Search results for 'G. A. Briefs' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    G. A. Briefs (1939). The Philosophy of the Democratic State. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 15:36-50.
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    P. P. J. (1899). Brief Notices Xenophon. Hellenica I, II. Edited with Introduction and Notes by G. M. Edwards. Pp. Xlviii., 168. Cambridge University Press. 1899. Price 3s. 6d. Suetonius. History of Twelve Caesars. The Works of Horake Rendered Into English Prose. With Life, Introduction, and Notes by William Coutts, M.A., Senior Classical Master, George Watson's College, Edinburgh; Formerly Assistant Professor of Humanity in the University of Aberdeen. Pp. Xxxi., 240. Longmans. 1898. Price 5s. Nett. Schanz. Geschichte der Römisehen Litteratur. I. Theil. Die Römische Litteratur in der Zeit der Republik (2nd Ed.). Beck, M¨Nchen. 1898. Pp. Xviii., 421. Mk. 7·50. Latin Manuscripts. An Elementary Introduction to the Use of Critical Editions for High School and College Classes. By Harold W. Johnston, Ph.D., Professor of Latin in the University of Indiana, Chicago. Scott, Foreman & Company. 1897. Pp. 135, with Plates and Illustrations. Price $3. Carmina Anglica Latine Reddidit Leo Josia Richardson, Sancti Fra. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (08):410-414.
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    Michael Hanaghan (2015). Papers on Sidonius Apollinaris. J.A. Van Waarden, G. Kelly New Approaches to Sidonius Apollinaris. With Indices on Helga Köhler, C. Sollius Apollinaris Sidonius: Briefe Buch I. Pp. XIV + 397. Leuven, Paris and Walpole, Ma: Peeters, 2013. Cased, €89. Isbn: 978-90-429-2928-9. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 65 (1):163-165.
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  4.  44
    Sami Pihlström (2009). The Conduct of Life: A Philosophical Reading, Ralph Waldo Emerson By H.G. Callaway (Ed.) Society and Solitude: Twelve Chapters. A New Study Edition, with Notes, Philosophical Commentary and Historical Contextualization, Ralph Waldo Emerson By H.G. Callaway (Ed.) A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy. A New Philosophical Reading, William James By H.G. Callaway (Ed.). [REVIEW] Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (3):444-449.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary American society. -/- A (...)
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  5.  8
    S. B. G. Park & A. H. Young (1994). Connectionism and Psychiatry: A Brief Review. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):51-58.
  6.  1
    Cristian Timmermann (2013). Justifying Pro-Poor Innovation in the Life Sciences: A Brief Overview of the Ethical Landscape. In Helena Röcklinsberg & Per Sandin (eds.), The ethics of consumption. Wageningen Academic Publishers 341-346.
    An idea is a public good. The use of an idea by one person does not hinder others to benefit from the same idea. However in order to generate new life-saving ideas, e.g. inventions in the life sciences, a huge amount of human and material resources are needed. Powerful, but highly criticized tools to speed up the rate of innovation are exclusive rights, most prominently the use of patents and plant breeders’ rights. Exclusive rights leave by nature a number of (...)
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  7.  2
    Vern L. Bullough, Bonnie Bullough, M. J. Alhabeeb, R. Barlow, A. Sen, S. Begley, M. Hager, V. Chen, G. Piel & K. O. Emery (1994). A Brief History of Population Control and Contraception. Free Inquiry 14 (2):16-22.
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  8. Georges Moyal (1999). A Brief Note on Clarity and Distinctness in Descartes's First Meditation. Studia Leibnitiana 31 (1):91-98.
    Lorsqu'il aborde les vérités de mathématiques dans la «I re Méditation», Descartes ne dit pas si la perception qu'il en a est claire et distincte ou non. Certains, dont H. G. Frankfurt, persuadés que Descartes tient pour impossible la révocation en doute du clair et distinct, estiment que cette perception est nécessairement obscure et confuse. S'appuyant sur divers textes, Frankfurt verrait d'ailleurs en lui à ce moment-là un empiriste naïf. Nous tentons ici l'hypothèse contraire en attribuant le silence de Descartes (...)
     
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  9.  6
    Vladimir G. Pestov (2008). Hyperlinear and Sofic Groups: A Brief Guide. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):449-480.
    This is an introductory survey of the emerging theory of two new classes of (discrete, countable) groups, called hyperlinear and sofic groups. They can be characterized as subgroups of metric ultraproducts of families of, respectively, unitary groups U (n) and symmetric groups $S_{n},\ n\in {\Bbb N}$ . Hyperlinear groups come from theory of operator algebras (Connes' Embedding Problem), while sofic groups, introduced by Gromov, are motivated by a problem of symbolic dynamics (Gottschalk's Surjunctivity Conjecture). Open questions are numerous, in particular (...)
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  10.  1
    Judith G. Proudfoot, Tanya Bubner, Cheryl Amoroso, Edward Swan, Christine Holton, Julie Winstanley, Justin Beilby & Mark F. Harris (2009). Chronic Care Team Profile: A Brief Tool to Measure the Structure and Function of Chronic Care Teams in General Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (4):692-698.
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  11.  15
    Thomas R. Weihrauch (2004). Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
    The placebo drug reactions from controlled trials were studied for the first time systematically for efficacy and the safety in drug data pooled from randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies. Results: The efficacy of placebo on clinical symptoms and outcome varied between the therapeutic indications. However, no placebo effects on laboratory values, as e.g. blood glucose or Hb1c in diabetics, were noted. The frequency and type of placebo-induced adverse reactions also varied between indication groups. The placebo side effect profile was largely similar (...)
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  12.  22
    Matthew Donald, A Brief Summary.
    Quantum theory is highly successful in explaining properties of classes of systems: e.g. chemistry --- molecular binding energies optics --- frequency-dependent susceptibilities superconductivity --- energy gaps nuclear magnetic resonance --- chemical shifts particle physics --- scattering cross-sections cosmology --- helium abundance but many questions arise: What does quantum theory tell us about the nature of reality? Is quantum theory universally valid? Can quantum theory describe individual events? Can quantum theory be applied consistently at the macroscopic level? Is an algorithmic treatment (...)
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  13.  5
    Prof Dr Thomas R. Weihrauch (2004). Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
    The placebo drug reactions from controlled trials were studied for the first time systematically for efficacy and the safety in drug data pooled from randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies. Results: The efficacy of placebo on clinical symptoms and outcome varied between the therapeutic indications. However, no placebo effects on laboratory values, as e.g. blood glucose or Hb1c in diabetics, were noted. The frequency and type of placebo-induced adverse reactions also varied between indication groups. The placebo side effect profile was largely similar (...)
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  14.  9
    Paul G. Heltne (2011). Paleontology: A Brief History of Life by Ian Tattersall. Zygon 46 (3):765-767.
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  15.  5
    Edward G. Ballard (1963). A Brief Introduction to the Philosophy of Martin Heidegger. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 12:106-151.
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  16.  0
    Deborah G. Johnson, A Brief Communication On Job Information.
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  17.  1
    R. G. M. Nisbet (1981). Guy Lee: Virgil's Eclogues. The Latin Text with a Verse Translation and Brief Notes (Liverpool Latin Texts (Classical and Medieval), 1.) Pp. Vii + 88. Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1980. Paper, £4. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 31 (02):290-.
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  18.  54
    Thomas W. Dunfee (2006). A Critical Perspective of Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Recurring Criticisms and Next Generation Research Topics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):303 - 328.
    During the past ten years Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) has become part of the repertoire of specialized decision-oriented theories in the business ethics literature. The intention here is to (1)␣provide a brief overview of the structure and strengths of ISCT; (2) identify recurring themes in the extensive commentary on the theory including brief mention of how ISCT has been applied outside the business ethics literature; (3) describe where research appears to be headed; and (4) specify challenges faced by those (...)
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  19.  35
    Leah A. Lievrouw (2011). Social Media and the Production of Knowledge: A Return to Little Science? Social Epistemology 24 (3):219-237.
    In the classic study Little science, big science (New York: Columbia University Press, 1963), Derek Price traces the historical shift from what he calls little science?exemplified by early?modern ?invisible colleges? of scientific amateurs and enthusiasts engaged in small?scale, informal interactions and personal correspondence?to 20th?century big science, dominated by professional scientists and wealthy institutions, where scientific information (primarily in print form and its analogues) was mass?produced, marketed and circulated on a global scale. This article considers whether the growing use of more (...)
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  20.  10
    David A. Washburn (1997). The MacKay-Skinner Debate: A Case for “Nothing Buttery”. Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):473 – 479.
    Donald M. MacKay believed that freedom of action and human dignity are compatible with a science of behavior. In 1971 he argued this position with B.F. Skinner in a televised debate. After a brief biography of MacKay, several major points from this debate will be reviewed. The discussion serves to emphasize the correspondence rather than competition between levels of analysis, whether the levels are disciplinary (e.g. psychology, neuroscience, physics) or a matter of perspective (inside story, outside story).
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  21.  0
    Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel (1990). Information Technology From a Knowledge System Perspective: Concepts and Issues. [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  22.  6
    Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse (2013). Clarifying Cohen: A Response to Jubb and Hall. Res Publica 19 (4):371-379.
    In this brief essay, we clarify Cohen’s ‘Facts and Principles’ argument, and then argue that the objections posed by two recent critiques of Cohen—Robert Jubb (Res Publica 15:337–353, 2009) and Edward Hall (Res Publica 19:173–181, 2013)—look especially vulnerable to the charge of being self-defeating. It may still be that Cohen’s view concerning facts and principles is false. Our aim here is merely to show that two recent attempts to demonstrate its falsity are unlikely to succeed.
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  23. William B. Starr, A Preference Semantics for Imperatives.
    There is a rich canon of work on the meaning of imperative sentences, e.g. "Dance!", in philosophy and much recent research in linguistics has made its own exciting advances. However, in this paper I argue that three observations about English imperatives are problematic for approaches from both traditions. In response, I offer a new analysis according to which the meaning of an imperative is identified with the characteristic effect its uses have on the agents’ attitudes. More specifically: an imperative’s meaning (...)
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  24. Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi (2010). The Multiplicity of Self: Neuropsychological Evidence and its Implications for the Self as a Construct in Psychological Research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue of what the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the self may be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally (...)
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  25.  6
    Torsten Marcus Breden & Jochen Vollmann (2004). The Cognitive Based Approach of Capacity Assessment in Psychiatry: A Philosophical Critique of the MacCAT-T. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (4):273-283.
    This article gives a brief introduction to the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T) and critically examines its theoretical presuppositions. On the basis of empirical, methodological and ethical critique it is emphasised that the cognitive bias that underlies the MacCAT-T assessment needs to be modified. On the one hand it has to be admitted that the operationalisation of competence in terms of value-free categories, e.g. rational decision abilities, guarantees objectivity to a great extent; but on the other hand it bears severe (...)
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  26.  12
    Igor Hanzel (2008). Scientific Laws and Scientific Explanations: A Differentiated Typology. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (3):323-344.
    The paper tries to provide an alternative to C. G. Hempel’s approach to scientific laws and scientific explanation as given in his D-N model. It starts with a brief exposition of the main characteristics of Hempel’s approach to deductive explanations based on universal scientific laws and analyzes the problems and paradoxes inherent in this approach. By way of solution, it analyzes the scientific laws and explanations in classical mechanics and then reconstructs the corresponding models of explanation, as well as the (...)
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  27.  4
    Maksymilian Del Mar (2015). Must We Play to Win? A Reply to Morgan. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (2):266-272.
    This paper offers a brief reply to William Morgan’s critique of my review of Andrei Marmor’s Social Conventions . Morgan’s principal critique is that I am wrong to think that the constitutive rules of games do not determine their aims and values. In particular, with regards to chess, Morgan argues that the rules of chess determine that the aim of playing chess is to win the game. I defend my position that one can play the game of chess without the (...)
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  28. Chi-Chun Chiu (1994). Peirce's Early Concept of Reality: A Study in His Early Metaphysics. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    This dissertation is a study in Peirce's early metaphysics embedded in his writings between 1859 and 1867, which have received scant attention. Its purpose is to unravel his concept of reality and some relevant epistemological notions. Peirce's early metaphysical speculations can be divided into two parts. One is a system which covers thought between 1859 and 1862. The other manifests in lectures and writings between 1863 and 1867. The present study, consisting of five chapters, includes both of them. ;Murray G. (...)
     
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  29. Eva Dvoranova (2009). The Concept of a Scholar in the Philosophy of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Filozofia 64 (4):369-374.
    The paper deals with the position of a scholar in the society, as articulated in the philosophy of J. G. Fichte. It also offers a brief outline of the philosophies of education of the 18th and 19th centuries and their differences. It shows different interpretations of the concept of Bildung in German philosophy, which in that time became almost a “fashion”. The spirit of that time is reflected also in the idealist views of J. G. Fichte, especially those concerning education, (...)
     
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  30.  35
    William James (ed.) (2008). A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy, by William James; A New Philosophical Reading. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary American society. -/- A (...)
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  31. Howard Pollio & Tracy Henley (1991). Empirical and Philosophical Reactions to Harcum's "Behavioral Paradigm for a Psychological Resolution of the Free Will Issue". Journal of Mind and Behavior 12 (1):115-134.
    This paper begins with a brief description and analysis of Harcum's "Behavioral Paradigm for a Psychological Resolution of the Free Will Issue" focusing on issues concerning first-person and third-person perspectives in psychological research and theory. This consideration is expanded to cover a variety of related issues including "unconscious processes" and philosophical discussions of free will. Two studies, similar to Harcum's original study, but analyzed from a first-person perspective, are reported and contrasted with Harcum's work. Results of these studies reveal that (...)
     
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  32. Krzysztof Saja (2015). Etyka normatywna. Między konsekwencjalizmem a deontologią. Universitas.
    The primary goal of this monograph is to justify the possibility of building a hybrid theory of normative ethics which can combine ethical consequentialism, deontology and virtue ethics. The aim of the book is to demonstrate the possibility of constructing a synthetic theory from ethical traditions that are generally considered to be contradictory. In addition, I propose an outline of an original theory which tries to carry out such a synthesis. I call it Institutional Function Consequentialism. The justification for a (...)
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  33.  89
    Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi (2010). The Multiplicity of Self: Neuropsychological Evidence and its Implications for the Self as a Construct in Psychological Research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue ofwhat the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the selfmay be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally independent systems. (...)
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  34.  8
    George Shields (2014). The Return of Radical Theology: A Critical Examination of Peterson and Zbaraschuk, Eds., Resurrecting the Death of God. Process Studies 43 (2):29-46.
    This review article critically examines the anthology Resurrecting the Death of God: The Origins, Influence, and Return of Radical Theology, edited by Daniel Peterson and G. Michael Zbaraschuk . After making brief but largely appreciative summary comments on a number of essays, the article focuses attention on contributions by John Cobb on the theology of Altizer, John Roth on Levinas, and J. W. Robbins on the politics of de Tocqueville's concept of God. Suggestions are provided for inclusion of a wider (...)
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  35.  54
    Serge Grigoriev (2012). Dewey: A Pragmatist View of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (2):173-194.
    Despite the centrality of the idea of history to Dewey's overall philosophical outlook, his brief treatment of philosophical issues in history has never attracted much attention, partly because of the dearth of the available material. Nonetheless, as argued in this essay, what we do have provides for the outlines of a comprehensive pragmatist view of history distinguished by an emphasis on methodological pluralism and a principled opposition to thinking of historical knowledge in correspondence terms. The key conceptions of Dewey's philosophy (...)
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  36.  29
    H. Tristram Engelhardt & Fabrice Jotterand (2004). The Precautionary Principle: A Dialectical Reconsideration. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):301 – 312.
    This essay examines an overlooked element of the precautionary principle: a prudent assessment of the long-range or remote catastrophes possibly associated with technological development must include the catastrophes that may take place because of the absence of such technologies. In short, this brief essay attempts to turn the precautionary principle on its head by arguing that, (1) if the long-term survival of any life form is precarious, and if the survival of the current human population is particularly precarious, especially given (...)
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  37.  5
    H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr & Fabrice Jotterand (2004). The Precautionary Principle: A Dialectical Reconsideration. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):301-312.
    This essay examines an overlooked element of the precautionary principle: a prudent assessment of the long-range or remote catastrophes possibly associated with technological development must include the catastrophes that may take place because of the absence of such technologies. In short, this brief essay attempts to turn the precautionary principle on its head by arguing that, (1) if the long-term survival of any life form is precarious, and if the survival of the current human population is particularly precarious, especially given (...)
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  38.  46
    M. D'Cruz (2000). A Theory of Ordinary Proper Names. Mind 109 (436):721-756.
    It is widely believed that the semantic function of an ordinary proper name (e.g. 'Aristotle') is inexplicable in terms of the semantic function of an ordinary definite description (e.g. 'the last great ancient philosopher'), given a Russellian analysis of the latter. This paper questions this belief by suggesting a possible semantic explication. In brief, I propose that an ordinary proper name is a mere placeholder for an arbitrary ordinary definite description true of a given individual. The proposal is set out (...)
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  39.  7
    A. I. Hernández, G. Carrault, F. Mora & A. Bardou (2000). Overview of Carmem: A New Dynamic Quantitative Cardiac Model for ECG Monitoring and its Adaptation to Observed Signals. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (3-4):303-322.
    Different approaches have been proposed in order to achieve knowledge integration for coronary care monitoring applications, usually in the form of expert systems. The clinical impact of these expert systems, which are based only on "shallow" knowledge, has not been remarkable due to the difficulties associated with the construction and maintenance of a complete knowledge base. Model-based systems represent an alternative to these problems because they allow efficient integration of the "deep" knowledge on the underlying physiological phenomena being monitored. In (...)
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  40.  20
    A. -C. Leiviskä Deland, G. Karlsson & H. Fatouros-Bergman (2011). A Phenomenological Analysis of the Psychotic Experience. Human Studies 34 (1):23-42.
    Six individuals with experience of psychosis were interviewed about their psychotic experiences. The material was analyzed using the empirical phenomenological psychological method. The results consist of a whole meaning structure, a gestalt, entailing the following characteristics: The feeling of estrangement in relationship to the world; the dissolution of time; the loss of intuitive social knowledge; the alienation of oneself, and finally; the loss of intentionality/loss of agency. In brief, the results show that an altered perception of the self and the (...)
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  41.  25
    Igor Hanzel (2008). Idealizations and Concretizations in Laws and Explanations in Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (2):273 - 301.
    The paper tries to provide an alternative to Hempel’s approach to scientific laws and scientific explanation as given in his D-N model. It starts with a brief exposition of the main characteristics of Hempel’s approach to deductive explanations based on universal scientific laws and analyzes the problems and paradoxes inherent in this approach. By way of solution, it analyzes the scientific laws and explanations in classical mechanics and then reconstructs the corresponding models of explanation, as well as the types of (...)
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  42. Christopher J. G. Meacham (2010). Contemporary Approaches to Statistical Mechanical Probabilities: A Critical Commentary - Part I: The Indifference Approach. Philosophy Compass 5 (12):1116-1126.
    This pair of articles provides a critical commentary on contemporary approaches to statistical mechanical probabilities. These articles focus on the two ways of understanding these probabilities that have received the most attention in the recent literature: the epistemic indifference approach, and the Lewis-style regularity approach. These articles describe these approaches, highlight the main points of contention, and make some attempts to advance the discussion. The first of these articles provides a brief sketch of statistical mechanics, and discusses the indifference approach (...)
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  43.  18
    Robert G. Hudson (1999). Mesosomes: A Study in the Nature of Experimental Reasoning. Philosophy of Science 66 (2):289-309.
    Culp (1994) provides a defense for a form of experimental reasoning entitled 'robustness'. Her strategy is to examine a recent episode in experimental microbiology--the case of the mistaken discovery of a bacterial organelle called a 'mesosome'--with an eye to showing how experimenters effectively used robust experimental reasoning (or could have used robust reasoning) to refute the existence of the mesosome. My plan is to criticize Culp's assessment of the mesosome episode and to cast doubt on the epistemic significance of robustness. (...)
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  44.  12
    Carolyn Erdener, Pedro G. Márquez Pérez & Joaquin Flores Mendez (2007). A Practical Approach to Managing Ethics and Corruption Across Cultures. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:21-26.
    This paper describes a novel diagramming technique that we have found useful for highlighting differences in the work values of countries located within a single cultural region, followed by a brief demonstration of its application to countries in two regions (Latin America and the Mediterranean) with regard to managing corruption. We also indicate a few of the various ways that this technique can be used, such as to identify similarities between countries that are not in the same cultural region, yet (...)
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  45.  24
    David G. Stern, Gabriel Citron & Brian Rogers (forthcoming). Moore's Notes on Wittgenstein's Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933: Text, Context, and Content. Nordic Wittgenstein Review.
    Wittgenstein’s writings and lectures during the first half of the 1930s play a crucial role in any interpretation of the relationship between the Tractatus and the Philosophical Investigations . G. E. Moore’s notes of Wittgenstein’s Cambridge lectures, 1930-1933, offer us a remarkably careful and conscientious record of what Wittgenstein said at the time, and are much more detailed and reliable than previously published notes from those lectures. The co-authors are currently editing these notes of Wittgenstein’s lectures for a book to (...)
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  46.  51
    Maureen A. O’Malley (2008). 'Everything is Everywhere: But the Environment Selects': Ubiquitous Distribution and Ecological Determinism in Microbial Biogeography. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):314-325.
    Recent discoveries of geographical patterns in microbial distribution are undermining microbiology’s exclusively ecological explanations of biogeography and their fundamental assumption that ‘everything is everywhere: but the environment selects’. This statement was generally promulgated by Dutch microbiologist Martinus Wilhelm Beijerinck early in the twentieth century and specifically articulated in 1934 by his compatriot, Lourens G. M. Baas Becking. The persistence of this precept throughout twentieth-century microbiology raises a number of issues in relation to its formulation and widespread acceptance. This paper will (...)
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  47.  5
    Randall A. Poole (2006). Isaiah Berlin and Andrzej Walicki as Intellectual Historians and Liberal Philosophers. Dialogue and Universalism 16 (1-2):73-79.
    This essay is a brief comparison of Isaiah Berlin and Andrzej Walicki as intellectual historians and liberal philosophers, written in response to G. M. Hamburg’s major essay, “Closed Societies, Open Minds”.
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  48.  7
    P. A. Marchetti (2010). Spin-Statistics Transmutation in Quantum Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 40 (7):746-764.
    Spin-statistics transmutation is the phenomenon occurring when a “dressing” transformation introduced for physical reasons (e.g. gauge invariance) modifies the “bare” spin and statistics of particles or fields. Historically, it first appeared in Quantum Mechanics and in semiclassical approximation to Quantum Field Theory. After a brief historical introduction, we sketch how to describe such phenomenon in Quantum Field Theory beyond the semiclassical approximation, using a path-integral formulation of euclidean correlation functions, exemplifying with anyons, dyons and skyrmions.
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  49.  13
    Ronald A. Beghetto (2002). Thinking About the Outside Ot the Box. Inquiry 21 (2):33-39.
    Post-secondary students in the applied professions (e.g., business, education, psychology) often see the value of creativity to their future work, but have never had the opportunity to critically examine their assumptions about creativity. A more critically examined and substantiated understanding of creativity can go a long way in helping pre-professional students consider how creativity might be best applied and cultivated in their future professional work. The purpose of this article is to discuss how principles of critical thinking can be brought (...)
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    G. Fay Edwards (2014). Irrational Animals in Porphyry’s Logical Works: A Problem for the Consensus Interpretation of On Abstinence. Phronesis 59 (1):22-43.
    In book 3 of On Abstinence from Animal Food, Porphyry is traditionally taken to argue that animals are rational and that it is, therefore, unjust to kill them for food. Since the vast majority of scholars endorse this interpretation, I call it ‘the consensus interpretation’. Yet, strangely enough, elsewhere in his corpus Porphyry claims that the non-human animals are irrational. Jonathan Barnes notices this discrepancy and suggests that an appeal to the distinction between specific and non-specific predication can resolve the (...)
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