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Gareth B. Matthews [111]Gareth Matthews [19]
  1.  154 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews & Lynne Rudder Baker (2010). The Ontological Argument Simplified. Analysis 70 (2):210-212.
    The ontological argument in Anselm’s Proslogion II continues to generate a remarkable store of sophisticated commentary and criticism. However, in our opinion, much of this literature ignores or misrepresents the elegant simplicity of the original argument. The dialogue below seeks to restore that simplicity, with one important modification. Like the original, it retains the form of a reductio, which we think is essential to the argument’s great genius. However, it seeks to skirt the difficult question of whether 'exists' is a (...)
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  2.  108 DLs
    Gareth Matthews (2009). Whatever Became of the Socratic Elenchus? Philosophical Analysis in Plato. Philosophy Compass 4 (3):439-450.
    Readers who are introduced to philosophical analysis by reading the early Platonic dialogues may be puzzled to find that Plato, in his middle and late periods, largely abandons the style of analysis characteristic of early Plato, namely, the 'Socratic elenchus'. This paper undertakes to solve the puzzle. In contrast to what is popularly called 'the Socratic method', the elenchus requires that Socrates, the lead investigator, not have a satisfactory answer to his 'What is F-ness?' question. Here is the bind. Part (...)
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  3.  95 DLs
    Gareth Matthews, The Philosophy of Childhood. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
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  4.  58 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1977). Surviving As. Analysis 37 (January):53-58.
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  5.  49 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1974). Moore on `See': Modes of Polysemy. Journal of Philosophy 71 (19):711-721.
  6.  46 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1967). Wants and Lacks. Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):455-456.
    Anthony Kenny says it is impossible to want what one already has and knows one has. We present a counter-example and then suggest that Kenny may have been misled by the fact that wanting expresses itself in goal-directed behavior. From the truism that one's behavior cannot be directed toward a goal that one knows one has already attained, Kenny may have been led to suppose that behavior directed toward an as yet unattained goal cannot express one's desire for what one (...)
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  7.  45 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1977). Consciousness and Life. Philosophy 52 (January):13-26.
    In L. Frank Baum's story, Ozma of Oz , which is a sequel to Baum's much more famous story, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz , Dorothy and her companion come upon a wound-down mechanical man bearing a label on which are printed the following words: Smith and Tinker's Patent Double-Action, Extra-Responsive, Thought-Creating Perfect-Talking MECHANICAL MAN Fitted with our Special Clock-Work Attachment Thinks, Speaks, Acts, and Does Everything but Live As Dorothy and her companion are made to discover when they wind (...)
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  8.  45 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1990). Aristotelian Essentialism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:251-262.
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  9.  39 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1980). Philosophy and the Young Child. Harvard University Press.
    In a series of exquisite examples that could only have been gathered by a professional philosopher with an extraordinary respect for young minds, Gareth...
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  10.  37 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1968). The One and the Many. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  11.  35 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1981). On Being Immoral in a Dream. Philosophy 56 (January):47-64.
    What is often called Descartes' dream problem should perhaps be called Plato's dream problem instead. Certainly it can be found in Plato's Theaetetus at 158b–c. It can also be found in Cicero and, through Cicero's influence, in much of the work of St Augustine.
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  12.  34 DLs
    Gareth Matthews (2002). On the Idea of There Being Something of Everything in Everything. Analysis 62 (273):1–4.
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  13.  31 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2000). The Ring of Gyges. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):3-11.
    This paper illustrates some of the exciting and interesting philosophical discussions we can have with children when we let them develop the thread of the conversation in their own ways. The author discusses the virtue of patience when doing philosophy with children, and the importance of letting the rhythms of the discussion unfold without undue adult interference. Adults (and especially teachers) often attempt to control the ways in which children discuss issues with one another. The author reminds us of how (...)
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  14.  30 DLs
    Lynne Rudder Baker & Gareth Matthews (2010). Anselm's Argument Reconsidered. Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):31-54.
    Anselm’s argument for the existence of God in Proslogion 2 has a little-noticed feature: It can be properly formulated only by beings who have the ability to think of things and refer to things independently of whether or not they exist in reality. The authors explore this cognitive ability and try to make clear the role it plays in the ontological argument. Then, we offer a new version of the ontological argument, which, we argue, is sound: it is valid, has (...)
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  15.  29 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1992). Thought's Ego in Augustine and Descartes. Cornell University Press.
    This book will be of great interest to philosophers of mind and epistemologists, historians of philosophy and their students, philosophers of religion, and ...
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  16.  29 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1999). Michael S. Pritchard: Reasonable Children: Moral Education and Moral Learning. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):119-121.
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  17.  27 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1972). Senses and Kinds. Journal of Philosophy 64 (6):149-157.
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  18.  25 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2009). Philosophical Adventures in the Lands of Oz and Ev. Journal of Aesthetic Education 43 (2):pp. 37-50.
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  19.  24 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1982). Conceiving Childhood: "Child Animism". Noûs 16 (1):29-37.
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  20.  23 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2005). Wolfgangrainer Mann, the Discovery of Things: Aristotle's Categories and Their Context. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), XII + 231 Pp., $39.50. [REVIEW] Noûs 39 (2):348–358.
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  21.  21 DLs
    Gareth Matthews, Calvin Normore & Terence Parsons (1997). Introduction. Topoi 16 (1):1-6.
  22.  21 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2002). Review of Robert Pasnau, Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of Summa Theologiae 1a 75-89. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (7).
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  23.  20 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2001). Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (3):437-438.
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  24.  18 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1999). Socratic Perplexity and the Nature of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Gareth Matthews suggests that we can better understand the nature of philosophical inquiry if we recognize the central role played by perplexity. The seminal representation of philosophical perplexity is in Plato's dialogues; Matthews examines the intriguing shifts in Plato's attitude to perplexity and suggests that these may represent a course of philosophical development that philosophers follow even today.
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  25.  17 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1971). Dualism and Solecism. Philosophical Review 80 (January):85-95.
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  26.  17 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1976). Philosophy and Children's Literature. Metaphilosophy 7 (1):7–16.
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  27.  16 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1997). Two Theories of Supposition? Topoi 16 (1):35-40.
    In a recent paper Paul Vincent Spade suggests that, although the medieval doctrine of the modes of personal supposition originally had something to do with the rest of the theory of supposition, it became, by the 14th century, an unrelated theory with no question to answer. By contrast, I argue that the theory of the modes of personal supposition was meant to provide a way of making understandable the idea that a general term in a categorical proposition can be used (...)
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  28.  16 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1989). The Enigma of "Categories" 1a20ff and Why It Matters. Apeiron 22 (4):91 - 104.
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  29.  16 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1997). Perplexity in Plato, Aristotole, and Tarski. Philosophical Studies 85 (2-3):213-228.
  30.  15 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1985). The Idea of Conceptual Development in Piaget. Synthese 65 (1):87 - 97.
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  31.  15 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2010). Anselm's Argument Reconsidered. Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):31-54.
  32.  15 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2003). Augustine on the Mind's Search for Itself. Faith and Philosophy 20 (4):415-429.
    In De trinitate X Augustine seeks to discover the nature of mind (mens). As if recalling Plato’s Paradox of Inquiry, he wonders how such a search can be coherently understood. Rejecting the idea that the mind knows itself only indirectly, or partially, or by description, he insists that nothing is so present to the mind as itself. Yet it is open to the mind to perfect its knowledge of itself by coming to realize that its nature is to be only (...)
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  33.  15 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2005). Anaxagoras Re-Defended. Ancient Philosophy 25 (2):245-246.
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  34.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2000). The Parmenides A. H. Coxon: The Philosophy of Forms. An Analytical and Historical Commentary on Plato's Parmenides, with a New English Translation . Pp. 172. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1999. Cased, Hfl. 65. Isbn: 90-232-3460-X. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (02):486-.
  35.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1979). The Philosopher as Teacher Philosophy and the Young Child. Metaphilosophy 10 (3-4):354-368.
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  36.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2005). Augustine. Blackwell Pub..
    The first-person point of view -- Augustine's life -- Skepticism -- Language -- The Augustinian cogito -- Mind--body dualism -- The problem of other minds -- Philosophical dream problems -- Time and creation -- Faith and reason -- Foreknowledge and free will -- The problem of evil -- Wanting bad things -- Lying -- Happiness.
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  37.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1961). On Conceivability in Anselm and Malcolm. Philosophical Review 70 (1):110-111.
  38.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2011). Aristotle on the Organ of Touch. Ancient Philosophy 31 (2):327-337.
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  39.  12 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1998). Augustine on Reasoning From One's Own Case. Medieval Philosophy and Theology 7 (02):115-128.
    Forty years ago Norman Malcolm presented a now-famous paper at the Eastern Division meetings of the American Philosophical Association in Burlington, Vermont. MalcolmKnowledge of Other Minds.” The paper focused on the Argument from Analogy for Other Minds, which, of course, Malcolm roundly criticized. After making a number of preliminary points, Malcolm stated.
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  40.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1976). Moravcsik on Individuals and Their Essences. Journal of Philosophy 73 (17):598-599.
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  41.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2013). Death in Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. In Fred Feldman Ben Bradley (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death. 186.
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  42.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1973). Suppositio and Quantification in Ockham. Noûs 7 (1):13-24.
  43.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1964). Theology and Natural Theology. Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):99-108.
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  44.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1991). Container Metaphysics According to Aristotle's Greek Commentators. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (sup1):7-23.
  45.  11 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1964). Ockham's Supposition Theory and Modern Logic. Philosophical Review 73 (1):91-99.
    Philotheus boehner's "medieval logic" gives the impression that medieval supposition theory and modern quantification theory agree on their interpretation of particular propositions but differ on their interpretation of universal propositions. Matthews shows that this impression is mistaken: they differ on both particular and universal propositions, And the basic reason is that the medievals quantify over terms while modern logicians quantify over variables. (staff).
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  46.  10 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews & Thomas A. Blackson (1989). Causes in Thephaedo. Synthese 79 (3):581 - 591.
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  47.  10 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2008). Responses. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):62–65.
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  48.  9 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1963). Aquinas on Saying That God Doesn't Exist. The Monist 47 (3):472-477.
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  49.  9 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (2006). Augustine and Plantinga on the Problem of Evil. Quaestio 6 (1):457-462.
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  50.  9 DLs
    Gareth B. Matthews (1989). The Fieldston Ethics Reader. Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):322-323.
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