Search results for 'Gert Jan Lokhorst' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). Computational Meta-Ethics. Minds and Machines 21 (2):261-274.score: 870.0
    It has been argued that ethically correct robots should be able to reason about right and wrong. In order to do so, they must have a set of do’s and don’ts at their disposal. However, such a list may be inconsistent, incomplete or otherwise unsatisfactory, depending on the reasoning principles that one employs. For this reason, it might be desirable if robots were to some extent able to reason about their own reasoning—in other words, if they had some meta-ethical capacities. (...)
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  2. Nicole A. Vincent, Pim Haselager & Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). “The Neuroscience of Responsibility”—Workshop Report. Neuroethics 4 (2):175-178.score: 870.0
    This is a report on the 3-day workshop “The Neuroscience of Responsibility” that was held in the Philosophy Department at Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands during February 11th–13th, 2010. The workshop had 25 participants from The Netherlands, Germany, Italy, UK, USA, Canada and Australia, with expertise in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry and law. Its aim was to identify current trends in neurolaw research related specifically to the topic of responsibility, and to foster international collaborative research on this topic. (...)
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  3. Gert Jan Lokhorst (1988). Ontology, Semantics and Philosophy of Mind in Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Formal Reconstruction. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 29 (1):35 - 75.score: 870.0
    The paper presents a formal explication of the early Wittgenstein's views on ontology, the syntax and semantics of an ideal logical language, and the propositional attitudes. It will be shown that Wittgenstein gave a language of thought analysis of propositional attitude ascriptions, and that his ontological views imply that such ascriptions are truth-functions of (and supervenient upon) elementary sentences. Finally, an axiomatization of a quantified doxastic modal logic corresponding to Tractarian semantics will be given.
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  4. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). The Digital Phoenix: How Computers Are Changing Philosophy. Terrell Ward Bynum and James H. Moor, Editor. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):67-71.score: 870.0
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  5. Jeroen van den Hoven, Gert-Jan Lokhorst & Ibo van de Poel (2012). Engineering and the Problem of Moral Overload. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):143-155.score: 870.0
    When thinking about ethics, technology is often only mentioned as the source of our problems, not as a potential solution to our moral dilemmas. When thinking about technology, ethics is often only mentioned as a constraint on developments, not as a source and spring of innovation. In this paper, we argue that ethics can be the source of technological development rather than just a constraint and technological progress can create moral progress rather than just moral problems. We show this by (...)
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  6. Jeroen van Den Hoven & Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2002). Deontic Logic and Computer-Supported Computer Ethics. In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing. Blackwell Pub.. 376-386.score: 870.0
  7. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2013). An Intuitionistic Reformulation of Mally's Deontic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (4):635-641.score: 870.0
    In 1926, Ernst Mally proposed a number of deontic postulates. He added them as axioms to classical propositional logic. The resulting system was unsatisfactory because it had the consequence that A is the case if and only if it is obligatory that A. We present an intuitionistic reformulation of Mally’s deontic logic. We show that this system does not provide the just-mentioned objectionable theorem while most of the theorems that Mally considered acceptable are still derivable. The resulting system is unacceptable (...)
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  8. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2006). Andersonian Deontic Logic, Propositional Quantification, and Mally. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (3):385-395.score: 870.0
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  9. Gert-Jan Lokhorst (2011). Erratum To: Computational Meta-Ethics. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (3):475-475.score: 870.0
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  10. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). Ernst Mally's Deontik (1926). Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):273-282.score: 870.0
    In 1926, Mally proposed the first formal deontic system. As Mally and others soon realized, this system had some rather strange consequences. We show that the strangeness of Mally's system is not so much due to Mally's informal deontic principles as to the fact that he formalized those principles in terms of the propositional calculus. If they are formalized in terms of relevant logic rather than classical logic, one obtains a system which is related to Anderson's relevant deontic logic and (...)
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  11. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1991). Wittgenstein on the Structure of the Soul: A New Interpretation of Tractatus 5.5421. Philosophical Investigations 14 (4):324-341.score: 870.0
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  12. Gert-Jan Lokhorst, De Mens AlS Computer.score: 870.0
    De mens is in de afgelopen drie eeuwen vaak vergeleken met allerlei soorten machines. In de achttiende eeuw was de klokmetafoor tamelijk populair; psychologische termen als ‘drijfveer’, ‘van slag raken’ en ‘opgewonden zijn’ herinneren hier nog aan [Vroon and Draaisma, 1985]. In de negentiende eeuw overheerste de stoommachine-metafoor. De psychologie van Freud wordt wel als een uitgewerkte versie van deze metafoor beschouwd [Russelmann, 1983]. Ook uitdrukkingen als ‘uitlaatkleppen’, ‘stoom afblazen’ en ‘iemand opstoken’ zijn eraan te danken. De stoommachine-metafoor wordt nog (...)
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  13. Gert-Jan Lokhorst, Mally's Deontic Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 870.0
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  14. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (forthcoming). Mally's Deontic Logic: Reducibility and Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-11.score: 870.0
    We discuss three aspects of the intuitionistic reformulation of Mally’s deontic logic that was recently proposed (Journal of Philosophical Logic 42, 635–641, (2013)). First, this reformulation is more similar to Standard Deontic Logic than appears at first sight: like Standard Deontic Logic, it is Kanger reducible and Anderson reducible to alethic logic and it has a semantical interpretation that can be read in deontic terms. Second, this reformulation has an extension that provides 100% of the theorems stated by Mally himself (...)
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  15. Gert-Jan Lokhorst, INTERview.score: 870.0
    prevailing view, holding that the contents of our thoughts are mainly the result of external factors. The corollary is that we will never really be able to read a person’s mind.
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  16. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst, Maarten Doormans Kwantitatieve Argumenten Voor Vooruitgang in de Kunst.score: 870.0
    Basisbegrippen. Een formeel model voor de ontwikkeling van de kunst is een structuur T, <, K, , d, p, q, s, B , waarbij T een verzameling van “tijdstippen” is, < (“is eerder dan”) een relatie op T is, K een verzameling van “mogelijke kunstwerken” is, (“levert commentaar op”) een relatie op K is, d, p, q en s functies van K naar de verzameling van alle deelverzamelingen van K zijn, en B een functie van T naar de verzameling van (...)
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  17. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (2008). Anderson's Relevant Deontic and Eubouliatic Systems. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (1):65-73.score: 870.0
    We present axiomatizations of the deontic fragment of Anderson's relevant deontic logic (the logic of obligation and related concepts) and the eubouliatic fragment of Anderson's eubouliatic logic (the logic of prudence, safety, risk, and related concepts).
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  18. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1999). Geach's Deontic Quantifier. Philosophia 27 (1-2):247-251.score: 870.0
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  19. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1985). Hemisphere Differences Before 1800. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):642-642.score: 870.0
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  20. Gert -Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Reasoning About Actions and Obligations in First-Order Logic. Studia Logica 57 (1):221 - 237.score: 870.0
    We describe a new way in which theories about the deontic status of actions can be represented in terms of the standard two-sorted first-order extensional predicate calculus. Some of the resulting formal theories are easy to implement in Prolog; one prototype implementation—R. M. Lee's deontic expert shell DX—is briefly described.
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  21. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1987). The Modal Status of Antinomies. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (1):102-105.score: 870.0
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  22. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Counting the Minds of Split-Brain Patients. Logique Et Analyse 39 (155-6):315-324.score: 870.0
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  23. Gert-Jan Lokhorst (1988). Ontology, Semantics and Philosophy of Mind in Wittgenstein's "Tractatus": A Formal Reconstruction. Erkenntnis 29 (1):35 - 75.score: 870.0
    The paper presents a formal explication of the early Wittgenstein's views on ontology, the syntax and semantics of an ideal logical language, and the propositional attitudes. It will be shown that Wittgenstein gave a "language of thought" analysis of propositional attitude ascriptions, and that his ontological views imply that such ascriptions are truth-functions of (and supervenient upon) elementary sentences. Finally, an axiomatization of a quantified doxastic modal logic corresponding to Tractarian semantics will be given.
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  24. Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst (1996). Reasoning About Actions and Obligations in First-Order Logic. Studia Logica 57 (1):221 - 237.score: 870.0
    We describe a new way in which theories about the deontic status of actions can be represented in terms of the standard two-sorted extensional predicate calculus. Some of the resulting formal theories are easy to implement in Prolog; one prototype implementation--R. M. Lee's deontic expert shell DX--is briefly described.
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  25. Mally'S. Deont1c Log1c (2004). Gert-Jan C. LOKHORST Erasmus University, Rotterdam Lou GOBLE Willamette University, Salem. Grazer Philosophische Studien: Internationale Zeitschrift für Analytische Philosophie. Vol. 67 67:37-57.score: 261.0
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  26. Bernard Gert (2007). Reply to Julia Driver, Timm Triplett, and Kathleen Wallace. Metaphilosophy 38 (4):404-419.score: 90.0
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  27. Garrett Zantow Bredeson (2011). The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement Gert-Jan van der Heiden Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press, 2010; 296 Pp.; $25.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW] Dialogue 50 (02):407-409.score: 84.0
  28. Karl Simms (2010). Review of Gert-Jan Van der Heiden, The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (11).score: 84.0
  29. Luca M. Possati, Aurore Dumont, Paul-Gabriel Sandu, Paul Marinescu, Witold Płotka, Delia Popa, Maria Gyemant, Christian Ferencz-Flatz, Bogdan Mincă, Denisa Butnaru, Ovidiu Stanciu & Mădălina Diaconu (2013). Book Reviews: Jean Grondin, Paul Ricoeur_, Paris: PUF, 2013 (Luca M. Possati); François Dosse Et Catherine Goldenstein (Éds.), _Paul Ricoeur : Penser la Mémoire_, Paris, Seuil, 2013 (Aurore Dumont); Gert-Jan van der Heiden, _The Truth (and Untruth) of Language. Heidegger, Ricoeur and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement_, Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press (Paul-Gabriel Sandu); Marc-Antoine Vallée, _Gadamer Et Ricoeur. La Conception Herméneutique du Langage_, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2012, Coll. «Philosophica»,(Paul Marinescu); Saulius Geniusas, _The Origins of the Horizon in Husserl's Phenomenology_, Dordrecht: Springer, Series: Contributions to Phenomenology, Vol. 67, 2012 (Witold Płotka); Annabelle Dufourcq, _La Dimension Imaginaire du Réel Dans la Philosophie de Husserl_, Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, Coll.: _Phaenomenologica_ 198 (Delia Popa); Denis Seron, _Ce Que Voir Veut Dire. Essai Sur la Perception, Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 2012 (Maria Gyemant); Hans Frie. [REVIEW] Studia Phaenomenologica 13:469-508.score: 84.0
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  30. Lauren Swayne Barthold (2014). The Truth (and Untruth) of Language: Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement. By Gert‐Jan van der Heiden. Pp. 244, Pittsburgh, PA, Duquesne University Press, 2010, $20.54. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 55 (4):739-742.score: 84.0
  31. Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver & K. Danner Clouser (2000). Common Morality Versus Specified Principlism: Reply to Richardson. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):308 – 322.score: 60.0
    In his article 'Specifying, balancing and interpreting bioethical principles' (Richardson, 2000), Henry Richardson claims that the two dominant theories in bioethics - principlism, put forward by Beauchamp and Childress in Principles of Bioethics , and common morality, put forward by Gert, Culver and Clouser in Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals - are deficient because they employ balancing rather than specification to resolve disputes between principles or rules. We show that, contrary to Richardson's claim, the major problem with principlism, either (...)
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  32. Bernard Gert (2004/2007). Common Morality: Deciding What to Do. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Moral problems do not always come in the form of great social controversies. More often, the moral decisions we make are made quietly, constantly, and within the context of everyday activities and quotidian dilemmas. Indeed, these smaller decisions are based on a moral foundation that few of us ever stop to think about but which guides our every action. Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls "common morality" -- the moral system (...)
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  33. Bernard Gert (1998). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book offers the fullest and most sophisticated account of Gert's influential moral theory, a model first articulated in the classic work The Moral Rules: A New Rational Foundation for Morality, published in 1970. In this final revision, Gert makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always provide a range of morally acceptable options. A new chapter on reasons includes (...)
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  34. Joshua Gert (2004). Brute Rationality: Normativity and Human Action. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Joshua Gert presents a new account of normative practical reasons and the way in which they contribute to the rationality of action. He argues that, rather than simply "counting in favor of" action, normative reasons play two logically distinct roles--that of requiring action and that of justifying action. Gert's book will appeal to a range of readers interested in practical reasoning in particular, and moral theory more generally.
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  35. Bernard Gert (1997). Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    An updated and expanded successor to Culver and Gert's Philosophy in Medicine, this book integrates moral philosophy with clinical medicine to present a comprehensive summary of the theory, concepts, and lines of reasoning underlying the ...
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  36. Joshua Gert (2012). Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
    Joshua Gert offers an original account of normative facts and properties, those which have implications for how we ought to behave. He argues that our ability to think and talk about normative notions such as reasons and benefits is dependent on how we respond to the world around us, including how we respond to the actions of other people.
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  37. Bernard Gert (1988). Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This volume is a revised, enlarged, and broadened version of Gert's classic 1970 book, The Moral Rules. Advocating an approach he terms "morality as impartial rationality," Gert here presents a full discussion of his moral theory, adding a wealth of new illuminating detail to his analysis of the concepts--rationality/irrationality, good/evil, and impartiality--by which he defines morality. He constructs a "moral system" that includes rules prohibiting the kinds of actions that cause evil, procedures for determining when violation of the (...)
     
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  38. Joshua Gert (2006). A Realistic Colour Realism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (4):565 – 589.score: 30.0
    Whether or not one endorses realism about colour, it is very tempting to regard realism about determinable colours such as green and yellow as standing or falling together with realism about determinate colours such as unique green or green31. Indeed some of the most prominent representatives of both sides of the colour realism debate explicitly endorse the idea that these two kinds of realism are so linked. Against such theorists, the present paper argues that one can be a realist about (...)
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  39. Joshua Gert (2005). A Functional Role Analysis of Reasons. Philosophical Studies 124 (3):353 - 378.score: 30.0
    One strategy for providing an analysis of practical rationality is to start with the notion of a practical reason as primitive. Then it will be quite tempting to think that the rationality of an action can be defined rather simply in terms of ‘the balance of reasons’. But just as, for many philosophical purposes, it is extremely useful to identify the meaning of a word in terms of the systematic contribution the word makes to the meanings of whole sentences, this (...)
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  40. Joshua Gert (2005). Breaking the Law of Desire. Erkenntnis 62 (3):295-319.score: 30.0
    This paper offers one formal reason why it may often be inappropriate to hold, of two conflicting desires, that the first must be weaker than, stronger than, or of the same strength as the second. The explanation of this fact does not rely on vagueness or epistemological problems in determining the strengths of desires. Nor does it make use of the problematic notion of incommensurability. Rather, the suggestion is that the motivational capacities of many desires might best be characterized by (...)
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  41. Joshua Gert (2002). Avoiding the Conditional Fallacy. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):88-95.score: 30.0
    Over-simple internalist accounts of practical reasons imply that we cannot have reasons to become more rational, because they claim that we have a reason to φ only if we would have some desire to φ if we were fully rational. But if we were fully rational, we would have no desire to become more rational. Robert Johnson has recently argued that in their attempts to avoid this problem, existing versions of internalism yield reasons which do not have an appropriate connection (...)
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  42. Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein (eds.) (2011). Rancière, Public Education and the Taming of Democracy. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Machine generated contents note: Notes on Contributors.1. Introduction: Hatred of Democracy... and of the Public Role of Education? (Maarten Simons and Jan Masschelein).2. The Public Role of Teaching: To Keep the Door Closed (Goele Cornelissen).3. Learner, Student, Speaker: Why It Matters How We Call Those We Teach (Gert Biesta).4. Ignorance and Translation, 'Artifacts' for Practices of Equality (Marc Derycke).5. Democratic Education: An (im)possibility That Yet Remains to Come (Daniel Friedrich, Bryn Jaastad and Thomas S. Popkewitz)6. Governmental, Political and Pedagogic (...)
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  43. Bernard Gert (1999). Common Morality and Computing. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):53-60.score: 30.0
    This article shows how common morality can be helpful in clarifying the discussion of ethical issues that arise in computing. Since common morality does not always provide unique answers to moral questions, not all such issues can be resolved, however common morality does provide a clear answer to the question whether one can illegally copy software for a friend.
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  44. Bernard Gert (1965). Imagination and Verifiability. Philosophical Studies 16 (3):44-47.score: 30.0
  45. Bernard Gert (1999). Acting Irrationally Versus Acting Contrary to What is Required by Reason. Journal of Social Philosophy 30 (3):379–386.score: 30.0
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  46. Bernard Gert (1967). Can a Brain Have a Pain? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (March):432-436.score: 30.0
  47. Bernard Gert (2004). Comments on Cahn's "the Happy Immoralist". Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):18–19.score: 30.0
  48. Deborah Giaschi, James E. Jan, Bruce Bjornson, Simon Au Young, Matthew Tata, Christopher J. Lyons, William V. Good & Peter K. H. Wong (2003). Conscious Visual Abilities in a Patient with Early Bilateral Occipital Damage. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45 (11):772-781.score: 30.0
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  49. Joshua Gert (2006). Mistaken Expressions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):459-479.score: 30.0
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  50. Joshua Gert (2005). A Light Theory with Heavy Burdens. Philosophical Studies 126 (1):57 - 70.score: 30.0
    In “ A Light Theory of Color”, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and David Sparrow argue that color is neither a primary quality of objects, nor a disposition that objects have, nor a property of our visual fields. Rather, according to the view they present, color is a property of light. The present paper aims to show, first, that the light theory is vulnerable to many of the very same objections that Sinnott-Armstrong and Sparrow raise against rival views. Second, the paper argues that (...)
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