Search results for 'Gerald D. Doppelt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gerald D. Doppelt (2011). From Standard Scientific Realism and Structural Realism to Best Current Theory Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):295-316.score: 870.0
    I defend a realist commitment to the truth of our most empirically successful current scientific theories—on the ground that it provides the best explanation of their success and the success of their falsified predecessors. I argue that this Best Current Theory Realism (BCTR) is superior to preservative realism (PR) and the structural realism (SR). I show that PR and SR rest on the implausible assumption that the success of outdated theories requires the realist to hold that these theories possessed truthful (...)
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  2. James W. McAllister, Leonard Angel, Jonathan Bain, Craig Callender, Tian Yu Cao, Lisa Dolling, Gerald D. Doppelt, Antony Eagle, Henry Folse & Mélanie Frappier (2006). Editor's Report, 2005. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2).score: 870.0
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  3. Gerald Doppelt (2005). Empirical Success or Explanatory Success: What Does Current Scientific Realism Need to Explain? Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1076-1087.score: 240.0
    Against the well-known objection that in the history of science there are many theories that are successful but false, Psillos offers a three-pronged defense of scientific realism as the best explanation for the success of science. Focusing on these, I criticize Psillos’ defense, arguing that each prong is weakened when we recognize that according to realist rebuttals of the underdetermination argument and versions of empiricism, realists are committed to accounting for the explanatory success of theories, not their mere empirical adequacy (...)
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  4. Gerald Doppelt (2007). Reconstructing Scientific Realism to Rebut the Pessimistic Meta-Induction. Philosophy of Science 74 (1):96-118.score: 240.0
    This paper develops a stronger version of ‘inference-to-the-best explanation’ scientific realism. I argue against three standard assumptions of current realists: (1) realism is confirmed if it provides the best explanation of theories’ predictive success; (2) the realist claim that successful theories are always approximately true provides the best explanation of their success; and (3) realists are committed to giving the same sort of truth-based explanation of superseded theories’ success that they give to explain our best current theories’ success. On the (...)
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  5. Gerald Doppelt (1978). Kuhn's Epistemological Relativism: An Interpretation and Defense. Inquiry 21 (1-4):33 – 86.score: 240.0
    This article attempts to develop a rational reconstruction of Kuhn's epistemological relativism which effectively defends it against an influential line of criticism in the work of Shapere and Scheffler. Against the latter's reading of Kuhn, it is argued (1) that it is the incommensurability of scientific problems, data, and standards, not that of scientific meanings which primarily grounds the relativism argument; and (2) that Kuhnian incommensurability is compatible with far greater epistemological continuity from one theory to another than is implied (...)
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  6. Gerald Doppelt, Does Structural Realism Provide the Best Explanation of the Predictive Success of Science?score: 240.0
    I examine Carrier’s and Ladyman’s structural realist (‘SR’) explanation of the predictive success of phlogiston chemistry. On their account, it succeeds because phlogiston chemists grasped that there is some common unobservable structure of relations underlying combustion, calcification, and respiration. I argue that this SR account depends on assuming the truth of current chemical theory of oxidation and reduction, which provides a better explanation of the success of phlogiston theory than SR provides. I defend an alternative version of inference-to-the-best-explanation scientific realism (...)
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  7. Gerald Doppelt (2009). The Place of Self-Respect in a Theory of Justice. Inquiry 52 (2):127 – 154.score: 240.0
    This essay provides a critical examination of Rawls' (and Rawlsians') conception of self-respect, the social bases of self-respect, and the normative justification of equality in the social bases of self-respect. I defend a rival account of these notions and the normative ideals at stake in political liberalism and a theory of social justice. I make the following arguments: (1) I argue that it is unreasonable to take self-respect to be a primary social good, as Rawls and his interpreters characterize it; (...)
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  8. Gerald Doppelt (2002). Review of Relativism and Reality and How Science Tracks Truth. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 111 (1):142-147.score: 240.0
  9. Gerald Doppelt (1981). Rawls' System of Justice: A Critique From the Left. Noûs 15 (3):259-307.score: 240.0
  10. Gerald Doppelt & Richard Arneson, Justice and Human Good.score: 240.0
    Contemporary theories of justice frequently suppose that a legitimate state does not coerce people to comply with values or principles that they could reasonably reject. This ideal of legitimacy is thought to imply neutrality on the good: The State should not coerce people to comply with controversial conceptions of the good (which people could reasonably reject). As Ronald Dworkin puts the point, the government's policies should “be neutral on the question of the good life, or of what gives value to (...)
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  11. Gerald Doppelt (1993). The Moral Limits of Feinberg's Liberalism. Inquiry 36 (3):255 – 286.score: 240.0
    This essay explores Joel Feinberg's conception of liberalism and the moral limits of the criminal law. Feinberg identifies liberty with the absence of law. He defends a strong liberal presumption against law, except where it is necessary to prevent wrongful harm or offense to others. Drawing on Rawlsian, Marxian, and feminist standpoints, I argue that there are injuries to individual liberty rooted not in law, but in civil society. Against Feinberg, I defend a richer account of liberalism and liberty, linking (...)
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  12. Gerald Doppelt (2002). Can Traditional Ethical Theory Meet the Challenges of Feminism, Multiculturalism, and Environmentalism? Journal of Ethics 6 (4):383-405.score: 240.0
    This paper aims to evaluate thechallenges posed to traditional ethical theoryby the ethics of feminism, multiculturalism,and environmentalism. I argue that JamesSterba, in his Three Challenges to Ethics,provides a distorted assessment by trying toassimilate feminism, multiculturalism, andenvironmentalism into traditional utilitarian,virtue, and Kantian/Rawlsian ethics – which hethus seeks to rescue from their alleged``biases.'''' In the cases of feminism andmulticulturalism, I provide an alternativeaccount on which these new critical discourseschallenge the whole paradigm or conception ofethical inquiry embodied in the tradition.They embrace different questions, (...)
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  13. Gerald Doppelt (1982). Erratum: Rawls' System of Justice: A Critique From the Left. Noûs 16 (2):357.score: 240.0
  14. Gerald Doppelt (1978). Incorrigibility and the Mental. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56 (May):3-20.score: 240.0
  15. Gerald Doppelt (2013). Explaining the Success of Science: Kuhn and Scientific Realists. Topoi 32 (1):43-51.score: 240.0
    In this essay, I critically evaluate the approaches to explaining the success of science in Kuhn and the works of inference-to-the-best-explanation scientific realists. Kuhn’s challenge to realists, who invoke the truth of theories to explain their success, is two-fold. His paradigm-account of success confronts realists with the problem of theory change, and the historical fact of successful theories later rejected as false. Secondly, Kuhn’s account of the success of science has no need to bring truth into the explanation. In turn, (...)
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  16. Gerald Doppelt (1978). Walzer's Theory of Morality in International Relations. Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (1):3-26.score: 240.0
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  17. Gerald Doppelt (1989). Is Rawl's Kantian Liberalism Coherent and Defensible? Ethics 99 (4):815-851.score: 240.0
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  18. Gerald Doppelt (1998). Is There a Multicultural Liberalism? Inquiry 41 (2):223 – 248.score: 240.0
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  19. Gerald Doppelt (1988). The Philosophical Requirements for an Adequate Conception of Scientific Rationality. Philosophy of Science 55 (1):104-133.score: 240.0
    I argue that post-Kuhnian approaches to rational scientific change fail to appreciate several distinct philosophical requirements and relativist challenges that have been assumed to be, and may in fact be essential to any adequate conception of scientific rationality. These separate requirements and relativist challenges are clearly distinguished and motivated. My argument then focuses on Shapere's view that there are typically good reasons for scientific change. I argue: (1) that contrary to his central aim, his account of good reasons ultimately presupposes (...)
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  20. Gerald Doppelt (2001). Incommensurability and the Normative Foundations of Scientific Knowledge. In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer. 159--179.score: 240.0
  21. Gerald Doppelt (1990). The Naturalist Conception of Methodological Standards in Science: A Critique. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):1-19.score: 240.0
    In this essay, I criticize Laudan's view that methodological rules in science are best understood as hypothetical imperatives, for example, to realize cognitive aim A, follow method B. I criticize his idea that such rules are best evaluated by a naturalized philosophy of science which collects the empirical evidence bearing on the soundness of these rules. My claim is that this view yields a poor explanation of (1) the role of methodological rules in establishing the rationality of scientific practices, (2) (...)
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  22. Gerald Doppelt (1986). Relativism and the Reticulational Model of Scientific Rationality. Synthese 69 (2):225 - 252.score: 240.0
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  23. Gerald Doppelt (1979). The Austin-Malcolm Argument for the Incorrigibility of Perceptual Reports. Dialectica 33 (1):59-75.score: 240.0
  24. Gerald Doppelt (1980). Statism Without Foundations. Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (4):398-403.score: 240.0
  25. Gerald Doppelt (2001). What Sort of Ethics Does Technology Require? Journal of Ethics 5 (2):155-175.score: 240.0
    This essay critically examines thenon-essentialist and anti-deterministicphilosophy of technology developed in the workof Andrew Feenberg. As I interpret the work,Feenberg achieves an important``demystification'''' of technology. His analysispeels away the facade of ironclad efficiency,rationality, and necessity that permeates ourexperience of technology. Through theoreticalargument and rich examples, he illuminated thecontingent interests, values, meanings, andvoices that are built into specifictechnologies, often by experts. He shows howtechnology is transformed by lay actors whochallenge its design on behalf of a wideragenda of interests, values, meanings andvoices. (...)
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  26. Gerald Doppelt (1973). Dretske's Conception of Perception and Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 40 (September):433-446.score: 240.0
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  27. Gerald Doppelt (1980). Ii. A Reply to Siegel on Kuhnian Relativism. Inquiry 23 (1):117 – 123.score: 240.0
    Siegel argues that the Kuhnian relativism presented in ?Kuhn's Epistemological Relativism? fails because it neglects the possibility of rational choice in science between rival paradigms? own incommensurable standards on the basis of ?paradigm?neutral external standards?. In reply, it is argued (1) that Siegel has given no reason to believe that there are such external standards in science, (2) that the mere ?possibility? of such standards in scientific debate is not sufficient to vitiate Kuhn's relativism, (3) that the actual existence of (...)
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  28. Gerald Doppelt (2003). The Theory of Justice From a Hermeneutic Perspective. Inquiry 46 (4):449 – 472.score: 240.0
    In this article, I argue that Gadamer's hermeneutics of historical tradition does not imply a conservative stance on ethical and political issues. My essay seeks to show that Gadamer's philosophy leaves ample room for normative criticism, objectivity, and theories of justice at odds with conventional common sense. I critically examine Walzer's Spheres of Justice, reading it as an attempt to obtain a normative account of justice based on a hermeneutical framework of interpretation. I make several criticisms of Walzer's method and (...)
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  29. Gerald Doppelt (2001). Does the Extension of Democratic Decision-Making Imply Social Justice? Inquiry 44 (3):359 – 383.score: 240.0
  30. Gerald Doppelt (1988). Rawls' Kantian Ideal and the Viability of Modern Liberalism. Inquiry 31 (4):413 – 449.score: 240.0
    Rawlsian liberalism is best understood and defended on the basis of a concrete but widely shared ideal of the person as a rational agent capable of normative self?determination in the proper political and economic conditions. In Rawls? recent works, this neo?Kantian ideal of free moral personality is no longer understood as a requirement of rational or moral agency as such, but is a concrete historical ideal or meta?value presupposed by the living tradition of liberal?democratic judgment and practice, which reason can (...)
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  31. Gerald Doppelt (2014). Best Theory Scientific Realism. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):271-291.score: 240.0
    The aim of this essay is to argue for a new version of ‘inference-to-the-best-explanation’ scientific realism, which I characterize as Best Theory Realism or ‘BTR’. On BTR, the realist needs only to embrace a commitment to the truth or approximate truth of the best theories in a field, those which are unique in satisfying the highest standards of empirical success in a mature field with many successful but falsified predecessors. I argue that taking our best theories to be true is (...)
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  32. Gerald Doppelt (1984). Conflicting Social Paradigms of Human Freedom and the Problem of Justification. Inquiry 27 (1-4):51 – 86.score: 240.0
    In recent work, Rawls, Nozick, and the ?democratic?socialist? theory of Markovi? and Gould, attempt to ground rival models of just economic relations on the basis of conflicting interpretations of human freedom. Beginning with a philosophical conception of humans as essentially free beings, each derives a different system of basic rights and freedoms: (1) the familiar democratic civil and political rights of citizenship in the West (Rawls); (2) the classical bourgeois market freedoms ? ?life, liberty, and property? (Nozick); and (3) democratic (...)
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  33. Gerald Doppelt (1981). Laudan's Pragmatic Alternative to Positivist and Historicist Theories of Science. Inquiry 24 (2):253 – 271.score: 240.0
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  34. Gerald Doppelt (1985). Finocchiaro on Rational Explanation. Synthese 62 (3):455 - 458.score: 240.0
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  35. Gerald Doppelt (1979). Are Phenomenalist Beliefs Certain? International Studies in Philosophy 11:5-34.score: 240.0
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  36. Gerald Doppelt (2002). Relativism and Reality. Philosophical Review 111 (1):142-147.score: 240.0
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  37. Gerald Doppelt (2011). Evidence and Objectivity in Achinstein's Philosophy of Science. In Gregory J. Morgan (ed.), Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press. 59.score: 240.0
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  38. Gerald Doppelt (1977). Incorrigibility, the Mental, and Materialism. Philosophy Research Archives 3.score: 240.0
     
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  39. Gerald Doppelt (2008). Values in Science. In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 240.0
     
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  40. Gerald Doppelt (1991). Sterba's "Ism's": A Critique From Below. Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (3):18-37.score: 240.0
  41. Richard Arneson, Justice and Human Good Philosophy 224 Gerald Doppelt and Richard Arneson Spring, 2002 Wednesdays 2:30-5:20 in the Phil Dept Seminar Room, Hss 7077. [REVIEW]score: 120.0
    Contemporary theories of justice frequently suppose that a legitimate state does not coerce people to comply with values or principles that they could reasonably reject. This ideal of legitimacy is thought to imply neutrality on the good: The State should not coerce people to comply with controversial conceptions of the good (which people could reasonably reject). As Ronald Dworkin puts the point, the government's policies should “be neutral on the question of the good life, or of what gives value to (...)
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  42. Larry Laudan (1990). Normative Naturalism. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):44-59.score: 24.0
    Normative naturalism is a view about the status of epistemology and philosophy of science; it is a meta-epistemology. It maintains that epistemology can both discharge its traditional normative role and nonetheless claim a sensitivity to empirical evidence. The first sections of this essay set out the central tenets of normative naturalism, both in its epistemic and its axiological dimensions; later sections respond to criticisms of that species of naturalism from Gerald Doppelt, Jarrett Leplin and Alex Rosenberg.
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  43. Markus Seidel, Between Relativism and Absolutism? – The Failure of Kuhn’s Moderate Relativism. Was Dürfen Wir Glauben? Was Sollen Wir Tun? Sektionsbeiträge des Achten Internationalen Kongresses der Gesellschaft für Analytische Philosophie E.V.score: 24.0
    In this paper I argue that a moderate form of epistemic relativism that is inspired by the work of Thomas Kuhn fails. First of all, it is shown that there is evidence to the effect that Kuhn already in his 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions' proposes moderate relativism. Second, it is argued that moderate relativism is confronted with a severe dilemma that follows from Kuhn’s own argument for his relativistic conclusion. By focusing on the work of moderate relativists like Bernd (...)
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  44. Harvey Siegel (1980). I. Epistemological Relativism in its Latest Form. Inquiry 23 (1):107 – 117.score: 24.0
    Gerald Doppelt's recent ?Kuhn's Epistemological Relativism: An Interpretation and Defense? (Inquiry, Vol. 21 [1978], pp. 33?86) offers a reconstruction of Thomas Kuhn's views concerning theory choice in science in which Kuhn's ?incommensurability thesis?, and his epistemological relativism, are defended. It is argued that Doppelt's reconstruction fails to provide an adequate defense, and that both Kuhn's incommensurability thesis, and his epistemological relativism, as reconstructed by Doppelt, remain philosophically unacceptable.
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  45. Andrew Feenberg (2001). Democratizing Technology: Interests, Codes, Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 5 (2):177-195.score: 24.0
    This reply to criticism of Questioning Technology by Gerald Doppeltaddresses differences between political philosophy and philosophy oftechnology. While political philosophers such as Doppelt emphasize procedural aspects of democracy and equal rights, many philosophers of technologyimplicitly assume a substantive criterion of the good centered on thedevelopment of human capacities. Questioning Technology alsoemphasizes the diminishing agency of individuals in technologically advanced societies dominated by large scale organizations and themass media. These themes of social critique complement the main focusof political philosophy. (...)
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  46. David B. Resnik (1992). Are Methodological Rules Hypothetical Imperatives? Philosophy of Science 59 (3):498-507.score: 24.0
    This discussion adjudicates a dispute between Larry Laudan and Gerald Doppelt over the nature of methodological rules. Laudan holds that all methodological rules are hypothetical imperatives, while Doppelt argues that a subset of those rules, basic methodological standards, are not hypothetical imperatives. I argue that neither writer offers a satisfactory account of methodological rules and that their reliance on the hypothetical/nonhypothetical distinction does not advance our understanding of methodological rules. I propose that we dispense with this dubious (...)
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  47. Joy Merrell & Anne Williams (1994). Participant Observation and Informed Consent: Relationships and Tactical Decision-Making in Nursing Research. Nursing Ethics 1 (3):163-172.score: 8.0
    This paper draws on research undertaken by the authors in community well woman clinics and hospital settings. Discussion focuses on issues around informed consent and participant observation. The authors are concerned to highlight the complexity of decision-making where researchers hold dual or multiple agendas, which are sometimes in conflict. Further situational factors which affect decision-making in research settings are explored. In particular, the complexity of gaining informed consent throughout the research process is addressed. The intention is not to point to (...)
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