Search results for 'Future Contingents' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Patrick Todd (2016). Future Contingents Are All False! On Behalf of a Russellian Open Future. Mind 125 (499):775-798.
    There is a familiar debate between Russell and Strawson concerning bivalence and ‘the present King of France’. According to the Strawsonian view, ‘The present King of France is bald’ is neither true nor false, whereas, on the Russellian view, that proposition is simply false. In this paper, I develop what I take to be a crucial connection between this debate and a different domain where bivalence has been at stake: future contingents. On the familiar ‘Aristotelian’ view, future (...)
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  2. Ezio Di Nucci (2012). Knowing Future Contingents. Logos and Episteme 3 (1):43-50.
    This paper argues that we know the future by applying a recent solution of the problem of future contingents to knowledge attributions about the future. MacFarlane has put forward a version of assessment-context relativism that enables us to assign a truth value 'true' (or 'false') to future contingents such as There Will Be A Sea Battle Tomorrow. Here I argue that the same solution can be applied to knowledge attributions about the future by (...)
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  3.  44
    Daisuke Kachi (2009). Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic. Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.
    Recently, Bourne constructed a system of three-valued logic that he supposed to replace Łukasiewicz’s three-valued logic in view of the problems of future contingents. In this paper, I will show first that Bourne’s system makes no improvement to Łukasiewicz’s system. However, finding some good motivations and lessons in his attempt, next I will suggest a better way of achieving his original goal in some sense. The crucial part of my way lies in reconsidering the significance of the intermediate (...)
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  4.  6
    Seiki Akama, Tetsuya Murai & Yasuo Kudo (forthcoming). Partial and Paraconsistent Approaches to Future Contingents in Tense Logic. Synthese:1-11.
    The problem of future contingents is regarded as an important philosophical problem in connection with determinism and it should be treated by tense logic. Prior’s early work focused on the problem, and later Prior studied branching-time tense logic which was invented by Kripke. However, Prior’s idea to use three-valued logic for the problem seems to be still alive. In this paper, we consider partial and paraconsistent approaches to the problem of future contingents. These approaches theoretically meet (...)
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  5.  25
    Andrea Iacona (2007). Future Contingents and Aristotle's Fantasy (Los futuros contingentes y la fantasía de Aristóteles). Critica 39 (117):45 - 60.
    This paper deals with the problem of future contingents, and focuses on two classical logical principles, excluded middle and bivalence. One may think that different attitudes are to be adopted towards these two principles in order to solve the problem. According to what seems to be a widely held hypothesis, excluded middle must be accepted while bivalence must be rejected. The paper goes against that line of thought. In the first place, it shows how the rejection of bivalence (...)
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  6.  22
    Roberto Ciuni & Carlo Proietti (2013). The Abundance of the Future. A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents. Logic and Logical Philosophy 22 (1):21-43.
    Supervaluationism holds that the future is undetermined, and as a consequence of this, statements about the future may be neither true nor false. In the present paper, we explore the novel and quite different view that the future is abundant: statements about the future do not lack truth-value, but may instead be glutty, that is both true and false. We will show that (1) the logic resulting from this “abundance of the future” is a non-adjunctive (...)
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  7. Robertus Holkot, Paul A. Streveler, Katherine H. Tachau & Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies (1995). Seeing the Future Clearly Questions on Future Contingents.
     
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  8.  37
    Paula Sweeney (2015). Future Contingents, Indeterminacy and Context. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):408-422.
    In Facing the Future, Belnap et al. reject bivalence and propose double time reference semantics to give a pragmatic response to the following assertion problem: how can we make sense of assertions about future events made at a time when the outcomes of those events are not yet determined? John MacFarlane employs the same semantics, now bolstered with a relative-truth predicate, to accommodate the following apparently conflicting intuitions regarding the truth-value of an uttered future contingent: at the (...)
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  9. Michael Perloff & Nuel Belnap (2011). Future Contingents and the Battle Tomorrow. Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):581-602.
    Using Aristotle's well-known sea battle as our example, we offer a precise, intelligible analysis of future contingent assertions in the presence of indeterminism. After explaining our view of the problem, we present a picture of indeterminism in the context of a tree ofbranching histories. There follows a brief description ofthe semantic bases for our double-time-reference theory of future contingents. We then set out our account. Before concluding, we discuss some ramifications of, and alternatives to, a double-time-reference approach (...)
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  10.  56
    Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada (2008). Three-Valued Temporal Logic Q T and Future Contingents. Studia Logica 88 (2):215-231.
    Prior's three-valued modal logic Q was developed as a philosophically interesting modal logic. Thus, we should be able to modify Q as a temporal logic. Although a temporal version of Q was suggested by Prior, the subject has not been fully explored in the literature. In this paper, we develop a three-valued temporal logic $Q_t $ and give its axiomatization and semantics. We also argue that $Q_t $ provides a smooth solution to the problem of future contingents.
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  11.  73
    Peter Adamson (2006). The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2):163-188.
    Ancient commentators like Ammonius and Boethius tried to solve Aristotle's “sea battle argument” in On Interpretation 9 by saying that statements about future contingents are “indefinitely” true or false. They were followed by al-Fārābī in his commentary on On Interpretation. The article sets out two possible interpretations of what “indefinitely” means here, and shows that al-Fārābī actually has both conceptions: one applied in his interpretation of Aristotle, and another that he is forced into by the problem of divine (...)
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  12.  23
    Jonathan Evans (2004). Boethius on Modality and Future Contingents. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):247-271.
    In The Consolation of Philosophy Boethius addresses two main problems posed by the problem of future contingents that shed important light on his conception of necessity and possibility: (1) a logical problem that alleges that if propositions about the future are true now then they are necessarily true, and (2) a theological problem that centers on a supposed incompatibility between divine foreknowledge and a contingent future. In contrast to established readings of the Consolation, I argue that (...)
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  13. Peter Adamson (2006). The Arabic Sea Battle: Al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2).
    Ancient commentators like Ammonius and Boethius tried to solve Aristotle's “sea battle argument” in On Interpretation 9 by saying that statements about future contingents are “indefinitely” true or false. They were followed by al-Fārābī in his commentary on On Interpretation. The article sets out two possible interpretations of what “indefinitely” means here, and shows that al-Fārābī actually has both conceptions: one applied in his interpretation of Aristotle, and another that he is forced into by the problem of divine (...)
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  14.  1
    Jonathan Roger Evans (2001). The Boethian Solution to the Problem of Future Contingents and its Unorthodox Rivals. Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    One concern bothering ancient and medieval philosophers is the logical worry discussed in Aristotle's De Interpretatione 9, that if future contingent propositions are true, then they are settled in a way that is incompatible with freedom. Another is if we grant God foreknowledge of future contingent events then God's foreknowledge will determine those events in a way precluding freedom. ;I begin by discussing the standard compatibilist solution to these problems as represented in Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy and then (...)
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  15. John MacFarlane (2003). Future Contingents and Relative Truth. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (212):321–336.
    If it is not now determined whether there will be a sea battle tomorrow, can an assertion that there will be one be true? The problem has persisted because there are compelling arguments on both sides. If there are objectively possible futures which would make the prediction true and others which would make it false, symmetry considerations seem to forbid counting it either true or false. Yet if we think about how we would assess the prediction tomorrow, when a sea (...)
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  16.  78
    Simo Knuuttila (2010). Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione. Vivarium 48 (1-2):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's De Interpretatione . While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with (...)
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  17.  35
    Peter Øhrstrøm & Per Hasle, Future Contingents. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  18. Craig Bourne (2004). Future Contingents, Non-Contradiction, and the Law of Excluded Middle Muddle. Analysis 64 (2):122–128.
  19. Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada (2007). A Three-Valued Temporal Logic for Future Contingents. Logique Et Analyse 198:99-111.
     
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  20.  26
    Martin M. Tweedale (2004). Future Contingents and Deflated Truthvalue Gaps. Noûs 38 (2):233–265.
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  21.  41
    A. N. Prior (1953). Three-Valued Logic and Future Contingents. Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):317-326.
  22.  94
    Michael J. Murray (1995). Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):75-108.
  23.  86
    Jaakko Hintikka (1964). The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione IX. Philosophical Review 73 (4):461-492.
  24.  5
    C. Bourne (2004). Future Contingents, Non-Contradiction, and the Law of Excluded Middle Muddle. Analysis 64 (2):122-128.
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  25. Ronald J. Butler (1967). Review: Jaakko Hintikka, The Once and Future Sea Fight: Aristotle's Discussion of Future Contingents in de Interpretatione Ix. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):402-403.
     
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  26.  34
    Scott Davis (1994). The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez. Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):234-241.
  27.  39
    Calvin G. Normore (1993). Petrus Aureoli and His Contemporaries on Future Contingents and Excluded Middle. Synthese 96 (1):83 - 92.
  28.  24
    Christopher Kirwan (1992). The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents From Aristotle to Suarez. International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):135-136.
  29.  28
    Tamar Rudavsky (1983). Divine Omiscience and Future Contingents in Gersonides. Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):513-536.
  30.  19
    W. Matthews Grant (2000). Counterfactuals of Freedom, Future Contingents, and the Grounding Objection to Middle Knowledge. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:307-323.
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  31.  3
    Leonard A. Kennedy, Leon Baudry & Rita Guerlac (1992). The Quarrel Over Future Contingents. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):399.
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  32.  11
    William Lane Craig (1987). John Duns Scotus on God's Foreknowledge and Future Contingents. Franciscan Studies 47 (1):98-122.
  33.  6
    John Boler (1997). Seeing the Future Clearly: Questions on Future Contingents by Robert Holcot. [REVIEW] Speculum 72 (3):834-836.
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  34. Richard Bosley (1991). Leon Baudry, The Quarrel Over Future Contingents (Louvain 1465-1475) Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (3):152-156.
     
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  35.  6
    David A. Pailin (1971). William Ockham. Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents Translated with an Introduction, Notes and Appendices by Marilyn McCord Adams and Norman Kretzmann, Pp. 136. Century Philosophy Sourcebooks, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1969. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 7 (3):285.
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  36.  13
    William McGuire King (1979). God's Nescience of Future Contingents. Process Studies 9 (3-4):105-115.
  37.  12
    Paul A. Streveler (1973). The Problem of Future Contingents. New Scholasticism 47 (2):233-247.
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  38.  34
    William Ockham (1983). Predestination, Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. Indianapolis: Hackett.
    INTRODUCTION OCKHAM'S LIFE AND THE DATE OF THE TREATISE William Ockham, a highly influential philosopher of the fourteenth century and one of the most ...
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  39.  29
    William (1983). Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. Hackett Pub Co Inc.
  40.  7
    Proietti Carlo & Ciuni Roberto (forthcoming). The Abundance of the Future. A Paraconsistent Approach to Future Contingents. Logic and Logical Philosophy.
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  41.  11
    Michael R. Baumer (1979). The Role of “Inevitability at Time T” in Aquinas' Solution to the Problem of Future Contingents. New Scholasticism 53 (2):147-167.
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  42.  12
    Terry Winant (1984). Trans-World Identity of Future Contingents: Sartre on Leibnizian Freedom. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):543-564.
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  43.  8
    Antonino Poppi (1992). The Quarrel over Future Contingents. International Studies in Philosophy 24 (3):122-123.
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  44.  1
    Seiki Akama, Yasunori Nagata & Chikatoshi Yamada (2008). Three-Valued Temporal Logic Q T and Future Contingents. Studia Logica 88 (2):215-231.
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  45. Calvin Normore (1982). Future Contingents. In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge 358--381.
  46.  3
    T. M. Rudavsky (2002). Chris Schabel, Theology at Paris, 1316–1345: Peter Auriol and the Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents.(Ashgate Studies in Medieval Philosophy.) Aldershot, Eng., and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000. Pp. Xi, 368; Black-and-White Frontispiece. $89.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 77 (4):1390-1392.
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  47. William Ockham, Marilyn Mccord Adams & Norman Kretzmann (1971). Predestination, God's Foreknowledge, and Future Contingents. Religious Studies 7 (3):285-287.
     
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  48.  4
    Derek Malone-France (2010). Introduction to Special Focus Issue on Eternal Objects and Future Contingents. Process Studies 39 (1):126-128.
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  49.  2
    加地大介 (2009). Bourne on Future Contingents and Three-Valued Logic. Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (1):33-43.
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  50. John Boler (1997). Seeing the Future Clearly: Questions on Future Contingents by Robert Holcot.Robert Holcot Paul A. Streveler Katherine H. Tachau Hester Goodenough Gelber William J. Courtenay. [REVIEW] Speculum 72 (3):834-836.
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