Search results for 'Gerhard König' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Cynthia Koenig & Richard Griggs (2004). Facilitation and Analogical Transfer in the THOG Task. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):355 – 370.score: 60.0
    This study was concerned with Wason's THOG task, a hypothetico-deductive reasoning problem for which performance is typically very poor ( < 20% correct). Recently, however, Needham and Amado (1995) and Koenig and Griggs (2004) have observed both facilitation and spontaneous analogical transfer effects for the Pythagoras version of this task. Based on their findings, Koenig and Griggs concluded that in addition to the separation of the data (the properties of the designated THOG) from the hypotheses that need to be generated (...)
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  2. Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig (2007). The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources? Episteme 4 (3):264-284.score: 30.0
    What is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
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  3. Fabrice Clément, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360–379.score: 30.0
    Psychologists have emphasized children's acquisition of information through firsthand observation. However, many beliefs are acquired from others' testimony. In two experiments, most 4yearolds displayed sceptical trust in testimony. Having heard informants' accurate or inaccurate testimony, they anticipated that informants would continue to display such differential accuracy and they trusted the hitherto reliable informant. Yet they ignored the testimony of the reliable informant if it conflicted with what they themselves had seen. By contrast, threeyearolds were less selective in trusting a reliable (...)
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  4. Jean-Pierre Koenig & Anthony R. Davis (2001). Sublexical Modality and the Structure of Lexical Semantic Representations. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):71-124.score: 30.0
    This paper argues for a largely unnoted distinction between relational and modal components in the lexical semantics of verbs. Wehypothesize that many verbs encode two kinds of semantic information:a relationship among participants in a situation and a subset ofcircumstances or time indices at which this relationship isevaluated. The latter we term sublexical modality.We show that linking regularities between semantic arguments andsyntactic functions provide corroborating evidence in favor of thissemantic distinction, noting cases in which the semantic groundingof linking through participant-role properties (...)
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  5. Patricia Marshall & Barbara Koenig (2004). Accounting for Culture in Globalized Bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):252-266.score: 30.0
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  6. Pam Marek, Richard A. Griggs & Cynthia S. Koenig (2000). Reducing Cognitive Complexity in a Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):253 – 265.score: 30.0
    The confusion/non-consequential thinking explanation proposed by Newstead, Girotto, and Legrenzi (1995) for poor performance on Wason's THOG problem (a hypothetico-deductive reasoning task) was examined in three experiments with 300 participants. In general, as the cognitive complexity of the problem and the possibility of non-consequential thinking were reduced, correct performance increased. Significant but weak facilitation (33-40% correct) was found in Experiment 1 for THOG classification instructions that did not include the indeterminate response option. Substantial facilitation (up to 75% correct) was obtained (...)
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  7. Celia J. Orona, Barbara A. Koenig & Anne J. Davis (1994). Cultural Aspects of Nondisclosure. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (03):338-.score: 30.0
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  8. Daniel Lehmann, W. K. Strik, B. Henggeler & T. Koenig (1998). Brain Electric Microstates and Momentary Conscious Mind States as Building Blocks of Spontaneous Thinking: I. Visual Imagery and Abstract Thoughts. International Journal of Psychophysiology 29:1-11.score: 30.0
  9. Fabrice Clement, Melissa Koenig & Paul Harris (2004). The Ontogenesis of Trust. Mind and Language 19 (4):360-379.score: 30.0
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  10. Myriam Gerhard (2009). Maio G, Clausen J, Müller O (Eds) Human Without Measure? Scope and Limits of Anthropological Arguments in Biomedical Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (5):571-573.score: 30.0
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  11. Barbara A. Koenig (2003). Dead Donors and the "Shortage" of Human Organs: Are We Missing the Point? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):26 – 27.score: 30.0
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  12. Thomas R. Koenig (1982). Ricoeur's Interpretation of the Relation Between Phenomenological Philosophy and Psychoanalysis. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 13 (2):115-142.score: 30.0
  13. J. -P. Koenig, G. Mauner, B. Bienvenue & K. Conklin (2007). What With? The Anatomy of a (Proto)-Role. Journal of Semantics 25 (2):175-220.score: 30.0
    This paper describes a comprehensive survey of English verbs that semantically allow or require an Instrument role. It sheds light on the nature of Instrument roles and instrumentality by examining the distribution in semantic space of those verbs. We show first that verbs that semantically require instruments are typically semantically more complex than predicted by current theories of the structural complexity of verb meanings. We also show that verbs that require or allow instruments constrain the end states of situations they (...)
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  14. Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2008). Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.score: 30.0
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  15. F. Devignemont, T. Zalla, A. PosAda, A. Louvegnez, O. KOenig, N. Georgieff & N. FraNck (2006). Mental Rotation in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):295-309.score: 30.0
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  16. W. A. Gerhard (1947). Plato's Theory of Dialectic. New Scholasticism 21 (2):192-211.score: 30.0
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  17. Thomas R. Koenig (1992). George F. Sefler 1945-1991. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 65 (7):35 - 37.score: 30.0
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  18. Paul S. Mueller & Barbara A. Koenig (2006). Systematic Review of Ethics Consultation: A Route to Curriculum Development in Post-Graduate Medical Education. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):21 – 23.score: 30.0
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  19. N. Press, J. R. Fishman & B. A. Koenig (2000). Collective Fear, Individualized Risk: The Social and Cultural Context of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer. Nursing Ethics 7 (3):237-249.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this article is to provide a critical examination of two aspects of culture and biomedicine that have helped to shape the meaning and practice of genetic testing for breast cancer. These are: (1) the cultural construction of fear of breast cancer, which has been fuelled in part by (2) the predominance of a ‘risk’ paradigm in contemporary biomedicine. The increasing elaboration and delineation of risk factors and risk numbers are in part intended to help women to contend (...)
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  20. Daniel E. Hall, Harold George Koenig & Keith G. Meador (2004). Conceptualizing "Religion": How Language Shapes and Constrains Knowledge in the Study of Religion and Health. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):386-401.score: 30.0
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  21. J.-P. Koenig (1999). A-Definites and the Discourse Status of Implicit Arguments. Journal of Semantics 16 (3):207-236.score: 30.0
    This paper focuses on the semantics of implicit arguments and compares it with that of explicit indefinites with which they can be truth-conditionally paraphrased. It is shown that once the discourse-potential of expressions is taken into account, the semantics of implicit arguments differs from their indefinite explicit counterparts. They are shown to be semantically identical to a particular kind of non-quantificational NP (a-definites) which are characterized by their inability to serve as antecedents for future reference. A model of this behavior (...)
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  22. Thomas Koenig (1992). Existentialism and Human Existence: An Account of Five Major Philosophers. Krieger.score: 30.0
    [1] The phenomenology of Edmund Husserl -- The existential philosophy of Albert Camus -- The existenz philosophy of Karl Jaspers -- The philosophy of Gabriel Marcel -- The philosophy of Martin Heidegger -- v. 2. The existential philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard -- The existential philosophy of Ortega y Gasset -- The philosophy of Martin Buber -- The existential philosophy of Nicolas Berdyaev -- The philosophy of Paul Ricoeur.
     
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  23. D. Koenig (1963). Reclams Kunstführer Österreich, Baudenkmäler. Augustinianum 3 (1):243-244.score: 30.0
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  24. Thomas Koenig (1961). St. Augustine. Augustinianum 1 (1):201-202.score: 30.0
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  25. Barbara A. Koenig (2001). Why Not Grant Primacy to the Family? American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):33-34.score: 30.0
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  26. Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf (2008). Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):320-331.score: 30.0
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  27. Andreas Arndt, Myriam Gerhard, Jure Zovko, Samir Arnautović & Vahidin Preljević (2012). Hegel Und Die Moderne. Hegel-Jahrbuch 18 (1).score: 30.0
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  28. D. E. Berlyne, Donna M. Borsa, Jane H. Hamacher & Isolde D. Koenig (1966). Paired-Associate Learning and the Timing of Arousal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):1.score: 30.0
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  29. A. I. Chowdhury, Radheshyam Bairagi & Michael A. Koenig (1993). Effects of Family Sex Composition on Fertility Preference and Behaviour in Rural Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):455-64.score: 30.0
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  30. Mai P. Do & Michael A. Koenig (2007). Effect of Family Planning Services on Modern Contraceptive Method Continuation in Vietnam. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):201.score: 30.0
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  31. Michael Gerhard (2008). Asien Zu Gast in Frankfurt. Schopenhauer-Jahrbuch 89:299-305.score: 30.0
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  32. Myriam Gerhard (2007). »Certe rationem ordinis non esse«?: Zur Konstituierbarkeit einer vernünftigen Ordnung der Natur bei Copernicus, Bruno und Schelling. Filozofski Vestnik 2.score: 30.0
    Ob “nicht etwa eine vernünftigere Anordnung von Kreisen zu finden sei, von welchen alle erscheinende Ungleichmäßigkeit abhinge”, ist die Frage, die Copernicus umtreibt. Eine einheitliche, eine systematische Berechnung aller Planetenbewegungen – auch der der sogenannten irrenden Sterne – sucht Copernicus durch die Einführung einer Hypothese, die über eine bloß mathematische Annahme hinausgeht, zu begründen. Die Erkenntnis der einheitlichen Weltgestalt und des festen Ebenmaßes ihrer Teile hat die Annahme eines die systematische Einheit konstituierenden Prinzips zur Voraussetzung. Als dieses Prinzip versteht Copernicus (...)
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  33. Michael Gerhard (2008). Der Buddha in Frankfurt Und Seine Jünger in Deutschland. Schopenhauer-Jahrbuch 89:117-136.score: 30.0
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  34. Haney Gerhard (1980). Formación jurídica y formación de los juristas en la República Democrática Alemana. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 20:135-158.score: 30.0
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  35. William A. Gerhard (1954). General Psychology. New Scholasticism 28 (2):245-247.score: 30.0
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  36. Myriam Gerhard (2013). Hegel Und Die Logische Frage. Hegel-Jahrbuch 19 (1).score: 30.0
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  37. William Arthur Gerhard (1948). Infra-Rational Knowledge and the Intellectual Virtue of Prudence. Notre Dame, Ind..score: 30.0
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  38. Myriam Gerhard (forthcoming). Logic as Metaphysics Criticism. Hegel-Studien.score: 30.0
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  39. William A. Gerhard & Brijen K. Gupta (1970). Literature: The Phenomenological Art. [REVIEW] Man and World 3 (2):102-115.score: 30.0
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  40. William A. Gerhard (1950). Pythagoreans and Eleatics. New Scholasticism 24 (3):335-336.score: 30.0
  41. W. A. Gerhard (1940). Philosophy in America. The Modern Schoolman 17 (3):59-59.score: 30.0
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  42. W. A. Gerhard (1952). Preface to a Science of Phenomena. New Scholasticism 26 (2):195-228.score: 30.0
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  43. W. A. Gerhard (1952). The Concept of Mind. New Scholasticism 26 (1):125-127.score: 30.0
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  44. Anselm Gerhard (2011). Was ist Werktreue? Ein Phantombegriff und die Sehnsucht nach "Authentischem". In Gerhard Brunner & Sarah Zalfen (eds.), Werktreue: Was Ist Werk, Was Treue? Böhlau.score: 30.0
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  45. C. Dominik Güss, Ma Teresa Tuason & Christiane Gerhard (2010). Cross‐National Comparisons of Complex Problem‐Solving Strategies in Two Microworlds. Cognitive Science 34 (3):489-520.score: 30.0
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  46. H. Eugene Hern, Barbara A. Koenig, Lisa Jean Moore & Patricia A. Marshall (1998). The Difference That Culture Can Make in End-of-Life Decisionmaking. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (01):27-40.score: 30.0
    Cultural difference has been largely ignored within bioethics, particularly within the end-of-life discourses and practices that have developed over the past two decades in the U.S. healthcare system. Yet how should culturebe taken into account?
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  47. Marco Hollenstein, Thomas Koenig, Matthias Kubat, Daniela Blaser & Walter J. Perrig (2012). Non-Conscious Word Processing in a Mirror-Masking Paradigm Causing Attentional Distraction: An ERP-Study. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):353-365.score: 30.0
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  48. Peter K. Jonason, Bryan L. Koenig & Jeremy Tost (2010). Living a Fast Life. Human Nature 21 (4):428-442.score: 30.0
    The current research applied a mid-level evolutionary theory that has been successfully employed across numerous animal species—life history theory—in an attempt to understand the Dark Triad personality trait cluster (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism). In Study 1 (N = 246), a measure of life history strategy was correlated with psychopathy, but unexpectedly with neither Machiavellianism nor narcissism. Study 2 (N = 321) replicated this overall pattern of results using longer, traditional measures of the Dark Triad traits and alternative, future-discounting indicators of (...)
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  49. Susan E. Kelly, Patricia A. Marshall, Lee M. Sanders, Thomas A. Raffin & Barbara A. Koenig (1997). Understanding the Practice of Ethics Consultation: Results of an Ethnographic Multi-Site Study. Journal of Clinical Ethics 8 (2):136-149.score: 30.0
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  50. Mehrab Ali Khan, Caroline Smith, Jalaluddin Akbar & Michael A. Koenig (1989). Contraceptive Use Patterns in Matlab, Bangladesh: Insights From a 1984 Survey. Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (1):47-58.score: 30.0
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