Search results for 'Godfrey Brandt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    Godfrey Brandt & David Muir (1986). Schooling, Morality and Race. Journal of Moral Education 15 (1):58-67.
    Abstract In this paper the authors examine the nature and significance of the interface between race, culture and morality and the implications for the classroom teacher in relation to schooling generally and moral education in particular. They argue that morality is circumscribed by the culture(s) from which it derives and within which it operates. It is therefore, impossible to consider one without the other. The same applies in relation to race and culture and similarly to the holism of race, culture (...)
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  2. William P. Alston & Richard B. Brandt (1974). The Problems of Philosophy. Edited by William P. Alston [and] Richard B. Brandt. --. Allyn and Bacon.
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  3.  2
    Richard B. Brandt & Brad Hooker (eds.) (1994). Rationality, Rules, and Utility: New Essays on the Moral Philosophy of Richard B. Brandt. Westview Press.
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  4. Thomas L. Carson & Richard B. Brandt (1997). Brandt on Utilitarianism and the Foundations of EthicsMorality, Utilitarianism and Rights. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):87.
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  5. Richard B. Brandt (1992). Morality, Utilitarianism, and Rights. Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Brandt is one of the most eminent and influential of contemporary moral philosophers. His work has been concerned with how to justify what is good or right not by reliance on intuitions or theories about what moral words mean but by the explanation of moral psychology and the description of what it is to value something, or to think it immoral. His approach thus stands in marked contrast to the influential theories of John Rawls. The essays reprinted in (...)
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  6.  70
    Richard B. Brandt (1996). Facts, Values, and Morality. Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Brandt is one of the most influential moral philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. He is especially important in the field of ethics for his lucid and systematic exposition of utilitarianism. This new book represents in some ways a summation of his views and includes many useful applications of his theory. The focus of the book is how value judgments and moral belief can be justified. More generally, the book assesses different moral systems and theories (...)
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  7.  1
    Richard B. Brandt (1963). Moral Philosophy and the Analysis of Language. [Lawrence? Kan..
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 1963, given by Richard B. Brandt (1910-1997), an American philosopher.
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  8.  62
    Richard B. Brandt (1998). A Theory of the Good and the Right. Prometheus Books.
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  9.  71
    Paul C. Godfrey & Nile W. Hatch (2007). Researching Corporate Social Responsibility: An Agenda for the 21st Century. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):87-98.
    Corporate social responsibility is a tortured concept. We review the current state of the art across a number of academic disciplines, from accounting to management to theology. In a world that is increasingly global and pluralistic, progress in our understanding of CSR must include theorizing around the micro-level processes practicing managers engage in when allocating resources toward social initiatives, as well as refined measurement of the outcomes of those initiatives on stakeholder and shareholder interests. Scholarship must also account for the (...)
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  10. Karl- Werner Brandt (1986). New Social Movements as a Metapolitical Challenge: The Social and Political Impact of a New Historical Type of Protest. Thesis Eleven 15 (1):60-68.
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  11. R. B. Brandt (1972). Utilitarianism and the Rules of War. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (2):145-165.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  12. Richard B. Brandt (1955). The Definition of an "Ideal Observer" Theory in Ethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (3):407-413.
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  13.  36
    Vykinta Kligyte, Richard T. Marcy, Ethan P. Waples, Sydney T. Sevier, Elaine S. Godfrey, Michael D. Mumford & Dean F. Hougen (2008). Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):251-278.
    Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers’ integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers’ integrity (...)
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  14. Richard B. Brandt (1983). The Concept of a Moral Right and its Function. Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):29-45.
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  15.  27
    Richard B. Brandt (1959). Ethical Theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
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  16.  24
    Vykinta Kligyte, Richard T. Marcy, Sydney T. Sevier, Elaine S. Godfrey & Michael D. Mumford (2008). A Qualitative Approach to Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Training Development: Identification of Metacognitive Strategies. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):3-31.
    Although Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training is common in the sciences, the effectiveness of RCR training is open to question. Three key factors appear to be particularly important in ensuring the effectiveness of ethics education programs: (1) educational efforts should be tied to day-to-day practices in the field, (2) educational efforts should provide strategies for working through the ethical problems people are likely to encounter in day-to-day practice, and (3) educational efforts should be embedded in a broader program of (...)
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  17. Richard Brandt (1972). Rationality, Egoism, and Morality. Journal of Philosophy 64 (20):681-697.
  18. Richard B. Brandt (1969). A Utilitarian Theory of Excuses. Philosophical Review 78 (3):337-361.
    The article explains a rule-Utilitarian normative thesis about when actions are morally excused; that an act otherwise morally objectionable in some way is excused if a moral system, The acceptance of which in the agent's society would be utility-Maximizing, Would not condemn it. What is meant by a "moral system condemning" an action is explained. The parallel between this moral thesis and the benthamite theory of criminal justice is developed. It is argued that this rule-Utilitarian thesis implies that an action (...)
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  19. R. B. Brandt (1988). Fairness to Indirect Optimific Theories in Ethics. Ethics 98 (2):341-360.
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  20.  69
    Andrew J. Petto & Laurie R. Godfrey (2007). Why Teach Evolution. In A. J. Petto & L. R. Godfrey (eds.), Scientists Confront Intelligent Design and Creationism. Norton 405--41.
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  21. Richard B. Brandt (1944). The Significance of Differences of Ethical Opinion for Ethical Rationalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4 (4):469-495.
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  22. Richard B. Brandt (1950). The Emotive Theory of Ethics. Philosophical Review 59 (3):305-318.
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  23. Alan Rector, Sebastian Brandt, Nick Drummond, Matthew Horridge, Colin Pulestin & Robert Stevens (2012). Engineering Use Cases for Modular Development of Ontologies in OWL. Applied Ontology 7 (2):113-132.
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  24.  70
    Andreas Brandt (2013). Kay Herrmann: Apriori im Wandel. Für und wider eine kritische Metaphysik der Natur. Philosophische Rundschau 60 (3):252-256.
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  25. R. Brandt & Jaegwon Kim (1967). The Logic of the Identity Theory. Journal of Philosophy 66 (September):515-537.
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  26. Richard B. Brandt (1952). The Status of Empirical Assertion Theories in Ethics. Mind 61 (244):458-479.
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  27.  26
    Keri Brandt (2004). A Language of Their Own: An Interactionist Approach to Human-Horse Communication. Society and Animals 12 (4):299-316.
    This paper explores the process of human-horse communication using ethnographic data of in-depth interviews and participant observation. Guided by symbolic interactionism, the paper argues that humans and horses co-create a language system by way of the body to facilitate the creation of shared meaning. This research challenges the privileged status of verbal language and suggests that non-verbal communication and language systems of the body have their own unique complexities. This investigation of humanhorse communication offers new possibilities to understand the subjective (...)
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  28.  15
    Felix Brandt & Paul Harrenstein (2010). Characterization of Dominance Relations in Finite Coalitional Games. Theory and Decision 69 (2):233-256.
    McGarvey (Econometrica, 21(4), 608–610, 1953) has shown that any irreflexive and anti-symmetric relation can be obtained as a relation induced by majority rule. We address the analogous issue for dominance relations of finite cooperative games with non-transferable utility (coalitional NTU games). We find any irreflexive relation over a finite set can be obtained as the dominance relation of some finite coalitional NTU game. We also show that any such dominance relation is induced by a non-cooperative game through β-effectivity. Dominance relations (...)
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  29.  15
    S. DewhurSt, S. HolmeS, K. Brandt & G. Dean (2006). Measuring the Speed of the Conscious Components of Recognition Memory: Remembering is Faster Than Knowing. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):147-162.
    Three experiments investigated response times for remember and know responses in recognition memory. RTs to remember responses were faster than RTs to know responses, regardless of whether the remember–know decision was preceded by an old/new decision or was made without a preceding old/new decision . The finding of faster RTs for R responses was also found when remember–know decisions were made retrospectively. These findings are inconsistent with dual-process models of recognition memory, which predict that recollection is slower and more effortful (...)
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  30.  13
    Katharine V. Smith & Nelda S. Godfrey (2002). Being a Good Nurse and Doing the Right Thing: A Qualitative Study. Nursing Ethics 9 (3):301-312.
    Despite an abundance of theoretical literature on virtue ethics in nursing and health care, very little research has been carried out to support or refute the claims made. One such claim is that ethical nursing is what happens when a good nurse does the right thing. The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was therefore to examine nurses’ perceptions of what it means to be a good nurse and to do the right thing. Fifty-three nurses responded to two open-ended questions: (...)
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  31.  64
    R. B. Brandt (1984). Utilitarianism and Moral Rights. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):1 - 19.
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  32.  79
    R. B. Brandt (1964). The Concepts of Obligation and Duty. Mind 73 (291):374-393.
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  33. Richard Brandt (1967). Ethical Relativism. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan 3--75.
     
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  34.  3
    Christina Brandt (2005). Genetic Code, Text, and Scripture: Metaphors and Narration in German Molecular Biology. Science in Context 18 (4):629.
  35.  68
    Richard Brandt, Jaegwon Kim & Sidney Morgenbesser (1963). Wants as Explanations of Actions. Journal of Philosophy 60 (15):425-435.
    Some features of the concept of a want, and of the explaining relation in which a want may stand to an action, have not received sufficient attention. In what follows we shall offer some suggestions and descriptions which may be one step toward remedy of this situationi. We shall be at pains to point out the extent to which the features we describe fit in with a conception of the explanations of actions conforming to the inferential (deductive or inductive) and (...)
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  36. Reinhard Brandt (2008). Die Bestimmung des Menschen bei Kant (Georg Geismann). Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 61 (1):4.
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  37.  6
    Annett Juras, Janine Brockmeier, Vera Niedergesaess & Dietrich Brandt (2014). Trust and Team Development to Fight Chaos: Three Student Reports. AI and Society 29 (2):267-275.
    The world is increasingly developing towards complex and chaotic behaviour. Enterprises are challenged to establish flexible but trustworthy structures of doing business within global instability. We need to educate our students today for coping with such chaotic patterns in their professional future. As an example, the student-run Europe-wide organisation ESTIEM is offering the 2-week Summer Academy (SAC) to develop the communication skills corresponding. It also means among other aims to strengthen mutual trust through interaction of the students. In 2011, one (...)
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  38.  11
    Richard B. Brandt (1955). Ethical Judgment; the Use of Science in Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 52 (22):637-641.
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  39.  11
    Richard Brandt (1964). Freedom and Reason. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):139-150.
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  40.  7
    Reuven Brandt (2013). Why Disclosure of Genetic Ancestry in Misattributed Paternity Cases Should Be Treated Differently From Disclosure in Adoption and Gamete Donation. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):58-60.
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  41.  23
    Stefan Brandt (2014). How Not to Read Philosophical Investigations: McDowell and Goldfarb on Wittgenstein on Understanding. Philosophical Investigations 37 (4):289-311.
    In a recent article, John McDowell has criticised Warren Goldfarb for attributing an anti-realist conception of linguistic understanding to Wittgenstein. 1 I argue that McDowell is right to reject Goldfarb's anti- realism, but does so for the wrong reasons. I show that both Goldfarb's and McDowell's interpretations are vitiated by the fact that they do not pay attention to Wittgenstein's positive claims about understanding, in particular his claim that understanding is a kind of ability. The cause of this oversight lies (...)
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  42.  10
    Richard Brandt (1968). Morality and Utility. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 65 (18):544-550.
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  43. Joseph J. Godfrey (2012). Trust of People, Words, and God: A Route for Philosophy of Religion. University of Notre Dame Press.
    Imagining the route -- Four dimensions of trust -- Related approaches and the core of trusting -- Analogy and trust -- Ethics of trusting well -- Epistemology: believing-that and trusting -- Two ontological models -- Ontological models, security-trusting, openness-trusting, and mediation -- Cosmofiducial arguments and God -- Ontofiducial discernments and God -- Religious faith and trust.
     
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  44.  6
    Jared Brandt (2015). Socrates and His Daimonion: A Paragon of Rationality? Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):53-60.
    Socrates’ daimonion has intrigued philosophers for centuries. It seems to command Socrates’ unconditional compliance, despite its extra-rational nature. How does this fit with the common understanding of Socrates as the paragon of rationality? In this paper, I examine Socrates’ response to divinatory experience, concluding that his response to the daimonion is unique. He views its monitions as providing immediate and overriding reasons for action, whereas oracles and dreams are in need of interpretation. Then I explore recent attempts to rationalize Socrates’ (...)
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  45.  25
    Richard B. Brandt (1970). Traits of Character: A Conceptual Analysis. American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1):23 - 37.
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  46.  5
    Dietrich Brandt & Janko Cernetic (1998). Human-Centred Appraoches to Control and Information Technology: European Experiences. [REVIEW] AI and Society 12 (1-2):2-20.
    In this paper, the concept of Human-Centred Technology will be described with regard to the different dimensions of workplace, groupwork and networks and in terms of the frameworks of both society and the natural environment. These different aspects of Human-Centred Systems will be illustrated by a series of case studies representing several European countries. The report covers a wide range of research fields. The emphasis is on technology: the roles of control and information technology in enterprises today — including issues (...)
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  47.  50
    R. B. Brandt (1990). The Science of Man and Wide Reflective Equilibrium. Ethics 100 (2):259-278.
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  48.  38
    R. B. Brandt (1972). The Morality of Abortion. The Monist 56 (4):503-526.
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  49.  34
    R. B. Brandt (1991). Overvold on Self-Interest and Self-Sacrifice. Journal of Philosophical Research 16:353-363.
    In order to explain the idea that sacrifice involves voluntary diminution of the agent’s well-being, “well-being” must be explained. The thesis that an agent’s well-being just consists in the occurrence of events wanted is rejected. Overvold replaces it by the view that the motivating desires involve the existence of the agent, alive, at the time of their satisfaction. This view seems counterintuitive. The whole desire-satisfaction theory is to be rejected partly because we dont’t think an event worthwile if it is (...)
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  50.  68
    R. B. Brandt (1995). Conscience (Rule) Utilitarianism and the Criminal Law. Law and Philosophy 14 (1):65 - 89.
    A rule- utilitarian appraisal of criminal law requires that the total system, including punishments, is justified only if it will expectably maximize public benefit, including its stigmatizing some behaviors as "offenses" and its prescribed punishment of these, such as imprisonment, with (possible) deterrent effects. In view of the paucity of evidence about the deterrent effect of prison sentences, some changes seem to be in order: reduction in the length of incarceration, replacement of prison by fines or restrictions on the convicted (...)
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