Search results for 'Gordon Beavers' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gordon Beavers (1993). Automated Theorem Proving for Łukasiewicz Logics. Studia Logica 52 (2):183 - 195.score: 120.0
    This paper is concerned with decision proceedures for the 0-valued ukasiewicz logics,. It is shown how linear algebra can be used to construct an automated theorem checker. Two decision proceedures are described which depend on a linear programming package. An algorithm is given for the verification of consequence relations in, and a connection is made between theorem checking in two-valued logic and theorem checking in which implies that determing of a -free formula whether it takes the value one is NP-complete (...)
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  2. Robert Gordon, Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate Robert M. Gordon and John A. Barker.score: 120.0
    With this understanding, children are better able to anticipate the behavior of others and to attune their own behavior accordingly. In mentally retarded children with Down's syndrome, attainment of such competence is delayed, but it is generally acquired by the time they reach the mental age of 4, as measured by tests of nonverbal intelligence. Thus from a developmental perspective, attainment of the mental age of 4 appears to be of profound significance for acquisition of what we shall call psychological (...)
     
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  3. Edwin Gordon (1997). Edwin Gordon Responds. Philosophy of Music Education Review 5 (1).score: 120.0
     
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  4. Robert M. Gordon (1992). The Simulation Theory: Objections and Misconceptions. Mind and Language 7 (1-2):11-34.score: 90.0
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  5. Lewis R. Gordon (ed.) (1997). Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black Existential Philosophy. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Existence in Black is the first collective statement on the subject of Africana Philosophy of Existence. Drawing upon resources in Africana philosophy and literature, the contributors explore some of the central themes of Existentialism as posed by the context of what Frantz Fanon has identified as "the lived-experience of the black." Among questions posed and explored in the volume are: What is to be done in a world of near universal sense of superiority to, if not universal hatred of, black (...)
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  6. Robert M. Gordon (1987). The Structure of Emotions: Investigations in Cognitive Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    The Structure of Emotions argues that emotion concepts should have a much more important role in the social and behavioural sciences than they now enjoy, and shows that certain influential psychological theories of emotions overlook the explanatory power of our emotion concepts. Professor Gordon also outlines a new account of the nature of commonsense (or ‘folk’) psychology in general.
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  7. Lewis R. Gordon (2008). An Introduction to Africana Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    In this undergraduate textbook Lewis R. Gordon offers the first comprehensive treatment of Africana philosophy, beginning with the emergence of an Africana (i.e. African diasporic) consciousness in the Afro-Arabic world of the Middle Ages. He argues that much of modern thought emerged out of early conflicts between Islam and Christianity that culminated in the expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula, and from the subsequent expansion of racism, enslavement, and colonialism which in their turn stimulated reflections on reason, (...)
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  8. Mordechai Gordon (2011). Listening as Embracing the Other: Martin Buber's Philosophy of Dialogue. Educational Theory 61 (2):207-219.score: 60.0
    In this essay, Mordechai Gordon interprets Martin Buber's ideas on dialogue, presence, and especially his notion of embracing in an attempt to shed some light on Buber's understanding of listening. Gordon argues that in order to understand Buber's conception of listening, one needs to examine this concept in the context of his philosophy of dialogue. More specifically, his contention is that closely examining Buber's notion of embracing the other is critical to making sense of his conception of listening. (...)
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  9. Anthony F. Beavers, Could and Should the Ought Disappear From Ethics?score: 60.0
    In his 1961 monograph, Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority , the late phenomenologist, Emmanuel Levinas, noted that “everyone will readily agree that it is of the highest importance to know whether we are not duped by morality” (1961/1969, p. 21). What follows thereafter is an extensive attempt to ground a quasi-Kantian existential ethics based on interpersonal, face to face, relations (Beavers 2001). That philosophy should invite such an attempt already signifies that we might be in trouble where (...)
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  10. Lewis R. Gordon (2000). Existentia Africana: Understanding Africana Existential Thought. Routledge.score: 60.0
    The intellectual history of the last quarter of this century has been marked by the growing influence of Africana thought--an area of philosophy that focuses on issues raised by the struggle over ideas in African cultures and their hybrid forms in Europe, the Americas, and the Caribbean. Existentia Africana is an engaging and highly readable introduction to the field of Africana philosophy and will help to define this rapidly growing field. Lewis R. Gordon clearly explains Africana existential thought to (...)
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  11. J. Beavers (2011). An Aspectual Analysis of Ditransitive Verbs of Caused Possession in English. Journal of Semantics 28 (1):1-54.score: 60.0
    In this article I examine ditransitive verbs that can describe caused possession (e.g. give, throw, send) by looking at their lexical aspectual properties, a methodology that has proved fruitful for the exploration of (in)transitive verbs. I show that as a whole these ditransitives share a number of aspectual properties in common with (in)transitive verbs of change of state and motion, suggesting a single shared underlying analysis, which I outline in terms of the scalar analysis of change of Beavers (forthcoming (...)
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  12. Lewis Gordon (1995). Fanon and the Crisis of European Man: An Essay on Philosophy and the Human Sciences. Routledge.score: 60.0
    As the first book to analyze the work of Fanon as an existential-phenomenological of human sciences and liberation philosopher, Gordon deploys Fanon's work to illuminate how the "bad faith" of European science and civilization have philosophically stymied the project of liberation. Fanon's body of work serves as a critique of European science and society, and shows the ways in which the project of "truth" is compromised by Eurocentric artificially narrowed scope of humanity--a circumstance to which he refers as the (...)
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  13. Robert M. Gordon (1986). Folk Psychology as Simulation. Mind and Language 1 (2):158-71.score: 30.0
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  14. Robert M. Gordon & Joe Cruz (2002). Simulation Theory. In L. Nagel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.score: 30.0
    What is the simulation theory? Arguments for simulation theory Simulation theory versus theory theory Simulation theory and cognitive science Versions of simulation theory A possible test of the simulation theory.
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  15. Anthony F. Beavers (2009). The Phenomenological Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science. Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):533-537.score: 30.0
    The Phenomenological Mind, by Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi, is part of a recent initiative to show that phenomenology, classically conceived as the tradition inaugurated by Edmund Husserl and not as mere introspection, contributes something important to cognitive science. (For other examples, see “References” below.) Phenomenology, of course, has been a part of cognitive science for a long time. It implicitly informs the works of Andy Clark (e.g. 1997) and John Haugeland (e.g. 1998), and Hubert Dreyfus explicitly uses it (e.g. (...)
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  16. Jeffrey Gordon (1984). Nagel or Camus on the Absurd? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (1):15-28.score: 30.0
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  17. Robert M. Gordon, Folk Psychology As Mental Simulation. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    by, or is otherwise relevant to the seminar "Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds," a National.
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  18. Robert M. Gordon (2008). Beyond Mindreading. Philosophical Explorations 11 (3):219 – 222.score: 30.0
    I argue that there is no conflict between the simulation theory, once it is freed from certain constraints carried over from theory theory, and Gallagher's view that our primary and pervasive way of engaging with others rests on 'direct', non-mentalizing perception of the 'meanings' of others' facial expressions, gestures, and intentional actions.
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  19. Anthony F. Beavers, Between Angels and Animals: The Question of Robot Ethics, or is Kantian Moral Agency Desirable?score: 30.0
    In this paper, I examine a variety of agents that appear in Kantian ethics in order to determine which would be necessary to make a robot a genuine moral agent. However, building such an agent would require that we structure into a robot’s behavioral repertoire the possibility for immoral behavior, for only then can the moral law, according to Kant, manifest itself as an ought, a prerequisite for being able to hold an agent morally accountable for its actions. Since (...)
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  20. Robert M. Gordon (2007). Ascent Routines for Propositional Attitudes. Synthese 159 (2):151 - 165.score: 30.0
    An ascent routine (AR) allows a speaker to self-ascribe a given propositional attitude (PA) by redeploying the process that generates a corresponding lower level utterance. Thus, we may report on our beliefs about the weather by reporting (under certain constraints) on the weather. The chief criticism of my AR account of self-ascription, by Alvin Goldman and others, is that it covers few if any PA’s other than belief and offers no account of how we can attain reliability in identifying our (...)
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  21. Craig D. Murray & Michael S. Gordon (2001). Changes in Bodily Awareness Induced by Immersive Virtual Reality. CyberPsychology and Behavior 4 (3):365-371.score: 30.0
  22. Robert M. Gordon (1996). Sympathy, Simulation, and the Impartial Spectator. In L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.), Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science. MIT Press. 727-742.score: 30.0
  23. Tony Beavers, Introducing Levinas to Undergraduate Philosophers.score: 30.0
    The question of the source of the moral "ought" is no small question, nor is it unimportant. Our own philosophical tradition has dealt with the question in several ways producing a variety of answers. Some of these include locating the "ought" in the structure of reason (Kant), in the human being's desire for pleasure (Utilitarianism), or in the will of God (Aquinas). The reason why the question is so important is because different conceptions of the source of the moral (...)
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  24. Jeffrey Gordon (1997). Kurosawa's Existential Masterpiece: A Mediation on the Meaning of Life. [REVIEW] Human Studies 20 (2):137-151.score: 30.0
    In the first part of the paper, I try to clarify the cluster of moods and questions we refer to generically as the problem of the meaning of life. I propose that the question of meaning emerges when we perform a spontaneous transcendental reduction on the phenomenon my life, a reduction that leaves us confronting an unjustified and unjustifiable curiosity. In Part 2, I turn to the film ikiru, Kurosawa''s masterpiece of 1952, for an existentialist resolution of the problem.
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  25. Tony Beavers, Emmanuel Levinas and the Prophetic Voice of Postmodernity.score: 30.0
    Without a doubt, Levinas' principal concern in philosophy is how the self meets the Other. His magnum opus, Totality and Infinity, bears the subtitle, An Essay on Exterior- ity. Exteriority refers to a region beyond the horizons of the self, that which "is" beyond transcendental subjectivity. If there are such "beings" as other selves, that is, other subjects, they exist out there in the exterior. But if knowledge is confined to the interior—as Levinas says it must be—then the Other cannot (...)
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  26. Robert Gordon, Consciousness, Folk Psychology, and Cognitive Science.score: 30.0
    This paper supports the basic integrity of the folk psychological conception of consciousness and its importance in cognitive theorizing. Section 1 critically examines some proposed definitions of consciousness, and argues that the folk- psychological notion of phenomenal consciousness is not captured by various functional-relational definitions. Section 2 rebuts the arguments of several writers who challenge the very existence of phenomenal consciousness, or the coherence or tenability of the folk-psychological notion of awareness. Section 3 defends a significant role for phenomenal consciousness (...)
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  27. Ḥayim Gordon (2001). The Heidegger-Buber Controversy: The Status of the I-Thou. Greenwood Press.score: 30.0
    Machine generated contents note: PART I: HEIDEGGER'S FUNDAMENTAL -- ONTOLOGY OF DASEIN -- Section A: Being and Time -- 1 Dasein and the World -- 2 Dasein's Being-in, Care, and Truth -- 3 Dasein and Temporality -- Section B: Heidegger's Rejection of the I-Thou -- 4 Phenomenology and Dasein -- 5 Heidegger's First Critique of the I-Thou -- 6 The I-Thou in Heidegger's Study of Kant -- 7 Metaphysics and Logic -- PART II: BUBER'S I-THOU -- Section A: I and (...)
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  28. Jeffrey Gordon (2008). The Triumph of Sisyphus. Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 183-190.score: 30.0
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  29. Tony Beavers, Descartes Beyond Transcendental Phenomenology.score: 30.0
    Most students of philosophy, at one time or another, have worked through Descartes' Meditations and witnessed this reduction of the world to the res cogitans and consequent attempt to recover the real, or extra-mental, world through proofs for God's existence and divine veracity. Whatever our final assessment of the validity and soundness of these proofs may be, there can be no doubt that the judgment of history is that they fail, leaving Descartes' conception of the self forever confined to the (...)
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  30. Anthony F. Beavers (2002). Phenomenology and Artificial Intelligence. Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):70-82.score: 30.0
    In CyberPhilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing, edited by James H. Moor and Terrell Ward Bynum (Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2002), 66-77. Also in Metaphilosophy 33.1/2 (2002): 70-82.
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  31. Joy Gordon (1999). A Peaceful, Silent, Deadly Remedy: The Ethics of Economic Sanctions. Ethics and International Affairs 13 (1):123–142.score: 30.0
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  32. Ḥayim Gordon (2004). Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: A Basis for Sharing the Earth. Praeger.score: 30.0
    Presents the basis of Merleau-Ponty's ontology, as presented in his book Phenomology of Perception, and shows how it can help provide humans with a foundation ...
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  33. Robert M. Gordon (1995). Sympathy, Simulation, and the Impartial Spectator. Ethics 105 (4):727-742.score: 30.0
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  34. Anthony F. Beavers (2011). Noesis and the Encyclopedic Internet Vision. Synthese 182 (2):315 - 333.score: 30.0
    Noesis is an Internet search engine dedicated to mapping the profession of philosophy online. In this paper, I recount the history of the project's development since 1998 and discuss the role it may play in representing philosophy optimally, adequately, fairly, and accessibly. Unlike many other representations of philosophy, Noesis is dynamic in the sense that it constantly changes and inclusive in the sense that it lets the profession speak for itself about what philosophy is, how it is practiced, and why (...)
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  35. John-stewart Gordon, Oliver Rauprich & Jochen Vollmann (2011). Applying the Four-Principle Approach. Bioethics 25 (6):293-300.score: 30.0
    The four-principle approach to biomedical ethics is used worldwide by practitioners and researchers alike but it is rather unclear what exactly people do when they apply this approach. Ranking, specification, and balancing vary greatly among different people regarding a particular case. Thus, a sound and coherent applicability of principlism seems somewhat mysterious. What are principlists doing? The article examines the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the applicability of this approach. The most important result is that a sound and comprehensible application (...)
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  36. David Gordon (1984). Is the Prisoner's Dilemma an Insoluble Problem? Mind 93 (369):98-100.score: 30.0
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  37. Anthony F. Beavers, Noesis: Philosophical Research Online: An Experiment in Progress.score: 30.0
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  38. Robert M. Gordon (1969). Emotions and Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 66 (July):408-413.score: 30.0
  39. Robert M. Gordon (1986). The Passivity of Emotions. Philosophical Review 95 (July):339-60.score: 30.0
  40. Joy Gordon (1996). Liberation Theology as Critical Theory: The Notion of the 'Privileged Perspective'. Philosophy and Social Criticism 22 (5):85-102.score: 30.0
    One of the central issues in political philosophy is the problem of perspective: if there is a dispute as to how justice is to be defined, or a dispute as to whether a particular situation is unjust, how do we determine who is right? I reject the claim that an idealized speech situation or a transcendental perspective can legitimately be invoked to resolve such disputes. In their place, I discuss critical theory's commitment to the position that all perspectives are ideo (...)
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  41. Lewis R. Gordon (2008). Not Always Enslaved, yet Not Quite Free: Philosophical Challenges From the Underside of the New World. Philosophia 36 (2):151-166.score: 30.0
    This article is the keynote address of the University of the West Indies at Cave Hill, Barbados, philosophy symposium in celebration of the 200th Anniversary of the British outlawing the Atlantic Slave Trade. The paper explores questions of enslavement and freedom through challenges of philosophical anthropology, philosophy of social change, and metacritical reflections posed by African Diasporic or Africana philosophy. Such challenges include the relevance and legitimacy of philosophical reflection to the lives of racialized slaves and concludes with a discussion (...)
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  42. David Gordon (1984). Special Relativity and the Location of Mental Events. Analysis 44 (June):126-127.score: 30.0
  43. Robert M. Gordon (1973). Judgmental Emotions. Analysis 34 (December):40-48.score: 30.0
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  44. Colin Allen & Tony Beavers (2011). Synthese Special Issue: Representing Philosophy. Synthese 182 (2):181-183.score: 30.0
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  45. Denis Cormier, Irene M. Gordon & Michel Magnan (2004). Corporate Environmental Disclosure: Contrasting Management's Perceptions with Reality. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 49 (2):143-165.score: 30.0
    This paper's purpose is to assess how management's perceptions regarding certain aspects of environmental reporting relate to the firm's actual reporting strategy. Toward that end, we propose a model where a firm's environmental disclosure is conditional upon executive assessments of corporate concerns. The study relies on a survey that was sent to environmental management executives from European and North American multinational firms enquiring about the determinants of corporate environmental disclosure. Responses from these executives were then contrasted with their firms' actual (...)
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  46. Malcolm S. Gordon (1999). The Concept of Monophyly: A Speculative Essay. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):331-348.score: 30.0
    The concept of monophyly is central to much of modern biology. Despite many efforts over many years, important questions remain unanswered that relate both to the concept itself and to its various applications. This essay focuses primarily on four of these: i) Is it possible to define monophyly operationally, specifically with respect to both the structures of genomes and at the levels of the highest phylogenetic categories (kingdoms, phyla, classes)? ii) May the mosaic and chimeric structures of genomes be sufficiently (...)
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  47. Neve Gordon (2002). On Visibility and Power: An Arendtian Corrective of Foucault. [REVIEW] Human Studies 25 (2):125-145.score: 30.0
    Freedom, conceived ontologically, is power's condition of possibility. Yet, considering that the subject's interests and identity are constantly shaped, one still has to explain how – theoretically speaking – individuals can resist control. This is precisely the issue I address in the following pages. Following a brief overview of Foucault's contribution to our understanding of power, I turn to discuss the role of visibility vis-à-vis control, and show how the development of disciplinary techniques reversed the visibility of power. While Foucault (...)
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  48. Jaak Panksepp, Nakia Gordon & Jeff Burgdorf (2001). Empathy and the Action-Perception Resonances of Basic Socio-Emotional Systems of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):43-44.score: 30.0
    Mammalian brains contain a variety of self-centered socio-emotional systems. An understanding of how they interact with more recent cognitive structures may be essential for understanding empathy. Preston & de Waal have neglected this vast territory of proximal brain issues in their analysis.
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  49. John-Stewart Gordon, Moral Egalitarianism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  50. Ḥayim Gordon (ed.) (1999). Dictionary of Existentialism. Greenwood Press.score: 30.0
    Alphabetical entries summarizing philosophers and tenets of existentialism.
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