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Profile: Fritz Allhoff
  1. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Daniel Moore (2010). What is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Ongoing research in nanotechnology promises both innovations and risks, potentially and profoundly changing the world. This book helps to promote a balanced understanding of this important emerging technology, offering an informed and impartial look at the technology, its science, and its social impact and ethics. Nanotechnology is crucial for the next generation of industries, financial markets, research labs, and our everyday lives; this book provides an informed and balanced look at nanotechnology and its social impact Offers a comprehensive background discussion (...)
     
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  2. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, John Weckert & Mihail C. Roco (2007). Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. Wiley.
    Nanotechnology will eventually impact every area of our world _Nanoethics_ seeks to examine the potential risks and rewards of applications of nanotechnology. This up-to-date anthology gives the reader an introduction to and basic foundation in nanotechnology and nanoethics, and then delves into near-, mid-, and far-term issues. Comprehensive and authoritative, it: Goes beyond the usual environmental, health, and safety concerns to explore such topics as privacy, nanomedicine, human enhancement, global regulation, military, humanitarianism, education, artificial intelligence, space exploration, life extension, and (...)
     
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  3.  60
    Fritz Allhoff (2007). On the Autonomy and Justification of Nanoethics. NanoEthics 1 (3):185-210.
    In this paper, I take a critical stance on the emerging field of nanoethics. After an introductory section, “Conceptual Foundations of Nanotechnology” considers the conceptual foundations of nanotechnology, arguing that nanoethics can only be as coherent as nanotechnology itself and then discussing concerns with this latter concept; the conceptual foundations of nanoethics are then explicitly addressed in “Conceptual Foundations of Nanoethics”. “Issues in Nanoethics” considers ethical issues that will be raised through nanotechnology and, in “What’s New?”, it is argued that (...)
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  4.  12
    Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Coming Era of Nanomedicine. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):3-11.
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  5.  22
    Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Nanoscience and Nanoethics: Defining the Disciplines. Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  6.  7
    Fritz Allhoff, Françoise Baylis, Richard Glen Boire, Christopher Buford, Tom Buller, Raymond DeVries, Hubert Doucet, Kathinka Evers, Joseph Fins & Ruth L. Fischbach (2005). First Page Preview. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2).
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  7. Fritz Allhoff (2006). A Defense of Torture: Separation of Cases, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Moral Justification. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):243-264.
    In this paper, I argue for the permissibility of torture in idealized cases by application of separation of cases: if torture is permissible given any of the dominant moral theories (and if one of those is correct), then torture is permissible simpliciter and I can discharge the tricky business of trying to adjudicate among conflicting moral views. To be sure, torture is not permissible on all the dominant moral theories as at least Kantianism will prove especially recalcitrant to granting moral (...)
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  8.  97
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). Germ-Line Genetic Enhancement and Rawlsian Primary Goods. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):39-56.
    : Genetic interventions raise a host of moral issues and, of its various species, germ-line genetic enhancement is the most morally contentious. This paper surveys various arguments against germ-line enhancement and attempts to demonstrate their inadequacies. A positive argument is advanced in favor of certain forms of germ-line enhancements, which holds that they are morally permissible if and only if they augment Rawlsian primary goods, either directly or by facilitating their acquisition.
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  9.  77
    Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor & John Weckert (2010). Ethics of Human Enhancement: 25 Questions & Answers. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (1).
    This paper presents the principal findings from a three-year research project funded by the US National Science Foundation on ethics of human enhancement technologies. To help untangle this ongoing debate, we have organized the discussion as a list of questions and answers, starting with background issues and moving to specific concerns, including: freedom & autonomy, health & safety, fairness & equity, societal disruption, and human dignity. Each question-and answer pair is largely self-contained, allowing the reader to skip to those issues (...)
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  10. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Daniel Moore (2010). What is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Ongoing research in nanotechnology promises both innovations and risks, potentially and profoundly changing the world. This book helps to promote a balanced understanding of this important emerging technology, offering an informed and impartial look at the technology, its science, and its social impact and ethics. Nanotechnology is crucial for the next generation of industries, financial markets, research labs, and our everyday lives; this book provides an informed and balanced look at nanotechnology and its social impact Offers a comprehensive background discussion (...)
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  11.  41
    Fritz Allhoff (2003). Business Bluffing Reconsidered. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):283 - 289.
    On the one hand, bluffing in business seems to bear a strong resemblance to lying, and therefore might be thought to be prima facie impermissible. On the other, many people have the intuition that bluffing is an appropriate and morally permissible negotiating tactic. Given this tension, what is the moral standing of bluffing in business? In this paper, I will consider influential accounts of both Albert Carr and Thomas Carson, and I will present my criticisms thereof. Drawing off of these (...)
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  12. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Terrorism and Torture. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), International Journal of Applied Philosophy. Open Court 121-134.
    After the events of 9/11, the concept of torture has emerged as one that is both pertinent and provoking. National polls have shown that some Americans support torture in some situations, though the majority still stand opposed. Torture has not received a tremendous amount of discussion in the philosophical literature, though I suspect that the leftward slant of academia would, for the most part, ensure limited support for torture. In this paper, I would like to first discuss why torture is (...)
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  13.  60
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). A Defense of Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):243-264.
    In this paper, I argue for the permissibility of torture in idealized cases by application of separation of cases: if torture is permissible given any of the dominant moral theories (and if one of those is correct), then torture is permissible simpliciter and I can discharge the tricky business of trying to adjudicate among conflicting moral views. To be sure, torture is not permissible on all the dominant moral theories as at least Kantianism will prove especially recalcitrant to granting moral (...)
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  14.  76
    Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Jesse Steinberg (2011). Ethics of Human Enhancement: An Executive Summary. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):201-212.
    With multi-year funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), a team of researchers has just released a comprehensive report detailing ethical issues arising from human enhancement (Allhoff et al. 2009). While we direct the interested reader to that (much longer) report, we also thank the editors of this journal for the invitation to provide an executive summary thereof. This summary highlights key results from each section of that report and does so in a self-standing way; in other words, this (...)
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  15.  66
    Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (2008). Untangling the Debate: The Ethics of Human Enhancement. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 2 (3):251-264.
    Human enhancement, in which nanotechnology is expected to play a major role, continues to be a highly contentious ethical debate, with experts on both sides calling it the single most important issue facing science and society in this brave, new century. This paper is a broad introduction to the symposium herein that explores a range of perspectives related to that debate. We will discuss what human enhancement is and its apparent contrast to therapy; and we will begin to tease apart (...)
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  16.  6
    Fritz Allhoff (2012). Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis. University of Chicago Press.
    In Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture, Fritz Allhoff demonstrates the weakness of the case against torture; while allowing that torture constitutes a moral wrong, he nevertheless argues that, in exceptional cases, it represents the ...
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  17.  93
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). Neuroscience and Metaphysics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):34 - 36.
    In “Imaging or Imagining? A Neuroethics Challenge In- The assumption at issue here is the assumption that the formed by Genetics,” Judy Illes and Eric Racine (see this ismind literally is the brain (i.e., is numerically identical to sue) argue that “traditional bioethics analysis” (TBA), as de-.
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  18. Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Evolution of the Moral Sentiments and the Metaphysics of Morals. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):97 - 114.
    So-called evolutionary error theorists, such as Michael Ruse and Richard Joyce, have argued that naturalistic accounts of the moral sentiments lead us to adopt an error theory approach to morality. Roughly, the argument is that an appreciation of the etiology of those sentiments undermines any reason to think that they track moral truth and, furthermore, undermines any reason to think that moral truth actually exists. I argue that this approach offers us a false dichotomy between error theory and some form (...)
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  19.  13
    Fritz Allhoff (2006). Physician Involvement in Hostile Interrogations. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):392-402.
    In this paper, I have two main goals. First, I will argue that traditional medical values mandate, as opposed to forbid, at least minimal physician participation in hostile interrogations. Second, I will argue that traditional medical duties or responsibilities do not apply to medically-trained interrogators. In support of this conclusion, I will argue that medically-trained interrogators could simply choose not to enter into a patient-physician relationship. Recognizing that this argument might not be convincing, I will then propose three further arguments (...)
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  20.  69
    Fritz Allhoff (2011). What Are Applied Ethics? Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):1-19.
    This paper explores the relationships that various applied ethics bear to each other, both in particular disciplines and more generally. The introductory section lays out the challenge of coming up with such an account and, drawing a parallel with the philosophy of science, offers that applied ethics may either be unified or disunified. The second section develops one simple account through which applied ethics are unified, vis-à-vis ethical theory. However, this is not taken to be a satisfying answer, for reasons (...)
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  21.  52
    Fritz Allhoff (2003). Terrorism and Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):121-134.
    This paper investigates the moral permissibility of torture. After briefly considering some empirical evidence, it discusses the conflict between deontological and consequentialist approaches to torture. It is argued that, even if we are to take rights seriously, torture should at least be allowed if some conditions are satisfied. Finally, the paper discusses what those conditions should be and what sorts of torture are morally permissible.
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  22. Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.) (2013). Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge.
     
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  23.  30
    Chris Buford & Fritz Allhoff (2005). Neuroscience and Metaphysics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):34 – 36.
  24.  72
    Fritz Allhoff (2011). A World Without Values: Essays on John Mackie's Moral Error Theory – Richard Joyce and Simon Kirchin (Eds). Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):429-431.
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  25.  51
    Fritz Allhoff (2009). The War on Terror and the Ethics of Exceptionalism. Journal of Military Ethics 8 (4):265-288.
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  26.  31
    Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff, Against Unrestricted Human Enhancement.
    The defining debate in this new century will be about technology and human enhancement, according to many across the political spectrum. Our ability to use science to enhance our bodies and minds – as opposed to its application for therapeutic purposes – is one of the most personal and therefore passionate issues in an era where emerging technologies seduce us with new and fantastic possibilities for our future. But in the process, we are forced to rethink what it means to (...)
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  27.  11
    Fritz Allhoff (2008). Physicians at War: The Dual-Loyalties Challenge. Journal of Military Ethics 7 (4):320-322.
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  28.  16
    Fritz Allhoff (2011). TorTure WArrANTS, SeLF-DeFeNSe, AND NeceSSiTy. Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3):217-240.
    Ticking time-bomb cases famously—or infamously—invite us to imagine a scenario wherein the torture of one guilty terrorist will lead to the acquisition of information that can be used to save the lives of many innocents. Despite the contemporary focus on such cases, they have a long tradition, dating to the early 1800s. And, throughout their history, they have appeared in various guises, from the literary to the public to the philosophical. The principal moral question suggested by these cases is whether (...)
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  29.  45
    Fritz Allhoff (2009). What Is Modesty? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):165-187.
    This paper examines the virtue of modesty and provides an account of what it means to be modest. A good account should not only delimit the proper application of the concept, but should also capture why it is that we think that modesty is a virtue. Recent work has yielded several interesting, but flawed, accounts of modesty. Julia Driver has argued that it consists in underestimating one’s self-worth, while Owen Flanagan has argued that modesty must entail an accurate—as opposed to (...)
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  30.  54
    Fritz Allhoff (2004). Telomeres and the Ethics of Human Cloning. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):29 – 31.
    In search of a potential problem with cloning, I investigate the phenomenon of telomere shortening which is caused by cell replication; clones created from somatic cells will have shortened telomeres and therefore reach a state of senescence more rapidly. While genetic intervention might fix this problem at some point in the future, I ask whether, absent technological advances, this biological phenomenon undermines the moral permissibility of cloning.
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  31.  23
    Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff, Nanoethics and Human Enhancement: A Critical Evaluation of Recent Arguments.
    Human enhancement – our ability to use technology to enhance our bodies and minds, as opposed to its application for therapeutic purposes – is a critical issue facing nanotechnology. It will be involved in some of the near-term applications of nanotechnology, with such research labs as MIT’s Institute for Soldier Technologies working on exoskeletons and other innovations that increase human strength and capabilities. It is also a core issue related to far-term predictions in nanotechnology, such as longevity, nanomedicine, artificial intelligence (...)
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  32. Fritz Allhoff & Patrick Lin (2008). Nanotechnology and Human Enhancement: A Symposium. Nanoethics: The Ethics of Technologies That Converge at the Nanoscale 2:251-327.
     
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  33.  14
    Fritz Allhoff (2009). Risk, Precaution, and Emerging Technologies. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
    This paper explores a framework for thinking about risks inherent in emerging technologies; given uncertainty about the magnitude—or even nature—of those risks, deliberation about those technologies is challenged. §1 develops a conceptual framework for risk, and §2 integrates that conception into cost-benefit analysis. Given uncertainty, we are often pushed toward precautionary approaches, and such approaches are explored in §3. These first three sections are largely literature review, and then a positive argument for how to think about the relationship between risk, (...)
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  34.  7
    Fritz Allhoff (2011). Physicians at War: Lessons for Archaeologists? In Peter G. Stone (ed.), Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military. Boydell Press 4--43.
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  35.  27
    Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.) (2009). The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    speaking there are only two sorts of opposition to be found here. One is the opposition between motion and rest, together with the opposition between ...
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  36.  9
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). Free-Riding and Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):50 – 51.
  37.  4
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). On Economic Justifications of Bioterrorism Defense Spending. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):52-54.
    *The opinions contained in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the American Medical Association.
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  38.  7
    Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (2008). Wine and Philosophy. Blackwell.
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  39.  28
    Fritz Allhoff (2003). Evolutionary Ethics From Darwin to Moore. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):51 - 79.
    Evolutionary ethics has a long history, dating all the way back to Charles Darwin.1 Almost immediately after the publication of the Origin, an immense interest arose in the moral implications of Darwinism and whether the truth of Darwinism would undermine traditional ethics. Though the biological thesis was certainly exciting, nobody suspected that the impact of the Origin would be confined to the scientific arena. As one historian wrote, 'whether or not ancient populations of armadillos were transformed into the species that (...)
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  40. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, John Weckert & Mihail C. Roco (2007). Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. Wiley.
    Nanotechnology will eventually impact every area of our world _Nanoethics_ seeks to examine the potential risks and rewards of applications of nanotechnology. This up-to-date anthology gives the reader an introduction to and basic foundation in nanotechnology and nanoethics, and then delves into near-, mid-, and far-term issues. Comprehensive and authoritative, it: Goes beyond the usual environmental, health, and safety concerns to explore such topics as privacy, nanomedicine, human enhancement, global regulation, military, humanitarianism, education, artificial intelligence, space exploration, life extension, and (...)
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  41.  7
    Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff, Introduction: Nanotechnology, Society, and Ethics.
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  42.  10
    Fritz Allhoff (2014). Ticking Time-Bombs and Torture1. In Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher H. Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley Blackwell 22--247.
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  43.  4
    Fritz Allhoff (2009). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Coming Era of Nanomedicine”. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):1-2.
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  44.  18
    Fritz Allhoff (2010). Physicians at War. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):101-114.
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  45. Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2005). Business Ethics. Sage Publications.
    Business Ethics is a three-volume collection which provides students and researchers with the historically most important of the classic articles in business ethics, as well as the best of the contemporary and trendsetting work in this burgeoning area. The collection will serve as a sourcebook for academics and researchers entering or already established in the area of business ethics. The editors bring together a breadth of articles across business ethics, with an orientation that is diverse as well as international. The (...)
     
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  46. Joel H. Rosenthal, J. E. Drexel Godfrey, R. V. Jones, Arthur S. Hulnick, David W. Mattausch, Kent Pekel, Tony Pfaff, John P. Langan, John B. Chomeau, Anne C. Rudolph, Fritz Allhoff, Michael Skerker, Robert M. Gates, Andrew Wilkie, James Ernest Roscoe, Lincoln P. Bloomfield Jr, Charles R. Beitz, David L. Perry, James A. Barry, Loch K. Johnson, Jean Maria Arrigo, Roger Homan, Martin Bulmer, David Price, Linda Trevino, Gary Weaver & Darren Charters (2005). Ethics of Spying: A Reader for the Intelligence Professional. Scarecrow Press.
    This is the first book to offer the best essays, articles, and speeches on ethics and intelligence that demonstrate the complex moral dilemmas in intelligence collection, analysis, and operations. Some are recently declassified and never before published, and all are written by authors whose backgrounds are as varied as their insights, including Robert M. Gates, former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency; John P. Langan, the Joseph Cardinal Bernardin Professor of Catholic Social Thought at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown (...)
     
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  47.  8
    Fritz Allhoff (2005). Stem Cells and the Blastocyst Transfer Method: Some Concerns Regarding Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):28 – 30.
  48.  7
    Fritz Allhoff (2012). Doctors and Torture. Hastings Center Report 42 (1):8.
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  49.  2
    Fritz Allhoff (2004). Discriminating Against "Organ Takers". American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):31 – 33.
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  50.  5
    Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Issues: The Distant Future? Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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