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Gerald J. Postema [49]Gerald Jay Postema [1]
  1. Gerald J. Postema (2006). Interests, Universal and Particular: Bentham's Utilitarian Theory of Value. Utilitas 18 (2):109-133.
    The basic concept of Bentham's moral and political philosophy was public utility. He linked it directly with the concept of the universal interest, which comprises a distinctive partnership of the interests of all members of the community. The ultimate end of government and aim of all of morality is ‘the advancement of the universal interest’. This essay articulates the structure of Bentham's notion of universal interest and locates it in his theory of value.
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  2.  24
    Gerald J. Postema (1986). Bentham and the Common Law Tradition. Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a philosophical interpretation of the historical debate between Bentham and classical Common Law Theory, a debate that is fundamental to philosophical thought and has shaped contemporary conceptions of nature, tasks, and limits of law and adjudication. The author explores the philosophical foundations of Common Law theory, focusing particularly on the writings of Sir Mathew Hale and David Hume.
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  3.  63
    Gerald J. Postema (2008). Salience Reasoning. Topoi 27 (1-2):41-55.
    The thesis of this essay is that social conventions of the kind Lewis modeled are generated and maintained by a form of practical reasoning which is essentially common. This thesis is defended indirectly by arguing for an interpretation of the role of salience in Lewis’s account of conventions. The remarkable ability of people to identify salient options and appreciate their practical significance in contexts of social interaction, it is argued, is best explained in terms of their exercise of what I (...)
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  4.  13
    Gerald J. Postema (2005). “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”. Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    The key to unlocking the mystery of human passions, according to Hume, lay in the interaction between two fundamental psychological mechanisms or principles: sympathy and comparison. Both our sociality and our asociality find their psychic origins in the complex interaction of these principles. Due to the operation of these principles, justice is necessary for social life. It channels and controls the passions in contexts of social interaction; they in turn generate resources from which the structures of justice and the foundations (...)
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  5.  20
    Gerald J. Postema (1995). Public Practical Reason: An Archeology. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
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  6.  6
    Gerald J. Postema (2005). Politics is About the Grievance. Legal Theory 11 (3):293-323.
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  7.  37
    Gerald J. Postema (1995). Morality in the First Person Plural. Law and Philosophy 14 (1):35 - 64.
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  8.  21
    Gerald J. Postema (2004). Integrity : Justice in Workclothes. In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell Pub. 291--318.
  9. Gerald J. Postema (2002). Philosophy of the Common Law. In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. OUP Oxford
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  10. Gerald J. Postema (1995). Public Practical Reason: An Archeology*: GERALD J. POSTEMA. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us to public argument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for (...)
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  11.  38
    Gerald J. Postema (1988). Hume's Reply to the Sensible Knave. History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (1):23 - 40.
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  12.  14
    Gerald J. Postema (1998). Jurisprudence as Practical Philosophy. Legal Theory 4 (3):329-357.
    Nowhere has H.L.A. Hart's influence on philosophical jurisprudence in the English-speaking world been greater than in the way its fundamental project and method are conceived by its practitioners. Disagreements abound, of course. Philosophers debate the extent to which jurisprudence can or should proceed without appeal to moral or other values. They disagree about which participant perspective—that of the judge, lawyer, citizen, or “bad man”—is primary and about what taking up the participant perspective commits the theorist to. However, virtually unchallenged is (...)
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  13.  16
    Gerald J. Postema (1987). Collective Evils, Harms, and the Law:The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 1. Harm to Others. Jeffrey Alexander; The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 2. Offense to Others. Joel Feinberg. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (2):414-.
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  14.  36
    Gerald J. Postema (1998). Bentham's Equality-Sensitive Utilitarianism. Utilitas 10 (2):144-.
    Rosen argues that Bentham's utilitarian doctrine was sensitive to distributive concerns and would not countenance sacrifice of fundamental individual interests for aggregate gains in happiness in society. This essay seeks to extend and deepen Rosen's argument. It is argued that Bentham's equality-sensitive principle of utility is an expression of an individualist conception of human happiness which contrasts sharply with the orthodox utilitarian abstract conception. Evidence for this interpretation of the basic motivation of Bentham's doctrine is drawn from his view of (...)
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  15.  25
    Gerald J. Postema (1989). Bentham on the Public Character of Law. Utilitas 1 (1):41.
    Bentham belongs to a long tradition of reflection on law according to which the nature of law can best be understood in terms of its distinctive contribution to the solution of certain deep and pervasive problems of collective action or collective rationality. I propose to take a critical look at Bentham's unique and penetrating contribution to this tradition. For this purpose I will rely on the interpretation of the main lines of Bentham's jurisprudence and its philosophical motivations which I have (...)
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  16.  32
    Gerald J. Postema (1987). “Protestant” Interpretation and Social Practices. Law and Philosophy 6 (3):283 - 319.
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  17.  11
    Gerald J. Postema (2004). Melody and Law's Mindfulness of Time. Ratio Juris 17 (2):203-226.
    . A structured awareness of time lies at the core of the law's distinctive normativity. Melody is offered as a rough model of this mindfulness of time, since some important features of this awareness are also present in a hearer's grasp of melody. The model of melody is used, first, to identify some temporal dimensions of intentional action and then to highlight law's mindfulness of time. Its role in the structure of legal thinking, and especially in precedent‐sensitive legal reasoning, is (...)
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  18.  38
    Gerald J. Postema (1994). Implicit Law. Law and Philosophy 13 (3):361 - 387.
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  19.  20
    Gerald J. Postema (2013). The Cautious, Jealous Virtue: Hume on Justice by Annette C. Baier. [REVIEW] Hume Studies 37 (2):280-284.
    Annette Baier was the dean of contemporary Hume studies and one of the most insightful and influential philosophers writing on Hume. Since the late 1970s, her writings and the example of her distinctive mode of scholarship have inspired generations of scholars to look with fresh eyes at Hume's work. The special turn of her philosophical mind and personal style of writing are especially well-suited to uncover, appreciate, and effectively communicate the rich, nuanced, and humane dimensions of Hume's moral philosophy. Her (...)
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  20.  11
    Gerald J. Postema (2012). Sweet Dissonance. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):36-55.
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  21.  20
    Gerald J. Postema (2001). Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence. Noûs 35 (s1):470 - 501.
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  22.  33
    Gerald J. Postema (2006). Whence Avidity? Hume's Psychology and the Origins of Justice. Synthese 152 (3):371 - 391.
    Hume’s account of the roots of justice focuses on the need to secure possession against the corrosive effects of unrestrained avidity. The reasons for this focus lie deep in his understanding of human psychology, especially, the mimetic passions shaped by the principles of sympathy, social referencing, and reversal comparison. The need for esteem drives human beings to attach their pride to those things they think are especially valued by those whom they especially admire. Most predominant among these goods are riches (...)
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  23.  9
    Gerald J. Postema (2013). Annette C. Baier. The Cautious, Jealous Virtue: Hume on Justice. Hume Studies 37 (2):280-284.
  24.  17
    Gerald J. Postema (1979). The Expositor, the Censor, and the Common Law. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):643 - 670.
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  25.  16
    Gerald J. Postema (1980). Nozick on Liberty, Compensation, and the Individual's Right to Punish. Social Theory and Practice 6 (3):311-337.
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  26.  16
    Gerald J. Postema (1994). Stephen Guest, Ronald Dworkin, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1992, Pp. Ix + 320. Utilitas 6 (2):328.
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  27.  13
    Gerald J. Postema (1980). Bentham and Dworkin on Positivism and Adjudication. Social Theory and Practice 5 (3-4):347-376.
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  28.  35
    Gerald J. Postema (ed.) (2001). Philosophy and the Law of Torts. Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice (such as responsibility, fault, negligence, due (...)
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  29.  7
    Gerald J. Postema (2005). “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”: Sympathy and Comparison in Hume’s Moral Psychology. Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    The key to unlocking the mystery of human passions, according to Hume, lay in the interaction between two fundamental psychological mechanisms or principles: sympathy and comparison. Both our sociality and our asociality find their psychic origins in the complex interaction of these principles. Due to the operation of these principles, justice is necessary for social life. It channels and controls the passions in contexts of social interaction; they in turn generate resources from which the structures of justice and the foundations (...)
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  30.  5
    Gerald J. Postema (2013). Philosophical Narrative: A Reply to Professor Wolenski. Ratio Juris 26 (1):139-143.
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  31.  9
    Gerald J. Postema (1986). Book Review:Jurisprudence: A Descriptive and Normative Analysis of Law. Anthony D'Amato. [REVIEW] Ethics 96 (2):420-.
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  32.  10
    Gerald J. Postema (1999). Preface. Law and Philosophy 18 (4):311-311.
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  33.  3
    Thomas E. Hill, Gerald J. Postema & Jay F. Rosenberg (1992). W. David Falk 1906-1991. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (1):25 - 27.
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  34.  1
    Gerald J. Postema (1996). Permissible Killing: The Self‐Justification of Homicide. Philosophical Books 37 (3):204-206.
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  35.  1
    Gerald J. Postema (2010). Sweet Dissonance: Conflict, Consensus, and the Rule of Law. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):36-55.
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  36.  8
    Gerald J. Postema (1997). Introduction: The Sins of Segregation. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 16 (3):221 - 244.
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  37.  1
    Susan Leigh Anderson & Gerald J. Postema (2006). Part I The Background of Mill's Utilitarianism. In Henry West (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Mill's Utilitarianism. Wiley-Blackwell 9.
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  38. Gerald J. Postema (1982). Bentham's Early Reflections on Law, Justice and Adjudication. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 36 (3):219.
     
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  39.  1
    Gerald J. Postema (1987). Review: Collective Evils, Harms, and the Law. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (2):414 - 440.
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  40. Gerald J. Postema (1991). An Archeology of Public Practical Reason. Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.
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  41. Gerald J. Postema (2002). Bentham Moral, Political, and Legal Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  42. Gerald J. Postema (2008). Conformity, Custom, and Congruence : Rethinking the Efficacy of Law. In Matthew H. Kramer (ed.), The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press
     
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  43. Gerald J. Postema & Jules L. Coleman (1987). Dworkin's Law's Empire.
     
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  44. Gerald J. Postema (2012). Early Foundations. In Marmor Andrei (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law. Routledge
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  45. Gerald J. Postema (2001). Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence. Philosophical Issues 11 (1):470-501.
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  46. Gerald J. Postema (ed.) (2004). Philosophy and the Law of Torts. Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice to be understood? Is an explanation (...)
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  47. Gerald J. Postema (ed.) (2009). Philosophy and the Law of Torts. Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice to be understood? Is an explanation (...)
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  48. Gerald J. Postema (ed.) (2007). Philosophy and the Law of Torts. Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice to be understood? Is an explanation (...)
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  49. Gerald J. Postema (2006). Whence Avidity? Hume’s Psychology and the Origins of Justice. Synthese 152 (3):371-391.