Search results for 'Gert Jan Lokhorst' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  18
    Jeroen van den Hoven, Gert-Jan Lokhorst & Ibo van de Poel (2012). Engineering and the Problem of Moral Overload. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):143-155.
    When thinking about ethics, technology is often only mentioned as the source of our problems, not as a potential solution to our moral dilemmas. When thinking about technology, ethics is often only mentioned as a constraint on developments, not as a source and spring of innovation. In this paper, we argue that ethics can be the source of technological development rather than just a constraint and technological progress can create moral progress rather than just moral problems. We show this by (...)
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  2. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst, Maarten Doormans Kwantitatieve Argumenten Voor Vooruitgang in de Kunst.
    Basisbegrippen. Een formeel model voor de ontwikkeling van de kunst is een structuur T, <, K, , d, p, q, s, B , waarbij T een verzameling van “tijdstippen” is, < (“is eerder dan”) een relatie op T is, K een verzameling van “mogelijke kunstwerken” is, (“levert commentaar op”) een relatie op K is, d, p, q en s functies van K naar de verzameling van alle deelverzamelingen van K zijn, en B een functie van T naar de verzameling van (...)
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  3. Gert-Jan Lokhorst, INTERview.
    prevailing view, holding that the contents of our thoughts are mainly the result of external factors. The corollary is that we will never really be able to read a person’s mind.
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  4. Gert-Jan Lokhorst, De Mens AlS Computer.
    De mens is in de afgelopen drie eeuwen vaak vergeleken met allerlei soorten machines. In de achttiende eeuw was de klokmetafoor tamelijk populair; psychologische termen als ‘drijfveer’, ‘van slag raken’ en ‘opgewonden zijn’ herinneren hier nog aan [Vroon and Draaisma, 1985]. In de negentiende eeuw overheerste de stoommachine-metafoor. De psychologie van Freud wordt wel als een uitgewerkte versie van deze metafoor beschouwd [Russelmann, 1983]. Ook uitdrukkingen als ‘uitlaatkleppen’, ‘stoom afblazen’ en ‘iemand opstoken’ zijn eraan te danken. De stoommachine-metafoor wordt nog (...)
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  5.  15
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2013). An Intuitionistic Reformulation of Mally's Deontic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (4):635-641.
    In 1926, Ernst Mally proposed a number of deontic postulates. He added them as axioms to classical propositional logic. The resulting system was unsatisfactory because it had the consequence that A is the case if and only if it is obligatory that A. We present an intuitionistic reformulation of Mally’s deontic logic. We show that this system does not provide the just-mentioned objectionable theorem while most of the theorems that Mally considered acceptable are still derivable. The resulting system is unacceptable (...)
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  6. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). Ernst Mally's Deontik (1926). Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):273-282.
    In 1926, Mally proposed the first formal deontic system. As Mally and others soon realized, this system had some rather strange consequences. We show that the strangeness of Mally's system is not so much due to Mally's informal deontic principles as to the fact that he formalized those principles in terms of the propositional calculus. If they are formalized in terms of relevant logic rather than classical logic, one obtains a system which is related to Anderson's relevant deontic logic and (...)
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  7. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2006). Andersonian Deontic Logic, Propositional Quantification, and Mally. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (3):385-395.
    We present a new axiomatization of the deontic fragment of Anderson's relevant deontic logic, give an Andersonian reduction of a relevant version of Mally's deontic logic previously discussed in this journal, study the effect of adding propositional quantification to Anderson's system, and discuss the meaning of Anderson's propositional constant in a wide range of Andersonian deontic systems.
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  8. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). Geach's Deontic Quantifier. Philosophia 27 (1-2):247-251.
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  9.  8
    Gert-Jan Lokhorst, Mally's Deontic Logic. Grazer Philosophische Studien.
    In 1926, Mally presented the first formal system of deontic logic. His system had several consequences which Mally regarded as surprising but defensible. It also, however, has the consequence that A is obligatory if and only if A is the case, which is unacceptable from the point of view of any reasonable deontic logic. We describe Mally's system and discuss how it might reasonably be repaired.
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  10.  65
    Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). Computational Meta-Ethics. Minds and Machines 21 (2):261-274.
    It has been argued that ethically correct robots should be able to reason about right and wrong. In order to do so, they must have a set of do’s and don’ts at their disposal. However, such a list may be inconsistent, incomplete or otherwise unsatisfactory, depending on the reasoning principles that one employs. For this reason, it might be desirable if robots were to some extent able to reason about their own reasoning—in other words, if they had some meta-ethical capacities. (...)
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  11.  42
    Nicole A. Vincent, Pim Haselager & Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). “The Neuroscience of Responsibility”—Workshop Report. Neuroethics 4 (2):175-178.
    This is a report on the 3-day workshop “The Neuroscience of Responsibility” that was held in the Philosophy Department at Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands during February 11th–13th, 2010. The workshop had 25 participants from The Netherlands, Germany, Italy, UK, USA, Canada and Australia, with expertise in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry and law. Its aim was to identify current trends in neurolaw research related specifically to the topic of responsibility, and to foster international collaborative research on this topic. (...)
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  12.  17
    Jeroen van Den Hoven & Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2002). Deontic Logic and Computer-Supported Computer Ethics. In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing. Blackwell Pub. 376-386.
  13.  9
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Reasoning About Actions and Obligations in First-Order Logic. Studia Logica 57 (1):221 - 237.
    We describe a new way in which theories about the deontic status of actions can be represented in terms of the standard two-sorted extensional predicate calculus. Some of the resulting formal theories are easy to implement in Prolog; one prototype implementation--R. M. Lee's deontic expert shell DX--is briefly described.
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  14.  14
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2015). Mally’s Deontic Logic: Reducibility and Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (3):309-319.
    We discuss three aspects of the intuitionistic reformulation of Mally’s deontic logic that was recently proposed ). First, this reformulation is more similar to Standard Deontic Logic than appears at first sight: like Standard Deontic Logic, it is Kanger reducible and Anderson reducible to alethic logic and it has a semantical interpretation that can be read in deontic terms. Second, this reformulation has an extension that provides 100% of the theorems stated by Mally himself. Third, it is interesting to view (...)
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  15.  44
    Gert Jan Lokhorst (1988). Ontology, Semantics and Philosophy of Mind in Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Formal Reconstruction. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 29 (1):35 - 75.
    The paper presents a formal explication of the early Wittgenstein's views on ontology, the syntax and semantics of an ideal logical language, and the propositional attitudes. It will be shown that Wittgenstein gave a language of thought analysis of propositional attitude ascriptions, and that his ontological views imply that such ascriptions are truth-functions of (and supervenient upon) elementary sentences. Finally, an axiomatization of a quantified doxastic modal logic corresponding to Tractarian semantics will be given.
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  16.  35
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). The Digital Phoenix: How Computers Are Changing Philosophy. Terrell Ward Bynum and James H. Moor, Editor. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):67-71.
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  17.  14
    Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). Erratum To: Computational Meta-Ethics. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (3):475-475.
  18.  5
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1985). Hemisphere Differences Before 1800. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):642-642.
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  19.  13
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1991). Wittgenstein on the Structure of the Soul: A New Interpretation of Tractatus 5.5421. Philosophical Investigations 14 (4):324-341.
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  20.  4
    Gert-Jan Lokhorst (1988). Ontology, Semantics and Philosophy of Mind in Wittgenstein's "Tractatus": A Formal Reconstruction. Erkenntnis 29 (1):35 - 75.
    The paper presents a formal explication of the early Wittgenstein's views on ontology, the syntax and semantics of an ideal logical language, and the propositional attitudes. It will be shown that Wittgenstein gave a "language of thought" analysis of propositional attitude ascriptions, and that his ontological views imply that such ascriptions are truth-functions of (and supervenient upon) elementary sentences. Finally, an axiomatization of a quantified doxastic modal logic corresponding to Tractarian semantics will be given.
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  21.  7
    Gert -Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Reasoning About Actions and Obligations in First-Order Logic. Studia Logica 57 (1):221 - 237.
    We describe a new way in which theories about the deontic status of actions can be represented in terms of the standard two-sorted first-order extensional predicate calculus. Some of the resulting formal theories are easy to implement in Prolog; one prototype implementation—R. M. Lee's deontic expert shell DX—is briefly described.
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  22.  1
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1987). The Modal Status of Antinomies. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (1):102-105.
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  23.  1
    Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2008). Anderson's Relevant Deontic and Eubouliatic Systems. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (1):65-73.
    We present axiomatizations of the deontic fragment of Anderson's relevant deontic logic (the logic of obligation and related concepts) and the eubouliatic fragment of Anderson's eubouliatic logic (the logic of prudence, safety, risk, and related concepts).
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  24. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Counting the Minds of Split-Brain Patients. Logique Et Analyse 39 (155-6):315-324.
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  25. Gert-jan Lokhorst (2006). Vereniging voor analytische filosofie. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 4.
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  26.  1
    Mally'S. Deont1c Log1c (2004). Gert-Jan C. LOKHORST Erasmus University, Rotterdam Lou GOBLE Willamette University, Salem. Grazer Philosophische Studien: Internationale Zeitschrift für Analytische Philosophie. Vol. 67 67:37-57.
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  27.  7
    Harris Bechtol (2015). Gert-Jan van der Heiden: Ontology After Ontotheology: Plurality, Event, and Contingency in Contemporary Philosophy. Continental Philosophy Review 48 (4):497-504.
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  28.  5
    Brian Harding (2015). Ontology After Ontotheology: Plurality, Event and Contingency in Contemporary Philosophy. By Gert‐Jan van der Heiden. Pp. Ix, 340, Pittsburg, Duquesne University Press, 2014, $30.00. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 56 (6):1085-1086.
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  29.  11
    Luca M. Possati, Aurore Dumont, Paul-Gabriel Sandu, Paul Marinescu, Witold Płotka, Delia Popa, Maria Gyemant, Christian Ferencz-Flatz, Bogdan Mincă, Denisa Butnaru, Ovidiu Stanciu & Mădălina Diaconu (2013). Book Reviews: Jean Grondin, Paul Ricoeur_, Paris: PUF, 2013 (Luca M. Possati); François Dosse Et Catherine Goldenstein (Éds.), _Paul Ricoeur : Penser la Mémoire_, Paris, Seuil, 2013 (Aurore Dumont); Gert-Jan van der Heiden, _The Truth (and Untruth) of Language. Heidegger, Ricoeur and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement_, Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press (Paul-Gabriel Sandu); Marc-Antoine Vallée, _Gadamer Et Ricoeur. La Conception Herméneutique du Langage_, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2012, Coll. «Philosophica»,(Paul Marinescu); Saulius Geniusas, _The Origins of the Horizon in Husserl's Phenomenology_, Dordrecht: Springer, Series: Contributions to Phenomenology, Vol. 67, 2012 (Witold Płotka); Annabelle Dufourcq, _La Dimension Imaginaire du Réel Dans la Philosophie de Husserl_, Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, Coll.: _Phaenomenologica_ 198 (Delia Popa); Denis Seron, _Ce Que Voir Veut Dire. Essai Sur la Perception, Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 2012 (Maria Gyemant); Hans Frie. [REVIEW] Studia Phaenomenologica 13:469-508.
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  30.  20
    Garrett Zantow Bredeson (2011). The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement Gert-Jan van der Heiden Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press, 2010; 296 Pp.; $25.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW] Dialogue 50 (02):407-409.
  31.  6
    Lauren Swayne Barthold (2014). The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement. By Gert‐Jan van der Heiden. Pp. 244, Pittsburgh, PA, Duquesne University Press, 2010, $20.54. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 55 (4):739-742.
  32.  5
    Karl Simms (2010). Review of Gert-Jan Van der Heiden, The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (11).
  33.  9
    Bernard Gert (2007). Reply to Julia Driver, Timm Triplett, and Kathleen Wallace. Metaphilosophy 38 (4):404-419.
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  34.  54
    Bernard Gert (1998). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press.
    This book offers the fullest and most sophisticated account of Gert's influential moral theory, a model first articulated in the classic work The Moral Rules: A New Rational Foundation for Morality, published in 1970. In this final revision, Gert makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always provide a range of morally acceptable options. A new chapter on reasons includes (...)
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  35.  47
    Bernard Gert (2004/2007). Common Morality: Deciding What to Do. Oxford University Press.
    Moral problems do not always come in the form of great social controversies. More often, the moral decisions we make are made quietly, constantly, and within the context of everyday activities and quotidian dilemmas. Indeed, these smaller decisions are based on a moral foundation that few of us ever stop to think about but which guides our every action. Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls "common morality" -- the moral system (...)
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  36.  16
    Bernard Gert (1997). Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. Oxford University Press.
    An updated and expanded successor to Culver and Gert's Philosophy in Medicine, this book integrates moral philosophy with clinical medicine to present a comprehensive summary of the theory, concepts, and lines of reasoning underlying the ...
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  37.  54
    Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver & K. Danner Clouser (2000). Common Morality Versus Specified Principlism: Reply to Richardson. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):308 – 322.
    In his article 'Specifying, balancing and interpreting bioethical principles' (Richardson, 2000), Henry Richardson claims that the two dominant theories in bioethics - principlism, put forward by Beauchamp and Childress in Principles of Bioethics , and common morality, put forward by Gert, Culver and Clouser in Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals - are deficient because they employ balancing rather than specification to resolve disputes between principles or rules. We show that, contrary to Richardson's claim, the major problem with principlism, either (...)
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  38.  1
    Gert-Jan van der Heiden (2014). The Voice of the Past in the Present. Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (3):426-444.
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  39.  4
    Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Wija Oortwijn, Gert Jan van der Wilt, Pietro Refolo, Dario Sacchini, Kati Mozygemba, Ansgar Gerhardus, Louise Brereton & Bjørn Hofmann (2016). Ethical analysis in HTA of complex health interventions. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    In the field of health technology assessment, there are several approaches that can be used for ethical analysis. However, there is a scarcity of literature that critically evaluates and compares the strength and weaknesses of these approaches when they are applied in practice. In this paper, we analyse the applicability of some selected approaches for addressing ethical issues in HTA in the field of complex health interventions. Complex health interventions have been the focus of methodological attention in HTA. However, the (...)
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  40.  2
    Jonas Ahlskog (forthcoming). The Crisis of Testimony in Historiography. Brill.
    _ Source: _Page Count 23 The essay examines the recent discussion about a “crisis of testimony” in historiography. Central to this discussion is the question of how it is possible for human testimony to convey information about the limit experiences of 20th century history. Given that the credibility of testimony is assessed by appealing to our previous understanding of what is credible, testimony to limit experiences risks being dismissed as unbelievable or implausible. This issue has recently been addressed in the (...)
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  41.  6
    Gert-Jan van der Heiden (2011). Announcement, Attestation, and Equivocity. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):415-432.
    Ricoeur’s hermeneutics provides us with an important and original account of the meaning and the implications of the “ontological turn” that has taken place in hermeneutics since Heidegger’s work. By means of the pair ontologisation and hermeneutisation, which is borrowed from Jean Grondin, this paper examineshow Ricoeur rethinks the relation between being and language. Distancing itself from Nancy’s critique of Ricoeur’s hermeneutics, this paper first shows thatRicoeur’s hermeneutic ontology should not be understood as a “secondary” form of hermeneutics. Rather, it (...)
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  42.  15
    Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Ester Ferrari, Gernot Kronreif, Barbara Prazak-Aram, Patrizia Marti, Iolanda Iacono, Gert Jan Gelderblom, Tanja Bernd & Francesca Caprino (2012). Scenarios of Robot-Assisted Play for Children with Cognitive and Physical Disabilities. Interaction Studies 13 (2):189-234.
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  43.  22
    Gert Jan van der Wilt, Rob Reuzel & H. David Banta (2000). The Ethics of Assessing Health Technologies. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):101-113.
    Health technology assessment consists of thesystematic study of the consequences of theintroduction or continued use of the technology in aparticular context, with the explicit objective toarrive at a judgment of the value or merit of thetechnology. Ideally, it is aimed at assessing allaspects of a given technology or group oftechnologies, including non-technical, e.g.socio-ethical, aspects. However, methods for assessingsocio-ethical implications of health technology arerelatively undeveloped and few mechanisms exist totake action based on the results of such evaluations.Still, the examples of cochlear (...)
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  44.  1
    Jonas Ahlskog (forthcoming). The Crisis of Testimony in Historiography. New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 23 The essay examines the recent discussion about a “crisis of testimony” in historiography. Central to this discussion is the question of how it is possible for human testimony to convey information about the limit experiences of 20th century history. Given that the credibility of testimony is assessed by appealing to our previous understanding of what is credible, testimony to limit experiences risks being dismissed as unbelievable or implausible. This issue has recently been addressed in the (...)
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  45.  5
    Rob P. B. Reuzel, Gert-Jan van Der Wilt, Henk A. M. J. ten Have & Pieter F. de Vries Robbé (1999). Reducing Normative Bias in Health Technology Assessment: Interactive Evaluation and Casuistry. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):255-263.
    Health technology assessment (HTA) is often biased in the sense that it neglects relevant perspectives on the technology in question. To incorporate different perspectives in HTA, we should pursue agreement about what are relevant, plausible, and feasible research questions; interactive technology assessment (iTA) might be suitable for this goal. In this way a kind of procedural ethics is established. Currently, ethics too often is focussed on the application of general principles, which leaves a lot of confusion as to what really (...)
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  46.  4
    Martijn Boven, Eddo Evink & Gert-Jan van der Heiden (2014). Paul Ricoeur and the Future of the Humanities. International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (2):112-114.
  47.  6
    Roel Van Goor, Frieda Heyting & Gert-Jan Vreeke (2004). Beyond Foundations - Signs of a New Normativity in Philosophy of Education. Educational Theory 54 (2):1-1.
  48.  12
    Michael Ruse, Gert Jan Wilt & Mark G. Kuczewski (1994). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4):455-463.
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  49.  5
    Gert-Jan van der Heiden (2009). Het verlangen naar cultuur. Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (3):38-39.
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  50.  4
    Gert-Jan van der Heiden (2009). De rede en haar monsters. Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (2):38.
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