchers as Blalock (1964) and Duncan (1975) can provide, when an additional assumption is added, adequate qualitative measures of one variableś causal influence upon another. Finally, some of the difficulties and (...)
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  3.  2
    Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1983). The Logic of Causal Methods in Social Science. Synthese 57 (1):67 - 82.
    Two kinds of causal inference rules which are widely used by social scientists are investigated. Two conceptions of causation also widely used are explicated -- the INUS and probabilistic conceptions of causation. It is shown that the causal inference rules which link correlation, a kind of partial correlation, and a conception of causation are invalid. It is concluded a new methodology is required for causal inference.
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  4.  16
    Edgar C. Boedeker Jr (2001). Individual and Community in Early Heidegger: Situating Das Man, the Man-Self, and Self-Ownership in Dasein's Ontological Structure. Inquiry 44 (1):63 – 99.
    In Sein und Zeit, Heidegger claims that (1) das Man is an 'existential' i.e. a necessary feature of Dasein's Being; and (2) Dasein need not always exist in the mode of the Man-self, but can also be eigentlich, which I translate as 'self-owningly'. These apparently contradictory statements have prompted a debate between Hubert Dreyfus, who recommends abandoning (2), and Frederick Olafson, who favors jettisoning (1). I offer an interpretation of the structure of Dasein's Being compatible with both (1) and (...)
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  5.  15
    Danny Frederick, A Regimented and Concise Exposition of Karl Popper’s Critical Rationalist Epistemology.
  6.  69
    Danny Frederick, Adversus Homo Economicus: Critique of Lester’s Account of Instrumental Rationality.
    In Chapter 2 of Escape from Leviathan, Jan Lester defends two hypotheses: that instrumental rationality requires agents to maximise the satisfaction of their wants and that all agents actually meet this requirement. In addition, he argues that all agents are self-interested (though not necessarily egoistic) and he offers an account of categorical moral desires which entails that no agent ever does what he genuinely feels to be morally wrong. I show that Lester’s two hypotheses are false because they cannot accommodate (...)
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  7.  14
    Danny Frederick (2014). Review Essay: Mark D. Friedman, 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project: An Elaboration and Defense'. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 36 (1):132-42.
    Review of Mark Friedman's book 'Nozick’s Libertarian Project,' which is a defence of Robert Nozick's 'Anarchy, State, and Utopia.'.
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  8.  12
    Danny Frederick, Haack's Defective Discussion of Popper and the Courts.
    Susan Haack criticises the US courts' use of Karl Popper's epistemology in discriminating acceptable scientific testimony. She claims that acceptable testimony should be reliable and that Popper's epistemology is useless in discriminating reliability. She says that Popper's views have been found acceptable only because they have been misunderstood and she indicates an alternative epistemology which she says can discriminate reliable theories. However, her account of Popper's views is a gross and gratuitous misrepresentation. Her alternative epistemology cannot do what she claims (...)
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  9.  20
    Danny Frederick (2013). Hoppe’s Derivation of Self-Ownership From Argumentation: Analysis and Critique. Reason Papers 35 (1):92-106.
    Hans-Hermann Hoppe contends that the fact that a person has the capacity to argue entails that she has the moral right of exclusive control over her own body. Critics of Hoppe’s argument do not appear to have pinpointed its flaws. I expose the logical structure of Hoppe’s argument, distinguishing its pragmatic-contradiction and its mutual-recognition components. I provide three counterexamples to show that Hoppe’s mutual-recognition argument is invalid and I argue that the truth that appears to motivate the argument is simply (...)
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  10.  17
    Danny Frederick, Flaws in Dummett’s Syntactical Account of Singular Terms.
    Dummett defines a ‘predicate’ as that which combines with one or more singular terms to form a sentence. His account of ‘singular term’ is syntactical, involving three necessary conditions. He discusses a fourth, ‘Aristotelian’, criterion before propounding a criterion of predicate quantification which he claims to be superior to it. He tentatively proposes that the three necessary conditions plus the criterion of predicate quantification yield sufficient conditions for being a singular term. I show that Dummett’s necessary conditions fail with regard (...)
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  11.  13
    John Wingard Jr (2010). Reliability in Plantinga´s Account of Epistemic Warrant. Principia 6 (2):249-278.
    In das paper 1 ccmstder the rehabday condaton in Atm PlanungaS's proper functionabst account of eptstemtc warrant I begm by reviewing m some detail the features of the rehabdity condition as Planunga lias aruculated a From there, 1 consider what is needed to ground or secure the sort of rehability whzch Plantinga has m mind, and argue that what is needed is a significant causai condam which has generally been overlooked Then, after identifying eight verstons of the relevant sort of (...)
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  12.  12
    Michael Anthony Istvan Jr (2011). Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson's Basic Argument. Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399 - 420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson's Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  13.  17
    Eugene V. Torisky Jr (2000). Dalton Trumbo's Johnny Got His Gun. Teaching Philosophy 23 (3):255-268.
    Rarely do Introduction to Philosophy textbooks connect, in any thoroughgoing way, the study of philosophy with examples from literature. While contemporary analytic thinkers often tie literary works to philosophical themes and some serious philosophers have written works of literature, these two ways of linking literature to philosophy face significant pedagogical disadvantages. Another tack is to choose a literary work written by a novelist that has implications for philosophical subjects. This paper describes just such a strategy, namely by supplementing traditional materials (...)
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  14.  16
    Richard G. Heck Jr (1997). Finitude and Hume's Principle. Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (6):589 - 617.
    The paper formulates and proves a strengthening of 'Frege's Theorem', which states that axioms for second-order arithmetic are derivable in second-order logic from Hume's Principle, which itself says that the number of Fs is the same as the number of Gs just in case the Fs and Gs are equinumerous. The improvement consists in restricting this claim to finite concepts, so that nothing is claimed about the circumstances under which infinite concepts have the same number. 'Finite Hume's Principle' also suffices (...)
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  15.  10
    Mylan Engel Jr (2004). What's Wrong with Contextualism, and a Noncontextualist Resolution of the Skeptical Paradox. Erkenntnis 61 (2/3):203 - 231.
    Skeptics try to persuade us of our ignorance with arguments like the following: 1. I don't know that I am not a handless brain-in-a-vat [BIV]. 2. If I don't know that I am not a handless BIV, then I don't know that I have hands. Therefore, 3. I don't know that I have hands. The BIV argument is valid, its premises are intuitively compelling, and yet, its conclusion strikes us as a absurd. Something has to go, but what? Contextualists contend (...)
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  16.  5
    Richard J. Blackwell (1966). "Aristotle's Vision of Nature," by Frederick J. E . Woodbridge, Ed. With Introd. By John Herman Randall, Jr. Modern Schoolman 43 (3):298-299.
  17.  6
    Russell M. Dancy (1966). Frederick J. E. Woodbridge, Aristotle's Vision of Nature. Edited with an Introduction by John Hermann Randall Jr., with the Assistance of Charles H. Kahn and Harold A. Larrabee. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1965. [REVIEW] Dialogue 5 (2):272-276.
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  18.  31
    Danny Frederick (2015). A Critique of Michael Huemer’s 'The Problem of Political Authority'. Reason Papers 37 (2):178-97.
    How could a state have the moral authority to promulgate and enforce laws that citizens are thereby obliged to obey? That is the problem of political authority. The Consequentialist Explanation of Political Authority contends that great social benefits depend upon there being a state with political authority. In his book, The Problem of Political Authority, Michael Huemer considers different types of explanation of political authority and he rejects them all. I show that the objections he raises to consequentialist accounts (...)
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  19.  62
    Danny Frederick (2013). A Critique of Lester's Account of Liberty. Libertarian Papers 5 (1):45-66.
    In Escape from Leviathan, Jan Lester sets out a conception of liberty as absence of imposed cost which, he says, advances no moral claim and does not premise an assignm..
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  20.  12
    Thomas E. Hill Jr (1989). Kant's Theory of Practical Reason. The Monist 72 (3):363 - 383.
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  21.  4
    John Jay Osborn Jr (1995). : Kill All the Lawyers?: Shakespeare's Legal Appeal. Daniel J. Kornstein. Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 7 (1):73-77.
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  22.  7
    Niels C. Nielsen Jr (1952). Przywara's Philosophy of the "Analogia Entis". Review of Metaphysics 5 (4):599 - 620.
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  23.  5
    Henry E. Kyburg Jr (1965). Salmon's Paper. Philosophy of Science 32 (2):147 - 151.
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  24.  4
    Nuel D. Belnap Jr (1982). Gupta's Rule of Revision Theory of Truth. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (1):103 - 116.
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  25.  4
    Rulon Wells, Richard Brandt, Henry W. Johnstone Jr, Manley Thompson & Gustav Bergmann (1952). Comments on Mr. Raab's Theses. Review of Metaphysics 6 (1):124 - 129.
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  26.  4
    Nuel D. Belnap Jr (1972). S-P Interrogatives. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):331 - 346.
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  27.  4
    Henry E. Kyburg Jr (1965). Comments on Salmon's "Inductive Evidence". American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):274 - 276.
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  28.  3
    John Knox Jr (1975). A. C. Ewing: A Critical Survey of Ewing's Recent Work. Religious Studies 11 (2):229 - 255.
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  29.  4
    Daniel M. Bell Jr (2007). Badiou's Faith and Paul's Gospel. Angelaki 12 (1):97 – 111.
  30.  3
    James L. Werth Jr (1999). When is a Mental Health Professional Competent to Assess a Person's Decision to Hasten Death? Ethics and Behavior 9 (2):141 – 157.
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  31. Robert E. Frederick (1999). Editor's Note. Business and Society Review 104 (1):1-4.
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  32. Zaman Iii & L. Frederick (2002). Nature's Psychogenic Forces: Localized Quantum Consciousness. Journal of Mind and Behavior 23 (4):351-374.
  33. George W. Carey, James W. Ceaser, Michael A. Gillespie, John Gueguen Jr, Manfred Henningsen, Theodore J. Lowi, John Marini, Edward B. McLean, Larry Peterman, David Ricci, Steven B. Smith & E. Robert Statham Jr (eds.) (2002). Public Philosophy and Political Science: Crisis and Reflection. Lexington Books.
    The crisis of western civilization is a crisis of public philosophy. This is the charge of Public Philosophy and Political Science, a stunning new collection of essays edited by E. Robert Statham Jr. Vividly cataloging the decay of the moral and intellectual foundations of civic liberty, the book portrays a generation of Americans alienated from institutions built on public philosophy. The work exposes the failure of America's political scientists to acknowledge and understand this alarming crisis in the American body politic. (...)
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  34.  31
    Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Ericson (1985). Causal Laws and Laws of Association. Noûs 19 (4):537 - 549.
    In her paper entitled "Causal Laws and Effective Strategies" (1979), Cartwright sets out to establish the connection between laws of association and causal laws. In part Cartwright is trying to show the sense in which a cause increases the probability of its effect, and to explain what causal laws assert by giving an account of how causal laws are related to certain kinds of statistical laws. In section II we explicate the essential features of Cartwright's for- mulation and in section (...)
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  35. Frederick S. Ellett Jr & David P. Erickson (2010). Motivation and Learning. In Richard Bailey (ed.), The Sage Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Sage Publication
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  36.  7
    Sandra A. Waddock (2004). A Developmental and Systemic Perspective on Frederick's “The Evolutionary Firm and Its Moral (Dis)Contents”. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:189-199.
    These comments on Frederick’s “The Evolutionary Firm and Its Moral (Dis)Contents” focus on two dominant themes to provide a more optimistic perspective on Frederick’s conclusions. First is the need to take a systemic orientation at the societal and ecological levels to gain a perspective on ecologizing rather than economizing. Second, is the need to take a developmental perspective, on the assumption that evolution is still occurring, and that what may be needed to get humankind to the systemic/ecologizing orientation (...)
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  37.  21
    John R. Danley (2000). Philosophy, Science and Business Ethics: Frederick's New Normative Synthesis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2):111 - 122.
    After examining Frederick's charge in his recently published Values, Nature, and Culture in the American Corporation that philosophers and others in the field of business ethics and business and society ignore nature and technology, the paper investigates Frederick's attempt to articulate and defend a New Normative Synthesis (NNS). Since the NNS is the result of a synthesis between Frederick's theory of business values and the body of principles in business ethics, I focus on the nature of each (...)
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  38. Kenneth R. Westphal (1997). Frederick L. Will’s Pragmatic Realism: An Introduction’. In K. R. Westphal (ed.), Frederick L. Will, Pragmatism and Realism. Rowman & Littlefield
    This critical editorial introduction summarizes and explicates Frederick Will’s pragmatic realism and his account of the nature, assessment, and revision of cognitive and practical norms in connection with: the development of Will’s pragmatic realism, Hume’s problem of induction, the oscillations between foundationalism and coherentism, the nature of philosophical reflection, Kant’s ‘Refutation of Idealism’, the open texture of empirical concepts, the correspondence conception of truth, Putnam’s ‘internal realism’, the redundancy theory of truth, sociology of knowledge, the governance of practice by (...)
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  39.  64
    Charles Muller, Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr.
    This is a review of the book Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wŏnhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamādhi-Sūtra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., published by the Univeristy of Hawaii Press. This volume, the first to be published in the Collected Works of Wŏnhyo series, contains the translation of a single text by Wŏnhyo, the Kŭmgang Sammaegyŏng Non.
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  40.  19
    Ø Grøn (1981). Special-Relativistic Resolution of Ehrenfest's Paradox: Comments on Some Recent Statements by T. E. Phipps, Jr. Foundations of Physics 11 (7-8):623-631.
    It is shown how a consistent kinematic resolution of Ehrenfest's paradox may be given in accordance with the special theory of relativity. Some statements by T. E. Phipps, Jr., connected with these matters, are commented upon. Problems connected with the relation between stress and strain are solved by a manifestly covariant formulation of Hooke's law.
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  41.  8
    Christine Overall (1989). Review: The Politics of Communities: A Review of H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.'S "The Foundations of Bioethics". [REVIEW] Hypatia 4 (2):179-185.
    This review essay examines H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.'s The Foundations of Bioethics, a contemporary nonfeminist text in mainstream biomedical ethics. It focuses upon a central concept, Engelhardt 's idea of the moral community and argues that the most serious problem in the book is its failure to take account of the political and social structures of moral communities, structures which deeply affect issues in biomedical ethics.
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  42.  14
    Susan Martinelli-Fernandez (2005). George R. Lucas, Jr. & W. Rick Rubel's (Eds) Ethics and the Military Profession: The Moral Foundations of Leadership and Case Studies in Military Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Military Ethics 4 (3):214-219.
    (2005). George R. Lucas, Jr. & W. Rick Rubel's (Eds) Ethics and the Military Profession: The Moral Foundations of Leadership and Case Studies in Military Ethics. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 214-219. doi: 10.1080/15027570500197453.
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  43.  15
    George Yancy (2002). The Existential Dimensions of Frederick Douglass's Autobiographical Narrative: A Beauvoirian Examination. Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (3):297-320.
    Frederick Douglass's socio-political narrative is explored through an existential lens, arguing that Douglass is contesting the proposition that essence precedes existence. Douglass, through his fight with Covey, a white 'slave breaker', and his escape to freedom, affirms his ex-istence (etymologically, 'standing out') as being for it-self (pour-soi) over and against the reduction of his existence to that of being in-itself (an-soi). Drawing from the work of Simone de Beauvoir, who was greatly influenced by the phenomenological and politico-praxic work of (...)
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  44.  4
    Leesa S. Davis (2015). Review of The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Edited by Robert E. Buswell Jr and Donald S. Lopez Jr. [REVIEW] Sophia 54 (2):239-241.
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  45. S. Körner (1961). COPLESTON, FREDERICK, S.J.-"A History of Philosophy", Vol. 6. [REVIEW] Philosophy 36:382.
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  46.  39
    Bernard R. Boxill (2009). Frederick Douglass's Patriotism. Journal of Ethics 13 (4):301 - 317.
    Although Frederick Douglass disclaimed any patriotism or love of the United States in the years when he considered its constitution to be pro-slavery, I argue that he was in fact always a patriot and always a lover of his country. This conclusion leads me to argue further that patriotism is not as expressly political as many philosophers suppose. Patriots love their country despite its politics and often unreasonably, although in loving their country they are concerned with its politics. The (...)
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  47.  8
    James Crosswhite (2001). Con Amore: Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Philosophy of Argumentation. Informal Logic 21 (1).
    Henry Johnstone's philosophical development was guided by a persistent need to reform the concept of validity -either by reinterpreting it or by finding a substitute for it. This project lead Johnstone into interesting confrontations with the concept of rhetoric and especiaUy with the work of Chaim Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca. The project culminated in a failed attempt to develop a formal ethics of rhetoric and argumentation, but this attempt was itself not consistent with some of Johnstone's other characterizations ofan ethics of (...)
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  48.  6
    Jean Goodwin (2001). Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Still-Unacknowledged Contributions to Contemporary Argumentation Theory. Informal Logic 21 (1).
    Given the pragmatic tum recently taken by argumentation studies, we owe renewed attention to Henry Johnstone's views on the primacy of process over product. In particular, Johnstone's decidedly non-cooperative model is a refreshing alternative to the current dialogic theories of arguing, one which opens the way for specifically rhetorical lines of inquiry.
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  49.  16
    Mark B. Brown (2008). Review of Roger S. Pielke, Jr., The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (4):485-489.
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  50.  4
    Timothy L. Fort (2013). William C. Frederick’s Natural Corporate Management: From the Big Bang to Wall Street. Journal of Business Ethics Education 10:389-396.
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