Search results for 'Future Contingents' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ezio Di Nucci (2012). Knowing Future Contingents. Logos and Episteme 3 (1):43-50.score: 90.0
    This paper argues that we know the future by applying a recent solution of the problem of future contingents to knowledge attributions about the future. MacFarlane has put forward a version of assessment-context relativism that enables us to assign a truth value 'true' (or 'false') to future contingents such as There Will Be A Sea Battle Tomorrow. Here I argue that the same solution can be applied to knowledge attributions about the future by (...)
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  2. Andrea Iacona (2007). Future Contingents and Aristotle's Fantasy (Los futuros contingentes y la fantasía de Aristóteles). Crítica 39 (117):45 - 60.score: 90.0
    This paper deals with the problem of future contingents, and focuses on two classical logical principles, excluded middle and bivalence. One may think that different attitudes are to be adopted towards these two principles in order to solve the problem. According to what seems to be a widely held hypothesis, excluded middle must be accepted while bivalence must be rejected. The paper goes against that line of thought. In the first place, it shows how the rejection of bivalence (...)
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  3. Daisuke Kachi (2009). Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic. Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.score: 90.0
    Recently, Bourne constructed a system of three-valued logic that he supposed to replace Łukasiewicz’s three-valued logic in view of the problems of future contingents. In this paper, I will show first that Bourne’s system makes no improvement to Łukasiewicz’s system. However, finding some good motivations and lessons in his attempt, next I will suggest a better way of achieving his original goal in some sense. The crucial part of my way lies in reconsidering the significance of the intermediate (...)
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  4. Roberto Ciuni & Carlo Proietti (2013). The Abundance of the Future. A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents. Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (1):21-43.score: 78.0
    Supervaluationism holds that the future is undetermined, and as a consequence of this, statements about the future may be neither true nor false. In the present paper, we explore the novel and quite different view that the future is abundant: statements about the future do not lack truth-value, but may instead be glutty, that is both true and false. We will show that (1) the logic resulting from this “abundance of the future” is a non-adjunctive (...)
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  5. Simo Knuuttila (2010). Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione. Vivarium 48 (1-2):75-95.score: 66.0
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's De Interpretatione . While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with (...)
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  6. Paula Sweeney (forthcoming). Future Contingents, Indeterminacy and Context. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.score: 66.0
    In Facing the future, Belnap et al reject bivalence and propose double time reference semantics to give a pragmatic response to the following assertion problem: how can we make sense of assertions about future events made at a time when the outcomes of those events are not yet determined? MacFarlane (2003, 2008) employs the same semantics, now bolstered with a relative-truth predicate, to accommodate the following apparently conflicting intuitions regarding the truth-value of an uttered future contingent: at (...)
     
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  7. Michael Perloff & Nuel Belnap (2011). Future Contingents and the Battle Tomorrow. Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):581-602.score: 60.0
    Using Aristotle's well-known sea battle as our example, we offer a precise, intelligible analysis of future contingent assertions in the presence of indeterminism. After explaining our view of the problem, we present a picture of indeterminism in the context of a tree ofbranching histories. There follows a brief description ofthe semantic bases for our double-time-reference theory of future contingents. We then set out our account. Before concluding, we discuss some ramifications of, and alternatives to, a double-time-reference approach (...)
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  8. Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada (2008). Three-Valued Temporal Logic Q T and Future Contingents. Studia Logica 88 (2):215 - 231.score: 60.0
    Prior's three-valued modal logic Q was developed as a philosophically interesting modal logic. Thus, we should be able to modify Q as a temporal logic. Although a temporal version of Q was suggested by Prior, the subject has not been fully explored in the literature. In this paper, we develop a three-valued temporal logic $Q_t $ and give its axiomatization and semantics. We also argue that $Q_t $ provides a smooth solution to the problem of future contingents.
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  9. Jonathan Evans (2004). Boethius on Modality and Future Contingents. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):247-271.score: 60.0
    In The Consolation of Philosophy Boethius addresses two main problems posed by the problem of future contingents that shed important light on his conception of necessity and possibility: (1) a logical problem that alleges that if propositions about the future are true now then they are necessarily true, and (2) a theological problem that centers on a supposed incompatibility between divine foreknowledge and a contingent future. In contrast to established readings of the Consolation, I argue that (...)
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  10. Crispin Wright (2009). Trumping Assessments and the Aristotelian Future. Synthese 166 (2):309 - 331.score: 54.0
    In the paper we argue that truth-relativism is potentially hostage to a problem of exhibiting witnesses of its own truth. The problem for the relativist stems from acceptance of a trumping principle according to which there is a dependency between ascriptions of truth of an utterance and ascriptions of truth to other ascriptions of truth of that utterance. We argue that such a dependency indeed holds in the case of future contingents and the case of epistemic modals and (...)
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  11. Alex Malpass & Jacek Wawer (2012). A Future for the Thin Red Line. Synthese 188 (1):117-142.score: 54.0
    The thin red line ( TRL ) is a theory about the semantics of future-contingents. The central idea is that there is such a thing as the ‘actual future’, even in the presence of indeterminism. It is inspired by a famous solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge associated with William of Ockham, in which the freedom of agents is argued to be compatible with God’s omniscience. In the modern branching time setting, the theory of the TRL (...)
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  12. John MacFarlane (2003). Future Contingents and Relative Truth. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (212):321–336.score: 46.0
    If it is not now determined whether there will be a sea battle tomorrow, can an assertion that there will be one be true? The problem has persisted because there are compelling arguments on both sides. If there are objectively possible futures which would make the prediction true and others which would make it false, symmetry considerations seem to forbid counting it either true or false. Yet if we think about how we would assess the prediction tomorrow, when a sea (...)
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  13. Michael J. Shaffer (2014). Reflection, Conditionalization and Indeterminacy About the Future. The Reasoner 8:65-66.score: 46.0
    This paper shows that any view of future contingent claims that treats such claims as having indeterminate truth values or as simply being false implies probabilistic irrationality. This is because such views of the future imply violations of reflection, special reflection and conditionalization.
     
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  14. Berit Brogaard (2008). Sea Battle Semantics. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):326–335.score: 45.0
    The assumption that the future is open makes well known problems for traditional semantics. According to a commonly held intuition, today's occurrence of the sentence 'There will be a sea battle tomorrow', while truth-valueless today, will have a determinate truth-value by tomorrow night. Yet given traditional semantics, sentences that are truth-valueless now cannot later 'become' true. Relativistic semantics has been claimed to do a better job of accommodating intuitions about future contingents than non-relativistic semantics does. However, intuitions (...)
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  15. Alan Rhoda (2007). The Philosophical Case for Open Theism. Philosophia 35 (3-4):301-311.score: 45.0
    The goal of this paper is to defend open theism vis-à-vis its main competitors within the family of broadly classical theisms, namely, theological determinism and the various forms of non-open free-will theism, such as Molinism and Ockhamism. After isolating two core theses over which open theists and their opponents differ, I argue for the open theist position on both points. Specifically, I argue against theological determinists that there are future contingents. And I argue against non-open free-will theists that (...)
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  16. Michael J. Murray (1995). Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):75-108.score: 45.0
  17. Craig Bourne (2004). Future Contingents, Non-Contradiction, and the Law of Excluded Middle Muddle. Analysis 64 (2):122–128.score: 45.0
  18. Jaakko Hintikka (1964). The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione IX. Philosophical Review 73 (4):461-492.score: 45.0
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  19. Peter Adamson (2006). The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2):163-188.score: 45.0
  20. A. N. Prior (1953). Three-Valued Logic and Future Contingents. Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):317-326.score: 45.0
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  21. Andrea Iacona (2014). Ockhamism Without Thin Red Lines. Synthese 191 (12):2633-2652.score: 45.0
    This paper investigates the logic of Ockhamism, a view according to which future contingents are either true or false. Several attempts have been made to give rigorous shape to this view by defining a suitable formal semantics, but arguably none of them is fully satisfactory. The paper draws attention to some problems that beset such attempts, and suggests that these problems are different symptoms of the same initial confusion, in that they stem from the unjustified assumption that the (...)
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  22. Sven Rosenkranz (2012). In Defence of Ockhamism. Philosophia 40 (3):617-631.score: 45.0
    Ockhamism implies that future contingents may be true, their historical contingency notwithstanding. It is thus opposed to both the Peircean view according to which all future contingents are false, and Supervaluationist Indeterminism according to which all future contingents are neither true nor false. The paper seeks to defend Ockhamism against two charges: the charge that it cannot meet the requirement that truths be grounded in reality, and the charge that it proves incompatible with objective (...)
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  23. Martin M. Tweedale (2004). Future Contingents and Deflated Truthvalue Gaps. Noûs 38 (2):233–265.score: 45.0
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  24. Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle, Future Contingents. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
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  25. Calvin G. Normore (1993). Petrus Aureoli and His Contemporaries on Future Contingents and Excluded Middle. Synthese 96 (1):83 - 92.score: 45.0
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  26. William (1983). Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. Hackett Pub Co Inc.score: 45.0
  27. Andrea Iacona (forthcoming). Ockhamism and Quantified Modal Logic. Logique Et Analyse.score: 45.0
    This paper outlines a formal account of tensed sentences that is consistent with Ockhamism, a view according to which future contingents are either true or false. The account outlined substantively differs from the attempts that have been made so far to provide a formal apparatus for such a view in terms of some expressly modified version of branching time semantics. The system on which it is based is the simplest quantified modal logic.
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  28. Scott Davis (1994). The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez. Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):234-241.score: 45.0
  29. Tamar Rudavsky (1983). Divine Omiscience and Future Contingents in Gersonides. Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):513-536.score: 45.0
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  30. Christopher Kirwan (1992). The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez. International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):135-136.score: 45.0
  31. Terry Winant (1984). Trans-World Identity of Future Contingents: Sartre on Leibnizian Freedom. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):543-564.score: 45.0
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  32. Paul A. Streveler (1973). The Problem of Future Contingents. New Scholasticism 47 (2):233-247.score: 45.0
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  33. William Lane Craig (1987). John Duns Scotus on God's Foreknowledge and Future Contingents. Franciscan Studies 47 (1):98-122.score: 45.0
  34. Michael R. Baumer (1979). The Role of “Inevitability at Time T” in Aquinas' Solution to the Problem of Future Contingents. New Scholasticism 53 (2):147-167.score: 45.0
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  35. William McGuire King (1979). God's Nescience of Future Contingents. Process Studies 9 (3-4):105-115.score: 45.0
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  36. Julio Ostalé García & Adrián Pradier Sebastián (2010). Los futuros contingentes en Roberto Grosseteste, con una traducción inédita de su De veritate propositionis. Daímon:29-38.score: 45.0
    This paper is a brief introduction to the short treatise De veritate propositionis by Robert Grosseteste (XIIIth century), accompanied by an unpublished translation of the treatise, available in Spanish for the first time. In there Grosseteste comments on the problem of future contingents as it was raised by Aristotle in On Interpretation, chapter IX. Solutions due to Aristotle and Grosseteste are similar, although Grosseteste’s notion of necessity rests upon eternity rather than temporality.
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  37. Antonino Poppi (1992). The Quarrel over Future Contingents. International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):122-123.score: 45.0
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  38. Ronald J. Butler (1967). Review: Jaakko Hintikka, The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione Ix. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):402-403.score: 45.0
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  39. Proietti Carlo & Ciuni Roberto (forthcoming). The Abundance of the Future. A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents. Logic and Logical Philosophy.score: 45.0
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  40. W. Matthews Grant (2000). Counterfactuals of Freedom, Future Contingents, and the Grounding Objection to Middle Knowledge. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:307-323.score: 45.0
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  41. Derek Malone-France (2010). Introduction to Special Focus Issue on Eternal Objects and Future Contingents. Process Studies 39 (1):126-128.score: 45.0
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  42. T. M. Rudavsky (2002). Chris Schabel, Theology at Paris, 1316–1345: Peter Auriol and the Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents.(Ashgate Studies in Medieval Philosophy.) Aldershot, Eng., and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000. Pp. Xi, 368; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $89.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 77 (4):1390-1392.score: 45.0
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  43. Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada (2007). A Three-Valued Temporal Logic for Future Contingents. Logique Et Analyse 198:99-111.score: 45.0
     
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  44. 加地大介 (2009). Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic. Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.score: 45.0
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  45. Richard Bosley (1991). Leon Baudry, The Quarrel Over Future Contingents (Louvain 1465-1475) Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (3):152-156.score: 45.0
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  46. William Lane Craig (1990). Aquinas on God's Knowledge of Future Contingents. The Thomist 54 (1):33-79.score: 45.0
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  47. Jack Davidson (1996). 'Untying the Knot: Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents. History of Philosophy Quarterly 12:89-116.score: 45.0
     
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  48. G. J. Etzkorn (1996). A Symposium on God's Knowkedge of Future Contingents. Miscellanea Francescana 96 (3-4):561-571.score: 45.0
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  49. Leonard A. Kennedy, Leon Baudry & Rita Guerlac (1992). The Quarrel Over Future Contingents (Louvain 1465-75). Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):399.score: 45.0
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  50. Calvin Normore (1982). Future Contingents. In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge. 358--381.score: 45.0
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