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Gary Hatfield [87]Gary C. Hatfield [4]Gary Carl Hatfield [1]
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Profile: Gary Hatfield (University of Pennsylvania)
  1.  174 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2002). Psychology, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science: Reflections on the History and Philosophy of Experimental Psychology. Mind and Language 17 (3):207-232.
    This article critically examines the views that psychology ?rst came into existence as a discipline ca. 1879, that philosophy and psychology were estranged in the ensuing decades, that psychology ?nally became scienti?c through the in?uence of logical empiricism, and that it should now disappear in favor of cognitive science and neuroscience. It argues that psychology had a natural philosophical phase (from antiquity) that waxed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, that this psychology transformed into experimental psychology ca. 1900, that philosophers (...)
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  2.  122 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2003). Representation and Constraints: The Inverse Problem and the Structure of Visual Space. Acta Psychologica 114:355-378.
    Visual space can be distinguished from physical space. The ?rst is found in visual experi- ence, while the second is de?ned independently of perception. Theorists have wondered about the relation between the two. Some investigators have concluded that visual space is non- Euclidean, and that it does not have a single metric structure. Here it is argued (1) that visual space exhibits contraction in all three dimensions with increasing distance from the observer, (2) that experienced features of this contraction (including (...)
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  3.  88 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2002). Perception as Unconscious Inference. In D. Heyer (ed.), Perception and the Physical World: Psychological and Philosophical Issues in Perception. John Wiley and Sons Ltd 113--143.
    Consider for a moment the spatial and chromatic dimensions of your visual expe- rience. Suppose that as you gaze about the room you see a table, some books, and papers. Ignore for now the fact that you immediately recognize these objects to be a table with books and papers on it. Concentrate on how the table looks to you: its top spreads out in front of you, stopping at edges beyond which lies un?lled space, leading to more or less distant (...)
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  4.  86 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2007). The Reality of Qualia. Erkenntnis 66 (1-2):133--168.
    This paper argues for the reality of qualia as aspects of phenomenal experience. The argument focuses on color vision and develops a dispositionalist, subjectivist account of what it is for an object to be colored. I consider objections to dispositionalism on epistemological, metaphysical, and.
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  5.  86 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2007). Did Descartes Have a Jamesian Theory of the Emotions? Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):413-440.
    Philosophical Psychology 20 (2007), 413–40. Key words: Cognitive theories of emotion, Rene Descartes, embodiment, emotions, evolution, historical methodology, instinct, mechanistic theories of behavior, mind–brain relations, passions, William James.
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  6.  82 DLs
    William M. Epstein & Gary Hatfield (1994). Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind from instrumentalism and (...)
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  7.  80 DLs
    Gary C. Hatfield (2003). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Descartes and the Meditations. Routledge.
    Descartes' Meditations is one of the most widely read philosophical texts and has marked the beginning of what we now consider as modern philosophy. It is the first text that most students of philosophy are introduced to and this Guidebook will be an indispensable introduction to what is undeniably one of the most important texts in the history of philosophy. Gary Hatfield offers a clear and concise introduction to Descartes' background, a careful reading of the Meditations and a methodological investigation (...)
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  8.  80 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2000). The Brain's 'New' Science: Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):388-404.
    Philosophy of Science, Vol. 67, Supplement. Proceedings of the 1998 Biennial Meetings of the Philosophy of Science Association. Part II: Symposia Papers (Sep., 2000).
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  9.  73 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1991). The Natural and the Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception From Kant to Helmholtz. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Gary Hatfield examines theories of spatial perception from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century and provides a detailed analysis of the works of Kant and...
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  10.  67 DLs
    Gary Hatfield, Was the Scientific Revolution Really a Revolution in Science?
    In Tradition, Transmission, Transformation, ed. by Jamil Ragep and Sally Ragep, Collection de travaux de l’Academie internationale d’histoire des sciences (Leiden: Brill, 1996), 489–525. Key words: new science, natural philosophy, physics as a discipline, historiography of the scientific revolution, history of early modern philosophy.
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  11.  62 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2005). Introspective Evidence in Psychology. In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press
    In Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications, ed. by Peter Achinstein (Baltimore: Johns Hopkine University Press, 2005), 259–86. Key words: introspection, psychology of perception, Wundt, Gestalt Psychology.
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  12.  58 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1995). Remaking the Science of Mind: Psychology as a Natural Science. In C. Fox, R. Porter & R. Wokler (eds.), Inventing Human Science. University of California Press
    In Inventing Human Science, ed. by Christopher Fox, Roy Porter, and Robert Wokler (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), 184–231. Key words: Wolff, Bonnet, Godart, Krüger, Hartley, Priestley, history of psychology in the 17th and 18th centuries, history of experiment in psychology, psychology as a natural science, idea of a natural science.
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  13.  56 DLs
    Gary Hatfield, Behaviorism and Naturalism.
    In Cambridge History of Philosophy, 18701945, ed. by Thomas Baldwin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 640648. Key words: behaviorism, neobehaviorism, Watson, Singer, Holt, Perry, Tolman, Hull, Skinner.
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  14.  49 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2007). The Passions of the Soul and Descartes's Machine Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):1-35.
    Descartes developed an elaborate theory of animal physiology that he used to explain function- ally organized, situationally adapted behavior in both human and nonhuman animals. Although he restricted true mentality to the human soul, I argue that he developed a purely mechanistic (or mate- rial) ‘psychology’ of sensory, motor, and low-level cognitive functions. In effect, he sought to mech- anize the offices of the Aristotelian sensitive soul. He described the basic mechanisms in the Treatise on man, which he summarized in (...)
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  15.  45 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2002). Sense-Data and the Philosophy of Mind: Russell, James, and Mach. Principia 6 (2):203-230.
    The theory of knowledge in early twentieth-century Anglo Amencan pht losophy was orzented toward phenomenally descnbed cognition There was a healthy respect for the mind body problem, which meant that phenomena in both the mental and physzcal domam were talcen senously Bertrand Russell's developmg positzon on sense-data and momentary particulars drew upcm, and ultimately became lzke, the neutral monism of Ernst Mach and William James Due to a more iecent behavzonst and physicalist inspired "fear of the mental", this development has (...)
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  16.  37 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1992). Empirical, Rational, and Transcendental Psychology: Psychology as Science and as Philosophy. In Paul Guyer (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge 3--200.
    Key words: Kant, Moses Mendelssohn, Christian Wolff, Christian Crusius, transcendental psychology, possibility of scientific psychology.
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  17.  36 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1992). Color Perception and Neural Encoding: Does Metameric Matching Entail a Loss of Information? Philosophy of Science Association 1992:492-504.
    It seems intuitively obvious that metameric matching of color samples entails a loss of information, for spectrophotometrically diverse materials appear the same. This intuition implicitly relies on a conception of the function of color vision and on a related conception of how color samples should be individuated. It assumes that the function of color vision is to distinguish among spectral energy distributions, and that color samples should be individuated by their physical properties. I challenge these assumptions by articulating a different (...)
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  18.  36 DLs
    Gary C. Hatfield (1979). Force (God) in Descartes' Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (2):113-140.
  19.  35 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1984). Spatial Perception and Geometry in Kant and Helmholtz. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:569 - 587.
    This paper examines Helmholtz's attempt to use empirical psychology to refute certain of Kant's epistemological positions. Particularly, Helmholtz believed that his work in the psychology of visual perception showed Kant's doctrine of the a priori character of spatial intuition to be in error. Some of Helmholtz's arguments are effective, but this effectiveness derives from his arguments to show the possibility of obtaining evidence that the structure of physical space is non-Euclidean, and these arguments do not depend on his theory of (...)
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  20.  32 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2006). The Cartesian Circle. In Stephen Gaukroger (ed.), Blackwell Guide to Descartes’ Meditations. Wiley-Blackwell 122--141.
  21.  29 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1994). Philosophy of Psychology as Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:19 - 23.
    This paper serves to introduce the papers from the symposium by the same title, by describing the sort of work done in philosophy of psychology conceived as a branch of the philosophy of science, distinguishing it from other discussions of psychology in philosophy, and criticizing the claims to set limits on scientific psychology in the largely psychologically uninformed literatures concerning "folk psychology' and "wide" and "narrow" content. Philosophy of psychology as philosophy of science takes seriously and analyzes the explanatory structures, (...)
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  22.  27 DLs
    Gary Hatfield, Psychology Old and New.
    In Cambridge History of Philosophy, 18701945, ed. by Thomas Baldwin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 93106. Key words: new psychology, psychology as a discipline, Spencer, Maudsley, Lewes, Brentano, Wundt, James.
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  23.  25 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2015). Radical Empiricism, Critical Realism, and American Functionalism: James and Sellars. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):129-53.
    As British and American idealism waned, new realisms displaced them. The common background of these new realisms emphasized the problem of the external world and the mind-body problem, as bequeathed by Reid, Hamilton, and Mill. During this same period, academics on both sides of the Atlantic recognized that the natural sciences were making great strides. Responses varied. In the United States, philosophical response focused particularly on functional psychology and Darwinian adaptedness. This article examines differing versions of that response in William (...)
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  24.  24 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2004). Seeing. Philosophical Studies 120 (1-3):19 - 35.
  25.  24 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2003). What Were Kant's Aims in the Deduction? Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):165-198.
  26.  21 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1990). Gibsonian Representations and Connectionist Symbol-Processing: Prospects for Unification. Psychological Research 52:243-52.
  27.  21 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2009). Hume, Space, and the Self. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (5):1011 – 1019.
  28.  20 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1996). Review Essay: The Importance of the History of Science for Philosophy in General. [REVIEW] Synthese 106 (1):113 - 138.
  29.  19 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2010). Review of John Bickle (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).
  30.  18 DLs
    Gary Hatfield, René Descartes. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  31.  18 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1988). Science, Certainty, and Descartes. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:249 - 262.
    During the 1630s Descartes recognized that he could not expect all legitimate claims in natural science to meet the standard of absolute certainty. The realization resulted from a change in his physics, which itself arose not through methodological reflections, but through developments in his substantive metaphysical doctrines. Descartes discovered the metaphysical foundations of his physics in 1629-30; as a consequence, the style of explanation employed in his physical writings changed. His early methodological conceptions, as preserved in the Rules and sketched (...)
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  32.  17 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1999). Mental Functions as Constraints on Neurophysiology: Biology and Psychology of Vision. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. 251--71.
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  33.  17 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1989). Computation, Representation and Content in Noncognitive Theories of Perception. In Stuart Silvers (ed.), ReRepresentation. Kluwer
  34.  17 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2012). Phenomenal and Cognitive Factors in Spatial Perception. In Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.), Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. OUP Oxford 35.
  35.  16 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2012). Koffka, Köhler, and the “Crisis” in Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):483-492.
  36.  15 DLs
    Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.) (2012). Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. OUP Oxford.
    Many of us have been fascinated by visual illusions at some point, and have asked ourselves why something can look like one thing when it is fact something else. How can we perceive two different things, when the light coming into our eyes stays constant? This book brings together psychologists and philosophers to explore this aspect of vision.
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  37.  15 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (forthcoming). Psychological Experiments and Phenomenal Experience in Size and Shape Constancy. .
    Some experiments in perceptual psychology measure perceivers’ phenomenal experiences of objects versus their cognitive assessments of object properties. Analyzing such experiments, this article responds to Pizlo’s claim that much work on shape constancy before 1985 confused problems of shape ambiguity with problems of shape constancy. Pizlo fails to grasp the logic of experimental designs directed toward phenomenal aspects of shape constancy. In the domain of size perception, Granrud’s studies of size constancy in children and adults distinguish phenomenal from cognitive factors.
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  38.  14 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1988). Representation and Content in Some (Actual) Theories of Perception. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (2):175-214.
  39.  12 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2005). The History of Philosophy as Philosophy. In Tom Sorell & G. A. J. Rogers (eds.), Analytic Philosophy and History of Philosophy. Oxford University Press 19-22.
    The history of philosophy involves the paradox of supposing the historical invulnerability of past philosophies. The transcendental problem of its possibility is that of the possibility of such an invulnerability. Now experience reveals that, On the one hand, Philosophies remain indestructible, As works of art do, Through an internal truth and that, On the other hand, In establishing them the philosopher does not view them as ends in themselves, The way an artist would do, But through them he seeks a (...)
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  40.  12 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2005). Rationalist Theories of Sense Perception and Mind-Body Relation. In A Companion to Rationalism (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy). Blackwell
  41.  11 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1993). Book Review:Historical Roots of Cognitive Science: The Rise of a Cognitive Theory of Perception From Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century Theo C. Meyering. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 60 (4):662-.
  42.  10 DLs
    William Epstein & Gary Hatfield, Perceived Shape at a Slant as a Function of Processing Time.
    Shape and slant judgments of rotated or frontoparallel ellipses were elicited from three groups of 10 subjects. A masking stimulus was introduced to control processing time. Backward masking trials were presented with interstimulus intervals of 0, 25, and 50 msec, Reduction of processing time altered shape judgments in the direction of projective shape and slant judgments in the direction of frontoparallelness. This finding is consistent with the shapeslant invariance hypothesis. In order to study the effects of processing load, one group (...)
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  43.  9 DLs
    William Epstein & Gary Hatfield, The Status of the Minimum Principle in the Theoretical Analysis of Visual Perception.
    metric. A minimum principle is a theoretical construct imputed to the visual system to explain minimum tendencies. After examining a number of studies of..
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  44.  9 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1998). Attention in Early Scientific Psychology. In Richard D. Wright (ed.), Visual Attention. Oxford University Press 1--3.
  45.  8 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2006). Consciousness and Persons. Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):687-688.
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  46.  7 DLs
    Gary C. Hatfield (1983). A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, 2nd Ed. Teaching Philosophy 6 (1):76-78.
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  47.  7 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (2005). Descartes's Theory of Mind. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (1):124-127.
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  48.  6 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1986). Cognition and Epistemic Reliability: Comments on Goldman. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:312 - 318.
    The paper provisionally accepts the goal of Goldman's primary epistemics, which is to seek reliability values for basic cognitive processes, and questions whether such values may plausibly be expected. The reliability of such processes as perception and memory is dependent on other aspects of cognitive structure, and especially on one's "conceptual scheme," the evaluation of which goes beyond primary epistemics (and its dependence on cognitive science) to social epistemics, or indeed to traditional epistemology and philosophy of science. Two general arguments (...)
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  49.  6 DLs
    Gary Hatfield (1985). Descartes's Meditations as Cognitive Exercises. Philosophy and Literature 9 (1):41-58.
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  50.  6 DLs
    Stephen M. Kosslyn & Gary Hatfield (1984). Representation Without Symbol Systems. Social Research 51:1019-1045.
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