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  1. G. E. Varner (1999). The Editor has Review Copies of the Following Books. Potential Reviewers Should Contact the Editor to Obtain a Review Copy.(Rhaynes@ Phil. Ufl. Edu). Books Not Previously Listed Are in Bold Faced Type. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (233).
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  2. G. E. Varner (1988). Christopher Stone: Earth and Other Ethics. Environmental Ethics 10 (3):259-265.
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  3. G. E. Varner (1987). Do Species Have Standing? Environmental Ethics 9 (1):57-72.
    In arecent article Christopher D. Stone has effectively withdrawn his proposal that natural objects be granted legal rights, in response to criticism from the Feinberg/McCloskey camp. Stone now favors a weaker proposal that natural objects be granted what he calls legal considerateness. I argue that Stone’s retreat is both unnecessary and undesirable. I develop the notion of a de facto legal right and argue that species already have legal rights as statutory beneflciaries of the Endangered Species Act of 1973. I (...)
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  4. G. E. Varner (1985). The Schopenhauerian Challenge in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 7 (3):209-229.
    Environmental holism and environmental individualism are based on incompatible notions of moral considerability, and yield incompatible results. For Schopenhauer, every intelligible character--every irreducible instance of formative nature---defines a distinct moral patient, and for hirn both holistic entities and the individual members of higher species have distinguishable intelligible characters. Schopenhauer’s neglected metaethics thus can be used to generate an environmental ethics which is complete in the sense of synthesizing holism and individualism while simultaneously meeting TomRegan’s (implicit) demand that an environmental ethics (...)
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