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  1. Robert Boyd, Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter J. Richerson, Arthur Robson, Jeffrey R. Stevens & Peter Hammerstein, Individual Decision Making and the Evolutionary Roots of Institutions.
    Humans hunt and kill many different species of animals, but whales are our biggest prey. In the North Atlantic, a male long-fi nned pilot whale (Globiceph- ala melaena), a large relative of the dolphins, can grow as large as 6.5 meters and weigh as much as 2.5 tons. As whales go, these are not particularly large, but there are more than 750,000 pilot whales in the North Atlantic, traveling in groups, “pods,” that range from just a few individuals to a (...)
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  2. Gerd Gigerenzer (forthcoming). And Public Policy. Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice:207.
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  3. Thorsten Pachur, Ralph Hertwig, Gerd Gigerenzer & Eduard Brandstätter (2013). Testing Process Predictions of Models of Risky Choice: A Quantitative Model Comparison Approach. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  4. Henry Brighton & Gerd Gigerenzer (2012). Social Cognition and Cortical Function : An Evolutionary Perspective / Susanne Shultz & Robin I. M. Dunbar / Homo Heuristicus and the Bias-Variance Dilemma. In Jay Schulkin (ed.), New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science: Adaptation and Cephalic Expression. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  5. Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm (2012). How (Far) Can Rationality Be Naturalized? Synthese 187 (1):243-268.
    The paper shows why and how an empirical study of fast-and-frugal heuristics can provide norms of good reasoning, and thus how (and how far) rationality can be naturalized. We explain the heuristics that humans often rely on in solving problems, for example, choosing investment strategies or apartments, placing bets in sports, or making library searches. We then show that heuristics can lead to judgments that are as accurate as or even more accurate than strategies that use more information and computation, (...)
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  6. Marco Monti, Riccardo Boero, Nathan Berg, Gerd Gigerenzer & Laura Martignon (2012). How Do Common Investors Behave? Information Search and Portfolio Choice Among Bank Customers and University Students. Mind and Society 11 (2):203-233.
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  7. Henry Brighton & Gerd Gigerenzer (2011). Towards Competitive Instead of Biased Testing of Heuristics: A Reply to Hilbig and Richter (2011). Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):197-205.
    Our programmatic article on Homo heuristicus (Gigerenzer & Brighton, 2009) included a methodological section specifying three minimum criteria for testing heuristics: competitive tests, individual-level tests, and tests of adaptive selection of heuristics. Using Richter and Späth’s (2006) study on the recognition heuristic, we illustrated how violations of these criteria can lead to unsupported conclusions. In their comment, Hilbig and Richter conduct a reanalysis, but again without competitive testing. They neither test nor specify the compensatory model of inference they argue for. (...)
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  8. Ralph Hertwig & Gerd Gigerenzer (2011). Behavioral Inconsistencies Do Not Imply Inconsistent Strategies. Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  9. Thorsten Pachur, Peter M. Todd, Gerd Gigerenzer, Lael J. Schooler & Daniel G. Goldstein (2011). The Recognition Heuristic: A Review of Theory and Tests. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  10. Odette Wegwarth, Robert W. Day & Gerd Gigerenzer (2011). Decisions on Pharmacogenomic Tests in the USA and Germany. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):228-235.
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  11. Gerd Gigerenzer (2010). Moral Satisficing: Rethinking Moral Behavior as Bounded Rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):528-554.
    What is the nature of moral behavior? According to the study of bounded rationality, it results not from character traits or rational deliberation alone, but from the interplay between mind and environment. In this view, moral behavior is based on pragmatic social heuristics rather than moral rules or maximization principles. These social heuristics are not good or bad per se, but solely in relation to the environments in which they are used. This has methodological implications for the study of morality: (...)
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  12. Gerd Gigerenzer (2009). Comment : Randomized Controlled Trials and Public Policy. In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press.
  13. Gerd Gigerenzer & Henry Brighton (2009). Homo Heuristicus: Why Biased Minds Make Better Inferences. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):107-143.
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  14. Julian N. Marewski, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Lael J. Schooler, Daniel G. Goldstein & Gerd Gigerenzer (2009). Do Voters Use Episodic Knowledge to Rely on Recognition. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  15. Johan Steurer, Ulrike Held, Mathias Schmidt, Gerd Gigerenzer, Brigitte Tag & Lucas M. Bachmann (2009). Legal Concerns Trigger Prostate‐Specific Antigen Testing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):390-392.
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  16. Gerd Gigerenzer (2008). Rationality for Mortals: How People Cope with Uncertainty. OUP USA.
    Gerd Gigerenzer's influential work examines the rationality of individuals not from the perspective of logic or probability, but from the point of view of adaptation to the real world of human behavior and interaction with the environment. Seen from this perspective, human behavior is more rational than it might otherwise appear. This work is extremely influential and has spawned an entire research program. This volume (which follows on a previous collection, Adaptive Thinking, also published by OUP) collects his most recent (...)
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  17. Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage (2007). The Role of Representation in Bayesian Reasoning: Correcting Common Misconceptions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):264-267.
    The terms nested sets, partitive frequencies, inside-outside view, and dual processes add little but confusion to our original analysis (Gigerenzer & Hoffrage 1995; 1999). The idea of nested set was introduced because of an oversight; it simply rephrases two of our equations. Representation in terms of chances, in contrast, is a novel contribution yet consistent with our computational analysis System 1.dual process theory” is: Unless the two processes are defined, this distinction can account post hoc for almost everything. In contrast, (...)
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  18. Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm (2007). Tools=Theories=Data? On Some Circular Dynamics in Cognitive Science. In Mitchell G. Ash & Thomas Sturm (eds.), Psychology’s Territories: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives from Different Disciplines. Erlbaum.
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  19. Thomas Sturm & Gerd Gigerenzer (2006). How Can We Use the Distinction Between Discovery and Justification? On the Weaknesses of the Strong Programme in the Sociology of Science. In Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Revisiting Discovery and Justification. Springer. 133--158.
    We attack the SSK's rejection of the distinction between discovery and justification (the DJ distinction), famously introduced by Hans Reichenbach and here defended in a "lean" version. Some critics claim that the DJ distinction cannot be drawn precisely, or that it cannot be drawn prior to the actual analysis of scientific knowledge. Others, instead of trying to blur or to reject the distinction, claim that we need an even more fine-grained distinction (e.g. between discovery, invention, prior assessment, test and justification). (...)
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  20. Liqi Zhu & Gerd Gigerenzer (2006). Children Can Solve Bayesian Problems: The Role of Representation in Mental Computation. Cognition 98 (3):287-308.
  21. Gerd Gigerenzer (2005). I Think, Therefore I Err. Social Research: An International Quarterly 72 (1):1-24.
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  22. Gerd Gigerenzer & Thalia Gigerenzer (2005). Is the Ultimatum Game a Three-Body Affair? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):823-824.
    The Ultimatum Game is commonly interpreted as a two-person bargaining game. The third person who donates and may withdraw the money is not included in the theoretical equations, but treated like a neutral measurement instrument. Yet in a cross-cultural analysis it seems necessary to consider the possibility that the thoughts of a player – strategic, altruistic, selfish, or concerned about reputation – are influenced by both an anonymous second player and the non-anonymous experimenter.
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  23. Gerd Gigerenzer & Stephanie Kurzenhauser (2005). Fast and Frugal Heuristics in Medical Decision Making. In Roger Bibace (ed.), Science and Medicine in Dialogue: Thinking Through Particulars and Universals. Praeger. 3--15.
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  24. Ulrich Hoffrage, Stephanie Kurzenhäuser & Gerd Gigerenzer (2005). Understanding the Results of Medical Tests: Why the Representation of Statistical Information Matters. In Roger Bibace (ed.), Science and Medicine in Dialogue: Thinking Through Particulars and Universals. Praeger. 83--98.
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  25. Gerd Gigerenzer (2004). The Irrationality Paradox. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):336-338.
    In the study of judgmental errors, surprisingly little thought is spent on what constitutes good and bad judgment. I call this simultaneous focus on errors and lack of analysis of what constitutes an error, the irrationality paradox. I illustrate the paradox by a dozen apparent fallacies; each can be logically deduced from the environmental structure and an unbiased mind.
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  26. Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Are We Losing Control? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):408-409.
    Most students are trained in using but not in actively choosing a research methodology. I support Hertwig and Ortmann's call for more rationality in the use of methodology. I comment on additional practices that sacrifice experimental control to the experimenter's convenience, and on the strange fact that such laissez-faire attitudes and rigid intolerance actually co-exist in psychological research programs.
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  27. Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Content-Blind Norms, No Norms, or Good Norms? A Reply to Vranas. Cognition 81 (1):93-103.
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  28. Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Decision Making: Nonrational Theories. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 5--3304.
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  29. Peter Sedlmeier & Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Teaching Bayesian Reasoning in Less Than Two Hours. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):380.
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  30. Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Shepard's Mirrors or Simon 's Scissors? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):704-705.
    Shepard promotes the important view that evolution constructs cognitive mechanisms that work with internalized aspects of the structure of their environment. But what can this internalization mean? We contrast three views: Shepard's mirrors reflecting the world, Brunswik's lens inferring the world, and Simon's scissors exploiting the world. We argue that Simon's scissors metaphor is more appropriate for higher-order cognitive mechanisms and ask how far it can also be applied to perceptual tasks. [Barlow; Kubovy & Epstein; Shepard].
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  31. Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2000). How Can We Open Up the Adaptive Toolbox? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):89-100.
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  32. Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2000). Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
    How can anyone be rational in a world where knowledge is limited, time is pressing, and deep thought is often an unattainable luxury? Traditional models of unbounded rationality and optimization in cognitive science, economics, and animal behavior have tended to view decision-makers as possessing supernatural powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and endless time. But understanding decisions in the real world requires a more psychologically plausible notion of bounded rationality. In Simple heuristics that make us smart (Gigerenzer et al. 1999), we (...)
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  33. Gerd Gigerenzer (1999). Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Oxford University Press.
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing superhuman powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and all of eternity in which to ponder choices. To understand decisions in the real world, we need a different, more psychologically plausible notion of rationality, and this book provides it. It is about (...)
     
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  34. Valerie M. Chase, Ralph Hertwig & Gerd Gigerenzer (1998). Visions of Rationality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (6):206-214.
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  35. Gerd Gigerenzer (1998). We Need Statistical Thinking, Not Statistical Rituals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):199-200.
    What Chow calls NHSTP is an inconsistent hybrid of Fisherian and Neyman-Pearsonian ideas. In psychology it has been practiced like ritualistic handwashing and sustained by wishful thinking about its utility. Chow argues that NHSTP is an important tool for ruling out chance as an explanation for data. I disagree. This ritual discourages theory development by providing researchers with no incentive to specify hypotheses.
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  36. Gerd Gigerenzer (1996). Why Do Frequency Formats Improve Bayesian Reasoning? Cognitive Algorithms Work on Information, Which Needs Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):23.
  37. Daniel G. Goldstein & Gerd Gigerenzer (1996). Satisficing Inference and the Perks of Ignorance. In. In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. 137--141.
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  38. Ulrich Hoffrage & Gerd Gigerenzer (1996). The Impact of Information Representation on Bayesian Reasoning. In. In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. 126--130.
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  39. Gerd Gigerenzer (1995). The Taming of Content: Some Thoughts About Domains and Modules. Thinking and Reasoning 1 (4):324 – 333.
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  40. Gerd Gigerenzer (1993). From Metaphysics to Psychophysics and Statistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):139.
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  41. Paul Bertelson, Ruth M. J. Byrne, Stanislas Dehaene, Ruma Falk, Gerd Gigerenzer, Klaus Hug, Phillip N. Johnson-Laird, Susan Jones, Peter W. Jusczyk & Barbara Landau (1992). Ex 0. Cognition 43:2.
     
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  42. Gerd Gigerenzer (1992). Discovery in Cognitive Psychology: New Tools Inspire New Theories. Science in Context 5 (2).
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  43. Gerd Gigerenzer & Klaus Hug (1992). Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts, Cheating, and Perspective Change. Cognition 43 (2):127-171.
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  44. Gerd Gigerenzer (1991). Does the Environment Have the Same Structure as Bayes' Theorem? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):495-496.
  45. Gerd Gigerenzer (1991). On Cognitive Illusions and Rationality. In Probability and Rationality. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 225-249.
  46. Gerd Gigerenzer (1991). Probability and Rationality. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
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  47. Gerd Gigerenzer (1990). Strong AI and the Problem of “Second-Order” Algorithms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):663-664.
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  48. Gerd Gigerenzer (1989). A General Algorithm for Pattern Recognition? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):764.
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