Search results for 'Gestalt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. VOrdnung Gestalt (1959). ma resta l'Einfiihrung in den Zauberberg fiìr Studenten der Universitàt Prince-ton di Th. Mann. Ma, qualifiche siano i dissensi che può suscitare, è certo che il libro del Grassi si colloca tra la migliore produzione sull'arte e sul mito, e introduce in alcuni dei temi più profondi e suggestivi dell'estetica. [REVIEW] Rivista di Estetica 4:146.score: 30.0
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  2. Barry Smith (1988). Gestalt Theory: An Essay in Philosophy. In , Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia. 11--81.score: 27.0
    The Austrian philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels published his essay "On 'Gestalt Qualities'" in 1890. The essay initiated a current of thought which enjoyed a powerful position in the philosophy and psychology of the first half of this century and has more recently enjoyed a minor resurgence of interest in the area of cognitive science, above all in criticisms of the so-called 'strong programme' in artificial intelligence. The theory of Gestalt is of course associated most specifically with psychologists of (...)
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  3. Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1988). Mach and Ehrenfels: The Foundations of Gestalt Theory. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. 1988. 124.score: 27.0
    Ernst Mach's atomistic theory of sensation faces problems in doing justice to our ability to perceive and remember complex phenomena such as melodies and shapes. Christian von Ehrenfels attempted to solve these problems with his theory of "Gestalt qualities", which he sees as entities depending one-sidedly on the corresponding simple objects of sensation. We explore the theory of dependence relations advanced by Ehrenfels and show how it relates to the views on the objects of perception advanced by Husserl and (...)
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  4. Steven Lehar (2003). Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of Subjective Conscious Experience: A Gestalt Bubble Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):357-408.score: 24.0
    A serious crisis is identified in theories of neurocomputation, marked by a persistent disparity between the phenomenological or experiential account of visual perception and the neurophysiological level of description of the visual system. In particular, conventional concepts of neural processing offer no explanation for the holistic global aspects of perception identified by Gestalt theory. The problem is paradigmatic and can be traced to contemporary concepts of the functional role of the neural cell, known as the Neuron Doctrine. In the (...)
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  5. William M. Epstein & Gary Hatfield (1994). Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.score: 24.0
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind (...)
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  6. Steven Lehar (2003). The World in Your Head: A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 24.0
    The World In Your Head: A Gestalt View of the Mechanism of Conscious Experience represents a bold assault on one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in science: the nature of consciousness and the human mind. Rather than examining the brain and nervous system to see what they tell us about the mind, this book begins with an examination of conscious experience to see what it can tell us about the brain. Through this analysis, the first and most obvious observation (...)
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  7. Gaetano Kanizsa (1994). Gestalt Theory has Been Misinterpreted, but has Had Some Real Conceptual Difficulties. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):149-162.score: 24.0
    In the present article, the role of Gestalt concepts in clarifying the issues of perception is evaluated. Grounded in anti-atomism, Gestalt assumed organizing forces intrinsic to perception. Insofar these were identified with singularity preference, Gestalt is criticized for having failed to distinguish between perception and thought.
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  8. Frederick V. Smith (1941). An Interpretation of the Theory of Gestalt. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 19 (December):193-215.score: 24.0
    In seeking an interpretation of the theory of Gestalt, the analysis revealed that the concept of Gestalt applies to processes and particularly to the way in which events or processes take place. The essential condition for the emergence of Gestalten or configurational properties was found to be—the ability of the parts or factors in the process to influence each other. In considering first, the more dynamic or formative phase of processes, the significant factors which influence the reciprocity of (...)
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  9. M. C. Dillon (1971). Gestalt Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Intentionality. Man and World 4 (4):436-459.score: 24.0
    The intent of the article is to define merleau-ponty's place in the phenomenological tradition and, at the same time, to defend his standpoint, especially on those issues where his thought represents a departure from the tradition. although merleau-ponty espouses a form of the husserlian doctrine of the intentionality of consciousness, his understanding of intentionality differs in several fundamental respects from husserl's. the article attempts to show specifically where merleau-ponty's gestalt- theoretical orientation leads him to modify such basic aspects of (...)
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  10. Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.score: 24.0
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the mind-body relation (...)
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  11. Cees van Leeuwen & John Stins (1994). Perceivable Information Or: The Happy Marriage Between Ecological Psychology and Gestalt. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):267-285.score: 24.0
    The ecological realist concept of information as environmental specification is discussed. It is argued that affordances in ecological realism could, in principle, rest on a notion of partial specification of environmental circumstances. For this aim, a notion of Gestalt quality as a hierarchical structure of affordances would have to be adopted. It is claimed that such an account could provide a promising way to deal with problems of intentionality in perception and action, awareness and problem solving.
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  12. Alf C. Zimmer & Hermann Korndle (1994). A Gestalt Theoretic Account for the Coordination of Perception and Action in Motor Learning. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):249-265.score: 24.0
    A review of the scanty Gestaltist literature on motor behaviour indicates that a genuine Gestalt theoretic approach to motor behaviour can be characterized by three research questions: (1) What are the natural units of motor behaviour? (2) What characterizes the self-organization in motor behaviour? (3) What are the conditions for invariance in motor behaviour? Tentative answers to these questions can be found by analysing the parallels between Gestalt theory and Bernstein's theory of motor actions and by showing that (...)
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  13. Carlo Ierna (2009). Husserl et Stumpf sur la Gestalt et la fusion. Philosophiques 36 (2):489-510.score: 24.0
    In the second edition of the Logische Untersuchungen Husserl claims to have investigated higher order objects and Gestalt qualities before anyone else in the School of Brentano. Indeed, in the Philosophie der Arithmetik we find a discussion of figural moments and fusion that could lend some support to such a claim. By considering the concepts of Gestalt and Verschmelzung in their relevant historical context, the latter especially in connection to Stumpf, we find that Husserl indeed gave a quite (...)
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  14. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2013). Gestalt, Equivalency, and Functional Dependency. Kurt Grelling’s Formal Ontology. In Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer. 245--261.score: 24.0
    In his ontological works Kurt Grelling tries to give a rigorous analysis of the foundations of the so-called Gestalt-psychology. Gestalten are peculiar emergent qualities, ontologically dependent on their foundations, but nonetheless non reducible to them. Grelling shows that this concept, as used in psychology and ontology, is often ambiguous. He distinguishes two important meanings in which the word “Gestalt” is used: Gestalten as structural aspects available to transposition and Gestalten as causally self-regulating wholes. Gestalten in the first meaning (...)
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  15. Barry Smith (ed.) (1988). Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia.score: 24.0
    In 1890 Christian von Ehrenfels published his classic paper "Über 'Gestaltqualitäten'", the first systematic investigation of the philosophy and psychology of Gestalt. Ehrenfels thereby issued an important challenge to the psychological atomism that was still predominant in his day. His paper not only exerted a powerful influence on the philosophy of the Meinong school, it also marked the beginning of the Gestalt tradition in psychology, later associated with the work of Wertheimer, Köhler and Koffka in Berlin. Includes papers (...)
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  16. Philip Brownell (2004). Perceiving You Perceiving Me: Self-Conscious Emotions and Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt! 8 (1).score: 24.0
  17. David W. Hamlyn (1957). The Psychology Of Perception: A Philosophical Examination Of Gestalt Theory And Derivative Theories Of Perception. The Humanities Press.score: 21.0
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  18. Nicholas Rescher & Paul Oppenheim (1955). Logical Analysis of Gestalt Concepts. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (August):89-106.score: 21.0
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  19. Moreland Perkins (1953). Intersubjectivity and Gestalt Psychology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (June):437-451.score: 21.0
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  20. D. H. J. Warner (1964). Resemblance and Gestalt Psychology. Analysis 24 (June):196-200.score: 21.0
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  21. Carmelo Calì (2013). Gestalt Models for Data Decomposition and Functional Architecture in Visual Neuroscience. Gestalt Theory 35 (227-264).score: 21.0
    Attempts to introduce Gestalt theory into the realm of visual neuroscience are discussed on both theoretical and experimental grounds. To define the framework in which these proposals can be defended, this paper outlines the characteristics of a standard model, which qualifies as a received view in the visual neurosciences, and of the research into natural images statistics. The objections to the standard model and the main questions of the natural images research are presented. On these grounds, this paper defends (...)
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  22. Reinhardt S. Grossman (1977). Structures Versus Sets: The Philosophical Background of Gestalt Psychology. Critica 9 (December):3-21.score: 21.0
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  23. Nicholas Rescher (1953). Mr Madden on Gestalt Theory. Philosophy of Science 20 (October):327-328.score: 21.0
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  24. Peter Philippson (2009). The Emergent Self: An Existential-Gestalt Approach. Karnac.score: 21.0
    This book tracks a particular understanding of self, philosophically, from research evidence and its implications for psychotherapy.
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  25. Eva Ruhnau (1995). Time Gestalt and the Observer. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Conscious Experience. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh. 165--184.score: 21.0
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  26. H. L. Hollingworth (1938). Verbal Gestalt Experiments with Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (1):90.score: 21.0
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  27. Leigh Minturn (1954). A Test for Sign-Gestalt Expectancies Under Conditions of Negative Motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):98.score: 21.0
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  28. K. W. Spence & R. Lippitt (1946). An Experimental Test of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Trial and Error Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (6):491.score: 21.0
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  29. Russell A. Bell & William Bevan (1968). Influence of Anchors Upon the Operation of Certain Gestalt Organizing Principles. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):670.score: 21.0
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  30. G. D. Higginson (1926). Apparent Visual Movement and the Gestalt. I. Nine Observations Which Stand Against Wertheimer's Cortical Theory. II. The Effect Upon Visual Movement of Colored Stimulus Objects. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (3):228.score: 21.0
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  31. J. G. Jenkins (1933). Dr. Metzger on "Gestalt Und Kontrast.". Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (1):175-176.score: 21.0
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  32. Robert W. Leeper (1948). The Experiments by Spence and Lippitt and by Kendler on the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):102.score: 21.0
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  33. [deleted]Johannes Rennig, Merim Bilalić, Elisabeth Huberle, Hans-Otto Karnath & Marc Himmelbach (2013). The Temporo-Parietal Junction Contributes to Global Gestalt Perception—Evidence From Studies in Chess Experts. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
  34. Kenneth W. Spence & Howard H. Kendler (1948). The Speculations of Leeper with Respect to the Iowa Tests of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):106-109.score: 21.0
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  35. Marek Timko (2013). Biophilic Transformation of Culture From the Point of View of Psychology of Environmental Problems (From Cognitive Psychology to Gestalt Theory). Human Affairs 23 (4):528-541.score: 21.0
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  36. Petar Bojanic (2003). The Enemy, His Gestalt of Animal (Schmitt's and Hegel's Animal Functions). Filozofija I Društvo 22:213-230.score: 21.0
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  37. Risieri Frondizi (1976). The Self as a Dynamic Gestalt. Personalist 57:55-63.score: 21.0
     
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  38. Ash Gobar (1968). Philosophic Foundations Of Genetic Psychology And Gestalt Psychology. Martinus Nilboff.score: 21.0
     
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  39. Szekely Lajos (1959). The Problem of Experience in the Gestalt Psychology. Theoria 25:179-186.score: 21.0
     
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  40. Thomas H. Leahey (2003). Gestalt Psychology. In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.score: 21.0
     
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  41. F. I. G. Rawlins (1953). Aesthetics and the Gestalt. [Edinburgh]Nelson.score: 21.0
     
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  42. Fredrik Sundqvist (2003). Perceptual Dynamics: Theoretical Foundations and Philosophical Implications of Gestalt Psychology (Acta Philosophica Gothoburgensia 16). Göteborg: Acta Philosophica Gothoburgensia.score: 21.0
     
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  43. William D. Woody (1999). William James and Gestalt Psychology. Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (1):79-92.score: 21.0
     
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  44. Walter H. Ehrenstein, Lothar Spillmann & Viktor Sarris (2003). Gestalt Issues in Modern Neuroscience. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):433-458.score: 18.0
    We present select examples of how visual phenomena can serve as tools to uncoverbrain mechanisms. Specifically, receptive field organization is proposed as a Gestalt-like neural mechanism of perceptual organization. Appropriate phenomena, such as brightness and orientation contrast, subjective contours, filling-in, and aperture-viewed motion, allow for a quantitative comparison between receptive fields and their psychophysical counterparts, perceptive fields. Phenomenology might thus be extended from the study of perceptual qualities to their transphenomenal substrates, including memory functions. In conclusion, classic issues of (...)
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  45. Steven Lehar, Computational Implications of Gestalt Theory: The Role of Feedback in Visual Processing.score: 18.0
    Neurophysiological investigations of the visual system by way of single-cell recordings have revealed a hierarchical architecture in which lower level areas, such as the primary visual cortex, contain cells that respond to simple features, while higher level areas contain cells that respond to higher order features apparently composed of combinations of lower level features. This architecture seems to suggest a feed-forward processing strategy in which visual information progresses from lower to higher visual areas. However there is other evidence, both neurophysiological (...)
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  46. Anton Amann (1993). The Gestalt Problem in Quantum Theory: Generation of Molecular Shape by the Environment. [REVIEW] Synthese 97 (1):125 - 156.score: 18.0
    Quantum systems have a holistic structure, which implies that they cannot be divided into parts. In order tocreate (sub)objects like individual substances, molecules, nuclei, etc., in a universal whole, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations between all the subentities, e.g. all the molecules in a substance, must be suppressed by perceptual and mental processes.Here the particular problems ofGestalt (shape)perception are compared with the attempts toattribute a shape to a quantum mechanical system like a molecule. Gestalt perception and quantum mechanics turn out (on (...)
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  47. Steven Lehar (1998). Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of the Subjective Perceptual Experience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):763-764.score: 18.0
    The Gestalt principle of isomorphism reveals the primacy of subjective experience as a valid source of evidence for the information encoded neurophysiologically. This theory invalidates the abstractionist view that the neurophysiological representation can be of lower dimensionality than the percept to which it gives rise.
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  48. Max Wertheimer (1944). Gestalt Theory. In Willis D. Ellis (ed.), Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. Harcourt, Brace and Co.score: 18.0
  49. Eugene H. Hunt & Ronald K. Bullis (1991). Applying the Principles of Gestalt Theory to Teaching Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):341 - 347.score: 18.0
    Teaching ethics poses a dilemma for professors of business. First, they have little or no formal training in ethics. Second, they have established ethical values that they may not want to impose upon their students. What is needed is a well-recognized, yet non-sectarian model to facilitate the clarification of ethical questions. Gestalt theory offers such a framework. Four Gestalt principles facilitate ethical clarification and another four Gestalt principles anesthetize ethical clarification. This article examines each principle, illustrates that (...)
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  50. Kevin Mulligan, Gestalt.score: 18.0
    The distinctive claim of the Gestalt psychologists (of Prague, Graz, Berlin, Leipzig, and Vienna) is that we are typically aware of wholes which have “Gestalt qualities”, such as being a melody, and that these qualities could not be properties of mere sums, for example of sums of tones. A common, stronger claim is that the wholes we are aware of are themselves “Gestalten”, the parts of which are inseparable from each other and from the wholes they belong to. (...)
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