Search results for 'Gareth J. Barker' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Siobhan M. Leary, Charles A. Davie, Geoff J. M. Parker, Valerie L. Stevenson, Liqun Wang, Gareth J. Barker, David H. Miller & A. J. Thompson (1999). 1 H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Normal Appearing White Matter in Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Neurology 246 (11).score: 870.0
    Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and pathological studies have indicated that axonal loss is a major contributor to disease progression in multiple sclerosis. 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), through measurement of N -acetyl aspartate (NAA), a neuronal marker, provides a unique tool to investigate this. Patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis have few lesions on conventional MRI, suggesting that changes in normal appearing white matter (NAWM), such (...)
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  2. Matthew J. Barker (2013). Biological Explanations, Realism, Ontology, and Categories (Reviewing J. Dupré, Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):617-622.score: 540.0
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  3. Elton Barker (2007). Literature (C.J.) Dewald Thucydides' War Narrative. A Structural Study. Berkeley: U. Of California P., 2005. Pp. Xiv + 258. £32.50. 9780520241275. (E.) Greenwood Thucydides and the Shaping of History. (Classical Literature and Society). London: Duckworth, 2006. Pp. Xi + 188, Maps. £16.99. 9780715632833. (P.) Zagorin Thucydides. An Introduction for the Common Reader. Princeton UP, 2005. Pp. Xiii + 190. £15.95. 9780691123516. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:165-.score: 360.0
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  4. E. Barker (1985). Book Reviews : Interpreting Religious Phenomena: Studies with Reference to the Phenomenology of Religion. By Olaff Pettersson and Hans Akerberg. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, and Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press Inc., 1981. Pp. 201. $25.00 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):88-89.score: 360.0
  5. Peter E. Barker (1991). Intron Subtleties Intervening Sequences in Evolution and Development E. M. Stone R. J. Schwartz. Bioscience 41 (4):268-270.score: 360.0
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  6. Eileen Barker (1983). James J Preston (Ed.) Mother Worship: Theme and Variations. Pp. Xxiv+360.(Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.) £16.80. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 19 (4):560.score: 360.0
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  7. Elton Barker (2007). Literature (J.M.) Foley Ed. A Companion to Ancient Epic. Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell, 2005. Pp. Xxv + 664, Illus. £85. 9781405105248. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:155-.score: 360.0
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  8. E. Barker (1910). Book Review:Six Radical Thinkers. J. MacCunn. [REVIEW] Ethics 20 (2):220-.score: 360.0
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  9. Ernest Barker (1909). Book Review:The Schools of Hellas. Kenneth J. Freeman. [REVIEW] Ethics 19 (2):243-.score: 360.0
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  10. S. F. Barker (1963). Book Review:Error and Deception in Science: Essays on Biological Aspects of Life Jean Rostand, A. J. Pomerans. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 30 (4):406-.score: 360.0
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  11. Stephen J. Barker (2004). Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach. Clarendon Press.score: 300.0
    Stephen Barker presents his first, ambitious book in the philosophy of language, setting out a radical alternative to standard theories of meaning.
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  12. R. J. Hirst & S. F. Barker (1960). Induction and Hypothesis: A Study of the Logic of Confirmation. Philosophical Quarterly 10 (41):375.score: 280.0
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  13. Jerome J. Freed, Ann C. Barker & Philip Wylie (1967). Pesticide Controversy. Bioscience 17 (12):866-867.score: 280.0
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  14. C. J. Yoos ii & J. R. Barker (2008). Covenons! We Owe Our Store to the Company's Soul.. Journal of Human Values 14 (2):141-155.score: 280.0
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  15. Stephen J. Barker (2010). Cognitive Expressivism, Faultless Disagreement, and Absolute but Non-Objective Truth. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (2pt2):183-199.score: 240.0
    I offer a new theory of faultless disagreement, according to which truth is absolute (non-relative) but can still be non-objective. What's relative is truth-aptness: a sentence like ‘Vegemite is tasty’ (V) can be truth-accessible and bivalent in one context but not in another. Within a context in which V fails to be bivalent, we can affirm that there is no issue of truth or falsity about V, still disputants, affirming and denying V, were not at fault, since, in their context (...)
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  16. Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt (2007). When Traditional Essentialism Fails. Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.score: 240.0
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received recent discussion (...)
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  17. Matthew J. Barker & Robert A. Wilson (2010). Cohesion, Gene Flow, and the Nature of Species. Journal of Philosophy 107 (2):59-77.score: 240.0
    A far-reaching and influential view in evolutionary biology claims that species are cohesive units held together by gene flow. Biologists have recognized empirical problems facing this view; after sharpening the expression of the view, we present novel conceptual problems for it. At the heart of these problems is a distinction between two importantly different concepts of cohesion, what we call integrative and response cohesion. Acknowledging the distinction problematizes both the explanandum of species cohesion and the explanans of gene flow that (...)
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  18. Stephen J. Barker, Global Expressivism.score: 240.0
    There is a wide-spread belief amongst theorists of mind and language. This is that in order to understand the relation between language, thought, and reality we need a theory of meaning and content, that is, a normative, formal science of meaning, which is an extension and theoretical deepening of folk ideas about meaning. This book argues that this is false, offering an alternative idea: The form of a theory that illuminates the relation of language, thought, and reality is a theory (...)
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  19. Matthew J. Barker (2013). Essentialism. In Byron Kaldis (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences.score: 240.0
  20. Stephen J. Barker (2000). Is Value Content a Component of Conventional Implicature? Analysis 60 (267):268–279.score: 240.0
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  21. Philip J. Barker (2005). The Tidal Model: A Guide for Mental Health Professionals. Brunner-Routledge.score: 240.0
    The Tidal Model represents a significant alternative to mainstream mental health theories, emphasizing how those suffering from mental health problems can benefit from taking a more active role in their own treatment. Based on extensive research, The Tidal Model charts the development of this approach, outlining the theoretical basis of the model to illustrate the benefits of a holistic model of care which promotes self-management and recovery. Clinical examples are also employed to show how, by exploring rather than ignoring a (...)
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  22. Matthew J. Barker (2010). Specious intrinsicalism. Philosophy of Science 77 (1):73-91.score: 240.0
    Over the last 2,300 years or so, many philosophers have believed that species are individuated by essences that are at least in part intrinsic. Psychologists tell us most folks also believe this view. But most philosophers of biology have abandoned the view, in light of evolutionary conceptions of species. In defiance, Michael Devitt has attempted in this journal to resurrect a version of the view, which he calls Intrinsic Biological Essentialism. I show that his arguments for the resurrection fail, and (...)
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  23. Stephen J. Barker (2007). Semantics Without the Distinction Between Sense and Force. In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), John Searle's Philosophy of Language: Force, Meaning, and Mind. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
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  24. Stephen J. Barker (2002). Troubles with Horgan and Timmons' Nondescriptivist Cognitivism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 63 (1):235-255.score: 240.0
    Emotivist, or non-descriptivist metaethical theories hold that value-statements do not function by describing special value-facts, but are the mere expressions of naturalistically describable motivational states of (valuing) agents. Non-descriptivism has typically been combined with the claim that value-statements are non-cognitive: they are not the manifestations of genuine belief states. However, all the linguistic, logical and phenomenological evidence indicates that value-statements are cognitive. Non-descriptivism then has a problem. Horgan and Timmons propose to solve it by boldly combining a non-descriptivist thesis about (...)
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  25. Matthew J. Barker (2007). The Empirical Inadequacy of Species Cohesion by Gene Flow. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):654-665.score: 240.0
    This paper brings needed clarity to the influential view that species are cohesive entities held together by gene flow, and then develops an empirical argument against that view: Neglected data suggest gene flow is neither necessary nor sufficient for species cohesion. Implications are discussed. ‡I'm grateful to Rob Wilson, Alex Rueger and Lindley Darden for important comments on earlier drafts, and to Joseph Nagel, Heather Proctor, Ken Bond, members of the DC History and Philosophy of Biology reading group, and audience (...)
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  26. M. T. Alkire, R. J. Haier, J. H. Fallon & S. J. Barker (1996). PET Imaging of Conscious and Unconscious Verbal Memory. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):448-62.score: 240.0
  27. S. J. Barker (1997). E-Type Pronouns, DRT, Dynamic Semantics and the Quantifier/Variable-Binding Model. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (2):195-228.score: 240.0
  28. Philip J. Barker (ed.) (2011). Mental Health Ethics: The Human Context. Routledge.score: 240.0
    This work provides an overview of traditional and contemporary ethical perspectives and critically examines a range of ethical and moral challenges present in ...
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  29. Stephen J. Barker (1993). Conditional Excluded Middle, Conditional Assertion, and 'Only If'. Analysis 53 (4):254 - 261.score: 240.0
  30. Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker, The Biological Notion of Individual. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 240.0
    Individuals are a prominent part of the biological world. Although biologists and philosophers of biology draw freely on the concept of an individual in articulating both widely accepted and more controversial claims, there has been little explicit work devoted to the biological notion of an individual itself. How should we think about biological individuals? What are the roles that biological individuals play in processes such as natural selection (are genes and groups also units of selection?), speciation (are species individuals?), and (...)
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  31. Stephen J. Barker (1995). Towards a Pragmatic Theory of 'If'. Philosophical Studies 79 (2):185 - 211.score: 240.0
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  32. Matthew J. Barker & Joel D. Velasco (2014). Deep Conventionalism About Evolutionary Groups. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):971-982.score: 240.0
    We reject a widespread objectivism about kinds of evolutionary groups in favor of a new conventionalism. Surprisingly, being any one kind of evolutionary group typically depends on which of many incompatible values are taken by suppressed variables. This novel pluralism underlies almost any single evolutionary group concept, unlike familiar pluralisms claiming that multiple concepts of certain sorts are legitimate. Consequently, we must help objective facts determine which candidate evolutionary groups satisfy the definition of a given evolutionary group concept, regardless of (...)
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  33. W. D. Lamont, H. R. Mackintosh, H. Barker, R. I. Aaron, H. B. Acton, M. H., Ralph Tyler Flewelling & J. W. Scott (1935). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 44 (173):98-114.score: 240.0
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  34. H. Barker, S. S., P. Leon, J. S. Mackenzie, F. C. S. Schiller, A. C. Ewing, Rex Knight & E. S. Waterhouse (1931). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 40 (158):242-259.score: 240.0
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  35. Stephen J. Barker (1998). Predetermination and Tense Probabilism. Analysis 58 (4):290–296.score: 240.0
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  36. D. J. P. Barker (2001). A New Model for the Origins of Chronic Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):31-35.score: 240.0
    Living things are often plastic during their early development and are moulded by the environment. Many human fetuses have to adapt to a limited supply of nutrients, and in doing so they permanently change their physiology and metabolism. These programmed changes may be the origins of a number of diseases in later life, including coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension.
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  37. S. Parsons, P. J. Barker & A. E. Armstrong (2001). The Teaching of Health Care Ethics to Students of Nursing in the UK: A Pilot Study. Nursing Ethics 8 (1):45-56.score: 240.0
    Senior lecturers/lecturers in mental health nursing (11 in round one, nine in round two, and eight in the final round) participated in a three-round Delphi study into the teaching of health care ethics (HCE) to students of nursing. The participants were drawn from six (round one) and four (round three) UK universities. Information was gathered on the organization, methods used and content of HCE modules. Questionnaire responses were transcribed and the content analysed for patterns of interest and areas of convergence (...)
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  38. Matthew J. Barker (2010). From Cognition's Location to the Epistemology of its Nature. Cognitive Systems Research 11 (357):366.score: 240.0
    One of the liveliest debates about cognition concerns whether our cognition sometimes extends beyond our brains and bodies. One party says Yes, another No. This paper shows that debate between these parties has been epistemologically confused and requires reorienting. Both parties frequently appeal to empirical considerations and to extra-empirical theoretical virtues to support claims about where cognition is. These things should constrain their claims, but cannot do all the work hoped. This is because of the overlooked fact, uncovered in this (...)
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  39. H. Barker, F. C. S. Schiller, P. Leon, J. Loewenberg, T. E. Jessop, James Drever, T. E. & John Laird (1932). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 41 (162):242-269.score: 240.0
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  40. E. E. Abola, A. Bairoch, W. C. Barker, S. Beck, H. da BensonBerman, G. Cameron, C. Cantor, S. Doubet & T. J. P. Hubbard (2000). Quality Control in Databanks for Molecular Biology. Bioessays 22 (11):1024-1034.score: 240.0
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  41. Stephen J. Barker (1994). The Consequent-Entailment Problem Foreven If. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):249 - 260.score: 240.0
    A comprehensive theory ofeven if needs to account for consequent ‘entailing’even ifs and in particular those of theif-focused variety. This is where the theory ofeven if ceases to be neutral between conditional theories. I have argued thatif-focusedeven ifs,especially if andonly if can only be accounted for through the suppositional theory ofif. Furthermore, a particular interpretation of this theory — the conditional assertion theory — is needed to account foronly if and a type of metalinguistic negation ofQ if P. We therefore (...)
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  42. J. Lewis McIntyre, H. Barker, Joseph Rickaby, Foster Watson, Herbert W. Blunt, T. B., S. H., A. E. Taylor, B. Russell & C. A. F. Rhys Davids (1904). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 13 (49):123-134.score: 240.0
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  43. J. L. McIntyre, A. C. Haddon, Henry Barker, J. Rickaby, F. C. S. Schiller, R. F. Alfred Hoernle, John Burnet, W. Leslie Mackenzie, G. R. T. Ross & C. A. F. Rhys Davids (1906). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 15 (57):109-124.score: 240.0
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  44. Stephen J. Barker (1994). Causation, Facts and Coherence. Analysis 54 (3):179 - 182.score: 240.0
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  45. Mark J. Barker (2012). Aquinas on Internal Sensory Intentions. International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):199-226.score: 240.0
    This paper suggests several summa genera for the various meanings of intentio in Aquinas and briefly outlines the genera of cognitive intentiones. It presents the referential and existential nature of intentions of harm or usefulness as distinguished from external sensory or imaginary forms in light of Avicenna’s threefold sensory abstraction. The paper offers a terminological clarification regarding the quasi-immaterial existential status of intentions. Internal sensory intentions account for a way in which one perceives something, as is best seen in light (...)
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  46. Mark J. Barker (2011). Vital Conflicts in Medical Ethics. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):103-106.score: 240.0
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  47. Peter Barker, Peter Dear, J. R. Christianson & Robert S. Westman (forthcoming). Why Was Copernicus a Copernican? Metascience:1-21.score: 240.0
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  48. J. H. Muirhead, R. R. Marett, Alfred W. Benn, T. Loveday, F. C. S. Schiller, John Burnet, H. Barker, J. A. J. Drewitt & L. T. (1900). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 9 (36):539-557.score: 240.0
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  49. D. M. Nicol & J. W. Barker (1970). Manuel II Palaeologus (1391-1425): A Study in Late Byzantine Statesmanship. Journal of Hellenic Studies 90:270.score: 240.0
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  50. H. Barker, Beatrice Edgell, C. C. J. Webb & J. Laird (1918). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 27 (107):371-378.score: 240.0
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