Search results for 'Grade inflation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  24
    Donald Crumbley, Ronald Flinn & Kenneth Reichelt (2010). What is Ethical About Grade Inflation and Coursework Deflation? Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):187-197.
    Recent research questions the validity of student evaluation of teaching (SET) data to measure teaching and learning. Yet, there is extensive use of this instrument around the world, which arguably contributes to a decline in the rigor of college classes. This performance measurement has lead to both unethical grade inflation and coursework deflation as faculty try to entertain students rather than educating them. These unethical teaching techniques used by many faculties are on the same plane as the unethical (...)
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  2.  23
    Kenneth J. Reichelt (2010). What is Ethical About Grade Inflation and Coursework Deflation? Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):187-197.
    Recent research questions the validity of student evaluation of teaching (SET) data to measure teaching and learning. Yet, there is extensive use of this instrument around the world, which arguably contributes to a decline in the rigor of college classes. This performance measurement has lead to both unethical grade inflation and coursework deflation as faculty try to entertain students rather than educating them. These unethical teaching techniques used by many faculties are on the same plane as the unethical (...)
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  3.  5
    Allen J. Schuh (1983). Grade Inflation as a Legitimate Response to the Unreliability of Teacher-Made Tests for University-Level Coursework. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (3):209-212.
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  4.  7
    Rodney C. Roberts (2016). Are Some of the Things Faculty Do to Maximize Their Student Evaluation of Teachers Scores Unethical? Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (2):133-148.
    This paper provides a philosophical analysis of some of the things faculty do to maximize their Student Evaluation of Teachers scores. It examines 28 practices that are claimed to be unethical methods for maximizing SET scores. The paper offers an argument concerning the morality of each behavior and concludes that 13 of the 28 practices suggest unethical behavior. The remaining 15 behaviors are morally permissible.
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  5.  14
    Christopher Knapp (2007). Assessing Grading. Public Affairs Quarterly 21 (3):275-294.
    This paper begins with a description of common grading practices at universities in the U.S., and analyzes the unfairness, injustice, and harm they produce. It then proposes a solution to these problems in the form of an alternative grading system: institutions should adopt a grading system that assesses students’ performance relative to the performance of their peers. That is, institutions should abolish the practice of attempting to assign grades that correspond to an absolute standard of intrinsic merit. Instead, our evaluation (...)
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  6. Richard Burnor (2011). Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases. Oxford University Press.
    Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion. Each chapter of Ethical Choices also includes compelling case studies that are carefully matched with the (...)
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  7.  15
    Daniel Burston (2010). Authority, Effectiveness and Teaching In the Postmodern University. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 17 (2):12-24.
    The decline of the Liberal Arts in the 21st century is rooted in late 20th century trends, including grade inflation, the decline of rational authority, the rise of anonymous authority, and consumerism, which abets the tendency to elevate the pursuit of students' "self-esteem" above scholarly rigor. While the Left and the Right are apt to blame their ideological opponents, both share some responsibility for this state of affairs, which can only be remedied if they own up to their (...)
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  8.  3
    Christopher A. Pynes (2014). Seven Arguments Against Extra Credit. Teaching Philosophy 37 (2):191-214.
    Overwhelmingly, students desire the opportunity to earn extra credit because they want higher grades, and many professors offer extra credit be­cause they want to motivate students. In this paper, I define the purposes of both grading and extra credit and offer three traditional arguments for making extra credit assignments available. I follow with seven arguments against the use of extra credit that include unnecessary extra work, grade inflation, and ultimately paradox. I finish with an example of a case (...)
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  9.  3
    Harry Torrance (2011). Using Assessment to Drive the Reform of Schooling: Time to Stop Pursuing the Chimera? British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (4):459 - 485.
    Internationally, over the last 20-30 years, changing the procedures and processes of assessment has come to be seen, by many educators as well as policy-makers, as a way to frame the curriculum and drive the reform of schooling. Such developments have often been manifested in large scale, high stakes testing programmes. At the same time educational arguments have been made about the need to provide students with good quality formative feedback, and informative reports about what they have achieved. The chimera (...)
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  10. Richard Burnor & Yvonne Raley (2010). Ethical Choices. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion.Each chapter of Ethical Choices also includes compelling case studies that are carefully matched with the theoretical (...)
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  11. Examples From Grade (2000). Oral and Written Communication for Promoting Mathematical. In Ian Westbury, Stefan Hopmann & Kurt Riquarts (eds.), Teaching as a Reflective Practice: The German Didaktik Tradition. L. Erlbaum Associates
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  12. Nicolás F. Lori & Alex H. Blin (2010). Application of Quantum Darwinism to Cosmic Inflation: An Example of the Limits Imposed in Aristotelian Logic by Information-Based Approach to Gödel's Incompleteness. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 15 (2):199-211.
    Gödel’s incompleteness applies to any system with recursively enumerable axioms and rules of inference. Chaitin’s approach to Gödel’s incompleteness relates the incompleteness to the amount of information contained in the axioms. Zurek’s quantum Darwinism attempts the physical description of the universe using information as one of its major components. The capacity of quantum Darwinism to describe quantum measurement in great detail without requiring ad-hoc non-unitary evolution makes it a good candidate for describing the transition from quantum to classical. A baby-universe (...)
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  13.  4
    Maxim V. Eingorn & Vitaliy D. Rusov (2015). Inflation Due to Quantum Potential. Foundations of Physics 45 (8):875-882.
    In the framework of a cosmological model of the Universe filled with a nonrelativistic particle soup, we easily reproduce inflation due to the quantum potential. The lightest particles in the soup serve as a driving force of this simple, natural and promising mechanism. It is explicitly demonstrated that the appropriate choice of their mass and fraction leads to reasonable numbers of e-folds. Thus, the direct introduction of the quantum potential into cosmology of the earliest Universe gives ample opportunities of (...)
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  14.  36
    Peter Mark Ainsworth (2008). Cosmic Inflation and the Past Hypothesis. Synthese 162 (2):157-165.
    The past hypothesis is that the entropy of the universe was very low in the distant past. It is put forward to explain the entropic arrow of time but it has been suggested. The emperor’s new mind. London:Vintage Books; Penrose, R.. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 571, 249–264; Price, H.. In S. F. Savitt, Times’s arrows today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Price, H.. Time’s arrow and Archimedes’ point. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Price, H.. In C. Hitchcock, Contemporary (...)
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  15.  9
    Marion Lahutte-Auboin, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Pierre Françoise, Jean-Noël Vallée & Robert Costalat (2013). On a Minimal Model for Hemodynamics and Metabolism of Lactate: Application to Low Grade Glioma and Therapeutic Strategies. Acta Biotheoretica 61 (1):79-89.
    WHO II low grade glioma evolves inevitably to anaplastic transformation. Magnetic resonance imaging is a good non-invasive way to watch it, by hemodynamic and metabolic modifications, thanks to multinuclear spectroscopy 1H/31P. In this work we study a multi-scale minimal model of hemodynamics and metabolism applied to the study of gliomas. This mathematical analysis leads us to a fast-slow system. The control of the position of the stationary point brings to the concept of domain of viability. Starting from this system, (...)
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  16.  2
    Dr Ronald N. Kostoff, Dustin Johnson, J. Antonio Del Rio, Louis A. Bloomfield, Michael F. Shlesinger, Guido Malpohl & Hector D. Cortes (2006). Duplicate Publication and 'Paper Inflation' in the Fractals Literature. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):543-554.
    The similarity of documents in a large database of published Fractals articles was examined for redundancy. Three different text matching techniques were used on publisheds to identify redundancy candidates, and predictions were verified by reading full text versions of the redundancy candidate articles. A small fraction of the total articles in the database was judged to be redundant. This was viewed as a lower limit, because it excluded cases where the concepts remained the same, but the text was altered substantially.Far (...)
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  17.  1
    Peter Andras PhD & Bruce G. Charlton Md (2002). Democratic Deficit and Communication Hyper‐Inflation in Health Care Systems. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (3):291-297.
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  18.  3
    William B. Stanley (1985). Kindergarten and First Grade Children's Social Concept Development. Journal of Social Studies Research 9 (1):1-16.
  19.  2
    R. P. J. Perazzo, S. L. Reich, J. Schvarzer & M. A. Virasoro (1997). Dynamical Models in Economics: The Case of Inflation. Complexity 2 (6):54-60.
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  20. Susan L. Catt, John L. Anderson, Anthony J. Chalmers & Lesley J. Fallowfield (2011). A UK‐Wide Survey of Follow‐Up Practices for Patients with High‐Grade Glioma Treated with Radical Intent. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):1-6.
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  21. Wilhelm Röpke (1964). Welfare, Freedom, and Inflation. University, Ala.,University of Alabama Press.
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  22.  19
    C. D. McCoy (2015). Does Inflation Solve the Hot Big Bang Model׳s Fine-Tuning Problems? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 51:23-36.
    Cosmological inflation is widely considered an integral and empirically successful component of contemporary cosmology. It was originally motivated by its solution of certain so-called fine-tuning problems of the hot big bang model, particularly what are known as the horizon problem and the flatness problem. Although the physics behind these problems is clear enough, the nature of the problems depends on the sense in which the hot big bang model is fine-tuned and how the alleged fine-tuning is problematic. Without clear (...)
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  23.  12
    Ronald N. Kostoff, Dustin Johnson, J. Antonio Ridelo, Louis A. Bloomfield, Michael F. Shlesinger, Guido Malpohl & Hector D. Cortes (2006). Duplicate Publication and 'Paper Inflation' in the Fractals Literature. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3).
    The similarity of documents in a large database of published Fractals articles was examined for redundancy. Three different text matching techniques were used on published Abstracts to identify redundancy candidates, and predictions were verified by reading full text versions of the redundancy candidate articles. A small fraction of the total articles in the database was judged to be redundant. This was viewed as a lower limit, because it excluded cases where the concepts remained the same, but the text was altered (...)
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  24.  4
    Eva Myrberg (2007). The Effect of Formal Teacher Education on Reading Achievement of 3rd‐Grade Students in Public and Independent Schools in Sweden. Educational Studies 33 (2):145-162.
    This study investigates the influence of teacher competence on 3rd?grade students? reading achievement in public and independent schools in Sweden. The data come from the Swedish participation in PIRLS 2001 (Progress in Reading Literacy Study 2001) and comprise some 10,000 students. Students in independent schools achieved better on the reading test than did students in public schools, but when parents? education was controlled for, the effect on students? achievement of school type disappeared. Teacher certification for teaching in the early (...)
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  25.  39
    Vijay Boyapati (2010). Why Credit Deflation Is More Likely Than Mass Inflation: An Austrian Overview of the Inflation Versus Deflation Debate. Libertarian Papers 2.
    This article provides an Austrian overview of the inflation versus deflation debate which has captured the attention of the economics profession in the years following the US housing bust. Much of the Austrian analysis of this debate has focused on the massive expansion of the Federal Reserve’s balance sheet and attendant creation of new reserves. Several Austrian economists have predicted that the creation of new reserves will cause a massive increase in inflation. The money multiplier theory, on which (...)
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  26.  2
    Der‐Ching Yang & Fang‐Yu Huang (2004). Relationships Among Computational Performance, Pictorial Representation, Symbolic Representation and Number Sense of Sixth‐Grade Students in Taiwan. Educational Studies 30 (4):373-389.
    Twenty classes in ten schools with 627 sixth?grade students in five cities in Taiwan participated in this study. The research provides information on the performance differences among written computation, pictorial representation, symbolic representation and number sense. The results of One?way ANOVA analysis indicate that significant difference was found among WCT, PRT, SRT and NST tests, with F=536.327, p=0.000. The a posteriori comparisons show for each pair (WCT vs PRT, WCT vs SRT, WCT vs NST, PRT vs SRT and SRT (...)
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  27.  4
    Chris Michael Kirk, Rhonda K. Lewis, Angela Scott, Denise Wren, Corinne Nilsen & Deltha Q. Colvin (2012). Exploring the Educational Aspirations–Expectations Gap in Eighth Grade Students: Implications for Educational Interventions and School Reform. Educational Studies 38 (5):507-519.
    Over the past three decades, more and more students are expressing a desire to attend college, yet for many members of disenfranchised groups, this goal is often not attained. While many factors contribute to these disparities, research has shown that students begin adjusting their expectations (what they think they can achieve) for the future in relation to their idealised aspirations (what they would like to achieve). The current study explores this gap among 207 eighth grade students from two urban (...)
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  28.  3
    Joseph Watine (2011). What Sort of Bioethical Values Are the Evidence-Based Medicine and the GRADE Approaches Willing to Deal With? Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (3):184-186.
    The concept of evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been invented by physicians mostly from English Canada, mostly from McMaster University, Ontario, Canada. The term EBM first appeared in the biomedical literature in 1991 in an article written by a prominent member of this group—Gordon Guyatt from McMaster University. The inventors of EBM have also created the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) working group, which is a prominent international organisation whose main purpose is to develop evidence-based clinical practice (...)
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  29.  6
    Mark S. Copelovitch & David Andrew Singer, Financial Regulation, Monetary Policy, and Inflation in the Industrialized World.
    This article argues that the institutional mandates of central banks have an important influence on inflation outcomes in the advanced industrialized countries. Central banks that are also responsible for bank regulation will be more sensitive to the profitability and stability of the banking sector and therefore less likely to alter interest rates solely on the basis of price stability objectives. When bank regulation is assigned to a separate agency, the central bank is more likely to enact tighter monetary policies (...)
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  30.  5
    Kimberly Gilbert, Liora Pedhazur Schmelkin, Nicole Levine & Rebecca Silva (2011). A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis of Perceptions of Academic Dishonesty Among Fifth-Grade Students. Ethics and Behavior 21 (6):471 - 480.
    A study was conducted to investigate the perceptions of academic dishonesty in fifth-grade students. Two methods were used to gather data: a sorting task, which was used to indirectly assess the students' perceptions, and a rating scale task, which was used to externally validate the results of the sorting task. Results of the multidimensional scaling analysis yielded two dimensions, the first being tests/homework and papers, and the second, more ambiguous appearing to differentiate based on seriousness.
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  31.  1
    Burton Weltman (2010). Book Review of What Your Fourth Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Fourth-Grade Education. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 39 (1):66-77.
    (2006). BOOK REVIEW of What Your Fourth Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Fourth-Grade Education. Educational Studies: Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 66-77.
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  32.  1
    Jackie Greatorex (2001). Making the Grade - How Question Choice and Type Affect the Development of Grade Descriptors. Educational Studies 27 (4):451-464.
    This paper reports on a method for the development of grade descriptors for an international Economics A-level syllabus. The syllabus assessment provided the opportunity to explore how different examination paper structures (compulsory short answer written questions and longer essay type questions) and different mark schemes affected this relatively new method for developing grade descriptors. Quantitative analyses of candidates' marks on each question on the November 1999 examination were carried out to identify the grade (A to E) at (...)
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  33. Jeff Fuhrer, Yolanda K. Kodrzycki, Jane Sneddon Little & Giovanni P. Olivei (eds.) (2009). Understanding Inflation and the Implications for Monetary Policy: A Phillips Curve Retrospective. The MIT Press.
    In 1958, economist A. W. Phillips published an article describing what he observed to be the inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment; subsequently, the "Phillips curve" became a central concept in macroeconomic analysis and policymaking. But today's Phillips curve is not the same as the original one from fifty years ago; the economy, our understanding of price setting behavior, the determinants of inflation, and the role of monetary policy have evolved significantly since then. In this book, some of (...)
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  34. Jordi Galí (2008). Monetary Policy, Inflation, and the Business Cycle: An Introduction to the New Keynesian Framework. Princeton University Press.
    The New Keynesian framework has emerged as the workhorse for the analysis of monetary policy and its implications for inflation, economic fluctuations, and welfare. It is the backbone of the new generation of medium-scale models under development at major central banks and international policy institutions, and provides the theoretical underpinnings of the inflation stability-oriented strategies adopted by most central banks throughout the industrialized world. This graduate-level textbook provides an introduction to the New Keynesian framework and its applications to (...)
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  35. Tara Smith (1990). The Inflation of Rights. Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University
    In recent decades, we have seen a remarkable proliferation of the kinds of moral rights that people are thought to have. While many of these new rights have gained sizable support, the theoretical underpinnings of all rights have remained uncertain. The danger in the growth of rights claims is that we may weaken rights. As more and more desirable goods are demanded as people's "rights," the actual protection which rights afford is diminished. Abundant rights will bump up against one another, (...)
     
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  36. Der‐Ching Yang & Mao‐Neng Fred Li (2008). An Investigation of 3rd‐Grade Taiwanese Students' Performance in Number Sense. Educational Studies 34 (5):443-455.
    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the number sense performance of 3rd?graders in Taiwan, and to diagnose areas of weakness or deficiency in number sense development. A total of 808 3rd?graders participated in this study. The results indicated that these students did not perform well on each of the five number sense components (correct rates approx. 34%), and they appeared worst on the performance of ?Judging the reasonableness of computational results?. Boys and girls did not show any (...)
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  37.  1
    Thomas Li-Ping Tang (forthcoming). Theory of Monetary Intelligence: Money Attitudes—Religious Values, Making Money, Making Ethical Decisions, and Making the Grade. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  38. Katerina Salta & Chryssa Tzougraki (2004). Attitudes Toward Chemistry Among 11th Grade Students in High Schools in Greece. Science Education 88 (4):535-547.
  39. H. Theixos & Kristin Borgwald (2013). Bullying the Bully: Why Zero-Tolerance Policies Get a Failing Grade. Journal of Social Influence 8 (2-3):149-160.
    Recent studies show that the current punitive approach to bullying, in the form of zero-tolerance policies, is ineffective in reducing bullying and school violence. Despite this significant finding, anti-bullying legislation is increasing. The authors argue that these policies are not only ineffective but that they are also unjust, harmful, and stigmatizing. They advocate a broader integrative approach to bullying programs that includes both victims and bullies.
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  40.  10
    Scott Burris & Corey Davis (2009). Assessing Social Risks Prior to Commencement of a Clinical Trial: Due Diligence or Ethical Inflation? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):48-54.
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  41. Josh Dever (2007). Low-Grade Two-Dimensionalism. Philosophical Books 48 (1):1-16.
    As tends to be the way with philosophical positions, there are at least as many two-dimensionalisms as there are two-dimensionalists. But painting with a broad brush, there are core epistemological and metaphysical commitments which underlie the two-dimensionalist project, commitments for which I have no sympathies. A sketch of three signi?cant points of disagreement.
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  42.  33
    Bruce G. Charlton (2002). Democratic Deficit and Communication Hyper-Inflation in Health Care Systems. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (3):291-297.
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  43. Gordon McCabe (2005). The Structure and Interpretation of Cosmology: Part II. The Concept of Creation in Inflation and Quantum Cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (1):67-102.
  44.  14
    Marco Stango (2015). The Pragmatic Maxim and the Normative Sciences: Peirce's Problematical ‘Fourth’ Grade of Clarity. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (1):34-56.
    One of the crucial debates within pragmatism concerns the import of Charles S. Peirce’s “pragmatic maxim.” The aim of this article is to show that Peirce maintains a twofold attitude toward his maxim. I would call this twofold approach ‘problematical,’ not because it is the origin of inconsistencies within Peirce’s thought, but because the collocation and use of the pragmatic maxim constitutes a genuine problem upon which Peirce continued to reflect throughout his life.1 This problem concerns the relationship among semantics, (...)
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  45.  4
    Tricia Bertram Gallant, Michael G. Anderson & Christine Killoran (2013). Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):219-235.
    Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high (...)
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  46.  21
    Ross Upshur (2009). Making the Grade: Assuring Trustworthiness in Evidence. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):264-275.
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  47.  4
    Vural Ozdemir (2009). What To Do When the Risk Environment Is Rapidly Shifting and Heterogeneous? Anticipatory Governance and Real-Time Assessment of Social Risks in Multiply Marginalized Populations Can Prevent IRB Mission Creep, Ethical Inflation or Underestimation of Risks. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):65-68.
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  48.  3
    Rosemarie Bernabe, Ghislaine van Thiel, Jan Raaijmakers & Johannes van Delden (2009). The Need to Explicate the Ethical Evaluation Tools to Avoid Ethical Inflation. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):56-58.
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  49.  18
    Francis S. Campbell (1945). The Postwar Inflation of Russian Power. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):597-605.
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  50.  4
    Thomas Kwan‐Choi Tse (2011). Creating Good Citizens in China: Comparing Grade 7–9 School Textbooks, 1997–2005. Journal of Moral Education 40 (2):161-180.
    Ideological indoctrination is explicit and pervasive in China, with the school curriculum used to mould the spirit and character of adolescents, fulfilling ideological and political purposes. But the exact content varies over time. Comparing two versions of textbooks published in 1997 and 2005, this paper depicts the continuities and change in the curricular discourses centred on the notion of ?good citizen?. While keeping the official status of socialism and the Party leadership untouched, the new textbooks soften the presentation and packaging (...)
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