Search results for 'Gloria Waters' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  29
    David Caplan & Gloria S. Waters (1999). Verbal Working Memory and Sentence Comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):77-94.
    This target article discusses the verbal working memory system used in sentence comprehension. We review the concept of working memory as a short-duration system in which small amounts of information are simultaneously stored and manipulated in the service of accomplishing a task. We summarize the argument that syntactic processing in sentence comprehension requires such a storage and computational system. We then ask whether the working memory system used in syntactic processing is the same as that used in verbally mediated (...)
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  2.  2
    Gloria J. Bazzoli, Larry M. Manheim & Teresa M. Waters (2003). U.S. Hospital Industry Restructuring and the Hospital Safety Net. Inquiry 40 (1):6-24.
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  3.  8
    David Caplan & Gloria Waters (1999). Issues Regarding General and Domain-Specific Resources. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):114-122.
    Commentaries on our target article raise further questions about the validity of an undifferentiated central executive that supplies resources to all verbal tasks. Working memory tasks are more likely to measure divided attention capacities and the efficiency of performing tasks within specific domains than a shared resource pool. In our response to the commentaries, we review and further expand upon empirical findings that relate performance on working memory tasks to sentence processing, concluding that our view that the two are not (...)
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  4.  1
    Gloria S. Waters & David Caplan (2003). Language Comprehension and Verbal Working Memory. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group
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  5.  26
    Anne Waters, Structural Disadvantage and a Place at the Table: Creating a Space for Indigenous Philosophers to Be More ProActively Involved in Decision Making Forums Affecting the Emergence and Impact of Indigenous Philosophers of the Americas. American Philosophical Association Committee on American Indians in Philosophy.
    In this paper, Waters introduces American Indians who hold a Ph.D. in philosophy. Waters explains that because American Indians are unable to garner the financial, collegial, and academic support needed to rise to inclusive positions in the philosophical profession, most of our colleagues and students remain uneducated and ignorant about indigenous people and our philosophies that are still alive today on this shared American continent. America’s indigenous philosophers have important contributions to make to philosophy and (...)
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  6.  10
    Anne Waters, Global Indigenous Research Contexts for Bio-Prospecting: Sacred Collisions of Ethnobotany, Diversity Genetics, Intellectual Property Law, Sovereign Rights, and Public Interest Pharmaceuticals. American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Indigenous Philosophy.
    Waters aries that the demands of indigenous bio-prospecting programs need to be considered against the needs of indigenous communities. Issues of sovereignty and rights to self-determination need to be resolved in the context of negotiating bio-prospecting plans. By setting out clear guidelines and priorities, as determined through the eyes and values of indigenous peoples, indigenous communities may have an opportunity to participate in the global sharing of biomedical information and healing for all our relations. Before (...)
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  7.  8
    Anne Schulherr Waters, MEMORIAL IN HONOR OF VIOLA CORDOVA (V.F. CORDOVA), PH.D. American Philosophical Association Newsletter on American Indians in Philosophy, Vol.2, #2, Spring 2003.
    This article was prepared for the Prepared for the Memorial Service at the University of New Mexico on March 28, 2003. Compared are the philosophy of Standing Bear and Viola Cordova. "Both Standing Bear and Cordova recognized the ruptured consciousness into which Indian students frequently fall when we encounter colonial culture. Both critically challenged the academic education being taught to Native students, in method and content. Both recognized the importance of Native students receiving an education in consonance with their cultural (...)
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  8.  6
    Anne Waters (2003). Introduction: Indigenous Women in the Americas. Hypatia 18 (2):ix-xx.
    Several themes arise here. First is the need to coalition with ecofeminists in struggle against ecocide of our planet earth. Second is the incredible violence committed against Native women in the name of continuing manifest destiny. Third is the overlapping of racism, sexism, and capitalism to create an imperial system of domination over the earth's resources. Fourth, there is a need to heal ourselves and our communities. Authors include Bonita Lawrence, Ana Mariella Bacigalupo, M.A. Jaimes* Guerrero, Andrea Smith, Lisa (...)
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  9. Rebecca Munford, Melanie Waters & Imelda Whelehan (2014). Feminism and Popular Culture: Investigating the Postfeminist Mystique. Rutgers University Press.
    When the term “postfeminism” entered the media lexicon in the 1990s, it was often accompanied by breathless headlines about the “death of feminism.” Those reports of feminism’s death may have been greatly exaggerated, and yet contemporary popular culture often conjures up a world in which feminism had never even been born, a fictional universe filled with suburban Stepford wives, maniacal career women, alluring amnesiacs, and other specimens of retro femininity. In _Feminism and Popular Culture_, Rebecca Munford and (...)
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  10. C. Kenneth Waters (2007). Causes That Make a Difference. Journal of Philosophy 104 (11):551-579.
    Biologists studying complex causal systems typically identify some factors as causes and treat other factors as background conditions. For example, when geneticists explain biological phenomena, they often foreground genes and relegate the cellular milieu to the background. But factors in the milieu are as causally necessary as genes for the production of phenotypic traits, even traits at the molecular level such as amino acid sequences. Gene-centered biology has been criticized on the grounds that because there is parity among causes, the (...)
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  11.  4
    Stephen H. Kellert, Helen E. Longino & C. Kenneth Waters (eds.) (2006). Scientific Pluralism. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Scientific pluralism is an issue at the forefront of philosophy of science. This landmark work addresses the question, Can pluralism be advanced as a general, philosophical interpretation of science?
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  12.  81
    John W. Waters (forthcoming). Book Review: Africa and the Africans in the Old Testament. [REVIEW] Interpretation 53 (1):86-86.
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  13. Brent Waters (2013). Book Review: Jonathan Chaplin, Herman Dooyeweerd: Christian Philosopher of State and Civil Society. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (2):230-232.
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  14. Brent Waters (2000). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Edited by Stephen E. Lammers and Allen Verhey. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1998. 1004 Pp. Pb. No Price. ISBN 0-8028-4249-6. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 13 (2):130-131.
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  15.  79
    Brent Waters (2013). Book Review: Allen Verhey, Nature and Altering It. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 26 (2):265-268.
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  16. C. Kenneth Waters (1994). Genes Made Molecular. Philosophy of Science 61 (2):163-185.
    This paper investigates what molecular biology has done for our understanding of the gene. I base a new account of the gene concept of classical genetics on the classical dogma that gene differences cause phenotypic differences. Although contemporary biologists often think of genes in terms of this concept, molecular biology provides a second way to understand genes. I clarify this second way by articulating a molecular gene concept. This concept unifies our understanding of the molecular basis of a wide variety (...)
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  17.  26
    C. Kenneth Waters (1991). Tempered Realism About the Force of Selection. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):553-573.
    Darwinians are realists about the force of selection, but there has been surprisingly little discussion about what form this realism should take. Arguments about the units of selection in general and genic selectionism in particular reveal two realist assumptions: (1) for any selection process, there is a uniquely correct identification of the operative selective forces and the level at which each impinges; and (2) selective forces must satisfy the Pareto-style requirement of probabilistic causation. I argue that both (...)
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  18.  43
    Philip Kitcher, Kim Sterelny & C. Kenneth Waters (1990). The Illusory Riches of Sober's Monism. Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):158-161.
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  19.  27
    James A. Waters, Frederick Bird & Peter D. Chant (1986). Everyday Moral Issues Experienced by Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (5):373 - 384.
    Based on the results of open ended interviews with managers in a variety of organizational positions, moral questions encountered in everyday managerial life are described. These involve transactions with employees, peers and superiors, customers, suppliers and other stakeholders. It is suggested that managers identify transactions as involving personal moral concern when they believe that a moral standard has a bearing on the situation and when they experience themselves as having the power to affect the transaction. This is the first in (...)
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  20.  51
    C. Kenneth Waters (2007). The Nature and Context of Exploratory Experimentation: An Introduction to Three Case Studies of Exploratory Research. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):275 - 284.
    My aim in this article is to introduce readers to the topic of exploratory experimentation and briefly explain how the three articles that follow, by Richard Burian, Kevin Elliott, and Maureen O'Malley, advance our understanding of the nature and significance of exploratory research. I suggest that the distinction between exploratory and theory-driven experimentation is multidimensional and that some of the dimensions are continuums. I point out that exploratory experiments are typically theory-informed even if they are not theory-driven. I also distinguish (...)
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  21.  47
    James A. Waters & Frederick Bird (1987). The Moral Dimension of Organizational Culture. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):15 - 22.
    The lack of concrete guidance provided by managerial moral standards and the ambiguity of the expectations they create are discussed in terms of the moral stress experienced by many managers. It is argued that requisite clarity and feelings of obligation with respect to moral standards derive ultimately from public discussion of moral issues within organizations and from shared public agreement about appropriate behavior. Suggestions are made about ways in which the moral dimension of an organization's culture can be more effectively (...)
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  22.  32
    Ken Waters, Molecular Genetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23.  92
    B. Waters (2000). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Edited by Stephen E. Lammers and Allen Verhey. Second Edition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1998. 1004 Pp. Pb. No Price. ISBN 0-8028-4249-. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 13 (2):130-131.
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  24.  62
    C. Kenneth Waters (2011). Okasha's Unintended Argument for Toolbox Theorizing. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):232-240.
    Okasha claims at the outset of his book "Evolution and the Levels of Selection" (2006) that the Price equation lays bare the fundamentals underlying all selection phenomena. However, the thoroughness of his subsequent analysis of multi-level selection theories leads him to abandon his fundamentalist commitments. At critical points he invokes cost benefit analyses that sometimes favors the Price approach and sometimes the contextual approach, sometimes favors MLS1 and sometimes MLS2. And although he doesn’t acknowledge it, even the Price approach breaks (...)
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  25.  54
    C. Kenneth Waters (1998). Causal Regularities in the Biological World of Contingent Distributions. Biology and Philosophy 13 (1):5-36.
    Former discussions of biological generalizations have focused on the question of whether there are universal laws of biology. These discussions typically analyzed generalizations out of their investigative and explanatory contexts and concluded that whatever biological generalizations are, they are not universal laws. The aim of this paper is to explain what biological generalizations are by shifting attention towards the contexts in which they are drawn. I argue that within the context of any particular biological explanation or investigation, biologists employ two (...)
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  26.  48
    C. Kenneth Waters (2005). Why Genic and Multilevel Selection Theories Are Here to Stay. Philosophy of Science 72 (2):311-333.
    I clarify the difference between pluralist and monist interpretations of levels of selection disputes. Lloyd has challenged my claim that a plurality of models correctly accounts for situations such as maintenance of the sickle-cell trait, and I revisit this example to show that competing theories don’t disagree about the existence of ‘high-level’ or ‘lowlevel’ causes; rather, they parse these causes differently. Applying Woodward’s theory of causation, I analyze Sober’s distinction between ‘selection of’ versus ‘selection for’. My analysis shows that this (...)
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  27.  84
    Brent Waters (2011). Book Review: Robert D. Orr, Medical Ethics and the Faith Factor: A Handbook for Clergy and Health-Care Professionals (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009). Xxviii + 482 Pp. £19.99/$30 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-802-86404-8. James R. Thobaben, Health-Care Ethics: A Comprehensive Christian Resource (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009). 428 Pp. £22.60/$35 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-8308-2673-5. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (1):113-117.
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  28.  35
    Leonard A. Waters (1940). Poetry Seeking an Understanding (Pt 2). Modern Schoolman 17 (4):74-75.
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  29.  20
    C. Kenneth Waters, Shifting Attention From Theory to Practice in Philosophy of Biology.
    Traditional approaches in philosophy of biology focus attention on biological concepts, explanations, and theories, on evidential support and inter-theoretical relations. Newer approaches shift attention from concepts to conceptual practices, from theories to practices of theorizing, and from theoretical reduction to reductive retooling. In this article, I describe the shift from theory-focused to practice-centered philosophy of science and explain how it is leading philosophers to abandon fundamentalist assumptions associated with traditional approaches in philosophy of science and to embrace scientific pluralism. This (...)
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  30.  4
    C. Kenneth Waters (2000). Molecules Made Biological. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 54 (214(4)).
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  31.  20
    L. A. Waters (1967). A Human Idiom: Literature and Humanity. By William Walsh. Modern Schoolman 45 (1):83-85.
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  32.  49
    C. Kenneth Waters (2004). What Was Classical Genetics? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):783-809.
    I present an account of classical genetics to challenge theory-biased approaches in the philosophy of science. Philosophers typically assume that scientific knowledge is ultimately structured by explanatory reasoning and that research programs in well-established sciences are organized around efforts to fill out a central theory and extend its explanatory range. In the case of classical genetics, philosophers assume that the knowledge was structured by T. H. Morgan’s theory of transmission and that research throughout the later 1920s, 30s, and 40s was (...)
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  33.  26
    Judith Waters & Jean Mechanic (1989). Summer Inquiry Workshop. Inquiry 4 (1):6-7.
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  34.  62
    B. Waters (2007). Book Review: Genetics and Christian Ethics; Genetics, Theology, and Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Conversation. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (1):128-134.
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  35.  61
    B. Waters (1998). Book Reviews : For the Love of Children: Genetic Technology and the Future of the Family, by Ted Peters. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster-John Knox Press, 1996. 227 Pp. Pb. US$18.00. ISBN 0-664-25468-. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 11 (1):112-115.
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  36.  8
    Andrew J. Waters, Michael A. Sayette & Joan M. Wertz (forthcoming). Carry-Over Effects Can Modulate Emotional Stroop Effects. Cognition and Emotion.
  37. E. J. Capaldi & Robert W. Waters (1970). Conditioning and Nonconditioning Interpretations of Small-Trial Phenomena. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):518.
  38.  56
    C. Kenneth Waters (2004). What Concept Analysis in Philosophy of Science Should Be. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):29-58.
    What should philosophers of science accomplish when they analyze scientific concepts and interpret scientific knowledge? What is concept analysis if it is not a description of the way scientists actually think? I investigate these questions by using Hans Reichenbach's account of the descriptive, critical, and advisory tasks of philosophy of science to examine Karola Stotz and Paul Griffiths' idea that poll-based methodologies can test philosophical analyses of scientific concepts. Using Reichenbach's account as a point of departure, I argue that philosophy (...)
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  39.  30
    Mary C. Waters & Philip Kasinitz (2010). Discrimination, Race Relations, and the Second Generation. Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (1):101-132.
    In an increasingly diverse America, the experience of race and racial discrimination is too often described as if it is the same for all racial and ethnic groups. Utilizing the perspective on ethnic and racial groups developed by Zolberg that stresses their contingent and dynamic nature, we explore ethnic and racial discrimination in depth. Drawing on data from the New York Second Generation Study we describe the experience of prejudice and discrimination among eight groups of young adults-native born whites, native (...)
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  40.  70
    C. Kenneth Waters, Beyond Theoretical Reduction and Layer-Cake Antireduction: How DNA Retooled Genetics and Transformed Biological Practice.
    Watson and Crick’s discovery of the structure of DNA led to developments that transformed many biological sciences. But what were the relevant developments and how did they transform biology? Much of the philosophical discussion concerning this question can be organized around two opposing views: theoretical reductionism and layer-cake antireductionism. Theoretical reductionist and their anti-reductionist foes hold two assumptions in common. First, both hold that biological knowledge is structured like a layer cake, with some biological sciences, such as molecular biology cast (...)
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  41. Stephen H. Kellert, Helen E. Longino & C. Kenneth Waters (eds.) (2006). Scientific Pluralism, Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science (Vol 19). University of Minnesota Press.
     
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  42.  21
    C. Kenneth Waters (1990). Why the Antireductionist Consensus Won't Survive the Case of Classical Mendelian Genetics. Philosophy of Science Association 1:125-39.
    Philosophers now treat the relationship between classical genetics and molecular biology as a paradigm of nonreduction and this example is playing an increasingly prominent role in debates about the reducibility of theories in other sciences. This paper shows that the anti-reductionist consensus about genetics will not withstand serious scrutiny. In addition to defusing the main anti-reductionist objections, this critical analysis uncovers tell-tale signs of a significant reduction in progress. It also identifies philosophical issues relevant to gaining a better understanding of (...)
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  43.  44
    Anne Schulherr Waters, Syllabus: Native Studies 450-001: Global Indigenous Philosophy, Spring 2005, University of New Mexico. American Philosophical Association Newsletter on American Indians in Philosophy.
    This syllabus engages dialogue about indigenous philosophical ideas and issues that frame contemporary global indigenous thought, perspective, and worldview. We explore how presuppositions of indigenous philosophy, including epistemology (how/what we know), metaphysics (what is), science (stories), and ethics (practices), affect global research programs, intellectual cultural property, economic policies, ecology, biodiversity, taxonomy, health, housing, food, employment, economic sustainability, peace negotiations, climate justice, human/treaty rights, colonial law, refugees and incarceration, self-determination, sovereignty, nation building, and digital information. Readings provide an (...)
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  44.  19
    Leonard A. Waters (1966). "L'Esthetique de Teilhard," by Monique Perigord. Modern Schoolman 43 (4):428-429.
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  45.  17
    Frederick Bird & James A. Waters (1987). The Nature of Managerial Moral Standards. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):1 - 13.
    Descriptions of how managers think about the moral questions that come up in their work lives are analyzed to draw out the moral assumptions to which they commonly refer. The moral standards thus derived are identified as (1) honesty in communication, (2) fair treatment, (3) special consideration, (4) fair competition, (5) organizational responsibility, (6) corporate social responsibility, and, (7) respect for law. It is observed that these normative standards assume the cultural form of social conventions but because managers invoke them (...)
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  46.  3
    C. Kenneth Waters (2003). 5 The Arguments in the Origin of Species. In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press 116.
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  47.  11
    L. A. Waters (1967). Aristotle's 'Poetics' and English Literature: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Elder Olson. Modern Schoolman 45 (1):63-64.
  48.  4
    Kristin Waters (ed.) (2000). Women and Men Political Theorists: Enlightened Conversations. Blackwell Publishers.
    This much-anticipated work is a rich and insightful collection of essays that restores women and minorities to the arena of political theory and debate.
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  49.  62
    C. Kenneth Waters (2008). How Practical Know‐How Contextualizes Theoretical Knowledge: Exporting Causal Knowledge From Laboratory to Nature. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):707-719.
    Leading philosophical accounts presume that Thomas H. Morgan’s transmission theory can be understood independently of experimental practices. Experimentation is taken to be relevant to confirming, rather than interpreting, the transmission theory. But the construction of Morgan’s theory went hand in hand with the reconstruction of the chief experimental object, the model organism Drosophila melanogaster . This raises an important question: when a theory is constructed to account for phenomena in carefully controlled laboratory settings, what knowledge, if any, indicates the theory’s (...)
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  50.  69
    B. Waters (1998). The Desire of the Nations: An Overview. Studies in Christian Ethics 11 (2):1-7.
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