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Gilbert Harman [230]Gilbert H. Harman [17]
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Profile: Gilbert Harman (Princeton University)
  1. Gilbert Harman (1973). Thought. Princeton University Press.
  2. Gilbert Harman (1999). Moral Philosophy Meets Social Psychology: Virtue Ethics and the Fundamental Attribution Error. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (1999):315-331.
    Ordinary moral thought often commits what social psychologists call 'the fundamental attribution error '. This is the error of ignoring situational factors and overconfidently assuming that distinctive behaviour or patterns of behaviour are due to an agent's distinctive character traits. In fact, there is no evidence that people have character traits in the relevant sense. Since attribution of character traits leads to much evil, we should try to educate ourselves and others to stop doing it.
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  3. Gilbert Harman (1986). Change in View. MIT Press.
    Change in View offers an entirely original approach to the philosophical study of reasoning by identifying principles of reasoning with principles for revising one's beliefs and intentions and not with principles of logic. This crucial observation leads to a number of important and interesting consequences that impinge on psychology and artificial intelligence as well as on various branches of philosophy, from epistemology to ethics and action theory. Gilbert Harman is Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University. A Bradford Book.
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  4. Gilbert Harman (1990). The Intrinsic Quality of Experience. Philosophical Perspectives 4:31-52.
  5. Gilbert Harman (1977). The Nature of Morality: An Introduction to Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Contains an overall account of morality in its philosophical format particularly with regard to problems of observation, evidence, and truth.
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  6. Gilbert H. Harman (1965). The Inference to the Best Explanation. Philosophical Review 74 (1):88-95.
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  7. Gilbert Harman & Judith Jarvis Thomson (1996). Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity. Philosophy 71 (278):622-624.
     
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  8. Gilbert Harman (2000). The Nonexistence of Character Traits. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):223–226.
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  9.  69
    Gilbert Harman (2000). Explaining Value and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Explaining Value is a selection of the best of Gilbert Harman's shorter writings in moral philosophy. The thirteen essays are divided into four sections, which focus in turn on moral relativism, values and valuing, character traits and virtue ethics, and ways of explaining aspects of morality. Harman's distinctive approach to moral philosophy has provoked much interest; this volume offers a fascinating conspectus of his most important work in the area.
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  10. Mark Greenberg & Gilbert Harman (2007). Conceptual Role Semantics. In Ernest LePore & Barry Smith (eds.), Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic. Oxford University Press 242-256.
    CRS says that the meanings of expressions of a language or other symbol system or the contents of mental states are determined and explained by the way symbols are used in thinking. According to CRS one.
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  11.  65
    Gilbert Harman (1999). Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind. Oxford University Press.
    In this important new collection, Gilbert Harman presents a selection of fifteen interconnected essays on fundamental issues at the center of analytic philosophy. The book opens with a group of four essays discussing basic principles of reasoning and rationality. The next three essays argue against the once popular idea that certain claims are true and knowable by virtue of meaning. In the third group of essays Harman presents his own view of meaning and the possibility of thinking in language The (...)
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  12. Gilbert Harman (1996). Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity. Blackwell.
    Do moral questions have objective answers? In this great debate, Gilbert Harman explains and argues for relativism, emotivism, and moral scepticism.
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  13.  71
    Gilbert Harman (2003). No Character or Personality. Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (1):87-94.
    Solomon argues that, although recent research in social psychology has important implications for business ethics, it doesnot undermine an approach that stresses virtue ethics. However, he underestimates the empirical threat to virtue ethics, and his a prioriclaim that empirical research cannot overturn our ordinary moral psychology is overstated. His appeal to seemingly obvious differencesin character traits between people simply illustrates the fundamental attribution error. His suggestion that the Milgram and Darley andBatson experiments have to do with such character traits as (...)
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  14.  23
    George A. Miller & Gilbert Harman (eds.) (1993). Conceptions of the Human Mind: Essays in Honor of George A. Miller. L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This volume is a direct result of a conference held at Princeton University to honor George A. Miller, an extraordinary psychologist. A distinguished panel of speakers from various disciplines -- psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and artificial intelligence -- were challenged to respond to Dr. Miller's query: "What has happened to cognition? In other words, what has the past 30 years contributed to our understanding of the mind? Do we really know anything that wasn't already clear to William James?" Each participant tried (...)
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  15.  4
    Gilbert Harman & Sanjeev Kulkarni (2007). Reliable Reasoning: Induction and Statistical Learning Theory. A Bradford Book.
    In _Reliable Reasoning_, Gilbert Harman and Sanjeev Kulkarni -- a philosopher and an engineer -- argue that philosophy and cognitive science can benefit from statistical learning theory, the theory that lies behind recent advances in machine learning. The philosophical problem of induction, for example, is in part about the reliability of inductive reasoning, where the reliability of a method is measured by its statistically expected percentage of errors -- a central topic in SLT. After discussing philosophical attempts to evade the (...)
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  16. Gilbert Harman (1975). Moral Relativism Defended. Philosophical Review 84 (1):3-22.
    Gilbert harman has recently proposed a version of moral relativism which is markedly clearer than any earlier statement of that position. Besides consistency and clarity, Harman claims for his thesis a number of positive virtues. The thesis, He argues, "helps explain otherwise puzzling aspects of our moral views"; it accounts for "a previously unnoticed distinction between inner and non-Inner judgments"' and it allows us to meet traditional objections to related theories. In this paper, I argue that none of these alleged (...)
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  17.  25
    Maria Merritt, John Doris & Gilbert Harman (2010). Character. In John Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press
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  18. Gilbert Harman (2009). Skepticism About Character Traits. Journal of Ethics 13 (2/3):235 - 242.
    The first part of this article discusses recent skepticism about character traits. The second describes various forms of virtue ethics as reactions to such skepticism. The philosopher J.-P. Sartre argued in the 1940s that character traits are pretenses, a view that the sociologist E. Goffman elaborated in the 1950s. Since then social psychologists have shown that attributions of character traits tend to be inaccurate through the ignoring of situational factors. (Personality psychology has tended to concentrate on people's conceptions of personality (...)
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  19.  84
    Gilbert Harman & Brett Sherman (2004). Knowledge, Assumptions, Lotteries. Philosophical Issues 14 (1):492–500.
    John Hawthorne’s marvelous book contains a wealth of arguments and insights based on an impressive knowledge and understanding of contemporary discussion. We can address only a small aspect of the topic. In particular, we will offer our own answers to two questions about knowledge that he discusses.
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  20.  26
    Gilbert Harman (1980). Reasoning and Explanatory Coherence. American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (2):151 - 157.
  21. Gilbert Harman (1986). Moral Explanations of Natural Facts-Can Moral Claims Be Tested Against Moral Reality? Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (S1):57-68.
  22. Gilbert Harman (1982). Conceptual Role Semantics. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 28 (April):242-56.
  23. Gilbert Harman (1997). Practical Reasoning. In Alfred R. Mele (ed.), Review of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press 431--63.
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  24. Gilbert Harman, Moral Relativism.
    According to moral relativism, there is not a single true morality. There are a variety of possible moralities or moral frames of reference, and whether something is morally right or wrong, good or bad, just or unjust, etc. is a relative matter—relative to one or another morality or moral frame of reference. Something can be morally right relative to one moral frame of reference and morally wrong relative to another. It is useful to compare moral relativism to other relativisms. One (...)
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  25.  12
    Gilbert Harman (1978). Studying the Chimpanzee's Theory of Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):576.
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  26. Gilbert Harman (1987). (Nonsolipsistic) Conceptual Role Semantics. In Ernest LePore (ed.), Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic. Academic Press 242-256.
  27. Gilbert H. Harman (1968). Enumerative Induction as Inference to the Best Explanation. Journal of Philosophy 65 (18):529-533.
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  28. Gilbert Harman (2009). Field on the Normative Role of Logic. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt3):333 - 335.
    I begin by summarizing the first two chapters of (Harman 1986). The first chapter stresses the importance of not confusing inference with implication and of not confusing reasoning with the sort of argument studied in deductive logic. Inference and reasoning are psychological events or processes that can be done more or less well. The sort of implication and argument studied in deductive logic have to do with relations among propositions and with structures of propositions distinguished into premises, intermediate steps, and (...)
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  29. Gilbert Harman & Sanjeev R. Kulkarni (2006). The Problem of Induction. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):559-575.
    The problem of induction is sometimes motivated via a comparison between rules of induction and rules of deduction. Valid deductive rules are necessarily truth preserving, while inductive rules are not.
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  30. Brett Sherman & Gilbert Harman (2011). Knowledge and Assumptions. Philosophical Studies 156 (1):131--140.
    Knowledge and assumptions Content Type Journal Article Pages 131-140 DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9797-z Authors Brett Sherman, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA Gilbert Harman, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA Journal Philosophical Studies Online ISSN 1573-0883 Print ISSN 0031-8116 Journal Volume Volume 156 Journal Issue Volume 156, Number 1.
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  31. Donald Davidson & Gilbert Harman (1970/1977). Semantics of Natural Language. Synthese 22 (1-2):1-2.
  32.  74
    Gilbert Harman (2003). Three Trends in Moral and Political Philosophy. Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (3):415-425.
  33. Gilbert Harman (1998). Review: Précis of Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity: Precis of Part One. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):161 - 169.
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  34. Gilbert Harman (1982). Metaphysical Realism and Moral Relativism: Reflections on Hilary Putnam's Reason, Truth and History. Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):568-575.
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  35. Gilbert Harman (2015). Moral Relativism is Moral Realism. Philosophical Studies 172 (4):855-863.
    I begin by describing my relation with Nicholas Sturgeon and his objections to things I have said about moral explanations. Then I turn to issues about moral relativism. One of these is whether a plausible version of moral relativism can be formulated as a claim about the logical form of certain moral judgments. I agree that is not a good way to think of moral relativism. Instead, I think of moral relativism as a version of moral realism. I compare moral (...)
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  36. William P. Alston, Roderick M. Chisholm, Donald Davidson, Gilbert Harman, Richard Rorty & John R. Searle (1997). Realism/Antirealism and Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This landmark collection of essays by six renowned philosophers explores the implications of the contentious realism/antirealism debate for epistemology. The essays examine issues such as whether epistemology needs to be realist, the bearing of a realist conception of truth on epistemology, and realism and antirealism in terms of a pragmatist conception of epistemic justification. Richard Rorty's essay provides a critical commentary on the other five.
     
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  37.  14
    Gilbert H. Harman (1974). Meaning. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 71 (7):224-229.
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  38. Gilbert Harman (1996). Qualia and Color Concepts. Philosophical Issues 7:75-79.
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  39.  53
    Gilbert Harman (1968). Knowledge, Inference, and Explanation. American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (3):164 - 173.
  40. Gilbert Harman (2000). Explaining Value: And Other Essays in Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Explaining Value is a selection of the best of Gilbert Harman's shorter writings in moral philosophy. The thirteen essays are divided into four sections, which focus in turn on moral relativism, values and valuing, character traits and virtue ethics, and ways of explaining aspects of morality. Harman's distinctive approach to moral philosophy has provoked much interest; this volume offers a fascinating conspectus of his most important work in the area.
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  41. Gilbert H. Harman (1967). Toward a Theory of Intrinsic Value. Journal of Philosophy 64 (23):792-804.
    In this paper I examine what I will call "the standard account" of intrinsic value as it appears in recent textbooks written by John Hospers, William Frankena, and Richard B. Brandt. I argue: (a) it is not clear whether a theory of intrinsic value can be developed along the lines of the standard account; (b) if one is to develop such a theory, one will need to introduce a notion of "basic intrinsic value" in addition to the notion of "intrinsic (...)
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  42.  97
    Gilbert Harman (1996). Analyticity Regained? Noûs 30 (3):392-400.
  43. Gilbert Harman (1984). Logic and Reasoning. Synthese 60 (1):107-127.
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  44. Gilbert Harman (1967). Detachment, Probability, and Maximum Likelihood. Noûs 1 (4):401-411.
  45. Gilbert Harman (1970). Sellars' Semantics. Philosophical Review 79 (3):404-419.
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  46.  14
    Gilbert Harman (2003). Skepticism and Foundations. In Luper Steven (ed.), The Skeptics: Contemporary Essays. Ashgate Press 1--11.
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  47. Gilbert Harman (1995). Rationality. In E. E. Smith & D. N. Osherson (eds.), Invitation to Cognitive Science. MIT Press
     
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  48.  59
    Gilbert Harman (2003). The Future of the A Priori. Journal of Philosophical Research 28 (Supplement):23-34.
    Two conceptions of a priori methods and assumptions can be distinguished. First, there are the assumptions and methods accepted prior to a given inquiry. Second, there are innate assumptions and methods. For each of these two types of a priori methods and assumptions, we can also allow cases in which one starts with something that is a priori and is justified in reaching a new belief or procedure without making any appeal to new experiential data. But we should not suppose (...)
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  49.  13
    Gilbert Harman (1972). Logical Form. Foundations of Language 9 (1):38-65.
    Theories of adverbial modification can be roughly distinguished into two sorts. One kind of theory takes logical form to follow surface grammatical form. Adverbs are treated as unanalyzable logical operators that turn a predicate or sentence into a different predicate or sentence respectively. And new rules of logic are stated for these operators. -/- A different kind of theory does not suppose that logical form must parallel surface grammatical form. It allows that logical form may have more to do with (...)
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  50. Gilbert Harman (1969). Linguistic Competence and Empiricism. In Sidney Hook (ed.), Language and Philosophy. New York University Press
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