Search results for 'Gareth J. Nelson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John S. Wilkins & Gareth J. Nelson (2008). Trémaux on Species: A Theory of Allopatric Speciation (and Punctuated Equilibrium) Before Wagner. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (1):179-206.score: 870.0
    Pierre Trémaux’s 1865 ideas on speciation have been unjustly derided following his acceptance by Marx and rejection by Engels, and almost nobody has read his ideas in a charitable light. Here we offer an interpretation based on translating the term sol as “habitat”, in order to show that Trémaux proposed a theory of allopatric speciation before Wagner and a punctuated equilibrium theory before Gould and Eldredge, and translate the relevant discussion from the French. We believe he may have influenced Darwin’s (...)
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  2. R. J. Nelson (1992). Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object. Routledge.score: 520.0
    The problem of reference is central to the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and epistemology yet it remains largely unresolved. Naming and Reference explains the reference of lexical terms, with particular emphasis placed on proper names, demonstrative pronouns and personal pronouns. It examines such specific issues as: how to account for the reference of names that are empty or speculative, which abound in science and philosophy, and how to account for intentional reference as in "he took Mary to be Jane." (...)
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  3. J. Robert Nelson, Visser 'T. Hooft & Willem Adolph (eds.) (1971). No Man is Alien. Leiden,Brill.score: 480.0
    Signs of mankind's solidarity, by J. R. Nelson.--Mankind, Israel and the nations in the Hebraic heritage, by M. Greenberg.--Christian insights from biblical sources, by C. Maurer.--Muhammad and all men, by D. Rahbar.--The impact of New World discovery upon European thought of man, by E. J. Burrus.--The effects of colonialism upon the Asian understanding of man, by J. G. Arapura.--Religious pluralism and the quest for human community, by S. J. Samartha.--From Confucian gentleman to the new Chinese 'political' man, by D. (...)
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  4. Raymond J. Nelson (1955). Review: E. C. Nelson, An Algebraic Theory for Use in Computer Design. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):195-195.score: 420.0
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  5. Everett J. Nelson (1940). Review: J. C. C. McKinsey, Postulates for the Calculus of Binary Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):167-168.score: 420.0
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  6. Everett J. Nelson (1940). Review: C. J. Ducasse, Concerning the Status of So-Called "Pseudo-Object" Sentences. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):161-162.score: 420.0
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  7. Everett J. Nelson (1937). Review: Emil J. Walter, Aufriss der Logistik. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):59-59.score: 420.0
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  8. J. M. Nelson (1976). Books in Review : Patriarchalism in Political Thought. The Authoritarian Family and Political Speculation and Attitudes Especially in Seventeenth-Centur Y England by Gordon J. Schochet. New York: Basic Books, 1975. Pp. Xii, 292. $12.95. [REVIEW] Political Theory 4 (4):512-515.score: 420.0
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  9. J. L. Nelson (2000). Moral Teachings From the Social Sciences-James Lindemann Nelson Replies. Hastings Center Report 30 (5):4-5.score: 420.0
     
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  10. Everett J. Nelson (1938). Review: Emil J. Walter, Logistik. Logische Syntax Und Mathematik. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):54-54.score: 420.0
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  11. Raymond J. Nelson (1956). Review: F. J. Murray, Mechanisms and Robots. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):334-335.score: 420.0
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  12. Raymond J. Nelson (1956). Review: J. A. Postley, A Method for the Evaluation of a System of Boolean Algebraic Equations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):335-335.score: 420.0
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  13. Raymond J. Nelson (1975). Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus-Response Theory. Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.score: 360.0
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while their (...)
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  14. Jessica Pierce, Hilde Lindeman Nelson & Karen J. Warren (2002). Feminist Slants on Nature and Health. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (1):61-72.score: 300.0
    Ecological feminism (or ecofeminism) and feminist bioethics seem to have much in common. They share certain methodological and epistemological concerns, offer similar challenges to traditional philosophy, and take up a number of the same practical issues. The two disciplines have thus far had little or no direct interaction; this is one attempt to begin some conversation and perhaps stimulate some cross-pollination of ideas. The email dialogue engaged an active ecofeminist scholar, Karen Warren, and an active feminist bioethicist, Hilde Nelson, (...)
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  15. Corrinne Bedecarre, Marilyn Friedman, Lisa M. Heldke, Robert C. Koons, Daniel Bonevac, Carol A. Mickett, Richard J. McGowan, Lynn Hankinson Nelson, Steven Yates & Leonard D. Katz (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (1):23 - 36.score: 280.0
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  16. J. Rossi & R. M. Nelson (2012). Is There an Objective Way to Compare Research Risks? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):423-427.score: 280.0
    Determining whether a research risk meets or exceeds a regulatory standard of risk acceptability is difficult. Recently a framework called the systematic evaluation of research risks (SERR) has been proposed as a method of comparing research risks with predetermined standards of acceptability. SERR purports to offer a systematic and largely determinate (definite) way to compare risks and say whether a specific research risk falls below or above an acknowledged standard of acceptable risk. Here the authors review some philosophical problems with (...)
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  17. Daniel J. Dickinson, W. James Nelson & William I. Weis (2012). An Epithelial Tissue in Dictyostelium Challenges the Traditional Origin of Metazoan Multicellularity. Bioessays 34 (10):833-840.score: 280.0
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  18. James E. Reagan, Karen J. Lomax & William A. Nelson (1997). Clinical Ethics in the Veterans Health Administration. HEC Forum 9 (2):120-128.score: 280.0
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  19. J. Mead & G. C. Nelson (1980). Model Companions and K-Model Completeness for the Complete Theories of Boolean Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (1):47-55.score: 280.0
  20. Michael J. Meyer & Lawrence J. Nelson (2001). Respecting What We Destroy: Reflections on Human Embryo Research. Hastings Center Report 31 (1):16-23.score: 280.0
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  21. Benjamin J. Balas, Charles A. Nelson, Alissa Westerlund, Vanessa Vogel-Farley, Tracy Riggins & Dana Kuefner (2010). Personal Familiarity Influences the Processing of Upright and Inverted Faces in Infants. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 280.0
    Infant face processing becomes more selective during the first year of life as a function of varying experience with distinct face categories defined by species, race, and age. Given that any individual face belongs to many such categories (e.g. A young Caucasian man’s face) we asked how the neural selectivity for one aspect of facial appearance was affected by category membership along another dimension of variability. 6-month-old infants were shown upright and inverted pictures of either their own mother or a (...)
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  22. James M. Humber, Paul J. Millea & Robert M. Nelson (1999). Book Reviews: The Flight From Science and Reason, Edited by Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Lewis. NY: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1996. 593 Pp. Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):65-71.score: 280.0
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  23. Linda J. Kristjanson, Fred Nelson & Paul D. Henteleff (forthcoming). Palliative Care for Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Journal of Palliative Care.score: 280.0
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  24. Jose J. Canas & Douglas L. Nelson (1986). Recognition and Environmental Context: The Effect of Testing by Phone. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (6):407-409.score: 280.0
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  25. da DentonBlair‐West Jr, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson (1986). Problems and Paradigms: Physiological Analysis of Bone Appetite (Osteophagia). Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.score: 280.0
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  26. D. A. Denton, J. R. Blair‐West, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson (1986). Problems and Paradigms: Physiological Analysis of Bone Appetite (Osteophagia). Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.score: 280.0
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  27. Susan J. Blackmore, Gavin Brelstaff, Katherine Nelson & Tom Troscianko (1995). Is the Richness of Our Visual World an Illusion? Transsaccadic Memory for Complex Scenes. Perception 24:1075-81.score: 240.0
  28. Lawrence J. Nelson & Michael J. Meyer (2005). Confronting Deep Moral Disagreement: The President's Council on Bioethics, Moral Status, and Human Embryos. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):33 – 42.score: 240.0
    The report of the President's Council on Bioethics, Human Cloning and Human Dignity, addresses the central ethical, political, and policy issue in human embryonic stem cell research: the moral status of extracorporeal human embryos. The Council members were in sharp disagreement on this issue and essentially failed to adequately engage and respectfully acknowledge each others' deepest moral concerns, despite their stated commitment to do so. This essay provides a detailed critique of the two extreme views on the Council (i.e., embryos (...)
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  29. Everett J. Nelson (1954). The Verification Theory of Meaning. Philosophical Review 63 (2):182-192.score: 240.0
  30. Raymond J. Nelson (1969). Behaviorism is False. Journal of Philosophy 66 (14):417-52.score: 240.0
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  31. J. L. A. Garcia & Mark T. Nelson (1994). The Problem of Endless Joy: Is Infinite Utility Too Much for Utilitarianism? Utilitas 6 (02):183-.score: 240.0
    What if human joy (more technically, utility) went on endlessly? Suppose, for example, that each human generation were followed by another, or that the Western religions are right when they teach that each human being lives eternally after death. If any such possibility is true in the actual world, then an agent might sometimes be so situated that more than one course of action would produce an infinite amount of utility (or of disutility, or of both). Deciding whether to have (...)
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  32. Raymond J. Nelson (1974). Mechanism, Functionalism, and the Identity Theory. Journal of Philosophy 71 (13):365-86.score: 240.0
  33. Raymond J. Nelson (1978). The Competence-Performance Distinction in Mental Philosophy. Synthese 39 (November):337-382.score: 240.0
  34. J. I. Nelson (1995). Binding in the Visual System. In Michael A. Arbib (ed.), Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press.score: 240.0
  35. Everett J. Nelson (1935). Kant on the Cosmological Argument. Philosophical Review 44 (3):283-287.score: 240.0
  36. R. J. Nelson (1997). Proxy Functions, Truth and Reference. Synthese 111 (1):73-96.score: 240.0
    Quines ontological relativity is related to Tarskis theory of truth in two ways: Quine repudiates term-by-term-correspondence, as does Tarskis rule of truth; and Quines proxy argument in support of relativity finds exact formulation in Tarskis truth definition.Unfortunately, relativity is threatened by the fact that the proxy argument doesnt comply with the rule of truth (Tarskis celebrated condition (T)). Despite Quines express allegiance to (T), use of proxy schemes does not generate all of the true sentences condition (T) requires.
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  37. Raymond J. Nelson (1989). Philosophical Issues in Edelman's Neural Darwinism. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 1:195-208.score: 240.0
  38. Gareth Nelson & Colin Patterson (1993). Cladistics, Sociology and Success: A Comment on Donoghue's Critique of David Hull. Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):441-443.score: 240.0
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  39. Raymond J. Nelson (1978). Objects of Occasion Beliefs. Synthese 39 (September):105-139.score: 240.0
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  40. John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth, Tom Foster Digby 3d, Anthony Appiah, David Auerbach, Annette Baier, Seyla Benhabib, Akeel Bilgrami, Richard Boyd, Robert Brandon, Joshua Cohen, Arnold Davidson, Owen Flanagan, Nancy Fraser, Marcia Lind, Alexander Nehamas, Linda Nicholson, Adrian Piper, Lynne Tirrell, Lawrence Blum, Lawrence Foster, Roma Farion, Mitchel Silver, Jenifer Radden, Jack Bayne, Robert K. Shope, Jane Roland Martin, Arthur B. Millman, Beebe Nelson, Robert Rosenfeld, Janet Farrell-Smith, David E. Flesche, Daniel E. Anderson, J. R. Brown, F. Cunningham, D. Goldstick, I. Hacking, C. Normore, A. Ripstein, W. Sumner, Alison M. Jaggar, Harry Deutsch, Irving Stein, John Hund, George Englebretsen, Fred Strohm, D. L. Ouren, P. Bilimoria, F. B. D. & Nora Nevin (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.score: 240.0
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  41. Raymond J. Nelson (1987). Machine Models for Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Science 54 (September):391-408.score: 240.0
  42. Everett J. Nelson (1947). A Defense of Substance. Philosophical Review 56 (5):491-509.score: 240.0
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  43. J. L. Nelson (1988). Animals, Handicapped Children and the Tragedy of Marginal Cases. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):191-193.score: 240.0
    There are human beings whose psychological capacities are rivalled or exceeded by many non-human animals; such humans are often referred to as 'marginal cases'. R G Frey has argued that there is no secure, non-arbitrary way of morally distinguishing between marginal humans and non-human animals. Hence, if the benefits of vivisection justify such painful and lethal procedures being performed on animals, so is the vivisection of marginal humans justified. This is a conclusion Frey is driven to with 'great reluctance', but (...)
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  44. Raymond J. Nelson (1955). Simplest Normal Truth Functions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):105-108.score: 240.0
  45. Alan J. Nelson (1990). Social Science and the Mental. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):194-209.score: 240.0
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  46. Martin G. Leever, Kenneth Richter, Peg Nelson, Christopher J. Allman & Duncan Wyeth (2012). The Case of Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) Orders and the Intellectually Disabled Patient. HEC Forum 24 (2):83-90.score: 240.0
    In the case of an intellectually disabled patient, the attending physician was restricted from writing a Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) order. Although the rationale for this restriction was to protect the patient from an inappropriate quality of life judgment, it resulted in a worse death than the patient would have experienced had he not been disabled. Such restrictions that are intended to protect intellectually disabled patients may violate their right to equal treatment and to a dignified death.
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  47. Everett J. Nelson (1958). II. Creativity as a Philosophic Category. Journal of Philosophy 55 (22):953-962.score: 240.0
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  48. Everett J. Nelson (1930). Intensional Relations. Mind 39 (156):440-453.score: 240.0
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  49. Everett J. Nelson (1949). The Relation of Logic to Metaphysics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9 (3):609-619.score: 240.0
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  50. Gareth Nelson (1978). From Candolle to Croizat: Comments on the History of Biogeography. Journal of the History of Biology 11 (2):269 - 305.score: 240.0
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