Search results for 'Gower Street' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robyn Carston & Gower Street, Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction.
    Most people working on linguistic meaning or communication assume that semantics and pragmatics are distinct domains, yet there is still little consensus on how the distinction is to be drawn. The position defended in this paper is that the semantics/pragmatics distinction holds between (context-invariant) encoded linguistic meaning and speaker meaning. Two other ‘minimalist’ positions on semantics are explored and found wanting: Kent Bach’s view that there is a narrow semantic notion of context which is responsible for providing semantic values for (...)
     
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  2. Robyn Carston & Gower Street, The Relationship Between Generative Grammar and (Relevance-Theoretic) Pragmatics.
    The generative grammar approach to language seeks a fully explicit account of the modular systems of knowledge (competence) that underlies the human language capacity. Similarly, the relevance-theoretic approach to pragmatics attempts an explicit characterisation of the sub-personal systems involved in utterance interpretation. As an on-line performance system, however, it is subject to certain additional constraints; this is demonstrated by the way in which matters of computational (processing effort) economy are currently employed in the two types of theory. A sub-module of (...)
     
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  3. Michael Lipsky, Jeffrey Manditch Prottas, David Street, Georte T. Martin, Laura Kramer & Noel Timms (1983). Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services. Ethics 93 (3):588-595.
     
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  4.  2
    J. Harris & W. H. Brock (2006). From Giessen to Gower Street: Towards a Biography of Alexander William Williamson (1824–1904). Annals of Science 31 (2):95-130.
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  5. Sharon Street (2006). A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value. Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.
  6. Sharon Street (2008). Constructivism About Reasons. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 3:207-45.
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  7. Sharon Street (2010). What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics? Philosophy Compass 5 (5):363-384.
    Most agree that when it comes to so-called 'first-order' normative ethics and political philosophy, constructivist views are a powerful family of positions. When it comes to metaethics, however, there is serious disagreement about what, if anything, constructivism has to contribute. In this paper I argue that constructivist views in ethics include not just a family of substantive normative positions, but also a distinct and highly attractive metaethical view. I argue that the widely accepted 'proceduralist characterization' of constructivism in ethics is (...)
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  8. Rudy Giuliani & Wall Street (2005). It's the Economy, Stupid. Journal of Libertarian Studies 19 (4):19-36.
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  9. Sharon Street (2008). Reply to Copp: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Varieties of Realism Worth Worrying About. Philosophical Issues 18 (1):207-228.
  10. Sharon Street (2009). In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):273-298.
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  11. Tony Street (2014). Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert (Philosophy in the Islamic World, Volume 1, Eighth to Tenth Centuries) Edited by Ulrich Rudolph, with the Assistance of Renate Würsch (Review). [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 64 (2):515-517.
    Philosophie in der Islamischen Welt, Band 1, 8.-10. Jahrhundert, edited by Ulrich Rudolph, is the first in a series of four volumes devoted to the history of philosophy in the Islamic world from earliest times down to today.1 Part of a larger project that has been under way, in one way or another, for 150 years, this volume marks an epochal moment in the study of Arabic philosophy. Never before in the field has there been a summary exposition so comprehensive, (...)
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  12. Sharon Street (2009). Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (sup1):213-248.
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  13. Sharon Street (2011). Mind-Independence Without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have It Both Ways. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:1-32.
  14.  91
    Sharon Street (2012). Coming to Terms with Contingency : Humean Constructivism About Practical Reason. In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press
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  15.  41
    Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines (2008). The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387 - 399.
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
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  16.  27
    Marc Street & Vera L. Street (2006). The Effects of Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):343 - 356.
    Although scholars have invoked the escalation framework as a means of explaining the occurrence of numerous organizationally undesirable behaviors on the part of decision makers, to date no empirical research on the potential influences of escalating commitment on the likelihood of unethical behavior at the individual level of analysis has been reported in either the escalation or the ethical decision-making literatures. Thus, the main purpose of this project is to provide a theoretical foundation and empirical support for the contention (...)
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  17. Barry Gower (2000). Cassirer, Schlick and 'Structural' Realism: The Philosophy of the Exact Sciences in the Background to Early Logical Empiricism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):71 – 106.
  18.  60
    Barry Gower (1997). Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction. Routledge.
    The results, conclusions and claims of science are often taken to be reliable because they arise from the use of a distinctive method. Yet today, there is widespread skepticism as to whether we can validly talk of method in modern science. This outstanding survey explains how this controversy has developed since the 17th century, and explores its philosophical basis.
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  19.  5
    Sharon Street (2006). A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value. Philosophical Studies 127 (1):109-166.
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  20.  96
    Barry Gower (1989). Corroboration Versus Borrocoration. Analysis 49 (1):8 - 10.
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  21. Barry Gower (1991). Hume on Probability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (1):1-19.
  22.  51
    Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger (1997). Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  23. Barry Gower (2012). Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction. Routledge.
    The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical certainty of the conclusions drawn. These debates brought to light issues of a philosophical nature which form the core of many scientific controversies today. _Scientific Method: A Historical and (...)
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  24.  6
    Erik Nord, Andrew Street, Jeff Richardson, Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (1996). The Significance of Age and Duration of Effect in Social Evaluation of Health Care. Health Care Analysis 4 (2):103-111.
    To give priority to the young over the elderly has been labelled ‘ageism’. People who express ‘ageist’ preferences may feel that, all else equal, an individual has greater right to enjoy additional life years the fewer life years he or she has already had. We shall refer to this asegalitarian ageism. They may also emphasise the greater expected duration of health benefits in young people that derives from their greater life expectancy. We may call thisutilitarian ageism. Both these forms of (...)
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  25.  88
    Tony Street, Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  26.  26
    Tony Street (2010). Appendix: Readings of the Subject Term. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (1):119-124.
  27.  15
    Daniel C. Richardson, Chris Nh Street & Joanne Tan (2010). Joint Perception: Gaze and Beliefs About Social Context. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  28.  2
    Mary C. Politi & Richard L. Street (2011). The Importance of Communication in Collaborative Decision Making: Facilitating Shared Mind and the Management of Uncertainty. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):579-584.
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  29.  1
    Anne Mason & Andrew Street (2006). Publishing Outcome Data: Is It an Effective Approach? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):37-48.
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  30.  2
    Elizabeth Manias & Annette Street (2000). Possibilities for Critical Social Theory and Foucault's Work: A Toolbox Approach. Nursing Inquiry 7 (1):50-60.
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  31. Marc Street & Vera L. Street (2006). The Effects of Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):343-356.
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  32.  24
    Barry Gower (1973). Speculation in Physics: The History and Practice of Naturphilosophie. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (4):301-356.
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  33.  34
    Tony Street (1995). Tūsī on Avicenna's Logical Connectives∗. History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):257-268.
    T?s?, a thirteenth century logician writing in Arabic, uses two logical connectives to build up molecular propositions: ?if-then?, and ?either-or?. By referring to a dichotomous Tree, T?s? shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts. He also discusses the disjunctive propositions which follow from a conditional proposition.
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  34.  17
    Linda L. Street & Jason B. Luoma (2002). Control Groups in Psychosocial Intervention Research: Ethical and Methodological Issues. Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):1 – 30.
    This article summarizes a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) workshop that was convened to address the ethical and methodological issues that arise when conducting controlled psychosocial interventions research and introduces 6 thoughtful and inspiring papers prepared by workshop participants. These papers, on topics ranging from informed consent to ethnic minority issues, reflect the depth and breadth of expertise represented by the multidisciplinary group of scientists and ethicists present at the meeting. More extensive follow-up, particularly from federal research applications and (...)
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  35.  41
    Tony Street (2002). An Outline of Avicennas Syllogistic. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (2):129-160.
  36.  32
    Tony Street (2000). Avicenna and Tusi on the Contradiction and Conversion of the Absolute. History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):45-56.
    Avicenna (d. 1037) and T?s? (d. 1274) have different doctrines on the contradiction and conversion of the absolute proposition. Following Avicenna's presentation of the doctrine in Pointers and reminders, and comparing it with what is given in T?s?'s commentary, allow us to pinpoint a major reason why Avicenna and T?s? have different treatments of the modal syllogistic. Further comparison shows that the syllogistic system Rescher described in his research on Arabic logic more nearly fits T?s? than Avicenna. This in turn (...)
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  37.  32
    Tony Street (2001). “The Eminent Later Scholar” in Avicenna's Book of the Syllogism. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 11 (2):205-218.
    Avicenna refers on a number of occasions in his Book of the Syllogism to “the eminent later scholar” . At least three recent studies have argued or assumed that this eminent later scholar is Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued in this article that Avicenna is in fact referring to Alfarabi. This has consequences for reconstructing the lost first part of Alfarabi's Great Commentary on the Prior Analytics , for highlighting certain aspects of Alfarabi's logical doctrines, and for understanding more (...)
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  38. Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines (2008). The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387-399.
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  39.  5
    Tony Street (2004). Arabic Logic. In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier 1--523.
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  40.  13
    Barry Gower (1973). Martin on Explanation and Confirmation. Analysis 33 (3):107 - 109.
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  41.  10
    K. Street (2000). The Decision Making Process Regarding the Withdrawal or Withholding of Potential Life-Saving Treatments in a Children's Hospital. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):346-352.
    Objectives—To investigate the factors considered by staff, and the practicalities involved in the decision making process regarding the withdrawal or withholding of potential life-sustaining treatment in a children's hospital. To compare our current practice with that recommended by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health guidelines, published in 1997.Design—A prospective, observational study using self-reported questionnaires.Setting—Tertiary paediatric hospital.Patients and participants—Consecutive patients identified during a six-month period, about whom a formal discussion took place between medical staff, nursing staff and family regarding (...)
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  42.  27
    O. S. L. Gower (2008). Why Is There an Autobiography in the Phaedo? Ancient Philosophy 28 (2):329-346.
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  43. Annette F. Street (2004). Ask Your Doctor: The Construction of Smoking in Advertising Posters Produced in 1946 and 2004. Nursing Inquiry 11 (4):226-237.
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  44.  4
    O. S. L. Gower (2008). Why Is There an Autobiography in the Phaedo? Ancient Philosophy 28 (2):329-346.
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  45.  28
    Emma Tobin (2012). The Theory of Everything? Metascience 21 (1):65-69.
    The theory of everything? Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9527-3 Authors Emma Tobin, Science and Technology Studies, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  46.  4
    B. S. Gower (1997). Henri Poincaré and Bruno de Finetti: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):657-679.
    In his account of probable reasoning, Poincaré used the concept, or at least the language, of conventions. In particular, he claimed that the prior probabilities essential for inverse probable reasoning are determined conventionally. This paper investigates, in the light of Poincaré's well known claim about the conventionality of metric geometry, what this could mean, and how it is related to other views about the determination of prior probabilities. Particular attention is paid to the similarities and differences between Poincaré's conventionalism as (...)
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  47.  26
    John Street (2007). Breaking the Silence: Music's Role in Political Thought and Action. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 10 (3):321-337.
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  48. Barry Gower & Michael C. Stokes (1992). Socratic Questions New Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates and its Significance.
     
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  49.  4
    Jeffrey D. Gower (2015). The Sovereign and the Exile. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):311-328.
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  50.  21
    B. Gower (1997). Review. Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach. Colin Howson, Peter Urbach. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (1):126-131.
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