Search results for 'Garrett Michael Cullity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  43
    Garrett Cullity (2002). Particularism and Moral Theory: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons: Garrett Cullity. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169–190.
    Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak particularism, and presents a (...)
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  2. Garrett Cullity (2002). I—Garrett Cullity: Particularism and Presumptive Reasons. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):169-190.
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  3.  29
    Garrett Cullity (2004). The Moral Demands of Affluence. Clarendon Press.
    How much are we morally required to do to help people who are much worse off than us? Any plausible moral outlook should recognize requirements of beneficence - requirements grounded directly in other people's need for assistance. Given this, there is a forceful case for thinking that we are morally required to devote a substantial proportion of what we have to helping the poor. Garrett Cullity examines, refines, and defends an argument of this form. He then identifies its (...)
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  4.  85
    Garrett Cullity (1995). Moral Free Riding. Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1):3–34.
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  5. Garrett Cullity (1994). International Aid and the Scope of Kindness. Ethics 105 (1):99-127.
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  6. Garrett Cullity (2004). The Moral Demands of Affluence. Oxford University Press Uk.
    How much are we morally required to do to help people who are much worse off than us? On any credible moral outlook, other people's pressing need for assistance can ground moral requirements on us to help them---requirements of beneficence. How far do those requirements extend?One way to think about this is by means of a simple analogy: an analogy between joining in efforts to help people at a distance and rescuing a needy person yourself, directly. Part I of (...) Cullity's book examines this analogy. In some ways, the analogy is not only simple, but politically and metaphysically simplistic. However, it contains an important truth: we are morally required to help other people, indirectly as well as directly. But the number of needy people in the world is enormous, and their need is very great. Once we start to recognize requirements to help them, when is it morally acceptable to stop? Cullity answers this question in Part II. Examining the nature of beneficence, he argues that its requirements only make sense on the assumption that many of the interests we share in common-rich and poor alike-are interests it is not wrong to pursue. (shrink)
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  7.  31
    Garrett Cullity & Richard Holton (2002). Particularism and Moral Theory. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76:169-209.
    [Garrett Cullity] Weak particularism about reasons is the view that the normative valency of some descriptive considerations varies, while others have an invariant normative valency. A defence of this view needs to respond to arguments that a consideration cannot count in favour of any action unless it counts in favour of every action. But it cannot resort to a global holism about reasons, if it claims that there are some examples of invariant valency. This paper argues for weak (...)
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  8. Garrett Cullity (1997). Practical Theory. In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press 101--24.
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  9.  12
    Garrett Cullity (2005). Review of Deen K. Chatterjee (Ed.), The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
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  10.  22
    G. M. Cullity, International Aid and the Scope of Kindness.
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  11.  8
    G. M. Cullity, Pooled Beneficence.
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  12.  14
    G. Cullity, Welfare and Rational Care. By Stephen Darwall.
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  13.  20
    G. Cullity, International Aid the the Scope of Kindness.
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  14.  3
    C. Mortensen, G. Nerlich, G. Cullity & G. O'Brien, Philosophy at the University of Adelaide.
    Chris Mortensen, Graham Nerlich, Garrett Cullity and Gerard O'Brien.
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  15.  9
    G. Cullity, Beneficence, Rights and Citizenship.
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  16.  8
    G. Cullity, Public Goods.
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  17.  6
    G. Cullity, Bernard Williams.
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  18.  6
    G. Cullity, Equality and Globalization.
  19.  5
    G. Cullity, John Broome "Weighing Lives".
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  20.  4
    G. Cullity, Deen K Chatterjee. The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy.
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  21. Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.) (1997). Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press.
    These thirteen new, specially written essays by a distinguished international line-up of contributors, including some leading contemporary moral philosophers, give a rich and varied view of current work on ethics and practical reason. The three main perspectives on the topic, Kantian, Humean, and Aristotelian, are all well represented. Issues covered include: the connection between reason and motivation; the source of moral reasons and their relation to reasons of self-interest; the relation of practical reason to value, to freedom, to responsibility, and (...)
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  22.  6
    Garrett Cullity (forthcoming). Describing Rationality. Philosophical Studies:1-13.
    This critical study of John Broome’s Rationality Through Reasoning raises some questions about the various requirements of rationality Broome formulates, pointing out some apparent gaps and counterexamples; proposes a general description of rationality that is broadly consistent with Broome’s requirements while providing them with a unifying justification, filling the gaps, and removing the counterexamples; and presents two objections to the book’s broader argument concerning the nature and importance of reasoning.
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  23. Garrett Cullity (2008). Decisions, Reasons, and Rationality. Ethics 119 (1):57-95.
  24. Garrett Cullity (2003). Asking Too Much. The Monist 86 (3):402 - 418.
    Most of us think that it can be wrong not to help someone in chronic need — someone whose life you could easily save, say. And many of us find it hard to see how the remoteness of needy people, either physical, social or psychological, should make a difference to this. Maybe it makes a difference to how wrong it is not to help, but it is hard to see how it can make a difference to whether not helping is (...)
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  25.  87
    Garrett Cullity (2008). Public Goods and Fairness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):1 – 21.
    To what extent can we as a community legitimately require individuals to contribute to producing public goods? Most of us think that, at least sometimes, refusing to pay for a public good that you have enjoyed can involve a kind of 'free riding' that makes it wrong. But what is less clear is under exactly which circumstances this is wrong. To work out the answer to that, we need to know why it is wrong. I argue that when free riding (...)
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  26.  62
    Garrett Cullity (1999). Virtue Ethics, Theory, and Warrant. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):277-294.
    Are there good grounds for thinking that the moral values of action are to be derived from those of character? This virtue ethical claim is sometimes thought of as a kind of normative ethical theory; sometimes as form of opposition to any such theory. However, the best case to be made for it supports neither of these claims. Rather, it leads us to a distinctive view in moral epistemology: the view that my warrant for a particular moral judgement derives from (...)
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  27.  24
    Garrett Cullity (2006). As You Were? Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):117 – 132.
    What is the significance of empirical work on moral judgement for moral philosophy? Although the more radical conclusions that some writers have attempted to draw from this work are overstated, few areas of moral philosophy can remain unaffected by it. The most important question it raises is in moral epistemology. Given the explanation of our moral experience, how far can we trust it? Responding to this, the view defended here emphasizes the interrelatedness of moral psychology and moral epistemology. On this (...)
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  28.  27
    Garrett Cullity, Alex Miller, Duncan McFarland, James Griffin, R. Jay Wallace, Iain Law, Ralph Wedgwood, Maggie Little, Nick Zangwill & Elinor Mason (1998). British Society for Ethical Theory 1998 Conference. Journal of Ethics 2 (189):189-189.
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  29.  17
    Garrett Cullity (2014). The Limits of Kindness, by Caspar Hare. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):791-794.
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  30. Garrett Cullity (1995). Moral Free Riding. Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (1):3-34.
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  31.  25
    Garrett Cullity (2013). The Context-Undermining of Practical Reasons. Ethics 124 (1):8-34.
    Can one fact deprive another of the status of a reason for action—a status the second fact would have had, but for the presence of the first? Claims of this kind are often made, but they face substantial obstacles. This article sets out those obstacles but then argues that there are at least three different ways in which this does happen.
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  32.  23
    Garrett Cullity, Brad Hooker & Tim Mulgan (2011). Intuitions and the Demands of Consequentialism. Utilitas 23 (1).
  33.  65
    Garrett Cullity (2008). Pyrrhic Pyrrhonism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):720-731.
    Journal compilation © 20098 The Editors of The Philosophical Quarterly.
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  34.  25
    Garrett Cullity & Philip Gerrans (2004). Agency and Policy. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (3):315–325.
    The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
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  35.  1
    Garrett Cullity & Philip Gerrans (2004). Agency and Policy. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (3):315-325.
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  36.  10
    Krister Bykvist, Garrett Cullity, Åsa Carlson, Johan Brännmark, Klemens Kappel, Ulrik Kihlbom, Ian Law, Hans Mathlein, Derek Parfit & Ingmar Persson (2005). A Distinction in Value: Intrinsic and for its Own Sake1. In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer 115.
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  37.  33
    Garrett Cullity (2008). A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):695 – 696.
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  38.  25
    Garrett Cullity (1995). Moral Character and the Iteration Problem. Utilitas 7 (2):289.
    Moral evaluation is concerned with the attribution of values whose distinction into two broad groups has become familiar. On the one hand, there are the most general moral values of lightness, wrongness, goodness, badness, and what ought to be or to be done. On the other, there is a great diversity of more specific moral values which these objects can have: of being a theft, for instance, or a thief; of honesty, reliability or callousness. Within the recent body of work (...)
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  39.  21
    Garrett Cullity (2009). Book Reviews:Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (3):581-585.
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  40.  11
    Garrett Cullity (2013). Review of 'What's Wrong With Benevolence: Happiness, Private Property, and the Limits of Enlightenment', by David Stove, Edited by Andrew Irvine. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):206 - 208.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-3, Ahead of Print.
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  41.  19
    Garrett Cullity (2004). Sympathy, Discernment, and Reasons. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (1):37–62.
    According to "the argument from discernment", sympathetic motivation is morally faulty, because it is morally undiscriminating. Sympathy can incline you to do the right thing, but it can also incline you to do the wrong thing. And if so, it is no better as a reason for doing something than any other morally arbitrary consideration. The only truly morally good form of motivation--because the only morally non-arbitrary one--involves treating an action's rightness as your reason for performing it. This paper attacks (...)
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  42.  12
    Garrett Cullity (1995). Aretaic Cognitivism. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (4):395 - 406.
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  43.  15
    Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut (1996). Conference on Ethics and Practical Reason. Journal of Value Inquiry 30 (4):573-577.
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  44.  4
    Michael D. Schulman, Patricia Garrett, Regina Luginbuhl & Jody Greene (1985). Problems of Landownership and Inheritance Among Black Smallholders. Agriculture and Human Values 2 (3):40-44.
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  45.  14
    Garrett Cullity (2007). Thinking How to Live – Allan Gibbard. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):308–311.
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  46.  4
    Michael D. Casserly & John R. Garrett (1977). Beyond the Victim: New Avenues for Research on Racism in Education. Educational Theory 27 (3):196-204.
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  47.  10
    Garrett Cullity (1997). Book Review:One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict. Russell Hardin. [REVIEW] Ethics 107 (2):361-.
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  48.  8
    Christian Barry, Michael Davis, Peter K. Dews, Aaron V. Garrett, Yusuf Has, Bill E. Lawson, Val Plumwood, Joshua Preiss, Jennifer C. Rubenstein & Avital Simhony (2003). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (3):734-741.
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  49.  11
    Garrett Cullity (2005). Review of John Broome, Weighing Lives. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (12).
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  50.  1
    Garrett Cullity (2008). Review: Pyrrhic Pyrrhonism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):720 - 731.
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