Search results for 'Genocide' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Claudia Card, Confronting Evils & Cambridge Genocide (2010). Campbell, Joseph Keim, Michael O'Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein (Eds), Knowledge and Skepticism, Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press, 2010, Pp. Viii+ 367,£ 25.95/£ 51.95. Canfield, John V., Becoming Human: The Development of Language, Self, and Self-Consciousness, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave, 2007, Pp. Viii+ 186. [REVIEW] Mind 119:475.score: 30.0
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  2. Wes Morriston (2012). Ethical Criticism of the Bible: The Case of Divinely Mandated Genocide. Sophia 51 (1):117-135.score: 18.0
    Taking as a test case biblical texts in which the God of Israel commands the destruction other nations, the present paper defends the legitimacy and the necessity of ethical criticism of the Bible. It takes issue with the suggestions of several contemporary Christian philosophers who have recently defended the view that (in Israel’s early history) God had good and morally sufficient reasons for commanding genocide.
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  3. Jeremy J. Sarkin & Carly Fowler (2008). Reparations for Historical Human Rights Violations: The International and Historical Dimensions of the Alien Torts Claims Act Genocide Case of the Herero of Namibia. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 9 (3):331-360.score: 18.0
    Between 1904 and 1908, German colonialists in German South West Africa (GSWA, known today as Namibia) committed genocide and other international crimes against two indigenous groups, the Herero and the Nama. From the late 1990s, the Herero have sought reparations from the German government and several German corporations for what occurred more than a hundred years ago. This article examines and contextualizes the issues concerning reparations for historical human rights claims. It describes and analyzes the events in GSWA at (...)
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  4. Claudia Card (2010). Confronting Evils: Terrorism, Torture, Genocide. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    Machine generated contents note: Part I. The Concept of Evil: 1. Inexcusable wrongs; 2. Between good and evil; 3. Complicity in structural evils; 4. To whom (or to what?) can evils be done?; Part II. Terrorism, Torture, Genocide: 5. Counterterrorism; 6. Low-profile terrorism; 7. Conscientious torture?; 8. Ordinary torture; 9. Genocide is social death; 10. Genocide by forced impregnation; Bibliography; Filmography; Websites; Index.
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  5. Aleksandar Jokic (2014). Transitional Justice and “Genocide”: Practical Ethics for Genocide Narratives. Journal of Ethics 18 (1):23-46.score: 18.0
    In the wake of the Cold War a characteristic style of genocide narratives emerged in the West. For the most part, philosophers did not pay attention to this development even though they are uniquely qualified to address arguments and conceptual issues discussed in this burgeoning genocide genre. While ostensibly a response to a specific recent article belonging to the genre, this essay offers an outline of an ethics of genocide narratives in the form of four lessons on (...)
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  6. David Patterson (2012). Genocide in Jewish Thought. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    1. Introduction: a name, not an essence -- 2. Why Jewish thought and what makes it Jewish? -- 3. Deadly philosophical abstraction -- 4. The stranger in your midst -- 5. Nefesh: the soul as flesh and blood -- 6. The environmentalist contribution to genocide -- 7. Torture -- 8. Hunger and homelessness -- 9. Philosophy, religion, and genocide -- 10. A concluding reflection on body and soul.
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  7. John Roth (2010). Easy to Remember?: Genocide and the Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1):31-42.score: 18.0
    Philosophers of religion have written a great deal about the problem of evil. Their reflections, however, have not concentrated, at least not extensively or sufficiently, on the particularities of evil that manifest themselves in genocide. Concentrating on some of those particularities, this essay reflects on genocide, which has sometimes been called the crime of crimes, to raise questions such as: how should genocide affect the philosophy of religion and what might philosophers of religion contribute to help check (...)
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  8. Siobhan Nash-Marshall & Rita Mahdessian (2013). Lies, Damned Lies, and Genocide. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):116-144.score: 18.0
    This article analyzes the claim that “deliberate denial [of genocide] is a form of aggression that ought to be regarded as a contribution to genocidal violence in its own right.” Its objective is to demonstrate that the claim is substantially correct: there are instances of genocide negation that are genocidal acts. The article suggests that one such instance is contained in a letter sent to Professor Robert Jay Lifton by Turkey's ambassador to the United States. The article is (...)
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  9. Joyce Apsel (2011). Educating a New Generation: The Model of the “Genocide and Human Rights University Program”. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 12 (4):465-486.score: 18.0
    This paper examines the design and teaching of "Genocide and Human Rights," an innovative, higher education course introduced in 2002 to provide training for a new generation of scholars and teachers. The course was developed and funded by a small non-profit organization, the Zoryan Institute, in Toronto, Canada. One purpose of the course is to teach about the Armenian genocide within a comparative genocide and human rights framework. Another goal is to fill a gap in the curriculum (...)
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  10. Justinas Žilinskas (2009). Broadening the Concept of Genocide in Lithuania's Criminal Law and the Principle Nullum Crimen Sine Lege. Jurisprudence 118 (4):333-348.score: 18.0
    The present article discusses the broadening of the concept of genocide in Lithuanian national criminal law with regard to the principle of nullum crimen sine lege. The broadened definition, which includes two groups, social and political raises serious problems when the national provisions on genocide are applied retroactively. However, in the case of Lithuania, such a broadening of the definition may be interpreted not as an introduction of distinct independent groups, but of groups that closely overlap with the (...)
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  11. John K. Roth (ed.) (2005). Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 18.0
    Genocide is evil or nothing could be. It raises a host of questions about humanity, rights, justice, and reality, which are key areas of concern for philosophy. Strangely, however, philosophers have tended to ignore genocide. Even more problematic, philosophy and philosophers bear more responsibility for genocide than they have usually admitted. In Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide, an international group of twenty-five contemporary philosophers work to correct those deficiencies by showing how philosophy can and (...)
     
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  12. Erik Schneiderhan (2013). Genocide Reconsidered: A Pragmatist Approach. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):280-300.score: 18.0
    The recent literature on genocide shows signs of taking what might be called a “processual turn,” with genocide increasingly understood as a contingent process rather than a singular event. But while this second generation's turn may be clear to those within the literature, the theory guiding the change is insufficiently specified. The theory regarding process and contingency is implicit, and, as such, genocide theory does not realize its full generative potential. The primary goal of this article is (...)
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  13. Lynne Tirrell (2013). Studying Genocide: A Pragmatist Approach to Action-Engendering Discourse. In Graham Hubbs & Douglas Lind (eds.), Pragmatism, Law, and Language. Routledge.score: 18.0
    Drawing on my recent work using inferential role semantics and elements of speech act theory to analyze the role of derogatory terms (a.k.a. ‘hate speech’, or ‘slurs’) in the 1994 genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda, as well as the role of certain kinds of reparative speech acts in post-genocide Rwanda, this paper highlights key pragmatist commitments that inform the methods and goals of this practical analysis of real world events. In “Genocidal Language Games”, I used conceptual tools (...)
     
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  14. Lynne Tirrell (forthcoming). “Transitional Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda: An Integrative Approach”. In Claudio Corradetti, Nir Eisikovits & Jack Rotondi (eds.), Theorizing Transitional Justice. Ashgate.score: 18.0
    An imperfect “politics of justice” seems to be inevitable in the aftermath of genocide. In Rwanda, this is especially true, given the scale of the atrocities, the breadth of participation, and the need to build a justice system from scratch while establishing security and restoring the rule of law. Official contexts for survivor testimony and corresponding perpetrator punishment are crucial for establishing shared norms and narratives, but these processes can destabilize social relations in important ways. Accordingly, without development, these (...)
     
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  15. Bill Wringe (2006). Collective Action and the Peculiar Evil of Genocide. Metaphilosophy 37 (3-4):376–392.score: 15.0
  16. William C. Bradford (2006). Acknowledging and Rectifying the Genocide of American Indians: "Why is It That They Carry Their Lives on Their Fingernails?". Metaphilosophy 37 (3-4):515–543.score: 15.0
  17. Mohammed Abed (2006). Clarifying the Concept of Genocide. Metaphilosophy 37 (3-4):308–330.score: 15.0
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  18. Karen Kovach (2006). Genocide and the Moral Agency of Ethnic Groups. Metaphilosophy 37 (3-4):331–352.score: 15.0
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  19. Berel Lang (2011). Between Genocide and “Genocide”. History and Theory 50 (2):285-294.score: 15.0
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  20. Elizabeth Strakosch (2005). The Political Methodology of Genocide Denial. Dialogue 3 (3):1-23.score: 15.0
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  21. Claudia Card (2003). Genocide and Social Death. Hypatia 18 (1):63-79.score: 12.0
    : Social death, central to the evil of genocide (whether the genocide is homicidal or primarily cultural), distinguishes genocide from other mass murders. Loss of social vitality is loss of identity and thereby of meaning for one's existence. Seeing social death at the center of genocide takes our focus off body counts and loss of individual talents, directing us instead to mourn losses of relationships that create community and give meaning to the development of talents.
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  22. Larry May (2010). Complicity and the Rwandan Genocide. Res Publica 16 (2):135-152.score: 12.0
    The Rwandan genocide of 1994 occurred due to widespread complicity. I will argue that complicity can be the basis for legal liability, even for criminal liability, if two conditions are met. First, the person’s actions or inactions must be causally efficacious at least in the sense that had the person not committed these actions or inactions the harm would have been made significantly less likely to occur. Second, the person must know that her actions or inactions risk contributing to (...)
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  23. Arne Johan Vetlesen (1998). Impartiality and Evil: A Reconsideration Provoked by Genocide in Bosnia. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (5):1-35.score: 12.0
    Confronted with Adolf Eichmann, evildoer par excellence, Hannah Arendt sought in vain for any 'depth' to the evil he had wrought. How is the philosopher to approach evil ? Is the celebrated criterion of impartiality ill-equipped to guide judgment when its object is evil - as exhibited, for instance, in the recent genocide in Bosnia? This essay questions the ability of the neutral 'third party' to respond adequately to evil from a standpoint of avowed impartiality. Discussing the different roles (...)
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  24. Andrew Altman (2012). Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: Dispelling the Conceptual Fog. Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (1):280-308.score: 12.0
    Genocide and crimes against humanity are among the core crimes of international law, but they also carry great moral resonance due to their indissoluble link to the atrocities of the Nazi regime and to other egregious episodes of mass violence. However, the concepts of genocide and crimes against humanity are not well understood, even by the international lawyers and jurists who are most concerned with them. A conceptual fog hovers around the discussion of these two categories of crime. (...)
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  25. Colleen Murphy (2007). Political Reconciliation, the Rule of Law, and Genocide. The European Legacy 12 (7):853-865.score: 12.0
    Political reconciliation involves the repairing of damaged political relationships. This paper considers the possibility and moral justifiability of pursuing political reconciliation in the aftermath of systematic and egregious wrongdoing, in particular genocide. The first two sections discuss what political reconciliation specifically requires. I argue that it neither entails nor necessitates forgiveness. Rather, I claim, political reconciliation should be conceptualized as the (re-)establishment of Fullerian mutual respect for the rule of law. When a society governs by law, publicly declared legal (...)
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  26. Seumas Miller (1998). Collective Responsibility, Armed Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):223-238.score: 12.0
    In this paper I explore the notion of collective moral responsibility as it pertains both to nation-states contemplating humanitarian armed intervention in international social conflicts, and as it pertains to social groups perpetrating human rights violations in such conflicts. I take the Rwandan genocide as illustrative of such conflicts and make use of it accordingly. I offer an individualist account of collective moral responsibility, according to which collective moral responsibility is a species of joint responsibility.
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  27. Hannes Gerhardt (2011). Giorgio Agamben's Lessons and Limitations in Confronting the Problem of Genocide. Journal of Global Ethics 7 (1):5 - 17.score: 12.0
    In this paper, I work through the possible contours of an anti-genocide based on a framework informed by the work of Giorgio Agamben. Such a framework posits the inherent need to circumvent sovereign power within any form of normative activism. To begin, I show how the nascent anti-genocide movement promotes an ideal in which ?Western? states, particularly the USA, accept the global responsibility to protect persecuted life beyond national boundaries. Using Agamben, I argue that this vision also entails (...)
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  28. Naomi Head (2011). Bringing Reflective Judgement Into International Relations: Exploring the Rwandan Genocide. Journal of Global Ethics 6 (2):191-204.score: 12.0
    This article explores the role of reflective judgement in international relations through the lens of the Rwandan genocide in 1994. It argues that Hannah Arendt's writings on reflective judgement, and the dual perspectives of actor and spectator she articulates, offer us a set of conceptual tools with which to examine the failure of the international community to respond to the genocide as well as more broadly to understand the moral dilemmas posed by such crimes against humanity. Having identified (...)
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  29. Henry C. Theriault (2010). Genocidal Mutation and the Challenge of Definition. Metaphilosophy 41 (4):481-524.score: 12.0
    Abstract: The optimum definition of the term "genocide" has been hotly contested almost since the term was coined. Definitional boundaries determine which acts are covered and excluded and thus to a great extent which cases will benefit from international attention, intervention, prosecution, and reparation. The extensive legal, political, and scholarly discussions prior to this article have typically (1) assumed "genocide" to be a fixed social object and attempted to define it as precisely as possible or (2) assumed the (...)
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  30. Christopher Macleod, An Alternative Approach to the Harm of Genocide.score: 12.0
    It is a widely shared belief that genocide – the ‘crime of crimes’– is more morally significant than ‘mere’ large-scale mass murder. Various attempts have been made to capture that separate evil of genocide: some have attempted to locate it in damage done to individuals, while others have focused upon the harm done to collectives. In this article, I offer a third, neglected, option. Genocide damages humankind: it is here that the difference is to be found. I (...)
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  31. Victoria Davion (2009). Feminist Perspectives on Global Warming, Genocide, and Card's Theory of Evil. Hypatia 24 (1):160 - 177.score: 12.0
    This essay explores several moral issues raised by global warming through the lens of Claudia Card's theory of evil. I focus on Alaskan villages in the sub-Arctic whose residents must relocate owing to extreme erosion, melting sea ice, and rising water levels. I use Card's discussion of genocide as social death to argue that failure to help these groups maintain their unique cultural identities can be thought of as genocidal.
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  32. Natalie Nenadic (2011). Genocide and Sexual Atrocities: Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem and Karadžić in New York. Philosophical Topics 39 (2):117-144.score: 12.0
    International law has recently recognized that sexual atrocities can be acts of genocide. This precedent was pioneered through a landmark lawsuit in New York against Radovan Karadžić, head of the Bosnian Serbs (Kadic v. Karadzic , 1993-2000), a case in which I played a central role. I argue that we may situate this development philosophically in relation to Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil . She aims to secure a better understanding of (...) than was achieved at the Nuremberg Trials (1945) and at the Eichmann trial (1961). Arendt claims that these trials were limited by formalism because they applied familiar paradigms onto these new experiences in a manner that obscured what was distinctive about them and that demanded original thinking and a new paradigm. Nuremberg obscured genocide by miscasting it as a traditional "war crime," a problem that the Jerusalem court exposed but could have better clarified. Through a first-hand account, I show how we too had to secure a new paradigm by treating the facts on their own terms and coining the crime as "genocidal rape." We had to wrest this paradigm from a prevailing approach that also formally applied the category of "war crimes" onto these experiences in a way that obscured them and interfered with justice. (shrink)
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  33. Lynne Tirrell (2012). Genocidal Language Games. In Ishani Maitra & Mary Kate McGowan (eds.), Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech. Oxford University Press. 174--221.score: 12.0
    This chapter examines the role played by derogatory terms (e.g., ‘inyenzi’ or cockroach, ‘inzoka’ or snake) in laying the social groundwork for the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda in 1994. The genocide was preceded by an increase in the use of anti-Tutsi derogatory terms among the Hutu. As these linguistic practices evolved, the terms became more openly and directly aimed at Tutsi. Then, during the 100 days of the genocide, derogatory terms and coded euphemisms were used (...)
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  34. Mario Baccianini (1986). A Century of Genocide. Telos 1986 (70):154-161.score: 12.0
    The fact diat die first formal recognition of die crime of genocide (crimen lesae humanitatis) took place at Nuremberg in 1945 is extremely significant. Those who, to quote Adorno, record the extermination camps as “working incidents” in the victorious advance of civilization, or see “the martyrdom of die Jews as an irrelevant episode in the context of universal history,” fail to grasp die dominating trait of twentieth century atrocities: the perverse secularization of die religious motivations of genocide in (...)
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  35. Bradley Campbell (2009). Genocide as Social Control. Sociological Theory 27 (2):150 - 172.score: 12.0
    Genocide is defined here as organized and unilateral mass killing on the basis of ethnicity. While some have focused on genocide as a type of deviance, most genocide is also social control — a response to behavior itself defined as deviant. As such, it can be explained as a part of a general theory of social control. Black's (1998) theories of social control explain the handling of conflicts with their social geometry — that is, with the social (...)
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  36. Kenneth J. Campbell (2004). The Role of Individual States in Addressing Cases of Genocide. Human Rights Review 5 (4):32-45.score: 12.0
    Overall, the leading Western states responded to genocide in the 1990s with too little, too late. Their political leaders chose a shortsighted strategy of denial, obfuscation, and deception rather than live, up to their solemn obligation to stop genocide. Humanity suffered greatly as a consequence. However, if genocide scholars can join and give direction to the ongoing debate within the national security community about how to prevent future Rwandas and Srebrenicas, then there is some hope that this (...)
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  37. Israel W. Charny (2000). Innocent Denials of Known Genocides: A Further Contribution to a Psychology of Denial of Genocide. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 1 (3):15-39.score: 12.0
    The problem of revisionism, or efforts to deny and censor the incontrovertible history of known genocides, is a growing one. It is now clear that denial is inevitably a phase of the genocidal process, extending far beyond the immediate politically expedient denials of governments who are currently engaging in genocidal massacre or have just recently done so—i.e., the Chinese government's abject denials of the killings of some 5,000 in Tiananmen Square, or the Sri Lanka government's denials of the state-organized massacre (...)
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  38. Daniela De Vito (2008). Rape as Genocide: The Group/Individual Schism. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 9 (3):361-378.score: 12.0
    This paper discusses, within the context of analytical theory, some of the implications when rape is subsumed within the international crime of genocide and concludes that this type of enquiry is essential for creating a clearer framework to address and understand this violation. From the analysis undertaken, two critical questions become apparent: a) Does compatibility exist when rape is subsumed within the category of a group violation (genocide), if rape is constructed as a violation of an individual’s sexual (...)
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  39. E. C. Eze (2005). Epistemic Conditions for Genocide. In John K. Roth (ed.), Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide. Palgrave Macmillan. 115--129.score: 12.0
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  40. Ninon Grangé (2009). Les génocides et l'état de guerre. Astérion 6.score: 12.0
    La définition du mot « génocide » relève d’emblée d’ambiguïtés lexicales et conceptuelles. À l’origine juridique, le terme divise les historiens qui y voient tantôt une spécificité du xxe siècle, tantôt un hapax avec la « solution finale », tantôt un phénomène plus ancien avec le moment fondamental de la colonisation ouverte à l’idée d’extermination. Ainsi, la prudence fera préférer la notion de « massacre de masse ».L’instrumentalisation politique de la référence à l’état de guerre est un parallélisme plutôt qu’une (...)
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  41. D. H. Jones (2005). The Right to Life, Genocide and the Problem of Bystander State. In John K. Roth (ed.), Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide. Palgrave Macmillan. 265--276.score: 12.0
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  42. Noëlle Quénivet (2006). The Report of The International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur: The Question of Genocide. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 7 (4):38-68.score: 12.0
    The crisis in Darfur (Sudan), which sparked in February 2003, only caught the United Nations’ attention in Spring 2004. Questions emerged as to whether the conflict between the rebels and the government was simply insurgency warfare or, in fact, concealed a genocide carried out by the Arab, Muslim-led government against the Animist and Christian-African population. The issue became so divisive that the Security Council requested the creation of an investigation team, the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur, which amongst (...)
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  43. Peter Ronayne (2004). Genocide in Kosovo. Human Rights Review 5 (4):57-71.score: 12.0
    That Kosovo exploded with genocidal violence in 1999 and ultimately prompted outside intervention surprised few—it was a long-festering hotspot but one that fell low on the world politics priority lists, despite the brutal “wars of Yugoslav” succession that engulfed Serbia, Bosnia, and Croatia. But for a relatively small scale conflict in a rather unknown corner of the world, Kosovo’s crisis of 1998–1999 brought with it a host of complex issues that challenge the international community to this day. As with any (...)
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  44. Samuel Totten & Paul R. Bartrop (2004). The United Nations and Genocide: Prevention, Intervention, and Prosecution. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 5 (4):8-31.score: 12.0
    The UN has to date not been effective in preventing genocide, and has had only a slightly better record in stopping it. There have been occasions when its interventions has occurred only after a genocide has taken place, and even then its major focus has been on facilitating the provision of aid by non-governmental agencies rather than on the task of tracking down the perpetrators and bringing them to justice. The exceptions of the ICTY and the ICTR are (...)
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  45. Lawrence Woocher (2007). Peace Operations and the Prevention of Genocide. Human Rights Review 8 (4):307-318.score: 12.0
    This article discusses the potential and limitations of peace operations in the prevention of genocide. Peace operations encompass a wide range of military and police actions with nontraditional military goals, typically taken under multilateral auspices. These operations have grown in number and complexity in recent years, and current trends point to their playing an ever-growing role with respect to genocide prevention. Despite some progress, there are several significant obstacles to ensuring that peace operations reliably contribute to the prevention (...)
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  46. Edith Wyschogrod (2005). Warring Logics of Genocide in Genocide and Human Rights. In John K. Roth (ed.), Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 12.0
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  47. B. Kiernan (2004). The First Genocide: Carthage, 146 BC. Diogenes 51 (3):27-39.score: 10.0
    Some features of the ideology motivating the Roman destruction of Carthage in 146 BC have surprisingly modern echoes in 20th-century genocides. Racial, religious or cultural prejudices, gender and other social hierarchies, territorial expansionism, and an idealization of cultivation all characterize the thinking of Cato the Censor, like that of more recent perpetrators. The tragedy of Carthage, its details lost with most of the works of Livy and other ancient authors, and concealed behind allegory in Virgil’s Aeneid, became known to early (...)
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  48. Ilan Gur‐Ze'ev (1998). The Morality of Acknowledging/Not‐Acknowledging the Other's Holocaust/Genocide. Journal of Moral Education 27 (2):161-177.score: 10.0
    Abstract The issue of producing and controlling the memories of the Holocaust is evaluated in this paper as a valid universal example of the struggle over self?identity and the recognition of ?the other? as a moral subject. The normal realisation of morality is presented as part of the denial of the other's identity, knowledge and value. The dialectics of the memories of the Holocaust and the possibility of a non?violent moral education is examined by questioning its treatment of the suffering (...)
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  49. Calvin O. Schrag (2006). Otherness and the Problem of Evil: How Does That Which Is Other Become Evil? [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1/3):149 - 156.score: 9.0
    In seeking to answer the question "How does that which is other become evil?" the author provides a discussion of four entwined aspects of the issue at stake: (1) difficulty in achieving clarity on the grammar of evil; (2) genocide as a striking illustration of otherness becoming evil; (3) the challenge of postnationalism as a resource for dealing with otherness in the socio-political arena; and (4) the ethico-religious dimension as it relates to the wider problem of evil.
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  50. Steven P. Lee (2010). The Moral Distinctiveness of Genocide. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (3):335-356.score: 9.0
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