Search results for 'Gareth J. Nelson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John S. Wilkins & Gareth J. Nelson (2008). Trémaux on Species: A Theory of Allopatric Speciation (and Punctuated Equilibrium) Before Wagner. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (1):179-206.
    Pierre Trémaux’s 1865 ideas on speciation have been unjustly derided following his acceptance by Marx and rejection by Engels, and almost nobody has read his ideas in a charitable light. Here we offer an interpretation based on translating the term sol as “habitat”, in order to show that Trémaux proposed a theory of allopatric speciation before Wagner and a punctuated equilibrium theory before Gould and Eldredge, and translate the relevant discussion from the French. We believe he may have influenced Darwin’s (...)
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    Thomas J. Nelson (forthcoming). Seleucid Space and Ideology. P.J. Kosmin the Land of the Elephant Kings. Space, Territory, and Ideology in the Seleucid Empire. Pp. XVI + 423, Figs, Maps. Cambridge, Ma and London: Harvard University Press, 2014. Cased, £36.95, €45, Us$49.95. Isbn: 978-0-674-72882-0. [REVIEW] The Classical Review:1-3.
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  3.  2
    J. M. Nelson (1976). Books in Review : Patriarchalism in Political Thought. The Authoritarian Family and Political Speculation and Attitudes Especially in Seventeenth-Centur Y England by Gordon J. Schochet. New York: Basic Books, 1975. Pp. Xii, 292. $12.95. [REVIEW] Political Theory 4 (4):512-515.
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  4.  3
    Everett J. Nelson (1940). Review: J. C. C. McKinsey, Postulates for the Calculus of Binary Relations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):167-168.
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  5.  3
    Raymond J. Nelson (1955). Review: E. C. Nelson, An Algebraic Theory for Use in Computer Design. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):195-195.
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  6.  1
    Raymond J. Nelson (1956). Review: F. J. Murray, Mechanisms and Robots. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):334-335.
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  7.  1
    Everett J. Nelson (1940). Review: C. J. Ducasse, Concerning the Status of So-Called "Pseudo-Object" Sentences. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):161-162.
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  8.  1
    Everett J. Nelson (1937). Review: Emil J. Walter, Aufriss der Logistik. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):59-59.
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  9. J. L. Nelson (2000). Moral Teachings From the Social Sciences-James Lindemann Nelson Replies. Hastings Center Report 30 (5):4-5.
     
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  10. Everett J. Nelson (1938). Review: Emil J. Walter, Logistik. Logische Syntax Und Mathematik. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):54-54.
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  11. Raymond J. Nelson (1956). Review: J. A. Postley, A Method for the Evaluation of a System of Boolean Algebraic Equations. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):335-335.
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  12.  38
    R. J. Nelson (1992). Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object. Routledge.
    The problem of reference is central to the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and epistemology yet it remains largely unresolved. Naming and Reference explains the reference of lexical terms, with particular emphasis placed on proper names, demonstrative pronouns and personal pronouns. It examines such specific issues as: how to account for the reference of names that are empty or speculative, which abound in science and philosophy, and how to account for intentional reference as in "he took Mary to be Jane." (...)
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  13.  8
    J. Robert Nelson, Visser 'T. Hooft & Willem Adolph (eds.) (1971). No Man is Alien. Leiden,Brill.
    Signs of mankind's solidarity, by J. R. Nelson.--Mankind, Israel and the nations in the Hebraic heritage, by M. Greenberg.--Christian insights from biblical sources, by C. Maurer.--Muhammad and all men, by D. Rahbar.--The impact of New World discovery upon European thought of man, by E. J. Burrus.--The effects of colonialism upon the Asian understanding of man, by J. G. Arapura.--Religious pluralism and the quest for human community, by S. J. Samartha.--From Confucian gentleman to the new Chinese 'political' man, by D. (...)
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  14. John O. Nelson (1987). Brute Animals and Legal Rights: John O. Nelson. Philosophy 62 (240):171-177.
    Various proponents of animal rights—for example, H. J. McCloskey— maintain that while brute animals cannot have; moral rights they can have legal rights. Indeed, McCloskey himself goes so far as to maintain that even inanimate objects are able to have legal rights. 1 And why should not inanimate objects be able to? After f all, for there to be a legal right is anything more required than that whatever agency is empowered to issue legal rights simply legislate or proclaim that (...)
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  15.  27
    Raymond J. Nelson (1975). Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus-Response Theory. Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while their (...)
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  16.  3
    David Nelson (1949). Review: J. J. De Iongh, Restricted Forms of Intuitionistic Mathematics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (3):183-184.
  17.  1
    Janet L. Nelson (2003). Philippe Buc, The Dangers of Ritual: Between Early Medieval Texts and Social Scientific Theory. Princeton, N.J., and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001. Pp. Xiii, 272; Diagrams. $39.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (3):847-851.
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  18.  1
    David Nelson (1956). Review: P. G. J. Vredenduin, The Logic of Negationless Mathematics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (1):92-93.
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  19.  3
    Ralph Nelson (1972). The Common Sense of Politics. By Mortimer J. Adler. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 1971. Pp. 265. $6.95. Dialogue 11 (3):485-487.
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  20. H. J. (1978). Creativity in Henry Nelson Wieman. Review of Metaphysics 32 (1):146-147.
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  21. Nelson Nelson (1935). Brodrick, S. J., The Economic Morals of the Jesuits. Studies in Philosophy and Social Science 4:461.
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  22. Jan A. Nelson (1987). Joseph J. Duggan, A Fragment of “Les Enfances Vivien.” National Library of Wales Ms. 5043E. (University of California Publications in Modern Philology, 116.) Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1985. Paper. Pp. X, 44; Black-and-White Facsimile Frontispiece. $10.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 62 (2):499-500.
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  23. Ralph Waldo Nelson (1937). The Experimental Logic of Jesus. By J. H. Tufts. [REVIEW] Ethics 48:254.
     
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  24. Diana Fritz Cates, Pamela M. Hall, G. Simon Harak, James F. Keenan, Daniel Mark Nelson & Paul J. Waddell (1998). Choosing to Feel: Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends. Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (1):189-215.
    We are currently seeing a revival of interest in Aquinas's moral thought among Christian ethicists, both Protestant and Catholic. Although recent studies of his moral thought have touched on a number of topics, the majority of these have focused on his account of the virtues and their place in the Christian life. Probing the questions of the relation of virtue and law, the role of reason and will, and the place of the passions in Aquinas's moral theology, I will examine (...)
     
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  25.  9
    Jessica Pierce, Hilde Lindeman Nelson & Karen J. Warren (2002). Feminist Slants on Nature and Health. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (1):61-72.
    Ecological feminism (or ecofeminism) and feminist bioethics seem to have much in common. They share certain methodological and epistemological concerns, offer similar challenges to traditional philosophy, and take up a number of the same practical issues. The two disciplines have thus far had little or no direct interaction; this is one attempt to begin some conversation and perhaps stimulate some cross-pollination of ideas. The email dialogue engaged an active ecofeminist scholar, Karen Warren, and an active feminist bioethicist, Hilde (...), in an exchange of ideas. Jessica Pierce, whose research cuts between environmental philosophy and bioethics, served as moderator. (shrink)
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  26.  6
    Daniel J. Dickinson, W. James Nelson & William I. Weis (2012). An Epithelial Tissue in Dictyostelium Challenges the Traditional Origin of Metazoan Multicellularity. Bioessays 34 (10):833-840.
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  27.  3
    Michael J. Meyer & Lawrence J. Nelson (2001). Respecting What We Destroy: Reflections on Human Embryo Research. Hastings Center Report 31 (1):16-23.
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  28.  2
    Mark J. Landau, Noelle M. Nelson & Lucas A. Keefer (2015). Divergent Effects of Metaphoric Company Logos: Do They Convey What the Company Does or What I Need? Metaphor and Symbol 30 (4):314-338.
    Many corporate logos use pictorial metaphors to influence consumer attitudes. Priming concrete concepts—by means of logo exposure or other procedures—changes attitudes toward dissimilar abstract targets in metaphor-consistent ways. It is assumed, however, that observers apply a logo’s metaphor externally to interpret the company and its service. This research examined the possibility that observers may instead apply that metaphor internally to interpret their current condition and hence their need for the company’s service. We hypothesized that the same logo can have divergent (...)
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  29.  1
    Jose J. Canas & Douglas L. Nelson (1986). Recognition and Environmental Context: The Effect of Testing by Phone. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (6):407-409.
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  30.  4
    J. Mead & G. C. Nelson (1980). Model Companions and K-Model Completeness for the Complete Theories of Boolean Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (1):47-55.
  31.  10
    Corrinne Bedecarre, Marilyn Friedman, Lisa M. Heldke, Robert C. Koons, Daniel Bonevac, Carol A. Mickett, Richard J. McGowan, Lynn Hankinson Nelson, Steven Yates & Leonard D. Katz (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (1):23 - 36.
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  32.  9
    J. Rossi & R. M. Nelson (2012). Is There an Objective Way to Compare Research Risks? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):423-427.
    Determining whether a research risk meets or exceeds a regulatory standard of risk acceptability is difficult. Recently a framework called the systematic evaluation of research risks (SERR) has been proposed as a method of comparing research risks with predetermined standards of acceptability. SERR purports to offer a systematic and largely determinate (definite) way to compare risks and say whether a specific research risk falls below or above an acknowledged standard of acceptable risk. Here the authors review some philosophical problems with (...)
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  33.  5
    James E. Reagan, Karen J. Lomax & William A. Nelson (1997). Clinical Ethics in the Veterans Health Administration. HEC Forum 9 (2):120-128.
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  34.  1
    Linda J. Kristjanson, Fred Nelson & Paul D. Henteleff (forthcoming). Palliative Care for Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Journal of Palliative Care.
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  35.  2
    James M. Humber, Paul J. Millea & Robert M. Nelson (1999). Book Reviews: The Flight From Science and Reason, Edited by Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Lewis. NY: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1996. 593 Pp. Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):65-71.
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  36. da DentonBlair‐West Jr, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson (1986). Problems and Paradigms: Physiological Analysis of Bone Appetite (Osteophagia). Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.
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  37. D. A. Denton, J. R. Blair‐West, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson (1986). Problems and Paradigms: Physiological Analysis of Bone Appetite (Osteophagia). Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.
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  38. Meredith L. Kilgore, Michael A. Morrisey & Leonard J. Nelson (2006). Tort Law and Medical Malpractice Insurance Premiums. Inquiry 43 (3):255-270.
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  39.  2
    R. J. Nelson (1984). The Logic of Mind. Philosophical Review 93 (4):626-630.
  40.  49
    Lawrence J. Nelson & Michael J. Meyer (2005). Confronting Deep Moral Disagreement: The President's Council on Bioethics, Moral Status, and Human Embryos. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):33 – 42.
    The report of the President's Council on Bioethics, Human Cloning and Human Dignity, addresses the central ethical, political, and policy issue in human embryonic stem cell research: the moral status of extracorporeal human embryos. The Council members were in sharp disagreement on this issue and essentially failed to adequately engage and respectfully acknowledge each others' deepest moral concerns, despite their stated commitment to do so. This essay provides a detailed critique of the two extreme views on the (...)
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  41. J. Baird Callicott & Michael P. Nelson (1998). The Great New Wilderness Debate.
     
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  42.  1
    M. A. Verkerk, H. Lindemann, J. McLaughlin, J. L. Scully, U. Kihlbom, J. Nelson & J. Chin (2015). Where Families and Healthcare Meet. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):183-185.
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  43. Gareth Nelson & Norman I. Platnick (1981). Systematics and Biogeography. Harcourt, Brace and World.
     
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  44.  9
    R. J. Nelson (1976). On Mechanical Recognition. Philosophy of Science 43 (1):24-52.
    In this paper I argue that human pattern recognition can be simulated by automata. In particular, I show that gestalt recognition and recognition of family resemblances are within the capabilities of sufficiently complex Turing machines. The argument rests on elementary facts of automata and computability theory which are used to explicate our preanalytic, informal concepts concerning gestalt patterns and recognition. The central idea is that of a machine which "knows" its own structure. Although the paper thus aims to support mechanism, (...)
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  45.  9
    R. J. Nelson (1975). On Machine Expectation. Synthese 31 (1):129 - 139.
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  46. Susan J. Blackmore, Gavin Brelstaff, Katherine Nelson & Tom Troscianko (1995). Is the Richness of Our Visual World an Illusion? Transsaccadic Memory for Complex Scenes. Perception 24:1075-81.
  47.  6
    Jennifer L. Thompson & Andrew J. Nelson (2011). Middle Childhood and Modern Human Origins. Human Nature 22 (3):249-280.
    The evolution of modern human life history has involved substantial changes in the overall length of the subadult period, the introduction of a novel early childhood stage, and many changes in the initiation, termination, and character of the other stages. The fossil record is explored for evidence of this evolutionary process, with a special emphasis on middle childhood, which many argue is equivalent to the juvenile stage of African apes. Although the “juvenile” and “middle childhood” stages appear to be the (...)
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  48.  38
    Raymond J. Nelson (1969). Behaviorism is False. Journal of Philosophy 66 (14):417-52.
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  49. Phillip J. Nelson (2012). The Art of Sailing. Environment, Space, Place 4 (1):79-105.
    Edward S. Casey offers a phenomenology of memory and imagination in his book Spirit and Soul, which provides a unique opportunity for thinking about the very ethereal and aqueous activity of sailing. Imagination and memory are as much a part of everyday life as most forms of mentation; but sailing, as much as it is a physical activity, is just as much a suitable analogy for engaging with these particular psychic forms. In their collaboration, memory and imagination are a means (...)
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  50. J. O. Nelson (1966). Is Material Implication Inferentially Harmless? Mind 75 (300):542-551.
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