Search results for 'Functional Analysis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Uljana Feest (2003). Functional Analysis and the Autonomy of Psychology. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):937-948.score: 240.0
    This paper examines the notion that psychology is autonomous. It is argued that we need to distinguish between (a) the question of whether psychological explanations are autonomous, and (b) the question of whether the process of psychological discovery is autonomous. The issue is approached by providing a reinterpretation of Robert Cummins's notion of functional analysis (FA). A distinction is drawn between FA as an explanatory strategy and FA as an investigative strategy. It is argued that the identification of (...)
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  2. Ron Amundson & Laurence D. Smith (1984). Clark Hull, Robert Cummins, and Functional Analysis. Philosophy of Science 51 (December):657-666.score: 240.0
    Robert Cummins has recently used the program of Clark Hull to illustrate the effects of logical positivist epistemology upon psychological theory. On Cummins's account, Hull's theory is best understood as a functional analysis, rather than a nomological subsumption. Hull's commitment to the logical positivist view of explanation is said to have blinded him to this aspect of this theory, and thus restricted its scope. We will argue that this interpretation of Hull's epistemology, though common, is mistaken. Hull's epistemological (...)
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  3. David Barrett (2014). Functional Analysis and Mechanistic Explanation. Synthese 191 (12):2695-2714.score: 240.0
    Piccinini and Craver (Synthese 183:283–311, 2011) argue for the surprising view that psychological explanation, properly understood, is a species of mechanistic explanation. This contrasts with the ‘received view’ (due, primarily, to Cummins and Fodor) which maintains a sharp distinction between psychological explanation and mechanistic explanation. The former is typically construed as functional analysis, the analysis of some psychological capacity into an organized series of subcapacities without specifying any of the structural features that underlie the explanandum capacity. The (...)
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  4. Douglas E. Ehring (1985). Dispositions and Functions: Cummins on Functional Analysis. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 23 (November):243-249.score: 210.0
  5. Kevin K. Park, Hye Won Suk, Heungsun Hwang & Jang-Han Lee (2013). A Functional Analysis of Deception Detection of a Mock Crime Using Infrared Thermal Imaging and the Concealed Information Test. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 210.0
  6. Ron McClamrock (1993). Functional Analysis and Etiology. Erkenntnis 38 (2):249-260.score: 192.0
    Cummins (1982) argues that etiological considerations are not onlyinsufficient butirrelevant for the determination offunction. I argue that his claim of irrelevance rests on a misrepresentation of the use of functions in evolutionary explanations. I go on to suggest how accepting anetiological constraint on functional analysis might help resolve some problems involving the use of functional explanations.
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  7. Emmanuelle Volle Gil Gonen-Yaacovi, Leonardo Cruz de Souza, Richard Levy, Marika Urbanski, Goulven Josse (2013). Rostral and Caudal Prefrontal Contribution to Creativity: A Meta-Analysis of Functional Imaging Data. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 192.0
    Creativity is of central importance for human civilization, yet its neurocognitive bases are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to integrate existing functional imaging data by using the meta-analysis approach. We reviewed 34 functional imaging studies that reported activation foci during tasks assumed to engage creative thinking in healthy adults. A coordinate-based meta-analysis using Activation Likelihood Estimation (ALE) first showed a set of predominantly left-hemispheric regions shared by the various creativity tasks examined. These (...)
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  8. Paulo César Gonçalves Marques, Jose Miguel Soares, Victor Alves & Nuno Sousa (2013). BrainCAT - a Tool for Automated and Combined Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Brain Connectivity Analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 192.0
    Multimodal neuroimaging studies have recently become a trend in the neuroimaging field and are certainly a standard for the future. Brain connectivity studies combining functional activation patterns using resting-state or task related functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) tractography have growing popularity. However, there is a scarcity of solutions to perform optimized, intuitive and consistent multimodal fMRI/DTI studies. Here we propose a new tool, BrainCAT (Brain Connectivity Analysis Tool), for an automated and standard (...)
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  9. T. Siva Tian (2010). Functional Data Analysis in Brain Imaging Studies. Frontiers in Psychology 1:35-35.score: 192.0
    Functional data analysis (FDA) considers the continuity of the curves or functions, and is a topic of increasing interest in the statistics community. FDA is commonly applied to time-series and spatial-series studies. The development of functional brain imaging techniques in recent years made it possible to study the relationship between brain and mind over time. Consequently, an enormous amount of functional data is collected and needs to be analyzed. Functional techniques designed for these data are (...)
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  10. GivenName> L. Benoit & Andrew A. Klyukovski (2006). A Functional Analysis of 2004 Ukrainian Presidential Debates. Argumentation 20 (2):209-225.score: 186.0
    Political leaders’ debates are an important and highly visible instances of public argumentation. As such, they merit scholarly attention. This essay applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to analyze televised presidential debates from the Ukraine in 2004. Overall, this analysis revealed that acclaims were the most common function, followed by attacks and then defenses. Policy was addressed more often than character in these debates, as expected. The incumbent candidate acclaimed significantly more and attacked less than the (...)
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  11. Deborah J. Brown (2012). Cartesian Functional Analysis. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):75 - 92.score: 180.0
    Despite eschewing the utility of ends or purposes in natural philosophy, Descartes frequently engages in functional explanation, which many have assumed is an essentially teleological form of explanation. This article considers the consistency of Descartes's appeal to natural functions, advancing the idea that he is utilizing a non-normative, non-teleological form of functional explanation. It will be argued that Cartesian functional analysis resembles modern causal functional analysis, and yet, by emphasizing the interdependency of parts of (...)
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  12. Irving H. Anellis (2011). Peirce's Truth-Functional Analysis and the Origin of the Truth Table. History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (1):87 - 97.score: 180.0
    We explore the technical details and historical evolution of Charles Peirce's articulation of a truth table in 1893, against the background of his investigation into the truth-functional analysis of propositions involving implication. In 1997, John Shosky discovered, on the verso of a page of the typed transcript of Bertrand Russell's 1912 lecture on ?The Philosophy of Logical Atomism? truth table matrices. The matrix for negation is Russell's, alongside of which is the matrix for material implication in the hand (...)
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  13. Predrag Šustar (2007). Neo-Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.score: 180.0
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk' in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, is involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions through a modified version of Cummins' functional analysis. The modification in question (...)
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  14. Predrag Sustar (2007). Neo‐Functional Analysis: Phylogenetical Restrictions on Causal Role Functions. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):601-615.score: 180.0
    The most recent resurgence of philosophical attention to the so-called ‘functional talk’ in the sciences can be summarized in terms of the following questions: (Q1) What kind of restrictions, and in particular, what kind of evolutionary restrictions as well as to what extent, are involved in functional ascriptions? (Q2) How can we account for the explanatory import of function-ascribing statements? This paper addresses these questions on the basis of a modified version of Cummins’ functional analysis. The (...)
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  15. José Iovino (1997). Definability in Functional Analysis. Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):493-505.score: 180.0
    The role played by real-valued functions in functional analysis is fundamental. One often considers metrics, or seminorms, or linear functionals, to mention some important examples. We introduce the notion of definable real-valued function in functional analysis: a real-valued function f defined on a structure of functional analysis is definable if it can be "approximated" by formulas which do not involve f. We characterize definability of real-valued functions in terms of a purely topological condition which (...)
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  16. Roy Turner (1966). Functional Analysis and the Problem of Rationality. Inquiry 9 (1-4):262 – 273.score: 180.0
    Functional analysis rescued religion from the oblivion to which positiviste would have consigned it, by taking 'society' rather than the individual act as the unit of analysis. The history of functionalism has been a record of increasing concern with such holistic units as societies and social systems. One consequence of this shift away from social action (in the Weberian sense) is that the issue of rationality has become largely redundant. Yet the problem remains: How do we account (...)
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  17. Robert C. Cummins (1975). Functional Analysis. Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.score: 174.0
  18. Paul E. Griffiths (1993). Functional Analysis and Proper Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.score: 174.0
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of selective explanation (...)
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  19. Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara (1988). A Framework for the Functional Analysis of Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):117.score: 162.0
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  20. Ullin T. Place (2000). Consciousness and the Zombie Within: A Functional Analysis of the Blindsight Evidence. In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins.score: 162.0
     
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  21. Neil C. Manson (2003). Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179–195.score: 156.0
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical (...)
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  22. Matthias Schurz, Markus Aichhorn, Anna Martin & Josef Perner (2013). Common Brain Areas Engaged in False Belief Reasoning and Visual Perspective Taking: A Meta-Analysis of Functional Brain Imaging Studies. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 156.0
    We performed a quantitative meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies to identify brain areas which are commonly engaged in social and visuo-spatial perspective taking. Specifically, we compared brain activation found for visual-perspective taking to activation for false belief reasoning, a task which requires awareness of perspective to understand someone’s mistaken belief about the world which contrasts with reality. In support of a previous account by Perner & Leekam (2008), a meta-analytic conjunction analysis found activation for false belief reasoning (...)
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  23. Anthony I. Jack Benjamin Kubit (2013). Rethinking the Role of the rTPJ in Attention and Social Cognition in Light of the Opposing Domains Hypothesis: Findings From an ALE-Based Meta-Analysis and Resting-State Functional Connectivity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 156.0
    The right temporo-parietal junction (rTPJ) has been associated with two apparently disparate functional roles: in attention and in social cognition. According to one account, the rTPJ initiates a “circuit-breaking” signal that interrupts ongoing attentional processes, effectively reorienting attention. It is argued this primary function of the rTPJ has been extended beyond attention, through a process of evolutionarily cooption, to play a role in social cognition. We propose an alternative account, according to which the capacity for social cognition depends on (...)
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  24. Coenraad J. Hattingh, Jonathan Ipser, Sean Tromp, Supriya Syal, Christine Lochner, Samantha Jane Brooks Brooks & Dan J. Stein (2013). Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging During Emotion Recognition in Social Anxiety Disorder: An Activation Likelihood Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:347-347.score: 156.0
    Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterised by abnormal fear and anxiety in social situations. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a brain imaging technique that can be used to illustrate neural activation to emotionally salient stimuli. However, no attempt has yet been made to statistically collate fMRI studies of brain activation, using the activation likelihood-estimate technique, in response to emotion recognition tasks in individuals with social anxiety disorder. Methods: A systematic search of fMRI studies of neural responses to (...)
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  25. Jun Soo Kwon Wi Hoon Jung, Sung Nyun Kim, Tae Young Lee, Joon Hwan Jang, Chi-Hoon Choi, Do-Hyung Kang (2013). Exploring the Brains of Baduk (Go) Experts: Gray Matter Morphometry, Resting-State Functional Connectivity, and Graph Theoretical Analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 156.0
    One major characteristic of experts is intuitive judgment, which is an automatic process whereby patterns stored in memory through long-term training are recognized. Indeed, long-term training may influence brain structure and function. A recent study revealed that chess experts at rest showed differences in structure and functional connectivity (FC) in the head of caudate, which is associated with rapid best next-move generation. However, less is known about the structure and function of the brains of Baduk experts compared with those (...)
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  26. Richard A. Richards (2009). Functional Analysis and Character Transformation. In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. 176.score: 152.0
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  27. Harold Fallding (1966). Ideology and the Functional Analysis of Cultures. Inquiry 9 (1-4):241 – 261.score: 150.0
    Sociology can be free from appraising value judgments, but characterizing value judgments are inseparable from it. It is thus a science that deals with the same questions as ideology reckons with, although in a purely characterizing way. Part of its concern is to judge cultures and it does this by measuring properties inherent in them. A culture is an ordering of symbols for a meaningful, dignified life. The dimensions for measuring any culture are (1) the sufficiency of its symbols, (2) (...)
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  28. Gerald H. Paske (1964). Functional Analysis and Self-Control. Educational Theory 14 (4):314-322.score: 150.0
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  29. Harold I. Brown (1979). A Functional Analysis of Scientific Theories. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 10 (1):119-140.score: 150.0
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  30. Theodore T. Lafferty (1929). The Theory of Perspectives as an Interpretation of Functional Analysis. Journal of Philosophy 26 (13):346-354.score: 150.0
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  31. Edward G. Rozycki (1975). The Functional Analysis of Behavior. Educational Theory 25 (3):278-302.score: 150.0
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  32. Elizabeth Riddle & Gloria Sheintuch (1983). A Functional Analysis of Pseudo-Passives. Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (4):527 - 563.score: 150.0
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  33. Marvin B. Scott (1966). Functional Foibles and the Analysis of Social Change. Inquiry 9 (1-4):205 – 214.score: 150.0
    Functional analysis is the major theoretical perspective of contemporary sociology. Although many fruitful studies of social structure have resulted from the application of this perspective, it has been notably sterile in coping with questions of social change. Two major shortcomings of the functionalist view of change are here examined. The first type of shortcoming might be called 'evolutionary hangovers'. Under this heading we may include 'functional ahistoricism' and a 'commitment to progress'. The second major shortcoming refers to (...)
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  34. Michael Lohmann (1970). Possibilities and Limitations of Functional Analysis of Circadian Rhythms. Acta Biotheoretica 19 (2).score: 150.0
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  35. Peter A. Munch (1976). The Concept of 'Function' and Functional Analysis in Sociology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (3):193-213.score: 150.0
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  36. K. Richard Garrett (1985). Elbow Room in a Functional Analysis: Freedom and Dignity Regained. Behaviorism 13 (1):21-36.score: 150.0
  37. Philip H. Marshall, Kathy Nau & Cynthia K. Chandler (1980). A Functional Analysis of Common and Bizarre Visual Mediators. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (6):375-377.score: 150.0
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  38. Fred Richman (1982). Review: D. S. Bridges, Constructive Functional Analysis; Peter Zahn, Ein Konstruktiver Weg zur Masstheorie und Funktionalanalysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):703-705.score: 150.0
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  39. Agehananda Bharati (1964). A Functional Analysis of Indian Thought and its Social Margins. Varanasi, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office.score: 150.0
     
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  40. Robert Crellin (2011). The Noun Phrase in Ancient Greek (S.J.) Bakker The Noun Phrase in Ancient Greek. A Functional Analysis of the Order and Articulation of NP Constituents in Herodotus. (Amsterdam Studies in Classical Philology 15.) Pp. Xii + 322. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009. Cased, €114, US$169. ISBN: 978-90-04-17722-2. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 61 (02):394-396.score: 150.0
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  41. F. Duchesneau (1980). Functional-Analysis and Biological Causality. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 33 (131):229-267.score: 150.0
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  42. F. Duchesneau (1977). Functional-Analysis and the Principle Conditions of Biological Existence. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 31 (121):287-312.score: 150.0
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  43. Geoffrey D. Findlay & Willie J. Swanson (2010). Proteomics Enhances Evolutionary and Functional Analysis of Reproductive Proteins. Bioessays 32 (1):26-36.score: 150.0
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  44. Felicity A. Huntingford & Neil B. Metcalfe (1988). The Functional Analysis of Behaviour: Making Room for Prufrock. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):137.score: 150.0
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  45. Martin Landau (forthcoming). On the Use of Functional Analysis in American Political Science. Social Research.score: 150.0
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  46. E. L. LeClerg (1957). Mean Separation by the Functional Analysis of Variance and Multiple Comparisons. [Washington]Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Dept. Of Agriculture.score: 150.0
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  47. Ron McClamrock (1993). Etiology and Functional Analysis. Erkenntnis 38:249-260.score: 150.0
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  48. Martha K. McClintock (1983). The Behavioral Endocrinology of Rodents: A Functional Analysis. BioScience 33 (9):573-577.score: 150.0
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  49. George L. Newsome (1966). Philosophy of Human Nature Vs. A Functional Analysis of Behavior. Studies in Philosophy and Education 4 (4):404-410.score: 150.0
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  50. Kay O'Halloran (1999). Towards a Systemic Functional Analysis of Multisemiotic Mathematics Texts. Semiotica 124 (1-2):1-30.score: 150.0
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