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  1. Ray Greek (forthcoming). Letter to the Editor. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-6.
    Dear Editor,The April 2014 issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics [1] presented eight essays regarding the use of nonhuman animals in biomedical research. While I appreciate the essays concerning contemporary research—which were well written and offered new thinking from the fields of ethics and ethology—I believe the journal, via the topics and the authors chosen, failed to communicate the most important fact regarding the current science pertinent to the use of nonhuman animals in research.The foundational reason for using chimpanzees and (...)
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  2. Robert C. Jones & Ray Greek (2014). A Review of the Institute of Medicine's Analysis of Using Chimpanzees in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):481-504.
    We argue that the recommendations made by the Institute of Medicine’s 2011 report, Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Assessing the Necessity, are methodologically and ethically confused. We argue that a proper understanding of evolution and complexity theory in terms of the science and ethics of using chimpanzees in biomedical research would have had led the committee to recommend not merely limiting but eliminating the use of chimpanzees in biomedical research. Specifically, we argue that a proper understanding of the difference (...)
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  3. Ray Greek (2012). The Development of Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 3 (3).
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  4. Ray Greek, Annalea Pippus & Lawrence Hansen (2012). The Nuremberg Code Subverts Human Health and Safety by Requiring Animal Modeling. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):16-.
    Background: The requirement that animals be used in research and testing in order to protect humans was formalized in the Nuremberg Code and subsequent national and international laws, codes, and declarations.DiscussionWe review the history of these requirements and contrast what was known via science about animal models then with what is known now. We further analyze the predictive value of animal models when used as test subjects for human response to drugs and disease. We explore the use of animals for (...)
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  5. Ray Greek, Lawrence A. Hansen & Andre Menache (2011). An Analysis of the Bateson Review of Research Using Nonhuman Primates. Medicolegal and Bioethics 1 (1):3-22.
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  6. Ray Greek & Niall Shanks (2011). Complex Systems, Evolution, and Animal Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (4):542-544.
  7. Ray Greek & Jean Greek (2010). Is the Use of Sentient Animals in Basic Research Justifiable? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):14.
    Animals can be used in many ways in science and scientific research. Given that society values sentient animals and that basic research is not goal oriented, the question is raised.
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  8. Niall Shanks, Ray Greek & Jean Greek (2009). Are Animal Models Predictive for Humans? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):2.
    It is one of the central aims of the philosophy of science to elucidate the meanings of scientific terms and also to think critically about their application. The focus of this essay is the scientific term predict and whether there is credible evidence that animal models, especially in toxicology and pathophysiology, can be used to predict human outcomes. Whether animals can be used to predict human response to drugs and other chemicals is apparently a contentious issue. However, when one empirically (...)
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  9. Niall Shanks, Ray Greek & Jean Greek (2009). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (2).
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  10. Ray Greek & Jean Greek (2002). Animal Models of Human Disease in Light of Darwin and DNA. Human Rights Review 4 (1):74-85.
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  11. Galerie Fuer Antike Kunst, Roman Greek, Egyptian Antiquities, Galerie Arete & Herbert A. Cahn (1996). Internationaldissociation of (Dealers in Ancient Art. Minerva 7.
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