Search results for 'Gestalt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. VOrdnung Gestalt (1959). ma resta l'Einfiihrung in den Zauberberg fiìr Studenten der Universitàt Prince-ton di Th. Mann. Ma, qualifiche siano i dissensi che può suscitare, è certo che il libro del Grassi si colloca tra la migliore produzione sull'arte e sul mito, e introduce in alcuni dei temi più profondi e suggestivi dell'estetica. [REVIEW] Rivista di Estetica 4:146.
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  2. Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1988). Mach and Ehrenfels: The Foundations of Gestalt Theory. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. 1988 124.
    Ernst Mach's atomistic theory of sensation faces problems in doing justice to our ability to perceive and remember complex phenomena such as melodies and shapes. Christian von Ehrenfels attempted to solve these problems with his theory of "Gestalt qualities", which he sees as entities depending one-sidedly on the corresponding simple objects of sensation. We explore the theory of dependence relations advanced by Ehrenfels and show how it relates to the views on the objects of perception advanced by Husserl and (...)
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  3. Barry Smith (1988). Gestalt Theory: An Essay in Philosophy. In Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia 11-81.
    The Austrian philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels published his essay "On 'Gestalt Qualities'" in 1890. The essay initiated a current of thought which enjoyed a powerful position in the philosophy and psychology of the first half of this century and has more recently enjoyed a minor resurgence of interest in the area of cognitive science, above all in criticisms of the so-called 'strong programme' in artificial intelligence. The theory of Gestalt is of course associated most specifically with psychologists of (...)
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  4. Steven Lehar (2003). Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of Subjective Conscious Experience: A Gestalt Bubble Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):357-408.
    A serious crisis is identified in theories of neurocomputation, marked by a persistent disparity between the phenomenological or experiential account of visual perception and the neurophysiological level of description of the visual system. In particular, conventional concepts of neural processing offer no explanation for the holistic global aspects of perception identified by Gestalt theory. The problem is paradigmatic and can be traced to contemporary concepts of the functional role of the neural cell, known as the Neuron Doctrine. In the (...)
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  5.  83
    William M. Epstein & Gary Hatfield (1994). Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind (...)
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  6.  50
    M. C. Dillon (1971). Gestalt Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Intentionality. Man and World 4 (4):436-459.
    The intent of the article is to define merleau-ponty's place in the phenomenological tradition and, at the same time, to defend his standpoint, especially on those issues where his thought represents a departure from the tradition. although merleau-ponty espouses a form of the husserlian doctrine of the intentionality of consciousness, his understanding of intentionality differs in several fundamental respects from husserl's. the article attempts to show specifically where merleau-ponty's gestalt- theoretical orientation leads him to modify such basic aspects of (...)
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  7.  82
    Steven Lehar (2003). The World in Your Head: A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    The World In Your Head: A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience represents a bold assault on one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in science: the nature of consciousness and the human mind. Rather than examining the brain and nervous system to see what they tell us about the mind, this book begins with an examination of conscious experience to see what it can tell us about the brain. Through this analysis, the first and most obvious observation (...)
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  8.  54
    Gaetano Kanizsa (1994). Gestalt Theory has Been Misinterpreted, but has Had Some Real Conceptual Difficulties. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):149-162.
    In the present article, the role of Gestalt concepts in clarifying the issues of perception is evaluated. Grounded in anti-atomism, Gestalt assumed organizing forces intrinsic to perception. Insofar these were identified with singularity preference, Gestalt is criticized for having failed to distinguish between perception and thought.
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  9. Barry Smith (ed.) (1988). Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia.
    In 1890 Christian von Ehrenfels published his classic paper "Über 'Gestaltqualitäten'", the first systematic investigation of the philosophy and psychology of Gestalt. Ehrenfels thereby issued an important challenge to the psychological atomism that was still predominant in his day. His paper not only exerted a powerful influence on the philosophy of the Meinong school, it also marked the beginning of the Gestalt tradition in psychology, later associated with the work of Wertheimer, Köhler and Koffka in Berlin. Includes papers (...)
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  10.  7
    Carlo Ierna (2009). Husserl et Stumpf sur la Gestalt et la fusion. Philosophiques 36 (2):489-510.
    In the second edition of the Logische Untersuchungen Husserl claims to have investigated higher order objects and Gestalt qualities before anyone else in the School of Brentano. Indeed, in the Philosophie der Arithmetik we find a discussion of figural moments and fusion that could lend some support to such a claim. By considering the concepts of Gestalt and Verschmelzung in their relevant historical context, the latter especially in connection to Stumpf, we find that Husserl indeed gave a quite (...)
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  11.  40
    Frederick V. Smith (1941). An Interpretation of the Theory of Gestalt. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 19 (December):193-215.
    In seeking an interpretation of the theory of Gestalt, the analysis revealed that the concept of Gestalt applies to processes and particularly to the way in which events or processes take place. The essential condition for the emergence of Gestalten or configurational properties was found to be—the ability of the parts or factors in the process to influence each other. In considering first, the more dynamic or formative phase of processes, the significant factors which influence the reciprocity of (...)
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  12.  21
    Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the mind-body relation (...)
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  13.  14
    Alf C. Zimmer & Hermann Korndle (1994). A Gestalt Theoretic Account for the Coordination of Perception and Action in Motor Learning. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):249-265.
    A review of the scanty Gestaltist literature on motor behaviour indicates that a genuine Gestalt theoretic approach to motor behaviour can be characterized by three research questions: (1) What are the natural units of motor behaviour? (2) What characterizes the self-organization in motor behaviour? (3) What are the conditions for invariance in motor behaviour? Tentative answers to these questions can be found by analysing the parallels between Gestalt theory and Bernstein's theory of motor actions and by showing that (...)
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  14.  27
    Uljana Feest (2007). Science and Experience/Science of Experience: Gestalt Psychology and the Anti-Metaphysical Project of the Aufbau. Perspectives on Science 15 (1):1-25.
    : This paper investigates the way in which Rudolf Carnap drew on Gestalt psychological notions when defining the basic elements of his constitutional system. I argue that while Carnap's conceptualization of basic experience was compatible with ideas articulated by members of the Berlin/Frankfurt school of Gestalt psychology, his formal analysis of the relationship between two basic experiences ("recollection of similarity") was not. This is consistent, given that Carnap's aim was to provide a unified reconstruction of scientific knowledge, as (...)
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  15.  6
    Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2013). Gestalt, Equivalency, and Functional Dependency. Kurt Grelling’s Formal Ontology. In Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer 245--261.
    In his ontological works Kurt Grelling tries to give a rigorous analysis of the foundations of the so-called Gestalt-psychology. Gestalten are peculiar emergent qualities, ontologically dependent on their foundations, but nonetheless non reducible to them. Grelling shows that this concept, as used in psychology and ontology, is often ambiguous. He distinguishes two important meanings in which the word “Gestalt” is used: Gestalten as structural aspects available to transposition and Gestalten as causally self-regulating wholes. Gestalten in the first meaning (...)
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  16. William D. Woody (1999). William James and Gestalt Psychology. Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (1):79-92.
    To date, there have been only two scholarly papers devoted to a comparison of Gestalt psychology with the psychology of William James. An early paper by Mary Whiton Calkins called attention to numerous similarities between these two schools of thought. However, a more recent paper by Mary Henle argues that the ideas of William James, as presented in The Principles of Psychology, are irrelevant to Gestalt psychology. In what follows, this claim is evaluated both in terms of The (...)
     
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  17.  14
    Cees van Leeuwen & John Stins (1994). Perceivable Information Or: The Happy Marriage Between Ecological Psychology and Gestalt. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):267-285.
    The ecological realist concept of information as environmental specification is discussed. It is argued that affordances in ecological realism could, in principle, rest on a notion of partial specification of environmental circumstances. For this aim, a notion of Gestalt quality as a hierarchical structure of affordances would have to be adopted. It is claimed that such an account could provide a promising way to deal with problems of intentionality in perception and action, awareness and problem solving.
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  18. Philip Brownell (2004). Perceiving You Perceiving Me: Self-Conscious Emotions and Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt! 8 (1).
     
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  19. R. Martinelli (2007). Teoria dei suoni e antropologia: la percezione musicale nella teoria della Gestalt. .
    La percezione musicale ha avuto un ruolo significativo nella storia della psicologia della Gestalt. Muovendo dalle critiche di Mach ed Ehrenfels alla dottrina elaborata da Helmholtz e dall’elaborazione teorica di Stumpf, destinata a fungere da ponte concettuale, il lavoro analizza la riflessione svoltasi in seno alla psicologia della Gestalt. Sorprendentemente, Köhler non si concentra sulle Gestalten musicali complesse, ma sulle qualità tonali più elementari, mostrandone la totale irriducibilità a fattori fisico-fisiologici. Sulla stessa linea è anche Hornbostel, il quale (...)
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  20.  70
    Carmelo Calì (2013). Gestalt Models for Data Decomposition and Functional Architecture in Visual Neuroscience. Gestalt Theory 35 (227-264).
    Attempts to introduce Gestalt theory into the realm of visual neuroscience are discussed on both theoretical and experimental grounds. To define the framework in which these proposals can be defended, this paper outlines the characteristics of a standard model, which qualifies as a received view in the visual neurosciences, and of the research into natural images statistics. The objections to the standard model and the main questions of the natural images research are presented. On these grounds, this paper defends (...)
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  21.  18
    Eva Ruhnau (1995). Time Gestalt and the Observer. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Conscious Experience. Paderborn: Ferdinand SchöNingh 165--184.
  22.  6
    K. W. Spence & R. Lippitt (1946). An Experimental Test of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Trial and Error Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (6):491.
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  23.  67
    Nicholas Rescher & Paul Oppenheim (1955). Logical Analysis of Gestalt Concepts. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (August):89-106.
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  24.  67
    D. H. J. Warner (1964). Resemblance and Gestalt Psychology. Analysis 24 (June):196-200.
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  25.  7
    Petar Bojanic (2003). The Enemy, His Gestalt of Animal. Filozofija I Društvo 22:213-230.
    The main cause of Schmitt’s and Kojève’s friendship, and consequently, their correspondence, lies in their common affinity for philosophy of Hegel. When they began corresponding in 1955, Schmitt was something of an academic pariah; in 1933, the legal scholar had joined the Nazi Party, publicly declared his anti-Semitism, was later interrogated at Nuremberg, and retired from his post at the University of Berlin in 1946. After his famous lectures on Hegel’s Phenomenology ended in 1939, Kojève joined the Resistance. At the (...)
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  26.  36
    Moreland Perkins (1953). Intersubjectivity and Gestalt Psychology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (June):437-451.
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  27. David W. Hamlyn (1957). The Psychology Of Perception: A Philosophical Examination Of Gestalt Theory And Derivative Theories Of Perception. The Humanities Press.
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  28.  17
    Reinhardt S. Grossman (1977). Structures Versus Sets: The Philosophical Background of Gestalt Psychology. Critica 9 (December):3-21.
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  29.  7
    Gary Hatfield (2011). Good Gestalt: Metzger on Seeing. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (1):81-85.
    Review of Wolfgang Metzger, Laws of Seeing, trans. Lothar Spillman, Steven Lehar, Mimsey Stromeyer, and Michael Wertheimer. MIT Press, 2006; paperback, 2009. Pp. xxv+203. £18.95 PB. Original German edition published in 1936.
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  30.  19
    Nicholas Rescher (1953). Mr Madden on Gestalt Theory. Philosophy of Science 20 (October):327-328.
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  31.  5
    Robert W. Leeper (1948). The Experiments by Spence and Lippitt and by Kendler on the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):102.
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  32.  2
    G. D. Higginson (1926). Apparent Visual Movement and the Gestalt. I. Nine Observations Which Stand Against Wertheimer's Cortical Theory. II. The Effect Upon Visual Movement of Colored Stimulus Objects. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (3):228.
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  33. Edward W. L. Smith (1976). The Growing Edge of Gestalt Therapy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  34.  3
    Russell A. Bell & William Bevan (1968). Influence of Anchors Upon the Operation of Certain Gestalt Organizing Principles. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):670.
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  35.  3
    H. L. Hollingworth (1938). Verbal Gestalt Experiments with Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (1):90.
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  36.  2
    Leigh Minturn (1954). A Test for Sign-Gestalt Expectancies Under Conditions of Negative Motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):98.
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  37.  1
    Kenneth W. Spence & Howard H. Kendler (1948). The Speculations of Leeper with Respect to the Iowa Tests of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):106-109.
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  38.  1
    J. G. Jenkins (1933). Dr. Metzger on "Gestalt Und Kontrast". Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (1):175-176.
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  39. Risieri Frondizi (1976). The Self as a Dynamic Gestalt. Personalist 57 (1):55-63.
     
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  40. Ash Gobar (1968). Philosophic Foundations Of Genetic Psychology And Gestalt Psychology. Martinus Nilboff.
     
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  41. Szekely Lajos (1959). The Problem of Experience in the Gestalt Psychology. Theoria 25:179-186.
     
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  42. Thomas H. Leahey (2003). Gestalt Psychology. In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 377-383.
     
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  43. R. Martinelli (1998). Musica e teoria della Gestalt. Paradigmi musicali nella psicologia del primo Novecento. Il Saggiatore Musicale 5:93-110.
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  44.  16
    Peter Philippson (2009). The Emergent Self: An Existential-Gestalt Approach. Karnac.
    This book tracks a particular understanding of self, philosophically, from research evidence and its implications for psychotherapy.
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  45. F. I. G. Rawlins (1953). Aesthetics and the Gestalt. [Edinburgh]Nelson.
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  46. Fredrik Sundqvist (2003). Perceptual Dynamics: Theoretical Foundations and Philosophical Implications of Gestalt Psychology (Acta Philosophica Gothoburgensia 16). GöTeborg: Acta Philosophica Gothoburgensia.
     
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  47. P. Godfrey-Smith & B. Kerr (2013). Gestalt-Switching and the Evolutionary Transitions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (1):205-222.
    Formal methods developed for modeling levels of selection problems have recently been applied to the investigation of major evolutionary transitions. We discuss two new tools of this kind. First, the ‘near-variant test’ can be used to compare the causal adequacy of predictively equivalent representations. Second, ‘state-variable gestalt-switching’ can be used to gain a useful dual perspective on evolutionary processes that involve both higher and lower level populations.
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  48. Johnjoe McFadden (2013). The CEMI Field Theory Gestalt Information and the Meaning of Meaning. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):3-4.
    In earlier papers I described the conscious electromagnetic information (CEMI) field theory, which claimed that the substrate of consciousness is the brain’s electromagnetic (EM) field. I here further explore this theory by examining the properties and dynamics of the information underlying meaning in consciousness. I argue that meaning suffers from a binding problem, analogous to the binding problem described for visual perception, and describe how the gestalt (holistic) properties of meaning give rise to this binding problem. To clarify the (...)
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  49. Anton Amann (1993). The Gestalt Problem in Quantum Theory: Generation of Molecular Shape by the Environment. [REVIEW] Synthese 97 (1):125 - 156.
    Quantum systems have a holistic structure, which implies that they cannot be divided into parts. In order tocreate (sub)objects like individual substances, molecules, nuclei, etc., in a universal whole, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations between all the subentities, e.g. all the molecules in a substance, must be suppressed by perceptual and mental processes.Here the particular problems ofGestalt (shape)perception are compared with the attempts toattribute a shape to a quantum mechanical system like a molecule. Gestalt perception and quantum mechanics turn out (on (...)
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  50.  25
    Joachim Schummer (2006). Gestalt Switch in Molecular Image Perception: The Aesthetic Origin of Molecular Nanotechnology in Supramolecular Chemistry. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 8 (1):53-72.
    According to ‘standard histories’ of nanotechnology, the colorful pictures of atoms produced by scanning probe microscopists since the 1980s essentially inspired visions of molecular nanotechnology. In this paper, I provide an entirely different account that, nonetheless, refers to aesthetic inspiration, First, I argue that the basic idea of molecular nanotechnology, i.e., producing molecular devices, has been the goal of supramolecular chemistry that emerged earlier, without being called nanotechnology. Secondly, I argue that in supramolecular chemistry the production of molecular devices was (...)
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