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Profile: Gillian Brock (University of Auckland)
  1. Gillian Brock (2014). Fulfilling Obligations to the Poor: How Should We Decide Among Plausible Options? Analysis 74 (1):90-99.
    In Globalization and Global Justice, Nicole Hassoun offers advice on practical ways to fulfill obligations to the poor. Our recommendations must be well informed by empirical evidence, and so important research on poverty that suggests we sometimes focus inadvertently on the wrong objects in our attempted assistance efforts, deserves consideration here. We also need guidelines on how to choose from among plausible policy options on how to help the poor. I offer one and explain why some of Hassoun s policy (...)
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  2. Gillian Brock (2013). Contemporary Cosmopolitanism: Some Current Issues. Philosophy Compass 8 (8):689-698.
    In this article, we survey some current debates among cosmopolitans and their critics. We begin by surveying some distinctions typically drawn among kinds of cosmopolitanisms, before canvassing some of the diverse varieties of cosmopolitan justice, exploring positions on the content of cosmopolitan duties of justice, and a prominent debate between cosmopolitans and defenders of statist accounts of global justice. We then explore some common concerns about cosmopolitanism – such as whether cosmopolitan commitments are necessarily in tension with other affiliations people (...)
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  3. Gillian Brock (ed.) (2013). Cosmopolitanism Versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations. Oup Oxford.
    This volume demonstrates that the debate between cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans has become increasingly sophisticated. It advances the discussion on many of the questions over which cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans continue to disagree.
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  4. Gillian Brock & Nicole Hassoun (2013). Distance, Moral Relevance Of. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  5. Gillian Brock (2012). Distributive Justice. In Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy. Routledge. 444.
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  6. Gillian Brock (2012). The Decent Life, Equality, Global Justice and the Role of the State: A Response to Landesman and Holder. Diametros 31 (31):157-174.
    Cindy Holder and Bruce Landesman pose several interesting challenges for my account of Global Justice. In this article I address their concerns by discussing the content of what we owe one another. When we appreciate all the components of what it is to have a decent life, this will commit us to a much richer picture of what we owe one another than is commonly assumed when talking of decent lives. There is also considerable scope for concern with inequality when (...)
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  7. S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.) (2011). Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction; Part I. Global Health, Definitions and Descriptions: 1. What is global health? Solly Benatar and Ross Upshur; 2. The state of global health in a radically unequal world: patterns and prospects Ron Labonte and Ted Schrecker; 3. Addressing the societal determinants of health: the key global health ethics imperative of our times Anne-Emmanuelle Birn; 4. Gender and global health: inequality and differences Lesley Doyal and Sarah Payne; 5. Heath systems and health Martin McKee; Part (...)
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  8. Gillian Brock (2011). Cosmopolitanism and the Struggle for Global Justice. In Maria Rovisco & Magdalena Nowicka (eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Cosmopolitanism. Ashgate. 179.
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  9. Gillian Brock (2011). Cosmopolitanism Versus Noncosmopolitanism. The Monist 94 (4):455-465.
  10. Gillian Brock (2011). How Does Equality Matter? Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (1):76-87.
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  11. Gillian Brock (2011). The Proper Role of Responsive Democracy, Liberty, and Immigration in Global Justice: Some Clarifications. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 12:76-90.
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  12. Gillian Brock (2010). Review of Stan Van Hooft, Cosmopolitanism: A Philosophy for Global Ethics. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (1).
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  13. Gillian Brock (2010). Seyla Benhabib, Another Cosmopolitanism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (6):391-393.
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  14. Gillian Brock (2010). Being Reasonable in the Face of Pluralism and Other Alleged Problems for Global Justice: A Reply to van Hooft. Ethics and Global Politics 3 (2).
    In his recent review essay, Stan van Hooft raises some interesting potential challenges for cosmopolitan global justice projects, of which my version is one example.1 I am grateful to van Hooft for doing so. I hope by responding to these challenges here, others concerned with developing frameworks for analyzing issues of global justice will also learn something of value. I start by giving a very brief synopsis of key themes of my book, Global Justice,2 so I can address van Hooft’s (...)
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  15. Gillian Brock (2009). Concerns About Global Justice : A Response to Critics. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):269 – 280.
    A review essay of Gillian Brock Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account (Oxford University Press, 2009).
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  16. Gillian Brock (2009). Global Justice. Oxford University Press.
    OUP writes: Gillian Brock develops a viable cosmopolitan model of global justice that takes seriously the equal moral worth of persons, yet leaves scope for defensible forms of nationalism and for other legitimate identifications and affiliations people have. Brock addresses two prominent kinds of skeptic about global justice: those who doubt its feasibility and those who believe that cosmopolitanism interferes illegitimately with the defensible scope of nationalism by undermining goods of national importance, such as authentic democracy or national self-determination. The (...)
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  17. Gillian Brock (2009). Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account. Oup Oxford.
    Gillian Brock develops a model of global justice that takes seriously the moral equality of all human beings notwithstanding their legitimate diverse identifications and affiliations. She addresses concerns about implementing global justice, showing how we can move from theory to feasible public policy that makes progress toward global justice.
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  18. Gillian Brock (2009). Reforming Our Taxation Arrangements to Promote Global Gender Justice. Philosophical Topics 37 (2):141-160.
    In this article I examine how reforming our international tax regime could be an important vehicle for realizing key aspects of global gender justice. Ensuring all,including and especially multinationals, pay their fair share of taxes is crucial to ensuring that all countries, especially developing countries, are able to fund education, job training, infrastructural development, programs which promote gender equity, and so forth, thereby enabling all countries to help themselves better. I discuss various positive proposals for levying global taxes. I review (...)
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  19. Gillian Brock (2008). Taxation and Global Justice: Closing the Gap Between Theory and Practice. Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (2):161–184.
    I examine how reforming our international tax regime could be an important vehicle by which we can begin to realize global justice. For instance, eliminating tax havens, tax evasion, and transfer pricing schemes are all important to ensure accountability and to support democracies. I argue that the proposals concerning taxation reform are likely to be more effective in tackling global poverty than Thomas Pogge's global resources dividend because they target some of the central issues more effectively. I also discuss many (...)
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  20. Gillian Brock (2008). What Do We Owe Others as a Matter of Global Justice and Does National Membership Matter? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):433-448.
    David Miller offers us a sophisticated account of how we can reconcile global obligations and duties to co?nationals. In this article I focus on four weaknesses with his account such as the following two. First, there remains considerable unclarity about the strength of the positive duties we have to non?nationals and how these measure up relative to other positive duties, such as the ones Miller believes we have to co?nationals to implement civil, political, or social rights. Second, just how responsibilities (...)
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  21. Gillian Brock & Quentin D. Atkinson (2008). What Can Examining the Psychology of Nationalism Tell Us About Our Prospects for Aiming at the Cosmopolitan Vision? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (2):165 - 179.
    Opponents of cosmopolitanism often dismiss the position on the grounds that cosmopolitan proposals are completely unrealistic and that they fly in the face of our human nature. We have deep psychological needs that are satisfied by national identification and so all cosmopolitan projects are doomed, or so it is argued. In this essay we examine the psychological grounds claimed to support the importance of nationalism to our wellbeing. We argue that the alleged human needs that nationalism is said to satisfy (...)
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  22. Gillian Brock (2007). Caney's Global Political Theory. Journal of Global Ethics 3 (2):239 – 254.
    In this critical discussion of Simon Caney's global political theory, I focus on two broad areas. In the first area, I consider Caney's suggestions concerning global equality of opportunity and note several problems with how we might develop these ideas. Some of the problems concern aggregation, while others point to difficulties with what equality of opportunity means in a culturally plural world, where different societies might value, construct, and rank goods in different ways. In the second broad area of criticism (...)
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  23. M. S. Ronald Commers, Wim Vandekerckhove, An Verlinden, Asun Lera St Clair, Louis Logister, Edward Spence, Mark Coeckelbergh, Cristian Lupu, Gillian Brock & Margaret Moore (2007). Note on Contributors. Journal of Global Ethics 3 (2).
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  24. Gillian Brock (2006). Humanitarian Intervention: Closing the Gap Between Theory and Practice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):277–291.
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  25. Gillian Brock (2005). Does Obligation Diminish with Distance? Ethics, Place and Environment 8 (1):3 – 20.
    Many people believe in what can be described as a 'concentric circles model of responsibilities to others' in which responsibilities are generally stronger to those physically or affectively closer to us - those who, on this model, occupy circles nearer to us. In particular, it is believed that we have special ties to compatriots and, moreover, that these ties entail stronger obligations than the obligations we have to non-compatriots. While I concede that our strongest obligations may generally be to those (...)
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  26. Gillian Brock (2005). Egalitarianism, Ideals, and Cosmopolitan Justice. Philosophical Forum 36 (1):1–30.
    Cosmopolitans believe that all human beings have equal moral worth and that our responsibilities to others do not stop at borders. Various cosmopolitans offer different interpretations of how we should understand what is entailed by that equal moral worth and what responsibilities we have to each other in taking our equality seriously. Two suggestions are that a cosmopolitan should endorse a 'global difference principle' and a 'principle of global equality of opportunity'. In the first part of this paper I examine (...)
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  27. Gillian Brock (2005). Global Distributive Justice, Entitlement, and Desert. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (sup1):109-138.
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  28. Gillian Brock (2005). Needs and Global Justice. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (57):51-.
    In this paper I argue that needs are tremendously salient in developing any plausible account of global justice. I begin by sketching a normative thought experiment that models ideal deliberating conditions. I argue that under such conditions we would choose principles of justice that ensure we are well positioned to be able to meet our needs. Indeed, as the experiment aims to show, any plausible account of distributive justice must make space for the special significance of our needs. I go (...)
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  29. Gillian Brock (2005). The Difference Principle, Equality of Opportunity, and Cosmopolitan Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):333-351.
    What kinds of principles of justice should a cosmopolitan support? In recent years some have argued that a cosmopolitan should endorse a Global Difference Principle. It has also been suggested that a cosmopolitan should support a Principle of Global Equality of Opportunity. In this paper I examine how compelling these two suggestions are. I argue against a Global Difference Principle, but for an alternative Needs-Based Minimum Floor Principle (where these are not co-extensive, as I explain). Though I support a negative (...)
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  30. Gillian Brock (2005). What Do We Owe Co-Nationals and Non-Nationals? Why the Liberal Nationalist Account Fails and How We Can Do Better. Journal of Global Ethics 1 (2):127 – 151.
    Liberal nationalists have been trying to argue that a suitably sanitized version of nationalism - namely, one that respects and embodies liberal values - is not only morally defensible, but also of great moral value, especially on grounds liberals should find very appealing. Although there are plausible aspects to the idea and some compelling arguments are offered in defense of this position, one area still proves to be a point of considerable vulnerability for this project and that is the issue (...)
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  31. Gillian Brock & Harry Brighouse (eds.) (2005). The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism. Cambridge University Press.
    In a period of rapid internationalization of trade and increased labor mobility, is it relevant for nations to think about their moral obligations to others? Do national boundaries have fundamental moral significance, or do we have moral obligations to foreigners that are equal to our obligations to our compatriots? The latter position is known as cosmopolitanism, and this volume brings together a number of distinguished political philosophers and theorists to explore cosmopolitanism: what it consists in, and the positive case which (...)
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  32. Gillian Brock & Darrel Moellendorf (2005). Introduction. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):1-9.
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  33. Gillian Brock & Darrel Moellendorf (2005). Special Issue: Current Debates in Global Justice. Journal of Ethics 9:589-591.
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  34. Gillian Brock (2004). What Does Cosmopolitan Justice Demand of Us? Theoria 51 (104):169-191.
    In this paper I raise three challenges for Moellendorf's account of cosmopolitan justice. First, I argue that in a reconstructed cosmopolitan original position we would choose a 'needs-based minimum floor principle' rather than a 'global difference principle', if these are not co-extensive. Second, I argue that Moellendorf's version of the 'equality of opportunity principle' is too vulnerable to criticisms of cultural insensitivity, though I also note that there are problems with versions of the ideal that aim for a more general (...)
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  35. Soran Reader & Gillian Brock (2004). Needs, Moral Demands and Moral Theory. Utilitas 16 (3):251-266.
    In this article we argue that the concept of need is as vital for moral theory as it is for moral life. In II we analyse need and its normativity in public and private moral practice. In III we describe simple cases which exemplify the moral demandingness of needs, and argue that the significance of simple cases for moral theory is obscured by the emphasis in moral philosophy on unusual cases. In IV we argue that moral theories are inadequate if (...)
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  36. Alan Apperley, David Archard, Jens Erik Bartelson, Andrea Baumeister, David Boucher, Laura Brace, Gillian Brock, Steve Buckler, Alex Callinicos & Simon Caney (2003). Referees for Volumes 1 and 2 of Contemporary. Contemporary Political Theory 2:267-269.
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  37. Gillian Brock (2002). Are There Any Defensible Indigenous Rights? Contemporary Political Theory 1 (3):285.
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  38. Gillian Brock (2002). Cosmopolitan Democracy and Justice: Held Versus Kymlicka. Studies in East European Thought 54 (4):325-347.
    There has been much interest in cosmopolitan models of democracy in recent times. Arguably, the most developed of these is the model articulated by David Held, so it is not surprising that it has received the most attention and criticism. In this paper, I outline Held's model of cosmopolitan democracy and consider the objections Will Kymlicka raises to this account. I argue that Kymlicka's objections do not undermine Held's central claims and that Held's cosmopolitanism remains a very promising model that (...)
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  39. Gillian Brock (2002). Liberal Nationalism Versus Cosmopolitanism: Locating the Disputes. Public Affairs Quarterly 16 (4):307-327.
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  40. Gillian Brock (2002). Why the Heldian Model of Cosmopolitan Democracy Retains Its Promise Despite Kymlicka's Criticisms. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 9 (2):31-39.
    Recently there has been a resurgence of interest in cosmopolitanism. Cosmopolitans maintain that no national categories of people deserve special weight and that, instead, all people everywhere should be objects of moral concern. Arguably, the most developed of these accounts is the cosmopolitan democracy model articulated by David Held, so it is not surprising that it has received the most attention and criticism. In this paper, I outline Held’s model of cosmopolitan democracy and consider the objections Will Kymlicka raises to (...)
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  41. Gillian Brock & Soran Reader (2002). Needs-Centered Ethical Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (4):425-434.
    Our aims in this paper are: (1) to indicate some of the many ways in which needs are an important part of the moral landscape, (2) to show that the dominant contemporary moral theories cannot adequately capture the moral significance of needs, indeed, that the dominant theories are inadequate to the extent that they cannot accommodate the insights which attention to needs yield, (3) to offer some sketches that should be helpful to future cartographers charting the domain of morally significant (...)
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  42. Gillian Brock (2001). Andrew Kernohan, Liberalism, Equality, and Cultural Oppression:Liberalism, Equality, and Cultural Oppression. Ethics 111 (2):414-419.
  43. Gillian Brock (1999). Just Deserts and Needs. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):165-188.
    In this paper I argue for there being some deep connections between claims of desert and claims of need, despite the fact that these sorts of claims are frequently pitted against one another. I present an argument to show some conceptual links between desert and needs. Principles underlying why people are thought to be deserving entail principles which commit us to caring about others' needs. I also examine whether we can construct some coherent notion of desert and an argument for (...)
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  44. Gillian Brock (1999). Rethinking Feminist Ethics. Social Theory and Practice 25 (3):531-537.
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  45. Gillian Brock (1999). The New Nationalisms. The Monist 82 (3):367-386.
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  46. Gillian Brock (1999). Through the Moral Maze: Searching for Absolute Values in a Pluralistic World. Philosophia 27 (1-2):301-308.
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  47. Gillian Brock (1998). Are Corporations Morally Defensible? Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (4):703-721.
    Are corporations morally defensible sorts of entities? How might we go about showing that they are? Thomas Donaldson offers us the most detailed contractarian justification for the moral defensibility of corporations. In this paper I show how we can significantly develop this sort of justification to yield a more compelling contractarian justification, though one that is importantly conditional. The primary points I take up in this paper are these:1. The question Donaldson poses to generate his contract is not quite as (...)
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  48. Gillian Brock (1998). Future Generations, Natural Resources, and Property Rights. Ethics and the Environment 3 (2):119 - 130.
    In an important recent article, "Contemporary Property Rights, Lockean Provisos, and the Interests of Future Generations, "Clark Wolf argues that sometimes the interests of future generations should take precedence over the claims of current property rights holders. Wolfs arguments concentrate on the genesis and nature of defensible property rights in various natural resources, and on the conditions under which morally unacceptable harm is caused to others. In this paper I explore two central sets of issues. First, I investigate how (...)
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  49. Gillian Brock (1998). Morally Important Needs. Philosophia 26 (1-2):165-178.
    Frankfurt argues that there are two categories of needs that are at least prima facie morally important (relative to other claims). In this paper I examine Frankfurt's suggestion that two categories of needs, namely, nonvolitional and constrained volitional needs, are eligible for (at least prima facie) moral importance. I show both these categories to be defective because they do not necessarily meet Frankfurt's own criteria for what makes a need morally important. I suggest a further category of needs as being (...)
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  50. Gillian Brock (1998). Necessary Goods: Our Responsibilities to Meet Others Needs. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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