Search results for 'Goals' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marek McGann (2007). Enactive Theorists Do It on Purpose: Toward an Enactive Account of Goals and Goal-Directedness. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):463-483.score: 24.0
    The enactive approach to cognitive science involves frequent references to “action” without making clear what is intended by the term. In particular, though autopoiesis is seen as a foundation for teleology in the enactive literature, no definition or account is offered of goals which can encompass not just descriptions of biological maintenance, but the range of social and cultural activities in which human beings continually engage. The present paper draws primarily on the work of Juarrero (Dynamics in action. Cambridge, (...)
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  2. Sridhar Venkatapuram (2013). Health, Vital Goals, and Central Human Capabilities. Bioethics 27 (5):271-279.score: 24.0
    I argue for a conception of health as a person's ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt's theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths (...)
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  3. Stan van Hooft (1998). Suffering and the Goals of Medicine. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (2):125-131.score: 24.0
    Taking as its starting point a recent statement of the Goals of Medicine published by the Hastings Centre, this paper argues against the dualistic distinction between pain and suffering. It uses an Aristotelian conception of the person to suggest that malady, pain, and disablement are objective forms of suffering not dependent upon any state of consciousness of the victim. As a result, medicine effectively relieves suffering when it cures malady and relieves pain. There is no medical mission to confront (...)
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  4. Lennart Nordenfelt (2013). Standard Circumstances and Vital Goals: Comments on Venkatapuram's Critique. Bioethics 27 (5):280-284.score: 24.0
    This article is a reply to Venkatapuram's critique in his article Health, Vital Goals, Capabilities, this volume. I take issue mainly with three critical points put forward by Venkatapuram with regard to my theory of health. (1) I deny that the contents of my vital goals are relative to each community or context, as Venkatapuram claims. There is no conceptual connection at all between standard circumstances and vital goals, as I understand these concepts. (2) Venkatapuram notes that (...)
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  5. Bengt Brülde (2001). The Goals of Medicine. Towards a Unified Theory. Health Care Analysis 9 (1):1-13.score: 24.0
    The purpose of this article is to present a normative theory of the goals of medicine (a theory that tells us in what respects medicine should benefit the patient) that is both comprehensive and unified. A review of the relevant literature suggests that there are at least seven plausible goals that are irreducible to each other, namely to promote functioning, to maintain or restore normal structure and function, to promote quality of life, to save and prolong life, to (...)
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  6. Carmen Valor (2012). The Contribution of the Energy Industry to the Millennium Development Goals: A Benchmark Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):277-287.score: 24.0
    This paper evaluates the contribution of the energy industry (oil, gas and electricity) to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in three countries (Argentina, Colombia and Mexico). To build this international benchmark, a tool was built (the MDG-Scorecard), by drawing on theoretical frameworks and guides on how businesses can contribute to the MDGs. Results show that companies are making efforts to contribute to the environment, human rights, employment creation and labour rights. However, their effort is close to nil for the (...)
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  7. Earl W. Spurgin (2004). The Goals and Merits of a Business Ethics Competency Exam. Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):279-288.score: 24.0
    My university recently established a business ethics competency exam for graduate business students. The exam is designed to test whether students can demonstrate several abilities that are indicative of competency in business ethics. They are the abilities to speak the language of business ethics, identify business ethics issues, apply theories and concepts to issues, identify connections among theories and concepts as they relate to different issues, and construct and critically evaluate arguments for various positions on business ethics issues. Through this (...)
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  8. Mari Huhtala, Taru Feldt, Katriina Hyvönen & Saija Mauno (2013). Ethical Organisational Culture as a Context for Managers' Personal Work Goals. Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):265-282.score: 24.0
    The aims of this study were to investigate what kinds of personal work goals managers have and whether ethical organisational culture is related to these goals. The sample consisted of 811 Finnish managers from different organisations, in middle and upper management levels, aged 25–68 years. Eight work-related goal content categories were found based on the managers self-reported goals: (1) organisational goals (35.4 %), (2) competence goals (26.1 %), (3) well-being goals (12.1 %), (4) career-ending (...)
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  9. Saulius Katuoka & Eglė Leonavičiūtė (2012). Goals of Concentration Control and the Main Legal Tests for the Evaluation of Concentrations. Jurisprudence 19 (2):605-624.score: 24.0
    The main goal of concentration control and basic legal tests applied worldwide for the evaluation of concentrations, such as “dominance”, “significant impediment of competition” and “substantial lessening of competition” are analysed in this article. Every control, whatever its nature, is implemented in order to reach certain goals. In the first part of this article we analyse the goals of concentration control in different jurisdictions – mostly in the European Union, the USA and Lithuania. Four basic market security standards (...)
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  10. Shinobu Kitayama (2012). Integrating Two Epistemological Goals: Why Shouldn't We Give It Another Chance? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):420-428.score: 24.0
    As Beller, Bender, and Medin (in press) pointed out in their target article, in the contemporary study of culture in psychology, anthropology is virtually invisible. In this commentary, I traced this invisibility to a root conflict in epistemological goals of the two disciplines: Whereas anthropologists value rich description of specific cultures, psychologists aspire to achieve theoretical simplicity. To anthropologists, then, to understand culture is to articulate symbolic systems that are at work in a given location at a given time. (...)
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  11. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Van Yperen & Evert Van de Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 24.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived (...)
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  12. Martina Rieger Andrea M. Walter (2012). Similar Mechanisms of Movement Control in Target- and Effect-Directed Actions Toward Spatial Goals? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Previous research has shown that actions conducted towards temporal targets and temporal effects are controlled in a similar way. To investigate whether these findings also apply to spatially restricted movements we analyzed movement kinematics of continuous-reversal movements towards given spatial targets and towards self-produced spatial effects in two experiments. In Experiment 1 target- and effect-directed movements were investigated in three different goal constellations. A spatial target/effect was always presented/produced on one movement side, on the other side either a) no target/effect, (...)
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  13. Raimundas Moisejevas & Ana Novosad (2013). Some Thoughts Concerning the Main Goals of Competition Law. Jurisprudence 20 (2):627-642.score: 24.0
    The aim of this article is to analyse different goals of the competition law, which are established in European Union and Lithuania. EU Commission and the Court of Justice distinguish a number of goals of the competition law. Most commonly, mentioned goals of competition law are the following: the integration of the Internal Market, the protection of consumers, protection of the competitors, freedom of competition and economic efficiency. Different goals of competition law are analysed in this (...)
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  14. Per-Anders Tengland (2006). The Goals of Health Work: Quality of Life, Health and Welfare. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):155-167.score: 24.0
    Health-related quality of life is the ultimate general goal for medicine, health care and public health, including health promotion and health education. The other important general goal is health-related welfare. The aim of the paper is to explain what this means and what the consequences of these assumptions are for health work. This involves defining the central terms “health”, “quality of life” and “welfare” and showing what their conceptual relations are. Health-related quality of life has two central meanings: health-related well-being, (...)
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  15. Megan Lee Endres (2006). The Effectiveness of Assigned Goals in Complex Financial Decision Making and the Importance of Gender. Theory and Decision 61 (2):129-157.score: 24.0
    Evidence suggests that men are more confident and less risk averse in financial decision making. Researchers did not address how men and women respond differently to goals in financial decision situations, however. In the present study, men set more challenging personal goals and risked more resources than women in a complex financial decision task. Men did not report higher self-efficacy versus women. As expected, gender interacted with assigned goals to predict self-efficacy, risk behavior, and personal goals. (...)
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  16. Mark Felton, Merce Garcia-Mila & Sandra Gilabert (2009). Deliberation Versus Dispute: The Impact of Argumentative Discourse Goals on Learning and Reasoning in the Science Classroom. Informal Logic 29 (4):417-446.score: 24.0
    Researchers in science education have converged on the view that argumentation can be an effective intervention for promoting knowledge construction in science classrooms. However, the impact of such interventions may be mediated by individuals’ task goals while arguing. In argumentative discourse, one can distinguish two overlapping but distinct kinds of activity: dispute and deliberation. In dispute the goal is to defend a conclusion by undermining alternatives, whereas in deliberation the goal is to arrive at a conclusion by contrasting alternatives. (...)
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  17. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Yperen & Evert Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 24.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived (...)
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  18. Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.score: 21.0
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  19. Ulrich Mees & Annette Schmitt (2008). Goals of Action and Emotional Reasons for Action. A Modern Version of the Theory of Ultimate Psychological Hedonism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (2):157–178.score: 21.0
  20. Lennart Nordenfelt (2001). On the Goals of Medicine, Health Enhancement and Social Welfare. Health Care Analysis 9 (1):15-23.score: 21.0
  21. Christoffel den Biggelaar & Murari Suvedi (2000). Farmers' Definitions, Goals, and Bottlenecks of Sustainable Agriculture in the North-Central Region. Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):347-358.score: 21.0
    Since its inception in 1988, the SAREprogram has sponsored hundreds of projects to exploreand apply economically viable, environmentally sound,and socially acceptable farming systems. Recognizingthat researchers often collaborated with producers andthat producer interest in sustainable agriculture wasincreasing, SARE's North-Central Region began directlyfunding farmers and ranchers in 1992 to test their ownideas on sustainable agriculture. The present articleis based on data from the formative evaluation of thefirst five years (1992 to 1996) of the NCR-SAREProducer Grant Program. The evaluation used acombination of mail (...)
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  22. Erik M. Altmann & J. Gregory Trafton (2002). Memory for Goals: An Activation‐Based Model. Cognitive Science 26 (1):39-83.score: 21.0
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  23. Daniel Callahan (1999). Remembering the Goals of Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (2):103-106.score: 21.0
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  24. M. Hertzman & L. Festinger (1940). Shifts in Explicit Goals in a Level of Aspiration Experiment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):439.score: 21.0
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  25. Olle Blomberg (forthcoming). Shared Goals and Development. Philosophical Quarterly.score: 20.0
    In 'Joint Action and Development', Stephen Butterfill argues that if several agents' actions are driven by what he calls a "shared goal"—a certain pattern of goal-relations and expectations—then these actions constitute a joint action. This kind of joint action is sufficiently cognitively undemanding for children to engage in, and therefore has the potential to play a role in fostering their understanding of other minds. Part of the functional role of shared goals is to enable agents to choose means that (...)
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  26. H. M. Nielsen, I. Olesen, S. Navrud, K. Kolstad & P. Amer (2011). How to Consider the Value of Farm Animals in Breeding Goals. A Review of Current Status and Future Challenges. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (4):309-330.score: 20.0
    The objective of this paper is to outline challenges associated with the inclusion of welfare issues in breeding goals for farm animals and to review the currently available methodologies and discuss their potential advantages and limitations to address these challenges. The methodology for weighing production traits with respect to cost efficiency and market prices are well developed and implemented in animal breeding goals. However, these methods are inadequate in terms of assessing proper values of traits with social and (...)
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  27. Rita Struhkamp (2004). Goals in Their Setting: A Normative Analysis of Goal Setting in Physical Rehabilitation. Health Care Analysis 12 (2):131-155.score: 20.0
    Goal setting is an important professional method and one of the key concepts that structure a practical field such as physical rehabilitation. However, the actual use of goals in rehabilitation practice is much less straightforward than the general acceptance of the method suggests as goals are frequently unattained, modified or contested. In this paper, I will argue that the difficulties of goal setting in day-to-day medical practice can be understood by unravelling the normative assumptions of goal setting, in (...)
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  28. Hamid Vahid (2006). Aiming at Truth: Doxastic Vs. Epistemic Goals. Philosophical Studies 131 (2):303-335.score: 18.0
    Belief is generally thought to be the primary cognitive state representing the world as being a certain way, regulating our behavior and guiding us around the world. It is thus regarded as being constitutively linked with the truth of its content. This feature of belief has been famously captured in the thesis that believing is a purposive state aiming at truth. It has however proved to be notoriously difficult to explain what the thesis really involves. In this paper, I begin (...)
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  29. Mary K. McCurry, Susan M. Hunter Revell & Sr Callista Roy (2010). Knowledge for the Good of the Individual and Society: Linking Philosophy, Disciplinary Goals, Theory, and Practice. Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):42-52.score: 18.0
    Nursing as a profession has a social mandate to contribute to the good of society through knowledge-based practice. Knowledge is built upon theories, and theories, together with their philosophical bases and disciplinary goals, are the guiding frameworks for practice. This article explores a philosophical perspective of nursing's social mandate, the disciplinary goals for the good of the individual and society, and one approach for translating knowledge into practice through the use of a middle-range theory. It is anticipated that (...)
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  30. Jonathan M. Weinberg (2007). Moderate Epistemic Relativism and Our Epistemic Goals. Episteme 4 (1):66-92.score: 18.0
    Although radical forms of relativism are perhaps beyond the epistemological pale, I argue here that a more moderate form may be plausible, and articulate the conditions under which moderate epistemic relativism could well serve our epistemic goals. In particular, as a result of our limitations as human cognizers, we fi nd ourselves needing to investigate the dappled and difficult world by means of competing communities of highly specialized researchers. We would do well, I argue, to admit of the existence (...)
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  31. Robert W. Lurz & Carla Krachun (2011). How Could We Know Whether Nonhuman Primates Understand Others' Internal Goals and Intentions? Solving Povinelli's Problem. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):449-481.score: 18.0
    A persistent methodological problem in primate social cognition research has been how to determine experimentally whether primates represent the internal goals of other agents or just the external goals of their actions. This is an instance of Daniel Povinelli’s more general challenge that no experimental protocol currently used in the field is capable of distinguishing genuine mindreading animals from their complementary behavior-reading counterparts. We argue that current methods used to test for internal-goal attribution in primates do not solve (...)
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  32. Jukka Varelius (2006). Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Goals of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):121 – 137.score: 18.0
    It is plausible that what possible courses of action patients may legitimately expect their physicians to take is ultimately determined by what medicine as a profession is supposed to do and, consequently, that we can determine the moral acceptability of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide on the basis of identifying the proper goals of medicine. This article examines the main ways of defining the proper goals of medicine found in the recent bioethics literature and argues that they cannot (...)
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  33. Simon Keller (2004). Welfare and the Achievement of Goals. Philosophical Studies 121 (1):27-41.score: 18.0
    I defend the view that an individual''s welfareis in one respect enhanced by the achievementof her goals, even when her goals are crazy,self-destructive, irrational or immoral. This``Unrestricted View'''' departs from familiartheories which take welfare to involve only theachievement of rational aims, or of goals whoseobjects are genuinely valuable, or of goalsthat are not grounded in bad reasons. I beginwith a series of examples, intended to showthat some of our intuitive judgments aboutwelfare incorporate distinctions that only theUnrestricted View (...)
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  34. Don Fallis (2007). Collective Epistemic Goals. Social Epistemology 21 (3):267 – 280.score: 18.0
    We all pursue epistemic goals as individuals. But we also pursue collective epistemic goals. In the case of many groups to which we belong, we want each member of the group - and sometimes even the group itself - to have as many true beliefs as possible and as few false beliefs as possible. In this paper, I respond to the main objections to the very idea of such collective epistemic goals. Furthermore, I describe the various ways (...)
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  35. Raimo Tuomela (2002). Collective Goals and Communicative Action. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:29-64.score: 18.0
    This paper gives an account of communicative action from the point of view of communication as a cooperative enterprise. It is argued that this is communication both on the basis of shared collective goals and without them. It is also argued that people can communicate without specifically formed illocutionary communicative intentions. The paper concludes by comparing the account given in the paper with Habermas’s theory of communicative action.
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  36. Vittorio Gallese & Thomas Metzinger (2003). Motor Ontology: The Representational Reality of Goals, Actions and Selves. Philosophical Psychology 16 (3):365 – 388.score: 18.0
    The representational dynamics of the brain is a subsymbolic process, and it has to be conceived as an "agent-free" type of dynamical self-organization. However, in generating a coherent internal world-model, the brain decomposes target space in a certain way. In doing so, it defines an "ontology": to have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting the world, possesses an ontology too. It decomposes target space (...)
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  37. Mark Greenberg (2004). Goals Versus Memes: Explanation in the Theory of Cultural Evolution. In Susan L. Hurley & Nick Chater (eds.), Perspectives on Imitation. MIT Press.score: 18.0
    Darwinian theories of culture need to show that they improve upon the commonsense view that cultural change is explained by humans? skillful pursuit of their conscious goals. In order for meme theory to pull its weight, it is not enough to show that the development and spread of an idea is, broadly speaking, Darwinian, in the sense that it proceeds by the accumulation of change through the differential survival and transmission of varying elements. It could still be the case (...)
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  38. Eduardo Rivera-lópez (2007). Are Mental State Welfarism and Our Concern for Non-Experiential Goals Incompatible? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):74–91.score: 18.0
    The question I address in this paper is whether there is a version of mental state welfarism that can be coherent with the thesis that we have a legitimate concern for non-experiential goals. If there is not, then we should reject mental state welfarism. My thesis is that there is such a version. My argument relies on the distinction between "reality-centered desires" and "experience-centered desires". Mental state welfarism can accommodate our reality-centered desires and our desire that they be objectively (...)
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  39. John Turri (2012). Reasons, Answers, and Goals. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):491-499.score: 18.0
    I discuss two arguments against the view that reasons are propositions. I consider responses to each argument, including recent responses due to Mark Schroeder, and suggest further responses of my own. In each case, the discussion proceeds by comparing reasons to answers and goals.
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  40. Wim Dekkers (2009). On the Notion of Home and the Goals of Palliative Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (5):335-349.score: 18.0
    The notion of home is well known from our everyday experience, and plays a crucial role in all kinds of narratives about human life, but is hardly ever systematically dealt with in the philosophy of medicine and health care. This paper is based upon the intuitively positive connotation of the term “home.” By metaphorically describing the goal of palliative care as “the patient’s coming home,” it wants to contribute to a medical humanities approach of medicine. It is argued that this (...)
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  41. Neil Levy (2012). Ecological Engineering: Reshaping Our Environments to Achieve Our Goals. Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):589-604.score: 18.0
    Human beings are subject to a range of cognitive and affective limitations which interfere with our ability to pursue our individual and social goals. I argue that shaping our environment to avoid triggering these limitations or to constrain the harms they cause is likely to be more effective than genetic or pharmaceutical modifications of our capacities because our limitations are often the flip side of beneficial dispositions and because available enhancements seem to impose significant costs. I argue that carefully (...)
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  42. Thomas Brante (2008). Explanatory and Non-Explanatory Goals in the Social Sciences: A Reply to Reiss. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):271-278.score: 18.0
    The paper has three aims. First, to show that Julian Reiss' critique of what he calls the New Mechanist Perspective in the social sciences is built on a number of misconceptions; second, to provide some arguments for the need of reflections and discussions about common and "ultimate" goals for the social sciences; and third, to suggest a focus on mechanisms as one such viable goal. Key Words: social science • goals • explanations • mechanisms.
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  43. Leigh Tesfatsion (1984). Games, Goals, and Bounded Rationality. Theory and Decision 17 (2):149-175.score: 18.0
    A generalization of the standard n-person game is presented, with flexible information requirements suitable for players constrained by bounded rationality. Strategies (complete contingency plans) are replaced by "policies," i. e., end-mean pairs of candidate goals and "controls" (partial contingency plans). The existence of individual objective functions over the joint policy choice set is axiomatized in terms of primitive preference and probability orders. Conditions are given for the existence of pure policy Nash equilibrium points in n-person games, and pure policy (...)
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  44. Christian Munthe, The Goals of Public Health and the Value of Autonomy.score: 18.0
    Public health is often distinguished from heaslth care in that it is said to serve more 'collective' goals, such as 'the common good' rather than the good of individual people. However, it is not clear what this good is supposed to be (although it is supposed to be 'common'). In regular health care we see in the West a gradual expansion of traditional goals exclusively in terms of length and quality of life to goals having to do (...)
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  45. Rosemary J. Stevenson (1998). Training Quality and Learning Goals: Towards Effective Learning for All. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):426-427.score: 18.0
    Howe, Davidson & Sloboda's focus on learning has important implications because the amount and quality of training are relevant to all learners, not just those acquiring exceptional abilities. In this commentary, I discuss learning goals as an indicator of learning quality, and suggest that all learners can be guided towards more effective learning by shifting their learning goals.
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  46. Christian Munthe, The Goals of Sports Medicine: What Are They and What Should They Be?score: 18.0
    While other parts of medicine and health care seems traditionally to be primarily directed at preventing losses of bodily functions, repairing said functions in the case of such losses, or at least to provide ailment for unpleasant symptoms, sports medicine has allready from the beginning been involved with the project of enhancing bodily functions with regard to sports performance. First, when sports medicine involve itself in the traditional health care activity of prevention, therapy and ailment, the aim is often very (...)
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  47. Christian Munthe (2008). The Goals of Public Health: An Integrated, Multidimensional Model. Public Health Ethics 1 (1):39-52.score: 18.0
    While promoting population health has been the classic goal of public health practice and policy, in recent decades, new objectives in terms of autonomy and equality have been introduced. These different goals are analysed, and it is demonstrated how they may conflict severly in several ways, leaving serious unclarities both regarding the normative issue of what goal should be pursued by public health, what that implies in practical terms, and the descriptive issue of what goal that actually is pursued (...)
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  48. G. Hardcastle (1999). Are There Scientific Goals? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 30 (3):297-311.score: 18.0
    This paper argues that, as all available accounts of how scientific and non-scientific goals might be distinguished rely upon distinctions as much in need of explication as the notion of scientific goals itself, naturalized accounts of science should reject the notion that there are characteristically scientific goals for a given time and place and instead countenance only the goals which happen to be had by individual scientists or their communities. This argument and the recommendation that follows (...)
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  49. Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton (2009). Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.score: 18.0
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, (...)
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  50. Florian Ostmann & Carla Saenz (2013). Separate Goals, Converging Priorities: On the Ethics of Treatment as Prevention. Developing World Bioethics 13 (2):57-62.score: 18.0
    Recent evidence confirming that the administration of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) to HIV-infected persons may effectively reduce their risk of transmission has revived the discussion about priority setting in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The fact that the very same drugs can be used both for treatment purposes and for preventive purposes (Treatment as Prevention) has been seen as paradigm-shifting and taken to spark a new controversy: In a context of scarce resources, should the allocation of ARVs be prioritized based on the (...)
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