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Profile: Fritz Allhoff
  1. Fritz Allhoff, Philosophy of Science.
    Course Description: Science appears to be extraordinarily successful is two crucial respects. First, science apparently serves as an extremely reliable vehicle for arriving at the truth (as contrasted with astrology or palm reading). Second, the methodology of science seems eminently rational (again as opposed to the methodologies of astrology or palm reading). Philosophers have been quite interested in these two apparent virtues of science. Some philosophers think that the two virtues are illusory and that, upon reflection, science is not significantly (...)
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  2. Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Issues: The Distant Future? Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  3. Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (forthcoming). Not Just Wars. Routledge.
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  4. Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Nanoscience and Nanoethics: Defining the Disciplines. Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  5. Fritz Allhoff (2014). Ticking Time-Bombs and Torture1. In Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher H. Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley Blackwell. 22--247.
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  6. Fritz Allhoff & Mark Hall (eds.) (2014). The Affordable Care Act Decision: Philosophical and Legal Implications. Routledge.
    Interest in NFIB v. Sebelius has been extraordinarily high, from as soon as the legislation was passed, through lower court rulings, the Supreme Court’s grant of certiorari, and the decision itself, both for its substantive holdings and the purported behind-the-scene dynamics. Legal blogs exploded with analysis, bioethicists opined on our collective responsibilities, and philosophers tackled concepts like ‘coercion’ and the activity/inactivity distinction. This volume aims to bring together scholars from disparate fields to analyze various features of the decision. It comprises (...)
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  7. Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas G. Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.) (2013). The Routledge Handbook of War and Ethics: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge.
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  8. Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.) (2013). Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge.
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  9. Fritz Allhoff (2012). Doctors and Torture. Hastings Center Report 42 (1):8.
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  10. Fritz Allhoff (2011). A World Without Values: Essays on John Mackie's Moral Error Theory – Richard Joyce and Simon Kirchin (Eds). Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):429-431.
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  11. Fritz Allhoff (2011). Physicians at War: Lessons for Archaeologists? In Peter G. Stone (ed.), Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military. Boydell Press. 4--43.
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  12. Fritz Allhoff (2011). TorTure WArrANTS, SeLF-DeFeNSe, AND NeceSSiTy. Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3).
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  13. Fritz Allhoff (2011). What Are Applied Ethics? Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):1-19.
    This paper explores the relationships that various applied ethics bear to each other, both in particular disciplines and more generally. The introductory section lays out the challenge of coming up with such an account and, drawing a parallel with the philosophy of science, offers that applied ethics may either be unified or disunified. The second section develops one simple account through which applied ethics are unified, vis-à-vis ethical theory. However, this is not taken to be a satisfying answer, for reasons (...)
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  14. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Jesse Steinberg (2011). Ethics of Human Enhancement: An Executive Summary. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):201-212.
  15. Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (2010). A Guide to Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of essays discussing a wide range of sciences and the central philosophical issues associated with them, presenting the sciences collectively to encourage a greater understanding of their associative theoretical foundations, as well as their relationships to each other. Offers a new and unique approach to studying and comparing the philosophies of a variety of scientific disciplines -/- *Explores a wide variety of individual sciences, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology and economics -/- *The essays are written by (...)
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  16. Fritz Allhoff (2010). Physicians at War. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):101-114.
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  17. Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (2010). Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The essays are written by leading scholars in a highly accessible style for the student audience Presents and discusses central debates in the field, making it ...
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  18. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor & John Weckert (2010). Ethics of Human Enhancement: 25 Questions & Answers. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (1).
    This paper presents the principal findings from a three-year research project funded by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) on ethics of human enhancement technologies. To help untangle this ongoing debate, we have organized the discussion as a list of questions and answers, starting with background issues and moving to specific concerns, including: freedom & autonomy, health & safety, fairness & equity, societal disruption, and human dignity. Each question-and answer pair is largely self-contained, allowing the reader to skip to those (...)
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  19. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Daniel Moore (2010). What is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  20. Fritz Allhoff (2009). Risk, Precaution, and Emerging Technologies. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
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  21. Fritz Allhoff (2009). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Coming Era of Nanomedicine”. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):1-2.
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  22. Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Coming Era of Nanomedicine. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):3-11.
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  23. Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Evolution of the Moral Sentiments and the Metaphysics of Morals. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):97 - 114.
    So-called evolutionary error theorists, such as Michael Ruse and Richard Joyce, have argued that naturalistic accounts of the moral sentiments lead us to adopt an error theory approach to morality. Roughly, the argument is that an appreciation of the etiology of those sentiments undermines any reason to think that they track moral truth and, furthermore, undermines any reason to think that moral truth actually exists. I argue that this approach offers us a false dichotomy between error theory and some form (...)
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  24. Fritz Allhoff (2009). What Is Modesty? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):165-187.
    This paper examines the virtue of modesty and provides an account of what it means to be modest. A good account should not only delimit the proper application of the concept, but should also capture why it is that we think that modesty is a virtue. Recent work has yielded several interesting, but flawed, accounts of modesty. Julia Driver has argued that it consists in underestimating one’s self-worth, while Owen Flanagan has argued that modesty must entail an accurate—as opposed to (...)
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  25. Fritz Allhoff (2009). The War on Terror and the Ethics of Exceptionalism. Journal of Military Ethics 8 (4):265-288.
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  26. Fritz Allhoff & Dave Monroe (eds.) (2009). Food and Philosophy: Eat, Think, and Be Merry. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  27. Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.) (2009). The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    speaking there are only two sorts of opposition to be found here. One is the opposition between motion and rest, together with the opposition between ...
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  28. Fritz Allhoff (2008). Treating the Military's Wounded. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):15 – 16.
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  29. Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (2008). Wine and Philosophy. Blackwell.
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  30. Fritz Allhoff (2008). Physicians at War: The Dual-Loyalties Challenge. Journal of Military Ethics 7 (4):320-322.
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  31. Fritz Allhoff & Patrick Lin (2008). Nanotechnology and Human Enhancement: A Symposium. Nanoethics: The Ethics of Technologies That Converge at the Nanoscale 2:251-327.
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  32. Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (2008). Against Unrestricted Human Enhancement. Journal of Evolution and Technology 18 (1):35-41.
    The defining debate in this new century will be about technology and human enhancement, according to many across the political spectrum. Our ability to use science to enhance our bodies and minds – as opposed to its application for therapeutic purposes – is one of the most personal and therefore passionate issues in an era where emerging technologies seduce us with new and fantastic possibilities for our future. But in the process, we are forced to rethink what it means to (...)
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  33. Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff, Introduction: Nanotechnology, Society, and Ethics.
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  34. Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (2008). Untangling the Debate: The Ethics of Human Enhancement. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 2 (3):251-264.
    Human enhancement, in which nanotechnology is expected to play a major role, continues to be a highly contentious ethical debate, with experts on both sides calling it the single most important issue facing science and society in this brave, new century. This paper is a broad introduction to the symposium herein that explores a range of perspectives related to that debate. We will discuss what human enhancement is and its apparent contrast to therapy; and we will begin to tease apart (...)
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  35. Nicholas D. Smith, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2008). Ancient Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub..
    Part of The Blackwell Readings in Philosophy Series, this survey of ancient philosophy explores the scope of ancient philosophy, focusing on the key philosophers and their texts, examining how the foundations of philosophy as we know it were laid. Focuses on the key philosophers and their texts, from Pre-Socratic thinkers through to the Neo-Platonists Brings together the key primary writings of Thales, Xenophanes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Gorgias, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Lucretius, Seneca, Sextus Empiricus, Plotinus, and many others Is broken down into (...)
     
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  36. Fritz Allhoff (2007). On the Autonomy and Justification of Nanoethics. NanoEthics 1 (3):185-210.
    In this paper, I take a critical stance on the emerging field of nanoethics. After an introductory section, “Conceptual Foundations of Nanotechnology” considers the conceptual foundations of nanotechnology, arguing that nanoethics can only be as coherent as nanotechnology itself and then discussing concerns with this latter concept; the conceptual foundations of nanoethics are then explicitly addressed in “Conceptual Foundations of Nanoethics”. “Issues in Nanoethics” considers ethical issues that will be raised through nanotechnology and, in “What’s New?”, it is argued that (...)
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  37. Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, John Weckert & Mihail C. Roco (2007). Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. Wiley.
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  38. Fritz Allhoff & David Monroe (eds.) (2007). Food & Philosophy. Blackwell.
    Provides a critical reflection on what and how we eat can contribute to a robust enjoyment of gastronomic pleasures A thoughtful, yet playful collection which ...
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  39. Gyula Klima, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2007). Medieval Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub..
    This collection of readings with extensive editorial commentary brings together key texts of the most influential philosophers of the medieval era to provide a comprehensive introduction for students of philosophy. Features the writings of Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Boethius, John Duns Scotus and other leading medieval thinkers Features several new translations of key thinkers of the medieval era, including John Buridan and Averroes Readings are accompanied by expert commentary from the editors, who are leading scholars in the field.
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  40. Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2007). Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub..
    Part of the Blackwell Readings in the History of Philosophy series, this survey of early modern philosophy focuses on the key texts and philosophers of the period whose beliefs changed the course of western thought. Assembles the key texts from the most significant and influential philosophers of the early modern era to provide a thorough introduction to the period. Features the writings of the major philosophical, scientific, and political thinkers of the time, including Descartes, Hobbes, Leibniz and Spinoza. Focuses on (...)
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  41. Dave Monroe & Fritz Allhoff (eds.) (2007). Food & Philosophy: Eat, Think, and Be Merry. Blackwell.
    Food & Philosophy offers a collection of essays which explore a range of philosophical topics related to food; it joins Wine & Philosophy and Beer & Philosophy in in the "Epicurean Trilogy." Essays are organized thematically and written by philosophers, food writers, and professional chefs.
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  42. Elizabeth S. Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2007). Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub. Ltd..
    Part of the Blackwell Readings in the History of Philosophy series, this survey of late modern philosophy focuses on the key texts and philosophers of the period whose beliefs changed the course of western thought. Gathers together the key texts from the most significant and influential philosophers of the late modern era to provide a thorough introduction to the period. Features the writings of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Leibniz, Kant, Rousseau, Bentham and other leading thinkers. Examines such topics as empiricism, rationalism, (...)
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  43. Fritz Allhoff (2006). A Defense of Torture: Separation of Cases, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Moral Justification. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):243-264.
    In this paper, I argue for the permissibility of torture in idealized cases by application of separation of cases: if torture is permissible given any of the dominant moral theories (and if one of those is correct), then torture is permissible simpliciter and I can discharge the tricky business of trying to adjudicate among conflicting moral views. To be sure, torture is not permissible on all the dominant moral theories as at least Kantianism will prove especially recalcitrant to granting moral (...)
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  44. Fritz Allhoff (2006). Physician Involvement in Hostile Interrogations. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (04):392-402.
    In this paper, I have two main goals. First, I will argue that traditional medical values mandate, as opposed to forbid, at least minimal physician participation in hostile interrogations. Second, I will argue that traditional medical duties or responsibilities do not apply to medically-trained interrogators. In support of this conclusion, I will argue that medically-trained interrogators could simply choose not to enter into a patient-physician relationship. Recognizing that this argument might not be convincing, I will then propose three further arguments (...)
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  45. Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff (2006). Nanoethics and Human Enhancement: A Critical Evaluation of Recent Arguments. Nanotechnology Perceptions 2:47-52.
    Human enhancement – our ability to use technology to enhance our bodies and minds, as opposed to its application for therapeutic purposes – is a critical issue facing nanotechnology. It will be involved in some of the near-term applications of nanotechnology, with such research labs as MIT’s Institute for Soldier Technologies working on exoskeletons and other innovations that increase human strength and capabilities. It is also a core issue related to far-term predictions in nanotechnology, such as longevity, nanomedicine, artificial intelligence (...)
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  46. Fritz Allhoff (2005). A Defense of Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):243-264.
    In this paper, I argue for the permissibility of torture in idealized cases by application of separation of cases: if torture is permissible given any of the dominant moral theories (and if one of those is correct), then torture is permissible simpliciter and I can discharge the tricky business of trying to adjudicate among conflicting moral views. To be sure, torture is not permissible on all the dominant moral theories as at least Kantianism will prove especially recalcitrant to granting moral (...)
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  47. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Free-Riding and Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):50 – 51.
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  48. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Germ-Line Genetic Enhancement and Rawlsian Primary Goods. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):39-56.
    : Genetic interventions raise a host of moral issues and, of its various species, germ-line genetic enhancement is the most morally contentious. This paper surveys various arguments against germ-line enhancement and attempts to demonstrate their inadequacies. A positive argument is advanced in favor of certain forms of germ-line enhancements, which holds that they are morally permissible if and only if they augment Rawlsian primary goods, either directly or by facilitating their acquisition.
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  49. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Neuroscience and Metaphysics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):34 - 36.
    In “Imaging or Imagining? A Neuroethics Challenge In- The assumption at issue here is the assumption that the formed by Genetics,” Judy Illes and Eric Racine (see this ismind literally is the brain (i.e., is numerically identical to sue) argue that “traditional bioethics analysis” (TBA), as de-.
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  50. Fritz Allhoff (2005). On Economic Justifications of Bioterrorism Defense Spending. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):52-54.
    *The opinions contained in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the American Medical Association.
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