Search results for 'Gillian Ramsey' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gillian Ramsey (2007). Austin (M.) The Hellenistic World From Alexander to the Roman Conquest. A Selection of Ancient Sources in Translation. Second Edition. Pp. Xxxiv + 625, Ills, Maps. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006 (First Edition 1981). Paper, £22.99, US$39.99 (Cased, £60, US$110). ISBN: 978-0-521-53561-8 (978-0-521-82860-4 Hbk).Bugh (G.R.) (Ed.) The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World. Pp. Xxx + 371, Fig., Ills, Maps, Pls. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Paper, £17.99, US$29.99 (Cased, £45, US$80). ISBN: 978-0-521-53570-0 (978-0-521-82879-6 Hbk). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 57 (02).score: 240.0
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  2. Frank Plumpton Ramsey & D. H. Mellor (eds.) (1980). Prospects for Pragmatism: Essays in Memory of F. P. Ramsey. Cambridge University Press.score: 150.0
    Haack, S. Is truth flat or bumpy?--Chihara, C. S. Ramsey's theory of types.--Loar, B. Ramsey's theory of belief and truth.--Skorupski, J. Ramsey on Belief.--Hookway, C. Inference, partial belief, and psychological laws.--Skyrms, B. Higher order degrees of belief.--Mellor, D. H. Consciousness and degrees of belief.--Blackburn, S. Opinions and chances.--Grandy, R. E. Ramsey, reliability, and knowledge.--Cohen, L. J. The problem of natural laws.--Giedymin, J. Hamilton's method in geometrical optics and Ramsey's view of theories.
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  3. F. P. Ramsey (1990). F.P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.score: 120.0
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  4. Paul Ramsey (1987). Ramsey and McCormick, Revisited. Hastings Center Report 17 (1):39-39.score: 120.0
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  5. William Ramsey (1994). Distributed Representation and Causal Modularity: A Rejoinder to Forster and Saidel. Philosophical Psychology 7 (4):453-61.score: 60.0
    In “Connectionism and the fats of folk psychology”, Forster and Saidel argue that the central claim of Ramsey, Stich and Garon (1991)—that distributed connectionist models are incompatible with the causal discreteness of folk psychology—is mistaken. To establish their claim, they offer an intriguing model which allegedly shows how distributed representations can function in a causally discrete manner. They also challenge our position regarding projectibility of folk psychology. In this essay, I offer a response to their account and show how (...)
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  6. Bennett Ramsey (1993). Submitting to Freedom: The Religious Vision of William James. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Ramsey presents a new analysis and interpretation of the religious views of the nineteenth-century American philosopher William James. He argues that James was primarily motivated by religious concerns in his writings and that this fact has been obscured by the artificial scholarly division of his "philosophy," "psychology," and "religion"-- a symptom of the professionalization which James himself strenuously resisted in his own time.
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  7. Paul Ramsey (1976). Some Rejoinders. Journal of Religious Ethics 4 (2):185 - 237.score: 60.0
    The author responds to the interpretations and criticisms of his thought as presented in the eleven essays in "Love and Society: Essays in the Ethics of Paul Ramsey" (Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1974). He defends and refines his position on ethical theory, war and political ethics and medical ethics.
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  8. Joseph Ramsey, Bootstrapping the PC and CPC Algorithms to Improve Search Accuracy.score: 60.0
    By bootstrapping the output of the PC algorithm (Spirtes et al., 2000; Meek 1995), using larger conditioning sets informed by the current graph state, it is possible to define a novel algorithm, JPC, that improves accuracy of search for i.i.d. data drawn from linear, Gaussian, sparse to moderately dense models. The motivation for constructing sepsets using information in the current graph state is to highlight the differences between d-­‐separation information in the graph and conditional independence information extracted from the sample. (...)
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  9. Richard Scheines & Joe Ramsey, Simulating Genetic Regulartory Networks.score: 60.0
    Richard Scheines and Joe Ramsey. Simulating Genetic Regulartory Networks.
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  10. Paul Ramsey (1978). Ethics at the Edges of Life: Medical and Legal Intersections. Yale University Press.score: 60.0
    In this book, Ramsey addresses the moral problems of medicine, life and death and not merely to those who share his faith.
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  11. Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1925/1990). Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Frank Ramsey was the greatest of the remarkable generation of Cambridge philosophers and logicians which included G. E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maynard Keynes. Before his tragically early death in 1930 at the age of twenty-six, he had done seminal work in mathematics and economics as well as in logic and philosophy. This volume, with a new and extensive introduction by D. H. Mellor, contains all Ramsey's previously published writings on philosophy and the foundations of mathematics. (...)
     
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  12. F. P. Ramsey (1927). Facts and Propositions. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Supplementary) 7 (1):153-170.score: 30.0
  13. Frank P. Ramsey (1923). Critical Notice of L.Wittgenstein's Tractatus. [REVIEW] Mind 32 (128):465-478.score: 30.0
  14. William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & J. Garon (1991). Connectionism, Eliminativism, and the Future of Folk Psychology. In William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum. 499-533.score: 30.0
  15. Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1960). The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays. Paterson, N.J.,Littlefield, Adams.score: 30.0
    THE FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS () PREFACE The object of this paper is to give a satisfactory account of the Foundations of Mathematics in accordance with ...
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  16. F. P. Ramsey (1925). Universals. Mind 34 (136):401-417.score: 30.0
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  17. William Ramsey (1992). Prototypes and Conceptual Analysis. Topoi 11 (1):59-70.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I explore the implications of recent empirical research on concept representation for the philosophical enterprise of conceptual analysis. I argue that conceptual analysis, as it is commonly practiced, is committed to certain assumptions about the nature of our intuitive categorization judgments. I then try to show how these assumptions clash with contemporary accounts of concept representation in cognitive psychology. After entertaining an objection to my argument, I close by considering ways in which conceptual analysis might be altered (...)
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  18. William Ramsey (1997). Do Connectionist Representations Earn Their Explanatory Keep? Mind and Language 12 (1):34-66.score: 30.0
  19. Michael R. DePaul & William Ramsey (eds.) (1998). Rethinking Intuition: The Psychology of Intuition and Its Role in Philosophical Inquiry. Rowman & Littlefield.score: 30.0
    Students and scholars in both fields will find this book to be of great value.
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  20. Charles H. Pence & Grant Ramsey (2013). A New Foundation for the Propensity Interpretation of Fitness. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):851-881.score: 30.0
    The propensity interpretation of fitness (PIF) is commonly taken to be subject to a set of simple counterexamples. We argue that three of the most important of these are not counterexamples to the PIF itself, but only to the traditional mathematical model of this propensity: fitness as expected number of offspring. They fail to demonstrate that a new mathematical model of the PIF could not succeed where this older model fails. We then propose a new formalization of the PIF that (...)
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  21. William Ramsey (2007). Representation Reconsidered. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is...
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  22. William Ramsey (2006). Multiple Realizability Intuitions and the Functionalist Conception of the Mind. Metaphilosophy 37 (1):53-73.score: 30.0
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  23. William Ramsey, Eliminative Materialism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    Eliminative materialism (or eliminativism) is the radical claim that our ordinary, common-sense understanding of the mind is deeply wrong and that some or all of the mental states posited by common-sense do not actually exist. Descartes famously challenged much of what we take for granted, but he insisted that, for the most part, we can be confident about the content of our own minds. Eliminative materialists go further than Descartes on this point, since they challenge of the existence of various (...)
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  24. William Ramsey, Perception.score: 30.0
    Philosophical work on perception traditionally concerns whether perceptual acquaintance with things in the world is compatible with the possibility of illusions and hallucinations. Given that you cannot tell definitively if you are hallucinating, how are you ever acquainted with things like tomatoes, barns, collisions, colors, sounds, and odors?
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  25. G. E. Moore & F. P. Ramsey, Facts and Proposition (Symposium).score: 30.0
  26. M. R. DePaul & William Ramsey (eds.) (1998). Rethinking Intuition. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.score: 30.0
    Students and scholars in both fields will find this book to be of great value.
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  27. Clark Glymour, David Danks, Bruce Glymour, Frederick Eberhardt, Joseph Ramsey, Richard Scheines, Peter Spirtes, Choh Man Teng & Jiji Zhang (2010). Actual Causation: A Stone Soup Essay. Synthese 175 (2):169 - 192.score: 30.0
    We argue that current discussions of criteria for actual causation are ill-posed in several respects. (1) The methodology of current discussions is by induction from intuitions about an infinitesimal fraction of the possible examples and counterexamples; (2) cases with larger numbers of causes generate novel puzzles; (3) "neuron" and causal Bayes net diagrams are, as deployed in discussions of actual causation, almost always ambiguous; (4) actual causation is (intuitively) relative to an initial system state since state changes are relevant, but (...)
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  28. William Ramsey & Stephen P. Stich (1990). Connectionism and Three Levels of Nativism. Synthese 82 (2):177-205.score: 30.0
    Along with the increasing popularity of connectionist language models has come a number of provocative suggestions about the challenge these models present to Chomsky's arguments for nativism. The aim of this paper is to assess these claims. We begin by reconstructing Chomsky's argument from the poverty of the stimulus and arguing that it is best understood as three related arguments, with increasingly strong conclusions. Next, we provide a brief introduction to connectionism and give a quick survey of recent efforts to (...)
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  29. Jeffry L. Ramsey (2008). Mechanisms and Their Explanatory Challenges in Organic Chemistry. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):970-982.score: 30.0
    Chemists take mechanisms to be an important way of explaining chemical change. I examine the usefulness of the mechanism approach in the recent philosophical literature in explicating the explanatory use of mechanisms by organic chemists. I argue that chemists consider a mechanism to be explanatory because it accounts for the “dynamic process of bringing about” (Tabery 2004 , 10) chemical change. For chemists, mechanisms are causal explanations based on interventions that show “how some possibilities depend on others” (Woodward 2003 , (...)
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  30. Grant Ramsey & Robert Brandon (2011). Why Reciprocal Altruism is Not a Kind of Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):385-400.score: 30.0
    Reciprocal altruism was originally formulated in terms of individual selection and most theorists continue to view it in this way. However, this interpretation of reciprocal altruism has been challenged by Sober and Wilson (1998). They argue that reciprocal altruism (as well as all other forms of altruism) evolves by the process of group selection. In this paper, we argue that the original interpretation of reciprocal altruism is the correct one. We accomplish this by arguing that if fitness attaches to (at (...)
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  31. William Ramsey, Stephen Stich & Joseph Garon (1990). Connectionism, Eliminativism and the Future of Folk Psychology. Philosophical Perspectives 4:499-533.score: 30.0
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  32. F. P. Ramsey (1923). Critical Notices. Mind 32 (128):465-478.score: 30.0
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  33. Frank Ramsey, “How Can a Philosophical Enquiry Be Conducted Without a Perpetual Petitio Principii?score: 30.0
    In chapter 3, we reflected on the view that the fallacies on the traditional list are inherently dialectical. The answer proposed there was that, with the possible exception of, e.g., begging the question and many questions, they are not. The aim of the present chapter is to cancel theispossibility by showing that begging the question and many questions are not in fact dialectical fallacies. The reason for this is not that question-begging and many questions aren’t (at least dominantly) dialectical practices. (...)
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  34. F. P. Ramsey (2007). Truth and Simplicity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):379-386.score: 30.0
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  35. William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. M. Rumelhart (eds.) (1991). Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 30.0
    The philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. Until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. However, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. In that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that are (...)
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  36. Grant Ramsey & Anne Siebels Peterson (2012). Sameness in Biology. Philosophy of Science 79 (2):255-275.score: 30.0
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  37. William Ramsey (2010). How Not to Build a Hybrid: Simulation Vs. Fact-Finding. Philosophical Psychology 23 (6):775-795.score: 30.0
    In accounting for the way we explain and predict behavior, two major positions are the theory-theory and the simulation theory. Recently, several authors have advocated a hybrid position, where elements of both theory and simulation are part of the account. One popular strategy for incorporating simulation is to note that we sometimes assign mental states to others by performing cognitive operations in ourselves that mirror what has occurred in the target. In this article, I argue that this way of thinking (...)
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  38. William Ramsey (2010). Review of Richard Menary (Ed.), The Extended Mind. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (12).score: 30.0
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  39. F. P. Ramsey & G. E. Moore (1927). Symposium: Facts and Propositions. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 7:153 - 206.score: 30.0
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  40. I. T. Ramsey (1955). The Systematic Elusiveness of 'I'. Philosophical Quarterly 5 (July):193-204.score: 30.0
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  41. William Ramsey (1990). Where Does the Self-Refutation Objection Take Us? Inquiry 33 (December):453-65.score: 30.0
    Eliminative materialism is the position that common?sense psychology is false and that beliefs and desires, like witches and demons, do not exist. One of the most popular criticisms of this view is that it is self?refuting or, in some sense, incoherent. Hence, it is often claimed that eliminativism is not only implausible, but necessarily false. Below, I assess the merits of this objection and find it seriously wanting. I argue that the self?refutation objection is (at best) a misleading reformulation of (...)
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  42. Hope Hollocher, Agustin Fuentes, Charles H. Pence, Grant Ramsey, Daniel John Sportiello & Michelle M. Wirth (2011). On the Origin of Stories: Evolution, Cognition, and Fiction. [REVIEW] Quarterly Review of Biology 86 (2):137-138.score: 30.0
  43. Grant Ramsey (2014). Human Nature in a Post-Essentialist World. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):983-993.score: 30.0
    In this essay I examine a well-known articulation of human nature skepticism, a paper by Hull. I then review a recent reply to Hull by Machery, which argues for an account of human nature that he claims is both useful and scientifically robust. I challenge Machery’s account and introduce an alternative account—the “life-history trait cluster” conception of human nature—that I hold is scientifically sound and makes sense of (at least some of) our intuitions about—and desiderata for—human nature.
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  44. Paul Ramsey (1946). The Idealistic View of Moral Evil: Josiah Royce and Bernard Bosanquet. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 6 (4):554-589.score: 30.0
  45. William Ramsey (2011). Stich and His Critics – Ed. Dominic Murphy and Michael Bishop. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):650-653.score: 30.0
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  46. Grant Ramsey (2007). The Fundamental Constraint on the Evolution of Culture. Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):401-414.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that there is a general constraint on the evolution of culture. This constraint – what I am calling the Fundamental Constraint – must be satisfied in order for a cultural system to be adaptive. The Fundamental Constraint is this: for culture to be adaptive there must be a positive correlation between the fitness of cultural variants and their fitness impact on the organisms adopting those variants. Two ways of satisfying the Fundamental Constraint are introduced, structural solutions and (...)
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  47. F. P. Ramsey (1990). Weight or the Value of Knowledge. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (1):1-4.score: 30.0
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  48. Calvin O. Schrag & Ramsey Eric Ramsey (1994). Method and Phenomenological Research: Humility and Commitment in Interpretation. [REVIEW] Human Studies 17 (1):131 - 137.score: 30.0
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  49. Rosemary P. Ramsey, Greg W. Marshall, Mark W. Johnston & Dawn R. Deeter-Schmelz (2007). Ethical Ideologies and Older Consumer Perceptions of Unethical Sales Tactics. Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):191 - 207.score: 30.0
    Demographic differences among consumer groups have become increasingly important to the development of marketing strategies. Marketers depend heavily on the sales force to implement strategies at the consumer level and, not surprisingly, different groups may view the salesperson’s role differently. Unfortunately, unethical sales practices targeted at various consumer groups, and especially at seniors, have been utilized as well. The purpose of this study is to provide initial empirical evidence of the ethical ideological make-up of four age segments outlined by Strauss (...)
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