Search results for 'Gerry Spence' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gerry Spence (2001). Seven Simple Steps to Personal Freedom: An Owner's Manual for Life. St. Martin's Press.
    Beloved author of, among many other books, the bestsellers How to Argue and Win Every Time and The Making of a Country Lawyer , Gerry Spence distills a lifetime of wisdom and observation about how we live, and how we ought to live in Seven Simple Steps to Personal Freedom . Here, in seven chapters, he delivers messages that inspire us first to recognize our servitude-to money, possessions, corporations, the status quo, and our own fears-and then shows us (...)
     
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  2. Thomas Spence (1982). The Political Works of Thomas Spence. Avero (Eighteenth-Century) Publications.
     
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  3.  13
    V. Santangelo & C. SpenCe (2008). Is the Exogenous Orienting of Spatial Attention Truly Automatic? Evidence From Unimodal and Multisensory Studies. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):989-1015.
    The last decade has seen great progress in the study of the nature of crossmodal links in exogenous and endogenous spatial attention . Exogenous spatial cuing studies of human crossmodal attention and multisensory integration. In C. Spence, & J. Driver , Crossmodal space and crossmodal attention . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.], for a recent review). A growing body of research now highlights the existence of robust crossmodal links between auditory, visual, and tactile spatial attention. However, until recently, studies (...)
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  4. Graham Cairns-Smith, Thomas W. Clark, Ravi Gomatam, Robert H. Kane, Nicholas Maxwell, J. J. C. Smart, Sean A. Spence & Henry P. Stapp (2005). Commentaries on David Hodgson's "a Plain Person's Free Will". Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):20-75.
    REMARKS ON EVOLUTION AND TIME-SCALES, Graham Cairns-Smith; HODGSON'S BLACK BOX, Thomas Clark; DO HODGSON'S PROPOSITIONS UNIQUELY CHARACTERIZE FREE WILL?, Ravi Gomatam; WHAT SHOULD WE RETAIN FROM A PLAIN PERSON'S CONCEPT OF FREE WILL?, Gilberto Gomes; ISOLATING DISPARATE CHALLENGES TO HODGSON'S ACCOUNT OF FREE WILL, Liberty Jaswal; FREE AGENCY AND LAWS OF NATURE, Robert Kane; SCIENCE VERSUS REALIZATION OF VALUE, NOT DETERMINISM VERSUS CHOICE, Nicholas Maxwell; COMMENTS ON HODGSON, J.J.C. Smart; THE VIEW FROM WITHIN, Sean Spence; COMMENTARY ON HODGSON, Henry (...)
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  5.  12
    Sean A. Spence (2006). The Cycle of Action: A Commentary on Garry Young (2006). Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (3):69-72.
    As the emphasis in the title of his article indicates, Garry Young (2006) wishes to retain a role for conscious intention in the initiation of intentional acts, a proposal he contrasts with the findings and writings of Benjamin Libet, and also my own comments upon the latter (Libet et al., 1983; Spence, 1996). While Libet's classic series of experiments (and their replication by others) established that the conscious intention to act is itself preceded by predictive trains of electrical activity (...)
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  6.  22
    Laura J. Spence, René Schmidpeter & André Habisch (2003). Assessing Social Capital: Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Germany and the U.K. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):17 - 29.
    "Social capital" can be considered to be the product of co-operationbetween various institutions, networks and business partners. It haspotential as a useful tool for business ethics. In this article weidentify categories pertinent to the measurement of social capital insmall and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). By drawing on three differentsectors, one business-to-business service, one business-to-customerservice, and one manufacturing, we have enabled the consideration ofsectoral differences. We find sector to play an important part inrelation to business practices and social capital. Our inclusion (...)
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  7.  8
    Laura J. Spence (2007). CSR and Small Business in a European Policy Context: The Five “C”s of CSR and Small Business Research Agenda 2007. Business and Society Review 112 (4):533-552.
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  8.  28
    Laura J. Spence (1999). Does Size Matter? The State of the Art in Small Business Ethics. Business Ethics 8 (3):163–174.
    In this paper the exclusive focus on large firms in the field of business ethics is challenged. Some of the idiosyncrasies of small firms are explained, and links are made between these and potential ethical issues. A review of the existing literature on ethics in small firms demonstrates the lack of appropriate research, so that to date we can draw no firm conclusions in relation to ethics in the small firm. Recommendations are made as to the way forward for small (...)
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  9.  10
    Laura J. Spence & René Schmidpeter (2003). SMEs, Social Capital and the Common Good. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1/2):93 - 108.
    In this paper we report on empirical research which investigates social capital of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs). Bringing an international perspective to the work, we make a comparison between 30 firms located in West London and Munich in the sectors of food manufacturing/production, marketing services and garages. Here we present 6 case studies, which we use to illustrate the early findings from this pilot project. We identify differences in approach to associational membership in Germany and the U.K., with (...)
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  10.  3
    Laura J. Spence & Robert Rutherfoord (2003). Small Business and Empirical Perspectives in Business Ethics: Editorial. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):1 - 5.
    In this editorial to a collection of papers on ethics in small firms, the case is made for greater use of high quality empirical research on business ethics. Sociological perspectives have much to offer to the field of business ethics that continues to be dominated by normative, moral philosophy. The second contribution of the paper is to argue for a reorientation away from the large multi-national firm as a benchmark subject of business ethics research. One important point of view to (...)
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  11.  18
    Geoff Moore & Laura Spence (2006). Editorial: Responsibility and Small Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):219-226.
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  12.  5
    Dorothée Baumann-Pauly, Christopher Wickert, Laura J. Spence & Andreas Georg Scherer (2013). Organizing Corporate Social Responsibility in Small and Large Firms: Size Matters. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (4):693-705.
    Based on the findings of a qualitative empirical study of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Swiss MNCs and SMEs, we suggest that smaller firms are not necessarily less advanced in organizing CSR than large firms. Results according to theoretically derived assessment frameworks illustrate the actual implementation status of CSR in organizational practices. We propose that small firms possess several organizational characteristics that are favorable for promoting the internal implementation of CSR-related practices in core business functions, but constrain external communication and (...)
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  13.  25
    Ronald K. Mitchell, Bradley R. Agle, James J. Chrisman & Laura J. Spence (2011). Toward a Theory of Stakeholder Salience in Family Firms. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (2):235-255.
    The notion of stakeholder salience based on attributes (e.g., power, legitimacy, urgency) is applied in the family business setting. We argue that where principal institutions intersect (i.e., family and business); managerial perceptions of stakeholder salience will be different and more complex than where institutions are based on a single dominant logic. We propose that (1) whereas utilitarian power is more likely in the general business case, normative power is more typical in family business stakeholder salience; (2) whereas in a general (...)
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  14.  23
    Laura J. Spence & José Félix Lozano (2000). Communicating About Ethics with Small Firms: Experiences From the U.K. And Spain. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):43 - 53.
    This article introduces the important issue of communicating with small firms about ethical issues. Evidence from two research projects from the U.K. and Spain are used to indicate some of the important issues and how small firms may differ from large firms in this area. The importance of informal mechanisms such as the influence of friends, family and employees are highlighted, and the likely ineffectiveness of formal tools such as Codes and Social and Ethical Standards suggested. Further resarch in the (...)
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  15.  5
    Gabriel Arnold, Charles Spence & Malika Auvray (2016). Taking Someone Else’s Spatial Perspective: Natural Stance or Effortful Decentring? Cognition 148:27-33.
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  16. Laura J. Spence (1999). Does Size Matter? The State of the Art in Small Business Ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review 8 (3):163-174.
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  17.  5
    Angelo Maravita, Charles Spence, Steffan Kennett & Jon Driver (2002). Tool-Use Changes Multimodal Spatial Interactions Between Vision and Touch in Normal Humans. Cognition 83 (2):B25-B34.
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  18. Sean A. Spence (2001). Alien Control: From Phenomenology to Cognitive Neurobiology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (2-3):163-172.
  19.  8
    Charles Spence & Cesare Parise (2010). Prior-Entry: A Review. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):364-379.
    The law of prior entry was one of E.B. Titchener’s seven fundamental laws of attention. According to Titchener : “the object of attention comes to consciousness more quickly than the objects which we are not attending to.” Although researchers have been studying prior entry for more than a century now, progress in understanding the effect has been hindered by the many methodological confounds present in early research. As a consequence, it is unclear whether the behavioral effects reported in the majority (...)
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  20. Andrew J. Bremner, Serge Caparos, Jules Davidoff, Jan de Fockert, Karina J. Linnell & Charles Spence (2013). “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A Remote Culture Make Similar Shape–Sound Matches, but Different Shape–Taste Matches to Westerners. Cognition 126 (2):165-172.
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  21. Edward Spence (2006). Ethics Within Reason: A Neo-Gewirthian Approach. Lexington Books.
    The justification of the theory -- Gewirth's argument for the principle of generic consistency -- Objections to Gewirth's argument -- Positive rights and community -- Agents and persons : the dignity-conferring value of rights -- A reconstruction of Gewirth's argument for the PGC around the concept of self-respect -- The unity of the right and the good : rights, virtues, and sentiments -- The unity of the right and the good -- Conflicts of duties : special obligations -- The resolution (...)
     
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  22.  45
    M. Auvray & C. SpenCe (2008). The Multisensory Perception of Flavor. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1016-1031.
    Following on from ecological theories of perception, such as the one proposed by [Gibson, J. J. . The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin] this paper reviews the literature on the multisensory interactions underlying the perception of flavor in order to determine the extent to which it is really appropriate to consider flavor perception as a distinct perceptual system. We propose that the multisensory perception of flavor may be indicative of the fact that the taxonomy currently used to (...)
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  23.  9
    Charles Spence, David I. Shore & Raymond M. Klein (2001). Multisensory Prior Entry. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):799.
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  24.  5
    Hui Jin & Edward H. Spence (forthcoming). Internet Addiction and Well-Being: Daoist and Stoic Reflections. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-17.
    This article explores the phenomenon of Internet addiction and its possible amelioration, from both Eastern and Western philosophical perspectives. Internet addiction is caused by the excessive use of the Internet and its resulting dependence, having negative effects on human well-being. The ideas of a key ancient Chinese Daoist thinker Zhuangzi 莊子 and his Western contemporaries, the Stoics, as viewed through the world, the things and beings in it, and their relationships, offer insights which may be used to (...)
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  25. G. Moore & L. Spence (2006). Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises & Corporate Social Responsibility: Identifying the Knowledge Gaps. Editorial. Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):219-226.
     
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  26. L. J. Spence (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility and Small Business in a European Policy Context. Business and Society Review 112 (4):533-552.
     
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  27.  9
    Yi-Chuan Chen & Charles Spence (2010). When Hearing the Bark Helps to Identify the Dog: Semantically-Congruent Sounds Modulate the Identification of Masked Pictures. Cognition 114 (3):389-404.
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  28.  7
    Sean Spence (2009). The Actor's Brain: Exploring the Cognitive Neuroscience of Free Will. OUP Oxford.
    Is free will just an illusion? What is it in the brain that allows us to pursue our own actions and objectives? What is it about this organ that permits seemingly purposeful behaviour, giving us the impression we are free? This book takes a journey into the brain to examine what is about known voluntary behaviour, and why it can go wrong.
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  29. Sean Spence (2006). A Cognitive Neurobiological Account of Deception: Evidence From Functional Neuroimaging. In Semir Zeki & Oliver Goodenough (eds.), Law and the Brain. OUP Oxford
     
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  30.  79
    Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.) (2004). Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. OUP Oxford.
    Many organisms possess multiple sensory systems, such as vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. The possession of multiple ways of sensing the world offers many benefits. However, combining information from different senses also poses many challenges for the nervous system. In recent years there has been dramatic progress in understanding how information from the different senses gets integrated in order to construct useful representations of external space. This volume brings together the leading researchers from a broad range of scientific approaches (...)
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  31. Sean A. Spence (1996). Free Will in the Light of Neuropsychiatry. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (2):75-90.
  32.  1
    Laura J. Spence, Anne‐Marie Coles & Lisa Harris (2001). The Forgotten Stakeholder? Ethics and Social Responsibility in Relation to Competitors. Business and Society Review 106 (4):331-352.
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  33.  18
    Alberto Gallace, Sophia Zeeden, Brigitte Röder & Charles Spence (2010). Lost in the Move? Secondary Task Performance Impairs Tactile Change Detection on the Body. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):215-229.
    Change blindness, the surprising inability of people to detect significant changes between consecutively-presented visual displays, has recently been shown to affect tactile perception as well. Visual change blindness has been observed during saccades and eye blinks, conditions under which people’s awareness of visual information is temporarily suppressed. In the present study, we demonstrate change blindness for suprathreshold tactile stimuli resulting from the execution of a secondary task requiring bodily movement. In Experiment 1, the ability of participants to detect changes between (...)
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  34.  29
    Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence (2006). Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness. In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press 15-64.
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  35.  11
    Jon Driver & Charles Spence (1998). Attention and the Crossmodal Construction of Space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (7):254-262.
  36.  32
    Crawford Spence & Ian Thomson (2009). Resonance Tropes in Corporate Philanthropy Discourse. Business Ethics 18 (4):372-388.
    This paper explores corporate charitable giving disclosures in order to question the extent to which corporations can claim that their philanthropy activities are charitable at all. Exploration of these issues is carried out by means of a tropological analysis that focuses on the different linguistic tropes within the philanthropy disclosures of 52 companies, namely metaphor and synecdoche. The results reveal a number of complex and contradictory things. Primarily, the master metaphor of 'altruism' projected by the corporate disclosures is ideologically at (...)
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  37.  9
    Angela Ayios, Ronald Jeurissen, Paul Manning & Laura J. Spence (2014). Social Capital: A Review From an Ethics Perspective. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (1):108-124.
    Social capital has as its key element the value of social relationships to generate positive outcomes, both for the key parties involved and for wider society. Some authors have noted that social capital nevertheless has a dark side. There is a moral element to such a conceptualisation, yet there is scarce discussion of ethics within the social capital literature. In this paper ethical theory is applied to four traditions or approaches to economic social capital: neo-capitalism; network/reputation; neo-Tocquevellian; and development. Each (...)
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  38.  14
    Michael Boylan, Felicia Nimue Ackerman, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Sybol Cook Anderson & Edward Spence (2011). Using Fictive Narrative to Teach Ethics/Philosophy. Teaching Ethics 12 (1):61-94.
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  39.  18
    Edward H. Spence (2011). Information, Knowledge and Wisdom: Groundwork for the Normative Evaluation of Digital Information and its Relation to the Good Life. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (3):261-275.
    This paper provides a general philosophical groundwork for the theoretical and applied normative evaluation of information generally and digital information specifically in relation to the good life. The overall aim of the paper is to address the question of how Information Ethics and computer ethics more generally can be expanded to include more centrally the issue of how and to what extent information relates and contributes to the quality of life or the good life , for individuals and for society. (...)
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  40.  23
    A. GAllace & C. SpenCe (2008). The Cognitive and Neural Correlates of “Tactile Consciousness”: A Multisensory Perspective. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):370-407.
    People’s awareness of tactile stimuli has been investigated in far less detail than their awareness of stimuli in other sensory modalities. In an attempt to fill this gap, we provide an overview of studies that are pertinent to the topic of tactile consciousness. We discuss the results of research that has investigated phenomena such as “change blindness”, phantom limb sensations, and numerosity judgments in tactile perception, together with the results obtained from the study of patients affected by deficits that can (...)
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  41.  70
    S. E. Spence & A. D. Parks (2012). Experimental Evidence for a Dynamical Non-Locality Induced Effect in Quantum Interference Using Weak Values. Foundations of Physics 42 (6):803-815.
    The quantum theoretical concepts of modular momentum and dynamical non-locality, which were introduced four decades ago, have recently been used to explain single particle quantum interference phenomena. Although the non-local exchange of modular momentum associated with such phenomena cannot be directly observed, it has been suggested that effects induced by this exchange can be measured experimentally using weak measurements of pre- and post-selected ensembles of particles. This paper reports on such an optical experiment that yielded measured weak values that were (...)
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  42. Charles Spence (2011). Tool Use and the Representation of Peripersonal Space in Humans. In Teresa McCormack, Christoph Hoerl & Stephen Andrew Butterfill (eds.), Tool Use and Causal Cognition. OUP Oxford
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  43.  17
    Jon Driver & Charles Spence (2004). Crossmodal Spatial Attention: Evidence From Human Performance. In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. OUP Oxford 179--220.
  44.  9
    Bruce Macfarlane & Laura J. Spence (2003). Redefining the Scholarship of Business Ethics: An Editorial. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (1):1-6.
    Traditionally, the term "scholarship" has been narrowly defined as discovery-based research. Teaching in higher education, by contrast, is perceived as an intellectually inferior activity. However, the teaching-research divide is a crude distinction which fails to capture the richness of scholarly endeavour in all disciplines. Drawing on Boyer''s four forms of scholarship, it is argued that academic work in business ethics needs to be reconceptualised in terms which honour and value all contributions. This special issue of the Journal of Business Ethics, (...)
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  45.  1
    K. W. Spence (1942). The Basis of Solution by Chimpanzees of the Intermediate Size Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (4):257.
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  46.  32
    Edward H. Spence (2008). Corruption in the Media. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):231-241.
    Using a general model of corruption that explains and accounts for corruption across different corporate and professional activities, the paper will examine how certain practices in the media, especially in areas where journalism, advertising and public relations regularly intersect and converge, can be construed as instances of corruption. By applying this general model of corruption the paper will then offer a taxonomy of media corruption by identifying most if not all the major types of media corruption. It will be argued (...)
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  47.  18
    Charles Spence, John Mcdonald & Jon Driver (2004). Exogenous Spatial Cuing Studies of Human Crossmodal Attention and Multisensory Integration. In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. OUP Oxford
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  48. C. Spence & C. Parise (2009). Prior Entry. Consciousness and Cognition. Http://Dx. Doi. Org/10.1016/J. Concog 1.
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  49.  17
    Andrew J. Bremner, Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence (2008). Infants Lost in Space? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):298-305.
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  50.  6
    K. W. Spence & R. Lippitt (1946). An Experimental Test of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Trial and Error Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (6):491.
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