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Giovanni Boniolo [41]G. Boniolo [4]
  1. Giovanni Boniolo, Theories and Models: Really Old Hat?
    In this paper the topic of the relations between scientific theories and scientific models is tackled by considering the former as hypothetical scientific representations and the latter as fictive scientific representations. A classification of the models is also proposed.
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  2. Giovanni Boniolo, Browse Papers.
    Recent discussion of mechanism has suggested new approaches to several issues in the philosophy of science, including theory structure, causal explanation, and reductionism. Here, I apply what I take to be the fruits of the 'new mechanical philosophy' to an analysis of a contemporary debate in evolutionary biology about the role of natural selection in speciation. Traditional accounts of that debate focus on the geographic context of genetic divergence--namely, whether divergence in the absence of geographic isolation is possible (or significant). (...)
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  3. Giuseppe Schiavone, Gabriele De Anna, Matteo Mameli, Vincenzo Rebba & Giovanni Boniolo (forthcoming). Libertarian Paternalism and Health Care Policy: A Deliberative Proposal. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-11.
    Cass Sunstein and Richard Thaler have been arguing for what they named libertarian paternalism (henceforth LP). Their proposal generated extensive debate as to how and whether LP might lead down a full-blown paternalistic slippery slope. LP has the indubitable merit of having hardwired the best of the empirical psychological and sociological evidence into public and private policy making. It is unclear, though, to what extent the implementation of policies so constructed could enhance the capability for the exercise of an autonomous (...)
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  4. Giovanni Boniolo (2013). Is an Account of Identity Necessary for Bioethics? What Post-Genomic Biomedicine Can Teach Us. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):401-411.
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  5. Giovanni Boniolo (2013). Le Regole E Il Sudore: Divagazioni Su Sport E Filosofia. R. Cortina.
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  6. Giovanni Boniolo (2013). On Molecular Mechanisms and Contexts of Physical Explanation. Biological Theory 7 (3):256-265.
    In this article, two issues regarding mechanisms are discussed. The first concerns the relationships between “mechanism description” and “mechanism explanation.” It is proposed that it is rather plausible to think of them as two distinct epistemic acts. The second deals with the different molecular biology explanatory contexts, and it is shown that some of them require physics and its laws.
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  7. Giovanni Boniolo, Introduction' to the Section 'Philosophy of Biology.
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  8. Giovanni Boniolo, Pier Paolo di Fiore & Salvatore Pece (2012). Trusted Consent and Research Biobanks: Towards a 'New Alliance' Between Researchers and Donors. Bioethics 26 (2):93-100.
    We argue that, in the case of research biobanks, there is a need to replace the currently used informed consent with trusted consent. Accordingly, we introduce a proposal for the structure of the latter. Further, we discuss some of the issues that can be addressed effectively through our proposal. In particular, we illustrate: i) which research should be authorized by donors; ii) how to regulate access to information; iii) the fundamental role played by a Third Party Authority in assuring compliance (...)
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  9. Giovanni Boniolo & Giuseppe Testa (2012). The Identity of Living Beings, Epigenetics, and the Modesty of Philosophy. Erkenntnis 76 (2):279-298.
    Two problems related to the biological identity of living beings are faced: the who-problem (which are the biological properties making that living being unique and different from the others?); the persistence-problem (what does it take for a living being to persist from a time to another?). They are discussed inside a molecular biology framework, which shows how epigenetics can be a good ground to provide plausible answers. That is, we propose an empirical solution to the who-problem and to the persistence-problem (...)
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  10. Giovanni Boniolo & Silvio Valentini (2012). Objects: A Study in Kantian Formal Epistemology. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 53 (4):457-478.
    We propose a formal representation of objects , those being mathematical or empirical objects. The powerful framework inside which we represent them in a unique and coherent way is grounded, on the formal side, in a logical approach with a direct mathematical semantics in the well-established field of constructive topology, and, on the philosophical side, in a neo-Kantian perspective emphasizing the knowing subject’s role, which is constructive for the mathematical objects and constitutive for the empirical ones.
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  11. Tommaso Bruni, Matteo Mameli, Gabriella Pravettoni & Giovanni Boniolo (2012). Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening in Veneto (Italy): An Ethical Analysis. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (3):321-328.
    A recent study by Castellani et al. (JAMA 302(23):2573–2579, 2009) describes the population-level effects of the choices of individuals who underwent molecular carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in Veneto, in the northeastern part of Italy, between 1993 and 2007. We discuss some of the ethical issues raised by the policies and individual choices that are the subject of this study. In particular, (1) we discuss the ethical issues raised by the acquisition of genetic information through antenatal carrier testing; (2) (...)
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  12. G. Boniolo, R. Faraldo & A. Saggion (2011). Explicating the Notion of Causation: The Role of Extensive Quantities. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 502--525.
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  13. G. Boniolo & P. P. di Fiore (2010). Deliberative Ethics in a Biomedical Institution: An Example of Integration Between Science and Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):409-414.
    The deliberative ethics guidelines elaborated and implemented by members of the IFOM-IEO Campus (Firc Institute of Molecular Oncology (IFOM) and the European Institute of Oncology (IEO)). These should serve the dual purpose of establishing a minimal set of standard rules for bioethical debate and any ensuing decision-making process, especially for the perspective of providing real instruments to foster public engagement and public awareness on the ethical issues involved in biomedical research. It is shown that these guidelines instantiate the scheme of (...)
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  14. Giovanni Boniolo, Rossella Faraldo & Antonio Saggion (2009). On Spatial and Temporal Ex Mensura Boundaries. Foundations of Science 14 (3):181-193.
    In this paper we will propose an empirical analysis of spatial and temporal boundaries. Unlike other proposals, which deal mainly with the commonsense level of the subject, we will ground our explication on well-established scientific practice and language. In this way we show how to reconsider in an innovative way questions such as the distinction between the bona fide boundaries and the fiat boundaries, the thickness and the ownership of the boundaries. At the same time we propose a division between (...)
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  15. Josip Balabanić, Damir Barbarić, Boran Berčić, Giovanni Boniolo, Branka Brujić, Alex Byrne, Erik Carlson, Maudemarie Clark, Nadežda Čačinovič & Zvonimir Čuljak (2008). Elvio Baccarini. Prolegomena 7:1.
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  16. G. Boniolo & P. Paolo Di Fiore (2008). A Defining Analysis of the Life and Death Dyad: Paving the Way for an Ethical Debate. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):609-634.
    We discuss the meaning of “being alive” and “being dead.” Our primary aim is to pave the way for a sound and accurate ethical debate concerning these two concepts. In particular, we analyze a metabolic approach and a genetic one and discuss the reasons for their failure to constitute a good starting point for successive debates. We argue that any ethical or social discussion of topics involving life and death must introduce cultural constructs such as, on the one hand, the (...)
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  17. Giovanni Boniolo & Pier Paolo Di Fiore (2008). A Defining Analysis of the Life and Death Dyad: Paving the Way for an Ethical Debate. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):609-634.
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  18. Giovanni Boniolo & Silvio Valentini (2008). Vagueness, Kant and Topology: A Study of Formal Epistemology. Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (2):141 - 168.
    In this paper we propose an approach to vagueness characterised by two features. The first one is philosophical: we move along a Kantian path emphasizing the knowing subject’s conceptual apparatus. The second one is formal: to face vagueness, and our philosophical view on it, we propose to use topology and formal topology. We show that the Kantian and the topological features joined together allow us an atypical, but promising, way of considering vagueness.
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  19. S. Camporesi & G. Boniolo (2008). Fearing a Non-Existing Minotaur? The Ethical Challenges of Research on Cytoplasmic Hybrid Embryos. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):821-825.
    In this paper we address the ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos, or “cybrids”. The controversial pronouncement of the UK’s Human Embryology and Fertilisation Authority of September 2007 on the permissibility of this area of research is the starting point of our discussion, and we argue in its favour. By a rigorous definition of the entities at issue, we show how the terms “chimera” and “hybrid” are improper in the case of cybrids, and how their use can bias (...)
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  20. Ludovica Lorusso & Giovanni Boniolo (2008). Clustering Humans: On Biological Boundaries. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (1):163-170.
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  21. Giovanni Boniolo (2007). Death and Transplantation: Let's Try to Get Things Methodologically Straight. Bioethics 21 (1):32–40.
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  22. Giovanni Boniolo (2007). Individuo E Persona: Tre Saggi Su Chi Siamo. Bompiani.
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  23. Giovanni Boniolo (2007). On Scientific Representations: From Kant to a New Philosophy of Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Scientific concepts, laws, theories, models and thought experiments are representations but uniquely different. In On Scientific Representation each is given a full philosophical exploration within an original, coherent philosophical framework that is strongly rooted in the Kantian tradition (Kant, Hertz, Vaihinger, Cassirer). Through a revisionist historical approach, Boniolo shows how the Kantian tradition can help us renew and rethink contemporary issues in epistemology and the philosophy of science.
     
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  24. Giovanni Boniolo (2006). The Descent of Instinct and the Ascent of Ethics. In Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. Cambridge University Press. 27--40.
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  25. Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.) (2006). Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    How can the discoveries made in the biological sciences play a role in a discussion on the foundation of ethics? This book responds to this question by examining how evolutionism can explain and justify the existence of ethical normativity and the emergence of particular moral systems. Written by a team of philosophers and scientists, the essays collected in this volume deal with the limits of evolutionary explanations, the justifications of ethics, and methodological issues concerning evolutionary accounts of ethics, among other (...)
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  26. Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (2006). The Four Faces of Omission. Philosophical Explorations 9 (3):277 – 293.
    In this paper, the ontological, terminological, epistemological, and ethical aspects of omission are considered in a coherent and balanced framework, based on the idea that there are omissions which are actions and omissions which are non-actions. In particular, we suggest that the approach to causation which best deals with omission is Mackie's INUS conditional proposal. We argue that omissions are determined partly by the ontological conditional structure of reality, and partly by the interests, beliefs, and values of observers. The final (...)
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  27. Giovanni Boniolo & Paolo Vezzoni (2006). Genetic Influences on Moral Capacity. What Genetic Mutants Can Teach Us. In Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. Cambridge University Press. 77--96.
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  28. Giovanni Boniolo (2005). A Contextualized Approach to Biological Explanation. Philosophy 80 (2):219-247.
    In the paper, starting from a slightly modified version of van Fraassen's pragmatic approach to explanation, I will propose a pragmatical meta-model for the different biological explanatory models. That is, I will offer a pragmatic point of view to rule different explanatory models in function of the biological context from which the given biologist explains.
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  29. Giovanni Boniolo (2005). The Ontogenesis of Human Identity. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (56):5-.
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  30. Giovanni Boniolo, Mirella Libero & Anna Aprile (2005). Causality and Methodology. Notes on Thanatochronological Estimations. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):381 - 393.
    The authors propose some methodological considerations on thanatochronological estimations. They first consider the problem of the definition of death, and then they deal with the issue of the estimations of death time, that is, with the Post-Mortem Interval (PMI). As regards the first question, they note that it does not concern only the definition of death, but also the choice of a particular kind of definition of 'definition'. With reference to the second question, the authors suggest a causal model showing (...)
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  31. Giovanni Boniolo & Massimiliano Carrara (2004). On Biological Identity. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):443-457.
    In our paper, we propose a relativisticand metaphysically neutral identity criterionfor biological entities. We start from thecriterion of genidentity proposed by K. Lewinand H. Reichenbach. Then we enrich it to renderit more philosophical powerful and so capableof dealing with the real transformations thatoccur in the extremely variegated biologicalworld.
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  32. Giovanni Boniolo (2003). Biology Without Information. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (2):255-273.
    Over these last few years once again the relationship between biology and information has been debated with great liveliness. The crucial points concern the meaning of the term ‘information’ and whether the so-called “information talk” is really necessary inside biology.I will proceed by first commenting on some points of the debate (§ 2), then showing that a biophysical account of the process from the nucleotide sequences to the correlated amino acid sequences is possible (§ 3). In this way, I will (...)
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  33. Giovanni Boniolo (2003). Kant's Explication and Carnap's Explication: The Redde Rationem. International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (3; ISSU 171):289-298.
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  34. Giovanni Boniolo (2003). Kant's Explication and Carnap's Explication. International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (3):289-298.
    In this paper I will compare the concept of explication à la Carnap and the concept of explication à la Kant. This essay should primarily be seen as a comparison of two different philosophical styles, but it is also intended as a vindication of what Kant wrote and what Carnap forgot to read.
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  35. Giovanni Boniolo (2002). On Properties and Processes on Numerical Assignment: An Empiricist Approach. Axiomathes 13 (2):147-162.
    By starting from the idea of processes of numerical assignment, an explication, á la Kant, of the concept of property is proposed. In this way two results are achieved: on the one hand, the Kantian doctrine of explication is revaluated; on the other hand, the notion of property is tackled from an empiricist point of view based on the representational theory of measurement.
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  36. Giovanni Boniolo, Carlo Petrovich & Gualtiero Pisent (2002). Notes on the Philosophical Status of Nuclear Physics. Foundations of Science 7 (4):425-452.
    In our paper we propose a philosophicalanalysis, based on the notion ofphenomenological model, of Nuclear Physics. Inthis way, we will show some peculiarities ofthis branch of physics.
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  37. William S. Cooper & Giovanni Boniolo (2002). Book Reviews-the Evolution of Reason. Logic as a Branch of Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):335-336.
     
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  38. Giovanni Boniolo (2001). Concepts as representations and as rules. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 25:93-115.
    In this paper a post-Kantian theory of scientific concepts is proposed. In particular, by differentiating the representational level, the intentional level and the real level, it is argued that a scientific concept has to be understood both as a representation and as a rule.
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  39. Giovanni Boniolo (2001). Leggi trascendentali, metafisiche ed empiriche in Kant. In Giovanni Boniolo & Mauro Dorato (eds.), Leggi di natura: Analisi storico-critica di un concetto. McGraw-Hill. 101-153.
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  40. Giovanni Boniolo & Mauro Dorato (eds.) (2001). Leggi di natura: Analisi storico-critica di un concetto. McGraw-Hill.
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  41. Giovanni Boniolo & Fernando de Felice (2000). On the Philosophical Foundations of Measurements in General Relativity. Foundations of Physics 30 (10):1629-1641.
    In this paper, first, the question of what a measurement is in General Relativity is tackled; then, some foundational problems it involves are analysed. In particular, by recalling what a measurement is in general, we will try to precisely define what it is in General Relativity. Then, we will analyse, by means of a suitable example, some foundational problems it involves. It will be stressed that such foundational problems do not arise owing to the gauge invariance or the correlation among (...)
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  42. Giovanni Boniolo (1999). Wormholes and Timelike Curves: Is There Room for the Grandfather Paradox?. In. In Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (ed.), Language, Quantum, Music. 143--157.
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  43. Giovanni Boniolo (1997). On a Unified Theory of Models and Thought Experiments in Natural Sciences. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (2):121 – 142.
    In this paper a unified theory of models and thought experiments is proposed by considering them as fictions, la Vaihinger. In order to reach this aim, the Hertzian and Botzmannian interpretation of theories as Bilder is reconsidered.
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  44. Giovanni Boniolo (1992). Theory and Experiment. The Case of Eötvös' Experiments. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (4):459-486.
    By analysing the historical case of the proportionality between inertia and gravitation, it is possible to reconstruct one of the most relevant moments in the history of physics, that is to say, the one linked with Eötvös' experiments. At the same time, this reconstruction offers the opportunity to carry out philosophical considerations about the relationship between theory and experiment and about the concept of incommensurability.
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  45. Giovanni Boniolo & Francesco Gonella (1991). Quantum Mechanics and Imagery: A Hermeneutical Approach. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 21 (7):845-854.
    Classical and quantum descriptions are given of a double slit experiment, showing the conditions under which certain counter-intuitive conceptualizations can arise. The role played by our images of the objects and our images of the experience's results is discussed by means of a hermeneutical analysis.
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