Search results for 'Gene A. Brewer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. J. Thadeus Meeks, Justin B. Knight, Gene A. Brewer, Gabriel I. Cook & Richard L. Marsh (2014). Investigating the Subjective Reports of Rejection Processes in the Word Frequency Mirror Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 24:57-69.score: 290.0
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  2. Gene A. Brewer, Justin Knight, J. Thadeus Meeks & Richard L. Marsh (2011). On the Role of Imagery in Event-Based Prospective Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):901-907.score: 290.0
  3. Daniel M. Oppenheimer, Robyn A. LeBoeuf & Noel T. Brewer (2008). Anchors Aweigh: A Demonstration of Cross-Modality Anchoring and Magnitude Priming. Cognition 106 (1):13-26.score: 230.0
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  4. Bill Brewer (2000). Externalism and A Priori Knowledge of Empirical Facts. In Christopher Peacocke & Paul A. Boghossian (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxfordo. 415.score: 180.0
    I want to discuss the possibility of combining a so-called.
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  5. Bill Brewer (1995). Learning From Experience: A Commentary on Baddeley and Weiskrantz (Eds.), Attention: Selection, Awareness, and Control. Mind and Language 10 (1-2):181-193.score: 180.0
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  6. Clark A. Chinn & William F. Brewer (1996). Mental Models in Data Interpretation. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):219.score: 170.0
    This paper presents a cognitive account of the process of evaluating scientific data. Our account assumes that when individuals evaluate data, they construct a mental model of a data-interpretation package, in which the data and theoretical interpretations of the data are integrated. We propose that individuals attempt to discount data by seeking alternative explanations for events within the mental model; data-interpretation packages are accepted when the individual cannot find alternative accounts for these events. Our analysis indicates that there are many (...)
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  7. Naomi Eilan, Rosaleen A. McCarthy & Bill Brewer (eds.) (1993). Spatial Representation: Problems in Philosophy and Psychology. Blackwell.score: 170.0
    Spatial Representation presents original, specially written essays by leading psychologists and philosophers on a fascinating set of topics at the intersection of these two disciplines. They address such questions as these: Do the extraordinary navigational abilities of birds mean that these birds have the same kind of grip on the idea of a spatial world as we do? Is there a difference between the way sighted and blind subjects represent the world 'out there'? Does the study of brain-injured subjects, such (...)
     
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  8. Bill Brewer (1999/2002). Perception and Reason. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
    Bill Brewer presents an original view of the role of conscious experience in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. He argues that perceptual experiences must provide reasons for empirical beliefs if there are to be any determinate beliefs at all about particular objects in the world. This fresh approach to epistemology turns away from the search for necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge and works instead from a theory of understanding in a particular area.
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  9. Bill Brewer (1998). Levels of Explanation and the Individuation of Events: A Difficulty for the Token Identity Theory. Acta Analytica 20 (20):7-24.score: 150.0
    We make how a person acts intelligible by revealing it as rational in the light of what she perceives, thinks, wants and so on. For example, we might explain that she reached out and picked up a glass because she was thirsty and saw that it contained water. In doing this, we are giving a causal explanation of her behaviour in terms of her antecedent beliefs, desires and other attitudes. Her wanting a drink and realizing that the glass contained one (...)
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  10. Talbot Brewer (2009). The Retrieval of Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
    Talbot Brewer offers a new approach to ethical theory, founded on a far-reaching reconsideration of the nature and sources of human agency.
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  11. William F. Brewer, Clark A. Chinn & Ala Samarapungavan (1998). Explanation in Scientists and Children. Minds and Machines 8 (1):119-136.score: 150.0
    In this paper we provide a psychological account of the nature and development of explanation. We propose that an explanation is an account that provides a conceptual framework for a phenomenon that leads to a feeling of understanding in the reader/hearer. The explanatory conceptual framework goes beyond the original phenomenon, integrates diverse aspects of the world, and shows how the original phenomenon follows from the framework. We propose that explanations in everyday life are judged on the criteria of (...)
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  12. William F. Brewer (1999). Perceptual Symbols: The Power and Limitations of a Theory of Dynamic Imagery and Structured Frames. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):611-612.score: 150.0
    The perceptual symbol approach to knowledge representation combines structured frames and dynamic imagery. The perceptual symbol approach provides a good account of the representation of scientific models, of some types of naive theories held by children and adults, and of certain reconstructive memory phenomena. The ontological status of perceptual symbols is unclear and this form of representation does not succeed in accounting for all forms of human knowledge.
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  13. Talbot Brewer (2002). The Character of Temptation: Towards a More Plausible Kantian Moral Psychology. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):103–130.score: 150.0
    Kant maintained that dutiful action can have the fullest measure of moral worth even if chosen in the face of powerful inclinations to act immorally, and indeed that opposing inclinations only highlight the worth of the action. I argue that this conclusion rests on an implausibly mechanistic account of desires, and that many desires are constituted by tendencies to see certain features of one’s circumstances as reasons to perform one or another action. I try to show that inclinations to violate (...)
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  14. Kimberly Brewer & Eric Watkins (2012). A Difficulty Still Awaits: Kant, Spinoza, and the Threat of Theological Determinism. Kant-Studien 103 (2):163-187.score: 150.0
    In a short and much-neglected passage in the second Critique, Kant discusses the threat posed to human freedom by theological determinism. In this paper we present an interpretation of Kant’s conception of and response to this threat. Regarding his conception, we argue that he addresses two versions of the threat: either God causes appearances (and hence our spatio-temporal actions) directly or he does so indirectly by causing things in themselves which in turn cause appearances. Kant’s response to the first version (...)
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  15. William F. Brewer & Clark A. Chinn (1994). Scientists' Responses to Anomalous Data: Evidence From Psychology, History, and Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:304 - 313.score: 150.0
    This paper presents an analysis of the forms of response that scientists make when confronted with anomalous data. We postulate that there are seven ways in which an individual who currently holds a theory can respond to anomalous data: (1) ignore the data; (2) reject the data; (3) exclude the data from the domain of the current theory; (4) hold the data in abeyance; (5) reinterpret the data; (6) make peripheral changes to the current theory; or (7) change the theory. (...)
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  16. Carol A. Brewer (2004). Near Real-Time Assessment of Student Learning and Understanding in Biology Courses. Bioscience 54 (11):1034.score: 150.0
    Computer technologies have transformed biology research, but the application of instructional technology tools to better connect teaching with learning has proceeded at a far slower pace. Especially in large-enrollment classes where many undergraduates are first introduced to biology, faculty can use computer-assisted instructional technologies to help gauge student understanding (and misunderstanding) of core science concepts and to better evaluate their own teaching practices. In this article, I report on two instructional technology tools, which prompt students to reflect on their learning (...)
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  17. Daniel J. Libby, Patrick D. Worhunsky, Corey E. Pilver & Judson A. Brewer (2012). Meditation-Induced Changes in High-Frequency Heart Rate Variability Predict Smoking Outcomes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 150.0
    Background: High-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) is a measure of parasympathetic nervous system output that has been associated with enhanced self-regulation. Low resting levels of HF-HRV are associated with nicotine dependence and blunted stress-related changes in HF-HRV are associated with decreased ability to resist smoking. Meditation has been shown to increase HF-HRV. However, it is unknown whether tonic levels of HF-HRV or acute changes in HF-HRV during meditation predict treatment responses in addictive behaviors such as smoking cessation. Purpose: To investigate (...)
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  18. Robert A. Nash, Kimberley A. Wade & Rebecca J. Brewer (2009). Why Do Doctored Images Distort Memory? Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):773-780.score: 140.0
  19. Matthew A. Palmer, Neil Brewer, Nathan Weber & Ambika Nagesh (2013). The Confidence-Accuracy Relationship for Eyewitness Identification Decisions: Effects of Exposure Duration, Retention Interval, and Divided Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (1):55.score: 140.0
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  20. Kathleen Garrison, Scheinost A., Worhunsky Dustin, D. Patrick, Hani Elwafi, Thornhill M., A. Thomas, Evan Thompson, Clifford Saron, Gaëlle Desbordes, Hedy Kober, Michelle Hampson, Jeremy Gray, Constable R., Papademetris R. Todd & Brewer Xenophon (2013). Real-Time fMRI Links Subjective Experience with Brain Activity During Focused Attention. Neuroimage 81:110--118.score: 120.0
  21. Rebecca Bamford, C. D. Brewer, Bayly Bucknell, Heather DeGrote, Loren Fabry, Madeleine E. M. Hammerlund & Bryan M. Weisbrod (2012). A Paradoxical Ethical Framework for Unpredictable Drug Shortages. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):16 - 18.score: 120.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 16-18, January 2012.
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  22. Kathryn Balstad Brewer (1997). Management as a Practice: A Response to Alasdair Macintyre. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):825-833.score: 120.0
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  23. Steven Yearley & John D. Brewer (1989). Stigma and Conversational Competence: A Conversation Analytic Study of the Mentally Handicapped. [REVIEW] Human Studies 12 (1-2):97 - 115.score: 120.0
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  24. Alyssa A. Brewer & Brian Barton (2014). Visual Cortex in Aging and Alzheimer's Disease: Changes in Visual Field Maps and Population Receptive Fields. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 120.0
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  25. Woo-Kyoung Ahn, William F. Brewer & Raymond J. Mooney (1988). Schema Acquisition From a Single Example. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):509-509.score: 120.0
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  26. Janette Atkinson, Edoardo Bisiach, Oliver Braddick, Bill Brewer, Michele Brouchon, Peter Bryant, George Butterworth, John Campbell, Bill Child & Lynn A. Cooper (1993). Workshop Participants. In Naomi Eilan, Rosaleen A. McCarthy & Bill Brewer (eds.), Spatial Representation: Problems in Philosophy and Psychology. Blackwell. 400.score: 120.0
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  27. Richard Brewer (1992). A Deficiency of Credulousness. Bioscience 42 (2):123-124.score: 120.0
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  28. Garry D. Brewer (1996). A Disaster of the First Order. Bioscience 46 (2):154-155.score: 120.0
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  29. Carol Brewer (2000). A Voice From the Nineteenth Century. Bioscience 50 (2):165.score: 120.0
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  30. Anthony Brewer (1993). [Book Review] Marxist Theories of Imperialism, a Critical Survey. [REVIEW] Science and Society 57:378-380.score: 120.0
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  31. William F. Brewer, Laura A. Carlson-Radvansky, G. Cossu, Catharine H. Echols, Karen Emmorey, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Alan Garnham, David E. Irwin, John J. Kim & Stephen M. Kosslyn (1993). Bellugi, Ursula, 139 Berent, Iris, 203. Cognition 46:299.score: 120.0
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  32. Colin Brewer (1979). Female and Male Climacteric. Edited by P.A. Van Keep and D.M. Serr and R.B. Greenblatt. (MTP, Lancaster, 1978.) Price £6.75. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 11 (4):488-489.score: 120.0
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  33. Stephanie Brewer & Trevor Williams (2004). Finally, a Sense of Closure? Animal Models of Human Ventral Body Wall Defects. Bioessays 26 (12):1307-1321.score: 120.0
  34. Talbot Brewer (2009). On Moral Alchemy : A Critical Examination of Post-9/11 U.S. Military Policy. In Matthew J. Morgan (ed.), The Impact of 9/11 on Religion and Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 120.0
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  35. Herbert Brewer (1934). Sterilization a Birth Control Method? The Eugenics Review 26 (2):166.score: 120.0
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  36. W. F. Brewer & C. A. Chinn (1994). The Theory-Ladenness of Data: An Experimental Demonstration. In. In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. 61--65.score: 120.0
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  37. Colin Brewer (1977). Third Time Unlucky: A Study of Women Who Have Three or More Legal Abortions. Journal of Biosocial Science 9 (1).score: 120.0
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  38. Gretchen B. Chapman, Noel T. Brewer, Elliot J. Coups, Susan Brownlee, Howard Leventhal & Elaine A. Levanthal (2001). Value for the Future and Preventive Health Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):235.score: 120.0
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  39. Brooke Baldauf McBride, Carol A. Brewer, Mary Bricker & Michael Machura (2011). Training the Next Generation of Renaissance Scientists: The GK–12 Ecologists, Educators, and Schools Program at the University of Montana. Bioscience 61 (6):466-476.score: 120.0
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  40. Lloyd R. Peterson, Charles L. Brewer & Richard Bertucco (1963). A Guessing Strategy with the Anticipation Technique. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (3):258.score: 120.0
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  41. Bill Brewer (2008). How to Account for Illusion. In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. 168-180.score: 60.0
    The question how to account for illusion has had a prominent role in shaping theories of perception throughout the history of philosophy. Prevailing philosophical wisdom today has it that phenomena of illusion force us to choose between the following two options. First, reject altogether the early modern empiricist idea that the core subjective character of perceptual experience is to be given simply by citing the object presented in that experience. Instead we must characterize perceptual experience entirely in terms of its (...)
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  42. Bill Brewer (2007). Perception and its Objects. Philosophical Studies 132 (1):87-97.score: 60.0
    Physical objects are such things as stones, tables, trees, people and other animals: the persisting macroscopic constituents of the world we live in. (1) therefore expresses a commonsense commitment to physical realism: the persisting macroscopic constituents of the world we live in exist, and are as they are, quite independently of anyone.
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  43. Bill Brewer (2005). Perceptual Experience has Conceptual Content. In Ernest Sosa & Matthias Steup (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell.score: 60.0
    I take it for granted that sense experiential states provide reasons for empirical beliefs; indeed this claim forms the first premise of my central argument for (CC). 1 The subsequent stages of the argument are intended to establish that a person has such a reason for believing something about the way things are in the world around him only if he is in some mental state or other with a conceptual content: a conceptual state. Thus, given that sense experiential states (...)
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  44. William F. Brewer & Bruce L. Lambert (2001). The Theory-Ladenness of Observation and the Theory-Ladenness of the Rest of the Scientific Process. Philosophy of Science 3 (September):S176-S186.score: 60.0
    We use evidence from cognitive psychology and the history of science to examine the issue of the theory-ladenness of perceptual observation. This evidence shows that perception is theory-laden, but that it is only strongly theory-laden when the perceptual evidence is ambiguous or degraded, or when it requires a difficult perceptual judgment. We argue that debates about the theory-ladenness issue have focused too narrowly on the issue of perceptual experience, and that a full account of the scientific process requires an examination (...)
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  45. Bill Brewer (2004). Realism and the Nature of Perceptual Experience. Philosophical Issues 14 (1):61-77.score: 60.0
    Realism concerning a given domain of things is the view that the things in that domain exist, and are as they are, quite independently of anyone.
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  46. Bill Brewer (1995). Bodily Awareness and the Self. In Jose Luis Bermudez, Anthony J. Marcel & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), The Body and the Self. Cambridge, Mass: Mit Press. 291-€“303.score: 60.0
    In The Varieties of Reference (1982), Gareth Evans claims that considerations having to do with certain basic ways we have of gaining knowledge of our own physical states and properties provide "the most powerful antidote to a Cartesian conception of the self" (220). In this chapter, I start with a discussion and evaluation of Evans' own argument, which is, I think, in the end unconvincing. Then I raise the possibility of a more direct application of similar considerations in defence of (...)
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  47. Bill Brewer (1998). Experience and Reason in Perception. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Current Issues in Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 203-227.score: 60.0
    The question I am interested in is this. What exactly is the role of conscious experience in the acquisition of knowledge on the basis of perception? The problem here, as I see it, is to solve simultaneously for the nature of this experience, and its role in acquiring and sustaining the relevant beliefs, in such a away as to vindicate what I regard as an undeniable datum, that perception is a basic source of knowledge about the mind- independent world, in (...)
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  48. Bill Brewer (2002). Emotion and Other Minds. In Understanding Emotions: Mind and Morals. Brookfield: Ashgate.score: 60.0
    What is the relation between emotional experience and its behavioural expression? As very preliminary clarification, I mean by ‘emotional experience’ such things as the subjective feeling of being afraid of something, or of being angry at someone. On the side of behavioural expression, I focus on such things as cowering in fear, or shaking a fist or thumping the table in anger. Very crudely, this is behaviour intermediate between the bodily changes which just happen in emotional arousal, such as sweating (...)
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  49. Bill Brewer, Berkeley and Modern Metaphysics.score: 60.0
    Notoriously, Berkeley combines his denial of the existence of mind-independent matter with the insistence that most of what common sense claims about physical objects is perfectly true (1975a, 1975b).1 As I explain (§ 1), he suggests two broad strategies for this reconciliation, one of which importantly subdivides. Thus, I distinguish three Berkeleyian metaphysical views. The subsequent argument is as follows. Reflection, both upon Berkeley’s ingenious construal of science as approaching towards an essentially indirect identification of the causal-explanatory ground of the (...)
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  50. Bill Brewer (2004). Self-Knowledge and Externalism. In J.M. Larrazabal & L.A. PC)rez Miranda (eds.), Language, Knowledge and Representation. Kluwer. 39-47.score: 60.0
    I want to discuss the possibility of combining a so-called.
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