Search results for 'Gestalt theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Barry Smith (1988). Gestalt Theory: An Essay in Philosophy. In Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia 11-81.
    The Austrian philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels published his essay "On 'Gestalt Qualities'" in 1890. The essay initiated a current of thought which enjoyed a powerful position in the philosophy and psychology of the first half of this century and has more recently enjoyed a minor resurgence of interest in the area of cognitive science, above all in criticisms of the so-called 'strong programme' in artificial intelligence. The theory of Gestalt is of course associated most specifically with psychologists (...)
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  2. Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1988). Mach and Ehrenfels: The Foundations of Gestalt Theory. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. 1988 124.
    Ernst Mach's atomistic theory of sensation faces problems in doing justice to our ability to perceive and remember complex phenomena such as melodies and shapes. Christian von Ehrenfels attempted to solve these problems with his theory of "Gestalt qualities", which he sees as entities depending one-sidedly on the corresponding simple objects of sensation. We explore the theory of dependence relations advanced by Ehrenfels and show how it relates to the views on the objects of perception advanced (...)
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    K. W. Spence & R. Lippitt (1946). An Experimental Test of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Trial and Error Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (6):491.
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  4.  1
    Kenneth W. Spence & Howard H. Kendler (1948). The Speculations of Leeper with Respect to the Iowa Tests of the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):106-109.
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    Robert W. Leeper (1948). The Experiments by Spence and Lippitt and by Kendler on the Sign-Gestalt Theory of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):102.
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  6.  21
    Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the (...)
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  7.  50
    Eugene H. Hunt & Ronald K. Bullis (1991). Applying the Principles of Gestalt Theory to Teaching Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):341 - 347.
    Teaching ethics poses a dilemma for professors of business. First, they have little or no formal training in ethics. Second, they have established ethical values that they may not want to impose upon their students. What is needed is a well-recognized, yet non-sectarian model to facilitate the clarification of ethical questions. Gestalt theory offers such a framework. Four Gestalt principles facilitate ethical clarification and another four Gestalt principles anesthetize ethical clarification. This article examines each principle, illustrates (...)
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  8.  74
    Steven Lehar, Computational Implications of Gestalt Theory: The Role of Feedback in Visual Processing.
    Neurophysiological investigations of the visual system by way of single-cell recordings have revealed a hierarchical architecture in which lower level areas, such as the primary visual cortex, contain cells that respond to simple features, while higher level areas contain cells that respond to higher order features apparently composed of combinations of lower level features. This architecture seems to suggest a feed-forward processing strategy in which visual information progresses from lower to higher visual areas. However there is other evidence, both neurophysiological (...)
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  9.  50
    M. C. Dillon (1971). Gestalt Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Intentionality. Man and World 4 (4):436-459.
    The intent of the article is to define merleau-ponty's place in the phenomenological tradition and, at the same time, to defend his standpoint, especially on those issues where his thought represents a departure from the tradition. although merleau-ponty espouses a form of the husserlian doctrine of the intentionality of consciousness, his understanding of intentionality differs in several fundamental respects from husserl's. the article attempts to show specifically where merleau-ponty's gestalt- theoretical orientation leads him to modify such basic aspects of (...)
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  10. Barry Smith (ed.) (1988). Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia.
    In 1890 Christian von Ehrenfels published his classic paper "Über 'Gestaltqualitäten'", the first systematic investigation of the philosophy and psychology of Gestalt. Ehrenfels thereby issued an important challenge to the psychological atomism that was still predominant in his day. His paper not only exerted a powerful influence on the philosophy of the Meinong school, it also marked the beginning of the Gestalt tradition in psychology, later associated with the work of Wertheimer, Köhler and Koffka in Berlin. Includes papers (...)
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  11.  54
    Gaetano Kanizsa (1994). Gestalt Theory has Been Misinterpreted, but has Had Some Real Conceptual Difficulties. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):149-162.
    In the present article, the role of Gestalt concepts in clarifying the issues of perception is evaluated. Grounded in anti-atomism, Gestalt assumed organizing forces intrinsic to perception. Insofar these were identified with singularity preference, Gestalt is criticized for having failed to distinguish between perception and thought.
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  12.  2
    G. D. Higginson (1926). Apparent Visual Movement and the Gestalt. I. Nine Observations Which Stand Against Wertheimer's Cortical Theory. II. The Effect Upon Visual Movement of Colored Stimulus Objects. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (3):228.
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  13. David W. Hamlyn (1957). The Psychology Of Perception: A Philosophical Examination Of Gestalt Theory And Derivative Theories Of Perception. The Humanities Press.
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  14.  19
    Nicholas Rescher (1953). Mr Madden on Gestalt Theory. Philosophy of Science 20 (October):327-328.
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  15. Johnjoe McFadden (2013). The CEMI Field Theory Gestalt Information and the Meaning of Meaning. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):3-4.
    In earlier papers I described the conscious electromagnetic information (CEMI) field theory, which claimed that the substrate of consciousness is the brain’s electromagnetic (EM) field. I here further explore this theory by examining the properties and dynamics of the information underlying meaning in consciousness. I argue that meaning suffers from a binding problem, analogous to the binding problem described for visual perception, and describe how the gestalt (holistic) properties of meaning give rise to this binding problem. To (...)
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  16.  40
    Frederick V. Smith (1941). An Interpretation of the Theory of Gestalt. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 19 (December):193-215.
    In seeking an interpretation of the theory of Gestalt, the analysis revealed that the concept of Gestalt applies to processes and particularly to the way in which events or processes take place. The essential condition for the emergence of Gestalten or configurational properties was found to be—the ability of the parts or factors in the process to influence each other. In considering first, the more dynamic or formative phase of processes, the significant factors which influence the reciprocity (...)
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  17. Max Wertheimer (1938). Gestalt Theory,[Über Gestalttheorie], an Address Before the Kant Society, Berlin, 7th December 1924'. In Willis D. Ellis (ed.), Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. Harcourt, Brace and Co
     
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  18. Kurt Koffka (1922). Perception: An Introduction to the Gestalt Theory. Psychological Bulletin 19:531-585.
  19. Bruno Petermann (1933). The Gestalt Theory and the Problem of Configuration. Mind 42 (167):382-388.
    First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
     
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  20.  13
    John F. A. Taylor (1958). The Psychology of Perception: A Philosophical Examination of Gestalt Theory and Derivative Theories of Perception. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 55 (2):77-81.
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  21.  46
    Max Wertheimer (1944). Gestalt Theory. In Willis D. Ellis (ed.), Social Research. Harcourt, Brace and Co
  22.  42
    Edward H. Madden (1953). Science, Philosophy, and Gestalt Theory. Philosophy of Science 20 (4):329-331.
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    Edward H. Madden (1952). The Philosophy of Science in Gestalt Theory. Philosophy of Science 19 (3):228-238.
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    Abraham S. Luchins & Edith H. Luchins (1993). Gestalt Theory, Formal Models and Mathematical Modeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  25. Robert W. Weisberg & Joseph W. Alba (1982). Problem Solving is Not Like Perception: More on Gestalt Theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 111 (3):326-330.
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  26. Rudolf Arnheim (1949). The Gestalt Theory of Expression. Psychological Review 56 (3):156-171.
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  27. Robert Innis (1992). Tacit Knowing, Gestalt Theory, and the Model of Perceptual Consciousness. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 27.
     
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  28. Anna Michalska (2015). Gestalt and Science. Kuhn’s Model of Scientific Change in the Light of Gestalt Theory. Dialogue and Universalism 4 (4):131-144.
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  29. Adrian Mirvish (2001). Department of Philosophy California State University Chico. California Sartre on Constitution: Gestalt Theory, Instrumentality. Existentia 11:407.
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  30. Adrian Mirvish (2001). Sartre on Constitution: Gestalt Theory, Instrumentality and Overcoming of Dualism. Existentia 11 (3-4):407-425.
     
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  31. David J. Murray (2006). D. Brett King; Michael Wertheimer.Max Wertheimer and Gestalt Theory. Viii + 438 Pp., Illus., Apps., Index. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2005. $49.95. [REVIEW] Isis 97 (3):573-574.
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  32. David Murray (2006). Max Wertheimer and Gestalt Theory. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 97:573-574.
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  33. James Olds (1954). A Neural Model for Sign-Gestalt Theory. Psychological Review 61 (1):59-72.
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  34. Bruno Petermann & Meyer Fortes (1933). The Gestalt Theory. Philosophy 8 (30):241-241.
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  35. W. J. H. Sprott (1933). PETERMANN, B. - The Gestalt Theory and the Problem of Configuration. [REVIEW] Mind 42:382.
     
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  36. Robert W. Weisberg & Joseph W. Alba (1981). Gestalt Theory, Insight, and Past Experience: Reply to Dominowski. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 110 (2):199-203.
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  37. Anton Amann (1993). The Gestalt Problem in Quantum Theory: Generation of Molecular Shape by the Environment. [REVIEW] Synthese 97 (1):125 - 156.
    Quantum systems have a holistic structure, which implies that they cannot be divided into parts. In order tocreate (sub)objects like individual substances, molecules, nuclei, etc., in a universal whole, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations between all the subentities, e.g. all the molecules in a substance, must be suppressed by perceptual and mental processes.Here the particular problems ofGestalt (shape)perception are compared with the attempts toattribute a shape to a quantum mechanical system like a molecule. Gestalt perception and quantum mechanics turn out (on (...)
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  38. Hellmuth Metz-Göckel (2015). Gestalt Theory. Dialogue and Universalism 25 (4):21-36.
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  39. Przemysław Parszutowicz (2015). The Influence of Gestalt Theory on Ernst Cassirer’s Phenomenology of Symbolic Forms. Dialogue and Universalism 25 (4):87-99.
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  40.  2
    Frederick V. Smith (1941). An Interpretation of the Theory of Gestalt. Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 19 (3):193-215.
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  41. T. F. Cloonan (2006). Verstegen, I.(2005). Arnheim, Gestalt and Art: A Psychological Theory. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 37 (2):272.
     
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  42. Jorge J. E. Gracia (1976). Frondizi's Theory of the Self as a Dynamic Gestalt. [REVIEW] Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (1):64.
     
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  43. Oliver L. Reiser (1938). Gestalt Psychology and the Organismic Theory. Journal of Social Philosophy 4:260.
     
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  44. William R. Woodward (1978). From Association to Gestalt: The Fate of Hermann Lotze's Theory of Spatial Perception, 1846-1920. Isis 69 (4):572-582.
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  45. A. I. Miller (1975). Albert Einstein and Max Wertheimer: A Gestalt Psychologist's View of the Genesis of Special Relativity Theory. History of Science 13 (2):75-103.
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  46.  70
    Carmelo Calì (2013). Gestalt Models for Data Decomposition and Functional Architecture in Visual Neuroscience. Gestalt Theory 35 (227-264).
    Attempts to introduce Gestalt theory into the realm of visual neuroscience are discussed on both theoretical and experimental grounds. To define the framework in which these proposals can be defended, this paper outlines the characteristics of a standard model, which qualifies as a received view in the visual neurosciences, and of the research into natural images statistics. The objections to the standard model and the main questions of the natural images research are presented. On these grounds, this paper (...)
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    William A. Phillips & Steven M. Silverstein (2003). Convergence of Biological and Psychological Perspectives on Cognitive Coordination in Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):65-82.
    The concept of locally specialized functions dominates research on higher brain function and its disorders. Locally specialized functions must be complemented by processes that coordinate those functions, however, and impairment of coordinating processes may be central to some psychotic conditions. Evidence for processes that coordinate activity is provided by neurobiological and psychological studies of contextual disambiguation and dynamic grouping. Mechanisms by which this important class of cognitive functions could be achieved include those long-range connections within and between cortical regions that (...)
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  48.  28
    Barry Smith (1986). Ontologische Aspekte der Husserlschen Phänomenologie. Husserl Studies 3 (2):115-130.
    A study of the background of Husserl’s early thinking in the perceptual psychology of Carl Stumpf and of the implications of Stumpfian ideas for an understanding of Husserl’s phenomenology. Other topics treated include the ontology of part, whole and dependence; gestalt theory; and Husserl’s notion of the synthetic a priori.
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  49.  9
    Birgitta Dresp (1993). The Kanizsa Square Does Not Engender a Configural Superiority Effect. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (3):183-184.
    This article presents psychophysical evidence that the Kanizsa Square does not produce an 'object superiority effect' previously reported in similar Gestalt configurations. Implications of the findings for Gestalt theory are addressed.
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    Barry Smith (1986). The Theory of Value of Christian von Ehrenfels. In R. Fabian (ed.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Leben und Werk. Rodopi 150.
    Christian von Ehrenfels was a student of both Franz Brentano and Carl Menger and his thinking on value theory was inspired both by Brentano’s descriptive psychology and by the subjective theory of economic value advanced by Menger, the founder of the Austrian school of economics. Value, for Ehrenfels, is a function of desire, and we ascribe value to those things which we either do in fact desire, or would desire if we were not convinced of their existence. He (...)
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